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The Gospel Messenger 

" This Gosoel oi the Kingdom shall be preached 
in the whole world."-Matt. M: 14. 

THY KINGDOM COME " 6: io, Luk. u: 2 

Till we all attai.. - 

the fulness of Christ."— Eph. 4: 13. 

In This Number 


"foundations of Peace-No 1 (H 

On the Acqui::t ! =r. of Knowledge , 

Sr.f'jT'.JTeS Missicn Board (C. D. BJ, J 

Am;ng its Clvxrshsa, 9 

Around the World, - 9 

The Quiet Hour (R. H. M,) 

Our Forward Movement— 5 

Our Inhered Stewardship S 

^bo^S^Te^WhV P»h±itio» Pay- Wo^- J 


General Forum— _2 

Th= B Washi„ Bt o„ S St''iy Cor.erence. By J. M. Henry 
the Churches 

The Pastor's Study— 

The Pastor's Challenge— No 

By Walter McDonald Kahle, ..6 
Hints for the PasVor.-Part 3. By H. M. Bruhaker. .. 
S-5cB and Fleeing. By C. I. Scott, 

, of 


,ul F. 

*>« , 

Bechtold 6 

Homo and Family— 7 

Peace in the Home (Poem), ....-■ " .... 7 

r., it: Trv By Leo Lillian Wise, ■••■■- ' 7 

JeL, the Healer. By Maud Mohler_ Trtromer, ... 
cil! ,„„. Advertising. By Kebec 


...EDITORIAL... 1 

The Foundations of Peace 

1. The Overpopulation Problem 

The land surface of the earth totals upwards of 
50 000 000 square miles exclusive of the polar regions. 
Scattered over the continents and the islands of the sea 
is a population of 1,720,000,000. If people were evenly 
distributed they would average about thirty-five to the 
square mile, or just slightly under the density of 
population for continental United States. But even 
in the United States the frontier has vanished and 
land is growing scarce. The westward movement o 
the American people has been stopped by the Pacific 
Ocean. Today we Americans are in the midst of a 
second phase of population adjustments-the equaliza- 
tion of pressure within a given continental area. 

How many times can the population of the United 
States double and there remain bread and room for 
all? Some of our prophets are saying that the time 
has come to reserve America for Americans. Recent 
immigration policy has tended in this direction. In he 
minds of others the increasing population of the United 
States conjures up visions of conflict and the horrors 
of a time when we shall be obliged to fight for space 
and food. 

We have in prospect a gloomy subject if we choose 
to make it so. However, for the sake of those who 
may be unduly discouraged it may be of interest to 
note that Vilhjalmur Stefansson, who has been figur- 
ing; out when the. world will starve, has put the zero 
hour somewhere beyond 2180 A. D. He leaves out of 
account what the chemist may take a notion to do 
by way of making the air, the sea or the mountains 
choice morsels of food. In theory the day of doom 
is a long way off because science has only begun the 
subjection of the earth. 

Yet while all of this is true, there are practical 
aspects of the overpopulation problem which urge its 
early and careful consideration. It was in mb that 
Thomas Robert Malthus published his Essay an the 
Principle of Papulation as It Affects the Future Im- 
provement of Society. The essay was launched quietly 
but ever since that day students of populat.on have had 
to reckon with the thesis of Malthus. The substance 
of his contention is that men tend to increase faster 
than the means of subsistence. Vice and moral re- 

straint are checks to be reckoned with, but in most 
lands Malthus seems to be amply supported by a re- 
silient birth rate which crowds the masses toward the 
starvation dead line. In countries like India and China 
overpopulation is not an academic question ; it touches 
actual life in ways that spell grinding want, pain and 
hopeless lives. 

But the overpopulation problem antedates Malthus. 
He was the first to recognize its import, but for thou- 
sands of years overpopulation has been the direct or 
indirect cause of much of the world's most terrible 
suffering. The delay in making the discovery was 
doubtless due to the fact that overpopulation is not 
a social malady characteristic of fertile populous river 
valleys. An average of hundreds of people per square 
mile may mean little or nothing as regards overpopu- 
lation This is true because overpopulation is essen- 
tially a matter of the ratio between sustenance and 
men From the days of Jacob until now it has been 
the lean arid lands that were first to pass the saturation 
point and send hungry men into the fat river valleys 
as be-gars or conquerors. From the broad steppes 
of central Eurasia came the Scythians and the Tartars, 
and particularly the tidal waves of men who over- 
whelmed the crumbling Roman empire. In more 
recent times the overpopulated countries of Europe 
have found an outlet for their surplus sons in the con- 
tinents of the New World. But today the total land 
area of the world is known; all lands of value have 
been preempted; there are no new continents in re- 
serve From now on the nations of the world must 
face and solve the problem of population adjustments 
within a known land area. 

During the past century the well-being of mar, has 
steadily improved in the face of the dictum of Malthus 
And this has been possible because science has enabled 
men to increase the means of subsistence even faster 
than the nations multiplied. But is it reasonable to sup- 
pose that the scientific attainments of the last one 
hundred years can be matched indefinitely? Even ,f 
they could, what would be the better world policy; 
the unchecked spawning of the nations, or a conscious 
policy of restraint and improvement? The world has 
come to a new crossroads in history. The choice >s 
between numbers and quality; between approximately 
the status quo and a definitely rising standard of wefl- 
being that should make it possible for every worthy 
man to cultivate in larger measure his higher powers. 
There are lands now that are definitely overpopulat- 
ed This has been true of England for a long time but 
her immense colonial empire has prov.ded her with 
safety outlets for surplus men. But there are other na- 
tions with redundant populations not so favorably situ- 
ated Then too, within certain national groups there is 
Redundancy as between different classes. Poputon 
pressure is coming very largely from he infer or 
trains of men. Low grade, and especially parasitic 
types of men, tend to reduce per capita production 
and so hasten overpopulation with reference to a given 
standard of living. Too many mouths in a few land s 
even more certainly today than they have m the past 
will lead to misunderstandings, strife and even open 
" conflict. Shall the expectant of the nations env.sage 
var with overpopulation, or is there some other way? 

well. After he had stayed with them two days, many 
more believed on him because of their personal con- 
tact with him. And must not the faith of the first 
converts have taken on a much deeper meaning, by 
reason of their more intimate knowledge of him? 

The testimony of the Scriptures about Jesus is 
of incalculable worth. Without them we would prob- 
ably know nothing at all about him, certainly noth- 
ing of the real meaning of his mission in the world. 
And yet even that is not a satisfactory substitute for 
the knowledge of him which comes only through the 
personal touch of his Spirit. Unless we know him 
thus, we know nothing that will make any significant 
difference in our own fortunes now or hereafter. 
Unless his Spirit lives in us we are none of his. 

Meet the issue squarely. What is the source of 
your knowledge of Jesus? Yes, that's fine, but in 
addition to that have you any direct first-hand infor- 
mation? Do you only know things about him or 
do you also know him? 

They Belong Together 

On the Acquisition of Knowledge 

The testimony of others is of great value in 
Jua nt ng - with important truth but nothing can 
S Plaee of experience in learning to understand 
it and to appropriate its full value. 

Many of the Samaritans believed on Jesus because 
of the testimony of the woman who met h.m at the 

Does grace end where works begin? Does the help 
of the father end where the effort of the son begins? 
That were a sad state surely for the sons of fathers as 
well as for those who would be children of God. 

Works had better not try to wait until grace has fin- 
ished. Nor begin at any time with the proud notion 
that it can get on without grace. 

Cooperation— with deep gratitude and reverence be 
it said— cooperation between divine grace and human 
effort gives the only promise of success for either. 
Otherwise the outlook is hopeless for men and dis- 
appointing to God. 

Hopeless for men, because they are helpless without 
God. Disappointing to God, because he is seeking the 
companionship of good children. 

We ought to help him realize his wish. Hie more 
so, that in so doing wc make it possible for him to 
help us. And we need his help desperately. 

The loving grace of God and the brave and trust- 
ful outreach of men function beautifully together, es- 
pecially when they begin together and stay together all 
the way. 

Meeting of the General Mission Board 

The General Mission Board meets regularly four 
times each year-three times at Elgin, and once at 
Conference. The December meeting on the 16th and 
17th had about the usual business. The agendum of 
business for this meeting contained more than 150 
different items, besides extra items brought to the 
meeting in person. The members of the General 
Mission Board also serve as directors o the Pub- 
lishing House, the business of which usually requires 
about half a day of their time in addition. Besides 
the members of the Board, secretaries, and others 
about Elgin who drop in from time to time at Board 
meetings, there were present Brother F. H. Crum- 
packer and wife, Brethren H. L. Alley, E. H Eby, 
A. T. Hoffert, Samuel Bowman, and Sisters Minerva^ 
Met/eer and Mvrtle Pollock. 

To accommodate Bro. M. R. Zigler, the secretary 
for work in the home land, the business of his de- 
partment was considered first. The Board authorised 
he use of Bro. S. Z. Smith and wife ,n about ton 
months of evangelistic work among the churches of 
the South. Plans were also approved for the use 
of summer pastors again this year; and if possible 
in an increased number. This kind of service has 
usually been found helpful both to the churches and 
the young men. The permanent value, however, de- 

(Continued on Page *) 


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THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 2, 1926 


A Dreamer's Wish 

Let me live in my house by the side of the road, 

Where the race of men go by — 
They are good, they are bad, they are weak, they are 

Wise, foolish — so am I. 
Then why should I sit in the scorner's seat, 

Or hurl the cynic's ban?— 
Let me live in my house by the side of the road 

And be a friend to man. 

— Sam Walter Foss. 

Some Impressions of Germany 


The old German Empire was ruled by a bureau- 
cracy, made up of the land-owning aristocrats and a 
large group of officials on salary. The affairs of gov- 
ernment were passed on from generation to genera- 
tion within this class. It was solid, closed, non- 
capitalistic, efficient. It included ministers, teachers, 
and government officials of all sorts. It was the party 
of the church and the university. Altogether outside 
the experience and training of this ruling class was 
the phenomenal growth of modern German industrial- 
ism and capitalism. This had not been a part of their 
training in statecraft. The predatory capitalist was 
quite content with a government that should let him 
thus alone. Labor became more and more discontented. 
Of this growing discontent both Bismarck and the 
Kaiser were aware. Then came the war. For the 
first two years (1914-1916) Germany was united. 
Then the old spirit reappeared and in deeper and 
more ominous form than ever. With the complete 
breakdown of German morale the defeat soon fol- 
lowed. The old ruling class had broken down — broken 
down at the very point of its boasted strength. The 
result was that labor came into power, with the more 
or less indifferent support of capitalism, at least until 
the old bureaucracy had been driven out. When this 
alliance of labor and capital had disposed of the old 
ruling class, it next turned upon the communists. 
When the communist danger was past the capitalist 
support of the labor government cooled considerably. 
The capitalists withheld their money. The government 
was without money. The only way it could get it 
was to print it. There followed that financial crash 
in which four and one half million of Germany's best 
people were reduced to poverty. The only possible 
solution of the problem was to turn the government 
over into the hands of those who controlled the wealth 
of Germany. These are the rulers of Germany today 
— they have a capitalist democracy. The names of 
the parties in power ( Social Democratic and People's 
parties) are rather a misnomer. 

Germany is poor. She has lost one-eighth of her 
area, one-tenth of her population, three-fourths of her 
iron, over one-fourth of her potash. She has lost 
agricultural lands in the North-East which supplied 
one-fourth of her grain and potatoes and one-tenth 
of her cattle. Forty-five -per cent of her engines were 
unfit for use at the close of the war with rolling stock 
in a correspondingly wrecked condition. Five thousand 
of her remaining engines with one hundred fifty thou- 
sand cars have been taken by her former enemies. 
She has lost her merchant marine. An indemnity 
of $35,000,000,000 has been laid upon her. To pay 
this she must raise $600,000,000 per year. Her com- 
merce in its balmiest days, when she had her colonies 
and her merchant fleet, could not bear this burden. The 
" average wage is one dollar per day. Ten million people 
in Germany are trying to live on a family income of 
less than three hundred dollars per year. Yet, some 
tourists come home talking about the appearance of 
wealth in Germany. The appearance is there. But 
there is a reason. Millions in Germany have seen 
their savings of years vanish into thin air. They see 
their former enemies with unheard-of military prepara- 
tion demanding an impossible indemnity. It has all 
developed in the German people a sort of earthy 
philosophy of despair : " What I eat and wear and 

enjoy today, I have; what I save, I shall in all proba- 
bility lose." 

The religious situation in Germany. Germany has 
about 38,000,000 Protestants and 20,000,000 Catholics. 
The Catholics were the first group in Germany to have 
a social gospel. Among the Catholics there is no issue 
between labor and capital. The Catholic center is a 
party supporting the present German government. The 
Protestant church has been conservative, comfortable, 
orthodox, without social vision or passion. The labor 
group stands outside. These charges have often been 
made, without, as I think, another observation, which, 
in justice, should be made. While the German church 
has been without social vision, it has had an inward- 
ness and depth and mysticism which has enriched the 
life'of the world through her poets, musicians, painters 
and thinkers. 

Germany is disarmed and peaceful. It ill becomes 
Germany's former enemies (France making two, 
England five and the United States six times the mili- 
tary expenditure of Germany) to catch up every 
rumor of German armament. The recent, most effec- 
tive step toward peace that has been made since the 
war must be credited to German initiative. Germany 
has renounced all claim to Alsace-Lorraine. She will 
not go to war over her Eastern boundaries. After 
one week with many of the German leaders, \ye were 
most deeply convinced of her pacific intentions, that 
she is looking to the processes of conference and jus- 
tice and goodwill for the solution of her most difficult 

The soul of Germany is unimpaired, and with a 
righteous international settlement in Europe, she may 
have a great future in spiritual creation. While the 
Bourbons and Napoleon were overrunning Europe 
with their armies, and making themselves hideous in 
the estimation of decent people, Germany was put- 
ting the whole world in her debt by her creations in 
art, music, literature. Now that she is relieved of 
that most crushing burden the militarists laid upon 
her, she will yet again enrich the world with those 
fine things of the spirit which she is capable of creat- 
ing. The high water mark of the Greek mind came 
after her military sun had set. Israel produced more 
of permanent worth to the world during the days 
of her decline in a military sense than during the days 
of her conquests. Whether Germany turns to the 
sword or the spirit depends on her former enemies. 
Injustice and suspicion will drive her back into mili- 
tarism. Righteousness in international relationships 
will free her fine ability for the building of a vast 
empire in the realm of the spirit. 

North Manchester, Ind. 

He said: "That member may be sick physically or 
spiritually and in either case he should be visited." 
His church grew and had to be divided into two 

By way of contrast we mention another elder we 
knew. He was the only preacher in his congregation. 
He could preach a fairly good sermon. He was rich 
and knew how to make money. He had a fair-sized 
congregation, but it began to become smaller. The 
Sunday-school closed for the winter. The attendance 
at church grew less and less until finally the preacher 
quit preaching. What was the matter? It was a good 
moral community. There were a number of families 
not belonging to any church. There was no other 
church near. Here was a splendid opportunity to build 
up a strong, congregation. Why was it not done? 
Because the elder did not put to work the forces 
under his command. 

The elder or pastor who makes a success, keeps 
a list of all the members of his congregation. He 
studies the special needs of each one. He puts to work 
all the forces in the church. The Sunday-school is 
put into the front rank and he sees that the attendance 
is kept up. He makes the Christian Workers' meeting 
interesting and instructive. He makes the prayer meet- 
ing attractive and teaches the members to take part. 
He directs the musical talent in the church to be culti- 
vated, the song service to be inspiring and the special 
music to be of a high order. He invents ways and 
means to give every member something to do. In short, 
he puts the forces under his command to work. We 
never knew such an elder or pastor to fail. 

In every human activity, he who puts to work the 
forces under his command, makes a success. Henry 
Ford and those who work like him are good examples. 

Fruita, Colo. 

Setting the Forces to Work 


In every human activity, he is the most successful 
who can put to work to the highest degree, all the 
forces under his command. He is not the greatest 
and most successful preacher who can deliver the most 
learned and most eloquent sermons, but he who can 
marshal into line all the forces in his congregation 
and make them work to the utmost capacity. He is not 
the best teacher who can deliver the most learned 
lecture, but he who can make his students think and 
study, who can draw out of them what they know. 
Not what the teacher tells the students, but what the 
teacher can make them tell him, is what counts. The 
best educated college professor we ever knew was a 
poor teacher. He had spent fifteen years in preparation 
in college, university and technical schools and was 
thoroughly equipped in language, literature and, 
philosophy, but he was not able to make his students 
think and study. 

The best pastor and elder we ever knew was not a 
preacher at all. During the five years we belonged 
to his congregation we never heard him preach once. 
He would open or close the meeting and get some one 
else to preach the sermon. But he was a master in 
executive ability. He could put to work all the forces 
in the church and make them do their best. He was 
vigilant. If he noticed a member absent from church 
twice in succession, he sent two deacons to visit him. 

Brethren's Aid Societies 


.Why should there not be a Brethren's Aid Society 
as well as a Sisters' Aid Society? If sisters can give a 
half day each week out of their busy life to quilting, 
sewing, and other work that brings in money to be 
used in financing various church projects, such as dec- 
orating the walls of the church auditorium, carpeting 
the aisles, purchasing a pulpit Bible, and furniture, 
why should not the men organize a Brethren's Aid 
Society for the purpose of financing the pastor's sup- 
port, the home mission quota, or the support of a for- 
eign missionary? 

A group of a dozen farmers who are as thoroughly 
Christed as the group of one dozen busy, sisters com- 
posing the Sisters' Aid Society of the church could 
band themselves together, organize with superintend- 
ent and treasurer, rent forty acres of land in the 
church community, donate use of teams, farming im- 
plements and time sufficient to care for the raising of a 
crop on the forty acres of land. The net proceeds of 
the farm could be used to help pay the pastor. If the 
land had a house on it the pastor could live in the 
house and help support himself by keeping a cow, 
chickens and hogs. He could also give a few days' 
labor each week to this Brethren's Aid Society to be 
used as the society directs. 

Many weak rural churches that are gradually dying 
for lack of pastoral care because money is not forth- 
coming to pay a pastor a living salary, will soon have 
to devise some method of supporting a pastor or pre- 
pare to close their doors forever. 

Can it be possible there are a dozen Christian men 
in any community who either can not muster enough 
business ability that is dedicated to the Lord, or who, 
through indifference, will not muster the ability to put 
on a business project by which support can be obtained 
for one family who may administer ■ to the spiritual 
needs of the group? 

Can it be possible there are not to be found suffi- 
cient consecrated young men among our hundreds of 
college graduates who are willing to step into these dy- 
ing rural churches and give their lives as industrial 
pastors to save the hundreds of rural churches from 
passing into oblivion? 

We send industrial missionaries to the foreign field. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 2, 1926 

Why should we not have industrial pastors in the home 
field? Why should not educated young men be willing 
to lay their lives upon the altar for the church at home 
as. well as abroad? Why should not our colleges make 
a specialty of training men for industrial pastors? If 
the Church of the Brethren is to survive this critical 
. era of her existence in which she is trying to recruit 
and reorganize her ministry she will be compelled for a 
while, at least, to occupy middle ground between a 
fully and partially supported ministry. In this perilous 
moment in our church career it may be necessary for 
laity and ministry to join hands in saving the rural 
churches in. many Districts from death. If the laity 
and the ministry should become as thoroughly aroused 
to the peril of the present situation as it demands, the 
proposed Brethren's Aid Societies would not appear 
to be impractical. 

The social value of such an organization would not 
be small. Sisters' Aid Societies, when properly con- 
ducted, furnish no small benefit to the social welfare of 
a congregation. At the close of a season in which the 
Brethren had all worked together to produce a crop of 
corn from the forty acres of land, a husking bee to 
which the Sisters' Aid Society might be asked to con- 
tribute the eats would furnish a social occasion that 
would be an honor to any community. People in the 
community who were not memhers of the church 
would gladly participate and so an evangelistic cam- 
paign might easily have its origin in the occasion. 
There' are unlimited possibilities connected with an 
effort like this to support the spiritual adviser of the 

Where is the church that will be first to organize a 
Brethren's Aid Society? 

Mt. Morris, III. 

discovery that some one whom we have trusted has 
been other than what he seemed to be. As I look 
back over my experience I find this to be very true. 
The saddest experiences have been those in which I 
have discovered the insincerity of a supposed friend. 

And yet, how common is insincerity ! The world 
we are living in is full of dishonesty and deceit of ev- 
ery sort. We find it in business, we find it in so- 
ciety, and we find it in the church. We say things we 
do not mean, we praise when we secretly condemn, 
we smile when there is a frown on the face of the 
heart, we give compliments when we are really think- 
ing unkind things. We try to make people think we 
are other than we are. If a person obtains money un- 
der false pretense, the law punishes him, but how many 
other things are obtained under false pretense ! We 
may be insincere and deceive our friends, but remem- 
ber we cannot deceive God. He knows our sincerity. 

After all, it is only the sincere service that will 
bring reward, both now and in eternity; therefore, 
may we be sincere in all our thoughts, words and acts. 
Colorado Springs, Colo. 



All the virtues are beautiful, but some have a finer 
loveliness than others. All the virtues are important, 
but some are more essential than others. Certain vir- 
tues are more conspicuous than others, but some are 
plainly fundamental. Such a fundamental virtue is 
the virtue of sincerity. It is the mother of a noble 
family of virtues, all of which draw their strength 
and beauty from her. Patience, Kindness, Generosity, 
Humility, 'Courtesy, Unselfishness and Good Temper 
are some of the children of Sincerity. 

Sincerity is the virtue which we look for and which 
our very hearts crave. It is the characteristic we 
desire in a friend. The moment we find out that a 
person is insincere with us, we mistrust him and he 
soon ceases to be our friend. 

• Sincerity is the trait the parents seek for in their 
children. Deceit in a child causes the parental heart 
pain. I think of an incident when I did something 
which caused my mother to doubt my sincerity. How 
carefully she questioned me. " Are you telling me 
all? Are you sure you are not keeping something 
from me?" There is nothing a parent desires so 
much in the child as a sincere heart. 

Let us look at the life of Jesus. The characteris- 
tic of sincerity is very manifest. He always spoke the 
truth. Nothing was detested more by him than false- 

* hood. No other people so stirred his wrath as the men 
who pretended to be what they were not. Repeatedly 
he reproved their hypocrisy. It was the sincerity of 
Jesus which drove him into conflict with the hypocrites, 
for a hypocrite and Jesus cannot live together. It was 
the sincerity of Jesus which impelled him to tell men 
the plain truth about their lives. He called the Jewish 
leaders in Jerusalem blind men, fools, serpents. Was 
it not the duty of Jesus to tell them of their pitiable 
condition? What else could and should a sincere 
friend do? Jesus himself said that he had come into 
the world to bear witness of the truth. That was his 

. work. He never shirked it. He never grew weary in 
doing it. He said, " I am the truth." It was this loyal- 
ty to truth that made his life such a power in the 
world. If our lives are to be powerful, we must ex- 
emplify the same Christlike sincerity. In plain words, 
Jesus tells us that we are not to be as the hypocrites. 
There is nothing that so takes the life out of us as the 

Separation Yet Fellowship 


The present program for young people is not the 
first attempt along the line. When other denomina- 
tions were in the midst of the young people's society 
movement there were congregations of our own that 
were entirely oblivious of any such development. But 
not all were, and those that saw the benefits other 
young people were getting, felt that we should have 
something of the kind in our church. This feeling 
gained sufficient support to assume the proportions of 
a query to Conferences asking for a young people's 
organization. This was nearly twenty-five years ago. 

A reading of the Annual Conference minutes for 
the' year that the report of the committee on young 
people's work was given shows that there were two 
reasons why a young people's program was not wanted. 
They can be put in these sentiments: "If we let the 
young people have an organization of their own they 
will run off with the church," and, " We love our 
young people and don't want to be separated from 

If one believes that human nature cannot be changed 
he can find arguments for his position in the atti- 
tude of some people today, for there are no two prob- 
lems that tend to check the progress of the young 
people's program much more specifically than these. 
Strangely enough, some of the very people who today 
put forth those arguments were the young people 
whom the older people were afraid of, and wanted to 
be with, a generation ago. 

The first fear involves the breaking of traditions. 
Give young people the direction of their own work 
and they will do it other than the way it has been 
done, and that is what some people consider running 
away with the church. But it involves another prin- 
ciple which is more basic. It means that young peo- 
ple will assume the responsibility of their organiza- 
tion. Adults are slow to allow this in the church. It 
goes right along in the high school and in business, 
but it is questioned when it comes to the church. Re- 
move the principle of responsibility in school or busi- 
ness and the loss is felt at once. Is it surprising, that 
youth accustomed to doing things elsewhere, will have 
little interest in a church program where they have no 
voice in what is being done and where they share no 

The second argument put forth would seem to me to 
have greater weight than the first. The principle of 
fellowship is one of the greatest in the church. Jesus 
emphasized it. It is not a by-product or something 
to be tacked onto the program of the church as an en- 
listment agency. Moreover there ought to be fellow- 
ship between old and young. It is not mere sentimen- 
talism which is evoked at seeing older and younger 
people working together in common tasks or enjoying 
social fellowship. 

The question of how we can provide a program 
which will give the young people of the church the 
training they deserve and not isolate them from fel- 

lowship with older people, is one of genuine concern. 
It cannot be solved by a condemnation of the young 
people's program. That is an easy way, but its re- 
sults are disastrous as far as young people are con- 
cerned. Nor is there much to be gained in an appeal 
for the good old days. They did not hold the youth 
nor train them. 

Ours is a day of specialization. Our church schools 
are graded and departmentalized. The one roomed 
churchhouse has given way to a building not only hav- 
ing rooms but departmental rooms. And the program 
is just as completely graded. Those who are devoting 
their thought and effort to religious education believe 
that the greatest good will come through such a pro- 
gram and that it is not possible to do what ought to 
be done otherwise. 

That is why we have young people's departments 
functioning through the entire life of the church. It 
accounts for the summer conferences for young people 
and every other effort which is often mistaken as 
merely an attempt to separate young people from old- 
er ones. The fact that there is a more genuine interest 
by young people in the work of the church would seem 
to indicate that the plan is securing results of value. 

But granting the above it still remains true that 
there must be places in the program of the church 
where age and youth meet together in fellowship. 
Young people insist upon it. They don't want to be 
cut off from the church, yet they highly prefer that in 
many parts of their program the church be represented 
by some one delegated to represent it rather than a gen- 
eral mixing of older and young. 

This can be illustrated in the social life. Most young 
people's groups want a teacher or adult leader to be 
with them in their social good times and an occasional 
social fellowship where old and young get together is 
an anticipated event in many churches. Yet it is rarely 
true that they would want to always be together. Much 
the same thing holds true in other places of the young 
people's program. 

Much of the misunderstanding surrounding this 
question would be removed if representatives of the 
age groups sat down and arrived at a working basis 
rather than go about fostering suspicion toward those 
of the other age group. It is not something which can 
be settled by a convenient rule. Situations must de- 
termine the procedure. There are some sections 
holding general conferences in which old and young 
meet together and the results are mutually helpful. 
There are other places where the same plan is being 
followed with the result that most of the young people 
would be just as well, or better off if they did not at- 
tend. The same holds true in local churches. 

What I am trying to suggest here is that In a day of 
specialization we try honestly to give youth the ad- 
vantages of a separate program and at the same time 
maintain a spirit of comradeship which will be for the 
mutual good of all. It is the possibility toward which 
we should strive. 
New Haven, Conn. 

The Relation of Our Educational Policy to 


In Two Parts— Part One 
An interesting discussion is occurring in the Mes- 
senger on our educational policy. This is a problem 
which needs to be considered not only intrinsically 
from an economical and efficiency standpoint, but also 
in its relation to our other church activities. It is the 
purpose of these hvo articles to consider the relation 
of our educational policy to our missionary enter- 

Possibilities of Growth in Missions 

On the back page of the Missionary Visitor there ap- 
pear the names of 131 workers now being supported 
by the church through her General Mission Board. 
Counting the membership of the church as 117.907 
this means that we have one missionary for every 900 
of our membership. But we have one church in the 
Brotherhood with a membership of six hundred which 
his six representatives in foreign lands. On such a 

(Continued on Paee 10) 

The Washington Study Conference 


The National Study Conference on the Churches 
and World Peace, held in Washington December 1-3 
marks a new era, it seems to us, in the peace movement 
of this age. The writer has attended conferences of 
small groups— religious bodies— similar to our own, 
for the last six or eight years, but at no time have 
we ever been present at a Conference so largely at- 
tended. The discussions covered a wide range of dif- 
ference of opinion and yet a spirit of brotherly kind- 
ness prevailed. 

The official registration gives 160 officially appointed 
delegates, four visitors sent by religious organizations 
and forty visitors. More than thirty denominations 
were officially represented. The Church of the Breth- 
ren was represented by Bro. J. S. Noffsinger and the 
writer, one of whom, or both, being present at all 

The purpose of the Study Conference was to care- 
fully consider the relations of the Christian churches 
and world peace, in an endeavor to find ways and 
means to promote peace and goodwill. No action or 
recommendation was to be considered binding on any 
church or delegates. Broad-mindedness — sometimes 
pathetically lacking in some speches— seemed the under- 
lying working principle in the group as a whole. 

A Syllabus of the topics for study had been prepared 
with great care by an able commission. The Syllabus, 
in many respects, is more significant to the writer than 
the Conference. The maturity of thought, the analysis 
of subject matter, the far-reaching advance in concep- 
tion of peace are really inspiring to one who has always 
believed so profoundly in the teaching of Jesus in 
regard to peace. 

Many of the delegates showed a careful study of 
the agendum for discussion. Some seem to have come 
with prepossessed minds with little hope of. being 
changed to a broader attitude. This would be true, 
perhaps, of only a small minority. The majority of 
the delegates approached the problems in a statesman- 
like way. Bitterness of expression and sharp invec- 
tives were not in evidence. The spirit of peace per- 
vaded the meeting, even amidst a varied and wide 
range of difference of opinion. 

After the topics were discussed in a general way, 
delegates were privileged to attend special study 
groups. A commission on findings was appointed for 
each study group. The Committee had matters re- 
ferred to them by the group as a whole whose discus- 
sions were embodied in reports. 

It is not our purpose to draw a sharp line of cleavage 
between old and young, yet one can not keep from 
feeling that the Scriptures found # verification in ful- 
fillment: "The young men shall see visions and old 
men shall dream dreams." To the writer it seemed 
impressive, almost pathetic, to hear some of the ma- 
tured, grey-haired men speak in defense of war as 
a purifier of civilization, or even as justifiable, and not 
hear the young men take that position. Is the answer 
to be found in the fact that youth looks, longs, and 
has visions, for world peace as a living reality, while 
the aged lived in the glory of the past which had 
fixed itself in their plastic lives many years ago and 
has therefore not changed? 

Much was said about the practical and ideal world 
as though war was the normal, and peace the expected, 
in an ideal world. One has to wonder how long it 
will be before Christians really believe that the idealism 
of Jesus is the most practical solution for the problems 
of mankind. It will be hard, it -seems to us, for a 
Christian world to outlaw war as "the most colossal 
calamity and scourge of modern life," if that Chris- 
tian world believes that war is the normal expedient 
in a practical world, and peace an ideal to be hoped 
for in an idealized world. 

It would be beautiful to believe that every delegate 
to this great conference came there as a disciple — 
a learner — and that great good will result. It seems 
fair to state that probably the outstanding element 
of good will come from a careful study of the peace 
question by various religious bodies in a group. The 
Christian church as a body of believers, can, and 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 2, 1926 

should, show to the world that the church is concerned 
about the peace of the world and is willing to do all 
she can to bring it to pass in this world and thus crown 
Christ as Prince of Peace. It is not to be expected, 
however, that any paper adopted by the Conference 
would meet the views of all. We are submitting else- 
where (this page) without comment the Message 
to the Churches from the National Study Conference 
on the Churches and World Peace. The report or 
message speaks for itself. 
New Windsor, Md. 

Meeting of the General Mission Board 

(Continued from First Page) 

pends upon the success with which it is followed up. 
Building a Christian church takes time and the con- 
secrated life-blood of those who are willing to live 
and die in the faith. 

Nine different State Districts were granted aid for 
the work under their care. These Districts are located 
from California to Virginia. The grants range from 
$300 to $1,000, and total $5,600. 

The Board approved of the aim of the students of 
our colleges to raise a sum of money to help increase 
the number of summer pastors for use in the home 
field ; also to provide $1,000 to maintain a cooperating 
interest in the Shantung Christian University for the 
training of, our native Christians in China. The Board 
has already approved Bro. Maynard Cassady as a 
teacher in this same institution, who will act as a 
pastor to any students that our mission may send, in 
addition to his work as teacher in the School of 

Much time was given to the consideration of the 
work in China. The fact that four of the missionaries 
from this field were present added much to the bet- 
ter knowdedge of underlying conditions and reasons 
for the situations we read about in our newspapers. 
Petitions from die missionaries that the governments 
abandon the unequal rights and treaties with China, 
which are the cause for many of the present difficul- 
ties, were considered and approved. A number of 
smaller grants were made for the work there, al- 
though the Board feels that a watchful-waiting policy 
must prevail in part while China finds herself in these 
days of her awakening and special problems. 

The missionaries in India find it hard to make ends 
meet on their support. They do not ask for more 
for themselves, but find it most necessary for the chil- 
dren. Increased cost of living, and the rate of ex- 
change, make this urgent. While the Board did not 
give all they ask, the children's support was increased 
to the following: from birth to 6 years, $100 per 
year; from 6 to 12 years, $200 per year; and from 
12 to 18 years, $250 per year. Here are amounts that 
some Sunday-school or class might be glad to provide. 
The revised cost for the new hospital in Africa 
was submitted as now likely to approximate $12,000 
which was approved. The length of furloughs for 
Africa, the supports for missionaries and children, 
the call for workers and other items relating to Africa, 
were left until an interview might be had with those 
returning from this field. Brethren Helser and Kulp 
are expected to arrive in New York about January 15. 
Among those approved as missionaries were Ruth 
Ulery of Iowa, to China, as, an evangelist; and Sister 
Ethel Roop of Maryland, as a nurse to India. Others 
are under consideration for final action at the next 
meeting of the Board. All fields need doctors. India 
wants a teacher for the children of missionaries. Af- 
rica wants a nurse and other workers to be considered 
at the next meeting. 

The Board feels the necessity of a better personal 
knowledge of the fields, stations, their equipment, 
problems, etc. They decided that the secretary at 
least should be making plans for such a deputation at 
an early date. 

Only those who take the time to sit in a Board meet- 
ing and hear the endless amount of discussion and 
requests about loans, church buildings, recruits, mis- 
understandings, administration, and problems on the 
home and foreign fields, furloughs, ministerial relief, 
faithfulness and adaptability, as well as lack of it, 

among workers, churches, and scores of other things, 
can appreciate the busy ten to twelve hours that the 
Board members put into each day of their meetings. 
We can only pray that their efforts may be blessed of 
the Lord. Only as his Spirit directs the work in every 
land and is multiplied by his grace can it meet the 
hopes and prayers of those who support and administer 
it. ^ c. d. B. 

Message to the Churches 

From the National Study Conference on the Churches 
and World Peace 

Note: See Bro. J. M. Henry's Article on This Page 

In every age Christians are compelled not only to 
voice their protest against the existing order but to 
point out precisely what the spirit of Christ demands 
and to try practically to embody it. 

In this effort to interpret and apply the spirit and 
teaching of our Lord, the church, it should be frank- 
ly admitted, has rendered a service whose practice 
has stopped far short of its ideals. It should be now 
ardently seeking, as it confronts present day obligations 
and opportunities,- actually to know the mind of its 
Master and to do whatsoever he commands. We here 
have sought the truth and the inspiration by which 
right decisions might be reached and a program for 
peace be adopted which we may ask the church to 
undertake with a vital faith and a conviction of victory. 

War is the most colossal calamity and scourge of 
modern life. War is not inevitable. It is the supreme 
enemy of mankind. Its futility is beyond question. 
Its continuance is the suicide of civilization. We are 
determined to outlaw the whole war system. Eco- 
nomics and industry, social welfare and progressive 
civilization, morality and religion, all demand a new 
international order in which righteousness and justice 
between nations shall prevail and in which nation shall 
fear nation no longer, and prepare for war no more. 
For the attainment of this high ideal the life of the' 
nations must be controlled by the spirit of mutual 
goodwill made effective through appropriate agencies. 
War must be outlawed and declared a crime by in- 
ternational agreement. The war spirit and war feelings 
must be banished and war preparations abandoned. 
Permanent peace based on equal justice and fair deal- 
ing for all alike, both great and small, must be 
achieved. The Kingdom of God in the relations of 
nations must be established. 

This stupendous, difficult and urgent task challenges 
the churches of America and all citizens of goodwill. 
It is a moral and religious as well as an economic 
and political task. All the forces of civilization must 
therefore unite in this noble adventure of faith and 

This study conference, representing some thirty 
communions, rejoicing in the many ringing declarations 
and constructive proposals by various religious bodies, 
in their official actions, presents to the churches of the 
United States of America the following affirmations 
and recommendations. 

Ideals and Attitudes 

1. The teachings and spirit of Jesus clearly show that 
the effective force for the safeguarding of human rights, 
the harmonizing of differences and the overcoming of 
evil is the spirit of goodwill. 

Throughout his entire ministry, in all human relation- 
ships he was consistently animated by this principle^ of 
active and positive goodwill in the face of opposition, 
governmental oppression and personal violence. He vindi- 
cated the life of love and service in the face of suffering 
and trial. His constant emphasis on forgiveness, the 
charge to his disciples to love their enemies and his 
prayer on the cross, "Father, forgive them, for they 
know not what they do," express and illustrate his spirit 
and method. 

2. The church, the body of Christ all-inclusive— tran- 
scending race and national divisions— should henceforth 
oppose war, as a method of settling disputes between 
nations and groups as contrary to the spirit and principles 
of Jesus Christ, and should declare that it will not as a 
church sanction war. 

(We draw a clear distinction between the use of lore. In police 
service, domestic and international, on the one hand and in war 
on the other. While force involves coercion or physics control 
in any ease the motive and end of police force is fourfold: It is 
inspired by goodwill for the common welfare; it is corrective and 
remedial in its nature; it is exercised by neutral parties; it is 
strictly limited by law and has justice as its aim. 

War whether aggressive or defensive, is the use ol organized 
violence ™» dispute between nation, or hostile group. Even though 
one oi the parties may be guiltless, it creates hatred, leads to un- 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 2, 1926 

limited la 

ss of life a 

nd propCrt 

of innocent victims 

In war 

to settle 

the iuuB 

nvolved b 


War invbl 

es cBnscr 

a .,.I R Ha 

ion-wide p 


Tiib is n 

loderii war 

in its 11a 

has seen 

it, wnethc 

r thfe war 


War is thus trie vet 

is called 

to the fact that a p 

or more 

lationg on 

their Bwri 

and always involves large numbers 

le parties directly concerned seek 

superior force regardless of justice. 

ription of the individual conscience 

of falsehood, suspicion, fear atld hate. 

otir geii' 

be fought for offensive Or defensive 

ry antithesis of police force. Attention 

nuiitive expedition undertaken by one 

initiative ii essentially a War measure^ 

and not an exercise of international police force.) 

3. The church should not only labor for the coining of 
the Kingdom of God in the hearts of men but should give 
itself to constructive policies and measures for world jus- 
tice and peace. It should fearlessly declare its distinctive 

message of goodwill. It should proclaim this message re- 
gardless of fluctuating opinion and political exigencies. 

4. The church should teach patriotic support of the 
State, but should never become the agent of the Govern- 
ment in any activity alien to the spirit of Christ. The 
church should look to the responsible statesmen of a 
Christian country to conduct the public business along 
those lines of justice and reason which will not lead to 

5, The church should recognize the right and the duty 
of each individual to follow the guidance of his own con- 

(Continued on Page 12J 

The Welfare Board 

Bertha M. Neher, Secretary 

Our Forward Movement 

Edited by J. W. Lear 

teral Director of the Council of Pre 

Our Inherited Stewardship 

One may acquire certain wealth or preferment as 
a reward for rendered service, or one may come into 
possession of the same through the will of another. 
We commonly call the latter a matter of inheritance. 
Sometimes an heirloom is prized very highly; and 
again, what is passed down may be considered trifling 
if not expensive property, 

Paul spoke of a saints' inheritance (Acts 20:32). 
He was talking to the overseers of the church at 
Ephesus. This inheritance, whatsoever it was in his 
mind, was a gift from God. In his epistle, he wrote 
to the church at Ephesus about this inheritance which 
he called a place in the Kingdom of Christ and God, 
stating that this place was forfeited by the individual 
through living an unholy life and that the Holy Spirit 
within the individual was an earnest pledge of this 
redemptive state (Eph. 5:5; 1:14). In one of his 
defenses he declared that the means of obtaining the 
inheritance was redemption or remission of sins, 
that the method was by faith in Jesus Christ and that 
he was called to preach the " good news " of this 
divine arrangement (Acts 26:18). 

It is clear, then, brethren, that our inheritance with 
the saints is from the Father. It is a gift from our 
Lord. Then, too, it is very clear that fellowship with 
the Father to the extent that we may enjoy his pres- 
ence and come into possession of his glory is the 
crowning feature of this inheritance; that the Father 
must make us fit to participate in this unspeakable 
gift; and that only as we walk in the light as he is 
in the light may we have, the fellowship that shineth 
more and more unto the perfect day. 

John called this fellowship, sonship, and declared 
that we came into this divine family relationship 
because of a Father's love. He suggested, too, that 
this family relation was progressive, that as long as 
we are in fleshly tabernacles the full glory of our in- 
heritance could not be seen nor enjoyed. Christ Jesus 
the only begotten Son was made perfect through suf- 
fering and death and has now entered into the glory 
of the inheritance. If we are sons of God by faith in 
Jesus Christ, and while " it is not yet made manifest 
what we shall be, we know that if he shall be mani- 
fested, we shall be like him; for we shall see him even 
as he is " (1 John 3:2). But this progressive change 
that constantly feeds our hope and anchors us within 
the veil must be accomplished by the will of God as 
we subject our wills to his plan of spiritual meta- 
morphosis. " But we all, with unveiled face beholding 
as in a mirror the glory of the Lord, are transformed 
into the same image from glory to glory, even as 
from the Lord the Spirit" (2 Cor. 3:18). "Every- 
one that hath this hope set on him purifieth himself, 
even as he is pure " (1 John 3:3). " Like as he who 
called you is. holy, be ye yourselves also holy in all 
manner of living" (1 Peter 1:15). 

Now, dearly beloved, having had this promise left 
us and having entered into covenant with him as 
symbolized in the ordinance of Christian baptism, " let 
us cast off the works of darkness, and let us put 
on the armor of light" (Rom. 13:12), for "the 
kingdom of God " in which we have our inheritance 
is " righteousness, peace and joy in the Holy Spirit " 
(Rom. 14:16). Beloved, we have been redeemed 
with precious blood, even the blood of Christ, unto 

an incorruptible inheritance that is kept in reserve for 
all who are guarded by the power of God through 
faith. Only let our manner of life be without covet- 
ousness and worthy of the Gospel of Christ for our 
citizenship is in heaven, therefore, our pilgrimage on 
earth should be as becometh people professing godli- 
ness with good works. 

W|th such an inheritance promised, and having al- 
ready entered into the first fruits thereof in the power 
of the Holy Spirit, we have inherited thereby as chil- 
dren of God some tremendous responsibilities. We 
have had committed to us the ministry of evangelism 
unto the reconciliation of the world to God. We are 
stewards of the manifold grace of our heavenly Father 
and it is required that stewards be found faithful. It 
is God who worketh in us both to will and to work, 
for his good pleasure. We are to glorify God in our 
bodies, which are his. " Whatsoever ye do in word 
or in deed do all to the glory of God." As children 
of God, therefore, we are stewards of personality, 
purpose, power, property and prayer; and we are to 
occupy until he comes as people who must give an 
account before him at his coming. 

An Interesting Program 

On Sunday evening, Nov. 29, the Christian Workers 
of the First Grand Valley congregation of Western 
Colorado rendered a splendid missionary program. 
A remarkable feature of the event was the report by 
the children of their contributions to the hospital in 

Last spring the Sunday-school gave a quarter to 
as many as would agree to invest. At this meeting a 
small pasteboard building on which was written in 
large letters the word " Hospital " was placed on a 
table just in front of the rostrum. The children filed 
up one by one and standing just back of the hospital 
facing the audience they recited the story of their in- 
vestment and after announcing the amount of increase 
dropped the amount into the hospital. 

The service was very impressive. The children not 
only enjoyed taking a part in this very concrete man- 
ner but they were almost unconsciously receiving 
training in Christian service. If this interest is kept 
up these children will become valuable and efficient 
workers in the church. 

The children are always willing to do their best 
if they are given an opportunity. In too many places 
they are forgotten. Too many times fathers or mothers 
give pennies to their children to drop in the offering 
box. It is little wonder that we have so many per- 
functory givers. Parents, help your children to earn 
the money they give and they will enjoy the giving 
very much more. 

An interesting part of the program in this church 
was the increase. All invested 25c. No one reported 
less than $1.00 and one girl reported over seven dol- 
lars. The average was over three dollars. 

Last year our Brotherhood sent in for the Confer- 
ence Budget an average of $2.77. This was less than 
the children did at First Grand Valley. Brethren, if 
giving to the church is irksome for us, just help the 
children a bit, they will make it and take great pleasure 
in giving it. 

" Except ye turn and become as little children ye 
shall in no wise enter into the kingdom of heaven."— 

Labor Expert Tells Why Prohibition Pays 

The most convincing evidence I have had during 
the past year that prohibition is proving more and 
more beneficial to working men was afforded me the 
other day when I visited the Union City Mission, in 
Minnesota, and talked with Mr. Paul, the superin- 
tendent, who took me into the club rooms, where some 
four or five hundred men were seated about the tables. 
" These men are merely casual workers, who habitu- 
ally make Minneapolis their winter headquarters. . Mr. 
Paul stated that he did not think a single one of them 
was under the influence of liquor, a marked contrast 
from former days. He told me, furthermore, that a 
year ago ten to twelve men under the influence of 
liquor would come into the mission daily while this 
year he sees probably one a day. This is certainly 
proof that working men are among the greatest bene- 
ficiaries of the Eighteenth Amendment. 

" The transfer of capital from industries manu- 
facturing liquor to legitimate lines had even given 
employment then to three or four times as many work- 
ing men as were formerly employed in the liquor in- 

" My territory for the Department of Labor em- 
braces seven west central States. I have made it a 
point to ascertain what becomes of the buildings for- 
merly housing breweries when I visit the forty odd 
cities in this district. Without exception the buildings 
now house industries which employ from three to four 
times as many wage earners, at better wages. 

" A million dollars invested in iron and steel em- 
ploys nearly 500 people ; leather products 450, printing 
about the same, while the same amount invested in 
liquor employed only seventy-seven. 

" There is a building in Joplin, Mo., formerly used 
as a brewery. At the time twelve wage earners were 
employed. Today the same building houses a whole- 
sale grocery establishment employing eighty people. 
This is not an isolated case. Instances of this kind can 
be cited in practically every city in the country. 

" Labor is more stabilized in America than ever 
before, due to the fact that prohibition has brought 
working men to their senses. Employers throughout 
the middle wtM say labor turnover is smaller than 
ever before, and ascribe this to prohibition more than 
to any other factor."— Richard T. Jones, District Di- 
rector V. S. Employment Service, Minneapolis, Minn. 


During the first ten days of December nearly every- 
hody who is active in the temperance movement was 
in Washington. In the National Temperance Coun- 
cil are included representatives of nearly every tem- 
perance organization and they meet annually for con- 
ference. The National Legislative Conference com- 
posed of many of the same people, meets for discussion 
in order that there may be united action. The repre- 
sentatives of the temperance organizations with head- 
quarters in Washington meet at intervals to discuss 
legislative policies and our attitude toward the effort 
for law enforcement in order that there may not be 
conflict, There is a closer cooperation and more good- 
will than the general public realizes.— The Voice. 

" In ' Enemies of Youth ' is found a startling ar- 
raignment of certain evil influences in our present 
civilization." says the Adult Leader, issued by the 
Baptist Publication Society. 

"With almost brutal frankness, Mr. Pickett tells 
of vile and disgusting scenes in some recent novels, 
in many plays, and in movie films. He scores also 
the modern dance, the evils of prize fighting and 
gambling. If all these evils are as widespread and 
vicious as this book indicates, it is time that public- 
spirited people throughout the nation should be stirred 
to action." 

Order of the General Welfare Board, 315 E. Market 
St., Warsaw, Ind. Price 50 cents. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 2, 1926 


The Pastor's Challenge 

The Ore of the Child by the Church— Number 1 

Have you heard any discussions as to the outlook of 
the Church of the Brethren lately? What was the na- 
ture of those discussions?- Were they interested in 
special matters which Christ had so much at heart? 
Did the discussion center in " bad plights " or in pos- 
sible methods of procedure in the interest of better 
conditions? Were you discussing the growth of our 
denomination or was the time used in listing com- 

Teaching represents a supreme need of this genera- 
tion and it would certainly mean a great forward step 
if every pastor and every worker in the Church of the 
Brethren would resolve to confine most of the dis- 
cussions of the immediate future to this" great teach- 
ing idea. Our church should insist on centering her 
life in Christ the Master Teacher, and our one im- 
mediate objective should be to teach our people so 
carefully and so thoroughly the principles of Jesus 
that our denomination might speedily become a power- 
ful influence for the promotion of the kingdom of 
God in every corner and nook of our land. 

We have almost unanimously agreed that our de- 
nomination must have a strong pastoral program 
which shall virtually touch all of our promising areas of 
action, and we are unanimously agreed that the heart 
of such a program shall be a thoroughly constructive 
teaching campaign which shall center primarily in the 
principles of Jesus as applied to character and daily 
conduct. Certain aspects of this teaching program 
have been touched upon in a general way. We now 
come to the care of the child by the church. This dis- 
cussion brings us back to the very foundation work of 
the Christian church and should enable us to get a new 
vision of the great task which is facing us in this the 
most challenging age in the experience of the race. 
Certain background facts need to be appreciated to 
enter intelligently into the perplexing problems that 
are actually facing us. 

Let us divide the past into five periods and note 
certain very significant facts in each period as a means 
of approach to our present point of concern. First, let 
us turn to the Old Testament period and make two 
or three observations. What was the dominating in- 
fluence of this period and what was the heart of this 
influence? Teaching was the dominating influence of 
the Old Testament. The prophets were teachers, the 
priests were teachers, the wise men were teachers and 
every parent was urged to act as a teacher. God 
worked through a teaching program. The heart of this 
wonderful teaching program was religion. Religion 
was the first concern of God and he sought to make it 
the first concern of his various teaching agents. Re- 
ligion simply stated was a way of living which was to 
be carefully patterned after God's way of acting. The 
second period was that of the ministry of Christ. The 
dominating influence of this most remarkable period 
was a teaching influence in which the Son of God was 
the central character. He taught religion incessantly 
and always as a way of living. His first concern was 
conduct and this was always measured in terms of the 
conduct of the Father. The third period was that of 
the early Christian church. The disciples went about 
teaching, and without exception they taught religion 
which centered in the principles of Jesus. These prin- 
ciples were always interpreted in terms of daily con- 
duct. The fourth period to which you are directed for 
investigation is that of the early pioneer days of our 
loved America. Many have marveled as to the great- 
ness of the characters of those days and have ques- 
■ tioned as to the secret of this greatness of character 
and the greatness of the nation which has grown out of 
that period. There is but one secret. Our early fa- 
thers were facing a program of extermination in terms 
of ideals and convictions. They were thoroughly com- 
mitted to the idea of life and that in terms of Christian 

conduct. Teaching was the dominating influence of 
those early days and it is not necessary to stress the 
fact that it was a teaching of religion which placed 
Jesus Christ at its very center. The Bible was the 
only textbook and religion was their first and fore- 
most concern. In all of these periods the child was 
recognized as the very foundation stone in the struc- 
ture which was being erected. 

The fifth period needs a little more thought than the 
others — it really demands serious thought. It began in 
the early colonial days when teaching was of vital im- 
portance and religion was the heart of this teaching 
program. Nothing but the Bible was used in the 

(Continued on Page 10) 

Hints for the Pastor . i 


In Four Parts — Part Three 

What the Pastor Should Be 

The minister of the Gospel should be a man.. To 
be less is to bring disgrace and reproach upon his 
calling. It takes no more to save a minister than an- 
other, but he is watched more closely and so should 
live more carefully. He should be a man with his 
family, in business and in all the affairs of life. If, 
perchance, he owes a small sum but neglects to pay 
he hurts* the cause; and especially if the creditor is 
not a Christian. Such ■ negligence may bring almost 
irreparable loss. He should be able to take his place 
among men as a man. His conduct should always be 
such as " becometh godliness." 

It is splendid if the pastor can also be a teacher 
and leader. If he lacks these his work is retarded 
in a large measure. He should strive to develop in 
this line of ability. 

He should be a hard worker. Paul says : " Be able 
to endure hardness as a good soldier of Jesus Christ." 
If any one is looking for a soft snap let him keep out 
of the ministry. He who would do all the calling, 
studying, solving of problems and other work that 
is allotted to the pastor will find nothing less than 
good hard work that will tax body and mind. No 
one has time quite so much at his command as the 
pastor. He can work as hard as he will or loaf on the 
job. The loafers soon lose out while the hard worker 

Paul admonishes that the pastor should not be en- 
tangled, for no soldier on duty " entangleth himself 
with the affairs of this life." Many pastors fail be- 
cause they try to mix money-making with pastoral 
work. It is not wrong for the pastor to look forward 
to the " rainy day," but to try to make his calling a 
mercenary one is to fail. Neither is it wrong for the 
pastor to lay by a small sum in an investment or to 
buy a few acres of land. Some are afraid it will spoil 
him. It might, but which is worse, for the pastor to 
have a small income from an investment or to lie 
awake nights wondering how he will meet an obli- 
gation because the church does not give sufficient re- 
muneration or is behind with two or three months' 
salary? Which involves the more entanglement? The 
church should bear her full share of the responsibility. 

The pastor must also be in earnest. The church 
must, certainly be inspired of God or it would have 
failed because of lack of earnestness on the part of 
the ministry. A little boy on being reproved by his 
father, said : " Do you mean it, or are you preach- 
ing? " A minister once asked a lawyer why he could 
win while his own message was not convincing. The 
lawyer aptly replied : " I tell a lie as though it were 
the truth, and you tell the truth as though it were 
a lie." 

Raisin City, Calif. 

Fearing and Fleeing 

" Jonah feared the Lord and rose up to flee " (Jonah 
1 : 9, 3). 

Now isn't that strange 1 What a combination — fear- 
ing and fleeing ; feared the Lord yet fled from his 
presence ; loved him but- refused to obey him ; con- 
fessed him but shirked his duty. What distressing, 

conflicting emotions must have torn the heart of this 
vacillating prophet of old! He was on the teeter 
board ; up and down, back and forth, which should 
it be, stay or go, follow or flee? And later he justi- 
fied himself by saying that he knew God was gra- 
cious, so he fled. The duty and call were too great, 
the burden and responsibility were too heavy, and so 
he fled. 

Jonah is not the only one in whom this strange mix- 
ture and combination has been found. Many a heart 
has had the same conflict, has stood in fear and loved 
the Lord, yet hesitated before the call of God. Many 
have had a vision of God that brought fear, but no 
vision of his enabling grace, unfailing strength, and 
his promise, " Lo, I am with thee, and will not fail 
thee," and "As thy day so thy strength shall be." 

How many have feared the Lord, heard his call to 
the ministry and have fled ! Or how many hearing his 
call to the foreign field, to home mission work, to 
give systematically, to confession, to humiliation or to . 
restitution, have fled! Oh, ye fleers, what a crowd, 
and what disappointment you are sure to meet ! What 
entanglements will be yours; what a mass of weeds 
(not crowns) you will get around your head! Be 
careful; there are still billows and waters and depths 
that overwhelm the fearing, fleeing soul. You had 
better come back. If our eyes could be opened what a 
host of fleeing, running, scampering folks we would 
behold! Look at their faces! Oh, no, they are not 
beaming with joy, rather they are strained and drawn. 
Can't you pick them out in the congregation? Cer- 
tainly ! Yes, we have heard them faintly say "Amen," 
and try to get " blessed," but the " weeds " — the 
" weeds "—and there is such a difference between 
" weeds " and the beautiful flowers of grace that adorn 
some brows. It is hard to make a " weed " look like 
a flower. 

Where are they going? No, they are not going; 
they are fleeing, they are getting away. Vacillating, 
halting, hesitating, fleeing heart— come back, there is 
loss and failure and bitter disappointment in flight. 

Which do you want, weeds or flowers of grace with 
crowns of glory? 

God said "Arise and go," Jonah arose and fled. 
Which are you, a " goer " or a " fleer"? 

Milford, Nebr. 

1 m ■ 

Bits of Brotherliness 

" Do Your Bit " as a Hero of Peace 

While it is interesting to discover that Germany 
didn't start the war after all, fixing the blame on Rus- 
sia and France isn't nearly so important as the fact 
that humanity in general, you and I in particular, 
were really at fault. For in the last analysis war is 
supported and promoted by the people of the world; 
knowingly by some, by others unconsciously. When- 
ever we allow a conflict of interests in our private 
lives to cause friction, or whenever we lose an op- 
portunity to prevent a destructive clash of personali- 
ties, we are in just so far promoting war. Whenever 
we add to the world's supply of love, we are apostles 
and heroes of peace. 

The slogan, " Do your bit," got very positive, prac- 
tical results during the war. Why not work as zeal- 
ously now to find little ways of working for peace? 
The habit of war will not be uprooted by passing a few 
laws ; it's going to be a slow, tedious process. A few 
great leaders can not do it. Our intellectual and emo- 
tional natures must change to erase the basis of physi- 
cal conflict. 

Brotherliness and war cannot live together ; the lat- 
ter is selfish, the former altruistic. In our business re- 
lations, in school life, on the farm, in the local church 
we can " Do our bit " of brotherliness by simply be- 
ing helpful, kind and friendly. 

" I was thirsty, and ye gave me to drink " ; and such 
a simple thing it is to give a glass of water ! Run 
down the list of acts mentioned by the Master in his 
" Inasmuch " talk. The Brethren have been noted 
for their brotherliness. Let's share it! Now is the 
time, if ever, when the world needs it ! 
Brooklyn, N. Y. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 2, 1926 


Peace in the Home 

A little path to a Httle gate, 

A shout of glee where the children wait ; 

A simple meal when the day is done, 

Good appetites when the food comes on, 

With love to rule at the table fair, 

Oh, what excelleth this anywhere? 

Count your riches and boast your fame 
But more than these you can never claim: 
"The, faith and love of the little few 
Who watch and wait at the dusk for you, 
If your home be glad at the long day's close, 
You have all that any man ever knows. 

If peace be yours when the shadows fall 

They can have no more in a marble hall, 

And a king by his queen is never met 

With a warmer welcome than that you get, 

And the kiss she gives when you come from town 

Would be the same if she wore a crown. 

For whether you're rich or whether you're great 

Doesn't matter at all where the children wait; 

If love be there when the day is spent 

And you sit down to your meal xontent, 

If there's joy in your home, then while you live, 

You have all that this life on earth can give. 

— Edgar A. Guest. 

Let Us Try 


Now and then one hears the complaint that our 
young folks never pick up the church papers. There 
must be a reason for it since they will read other 
papers, magazines and various periodicals that come 
to hand. It may be that we who are older forget a 
bit, we may be taking the church paper as a mere 
sheet gotten out because it is the custom to do so. 
Can we not use our imaginations a bit and see that 
the sheet of paper is something far better? Off in 
the East an aged grandmother is eagerly scanning the 
lines, to the South a veteran gospel statesman carefully 
reads its pages, off to the North a rosy cheeked busy 
mother as she sits with her babe in arms turns one 
page after the other — and out West a hustling teacher 
searches for inspiration. These readers multiplied by 
hundreds present to us the picture of men and women 
eager to know of the advancement of the Kingdom. 
Does it not mean more to us? 

Since early childhood I have been accustomed to 
reading church papers, and I feel as if I knew ever 
so many whom I shall never meet face to face upon 
this earth. But I rejoice in the words they have writ- 
ten and many a word has come to me when most 
needed. I have heard it said of my father's mother 
that she would prop up a church paper and read 
while she was doing the churning. I guess I have 
inherited a passion for reading for the other members 
of the household declare I would rather read than eat 1 
Then for my first suggestion I would say, Let the 
church paper occupy the chief position among your 
papers. Invite your young folks to discuss with you 
the relative merits of an article in the current num- 
ber — discuss how two writers seem at variance until 
you get down to rock-bottom and discern the same 
thought underlying both articles. Discuss with them 
as to agreement or disagreeing with what you have 

It has not been my privilege to attend many Annual 
Conferences but somehow I have always met different 
people at each one, folks who have been a joy to know. 
And my daughters will say : " See here is an article by 
so and so, did you ever meet him, mother?" If I 
have, then there is an opportunity to tell of- some cir- 

I ran across a query sent in by my grandfather con- 
cerning some Biblical meaning. There were other 
things of peculiar interest ; then my high school fresh- 
man daughter was going over the list of deaths — so 
many that year died off by entire families — when 
suddenly she exclaimed, " Oh mother, doesn't this 
remind you of all the baby graves we saw in the little 
cemetery out in the Marmon Valley?" Sure enough 
it did, and it made us remember that it was directly 
after the Civil War in days of readjustment when 
ravages of disease swept the country. It brought to 
our minds the peace principle for which our church 
is contending. 

It is true that we are living in a busy time, but 
after all some one has said we always find time to 
do the thing we want to do. If that is the case, and 
we really want our young folks to read our church 
papers, we will go about it to find the best way to 
induce them to do so. 

If we would forget the mistakes of the past and 
look ahead with courageous faith we will accomplish 
much. We will help our young folks to peep behind 
the editorial end of it to see the patience it takes, the 
kindness exerted, the giving of strength to present 
to us a readable sheet. Then we will feel like getting 
down upon our knees and thanking our heavenly 
Father for the means he has given to us to know of 
the progress made by his children everywhere. May 
the Lord bless the Gospel Messenger. 
Old Fort, Ohio. 

of disease 

Jesus the Healer 

" The Lord hath appointed me to preach good tidings 
unto the meek; he hath sent me to bind up the broken- 
hearted, to proclaim liberty to the captives, and the open- 
ing of the prison to them that are bound" (Isa. 61:1). 

" The blind see, the lame walk, the lepers are cleansed, 
the deaf hear, the dead are raised, to the poor the gospel 
is preached" (Luke 7:22). 

" And Jesus went about alt Galilee, teaching in the syna- 
gogues, and preaching the gospel of the kingdom 
healing all manner of sickness and all manne 
among the people" (Matt. 4:23.) 

These passages state the mission of Jesus and tell 
how it was fulfilled. Jesus came to heal his people of 
sin, wrong thinking and bodily ills. He came that men 
might be perfect in every way. For ages men have laid 
too much stress upon the healing of sickness, as if 
that were the chief mission of Jesus. As a matter of 
fact many people still hold to that error. Lately a 
great many conservative folks have swung to the 
other extreme claiming that healing does not belong 
to Christian service and that it was only an incident 
in the ^career of the Master. For generations Chris- 
tians have endured pain heroically, believing that ill- 
ness was sent by God to bring about a higher develop- 
ment of character. True, patient endurance of suffer- 
ing does bring out very noble traits, but should we 
conclude from this that God willed for men to bear 
pain ? 

Consider a moment. In the Bible we read much of 
sickness and chronic disease, but where do we read 
that Jesus had a headache or any other disorder, great 
or small? Nor can we find that any apostle, nor for 
that matter any prophet, was ill. If sickness is a 
-means of grace surely these godly men would have 
been given the benefit of it. The laws laid down for 
the Jew are in many cases hygienic. The teachings of 
Jesus, if strictly followed, would give us healthy bod- 
ies. Long'before we heard of psychology, he taught 
men not to worry. He bade them be temperate and 
to live simply. Likewise he showed the dignity of la- 
bor, the harm of evil thinking, and the duty of being 
loving. It is evident he meant people to be well and 

can testify to the efficacy of this cure. Now ever so 
many of the churches practice divine healing with 
wonderful results. Sometimes I think our people 
have grown lax in obeying this command, and that too 
many have a very weak faith in it. There are doubt- 
ers even among our clergy. Yet these unbelievers are 
quite indignant when other folks steal our fire and per- 
form cures. 

A woman of our church had a curious experience in 
the matter of anuinting. She .was ill of nervous ex- 
haustion and desired to be anointed. She went to the 
house of her pastor to request it. He was out so she 
broached the subject to his landlady, who was one 
of his church people. The woman looked amazed at 
the idea. 

"Don't you practice anointing in this church?" 
asked the sick woman. 

" Once in a long while if they want to save some 
one the doctor has given up to die," was the answer. 
The woman was convinced that the help was of- 
fered to iniv sick, not just the dying. She spoke of 
her desire that afternoon to a woman prominent in 
church work. 

" It won't do any harm," said this woman. 
By this time the sick woman had decided that her 
church was too weak in the faith to help her. She 
next tried her mother's church. 

" I wouldn't do that," her mother protested, " ev- 
erybody will be talking about you." 

The daughter felt that her health was more impor- 
tant than other folks' opinion, so she asked for the 
ceremony to be performed. 

" It's all right," said her best friend doubtfully, " if 
you have faith enough." 

She was fortunate in finding Christians of very 
strong faith to anoint her, and is now well and happy. 
• Let us abandon the idea that one must be sick unto 
death to be anointed. Personally I hope that the day 
will come when at intervals this ceremony will be of- 
fered and given in a quiet manner to all members of 
the church who feel the need of healing of body or 

Long Beach, Calif. 

,, uieri mere is <m uup^i mini; >-^ ..*-.. — — - •- . , , . 

cumstance regarding that person and my daughters happy. He says that he came that we m.ght have ful 

& ° ■ , r • _. xt_ r-u-;,..,.,-, ^n„ barh^r fear nr anppi 

feel acquainted also. Learn also to connect up special 
articles with certain events. It may be that some- 
thing in a given article brings to your mind a bit of 
reminiscence; if so, share it with your young folks. 
For illustration, we had a program on the early his- 
tory of our church papers, and one member of our 
church handed to me for perusal the copies of the 
Gospel Visitor for 1866. While looking them over 

ness of joy. No Christian can harbor fear or anger 

He knew that we would be too weak to live perfect 
lives so he left a remedy for our problems and our mal- 
adies. When we are sick, or distressed, or burdened 
by sin, we are to come to God in prayer for healing. 

For many years our brethren practiced anointing 
for forgiveness of sins and healing. Many live who 

Cigarette Advertising 


There is a phase of the cigarette problem which I 
have heard little said about in the fight that is being 
waged against this life-blighting evil — that is the ad- 

In traveling about one can not escape a realization 
of the force and impression of it. Its power and in- 
fluence can not be measured. For it evidently brings 
returns for the millions spent on it. It is no hit or 
miss affair but the highest development of the ad- 
vertising art, based on the psychology of human na- 

It is always in the most conspicuous and best lighted 
places. It is seductive yet bold and attention arrest- 
ing, and contains short, terse phrases that stick in the 

It contains no pictures of boys sneaking in alleys to 
smoke, or of young men whose brains and nerves have 
become so unsteady and stupefied by its poison that 
they are only good for loafing. Instead, its illustra- 
tions are of prosperous-looking business men. men of 
affairs and judgment. Cigarette advertising also 
suggests the keenest enjoyment, and is striking in its 
suggestions of cleanness and respectability. Often it 
shows a young woman in company with a young man 
using a cigarette and looking as if she were proud and 
pleased with the dignity and standing it seemed to 
give him. Truly there must be a harvest from such 

To attack this poison-tipped arrow of Satan's, which 
is destroying women as well as men, may seem like a 
hopeless undertaking. But that does not excuse us 
from making the effort. The leaven of the Christian 
faith when put to work has overcome just as great and 
as difficult " mountains " in the past and can do so 
again. Its mustard seed size is not the measure of its 
power if allowed to function. 

Philadelphia, Pa. ~ 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January, 2, 1926 


Calendar for Sunday, January 3 

Sunday-school Lesson, The Son of God Becomes Man. 
—John 1 : 1-5, 10-18. 

Christian Workers' Meeting, If Marco Polo Should 
Come Back.— Acts 4:5-12; John 12:44-46. 

* * * * 
Gains for the Kingdom 

Two baptisms in the Salem church, Kans. 

One baptism in the Walton church, Ind. 

Two baptisms in the Rockford church, 111. 

One baptism in the Ellison church, N. Dak. 

One baptism in the Sweetwater Valley -church, Tenn. 

Nine baptisms in the Hutchinson church, and five in 
the Pleasant View, Kans. 

Ten baptisms in the Bethany church, Philadelphia, Bro. 
S. G. Greyer, the pastor, evangelist. 

Three additions to the Ridgely church, Md., Bro. E. E. 
Blough, of Manassas, Va., evangelist. 

Two baptisms in the Lititz church, Pa., Bro. W. K. 
Conner, of Harrisburg, Pa., evangelist. 

Six baptisms in the Topeka church, Kans., Bro. O. H. 
Feiler, of McPherson, Kans., evangelist. 

Eight baptisms in the West Charleston church, Ohio, 
Bio. Ray Shank, the pastor, in charge. 

Five baptisms in the Middletown church, Ohio, Bro. 
Roy Teach, of Huntington, Ind., evangelist. 

Three baptisms in the Raisin City church, Calif., Bro. 
C. Ernest Davis, of Patterson, Calif., evangelist. 

Seven baptisms in the West Nimishillen church, Ohio, 
Bro. J. W. Fidler, of Brookville, Ohio, evangelist. 

Two decisions for Christ at the Pike Creek house. 
Monticello church, Ind., Bro. Roy Teach, of Huntington, 
Ind., evangelist. * ^ *" * 

Our Evangelists 

Will you share the burden which theae laborers carry? Will you 
pray for the success of these meetings? 

Bro. L. R. Holsinger, of Martinsburg, Pa., to begin Jan. 
3 in the Riddlesburg church, Pa. 

Bro. Rufus Bucher, of Quarryville, Pa., to begin Jan. 
24 in the Brookville church, Ohio. 

Bro, Wm, L. Hatcher, the pastor, to begin Jan. 10 in 
the Coal Creek church, Canton house, 111. 

Bro. O. H. Austin and wife, of McPherson, Kans., 
to begin Jan. 3 in the Hollidaysburg church, Pa. 

* * * * 

Personal Mention 

Bro. D. P. Miller and wife, of Kinross, Iowa, gave the 
"Messenger" rooms a brief call last Monday morning. 

Brethren Otho Winger and R. H. Miller are delegates 
to Standing Committee for the 1926 Conference from the 
District' of Middle Indiana. Brethren I. B. Book and 
V. F. Schwalm are alternates. 

At this writing Bro. Edward Frantz is continuing to 
make steady progress toward recovery. We are sure 
that the "Messenger" family will find in this abundant 
reasons for profound gratitude. 

Bro. Wm. E. Thompson, pastor of the Polo church, 
is in a position to conduct one or two revival meetings, 
preferably during the summer vacation. Churches desir- 
ing the services of Bro. Thompson should address him at 
406 Congress St., Polo, 111. 

Eld. W. Q. Calvert, of La Verne, Calif., formerly active 
in the ministry in Southern Ohio, but with the exception 
of three years spent in Illinois, a resident of California 
since 1901, passed on to his reward Dec. 16. We trust we 
shall be able to give an account of his life and labors 
in the near future. 

Bro. J. Edwin Jarboe and wife, according to a telegram 
received as we go to press, are in the hospital as the re- 
sult of an automobile accident due to icy roads. Both 
are reported to be resting easy, and their condition not 
necessarily serious, yet they desire to be remembered by 
their many friends. 

Sorrow came to the home of Brother and Sister H. H. 
Nye on Dec. 22 when their little daughter, Ethel Kath- 
ryne, succumbed to bronchial pneumonia. Reassuring 
telegrams received by Bro. Nye while attending the 
recent General Mission Board Meeting had seemed to give 
promise of her recovery. 

Dr. Charles Albert Blanchard. for fifty years president 
of Wheaton College, Wheaton, III., and very widely 
known to our people as an author and speaker, died of 
heart failure on Dec. 21. Dr. Blanchard was a useful 
man in many fields and as a young man belonged to the 
staff of D. L. Moody. But as president of a college his 
main interest was Christian education in general and 
Wheaton College in particular. 

Miscellaneous Items 

All friends of Bridgewater College will rejoice to hear 
that it was recently admitted to full membership in the 
Southern Educational Association. This means that the 
high standard of work done at Bridgewater is now 
given deserved recognition in the general educational 

January, February and March will be mission study 
months in the adult, young people's and junior divisions of 
the Christian Workers' Society. If you feel the need of 
more information about plans for these months write the 
General Mission Board, Elgin, III., for the Mission Study 

Congregations that pound their pastors with groceries 
or cash gifts may be interested to know just how it af- 
fects a preacher. One who recently passed through such 
an experience writes: "While we very much appreciate 
the splendid spirit which prompted the giving we feel 
that we are under renewed obligations to render the very 
best service possible." It looks like a pastor is a good 
deal like a horse— the better the care given the more 
work one may expect. 

Our New Year's Wish 

Gentle Reader, you are looking at the 
first issue of the " Messenger " for 1 926. 
This is Number 1 of Volume 75. 

Although it is a bit late, this is our 
first chance to wish you a Happy New 
Year and the choicest of God's blessings 
for the year 1926. 

We especially wish that the season's 
gladness may go with you through the 
months to come. Wouldn't it be fine if 
the New Year's spirit could last until 
January, 1927! 

If your subscription is about to expire 
send us your name, address and two dollars; 
we will do our best to send you a helpful, 
hopeful message each week. We want 
you to get the other fifty-one issues for 

Elgin, III. 

" We feel glad that our small church could contribute 
something toward the spread of the Gospel. These of- 
ferings were made possible because of the growth of the 
missionary spirit among our members. For example, one 
girl did without a new coat, and one family decided to 
give the price of a Thanksgiving turkey." This state- 
ment comes from the correspondent of a church down in 
Maryland. Here's hoping that such a missionary spirit 
spreads far beyond the bounds of the Old Line State. 

We appreciate the compliment when a correspondent 
trusts all to our omniscience (?) and scratches gaily 
along spelling the same name two or three different ways 
on the same page. Of course, we have ways of checking 
up and making corrections — which we sometimes later dis- 
cover are not correct. At the present wri^jng we have 
compliments enough on hand to last for several months 
and would be glad to trade off our surplus at about five 
cents on the dollar for a little more care in spelling — 
especially in the matter of names and places. 

»,. »j« •;. .». 

A Bystander's Notes 

How can we make education minister to peace? Here 

is a good statement of some of the possibilities that history 
teachers should consider: "It is possible to change edu- 
cation as is exists today so that it will be a more effective 
influence for world peace. To this end there must be, 
first of all, a different teaching of history. The minds 
of the young should no longer be filled with the idea 
that the chief glory of the past has been warfare. As 
long as great soldiers are held up as the heroes of his- 
tory the young will be filled with admiration for them. 
Such admiration is the source of imitation. Thus the 
youth are prepared in spirit to mobilize when the sum- 
mons sounds for war, In the teaching of history emphasis 
should be placed upon the evils and miseries which war 
has brought upon men. It ought to be shown as the 
means by which tyrants and oligarchs have flourished 
at the expense of the multitudes of men. It is possible to 
prepare textbooks in history suitable to all the grades 
from primary through university in which the case against 
war will be cumulatively set forth — and without any con- 
cealment of facts. The errors in the teaching of history 
which have been favorable to the maintenance of the 

war system have been not with reference to facts, but 
to the interpretation of facts. It is possible so to teach 
history as to create in the -young a great aversion to 
war. It is useless to expect that the war spirit will die 
out as long as the rising generations are taught that 
the splendor of the past has streamed from battlefields. 
In place of exacting warriors in the esteem of the young, 
there should be held up before them for their emulation 
the religious leaders, the writers, the scientists, the states- 
men, the pioneers, the farmers, the captains of industry, 
and the laborers. Teachers of history should also call 
frequent attention to the fact that history tells of the 
decrease of war as time goes on. War at first was the 
vocation of man, but it tends to become with the passage 
of time his avocation ; in ancient times war was the 
rule and peace the exception; in modern times peace is 
the rule and war the exception. There is evidence from 
the past that intelligent and determined efforts to abolish 
war can be successful." 

t 4 * * 

In the " Messenger " Twenty Years Ago 

Bro. L. H. Eby conducted a very successful revival in 
the Roann church, Ind. There were twenty accessions 
by confession and baptism, with another applicant await- 
ing the introductory rite. One was restored to fellowship. 

A number of our correspondents report "No acces- 
sions" during the revival meetings held in their congre- 
gations. This may seem discouraging, but it should not 
always be so considered. It is good to work for the sav- 
ing of souls, but that need not necessarily be the primary 
purpose of a protracted meeting. Sometimes the members 
need a spiritual revival. Now and then a whole church 
needs to be thoroughly indoctrinated. Then along various 
lines the members may need instruction as well as some 
encouragement. Hence a revival may be of great value 
though no one may be added to the church. 

After reading the "Messenger" the members at Ellison, 
N. Dak., send their papers, neatly folded, to the State 
penitentiary, Bismarck, N. Dak. Bro. A. J. Blough, who 
looks after the gathering and sending the papers, received 
a very nice letter from the warden, informing him that 
good reading matter was thoroughly appreciated by the 
inmates. He also thanked Bro. Blough for the copies 
of the "Messenger" that he had been forwarding. The 
members bring their papers to church, there they are col- 
lected, neatly arranged and sent on their further mission 
of usefulness. This is one way of preaching the Gospel 
to those who are in prison. 

The very encouraging number of young people coming 
to the church should be credited largely to the Sunday- 
school work among us. For some years we have been 
reaping the fruits of the Sunday-schools, and in the years 
to come we are to see still greater results. In the Brother- 
hood we have not far from one thousand Sunday-schools 
using the Brethren literature and being controlled by 
members. More than five thousand members are engaged 
in teaching, and some of these teachers are training their 
pupils for Christ and his Kingdom. They get the hearts of 
the young people ready for the preached Word, then 
when a revival is held they are in a condition to be in- 
fluenced aright and come to the church. We look upon 
the minister as the means, in the hands of God, of leading 
scores to Christ. In a measure this may be correct, but 
behind it all there are a number of earnest Sunday-school 
teachers who, by their persistent and prayerful efforts, 
have made the success of the minister possible". , 

4* <$* *j. 4» 

Gish Books Numbers 107-113 

By J. E. Miller, Secretary Gish Fund Committee 

Last spring our ministers were informed that books 
Nos. 107 to 113 had been placed on the Gish list. A num- 
ber have been ordering these books, but how about you? 
Have you secured your copies? 

No. 108, " One Volume Bible Commentary," will cost 
you 65 cents. No. 109, "The Minister's Everyday Life," 
may be had for 40 cents. No. 110, "The Highest Office," 
is priced at 45 cents. No. Ill, "Visitation Evangelism," 
goes to our ministers for 30 cents. No. 112, "Devotional 
Leadership," will be sent for 30 cents. No. 113, "Reality 
in Religion," is a good little book which you can have 
for only 25 cents. 

Books Nos. 10S to 111 may be had by all of our minis- 
ters who order them. I now speak of No. 107, " Report 
of the Washington Missionary Conference," which comes 
to our ministers for 55 cents. The Gish Fund Committee 
secured two hundred and fifty copies of this volume. 
After this supply is exhausted we will not be able to get 
other copies. Orders will be filled in the order in which 
they reach the Brethren Publishing House so long as 
the supply lasts. After our present supply is exhausted 
we know of no way in which we can secure copies for 

You have had announcement of these volumes and you 
will find them listed in the new Yearbook. Your atten- 
tion is called to them now so that you may secure them 
for your winter's study in case you have not yet don? 

Elgin, 111. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 2, 1926 



Man's Wonderful Brain 

ost marvelous organ of the human body is the 

brain. It is said to be less subject to disease than the rest 
of the body; also that it is very difficult to exhaust the 
brain by intellectual work provided the other organs of 
the body are in a healthy condition. The brain does its 
■work on a very small amount of sustenance. Sir Arthur 
Keith is cited as authority for the statement that there is 
energy enough in an ounce of sugar to produce one of 
Shakespeare's plays provided the energy from such an 
amount of sugar could be used to sustain a mind as great 
as the bard of Avon's. 

Stretching Our Rubber Supply 

It seems there are ways in which we can economize and 
so stretch our rubber supply that the price increases of 
recent" years may in part be offset. Rubber and automo- 
bile manufacturers are behind a nation wide campaign to 
secure the better utilization of rubber. Regarding the 
plan Secretary Hoover has said: "We can reduce our 
consumption of rubber by 25 per cent without decreasing 
the use of our cars a single mile if we simply repair our 
tires in time and use them carefully. We ask for no self- 
denial; we simply want better use. Our tires are like 
■clothes — a patch in time saves nine. The manufacturing 
industries will distribute information and instruction on 
better use and will see that repair facilities are-provided 


A By-Product of Locarno 
'Sir Samuel Hoare, head of the British air ministry, 
stated in a recent speech that Great Britain will postpone 
fulfillment of her present defense program in view of 
the improvement in the European outlook due to the sign- 
ing of the Locarno Treaty. It seems England is making a 
definite bid toward calling off the race in air armaments. 
Another by-product of the Locarno Treaty is the dis- 
position Spain is showing. The Spanish government is 
trying to get on the band wagon to the tune of a few 
arbitration and conciliation treaties similar to those drawn 
at Locarno. As soon as she can consummate treaties 
with France, Italy, Germany and England she will en- 
deavor to negotiate similar treaties with South American 
countries. One js certainly glad to see that nothing suc- 
ceeds like success when it comes to such a fortunate 
step as the Locarno Treaty. 

The White Man'i Civilization 
Battling Siki, fresh from the primeval frontiers of 
Senegal, found the white man's civilization full of paradox 
and mystery. He never quite got the drift. Early in life 
he was shunted off to the white man's wars in Europe 
and urged lo exercise his primitive instinct to kill— espe- 
cially men in certain colored uniforms. Then Siki took 
a turn at white men's sports and made for himself a name 
in the prize fighter's ring. Not long since his short and 
hectic life came to a close in one of the rotten spots 
of America. The simple savage who never quite solved the 
riddle of civilization was shot in the back by some un- 
known assassin and buried as the civilized man disposes 
of his dead. Just another story of how the white man's 
civilization proves fatal to the savage? — yes, and more. 
It is just because most so-called civilized peoples have 
so much in common with Siki, that civilization remains a 
mystery and a paradox. It is only as the ideals of Christ 
supplant tendencies to selfishness and greed that civiliza- 
tion shall become something more than a tower of Babel 
rising but to fall by its own weight. Industry, politics, 
and our social organization are cursed with too many 
Battling Sikis, white of skin and clothed as civilized men 
to be sure, but inwardly as simple and savage as the poor 
negro whom the French brought from Senegal. 

An Alienist on the Movie Fed Mind 

Dr. Sanger Brown II, chairman of the New York State 
commission on mental defectives, expressed himself as 
follows on the movie fed mind: " Moving pictures are 
undoubtedly the easier conceivable manner of register- 
ing impressions upon the mind," said the specialist. "To 
go and sit for hours upon end watching a procession of 
visual images that are poured into the brain, certainly 
is the equivalent of bringing up a spoon fed mind. The 
exercise that a mind gets in making its own associations — 
for instance summoning up its own visual images to illus- 
trate stories read in books— is lost. I should say that con- 
tinual attendance at the movies might make just the dif- 
ference in a normal individual between a good mind and 
a very mediocre one, or an average mind and a poor one. 
When we begin to consider the effect of continual attend- 
ance at the movie on the abnormal or subnormal mind, 
the consequences may be far more serious. It seems quite 
possible that some of the otherwise inexplicable crimes 
of the mentally weak have been committed as a result 
of things suggested on the screen." 

Religious Minorities in Europe 

According to reliable reports the lot of religious minori- 
ties in Europe, and particularly in Roumania, is indeed a 
trying one. Thus one authority states: "In every coun- 
try that I visited I found pastors who were trying to 
eke out support by working in vineyards, fields, forests 
and mines, since their stipends were not more than the 
equivalent of ten dollars a month. Superannuated pastors, 
formerly receiving a moderate but reasonable pension, 
are now reduced to the necessity of existing on an annuity 
of twenty-five dollars. Widows, entirely dependent, get 
only half that sum. Orphanages, deaconesses' homes, 
schools and seminaries are in dire need of repair. In many 
instances the buildings are both unsanitary and unsafe." 
Regarding the remedy the same writer says: "Whatever 
warrant there may be for the charge of itredentism and 
disloyalty brought against these subject peoples, it still 
is evident to those who have studied carefully and with 
open mind the social, economic and religious conditions 
of minorities in Roumania, that the policy of the govern- 
ment towards them should be held up to the reprobation 
of the civilized people of the world. Here we have a 
running sore that will be kept open so long as enlightened 
public opinion shall refuse to face the facts and apply the 
necessary remedy. The League of Nations may discover 
the expedient which shall bring palliation at least, per- 
haps a radical cure." 

An Eight Million Dollar Lecture 
"Acres of Diamonds," Russell H. Conwell's famous 
inspirational lecture, brought at least eight million dollars 
to its author. Thousands of times he delivered this best 
known of all lyceum lectures and on the occasion of its 
five thousandth delivery it is said the provost of the Uni- 
versity of Pennsylvania was present to give Dr. Conwell 
a loving cup; the governor to add a key of solid gold, 
representing the State's freedom ; while five thousand 
friends from all parts of the country had placed their 
names in a specially bound autograph album. The lecture 
itself, as the writer recalls having somewhere read Dr. 
Conwell's own story of it, was more a happy inspiration 
than a studied work of art. The secret of its popularity 
evidently lay in the fact that it was just the sort of 
helpful message most people need, but even more be- 
cause the burden of the lecture was told in such a simple 
and facetious way. Another factor not to be overlooked, 
was the use to which Dr. Conwell put the earnings from 
his lecture. In a very concrete way he used them to 
prove the underlying truth of his message in "Acres of 
Diamonds." From discouraging beginnings he built both a 
university and a great church. And though the physical 
voice of Dr. Conwell is now forever stilled in death his 
was a work and a message that will carry on through 
the years to come. This Is one case in which the good 
that a man has done will not be interred with his bones, 


Air Transportation 

A map showing the flying routes of the world which 
came to hand a few weeks ago shows how astonishing 
has been the advancement of air transportation throughout 
the world. Regarding the development of the flying sys- 
tems of Europe the following may be of interest: "Flying 
organizations and systems exist in most of the important 
countries of Europe. The large number of airplanes left 
in the hands of the respective governments at the close 
of the war and the presence among their people of the 
large number of men expert in the management of these 
machines suggested the feasibility of their utilization in 
the establishment of systems for the quick, transporta- 
tion of mails, merchandise and men, and the respective 
governments owning the machines not required for mili- 
tary purposes made liberal terms for their use in this 
manner just as the earlier systems of steamships and 
railways had been aided by governmental appropriations. 
The great flying centers'of Europe from which lines radi- 
ate to other parts of the world are London, Paris and 
Berlin. The British lines lead chiefly to southern Europe, 
making their first connection at Paris and thence east- 
ward to Constantinople, and Angora in Asia Minor; 
also to Cairo, Egypt, and thence to Araq and Bagdad, 
from which lines are planned to follow the Mesopotamia 
Valley to the western coast cities of India, from which 
' flying connections will be made with the already estab- 
lished air systems of Australia. The French lines, which 
radiate from Paris, extend northward to Great Britain, 
Belgium and the Netherlands, and southward from Paris 
to the French colonies in western Africa, the southern- 
most point being nearly opposite the mouth of the Amazon 
in South America, which it is hoped may be reached by 
seaplanes in a much less time than that now required 
by the swiftest steamer. . . . The flying system of 
Germany, in which the size, speed and air capacity of 
its airplanes were restricted by the 'Nine Rules' estab- 
lished by the Versailles Treaty, finds a means of connection 
with those of other countries by the extension of its lines 
to Amsterdam, which in turn is reached by the systems 
of other countries. Meantime, very strong German com- 
panies for the manufacture and operation of flying ma- 
chines were established in Germany with a considerable 
number of factories in that country and with branches 
in adjacent countries, notably the Scandinavian states, 
Poland and Russia; flying in all its details was taught in, 


Psalm 37: 1-9 

For Week Beginning January 10 

I. THE INFLUENCE OF HOME (Gen. 25:28-34 and 
27: 1-46). 

The childhood experiences in this home cast their lights 
and shades over the entire lives of the two brothers — 
and beyond 1 Who can read of the aged Jacob, deceived 
into the bitterest grief, by the blood-stained coat of many 
colors, and not recall the fake venison, or of Esau's rage 
and desire to kill his fleeing brother, and not recall that 
" Isaac loved Esau, but Rebekah loved Jacob." Jacob's 
manhood is but his childhood enacted upon a larger stage. 
The marks of his home life are everywhere observable. 

Modern means of communication, transportation and 
entertainment have made impossible the old physical 
safeguards against evil. Our only recourse now is the 
inner, spiritual safeguard. No agency can build this up 
as the home. Is it not occasion for concern, that at the 
very time that the home is the chief bulwark of righteous- 
ness, it should be so ruthlessly invaded by distracting 
interests? Let us give more attention to our homes. If 
our religion cannot set things right there, there is no use 
to take it out-of-doors 1 

II. LEAVING HOME (Gen. 28: 10-22). 

Jacob fled for his life. He left behind him a grief- 
stricken father and mother, and an enraged brother, 
bereft of his victim. He was alone.' He was afraid. He 
was guilty. But the picture is not all dark. Jacob actu- 
ally takes account of God in making his life plans. He 
does this in a most definite and practical way. "If God 
will be with me, and keep me in this way that I go, and 
will give me bread to eat and raiment to put on, so that 
I come 'again to my father's house in peace; then shall 
the Lord be my God; and this stone, which I have set 
for a pillar, shall be God's house: and of all that thou 
shalt give me, I will surely give the tenth unto thee." 
One can make no better start in life than to thus tie 
his fortune to God (Dan. 1:8; 6:10). 

III. BECAUSE OF UNBELIEF (Gen. 25: 23 and 32: 1-12). 
Why must Jacob, destined to be greater and stronger 

than Esau, now flee from him and now bow down in 
the dust before him? "Because of unbelief!* God had 
promised him the birthright. But Jacob wants to make 
sure oi it. He will help God to keep his promise I And 
behold the result of his devices: he keeps out of his own 
life the very blessing that God wants to bring into itl 
God had said: "The elder shall serve the younger." 
But so long as Jacob tried to establish this relationship 
by bribes and trickery, the younger served the elder 1 
Thus it is, wc always make a mess of things when we 
try to substitute our own devices for divine providence. 
"God is not slack concerning his promises." "Trust in 
the Lord and do good" (Matt. 13:53-58). 

IV. PREVAILING WITH GOD (Gen. 32: 22-32). 

No history is so difficult either to write or understand as 
that of the soul's intimacy with God. We have here one of 
the choicest bits of this sort of history. Give it long and 
loving attention 1 

Jacob spent a sleepless night with mental anguish be- 
yond description. He comes out a cripple, thankful that 
his life is preserved- This is the price they pay who pre- 
vail with God in prayer. 

" What is thy name? " "Tell me, I pray thee, thy name. 
Why all this furious inquiry about names? It is meaning- 
less until we recall that then names revealed character. 
Each was bent on knowing the soul of the other! Prayer 
is passionate eagerness to know God and have him know 
us (Philpp. 3: 7-14) t 

I, The influence of home. The family altar. 

vhat very definite ways can we take God into 

III. Quote scriptures containing promises. Give in- 
stances of their fulfilment. 

II. In 
iccount in our life plans? 

IV. What do wc mean by prevailing prayer? What 
are some of its secrets? 

the public school, and universities of Germany the aver- 
age German took more kindly to a,r travel than did the 
citizen, of other countries, and as a result German a r 
route, extend to all parts of that Republic; also into 
route, cxieim iu r „„„:, ant i a sa n westward 

the states and Russia and »« 
to Amsterdam, where air machines and travelers trom 
other countries of Europe make close ~«*-££*J 
German flying system. By the ^'™ s » h °* 'J~? "£ 
the entire area of Europe is brought into close daily re 
lation in *. air transportation of mails, merchandise and 
men, and with a great saving of time. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 2, 1926 

The Relation of Our Educational Policy to 

(Continued from Page 3) 

basis the whole chinch would have over 1,000 mis- 
sionaries ! This church, however, does not support all 
of these workers. But she does support three of the 
six and on that basis the forces of the church at large 
would number more than 500. From the District in 
which this church is located there have gone two more 
missionaries. In "sending out eight missionaries this 
District with a membership of 2,135 has one repre- 
sentative in mission work for every 267 of her mem- 
bership. Such a ratio in the church at large would 
more than triple our present missionary force. An- 
other District with only a little larger membership also 
has eight representatives on the mission fields. There 
probably are other Districts with a still better per capi- 
ta representation. Not having the list showing the 
homes of our various missionaries we have taken two 
with whose foreign force we are acquainted. They are 
sufficient to show the possibilities of growth in the 
number of our overseas workers. 

But we have plenty of volunteers ready for service 
and our missionary problem is one of finance and not 
of workers. It is encouraging to note that here also 
there are equally great possibilities. During the last 
fiscal year the ten " blue ribbon " churches in giving 
averaged $9.4S per member. What a wonderful serv- 
ice we could do in missions if this average obtained 
in all of the churches ! Or, again, in 1923 there were 
two Districts which gave more than five dollars per 
member to mission work. Such an average in every 
District would more than double our present mission- 
ary offerings. What a fine way to wipe out the deficit ! 

The Relation of Education and Missions 

Having glanced at some of the possibilities in mis- 
sionary growth, let us consider our present status in 
the two important fields of the church's activity, edu- 
cation and missions, and consider the direction in 
which we are going. The investigations of the Educa- 
tional Commission disclosed the fact that we are giv- 
ing 2.S times as much per capita to the support of our 
colleges as is the average of other denominations. On 
the other hand the financial statistics as published in 
the July Visitor reveal the fact that our per capita 
giving to missions is $2.35 and our Board Secretary 
states in the Gospel Messenger of July 25 that this is 
about one dollar less than the per capita average of oth- 
er denominations. The exact figures are not given, 
but assuming that the per capita average in other de- 
nominations is $3.25, or ninety cents more than we 
give per capita, our average in missionary gifts falls 
28 per cent below the general average. 280 per cent 
of the general per capita average to education and J2 
per cent to missions! What is the matter with our per- 
spective? Shall we say like the fond mother after- 
the army review, " I was so proud today of my 
Jimmy, they were all out of step but him " ? This 
greatly unbalanced emphasis calls for careful consid- 
eration. Other factors have entered into our mission- 
ary deficits but is it not quite probable that there is a 
definite relation between the two facts just noted? 

The Commission's report also discloses the fact that 
the average number of Brethren communicants per 
Brethren college is 14,739, while that for all other de- 
nominational colleges is over 60,000. The church's ex- 
perience in the field of collegiate education seems a 
bit like that of the missionary doctor. At first the 
people do not appreciate the value of medicine and 
then when they do, some come to feel that if twenty 
or twenty-five grains of quinine daily are good for 
malaria sixty or eighty will be all the better. As a 
church we came to realize the supreme necessity and 
value of colleges, but without foreseeing the future, 
we have proceeded on the basis of the more the better 
for the church body. 

Whatever our various views on our educational 
problems we do not differ as to the necessity and value 
of colleges. A former generation debated this ques- 
tion, but today the colleges need no defense in our 
church paper. We know now that they lie at the very 
heart of all church progress. With respect to missions 
they are indispensable to our foreign activity. And 

especially in the older mission fields, it is the united 
opinion that the East needs today men of the highest 
training the home churches can provide for them. Only 
such are now called for. With the intellectual awaken- 
ing of recent years in Asia a church whose missionary 
force is untrained can make little contribution to the 
cause of Christ in the Orient. 

And a yet more vital phase of this matter is that the 
cause of missions is a cause of Christian education. 
The Church of the Brethren has assumed an overseas 
educational program of no mean magnitude. India 
and China together have 3,000,000 souls for whose 
evangelization and Christian education we are solely 
responsible. And Africa has several hundred thou- 
sand. Other denominations are counting on us to 
train these people. Yet during the past few" years of 
our missionary deficit we have been forced to deny 
even the rudiments of an education to many who con- 
stitute this overseas constituency. The lack of funds 
has prevented us from opening many village schools to 
educate these people. Shall we maintain surplus col- 
leges in the homeland and leave our foreign churches 
sit in darkness? 

We must look forward to a trained leadership over- 
seas as well as in America. The progress of our 
churches in India and China is just as dependent on a 
trained leadership as in the church at home. Without 
these trained leaders Christ will never win in the Ori- 
ent. I have recently come in contact with some of the 
Methodist work of North India. Their mission work 
here began in the days of the Mutiny (1856) and so 
their work is more than 'twice as old as ours. It is, of 
course, correspondingly more developed. To consider 
North India alone they have at Barielly a vernacular 
seminary, at Jubbulpore a seminary offering the course 
in English, and at Lucknow a large college. The ver- 
nacular seminary at' Barielly has for its principal an 
Indian man with an M. A. degree. On his faculty are 
two American missionaries, one with a Master's de- 
gree and one with a Doctor's. A similar condition ob- 
tains at Lucknow where an Indian was recently elected 
president of the college. Adequate financial support 
from the homeland has made this program possible. 
The results are appearing in these trained leaders who 
are qualified for these important positions. The mis- 
sionary has no greater joy than to see such well pre- 
pared nationals serving Christ in their country. He 
is" happy indeed to take his place as a teacher in an in- 
stitution under their executive leadership. 

The Church of the Brethren 'must vision for the 
future such possibilities. Already" we have, several 
in college, medical and nurses' training. Whether we 
attempt our educational program separately or in co- 
operation with other missions we have the responsi- 
bility. The future should see great educational growth 
in our India, China and Africa churches. Other de- 
nominations for the most part entered the mission 
fields from thirty to fifty years before we did and they 
have faced their deficits with more liberal giving. 

The church's educational program in America can- 
not be determined without due- consideration of her 
overseas obligations. The facts show that we have 
been making education rather than missions "the great 
first work of the church." -Perhaps one should not 
use the phrase of our pioneer missionary in this con- 
nection. Both these causes are of the highest impor- 
tance. God forbid that this article should in any way 
set one cause against the other. Because both are of 
the highest importance there is revealed the need of 
a shifted emphasis. It has been pointed out that a 
constituencey of 12,000 in support of one of our col- 
leges is, on the basis of giving, equal to 30,000 of the 
average denomination. Along with this must be placed 
the fact that 9,000 of them are giving as much-as 
12,000 of us to the cause of missions. This certainly 
must diminish any pride we might have in our educa- 
tional achievement. To determine for the future a 
balanced program to which all can subscribe whole- 
heartedly and unitedly, working consistently for its 
symmetrical development, is a matter of the greatest 
importance and urgency. It calls for the hearty co- 
operation of all interests, earnest prayer, world vision, 
and continued study. 

Ahwa, Bangs, India. 

The Pastor's Challenge 

(Continued from Page 6) 

schools and nothing was taught but religion. Then 
folks began to complain and criticise. They were 
church folks, too. They began to fuss. Certain de- 
nominations objected to certain teachings concerning 
religion and others objected to other teachings about 
religion. The outcome? These same religious people 
kept on complaining until it was finally decreed by 
law, which had these same individuals back of it, that 
all religious teaching should be eliminated from the 
public school program, that the towns should become 
responsible for public education and that the churches 
and their homes would care for the religious teaching 
of children. 

What has been the outcome? The program worked 
very well at first. The churches had a strong teach- 
ing program which was vigorously supported by the 
homes. The public schools gave no thought to re- 
ligion and devoted themselves exclusively to the sim- 
plest forms of mental training. The physical and so- 
cial life of the children was still dominated by the 
influences of the teaching program of the previous 
period. As time passed by the program of the public 
school became more and more inclusive and that of 
the church exclusive. The churches narrowed down 
to what they called spiritual matters. The public 
schools soon developed a very comprehensive literary 
program. Then these same public schools began to 
give thought to the physical and social interests of 
the child since these interests were being largely ig- 
nored by both teaching agencies. Special organiza- 
tions also turned to the promotion of physical and so- 
cial education. 

Where are we at the present time? The public 
schools have grown and expanded until they have a 
highly organized program which attempts to provide 
for every interest of the physical, the social, and the 
mental life of the child from the kindergarten age on 
through college. This public program of teaching 
frankly declares that its aim is to prepare our boys 
and girls for complete living in terms of American 
citizenship. They are now using from six to nine 
months out of every year of the child's time and if 
will certainly be only a short time until the twelve 
month school will be the rule. The churches? They 
have been slowdy forced to a larger program of activi- 
ty by the very nature of the public school program. 
Most churches have Sunday-schools for a least a part 
of the year and preaching occasionally. Some have ad- 
vanced to Sunday-schools every Sunday and preach- 
ing each Sunday. A few of our churches have lifted 
the Sunday-school up to the dignity of a Church 
School, have given attention to the physical and social 
life of their children and young people, and are trying 
to give more attention to the teaching of religion in 
terms of character and conduct. 

What about it? Certainly we are not criticising 
the public schools. They are our schools, we support 
them, and we demand results. Our public school 
leaders are working faithfully to produce results in 
the light of the trust imposed in them. The public 
school system of America is a great system, one of the 
greatest in the world, but it is largely a failure. It is 
a failure because it is failing to develop Christian 
character and produce Christian conduct. Who says 
it is a failure? The American people in their daily 
program of living. Just examine our crime records, 
or divorce statistics, our moral standards, and in fact 
let us look ourselves over generally and specifically to 
see just where we are and what we are. Then let us 
seriously ask ourselves as to just who is to blame and 
what is the secret of the present national dilemma in 
terms of the behavior of the American people to which 
you and I belong. Perhaps the public schools are not 
to blame. It might be that the church is at fault. It is 
quite evident that some agency or agencies are serious- 
ly at fault. Where do we stand as pastors and what 
should be the standards of the pastoral program that 
our denomination may finally develop as a result of her 
present unrest and anxiety in the interest of a more 
effective service as a denomination? What respon- 
sibility has the church to bear when it comes to the 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 2, 1926 

■care of the child and what should be the relation of 
the pastoral program of our denomination and the 
pastors who figure in this program to this responsibil- 

Daleville, Va. 


6:15 P. M., 
7:00 P. M., 

8:40 A. M., 
9 : 00 A. M., 

10:00 A. M., 


We are glad to announce that the week of January 17 
to 24, 1926, has been set apart for Bible institute work on 
College Hill. This institute will afford rare opportunities for 
study, worship, and fellowship. Experienced Bible teachers 
and church workers will be present to lead us out into 
the riches of the Word. A new feature of this year's 
program is that of the group conferences. In these sessions 
actual problems of workers can be presented and discussed. 
We are very eager that our constituency send many 
workers to this institute. Do not miss the speciaj programs 
for young people on Saturday evening, Jan. 23. 

After Sunday-school at 9:00 A. M., the opening sermon 
of the institute will be delivered in the town church at 
10:00 A. M. byEld. A. C. Wieand. On Jan. 24 the sermon 
in the town church will be delivered at the same hour by 
Earl W. Flohr. 

General Program for Bible Institute — College Chapel 
Sunday, Jan. 17 
, Student Volunteer Program. 
, Sermon. — A. C. Wieand. 
Monday to Friday, Jan. 18-22 
Chapel Devotions. 
, Studies in Philippians. — A. C. Wieand. 
, Studies in the Sermon on the Mount. — R. H. 
11:00 A. M., Studies in Christian Education. — Earl W. 

1:30 P. M., Problems in India Missions. — Ida Shumaker. 
.2:00 P. M., Studies in Devotional Life.— R. H. Miller. 
2:30 P. M., Fundamental Bible Doctrines.— A. C. Wieand. 
3: 00 P. M. ( Group Conferences: 

Problems of the Minister. — Led by A. C. 

Problems of the Church School Worker. — 
Led by Earl W. Flohr. 
7:00 P. M„ Monday, Wednesday, Friday, Talks on Euro- 
pean Conditions. — R. H. Miller. 
7:00 P. M., Tuesday, Thursday, Missions and Our Young 

People. — Ida Shumaker. 
7:45 P. M., Talks on The Teachings of Christ— A. C. 
(Note : The Friday periods- of A. C. Wieand will be 
occupied by C. C. Ellis) 

Special Programs 

Saturday, Jan. 23, 9:00 A. M., Sunday-school pro- 
gram. — H. A. Merkey presiding. 

Saturday, Jan. 23, 2:00 P. M., Educational Program- 
President H. K. Ober presiding. 

Saturday, Jan. 23, 6:30 P. M., Anti-Tobacco Essay Con- 
test. — By Sunday-school pupils of Eastern Pennsylvania — 
high school education or less. 

Saturday, Jan. 23, 7u 30 P. M., Young People's Program. 
— R. W. Schlosser presiding. 

Sunday, Jan. 24, 2:00 P. M., Missionary Program.— H. H. 
Nye presiding. 

Write to our business manager, J. Z. Herr, for lodging. 
Room and tuition will be free. Board 35 cents per meal 
or five dollars for eight days. Martha Martin. 

Elizabethtown, Pa. 

south of the Potomac and Ohio Rivers and east of the 
Mississippi. It is one of the five great accrediting agencies 
of the United States, and it is generally admitted that it 
is one of the most difficult to attain entrance to. 

The points on which institutions are investigated rela- 
tive to standardization make up a considerable number, 
twenty or more. Among others they comprise the fol- 
lowing : Requirements for graduation, scholastic attain- 
ments and salaries of the faculty, endowments and other 
means of support, libraries and laboratories, grounds, 
buildings and equipment, athletics, and standing in the 
educational world. In these and other respects, Bridge- 
water is found to be standard. 

The recent action of the Southern Association places 
Bridgewater in good company. It classes the college 
with eight or nine of the other strongest institutions in 
Virginia including two great universities. While en- 
trance into the association brings to the college increased 
prestige and influence, and is naturally a source of grati- 
fication to the president and faculty, it means still more 
to the student body. It places upon their work a stamp 
of approval that gives them standing in the educational 
world. Bridgewater men and women may now go any- 
where in the United States for graduate work without 
being discriminated against. 

Admission to the association does not mean that the 
work at the college will be in any material way changed 
from what it has hitherto been. The college was admitted 
on the work it has been doing and not on any promises 
for the future. Since students have been doing standard 
college work under standard conditions with a standard 
faculty and standard equipment, we naturally rejoice that 
they should receive recognition for their work that is 
recognized as standard. John S. Flory. 

Bridgewater, Va. 

spent the greater part of his life and had voluntarily given 
much time and effort to the betterment of the community 
and the promotion of the Kingdom of God. 
Franklin Grove, III. O. D. Buck. 


At the meeting of the Association of Colleges and Sec- 
ondary Schools of the Southern States held at Charleston, 
S. C, Dec. 2-4, Bridgewater College was elected to full 
membership in the association. This action marks the 
culmination of an effort on the part of the college extend- 
ing over a period of several years. The application for 
membership was first presented to the meeting of the 
association at Birmingham, in 1921, and has been before 
each meeting since. Last year the college was recom- 
mended for membership by the commission, but was 
turned down by the Association on a technicality. For 
a number of years Bridgewater has been on the " B " 
list of the association, which gave its graduates full certi- 
fication to teach in any State or city- covered by the asso- 
ciation. Election to full membership at the recent meet- 
ing places Bridgewater in the group of leading colleges 
and universities of the country, which means that its 
graduates will be certificated to teach anywhere, and also 
that they may enter the graduate departments of the 
great universities without having any of their work dis- 
credited. It is naturally a matter of much importance 
to the friends of the college to have this standard of ap- 
proval placed upon its work. 

The Southern Association comprises the eleven States 


In the departure of our dearly beloved and widely 
known brother, Eld. Isaac Frantz, another of God's faith- 
ful servants has been called to his reward. 

Eld. Isaac Frantz 
was born in Ohio 
June 15, 1849, and 
died in the Lincoln 
Hospital at Ro- 
chelle, III., Dec. 14, 
1925, aged seventy- 
six years, five 
months and twenty- 
nine days. Jan. 4, 
1872, he was united 
in marriage to Sis- 
ter Lizzie E. 
Miller. Five chil- 
dren blessed their 
home. Jan. 13, 1891, 
his wife died. On 
Dec. 25, 1893, he 
married Sister Em- 
ma E. Kulp. One 
child was born to 
them. Aug. 25, 1912, 
his second compan- 
ion was called to her 
eternal home. Three children also preceded him. Oct. 
5, 1916, he married Sister Ida M. Price of Franklin Grove, 
111. He leaves his wife and three children. 

When a young man he united with the Church of the 
Brethren and after a few years was elected to the ministry 
and later to the eldership. He served in the ministry about 
fifty years and spent about forty years in evangelistic 
work to which he was specially adapted. He was consid- 
ered one of our most successful evangelists, having held 
meetings in many of the States. He was used mightily 
of God in bringing thousands of souls into the Kingdom. 
His success as an evangelist was largely due to his forceful 
Gospel sermons and his ability to approach all classes 
of people and adapt himself to varied conditions. He was 
a great lover of children and young people and entered 
heartily into their interests and activities, thus gaining 
their confidence and goodwill. 

He had strong and definite convictions on the teachings 
of the Bible and ideals of life and had the courage to speak 
them, and to practice them in his life. He was cheerful, 
optimistic and ambitious. He expected great things from 
God and attempted great things for God, having no greater 
joy than in being about his Father's business. In his de- 
clining years though his physical and mental powers were 
greatly weakened, he was ambitious to continue in serv- 
ice. In 1921 he located at Franklin Grove, III., and retired 
from active service because of physical infirmities. 

Nov. 7, 1925, he was stricken with severe illness and in 
a few days was removed to the Rochelle hospital where 
he lingered until his death. Brief services were conducted 
at Rochelle by the writer, after which the body was taken 
to Pleasant Hill, Ohio. Dec. 17 funeral services were con- 
ducted there by Eld. D. M. Garver assisted by Bro. Flory, 
the pastor. A large assembly of people was present to 
pay their last tribute of respect to a man who was widely 
and favorably known in that community where he had. 

Hageratown, Md., Saturday, Nov. 28 
The "Gospel Messenger" always affords us joy. We 
read it and chat with Bro. Holsopple ; we are rather 
amused at Bro. J. H. Moore's apologia. They (Bro. Moore) 
have got into a groove, and they feel more at home with- 
in the groove than they do without it. And they are wel- 
come to their groove, but when we put on our hat and 
go out calling, or when we sit down to our little type- 
writer and write to our wife, or perhaps when we write 
some Diary Leaves, we arc inclined to think in the singu- 
lar number. But if we will be pluralized, then we must 
also pluralize the other fellow, and they (the other fellow) 
will quickly recognize our effort to be consistent, at least 
when we refer to them. Just now wc find ourself think- 
ing of the story of a widowed sister, who were traveling 
by themself on the train, when a widower brother ap- 
proached them; after some time they said to them this 
question: " May I ask, how old are you? " The sister 
were alert, and quickly replied: "Sometimes I feel as 
if I were a hundred years old, and again I feel as if I 
were only about eighteen; and I think perhaps we better 
let the matter end there." And thus the matter ended. 
I have been scanning the "Yearbook" for 1925 with 
respect to this and other congregations. It looks good 
to me, and it feels good to be here. There are more mem- 
bers in this congregation than in any one of the four 
Districts of Missouri ; Bro. Holsopple preaches to more 
folks every Sunday than all the preachers in any one of 
eight Districts (this does not count, for various reasons, 
any District whose membership is over 600); the con- 
gregation includes almost 1,000 members more than the 
first District given in the " Yearbook." One can only 
appreciate the meaning of some -things by persistent 
comparison, therefore this observation. I am in the home 
of Brother and Sister Holsopple. Bro. Holsopple is as 
busy as can be; Sister Holsopple is on the safe side of a 
long siege of typhoid, after Winona, and well nigh being 
herself once more; the children arc all away from home 
—Frances at Rochester, Naomi in Philadelphia, J. Quinter 
at Yale and Herman at Jacksonville— except Mary 
Catharine who is a junior in high school. Sister Helen 
Shellenberger is a sort of right hand man in the church 
program. The Sisters' Aid Society is busy, and some of 
that group may be found in the church most any afternoon 
of the week; the young men show a delightful interest 
in the choral work, and aid greatly in the congregational 
worship. Bro. Ezra Flory compares some churches to 
an hour glass; thick at both ends and thin in the mid- 
dle; which is, being interpreted, a combination of an 
old folks' home and a Sunday-school, the young folks 
failing to function. Ln the Hagerstown church there is 
no hour glass system, for all have a place, and seemingly 
have easily found it. This is a great work, and the 
pastor doubtless experiences a great satisfaction in it. 
This is the church of Bro. Eichard and Bro. Barnhart; the 
city that knew so well the sweet voice and tender heart 
of Bro, D. F. Stouffcr. 

The men's Bible class with Bro. W. N. Long as teacher, 
enrollment 120, looks good to me; also the young women's 
group with 110; the elderly sisters' group is taught by 
Bro. Harry K. Zoller, enrollment 40; the elderly men have 
about the same enrollment. The whole Sunday-school of 
twenty different classes has a total enrollment of 695. 
Hagerstown, Sunday, Nov. 29 
Some time ago Rabbi Silver, of the great Jewish temple 
in Cleveland, preached on the "Delights of Passover." I 
tried to get a bit of what he said, by correspondence, 
but failing in this I set to work to prepare a sermon 
on "The Delights of the Love Feast." That sermon came 
into good place this morning in looking forward to the 
love feast that was to come this evening. 

And now the love feast is over. The 551 communicants 
seated quietly around the tables apparently felt the 
nearness of the Lord. As all engaged in the service of 
washing one another's feet, the eating of the agape, and 
then the partaking of the broken bread of the com- 
munion, I wished that Rev. I. S. Prokanhoff (see " S. S. 
Times " of Nov. 28, page 766) might have been a guest of 
ours tonight. I wished that others scattered far and wide 
might have been part of our group. I thought I fancied 
the group of our missionaries in India, Africa and China 
all together walking up the aisle, permitted for the time to 
enjoy the feast here in this city, and I knew how they 
would feci. that would be joyful; O that would be 
joyful I 

I usually tell our folks that in India while we conserve 
every principle, we depart from every detail, in working 
out the methods of holding the love feast; I tell how we 
sit on the floor, eat with our fingers, have rice for sup- 
per, make the wine from the raisins obtainable, and such 
like. This evening we distributed the elements of the 
communion in a manner a bit different; the bread and 
(Continued on Page M) 



Message to the Churches 

(Continued from Page 5) 

science as to whether or not he shall participate in war. 

Policies and Program* 

1. The fundamental forces in upbuilding a Christian 
world order are those concrete activities which by their 
very nature create, as well as express, goodwill between 
nations and races. Let the churches, therefore, be zealous 
in works of international benevolences, be friendly to the 
strangers in our land, and support home and foreign mis- 
sionary enterprises and institutions. 

2. The churches in all lands should rise above the spirit 
and policies of narrow nationalism, and to this end they 
should strengthen the bonds of friendship and mutual 
acquaintance through common activities and conferences 
such as that recently held at Stockholm on Life and Work, 

3. In the achievement of world justice and peace the 
United States and other nations will have to reconsider 
those policies and practices that tend to create international 
ilhvill, suspicion and fear. In the enactment of legislation 
dealing with even domestic matters that have international 
consequences, each nation should practice the principle 
of the Golden Rule. In this connection we have especially 
in mind such difficult questions as: (1) Monopolistic con- 
trol of raw materials essential to modern industry and 
economic welfare. (21 Regulation of immigration. (3) Race 
discriminatory legislation. (4) Investments in backward 
countries. (5) Economic and social oppression of minority 
racial groups within a nation. 

4. In harmony with the spirit of the Washington Con- 
ference on Limitation of Armament and in keeping with 
the declaration by President Coolidge that "peace and 
security are more likely to result from fair and honorable 
dealings, . . . than by any attempt at competition in 
squadrons and battalions," the United States should actu- 
ally cooperate with the other nations in still further reduc- 
tion of armaments. 

5. Plans for military expansion and increased expendi- 
tures in the Pacific are needless in themselves, because of 
agreements already made. They are provocative of sus- 
picion and misunderstanding on the part of other nations, 
and are contradictory to the affirmation of President Cool- 
idge that " our country has definitely relinquished the 
old standards of dealing with other countries by terror 
and force and is definitely committed to the new standard 
of dealing with them through friendship and understand- 

6. We rejoice in the policy of our government, adopted 
by the Washington Conference on Limitation of Arma- 
ment for cooperating with China in seeking the early 
abolition of "extraterritoriality," the adoption of "equal 
treaties" and the recovery of tariff autonomy. We urge 
the maintenance by our people and government of such 
attitudes toward, and treatment of, China and of Chinese 
and of all Asiatics as are required by the principles of 
good neighborliness and the Golden Rule. 

7. The maintenance of justice and goodwill between the 
peoples of the Orient and the Occident is essential to the 
peace of the Pacific and of the world. We of the United 
States, therefore, need to scrutinize with seriousness and 
care those acts and laws, both local and national, that are 
straining these relations, with a view to such modifications 
as will conserve the essential rights, the self-respect and 
the honor of both of these great branches of the one 
human family. 

8. We believe that the United States should examine 
its historic policy known as the Monroe Doctrine, and 
seek, in cooperation with other American peoples, such 
a restatement of this policy as will make it a ground of 
goodwill between the United States and Latin America. 

9. We rejoice in the condemnation of the militaristic spir- 
it by the President in his Omaha address and record our 
opposition to all efforts to use the Reserve Officers' Train- 
ing Corps, the Citizens' Military Training Camps and the 
Mobilization or Defense Test Day exercises as means of 
fostering the spirit of war among our citizens and espe- 
cially among our youth. We approve all suitable efforts to 
improve the physical well-being of students in our schools 
and colleges, both boys and girls, but we emphatically 
disapprove of compulsory military training. We urge 
careful review of the effect of military training in all 
its phases. 

We deplore and regard as unnecessary the proposed 
organization of industry under the government in prepara- 
tion for possible war. Such organization Is opposed to 
the declaration of President Coolidge that we should de- 
mobilize intellectually as well as in the military sense. 
It would inevitably tend to promote the war spirit in com- 
merce and among industrial workers. 

10. Our government, together with all other great civi- 
lized nations, should share in common agreements and in 
common undertakings and activities in the establishment 
and maintenance of the institutions essential for world 
justice, for the peaceful settlement of all disputes, for 
mutual protection of peace-loving and law abiding na- 
tions from wanton attack, and for reduction of armaments 
by all nations. 

In this program the United States has an inescapable 
responsibility and an essential part. The movement for 
world peace cannot succeed without active participation 
by its government and people. We therefore recommend 
to the people of our land the following concrete measure's: 

(1) Immediate entry of the United States ' into the 
Permanent Court of International Justice, with the 
Harding-Hughes-Coolidge reservations. 

(2) Declaration by the United States that it wilt accept 
the affirmative jurisdiction of the World Court and will 
submit to it every threatening dispute which the Court 
is competent to settle, 

(3) Full cooperation of out government with other 
nations in securing the negotiation and ratification of 
an international treaty outlawing war as a crime under 
the law of nations: 

(4) Adoption by the United States of the policy of 
Complete cooperation with all the humanitarian and 
other commissions and committees of the League of 
Nations to which commissions and committees it may 
be invited. 

(5) Entry of the United States into the League of 
Nations with the reservation that the United States 
will have no responsibility, moral or otherwise, for par- 
ticipating in the economic or military discipline of any 
nation, unless such- participation shall have been author- 
ized by the Congress of the United State's; 


1. We rejoice to learn that twenty-six Communions have 
already formed their respective Commissions v on Inter- 
nationa! Goodwill and Peace and earnestly recommend 
to those Communions which have not yet done so the 
importance of taking this step at an early date. 

2. We request the Executive Committee which has ar- 
ranged for this Study Conference on the Churches and 
World Peace, with such additions to its membership as 
it may find desirable, to serve as a Continuation Commit- 
tee with the following duties: 

1. To secure promptly the publication of the Message 
to the Churches adopted by this Conference and its circu- 
lation as widely as possible among the Communions of 
the United States. 

2. To invite each Communion to take such official ac- 
tion as it may think desirable in regard to the affirma- 
tions and recommendations of tlif message. 

3. To confer with the Federal Council's Commissions 
on International Justice and Goodwill and on Christian 
Education, regarding methods of cooperation and pro- 
cedure in the continuing programs of promotion and 
education essential to the achievement of the ends in 

3. The achievement of permanent world peace is de- 
pendent upon the development in children and youth, 
through education, of convictions concerning the Father- 
hood of God, the spirit and teachings of Jesus Christ, the 
unity of the human family, and the principles of justice; 
and upon the establishment of attitudes of mutual respect 
and reliance upon reason rather than force. We therefore 
recommend that the Executive Committee, in cooperation 
with the various educational agencies, denominational, 
interdenominational and undenominational, secure the 
preparation of an adequate program of education for the 
development of these convictions and attitudes. 

4. We recommend that, in the developmnt of this pro- 
gram, due consideration be given to the results of recent 
studies of innate tendencies in human nature as well as 
of the molding influence of society itself upon growing life. 

5. We believe it is possible to train a contemporaneous 
generation of children around the world to find ways in 
which the gospel of goodwill can be applied to racial and 
international relationships. We therefore urge upon the 
communions the unique responsibility for world under- 
standing presented through their missionary relationships. 
To this end we suggest that the committee seek the coop- 
eration of the missionary and other agencies in the working 
out of such a system of training. 

6. We recommend, further, that there be recognition of 
the mental attitudes and social influences in present day 
life which tend to prevent mutual understanding and sym- 
pathetic cooperation between classes, nations, and races, 
and that programs of adult education and activity be pre- 
pared which shall develop relationships and attitudes which 
are in accord with the life and teachings of Jesus. 

7. Any effective program of education for peace must 
be thoroughly integrated with the whole process of educa- 
tion. We therefore urge that close working relations be 
established between all the program -ma king educational 
agencies upon which the churches depend, and that the 
plans for peace education be worked out cooperatively. 

8. We recognize the strategic position of the local 
church, its pastor and Christian leaders, in the program 
to end war, and suggest the importance of forming local 
committees for peace promotion and education. 

9. We recommend that every city federation or council 
of churches be urged to form its own committee on In- 
ternational Justice and Goodwill, which should cooperate 
with the committees in local churches in community acti- 
vities and programs in the interest of world peac-e, We 

would Call attention to the educational opportunities of- 
fered in connection with the observance of Armistice 
Day, Golden Rule Sunday, Ciiristmas, Goodwill Day, and 
other anniversaries. 

i0. We recommend the holding of another Conference 
on the Churches and World Peace when, in the judgment 
of the continuation Committee, the educational program 
shall have been sufficiently carried out by the churches 
to render such a Conference worth while. 

Notes From Our Correspondents 


Pilot Knob congregation lost four by letter, consisting of Eld. 
James Harp and family. Wc very much regret to lose these upright 
Christian pcoplc.-E. Hudkins, Alpena Pass, Ark., Djic. 19. 


Chico.— Our love feast was truly a feast of love with fifty-four 
surrounding the tables. Wc were especially glad for the presence 
of a number of visiting brethren and sisters from other congrega- 
tions. Examination services were conducted by Bro. W. R. Bru- 
baKcr, of Live Oak. Bro. S. S. Garst, of Chowchilla, officiated ''and 
dc-livei'cd the address Cm Sunday morning. Bro. Victor Whittner 
filled the pulpit Sunaay evening. One was baptized in the after- 
noon just preceding the love feast. We are looking forward to a 
revival to begin Dec. 14, with Bro. S. S. Garst as evangelist- 
Martha Harlacher, Chico, Calif.. Dec. it). 

East San Diego church met in council Dec. 6, with' our elder, 
Brd. S. G. Lehmfcr, of Los Angeles, presiding. Church officers were 
Chosen, with Bro. Lchmer, elder in charge; Bro. Earl Shrock, churCH 
clerk, and Sister Elva Shrock, church correspondent and " Mes- 
senger " agent. Bro. J. E. Stcinour, of Los Angeles, came to us 
on Nov. IS in a revival meeting, continuing three weeks. He 
brought Us good Gospel messages at every service. Four were 
baptized and one reclaimed as an immediate result of the meet- 
ing and we are sure much good seed was sown that will bear 
fruit later. On Saturday evening, Dec. 5, fifty-four brethren and 
sisters gathered around the Lord's table and enjoyed a very 
spiritual feast together, with Bro. Steinour officiating. The out- 
look is good here for the building up of a strong work for the 
Lord. Any brethren who are looking toward California for a 
hcune or to spend the winter are inviicd to come to San Diego 
and enjoy the fellowship while you enjoy the climate. A recent 
renaming of the streets in this part of the city places us on 4176 
35th St., instead of 4174 Pacific Ave. Those interested will please 
note this change of address.— Fred A. Flora, E. San Diego, Calif., 
Dec. 7, 

Fresno church met In council Dec. 7, with Eld. A. O. Brubaker 
presiding. Sunday morning, Dec. 6, the preaching hour was taken 
up by Sister Arnold, returned missionary from China, in a very 
interesting talk on the customs of the Chinese and on the location 
of the mission in Southern China, where she and Sister Shick labor. 
We were also favored Nov. 25 by a concert of sacred songs given 
by a male chorus from the First Mennonite church of Reedley, 
Calif. ; also two numbers from the ladies of the same congrega- 
tion. The music was very impressive and was much appreciated 
by a well-filled house. We are very glad to report that since the 
completion of our new churchhouse our Sunday-school has increased 
in attendance at least one-third; there is also a greater interest 
shown.— Mrs. J. N. Shank, Fresno, Calif., Dec. 12. 

Hemet church just closed a two weeks' revival, conducted by 
our new pastor, Eld. Wm. M. Piatt. We hope arid trust that seed 
may have been sown that v.'ill ripen and bring forth fruit in 
the future. The church was strengthened by the spiritual sermons 
which he gave us. Our love feast was held Dec. 12, with Bro. S. 
W. Funk officiating. Bro. D. Hartman. Bro. M. Rensberger and 
Eld. J. P. Dickey were with us. Bro. Rensberger gave a splendid 
sermon on Sunday following on " What Kind of Advertising We Are 
Doing." Sunday noon dinner was served and in the afternoon a 
talk was given by Bro. S. W. Funk on "Answered Prayer." The 
young: people from La Verne helped in the music— Ruby Tinkle, 
Hemet, Calif., Dec. 15. 

Live Oak.— Nov. 12 C. Ernest Davis gave Us a message on "Seek 
Peace and Pursue It." He pointed out very forcibly America's part in 
the great peace program and also where she had failed to meet the 
standard. At the union Thanksgiving service in the high school 
about 200 were present, the largest attendance at such a service ever 
held in Live Oak. Our regular Thanksgiving service was held at 
the church on the 26th. The special feature was the many expres- 
sions by the children of things for which they were thankful. A 
program on Stewardship was given on Sunday morning, Nov. 29. The 
subject was treated from three angles: Time, by Sister Merle Fike; 
Talent, by Sister Stella Wine, and Resources by Bro. W. R. Brubaker. 
A history of the Live Oak church was given by the writer. It was 
organized June II, 1911. Five have been elected to the deacon's office 
and five to the ministry. Seventy-six have been baptized. Nov. 29 at 
7:30 the songalogue, "Saved at Sea," was given by our juniors and 
intermediates with the reading by Mary Crites. It was well rendered 
and highly complimented by those who heard it. Our pastor, Bro. 
J. R. Wine", is now in the midst of a revival in the Butte Valley church 
at Macdoel, Calif.— Albert Crites, Live Oak. Calif., Dec. 1. 

Macdoel. — We recently closed a two weeks' revival meeting, con- 
ducted bv Bro. J. R. Wine, of Live Oak, Calif. He came here 
Nov. 28 and remained with us till Dec. 14. Bro. Wine preached 
the Word with power, and labored earnestly for the salvation of 
souls, with our pastor helping him. Sister Ott led the song service 
and a number of special songs were given during the meeting. There 
was a good attendance almost every night. Four were received 
by letter. One came out on the Lord's side. There is a good op- 
portunity here for new members and we would like to have them 
come and locate with us.— Chas. Messick, Macdoel, Calif., Dec. 16. 

Pomona church met in council Dec. 7, with Eld. J. A. Brubaker 
presiding. Bro. O. L. Minnich was chosen pastor to finish the 
remainder of the pastoral year. Bro. Frantz, our former pastor, 
is now working as field man for La Verne College. Bro. Min- 
nich and family have lived in Pomona one year, coming from 
Pennsylvania. A Christmas program is being arranged for Dec. 23. 
Three letters have been received lately.— Mrs. Lee Newland, Pomona, 
Calif., Dec. 13. 

Raisin City. -Communion services on Monday evening, Dec. 14, 
marked the close of a two weeks' evangelistic service, conducted 
by Bro. C. Ernest Davis, of Patterson. Three were received into 
the church by baptism. Church activities have taken on new 
life since our pastor, H. M. Brubaker, and family have taken over 
the work, and we are entering the new year with bright prospects 
for Christian service.— Sadie Scott, Raisin City, Calif., Dec. 17. 


Lakeland church met in council Dec. 12, at the home of Brother 
and Sister Noah Flory, with Eld. J. W. Rodgers in charge. The 
report of the church building committee was heard and the com- 
mittee continued. Our new church is now under construction and is 
expected to be completed and dedicated early in the new year. Election 
of church officers for the ensuing year resulted as follows: Elder, 
J. W". Rodgers; clerk, J. S. Leckrone; " Messenger" agent and church 
correspondent, Mrs. J. S. Leckrone; Sunday-school superintendent, 
J. S. Leckrone. The Young People's Conference of this District will 
meet at Lakeland Dec. 20 for organization, this being a new District. 
Bro. B, F. Lightner, of Gettysburg, Pa., is with us this winter and 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 2, 1926 


Eld. G. A. Snider, of North 
t Sunday and preached both 
ve other ministers and members 
T. M. Michael, Lakeland, Fla., 

has preached 

Manchester, was with us over 1 
forenoon and evening. We hope to 
coming to Florida stop with us. — M: 
Dec. 19. 


Boise Valley.— Our regular council was held Dec. 5, with Eld. 
Graybill in charge. An election was held for a number of officers 
whose terms begin Jan. 1. Superintendent of the Sunday-school is 
Bro. Earl Flory; Bro. C. H. Jack was reelected president of the 
Christian Workers. It was decided to revive our midweek prayer 
meeting and hold a teacher- training class in conjunction with it. 
Bro. David Betts was chosen elder for the coming year. The pastoral 
board reported being unable so far to locate an available pastor.— 
Mrs. C. E. Sandy, Meridian, Idaho, Dec. IS. 


Coal Creek (Canton).— Dec. 3 Bro. Wm. L. Hatcher and wife, of 

Summitville, Ind., moved here to take up pastoral work. Dec. 
9 we held a business meeting. Officers were elected for the coming 
year, with Bro. Hatcher, elder; Sister Lizzie Wcsteriield, church 
secretary ; Sister H. A. Kramer, correspondent, and Bro. Harry 
Bucher, Sunday-school superintendent. Our pastor will hold a 
series of meetings here beginning Jan. 10, with a love feast at 
the close.— Mrs. W. D. Vansyckel, Canton, 111., Dec. 19. 

Mt. Carroll church met in council Dec. 17, with the writer pre- 
siding. Church and Sunday-school officers for the year are as 
follows: Elder, I. R. Young; clerk, Sister Ella Wiler; superintendent, 
Israel Cripe. This church has been without a pastor for some 
time, hut we are hopeful that the new pastor, Wm. J. Brenneman, 
of Chicago, serving Hickory Grove and Mt. Carroll, will be able 
to put new life into this organization.— I. R. Young, Lanark, 111., 
Dec. 20. 

Panther Creek church met in council Dec. 12, with Eld. J. W. 
Switzer in charge. The church officers for the new year are as 
follows: Elder, Bro. Switzer; clerk, Bro. Curtiss McCauley; cor- 
respondent and "Messenger" agent, the writer; Sunday-school super- 
intendent, Bro. Elbert Bryant. Reports were made by the different 
officers. Bro. Switzer was chosen as a committee to procure an 
evangelist for next fall. Bro. McGuire and family, who live in 
our parsonage, are going to stay with us, for which we arc glad. 
We feel that their year's work was not in vain. Bro. Ernest Cawley 
and family are moving in from Canada and will be a great help 
both in our Sunday-school and church services. We decided to put in 
a call for District Meeting for 1926. We also reorganized our Aid 
Society at this meeting, with Sister Jessie Yordy as president.— Elsie 
Noffsinger, Benson, 111,, Dec. 17. 

Romine church met in council Dec. 19, with Eld. Urias Blough 
in charge. The following officers were elected: Elder, Urias Blough; 
church clerk and "Messenger" agent, Sister Blough; correspondent, 
the writer. Sunday-school officers were also chosen. The envelope 
system is working very nicely. We have raised over $40 for mis- 
sions during the year. Sister Biough was reelected missionary secre- 
tary and treasurer. On Thanksgiving a children's program and a ser- 
mon were given in the morning, followed by a basket dinner and a 
pleasant social time.— Katy M. Baker, Salem, 111., Dec. 21. 


Arcadia— Union Thanksgiving services were held in our church, 
with two other churches of the town taking part. Special music 
was rendered by each church. Rev. J. D. Abel, pastor of the 
Christian church, delivered the sermon. An offering was taken 
which was divided equally. Dec. 5 the Sunday-school gave a 
missionary program at which time the children turned in their 

irnings for the Dahanu hospital in India. Bro. G. F. Wagoi 

of Pyr 

ing and evening Dec. 13, 

■ay conducting a series 

to grow in interest.— 

ting each 
t at the 
"he three 

int, Ind., preached for us both 
in the absence of our pastor, who w 
of mee tings. Our Sunday - school con 
Sarah Kinder, Arcadia, Ind., Dec. 20. 

Andrews.— Dec. 12 we held our regular council, with Eld. Warstler 
as moderator. Officers for the coming year were elected for the 
Sunday -school; also the necessary church committees were ap- 
pointed. The new ballot system was used and we are finding it 
very helpful. Now we have two Sunday-school departments instead 
of one; each has its own opening and separate organization. Bro. 
Clias. Eckman was elected superintendent of the adult department. 
Each class has a wejl qualified teacher and substitute teachers 
have also been appointed. The new Brethren graded 
used. The young people have recently reorganized, me 
Sunday evening in a separate room. The juniors me 
same time, and all convene for worship at 7:30. 
churches of Andrews, observed Thanksgiving in a union service. 
Nov. 29 the juniors and young people gave a Thanksgiving program 
to the entire congregation. These departments gave a pageant 
and a White Gift service Sunday evening, Dec. 20. Four gave 
themselves when the pastor gave the invitation. The young 
people have pledged money for one share at Camp Mack; two 
shares are already accredited to this church. Mr. Laben Finton 
has been elected correspondent for the Y. P. D.— Mrs. Mary Mc- 
Dnniel, Andrews, Ind., Dec. 21. 

Auburn.— At the council meeting of the church Dec. 18' the follow- 
ing officers were elected for the coming year: Clerk, Bro. Mcrritt 
Hanson; church correspondent, Sister Ethel Snivcly; church trustee, 
Bro. E. Kennedy; " Messenger " agent, Sister Kennedy; Sunday - 
school superintendent, A. J. Witt.— Ethel Snively, Auburn, Ind., 
Dec. 19. 

Bachelor Run church met in council Dec. 12, with Eld. Wm. Angle 
presiding. Bro. Musselman, of the Flora church, was with us in 
choosing an elder for another year. Bro. Angle was almost 
unanimously elected. Two letters were received. Officers for Sun- 
day-school and church were chosen, with Bro. Chas. Myer, super- 
intendent. Nov. 26 Bro. Finnell gave a stereopticon lecture on 
peace. We recently had a missionary program and a talk by 
Minerva Metzger, returned missionary from China. The children 
afterward gave their offering, which they had earned this summer 
by investing a quarter each. The amount was $70.-10; the young 
married people's class pledged $50 for missions and our Thanks- 
giving offering was $54.61, making $175.01.— Mrs. Mary Moshier, Bring- 
hurst, Ind., Dec. IS. 

Bremen church met in council Dec. 5, 
officiating. One letter was granted and 
ficcrs for the year were elected as folio 
clerk; Bro. Chas. C. Cripe, " Messenger 
respondent ; Bro. Perry Tschupp, presiden 

committee on finance. New officers elected were Bro. Grant Steele, 
clerk; Bro. D. A. Rupel, trustee. After the regular work was 
completed the visiting elders proceeded to take the voice of the 
church as to the installation of Bro. L J. Kreider to the eldership. 
This was unanimously approved and he and his wife were installed.— 
Mary Marklcy, North Liberty, Ind., Dec. IS. 

Ogans Creek church enjoyed a scries of meetings Nov. 15 to 
29, conducted by Bro. Melvin D. Stutsman, of Goshen, Ind. We 
feel the good seed has been sown which will result in good. We 
had services on Thanksgiving evening with talks by several breth- 
ren. An offering of $7.42 was taken. Our council was held Dec. 
!7. with Bro. E. H. Gilbert presiding. Bro. J. H. Wright, from 
North Manchester, was also present. New officers were elected for 
the coming year, with Ira Kreider, elder; Metta Kreider, Sunday- 
school superintendent. We arc expecting Bro. Virgil C. Finnell 
to give his lecture on peace Dec. 22. This is 
about six miles from a strong church bin 

good we can. We would be glad foi 

,-ith Eld. Chas. C. Cripe 
ie received. Church of- 

nt; the writer, cor- 
lult Christian Work- 
y begin the Sunday- 
school year in October, so the officers were elected at our September 
council, with Bro. Harry Wright, superintendent. Oct. 25 was 
our Rally Day and it proved to ' be a great help to our school. 
Sister Winnie Cripe gave a missionary message both morning and 
evening. We have "been favored with a number of messages by 
her which were greatly appreciated. Our series of meetings began 
Oct. 25 and continued for three weeks, conducted by our pastor, 
Bro. Chas. C. Cripe. Interest and attendance were good. We much 
appreciated the attendance of the members of the adjoining con- 
gregations and for the special music which they gave us. Five 
were added to the church by baptism. Wc expect to have a Christ- 
mas program Sunday evening, Dec. 20.— Mrs. Emma Tschupp, South 
Bend, Ind., Dec. 17. 

Buck Creek church has just closed a two weeks' revival, con- 
ducted by Bro. I. B. Wlke, of Arcadia. He preached the Word 
with power and labored earnestly for' the salvation of souls. Five 
accepted Christ as their Savior and the church was greatly strength- 
ened spiritually. There was special music each evening by our 
ig leader, Sister Etta Helman.— Phebe E. Teeter, Mooreland, Ind., 



luragement from other church' 
anchester, Ind., Dec. 17. 
Wabash City church met 
icmbcr of the Mission B 
chnan, also was present. 

II church located 
trying to do 
help and en- 
around us.— Metta Kreider. North 

council Dec. 8, with Eld. Perry Coblentz, 
■d, in charge. Our pastor, Bro. H. H. 
We decided to elect our Sunday-school 
officers for nine mouths so our new officers would begin Oct. 1, 
as our graded lessons do. Sunday-school superintendent for the 
adults is Bro. Dorsa Brubakcr; church clerk, Bro. Roy Crull; " Mcs- 
enger " agent and church correspondent, the writer. Nov. 22 we 
were favored with a pageant, " The Pink Rose," given by the 
chorus class of the West Manchester church. It was very good 
and was enjoyed by a full house. Dec. 15 Bro. Virgil C. Finnell 
gave his pictures and lecture on peace, which was very instructive. 
One member has been received by letter since our last report. The 
ivork here is progressing very nicely under our new pastor, Bro. 
H. H. Helman. He is a very earnest worker and has the work 
very much at heart. Any one knowing of members moving into 
the city, please- notify the writer— Mrs. Charles Circle, 825 W. Hill 
St., Wabash, Ind., Dec. 16. • 

West Eel River congregation met in ;i business meeting Dec. 
12, with Bro. Geo. Mi shier presiding. One letter of membership 
was granted. Reports of committees were read and new officers' 
elected for the new year as follows: Geo. Mishler, elder; Bro. 
Mahlon Rhodes. Sunday-school superintendent; Bro. Ralph Montcl. 
clerk; the writer, correspondent.— Ruth Metzger, Claypool, Ind., 
Dec. 16. 


Ankeny church received into church fellowship five by baptism 
Dec. 13. Two were elderly ladies who held in very high esteem 
the memory of their mother's church. The other three were young 
in years. An all-day meeting was held with basket dinner and 
business meeting in the afternoon. Some church and Sunday-school 
officers were chosen for the coming year. Our work here is grow- 
ing in interest and attendance. There is a splendid outlook for 
those desiring to do church or Sunday-school work, or who hove 
children in school, as we have a splendid school and church.— J. 
O Goughnour, Ankeny, Iowa, Dec. 17. 

Greene church met in council Nov. 27, with Eld. J. F. Burton 
presiding. Two. letters were granted. Church officers were elected 
for the yean beginning Jan. 1: Bro. Everett Hodgiti. clerk; Bro, 
J. D. Shook, "Messenger" agent; the writer, correspondent. Various 
committees were also elected. We decided to do some repair work 
in the basement of the church in the near future. We enjoyed 
a splendid missionary program on Thanksgiving morning. One of 
the numbers was an essay on the fiftieth anniversary of our mission 
work. This was followed "by a service of praise and words of 
gratitude and thankfulness from most of our members present, led 
by our pastor, which was very impressive. An offering of $18, JO 
was lifted for the Ceneral Mission Board. The church decided 
to have a revival in June, just after Annual Conference, with Bro. 
L. H. Root, of Wetonka, S. Dak., evangelist. Sister Eva Kingcry 
has been elected general superintendent of the *hn-c departments 
of our Christian Workers' Meeting.— Elsie A. Pyle, Greene, Iowa, 



Independence church met i 
C. Daggett presiding. Th< 
W. H. Miller, elder; Chas. 
church secretary; Ear! Corn 
Amos, "Messenger" agent; 
school superintendent, Chas. 
'dent, Stella Amos. Our rev 

North Liberty congregation held the December business meeting 
°n the 8th. Brethren Claybaugh and Kesler were with us. A com- 
mittee was chosen for Sunday evening programs; also a new 

Iowa River church met in council Dec. 6 at the church, with Eld. 
-E. E. Jarboe presiding. Officers for the coming year were elected, 
with Harl Russell, superintendent. We sent the first half of our 
quota to Mt. Morris College. Our Thanksgiving missionary offer- 
ing was $31.50. Our love feast was held at the church Saturday 
e.-ening, Oct. 10, with a good representation present. We are 
practicing on a program to be given on Christmas eve, Dec. 24,— 
Clara Belle Bowles, Marsballtown, Iowa, Dec. 16. 

East Maple Grove church met in council Dec. 5, with Eld. W. 
A. Kinzie as moderator. Two letters were granted. The ciders 
of the Northeastern District of Kansas appointed Elders H. T. 
Brubaker and A. D. Crist to ordain Bro. A. J. Ellenbergcr ami 
wife to the elder's office. This was done at our December council. 
1924, but was not reported in the " Messenger."— Mrs. L. R. Hardy, 
Gardner, Kans., Dec. 16. 

Hutchinson.— Dec, 13 we held our love feast, with about ninety 
gathered around the Lord's table, Bro. A. G. Miller, from Ordway, 
t.'olo., officiated. We appreciated Brother and Sister Miller's presence 
as they had much to do in erecting our church, and Bro. Miller 
\rns the first minister to have charge in the new church. Since our 
last writing baptism has been administered on five successive Sun- 
days, to nine converts from Hutchinson and five from Pleasant 
View. Our young people's conference was held here Dec. 6. Many 
:■ oung folks were gathered here from six different churches. The 
house was filled to overflowing at the time oi this splendid meet- 
ing which was one of the best I have ever attended. They brought 
us a mesage in song, in readings and in talks. Dec. 2 Bro. F. 
M. Crumpacker gave us a message from China, showing conditions 
at the beginning of the mission work and as they arc today. Dr. 
Kurtz will be with us Dec. 20. We arc just now in the midst of 
our Christmas preparations. Our young folks are preparing a cantata. 
As Brother and Sister Luckctt cannot be with us at Christmas 
on account oi being engaged in a series of mectingB at Parsona, 
Kans., the church gave them a Christmas offering Dec, 13 in ap- 
preciation of their labors among us.— Mrs. La Meta Dawson, Hutch- 
inson. Kans., Dec. IS. 

special council Dec. 7, with Eld. A. 
following church officers were elected: 
Cline, church foreman; J. L. Amos, 
and Herbert Burroughs, stewards; Stella 
and the writer, correspondent; Sunday - 
Cline; Senior Christian Workers' prcsi- 
val meetings closed with five additions 
to the church. Brother and Sister Harner are able evangelists 
and are not afraid to speak the truths of God. Our communion 
■services were held Dec. S and all enjoyed a spiritual blessing.— 
Herbert Burroughs. Independence, Kans., Dec. 15. 

Lawrence church met in council Dec. IS, with Bro. Bergen in 
charge. Officers for the coming year were elected as follows: Clerk, 
Mrs. B. S. Katherman; correspondent and "Messenger" agent, 
Mrs. J. W. Gorbutt; Sunday-school superintendent, J. F. Metzger. 
Having previously been a mission point the Lawrence church is 
rejoicing -in the fact that it is now independent. The treasurer's 
report was the best ever made in the history of the church. Since 
Bro. Bergen has been here the church has made a steady and 
substantial growth. All feel encouraged that the work will con- 
tinue and* the church take her place among the other churches of 
the city. Bro. O. H. Feiler, of McPherson, will be here sometime 
in March in a revival effort at the • 
feast will be held.— Mrs. J. W. Gorbutt, Law 
Morrill.— Our quarterly council convened Dc 
W. H. Yoder. in charge. All church officer: 
coming year, also those for the senior, junit 
Christian Workers. Bro. I. L. Peck was r 

superintendent. The church voted to send Bro. Yoder to the 
Pastors' Conference to be held in Chicago Feb. 1-6. Bro. Yoder 
appears on the program at that time. A call has been extended 
tu Brother and Sister 0. H. Austin for a revival meeting and 
lhey will be with us in September. The three lectures given here 
Dec. 6 and 7, by Bro. E. H. Eby, missionary, were of great interest 
and brought the India mission field very near us. The presence of 
Bro. Eby here was appreciated not only by our own church members 
but by many others who knew him when he lived here as a boy. 
Automobile Day was recently observed with fifty cars at the church 
ami an attendance of 260. Our Thanksgiving offering amounted to 
$240. The quarters given the Sunday-school children last spring 
for investment brought returns as follows: Primary Department, 
$122; junior department, about $75; intermediate, also $75. The Cradle 
Roll offering for Christmas was $7.21. This all goes to the Dahanu 
Hospital, India. Dr. D. W. Kurtz will begin a Bible Institute here 
Dec. 27 and in connection will give a number of his best lectures.— 
Elma Hobbs, Morrill, Kans., Dec. 17. 

Monitor church met in business session Nov. 28. Church and 
Sunday-school officers were elected for the coming year. Reports 
were made and plans for the future success of the work were 
disposed of satisfactorily. We had a spiritual worship service at 
lb.- church the forenoon of Thanksgiving Day, followed by a basket 
dinner and social time. A lecture course of varied numbers is being 
well patronized. The church orchestra is working faithfully. A 
giving Christinas program is being prepared by the different de- 
partments of Sunday-school. The work at this place is progressing 
under the leadership of our pastor, Bro, D. P. Schechtcr. and his 
efficient helpmeet.— Mrs. Pearl B. Stutzman, Conway. Kans., Dec. 1. 
Salem.— We received two into the church by baptism last Sunday. 
In the song service we had the help of Bro. McConnell as he 
was in our midst over the week end. The primary department will 
give a program in the morning and the young folks will give a 
pageant in the evening on Sunday following Christmas.— Etta 
McGonigle, Nickerson, Kans., Dec. 21. 

Topcka.- Evangelist O. H. Feiler came to our church Dec. 2 
to conduct a revival meeting, which closed Sunday evening. Dee. 20. 
The last Sunday we had services all day. Dinner was served at 
noon and everyone enjoyed the social advantages which this 
Opportunity afforded. Bro. Feiler gave us three splendid messages 
the last day. As the result of his labors six were added to the 
church by baptism. Bro. Fcilcr's personal work has brought the 
church nnd schools into closer relationship. Ten visits were made 
to the grades and high school. The students showed their en- 
thusiasm by attending the meetings: commcndably and the high 
school orchestra furnished the music one evening. The church 
and school have never before cooperated so nicely. Not only has 
the community been made better by this revival but the neighbor- 
ing churches of Ozawkie, Overhrnok, Appanoose and McPherson 
which have been represented, have also been helped. The Topcka 
church itself has been richly blessed by the sermons given by 
Bro. Teller, especially those on praver, the home and mother. Wc 
feel 'that each member has been made to love the Christ more 
an. I that each will wish to devote bis life more wholly to the 
Work Of I he Kingdom: Bro. Feiler will long he remembered by 
the Tupeka church. -Mary M. Smith. Oakland, Kans., Dec. 21. 

Cherry Grove church met in council Nov. 14, with Eld. Arthur 
Scrogum presiding. It was decided to keep our Sunday-school 
open all winter and to begin a Christian Workers' Society in the 
spring. It was reported that Sister Ida C. Sbumakcr, of Meyers- 
dale, Pa., would speak for us Dec. 13, and that Bro. Snyder, of 
Hun tin goon, l J n., would bold our revival next summer. We feel 
very fortunate to secure the services of these able workers. On 
the evening of Thanksgiving Day the children rendered a very 
acceptable program, after which the pastor preached a sermon. An 
offering was taken, onchalf to go for local expenses and one-half 
lin missions. Dec, 13 Sister Ida C. Shumaker spoke both morning 
and evening lo large, appreciative audiences. Tile offering for 
missions on Thanksgiving Day with what was received at these 
services amounted to $70,02. Wc feel glad that our small church 
could contribute something toward the spread of the Gospel. These 
offerings were made possible because of the growth of the mis- 
sionary spirit among our members, For example, one girl did 
without a iipw coat, and one family decided to give the price of 
,i Thanksgiving turkey. A report of our Vacation Bible School 
(ailed to appear in print with our last note. Bro. Saylor Cubbage 
assisted our paitor, Bro. R. A. Haney, in the school July 13 to 25. 
The enrollment was twenty-seven. At the close of the school 
children rendered a program .—Mrs. D. M. Merrill, Lonaconing, 



Peach Blossom conjugation met in council at the Easron house 
Nov. 27, with Eld. Wm. Sanger presiding. All of the Sunday-school 
officers and church committees were elected for the coming year. 
Eld. Wm. Sanger was reelected as elder for three years. Our 
house of worship being too small and located so it would be un- 
desirable to add to it, a committee was appointed to consider the 
advisability of selling the present building and seeking a more 
desirable location. Thanksgiving Day we held our annual Sun- 
day-school Convention at the Fairview house. The Denton and 
Ridgely congregations joined us and a very splendid program was 
given both in the morning and afternoon. Basket lunch was served 
at the church. Two liberal offerings were lifted, one for the Chu - - 
drcn's Home and one for the General Mission Board. Nov. 29 Bro. 
Harry Zciglcr, pastor of the Ridgely church, began a revival service 
at the Fairview church. For two weeks he lahored can 



Va., began a 

;ing us earnest 

preached the Word with power and heart 
attendance and interest were good. Sister Flor 
ducted the song service,— Mrs. Barry Fox, Easton, 
Ridgcly.-Nov. 7 Bro. E. E. Blough, of Manas 
revival meeting and continued for two weeks, bi 
and helpful messages. As a result three we 
church. Interest and attendance were good. Nov. 21 we held our 
love feast, which was well attended, Bro. Blough officiated. At 
our regular council in October Bro. Chas. F. Cherry was re- 
elected Sunday-school superintendent for 1926, and Sister Florence 
Zieglcr, Christian Workers' president. On Thanksgiving Day instead 
of our regular service wc took part in a joint Sunday-school con- 
vention in the Peach Blossom congregation and held a Thanksgiving 
service on the Sunday following.— Mary Cherry. Ridgely. Md., Dec. 4. 


Bcavcrton.— Dec. 4 wc held our regular members' meeting, with 
Eld P. A, Arnold presiding. Wc elected all church officers for 
the coming year: Elder, P. A. Arnold; clerk. Ethel Whitmer. We 
also chose a committee who will make out our financial budget for 
the coming year. We will try to secure a pastor for 
the summer months although we are doing very nicely under 
the guidance of Bro. P. A, Arnold, and we do appreciate his labors 
with us. On Thanksgiving Day we held a service 
which we took an offering of $290 for world-wide 
next members' meeting will be held on the evening 
Mae Whitmer, Beaverton, Mich., Dec. 17. 

Onokama church met in council in October and elected Sunday- 
school and church officers for the coming year: Bro. J. E. Joseph, 
ddcr and pastor; Bro. E. G. Sellers, Sunday-school superintendent; 
church correspondent and " Messenger " agent, Ruth Bowman. 
Members were also chosen on the missionary and Christian Workers' 
committees. We expect to give a missionary program shortly after 
the holidays. Bro. W. R. Miller 

: the close 
nisslons. Our 
of March 5.- 

of which the spring 
vrence, Kans., Dec. 16. 
c. 4, with the pastor, 
were elected for the 
r and young people's 
iclected Sunday-school 

Nevinger. Oneka 

la, Mich., Dec. 20. 



feast Nov. 7, when Brc 





LcwUton church met in council Dec. I. with Bro. Glen Monti 

icting as moderator. He is elder of this church. Bro. Chas. 

(Continued on Page 16) 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 2, 1926 


(Continued from Page 11) 
grape juice were placed on the tables. Ater supper.jt 
a given signal, every 

took the bread in his right 

"This bread which we break [X), is the communion of 
the body of Christ," we paused at X and broke the 
bread into two pieces, and then completing the sentence, 
wc all ate together. And while I like the old way this 
method tends wonderfully towards the unity and solidarity 
body. But after all is said and done, the teaching 
and not the breaking, of 


Cherry Grove and vicinity 

came for baptism, until there were 

man was one of those baptized at that time 

is with respect to the eating 
the bread. 

Just as I am leaving Hagerstown, a letter comes from 
my good wife, saying she has been enjoying the perusal 
of Father Emmert's old diaries. She says: 'Two things 
I found from father's diaries: (1) Bro. James Quinter 
preached in the congregations of Northern Jl mo.| a few 
nights at a place in the winter of 1874-75; (2) Bro. 
Daniel Stouffer visited and sang in this part of the 
country about the same time. A great r.vivJ came to 
the summer of 1875; no 
ind threes the people 
60 or 70. Sam Eshel- 
On Nov. 
V 1875 the meeting was called to elect Bro. Hope to 
the ministry, and to send him to Denmark. May the 
preaching of Bro. Quinter and the singing of Bro. Stouffer 
have been instrumental in bringing about the revival. 
Waynesboro, Pa., Monday, Nov. 30 
I like the Monday off, between meetings. I am now in 
Waynesboro, at the home of my Bro. Mitchell. How 
many folks here I would like to call on, folks who afford 
pleasant memories, and whose present activity m the 
church calls for such a response as is good every way 
you take it. I was glad to be shown through the newly 
enlarged church, with all its departments amply pro- 
vided for and things astir in preparation for the ap- 
proaching Christmas season. Bro. J. M. Moore and fam- 
ily live next door, just the place where the pastor ought 
to be. And Bro. Moore, like Bro. Holsopple, seems to 
be on the job about eighteen hours every day. Having 
attended the splendid ministerium of the Johnstown pas- 
tors it wonders me why the Brethren pastors here in the 
Cumberland Valley, with Hagerstown and Waynesboro 
as the two centers of the ellipse, could not have a 
monthly ministerial gathering which would be exceedingly 
profitable to all concerned; the first Monday from Z 
to 4 P. M. every month. 

Brownsville, Md., Saturday, Dec. 5 
About two years ago I began to get letters from Mrs. 
Ira L Kitzell, Brownsville, Md., asking if I could not 
come some time. I kept the letters, replying that I would 
if I could, "some time." While in Cleveland the let- 
ters kept coming. And when I had arranged to come to 
Hagerstown, I also remembered Brownsville, to be 
hunted up on the map, when the time came. And Browns- 
ville, why, it is just at the gates of the beautiful Cum- 
berland Valley, and nestled in between the encircling 
hills, mountains they call them, but so close together 
that on a clear frosty morning, a man with a good stout 
voice, I think could stand on one slope and call to 
a woman on the other, and she would hear him. The 
buildings are on the hill sides, frequently with water 
all through the house, piped fresh from the spring a 
few hundred feet farther up. A little further on is Harper's 
Ferry, one physical outlet of the valley, of which Harris- 
burg is the other. And all through these parts dwell 
many of our people, a living testimony that in the years 
now gone, men of faith and vision must have tramped 
these hills, and built for the future a real religious con- 
sciousness. I have my home at Bro. Ira Kitzell's, and 
with the pastor, Bro. Millard Wilson, have called on five 
schools, as well as made a trip to the Old Folks' 
Home, called the Fahrney Home, and to Hagerstown 
farther up the Valley, as well as called on folks. "Butcher- 
ing day" was interesting. It is celebrated as in the 
olden time; neighbors spend the day in helping each 
the other; preachers use the opportunity to mix with 
the busy crowd; one or two folks are hired as professional 
butchers who see that things keep moving, they them- 
selves leading in the work. Friday was butcher day at 
Hahn's; we were invited; we accepted, of course. It 
reminded me more of a country sale than anything else, 
and yet the social feature was much more evident than 
it can be at a sale. When the call came for dinner 
(what a "dinner I) we went in relays; there were three 
successive tables, nine at each table; all on the occa- 
sion of the putting away of four big fat hogs. These 
social events afford a real occasion for friends and rela- 
tives to get together, such as have passed out of the 
experience of very many of us. And everybody is sup- 
posed to help. 

Bro. Wilson and his good wife Rebecca are young 
people just out of Blue Ridge College, and just the kind 
that men of fault-finding inclinations delight to pick 
at. Once he was getting off at Weverton, and was the 
only passenger to alight; the conductor, on seeing the 
situation, remarked: "I had to stop the whole train 

just for this -boy I" And Rebecca is like unto her hus- 

The church had been getting on fairly well, "fair to 
middling," but something was wanting. Some thought 
they needed a pastor, and others doubted; one good fam- 
ily had a house which they did not need, and they were 
urged to sell it, but they did not, for they said: "We 
will want a house for a pastor some time, and this 
will be just what we want— when the time comes— if it 
comes." And they got a pastor ; he came single, and was mar- 
ried less than a year ago. He has been with the congregation, 
which has three preaching places, almost two years now, 
and seventy have been added to the church in that time, 
hurch is apparently in good working order, and the 
ieems turned in our direction. The situation looks 
good to me. I tell Millard and Rebecca that I almost 
envy them their job. I believe in our church and her 
young people. The whole train will stop for a boy who 
knows where he wants to get off I 
Muncie, Rural Route 2, MU.Uam.wa, Tuesday, Dec. 8 

In Muncie I had the pleasure of meefing the Austins at 
the home of Bro. Ralph Rarick. Their interesting meet- 
ings are on now; I pray ours may be good too, begin- 
ning tonight. W. B. Stover. 

Mt. Morris, 111. 

The i 

Phares J. Forney. Interment took place in the East Peters' 
burg Brethren cemetery. 

Ada had developed strong traits of character. She had 
deep convictions which meant much to herself and her 
friends. Teaching was her work and her livelihood yet 
one year she refused to teach because she would be 
required to do so without her prayer covering, and she 
accepted a school only when she could be in readiness 
to pray at any moment. She was so cheerful, so ready 
and willing to help, such a " comfortable " person to have 

The high ideals of Christian womanhood which she cul- 
tivated inspired many others, even those older than she 
was herself. How she impressed her friends and ac- 
quaintances is shown by expressions of regret from her 
pupils, teachers, college chums, fellow-workers and em- 

Ada was open-minded to the good. She was much in- 
terested in Daily Vacation Bible School work; she con- 
ducted two in the last summer. Thus while we are so 
sad because of her vacant place we can rejoice in the 
thought that she lived for her Master. She is survived 
by her parents, and two brothers and five sisters. 

East Petersburg, Pa. S. Clyde Weaver. 


Ada Gibbel Young, thirteenth child of Brother and Sis- 
ter Elias S. Young, was born in the East Fairview District 
June 20 1896. During her babyhood the family moved 
' to East Peters- 

burg, which has 
been their home 

Ada was a born 
leader, and gener- 
ally led in playing 
church and school. 
She was a faith- 
ful Sunday-school 
scholar and united 
with the church in 
1909 at the age of 
thirteen, during 
meetings conduct- 
ed by Bro. I. N. H. 
Beahm. Early in 
her Christian life 
she began teaching 
in the Sunday- 
school, work which she carried on almost continually 
through life. 

She attended Millersville State Normal School two 
years and was a student at Elizabethtown College. She 
taught during the school term of 1915-16; returned to 
Elizabethtown for the following year and finished what 
was called the English Scientific Course. The next two 
years she taught the Fairview School. Here she spent 
some of happiest teaching days. She adopted the motto 
of one of her teachers: "Expect great things from God; 
attempt great things for God." Furthermore, she had 
for her example the Master Teacher. She returned to 
Elizabethtown and finished the pedagogical course in 
1920. The next two terms she taught the Intermediate 
school in her home town. During the vacation between 
these two terms she was chosen to represent the church 
in mission work. This had for some time been her secret 
aim. She resumed her work at Elizabethtown College 
for now the church was to help her prepare for definite 
mission work, at home or abroad as the need might re- 
quire. She finished the A. B. course in education, working 
in more and more Bible study. She served on the Stu- 
dent Council and as president of the Young Women's 
Welfare Association, laboring to uphold the Christian 
ideals for which the school and the church stand. She 
was sent to help represent the student body at the World's 
Student Conference in Indianapolis during the New Year's 
season of 1924. 

She had long hoped to be a student in Bethany Bible 
School and had that privilege the last year of her 
earthly career. She was active in the mission work of 
the school and here, too, was chosen president of the girls' 
association ; but did not return to fill the position. She 
attended the Conference at Winona Lake as one of the 
representatives of the home church. Becoming ill the 
second week in September she developed typhoid fever. 
She was anointed in the first week of her sickness with 
which the pain she suffered left. She was beautifully pa- 
tient and thoughtful for others when her own condition 
was so uncomfortable. Nurses and doctors did what they 
could but she gradually weakened and passed beyond Oct. 

She was looking forward to definitely planned work in 
Johnson City, Tenn., where she was expected to be 
about the first of November, and had her trunk partly 
packed for going; nevertheless she was entirely surren- 
dered to his will. 

Services at the home were followed by services at the 
church attended by more than 1,500 people. AH the 
home ministers having a part, namely: Brethren A. E. 
Hottenstein, M. G. Forney, W. N. Zobler, Roy S. Forney, 


scnger ' 
be made > 

hat the fifty cents required for the pul 

l_- 1I_J i~ „ I I. r ..* mnntrta' *' 

,ay b. 

hen the notice 

,pplied to a three 1 

he newly-married couple. Kequ< 

s sent, and full address given. 

Gates-Evans.— By the undersigned, E 
Bro. A. Z. Gates, of Beattie, Kans., a> 
Lawrence, Kans.— W. W. Blough, Sum 

Gindlesperger- Weaver.— By the U 
Oct. 6, 1925, Guy C. Gindlesp_erge: 
Scalp Level congregati 

z. 1, 192S. at the parsonage, 
t Mrs. Emily E. Evans, of 
erfield, Kans. 

gned, at the bride's home, 
and Mary E. Weaver, both of 
Knepper, Windber, Pa. 

-At the 
.925, W 

Sister Ruth Watts, 

Hughes- Watts.- 


home of the bride's brother near Preston, 
. George Hughes, of Lime Springs, Iowa, 
of Preston, Minn.— G. R. Montz, Preston, 


White-Joseph.-Bv the undersigned, at the Pleasant View church 
near Lima Ohio Nov. 26, 1925, Bro. Lawrence Irvm White, of 
Connersville, Ind., and Sister Sara Jane Joseph, of Lima, Ohio- 
David Byerly, Lima, Ohio. ^^_^^_ 


E. Winder, born in Troy, Kans., and died 
.:rt, Kans., Oct. 31, 1925, aged 59 years, 8 months 
' She was' married to George Balm March 28, 1889. 
ith the Brethren Church Dec. 24, 1905. She leaves 
two adopted children, one sister and four brothers. 
Services at the Victor church by the pastor, Bro. F. A. Wagner.— 
Anna F. Winder, Waldo, Kans. 

Bechtel, Ira M-, born in Elkhart County, Ind., died in South 
Bend, Ind., Dec. 4, 1925, aged 55 years, 8 moi 
is survived by two sisters. He becr-- 

Balm, Sister Lizzi 
n her home near Co 
md 23 days. 
She united \ 
ier husband, 

ths and 25 days. He 
ember of the Church 
l y in life and for the last nine years had be- 
First church of South Bend. Burial at Union Center, 
„„ by the writer, assisted by Eld. Hiram Roose and 
Eld. Henry Wysong.— Frank Kreider, Goshen, Ind. 

Brooks, Melvin, died at his home Nov. 1, 1925, following a stroke 
of paralvsis which he suffered a short time previous. His age was 
59 years. Services by the writer.-R. A. Nedrow, Ludlowville, N. Y. 

Heatherington, Robert, died at his home in Ludl< 
Nov. 11, 1925, aged nearly 79 years. Servic 
Nedrow, Ludlowville, N. Y. 

Idle, Bro. Aaron, son of Franklin and Sarah Ann Idle, born May 
11, 1870, in Clinton County, Ind., died Dec. 10, 1925. 
he married Amy Studebakcr. There wen 
daughter. Five years ago last March they 
Ind.. near the Buck Creek church. He joii 
Bn-thren at Rossville, Ind. Services *— 

by the writer.— R. A. 


four sons and one 
loved to Bluntsvillc, 
[ the Church of the 
B. Wike, assisted' by 


the Buck Creek cemetery.— Phebe E. 

Teeter, Moorcland, Ind. 

Lutz, Sister Julian, widow of the late Adam Lutz, died in Lititz, 
Nov 14, 1925, aged 79 years. She is survived by three daughters, 
one son' twenty -five grandchildren, twenty- four great-grandchildren 
and two brothers. Services at the Middle Creek church by the 
home ministers. Burial in the adjoining cemetery.— Florence B. 
Gibbel, Lititz, Pa. 

Miller Rebecca Catherine, eldest daughter of Thompson and Sarah 
Driver Miller, born in Rockingham Co., Va., Oct. 18, 1869. She came 
to Brooklyn, Iowa, with her parents over fifty years ago. She 
united with the Church of the Brethren in youth and was a faith- 
ful, consistent member to the end. She is survived by her parents, 
three sisters and six brothers. Services by the writer, assisted 
by Rev. Holler and H. M. Fields.— S. B. Miller, Cedar Rapids, Iowa. 

Philpott, Milton Eldridge, son of T. J. and Lurane PMlp°«. born 
in Virginia, died at his home near Olympia, Wash., Dec. 4, IWa, 
aged 47 years and 2 months. He married Rosy Roberson Oct. 
24 1900. There were eight children, six of whom, with the widow, 
survive During his long illness he was brought under con- 
viction and united with the Church of the Brethren. Services by 
the writer, assisted by Eld. E. S. Gregory.— D. B. Eby, Olympia, 

Riningor, Sister Barbara Arbogast, born in Snyder County, Pa., 
.lied at the home of her daughter, Mrs. M. Ditzler, near Mogadorc, 
Dec 10 1925 aged 68 years, 1 month and 15 days. She came 
to Ohio with her parents when a child. She married Isaac Rininger 
Feb 14, 1875. Her husband and two daughters preceded her. One 
son one daughter and six grandchildren survive. Sister Riningei 
united with the Church of the Brethren in 1911 and was a faith- 
ful member until death. Services at the Springfield church by 
Eld C L Wilkins, assisted by Bro. M. S. Young and Rev. J. F. 
Messenger, of the Christian Church. Burial in Millheim cemetery- 
Alice C. Mumaw, Mogadore, Ohio. 

Slifcr, Sister Clara E., nee Shafer. widow of Martin Slifer, died 
at the home of her daughter 
Md., of general debility Nov. 6, 

four years she served 1 

Church of the Brethren, i 
kind friend and neighbor 

Lord a: 

J. Edgar Rowland, Maugansville, 
1925, aged 88 years. For sixty- 
t a faithful, loyal member of the 

Manor congregation. She was 
/as beloved and esteemed by all 



church by 
'.eichard. Intermer 
Fairplay, Md. 

. .ived by three sons and three daughters, 
and sixteen great-grandchildren. Serrices 
Iro. D. Victor Long, assisted by Bro. Row- 
in the Manor cemetery.— Naomi H. Coff- 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 2, 1926 


Stedroan, Bro. Smith, died at (he home of his daughter in Virgil, 
N. Y„ Nov. 13, 1925, aged 88 years, 10 months and 13 days. When 
a young man he united with the Baptist church and was a very 
active member (or over fifty years. About eight years ago he 
attended services where the Brethren were preaching and was 
finally baptized. His zeal and devotion to the church were mi- 
surpassed-. He lived six miles from the church and not infrequently 
did he rise before six o'clock in the morning, and without breakfast, 
with his cane in one hand and his campstool in the other, would 
start to walk to church. He thus made thirty-eight trips, ac- 
cording to his record. Services in the Baptist church in McLtan 
by the writer, assisted by Bro. J- F. Dayton and Rev. Townsend, 
of the M. E. church.— R. A. Nedrow, Ludlowviilc, N. Y. 

Stout, Wilmer, died at his home in Lansingville, Nov. 30, 1925, 
aged 81 years. Services by Rev. J. C. Crooker, of the M. E. 
church and the writer.— R. A. Nedrow, Ludlow vi lie, N. Y. 

Taylor, Lindclla. son of Isaac and Margaret Taylor, born near 
Cedar Mills, Adams Co., Ohio, died Nov. 25, 1925, after a lingering 
illness of one year with tuberculosis, aged 39 years, 2 months anil 
17 days. He married Nettie Gwynn April 29, 1915. To them four 
children were born, two sons and two daughters, ail of whom with 
their mother survive. He united with the Church of the Brethren 
May 18, 1924, hoth he and his wife under the pastorate of Bro. H. 
M. Coppock. Services by Bro. W. H. Satterfield, assisted by Bro. 
Wesley Hay slip. Interment at Mount Armenia cemetery.— Nettie 
Taylor, West Union, Ohio. 

Tosten, Sister Carrie Rebecca, wife of Allen Tostcn, died near 
Mcrcersburg, in the bounds of the Welsh Run congregation, aged 
37 years, 4 months >and 1 day. She leaves her husband, three 
daughters and one son, Services at the Welsh Run church by Eld. 
D M.~Zuek, assisted by L. E. Elliot. Burial in adjoining cemetery.— 
Otho D. Martin, Mercersburg, Pa. 

Turner, Leonard Fernando, born at Fulk's Run, Va., died at his 
home in La Place, III., Dec. 2, 1925, aged J3 years, 8^ months a— ' 
8 day: 



(lis family, 
suffered a paralytic 
the hand of affliction, 
at Mt. Grove, Va., 
Sunday -school for 

h Alice Fawley in 1895. In 1904, 
noved to Illinois. About six years ago he 
troke and since that time has been under 
He united with the Church of the Brethren 
i 1897, serving in various capacities— in the 
en years. He was elected to the deacon's 
ce and later to the ministry and in 1909 ordained to the elder- 
ship. He was an elder of the Okaw church until his death. 
He leaves his wife, one son and three grandchildren. He 
was very regular and punctual in church work; even after affliction 
came to him he was nearly always found at his post. Services 
at La Place by Geo.' W. Miller and John Arnold. Burial in La 
Place cemetcry.-Geo. W.' Miller, Lintner, III. 

Weaver Samuel A., died suddenly at his home Nov. 19, 1925, aged 
73 years, 6 months and 11 days. He was married to Mary Berkey __ 
\ug 2o' 1871. He and his companion united with the Church of 
the" Brethren in the autumn of 1872, and he had been a very in- 
fluential church member ever since. He served on a number of 
church committees in his younger days and made liberal con- 
tributions to the various church activities. He is survived by his 
widow, two daughters, three sons, twenty-five grandchildren and 
four great-grandchildren; five children preceded him. Services in 
the Scalp Level church by his. pastor, the writer, assisted by Breth- 
ren F. R. Zook, J. J. Shaffer and F. A. Myers. Interment in 
the Berkey cemetery.— L. S. Kncpper, Wijidber, Pa. 

W»K, Sister Miranda, widow of Elias Wolf, died in Lititz, Oct. 
H 1925, aged 7S years. She is survived by three sons, six daughters, 
eighteen grandchildren and eighteen great-grandchildren. Services 
in the Akron church. Burial in Wolf's cemetery.— Florence B. 
Gihbel, Lititz, Pa. 

Young, Sister Amanda, nee Bellman, born at Whitfield, Ohio, 
died Dec. 12, 1925, aged 77 years, 7 i 
Isaac Young in 1S67. To this u_. 
all living at Eaton, Ohio. She had been a faithful member of the 
Church of the Brethren for nearly sixty y^arS. She was one of 
the most loyal members of the Eaton church. Her last work on 
earth was for the Aid, preparing for their new church, hoping soon 
to worship there. She leaves three children and eight grand- 
children. Services by the writer in the home of her daughter, Mrs. 
Lola Conover, where she made her home the last years of her 
life.— R. N. Leatherman, West Alexandria, Ohio. 


General Mist 

rd.— Otho Winger, Chairman, North Manchester, 
T Yoder Vice-Chairman, McPherson, Kans.; A. P. Blough, 
I^VJrant Ave? Waterloo. Iowa; H H. Nye, ^»"e t blown- *£ 
Levi Carst, Salem, Va. Genera! Secretary, Chas D. Bonsack, 
Elgin, III.; Educational Secretary. H. Spenser Mi much, Elgin, 111., 
Home Secretary, M. R. Z.gler, Elgin, 111.; Treasurer, Clyde M. Culp, 
Elgin, 111. 

General Sunday School Board.-C. S. Ikenberry, Chair 
ville, Va.; E. M. Studehaker, Vice-Chairman La Verne, C 
Ober. El zabelhtown, Pa.; L. W. Shulu, North Manchester, i.iu.; 
Eva Lichty Whiskr. MUledgeviUe. 111. General Secretary and Field 
Director Ezra Florv, Elgin, 111.; Secretary Young Peoples Divisicn 
and Treasurer, C. H. Shamberger, Chicago, 111. 

General Educational Board.-D. W. Kurtz, President, McPherson, 
Kans- D M Carver, Vice-President, Trotwood, Ohio; J. S - Noff- 
sTngcr Sccretary-Treasurer. 228 15th St., N. E Washington, D. C; 
J. 1. Flory, Bridgewater, Va. ; J. W. Lear, 3435 Van Buren St.. Chicago, 
111. Assistant Secretary, H. Spenser Minnich. Elgin, 111. 

General Ministerial Board.-D. H. Zigler Chairman, Broadway, Va.; 
S. J. Miller, Vice-Chairman, La Verne, Calif.; J. .A. Robinson. Secre- 
tary, Pleasant Hill, Ohio; M. J. Brougher. Assistant Secretary 132 
Shearer St.. Greensburg, Pa.; David Metzler, Treasurer, Nappanec, _Ind. 
General Welfare Board.-M. W. Emmert. Chairman and Representa- 
tive Temperance and Purity Departmcn , Mount Morns ™-jJ- 
M. Henry Vice-Chairman and Representative Peace Department, New 
Windsor, Md.; Bertha M. Neher, Secretly -Treasurer, Warsaw, «d., 
P. S. Thomas Representative Child Rescue Department "arrison 
burg Va ■ Lydia E. Taylor, Field Secretary for Simple Life and 
Dress Department, Scoring, Fla.; General Field Secretary, V.rgil C. 
Finnell, North Manchester, Ind. 

Tract Examining Committee— T. T. Myers, Chi' 
don, Pa.; James M. Moore, Secretary-Treasi 
Waynesboro, Pa.; J. P. Dickey. La Verne 
S. 17th Ave., Maywood, III.; Jesse D. Mohl 
'Music Committee-Cora M. Stahly. Chairman Nappar 
W. Boyer, Secretary, North Manchester, Ind.; J. B. Mille 
Curryville, Pa. , 

Conference Program Committee.-J. A. Dove, CJairraan, Ooverdaje, 
Va.; A. C Wreaud, Secretary. 832 S. Humphrey Ave., Oak Park, 111.; 
C. C. Kindy, Huntington, Ind. 

Brethren Publishing House.-Board of Directors: Otho Winger, 
Chairman, North Manchester. Ind.; J. J. Yoder .Vice-Chairman Mc- 
Pherson, Kans ; A. P. Blough, Waterloo. Iowa; H. H. Nye, Elizabeth- 
town, Pa.; Levi Garst, Salem, Va. Manager and Treasurer. 
R. E. Arnold, Elgin. III.; Secretary, L. T. Miller, Elgin, 111. 
: Council of Promotion.-General Director: J. W. Lear Elgin 111. 
Membership: Conference Members, F. F. Holsopple 20 E. \\ ashing- 
ton St., Hagerstown. Md., and D. G. Berkebile. Bradford. Ohio; Gen- 
eral Mission Board, Chas. D. Bonsack; General Sunday School Board. 
L. W. Shultz; General Educational Board, I. S. NotTsmyer; General 
Ministerial Board. J. A. Robinson; General Welfare Board, M. W. fcm- 
mert; Tract Examining Committee, E. B. Hoff; Music Committee. Lora 
Stahly; Conference Program Committee, J. A. Dove; Brethren Pub- 
lishing House, L. T. Miller. Organization: Chairman J. A. Dove; 
, Secretary. J. S. Noffsinger;"Treasurer, Clyde M. Culp. 

"Sisters' Aid Society.— Mrs. J. C. Myers. President, Broadway. Va.; 
Mrs. M. J Weaver, Vice-President, 653 Park Ave.. Johnstown, Fa.; 
; Mrs. Levi Minnich, Secretary-Treasurer, Greenville. Ohio. 

Auditing Committee.— E. M. Butterbaugh, 535 East Indiana Ave., 
South Bend, Ind.; J. J. Oiler, Waynesboro, Pa. 

Annual Meeting Treasurer.— E. J. Stauffer, Mulberry Grove. 111. 
Member of Advisory Board of American Bible Society.— F. J. Byer, 
358 Sixtieth St.. Brooklyn, N. Y. 

General Railway Transportation A •ten*. —J. F. Appleman, Plymouth, 

113 S. Chu 
...f.; E. B. He-. 
Warrensburg. Mo. 
:e. Ind. 
, Treasi 

Persistent requests that the series of articles in Our Young People by Brother Moore, 
formerly editor of the Gospel Messenger, be published in complete book form were met 
in the issuing of this book. The author is so well known that many folks will be glad 
to have the opportunity to secure the story of his life. 

The early life of Brother Moore, lived as it was on the frontier, was full of interesting 
incidents. His natural ability as a writer and his long training as preacher and editor are 
manifest in this book. 

The Editor of the Gospel Messenger says of tile book: 

"Originally intended to be only a few gleanings from the author's busy life, and not designed as 
in autobiography, it became practically that, although the story might have been told at much greater 
length. The first requirement of a book is that it should be interesting. This book meets this test fully. 
The author has had much experience in writing and, always interesting, is at his best, it seems to us, 
in matter of this kind. .The fascination of his style is in its simplicity and naturalness. 

" But the book is more than interesting. It is an inspiration to perseverance in the face of difficulties, 
and to high ideals of living. It is this because it is 'The story of a greatly handicapped boy, working 
his way up to active manhood' and to a career of exceptional influence and usefulness." 

The Sobring White Way in » lengthy review says the following: 

"The Boy and the Man" is a gripping, thrilling tale of the actual experience through which he 
lived, an autobiography of more than passing interest. It is the story of a boy handicapped by physical 
conditions and by circumstances, who, by sheer grit and unswerving faith has brought himself to a place 
of prominence in the world of culture and letters, as well as in the church which be has served so lov- 
ingly and so well for over sixty years. 

"The story is simply told, threaded here and there with the whimsical humor that sparkles in the 
Elder's conversation as well as in his writings, a talc of early struggles, wholesome hardships and awak- 
ening ambitions brought to a gracious fulfillment. It stirs with the pioneer adventures that mark the 
settlement of the middle west, and glows with the love of service." 

Illustrated with line drawings and photogravures. Bound in Cloth, Postpaid, $1.25 








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Have YOU Renewed YOUR Subscription for YOUR "GOSPEL MESSENGER"? 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 2, 1926 


„,) IS "« i 10 24 S. S,a,c S,., Elgin. 111- at 52.00 p« annuo. >n 
advance. (Canada subscriptions fifty ccn's extra.) 

Assistant Editor 


H. A. BRANDT, - - - 

Entered at the Postoffice at Els*.. Ill, as Second-class Matte 
Acceptance lor mailing a. special r... oi postage provided („, , 
«c"or 1MB Ac. oi October 3. U17. authorised August 20. Win. 

Notes From Our Correspondents 


_ years o( splendid 
The work ol the 

(Continued from Page 13) 
who has given our Sunday-school tw- 
:n„^'is W :ve,iS'',orlrd'wi.h n S S"- & «i-. Shun 

Cown, Uwiston, Minn., Dec. 
Winona church met in anni 
given by some of the 

Forney, elder. 

A committee of til 
and to recomi 

I council Dec. 9. Interesting reports 
iring officers. Sister Nancy Schmidt 
a, SZS "ulrin'tenienT'o, 8 ,,.. Sunday schooliBro. John 
Schmidt, president . o, ,* Chnj^ Workers^ IJS »-£. ^ 
,„ the March council ways by which they may 
,, evening Dec. 20. an interesting Christmas program 
given at which "mi we .ook an offering lor the General M.s-' 
sion Board'.— Mrs, J. C. Forney, Winona, Minn., Dec 22. 


Prairt, View church me. in council Dec. S, with Bro HjJj^Hol. 
supple presiding. Officers lor the coming year were dfe"* •■ 

F^r ^. S trSX.^ r trrelpo^nr Ef£S s£. 

™ -clSng L-, Dec. 7 we held on, love leas. «^ '»»»• 

one present Bro. Gather officiatcd.-Sarah Musser, Versadles, Mo.. 

Dec. 20. 0H , 

... • mi— n rn T ■ W Fidlcr held a two weeks' meeting 
West Nuu^Uen-Bro. J W. t ^ ^ ^^ by ; 

SeP,OTb "he,d .he last Sa.urda, in Oc.oher. Bro Deardo rfi 
II to he our elder. Our sunaay 
Irethren Horst, Neher and Taylor.— 


ncil • 


of Hartville, 

school Rally Day speakers 

L W. Holl, North Canton, Ohto. Dec. 16. 

KrrrS" &JT S h eveS„g " "veTa 
nd Sunday had an all-day meeting, 
- While here Bro. Stover gave an 

" ingstown and 

wonderfully hclpiul message^ 

uitli love feast in the evenu _ 

11 i„(^r<. the South High School students ... 

address before the aoum «'t> Q D n our church 

al so one to the Boardman High pupUs.^ ^^^ Mil]er , of 


tool wa, favored by ^-—j-^ „„ sist „ El,. Stump 
„, Louisville, were .he speakers and ^J'« T'LTl , X 
which can be put to P'»"'« "> . *' ' "'"°*. „„;"(, institute work 
5 SnSr^b^in b Nor,^ S.^ -'* - been 
filled by others.-Ruth Rowe. Poland. Ohio, Dec. 18. 


. . - ^ n „n^ii Dec 13 and decided to organise 

» Messeniwr " correspondent and " Messenger " agent; Hiram Smith, 
elder for 1926. The church decided to work for a new building, 
mittee was elected to draw plans, secure estirn; 

cil in the near future.— E. W. Pratt, Albany 

■cport at a special 
Ore., Dec. 13. 
Weston.— Nov. 22 

, "iTiro \V T P«tt, of Pendleton, gave us a spirit™ 

ST " £V5£E^ec^, S^-J^ST 
?.- elder; Bro Noah Bonewi.z, Sunday-school superintendent. 

W. T. Pratt 
. discussed for holding meeting 

Day eve. 

either Pendleton or 

Tucker, Weston, O: 

top with 
Dec. 15. 

Big Swabra church met in council Dec. 14, with Eld. Thos. 

five city schools, including Ambler, at our church- Sister Esther 
Swigart and Bro. P. *. Markley. members of our Sunday-school 
Board, gave short talks. After roll call they were invited into the 
lecture room for a get -acquainted meeting and social, with refresh- 
ments. It was an inspiring meeting. Nov. 17 we held_ a mission- 
arv meeting, under the auspices of the Sisters' Aid Society. Sister 
Sara Rcplogle, returned missionary from India, gave an interesting 
address on " The Customs of Women in India and the Problems 
of the Missionary." Sister Florence Murphy gave a very good 
talk on '*The Possibilities of -the Aid Society." The next day Sister 
Rcplogle entered the hospital for medical treatment and had her 
tonsils removed. She is now in the city with relatives, recuperating — 
Mrs. Wm. H. B. Schnell, Philadelphia, Pa., Dec. 14. 

Pittsburgh.-Recently we have been favored by a visit and two 
excellent addresses by Dr. M. G. Brumbaugh, President of Juniata 
College The first one was delivered in Wilkinsburg in the after- 
noon. At 8 P. M. he spoke to a good audience in our church on 
the theme, '* Turning From God." In many ways Dr. Brumbaugh 
vividly portrayed this dangerous turn in our life. We are anticipating 
many good services since Dr. Galen B. Royer is with us. A new 
organization took place last night for our Bible School work for 
the new year, when Bro. A. O. Horner was reelected superintendent— 
M. Elizabeth Barnett, Pittburgh, Pa., Dec, 16. 

Roxbury.— We enjoyed a missionary program Nov. 15, in which 
our attention was called to religious conditions in South America. 
Bro. John Sherman and Sister J. D. Bright each gave an interest- 
ing talk. Recently we had the pleasure of receiving into our 
church by baptism nine young people, six of whom are heads of 
families. For years it has been the custom for the three churches 
of our ward of the city, Evangelical, Methodist and Church of 
the Brethren, to unite in the annual Thanksgiving service. This 
year we met in our church and the sermon was delivered by the 
pastor of the Evangelical church, Rev. Barlett. The offering, $62-87, 
was given to the Christian Home of the city. We enjoyed the 
second number of our lecture course (Dec. 8), when Dr. C. C. 
Ellis gave his splendid lecture on " Words and the Biggest Word." 
The chorus also rendered lour fine musical numbers. The chorus 
is preparing a Christmas cantata and the children are being drilled 
for a Christmas program. Dec. 13 Sunday-school officers were 
elected, with Bro. M. L. Hoffman, superintendent.— Jerome E. Blough, 
Johnstown, Pa., Dec. 16. 

Waynesboro church enjoyed a love feast Nov. 18, with Bro. 
Galen Royer officiating. We were glad for his helpful presence. 
Three were baptized Nov. 16 as a direct result of a series of meet- 
ings held by our pastor, Bro. James M. Moore. Three other: 
received by baptism previous to these meet 
was held Dec. 10- Very gratifying reports were heard from the 
treasurer, financial and benevolent boards and Sisters' Aid Society. 
The following church officers (in part) were elected: Elder, Bro. 
James M. Moore; clerk, Stoler B. Good; correspondent, Florence 
Hess; "Messenger" agent, Bro. Ira Wingert. At a recent Sun- 
day-chool meeting Bro. Stoler B. Good was elected superintendent. 
The Sisters' Aid Society is resuming work for the new year under 
the leadership of Sister Ella Moore; the adult division of the 
Christian Workers', with W. L. Widdowson, as president, and 
the missionary association, with Mrs. W. Clay Wertz in the chair. 
The church and all auxiliaries arc reorganized for more and better 
work for 1926.— Florence Hess, Waynesboro, Pa., Dec. 16. 

Went Green Tree.— Last night we closed a two weeks' revival 
meeting held at the Green Tree church, conducted by Bro. Henry 
F. King, of Myerstown, Pa., who gave us nineteen splendid sermons. 
The attendance and interest were very good from the beginning. 
Eight persons stood for Christ. Our elder in charge, Hiram E. 
Kaylor, has been absent from our services for several months on 
account of severe sickness. He is slowly recovering and we are 
trusting the Father to restore him again. Recently we lifted a 
very liberal offering for Sister Kathryn Zeigler, of India, Our 
Christian Workers' Meeting, which was discontinued for some 
time, will begin with the new year to continue with new zeal and 
best efforts.— Mrs. Clayton B. Breneman, Florin, Pa., Dec. 16. 

A church council 


WawaUa.-Bcfore leaving for his home in Arizona Bro. C. E. 

Giiktt held meetings at the following points: Griggs, Okla., Huntoon 
and Wawaka. Texas. The members at all points were strengthened 
and encouraged to continue the Work in this pioneer field During 
the meetings at Wawaka, E. R. Hercndon, ol Wcatherford, Okla. and 
D. E. Cripe, of Thomas. Okla., were with us and as » ist ^ d , in 
ordaining P. G. Burrows, of Griggs, as elder They bo h had 
messages for us which we enjoyed very much. We met in a 
called council and elected Bro. Burrows our elder. E.ght letters 
were received There was one baptism and cur meeting closed 
with a love feast at Wawaka, but on account of sickness and 
bad weather only thirty-four could be present. C. E Gil lett offi- 
ciated On Tuesday evening all the members surprised Uncle Charlie 
and Aunt Rachel by gathering at their home. Sacred songs were 
sung, alter which I. S. Burger gave an address of appreciation oi 
their work this summer and read a petition from the community 
expressing their desire for them to return next summer. A friend- 
ship quilt and other gifts were presented. We sang an original fare- 
well song. After prayer refreshments were served^ Sister Maud 
Stump gave a good talk for us before leaving for Brooklyn, where 
she will help in mission work.— Mrs. Fern Stump, Wawaka, Texas, 

Bro E L Wbisler was unanimously elected as elder in charge 
W auollier year- Bro. Perkins will be our Sunday-school .uper- 
Indent "no" Mabe. Damron P™<£ °' *;„£"'£« 
Workers Nov. IS the northwest Pacific Coast churches met 
herein Sunday-school and Christian Workers' Convention, which 

Town in" I genera, Ss.'ion,' "tZ"^ 'Sny" help- 
m!.,™,:™. vwri made We are now working on a pageant, 
"llentC" »» ch ?. to be given a. Christmas time h, the 
y. B „„ l g"°peopie In this "»»«*,« ^™^J>^ " 
be plenteous but laborers are few. We are mucn in necu u 
terial help and good leaders. The church and Sunday-school are 
",?,,, ended and 8 much interest is shown in the »"» °^f "°»; 
F orable reports are coming in from our mission points 
"nd'thoy continue to beg for service, to be ^ »°" J"'"™^ 
which request we are unable to grant.-Mabel Damron, Ajlune, Wash., 

slokane (First) -Our regular council was held Oct. 24, with Eld. 
WrTTig, "residing. He wa. reelected elder lor the coming 
vear Bro Tigner held a series of meetings for us, beginning Nov 
K, remained nntif Nov. 29. The Word wa. preached with power 
ndte Tee <be church has been greatly benefited. Bro. Ray 
1 Miller from Weiser, Idaho, recently gave us a good sermon. Dec 
U P.™ Frank Sargent, from Bethany Bible School, £-f££ 
us. These services were very much enjoyed.— Mrs. Royal force, 
Spokane. Wash., Dec. 14. 

Sunnysid, church met in council Dec. 1. svith Eld W>go™r 
presiding Church officer, were elected at this time the elder, cient, 
"Messenger" agent and correspondent being retained for another 

Messenger • , ffi wc „ elected also, with Bro. Geo. 

£,„*"**-«.«. were received »d two granted. 
Seven were baptised last Sunday afternoon, four having been con- 
verted during Bro. Fran.s's services, the other three coming a. 
th. dose " a sermon given by Bro. Fike, Sunday morning. Our 
the c lose ol a serin » b mad( . 

l„ra ,e Chri.Tm,. be p,o h g;tm N _Mr. YC Tr:cy Phelps, Sun.y.ide, Wash., 


.. , ^ u. r,.u mo( ,-„ rniincil Dec 13, with Bro. Shade, 

£t£TZ*£? Bro. ?ig,rwt elected 'elder lor the com- 
ins- year- L A. Robinson, clerk-, Sunday-school superintendent Clay- 
ton Mock; Sister Delia Pearson, "Messenger" agent and cor- 
respondent. Member, were chosen on the ministerial and finance 
committees-Otto E. Pearson, Stanley, Wis., Dec. 21. 



let at the church for Sunday-school and 

h will be given at Pendleton Chri 
rethren passing th 
ver Sunday.— Mrs. E. E. 

Patrick presiding. The time of our annual visit has been changed 
(rom the winter to fail with gratifying results. The reports ot 
the visiting deacons as well as those of the several treasurers were 
given Comparadvely speaking perhaps none gave as encouraging 
a report as the Aid Society. Bro. J. N. Wright was appointed 
correspondent and " Messenger " agent in the writer's stead. Nov. 
14 and 15 two social purity meetings were held— one for young 
men and one for young ladies, under the auspices of the East 
Hanover Sunday-school. Bro. W. N. Zobler, of Lancaster, Pa„ 
spoke to these young people in a very helpful way.— Ulysses L. 
Gingrich, Hummelstown, Pa., Dec. 16. 

Utitz.— Nov. 9 to 26 we held a series of meetings, with Eld. 
W. K." Conner, evangelist. Bro. Conner labored earnestly and as 
a result two young people were received into the church by bap- 
tism. On Thanksgiving Day Bro. Conner preached a sermon in 
the morning and in the afternoon and evening we held our love 
ieast. A number of visiting brethren were present and we had a 
spiritnal feast. Bro. Conner officiated.— Florence B. Gibbel, Lititz, 
Pa., Dec. 17. 

New Fwrview church met in council Oct. 5, with Eld. D. Y. Brill- 
hart presiding. -Plans were completed for the love feast. Oct. 17 
Bro. Edris gave us a fine sermon and our love faest was held 
the iollowing day. Sunday-school was at 9 A. M., which was well 
attended, as well as preaching services during the day. Brethren 
Edris, Curvin Henry, Daniel Bowser and Samuel Godfrey did the 
preaching. We took a collection of $58.35 for home missions. Bro. 
Edris officiated at our love feast. Brethren 0. M. Bowser and 
Michael Markey preached on Thanksgiving evening. A collection 
of $47.06 was taken for foreign missions. Nov. 29 Bro. Curvin Henry, 
from Lower Conewago congregation, preached for us. Our Sun- 
day-school was well attended. A collection of $22.45 was taken 
for the Near East Relief by the Sunday-school, and one by the 
church in general ol $105-41, making a total for the Near East 
Relief of $127.86. Dec. 6 we elected our Sunday-school officers, with 
Bro. H. H. Fritz, superintendent.— J. L. Miller, York, Pa., Dec. 15. 
Philadelphia (First church).— Nov. 29 at the close of the morning 
service two sisters were baptized. One letter was granted and 
two were received. Our love feast and communion service held 
Nov. 5 was largely attended. Nine of our city ministering brethren 
were present. Eld. Ross D, Murphy officiated, assisted by the 
other brethren. The largest Sunday-school Rally of the District 
was held at our church Nov. 20. The District was divided, those 
in the country holding their rally at Green Tree church and the 



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The Gospel Messenger 

"THY KINGDOM COME "— m.«. 6: v>, Luke ii :2 

' Till we all attain unto ... the 
the fulness of Christ."— Eph. 4: 13. 

Vol. 75 

Elgin, III, January 9, 1926 

No. 2 

In This Number 


The Foundations of Peace.— No. 2 (H. A. 

What Man Might Learn 

The Issue in Romans Six 

Among the Churches 

,und the World, 

The Quiet Hour (R. H. M.), 

Our Forward Movement— 

Our Inherited Stewardship— Coi 
A Young Tithcr, 


General Forum — 

Prayer (Poem) 18 

The Significance of the Cross. By H. A. Cl.iybaugh 18 

Impressions of Austria. By R._ H. Miller 18 

The Simple Life and World Peace. By Paul F. Bcchtold 19 

Two Men at Prayer. By Robert T. Bridge 19 

The Relation of Our Educational Policy to Missions.— Part 2. 

By C. G. Shull 19 

The Lure of a Practical Idealism. By John Luke Hoff 20 

Your Chance to Further Peace. By George Fulk, 20 

Song Worship Inherent in Man. By William Beery 20 

God's Call to Mourning. By Naomi Shaw, 26 

What Is Wrong With Our Church? By D. F. Lcpley 27 

The Pastor's Study— 

The Pastor's Challenge. By Walter McDonald Kahle 22 

Hints for the Pastor.— Part 4. By H. M. Brubaker, 22 

"Shine Inside." By W. Arthur Cable, 22 

Cranks. By Archer Wallace, 22 

Home and Family — 

Simplicity (Poem). By Mrs. Wm. H. Terford .'...23 

Intercessory Missionaries. By Leo Lillian Wise, 23 

The Savior of Women. By Maud Mohler Trimmer 23- 

The Best Missionary. By Zach Neher, 23 


The Foundations of Peace 

2. War and Overpopulation 

Even though the world could hold twenty billions 
of men, if populated as densely as the British Isles, 
it must be clear that there is little to be gained and 
much to be jeopardized by a persistent increase of 
numbers without due attention to quality. There are, 
already enough people in the world to make life inter- 
esting, and the population base is so broad that it 
would seem to be a much better policy to select to 
improve than to allow just any classes freely to multi- 
ply. It is time to give attention to the fruit of the 
family tree; it is a day to think of stabilizing popula- 
tion to the end that all men, whatever their inheritance 
or color, may have the largest possible opportunity 
to reach out for their best. 

Now to admit that the human family would profit 
by a wise application of eugenic principles settles 
nothing with respect to the actual methods to be used. 
On this point there is bound to be a diversity of views. 
For example, there are those who say that the United 
States should be organized to light for room and bread. 
By such contentions it may be most logically inferred 
that war, at least in the minds of some, is the solution 
of the overpopulation problem. Of course, the war 
solution is not often so baldly stated; nor may the 
logical involvements be apparent to all who would 
fight for land and food against all comers no matter 
how worthy or hungry they might be. The war solu- 
tion of overpopulation is essentially the method of the 
past. To the strongest, though perhaps not always the 
fittest, went the land and " the bread. Imperialism, 
manifest destiny, and a place in the sun will mean war 
again. Hence, it is perfectly in order to consider in 
detail the case for war as a solution of the overpopula- 
tion problem. 

There is no need to mince matters ; the case for 
war may as well be stated boldly. Assuming that the 
problem is one of overpopulation, what is simpler than 
that the number of mouths should be reduced when 
bread is scarce? Suppose that in the far north where 
the conditions of life are hard, twins, a boy and a 
girl, are born. Which shall be permitted to live? Most 
primitive societies have favored the son. Suppose that 
two sailors are adrift in a boat with but two loaves of 
bread. Would not the killing of one sailor double the 

food supply and perhaps enable the sailor who was 
spared to hold out until rescued? Let us apply the 
same principle to nations. Would it not follow that 
war can be defended as a very direct and effective 
method of reducing a redundant population? 

But war promises relief for the hungry indirectly as 
well as directly. It not only actually decreases the 
number of mouths to be fed at any given time, but it 
is even more effective as a weapon against potential 
hordes of hungry men. The killing of a man today 
means also the slaying of the men who might have been 
his sons. Wars in the past have been effectual weapons 
' in freeing the world of surplus men. The recent World 
War relieved us directly of about 10,000.000 hearty 
eaters and indirectly of not less than 25,000,000 more 
—an average of about 9,000,000 mouths for each year 
of the war. One, should not overlook the refinements 
in war as a population reducer. War tends to strike 
down the flower of a nation's manhood, before it can 
reproduce itself — crippling and weakening many who 
are not killed outright. Thus war tends to eliminate 
the most virile lines, and in so far as this is accom- ■ 
plished it helps to obviate the danger of a redundant 

Turning now to a critical examination of what has 
been stated as the case for war considered as a solu- 
tion of'the overpopulation problem let us see if it will 
stand the test of practicality. To complete the illus- 
tration of the two sailors, and make it conform to 
actual life, one must consider other possibilities than 
the easy killing of one of the men. Two men with noth- 
ing but two loaves between them and death would most 
likely fight like beasts for the means to prolong life. 
It is very possible that if the two sailors were evenly 
matched both might be mortally wounded or drowned, 
dying together in a death embrace. In which case the 
two, loaves of bread would not matter ; at best they 
would be food for birds or fish. Another possibility 
is that the bread might be lost overboard in the strug- 
gle to obtain it — in which case we would not have 
one man and two loaves but two men and no bread ! 

What we are trying to illustrate is the fact that 
gross war gains are very different from net war gains. 
The Franco-German war, generally conceded one of 
the shortest and most successful wars in modern times, 
is said to have cost $3,210,000,000. If but one-third 
of the cost is charged to the Germans it is clear that 
the famous indemnity of five milliards of francs about 
balances German costs. But there is one gain over- 
looked — how about Alsace and Lorraine? Well, how 
about them? After fifty years it would seem that they 
were after all more of a liability than an asset— that 
perhaps more than anything else they were one of the 
root causes of the catastrophe of 1914. Thus what 
seems the most successful war was not conducted as 
a clear gain; and so in all wars the victor's costs have 
to be deducted before the net gains can be arrived at. 

If for the future war is to be seriously considered 
as a solution of the overpopulation problem it would be 
well to spend a good deal of time on figures covering 
the cost of killing. Take the figures for the World 
War. The total direct cost has been estimated at 
$186,233,637,097 by Bogart. About 10,000,000 men 
were killed at a per capita cost of approximately 
$18,600. Since the capital value of these men ranged 
from $4,720 for Americans to $2,020 for Russians it is 
evident that it cost from four to nine times as much to 
destroy a man as he was worth. Even when the total 
indirect losses in life and property chargeable to the 
World War are figured on the basis of the total num- 
ber of the men, women and babies we got rid of, the 
killing business is shown up as an extravagant financial 
policy. The World War rid us of a grand total of 

35,380,000 lives at a total cost — direct and indirect— 
of $337,846,189,657. Thus the average cost of 
eliminating a life was $9,600 which in no case was 
rated above $4,720 and generally at about half this 
sum! Under modern conditions killing comes so high 
that it would be cheaper to let men live. How foolish 
to start a war to get two loaves per capita when in 
the resulting conflict the victor does well to come out 
at the rate of half a loaf per man ! 

But this is not the whole case against war as a direct 
solution of the overpopulation problem. So long as 
the seed oi man is left upon the earth it is generally 
but a few generations until the empty lands are filled 
again with men, and die old food and room problems 
become as insistent and intricate as ever. The best 
that war promises as a direct solution of the over- 
population problem is to push the dreaded day a few 
generations ahead. Evidently we must look further 
if we are to find in war a way to escape a redundant 
population. And we do not have far to look. We shall 
next examine the gains that war seems to promise 
through centralized cuiitrol and efficient management. 

H. A. B. 

What Man Might Learn 

"Man is born self-willed and sell" -confident, disin- 
clined to give credence to God or to obey him. On the 
contrary, he stands ready to believe in tangible evidence 
only, and in the guidance obtainable from his own gen- 
eralized experience." 

Possibly that is all true, but if so, why doesn't he 
turn his experience to more profitable account? That 
is a mystery and the factor that throws some doubt on 
the last clause of the quoted statement. Perhaps the 
answer is that be fails too often to generalize bis ex- 
perience. He gets experience, plenty of it, but looks at 
it in detached sections only. He doesn't put it together 
and so he fails to learn from it as much as he might. 

If he really did generalize it he would see the hand 
of God so plain everywhere that he would soon get 
over his self-willedness. And he would he a very meek 
and humble sort.of being. 

The Issue in Romans Six 

" We who died to sin. how shall we any longer live 
therein? " That puzzle has never been solved. No an- 
swer has ever been found to that " how." If we do 
live in sin, there seems to be no escape from the con- 
clusion that we did not die to it. 

" Or are ye ignorant that all we who were baptized in- 
to Christ Jesus were baptized into his death? " It of- 
ten looks as if we must be ignorant of this great fact. 
For if we were not baptized into his death, if in our 
baptism we did not get into his death, as living in sin 
would show, then the inference is inevitable that we 
were not baptized into Christ Jesus. 

" We were buried therefore with him through bap- 
tism iitto death ... so we also might walk in 
newness of life." But are we walking in newness of 
life? If not, how can we say that we were buried in 
our baptism with him? 

" Fur if we have become united with him in the like- 
ness of his death, we shall be also in the likeness of his 
resurrection." Yes, but if we have not become united 
with him in the likeness of his death, then what? And 
that question is answered by the answer to this other: 
Are we any longer living in sin? 

What Paul wants us to make sure of is " that our 
old man was crucified with him . . . that so we 
should no longer be in bondage to sin." 

The great question which those first verses of Ro- 
mans six thrust into our faces is: Are we living in sin? 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 9, 1926 



Beyond this softly closing door 

I shut the world away, 
The din of sounding street, the cry 

And clamor of the day. 

As one within a cloister hears 

The vesper bells repeat 
The old refrain of love and peace, 

So here the dusk is sweet. 
No dials record the speeding hours, 

No time or change is here, 
No seasons wane, no blossoms blow, 

Eternity is near. 

Here is the peace that long ago 

Lay hushed and tenderly 
Upon the soul of him who knelt 

In dim Gethsemane. 

—Arthur Wallace Peach. 

The Significance of the Cross 


The central figure of all history is the Cross. Mul- 
titudes in all ages have anchored their hope for the 
future in its umque promises. In all the it 
has been attacked by enemies both ignorant and 
learned Yet all the thrusts and efforts to destroy its 
influence have only advertised and furthered its mes- 
sage in the world. A full conception ot the significance 
of the Cross is quite impossible because of the limited 
intellect of man. No one has ever been able to under- 
stand or explain the love, on the part of both Father 
and Son, that provides a way for man's return to God 
What there is in its message, that is within the reach 
of man's conception, is only for those who approach it 
in sincerity and honesty, or with an open mind and 

Perhaps the most fundamental factor in the message 
of the Cross is that it makes fellowship possible be- 
tween God and man. Theologians call this reunion, 
reconciliation, regeneration, justification or redemption. 
Saints of all times from the Apostles to the present, 
have believed that " Christ died for our sins." It is 
interesting to note the development in the idea of the 
atonement from the early church to the present. In 
the second, third, and fourth centuries the emphasis 
was upon the word " ransom." This concept suggested 
that Tesus was the price that w,as necessary to secure 
the redemption of men. The " ransom " was paid to 
Satan in order that he might let man free from bond- 
age This idea did not satisfy the minds of the next 
centuries. A man came on the platform saying that 
sin against God is a " debt " owed to God and that it 
takes an infinite being to cancel the obligation. Christ, 
who was God, became Man and gave himself to set 
man free. In the days of the Reformation men be- 
came dissatisfied with the words "ransom" and 
" debt " and selected the term " propitiation " as the 
root meaning of the reconciliation idea of the Cross. 
They said law was disobeyed and that punishment was 
due the transgressor. Christ came and suffered in 
man's stead for sin. 

In the three ideas mentioned God was looked upon 
as a cruel, unloving Person who could only be appeased 
by the death of an innocent man. Today man is look- 
ing for a larger conception of the atonement; one 
that shall give the true understanding of the Father as 
well as of the Son and one that harmonizes with the 
text, " For God so loved the world that he gave his 
Son." Jesus became the Sin-offering for the world 
because he and the Father were constrained by the 
impelling force, called love, to provide relief for man 
who was in bondage. Some of the old explanations 
indicated disharmony between God and Christ. The 
Scripture teaches perfect oneness between Father and 
Son not only in the work of the Cross but in all other 
doings of which we have any record. Perhaps it would 
be easier for a father to give himself than it would 
be to give an only son. God as well as Christ should 
be looked upon as our Sin-bearer. 

When Fellowship is restored between an individual 
and his God, the contribution of the Cross does not 
end. There is a possibility that this close association 
mav be severed by sin. Sin destroys fellowship. The 
child of God is still in an evil environment and hence 
subject to temptation and transgression. This difficulty 
is remedied by the Cross in what may be thought of 
as the cleansing factor. There is a part for man to 
do in conversion as a study of the doctrine of conver- 
sion reveals, and there is a something for man to do 
in the cleansing process. " If we confess our sins he 
is faithful and just to forgive us our sins and to 
•cleanse us from all unrighteousness; and the blood 
of Jesus Christ his Son cleanseth us from all sin." 
This great truth does not license deliberate sin. There 
is or should be a large moral influence in the life of 
a Christian to keep him from wrong. But if in an un- 
guarded moment a man misses the right, and follows 
the error with confession as the above text suggests, 
then the promise of the cleansing virtue is his. One 
of the functions of the natural blood stream is cleans- 
ing in the physical man, and one of the functions of 
the blood from the Cross is cleansing in the spiritual 
man. And as the work of cleansing in the physical 
body is continuous from the cradle to the grave, so 
the process of cleansing is continuous in the spiritual 
man from regeneration to the end of this earthly life. 
A third great emphasis in the message of the Cross 
is its challenge to man for a life of sacrifice and serv- 
ice. A loyal obedience to the will of God (keeping 
the commandments) and a life devoted to sacrifice 
■ and service, grow out of a keen realization and appre- 
ciation of the Cross or what has been done for us. 
An individual who is living a disobedient, selfish life 
needs a new or larger vision of the Cross. " Whoso- 
ever would come after me let him deny himself and 
take up his cross and follow me." Sometimes pros- 
pective converts are told that the Christian life is one 
of ease and luxury. This sort of teaching comes from 
those who have a desire for numbers or from those 
who do not understand the real meaning of being 
a Christian. Is it not better that the challenge of the 
Cross is hot to the superficial in man but to the depths 
of his being? It takes courage, energy, and real man- 
hood and womanhood to follow the Man of Galilee. 
The text : " The foxes have holes and the birds of 
the air have nests, but the Son of Man hath no place 
' to lay his head," suggests the cost of discipleship. 
The Old Testament standard calls for a tenth of man's 
income and a moral life; the Cross asks for a consecra- 
tion of all life, income included. " You are not your 
own ; you have been bought with a price." Under the 
Old Testament ideal the believer furnished the sacri- 
fice to be consumed in a literal way ; the Cross asks the 
believer himself to be the sacrifice to be consumed 
daily in helpfulness to others. 

"Were the whole realm of nature mine, 
That were a present far too small; 
Love so amazing, so divine 
Demands' my life, my soul, my all." 

Argos, Indiana. 

Impressions of Austria 


Austria was perhaps the most defeated country in 

Europe at the close of the war, yet in many respects 
her recovery and progress are quite the most remark- 
able of any country we visited. Before the war Austria 
had a population of 52.000,000. The Austrian republic 
has a population of only 6,000,000. She has lost nine- 
tenths of her territory. She has no coal, no iron, 
no access to the sea. Two hundred thousand men are 
unemployed. Counting dependents, this means that 
from one to one and one-half million people are 
without income. One man out of every 36 is un- 
employed in England; in Austria one out of every 
30. During the war, a family of five was allowed only 
one-half pound of bread per day. Before the war 
Vienna had 350,000 children in her public schools. 
Now she has only 200,000. But there are signs of 
hope. In October, 1922, the League of Nations 
administered a loan of $130,000,000 at 7fc. For the 
last three years the resources of Austria have been 

under the supervision of a commission responsible 
to the League. This administration is now being with- 
drawn, leaving Austria in a most hopeful financial 
condition. Her currency is the most stable of any 
country in Europe. Of her 6,000,000 population, 
2,000,000 live in the capital, Vienna, vastly too large 
a city to be supported by so small a country. They 
are adopting a scheme of " inner colonization," by 
which they hope to solve this problem; that is by 
intensive farming, and the reclamation of that ten 
per cent of her land that is still waste. Having twice 
the tillable land of Switzerland, she gets from it three 
times the produce. 

Austria spends about $15 per capita per year for 
drink. This is less than is spent for drink in England. 
There is a strong prohibition movement in Austria. 
Dr. Heinsch, the president of the republic, is a strong 
advocate of prohibition. But this, and other move- 
ments, are greatly handicapped by the partisan spirit 
of the Austrian people. They have three main politi- 
cal parties— so that prohibitionists, as well as every- 
thing else, must be divided by three. From 75 to 
90% of the Austrian people desire union with Ger- 

Austria was once a Protestant country. By the 
middle of the sixteenth century three-fourths of the 
population were followers of Martin Luther. So 
strong was this sentiment that the papal bull issued 
against him dare not be published in Vienna. But 
by 1575 Protestantism was almost gone from Austria, 
stamped out by the iron heel of the Hapsburgs ! Re- 
ligious persecution continued up to 1831. Full religious 
liberty was not granted until 1861. Even up to the 
revolution in 1918 promotion in government service 
was impossible to all but Catholics. 

Anti-war sentiment is strong. But the church has 
not so much as raised her finger against war! The' 
I anti-war groups are also anti-Christian, anarchistic, 
communistic, Jewish, and of the youth movement. 
These, not the church, have said : " No more war 1 " 
The new educational policy ot the city of Vienna is 
commanding the attention of all Europe. They are 
rewriting their school books on a basis of peace and 
■ goodwill and no longer to glorify the wars of the 
Hapsburgs. They seek to promote an understanding 
and appreciation of foreigners. They have sixteen 
schools in Vienna in which to care for defective chil- 
dren. One of the best pedagogical libraries in Europe 
is located here. Two-fifths of all the teachers in the 
city schools took additional training during the last 
summer. Her contributions to medicine, art and 
music are well known. 

One of the most amazing sights of the whole 
summer was the building program of the city of 
Vienna. During a period of three years she is building 
25,000 homes for her laboring people. Fifteen 
thousand of these are apartments and ten thousand are 
beautiful little cottages located in settlements in the 
suburbs of the city. The cost of each home is about 
$1,700, making a total expenditure of $42,500,000. 
Thirty thousand men are employed ,in this work. The 
worker gives 1,500 hours' work in the construction of 
the home, then pays from $0.85 to $1.85 per month 
for a certain period of time, and the home is his. 
The apartments are located on the high ground over- 
looking the city; ground which used to be held for 
the palaces of the rich. Swimming pools, playgrounds, 
parks, medical facilities— everything has been pro- 
vided which can make for the health and happiness of 
the children. We were in two of these homes, selected 
at random. They embody about the last word, in 
beauty, cleanliness ' and charm. We visited a large 
bath house which is being built at a cost of $1,200,000. 
It has 44 tubs, 120 showers and a perfectly modern 
pool. It has facilities sufficient to care for one thou- 
sand persons an hour. It is located within one mile of 
160,000 of Vienna's working people. 

-This building is being constructed without debt, out 
of current income. Since 1921 the city of Vienna has 
had a surplus each year. Taxes are no higher than 
in 1913. Four times as many homes use electricity 
now as in 1914, at a rate of one-half of what it was 
then. Thirty-five quarts of water per day are supplied 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 9, 1926 

free to each home. Three-fourths of the people pay 
nothing for their water supply. 

How is it done? An absolutely efficient, far-sighted, 
graftless government is the only explanation that we 
could find. Austria is allowed a standing army of 
30,000 men. She has only 17,000. She is turning from 
the insanity of war, which is the chief factor of all 
the world's woe. What she is doing is but a sugges- 
tion of what might be done everywhere under the 
reign of peace and goodwill. 

Slums and poverty are not a necessity. A loving, all- 
wise Father did not fail to store enough provision 
within the earth to 'provide for the physical wants of 
the children thai: he placed upon it. Why must mil- 
lions go hungry? The following illustration, I think, 
suggests a reason : When we were going over on the 
"Andania" and were about four days out, the ship's 
stationery was all gone. How could 'this be? Was 
not sufficient provided in New York? Yes, but some 
few carried away to their cabins many times more 
than they could use. In a hotel in London, a few days 
after landing, I saw great quantities of it in a waste- 
basket! It is the selfishness of some that explains 
the poverty of the many. 

North Manchester, Ind. 

The Simple Life and World Peace 


The simple life means simplicity and it means life. 
We must really live, but live simply; extreme poverty 
and ignorance hinder the simple life because true 
living is impossible ; whereas intellectual and financial 
luxury prevent the simple life by destroying its sim- 
plicity. A normal, wholesome satisfaction of true 
human needs, well directed and controlled, will avoid 
these two extremes and enable us to approach the 
New Testament ideal of simple living. 

War is a habit which man has developed, not an 
instinct which he has inherited. The earliest peoples 
had need of food, protection from wild animals and 
the natural elements, suitable conditions for rearing 
children, etc. They found it more advantageous to 
live and work together than to struggle alone. Thus 
family, clan, and tribal groups were formed, having 
no physical conflicts except .with nature and animals. 
It was only when they increased in number and food 
supply became limited that fighting between human 
groups began. At that time they knew no better than 
to "fight it out" when difficulties arose; their minds 
were ideo-motor. Had they possessed the ability to 
reason and invent new methods of increasing the food 
supply, harmony would have reigned. 

It takes much thinking to live a simple life; also 
to avoid war. Neither is an easy matter. Man natu- 
rally craves activity, and competition quickens action. 
Therefore, as William James clearly saw, we need 
a kind of conflict or rivalry which shall be a " moral 
equivalent for war." But so lazy-minded have we 
been that even today we do the stupid thing, and 
engage in physical warfare. Such ignorance is en- 
tirely unnecessary, but God is good and his patience 
with us is astonishing. 

Primitive peoples cooperated in their struggle with 
the natural environment. Cooperation is as old as 
competition, and at least as valuable. Whereas coop- 
eration has usually been secured when unity against 
a common enemy was needed, we now need a common 
cause in which all mankind may cooperate, and in 
which competition between individuals and groups shall 
be friendly and constructive. That cause is world bet- 
terment, or the fight of good against evil. 

What has simple living to do with it? Just this: a 
man or nation ought to have judgment enough to be 
contented with a reasonable satisfaction of needs and 
not resort to unfair or destructive competition to 
deprive others of the blessings of life. Temperance 
should operate here, coupled with tolerance. The al- 
truistic, spiritual conflict with disease, ignorance, 
poverty, moral evil, etc., will predominate over selfish 
physical conflict with other groups; the former is con- 
structive and productive; the latter produces neither 
food nor character, but multiplies destruction as one 

man or a group try to take what has already been 
produced by some one else. 

After we have raised human conflict to the level of 
the cultural there is yet another step. A debate may 
be carried on purely for the purpose of winning with- 
out regard to the truth, which is destructive. But a 
constructive conflict of ideas in a debate or discus- 
sion will produce most beneficial results. Competi- 
tion must be made constructive. 

In this process simple living will tend to create and 
maintain harmony. For, to use radio terminology, 
there are numerous " static points," or frictions, in 
modern society. The following brief list of " static 
points " may be suggestive and provoke thought along 
this line: 

1. Labor vs. Capital. 

2. Catholic vs. Protestant. 

3. Race vs. Race. 

4. Irreligious Scientists vs. Unscientific Religion- 


5. Modernists vs. Fundamentalists. 

6. Family Frictions and Divorce. 

7. Highly Educated vs. Those With Little Educa- 

8. Nation vs. Nation. 

9. Producer vs. Consumer. * 

10. Producer vs. Distributor. 

11. Distributor vs. Consumer. 

12. Vocation vs. Vocation. 

13. Religion vs. Religion. (Christianity, Buddhism, 

14. Denomination vs. Denomination. 

15. Shallow Optimism vs. Fatalistic Pessimism. 

16. Old vs. Young. 

17. Revolutionary vs. Quiet Reformers. 

18. Conservative vs. Progressive. 

19. Rationalist vs. Mysticist. 

20. Militarist vs. Pacifist. 

Simple living results in peace wherever these 
" static points " are " tuned out " and the harmony 
of life becomes beautiful. 

Brooklyn, N. Y. 

be. Christ's concern is as much for the future as for 
the present. Could the publican become a better man? 
Undoubtedly ! Could the Pharisee become a better 
man? Yes, emphatically! The publican went to his 
home justified rather than the other because he had 
a better chance of progress. The Pharisee had prayed 
with himself but the publican had prayed to God. The 
one had been conscious of his worthiness, the other 
of his unworthiness. The publican was filled with 
remorse while the Pharisee showed neither penitence 
nor the need for it. The Pharisee had placed a barrier 
between himself and God and could not progress; the 
publican had created for himself an open road, along 
which One was hastening to meet him, One who could 
cleanse the stains from his soul. 

Jesus spake this parable to certain which trusted 
in themselves that they were righteous and despised 
others. It is easy to adopt the role of the Pharisee: 
it is hard to humble oneself as the publican; but it is 
better to stand with the publican now than with the 
Pharisee at the day of reckoning. 
Key West, Fla. 

Two Men at Prayer 


When the Pharisee and the publican entered the 
temple to pray the Pharisee was undoubtedly the 
better man of the two. Let that be granted and give 
him his due. Socially he was a greater asset to the 
community than the publican; morally his life was on 
a higher level ; religiously he was providing an exhibi- 
tion which at least made people think of devotion. The 
fact that he was not extortionate suggests that he had 
the power to profit at other people's expense but did 
not use it. The claim that he was not unjust indicates 
some; sort of respect for fair play. .To be free from 
the charge of adultery was, of course, no virtue, but 
there is revealed a depth to which he might have de- 
scended, but to which he had not. His fasting indi- 
cates self-control, while his practice of tithing might 
well be followed by the Christian church at large. 
The Pharisee had just cause for thanking God that 
he was not as other men, that he was so much better 
than the publican. 

The character of the publican needs no description. 
It is sufficient to remember that publicans and harlots 
were linked together as the outcasts of either sex. 
They were frequently so associated by Jesus himself. 
The publican's prayer for mercy suggests that he ac- 
cepted the character which the association implied. 

There is no doubt that the Pharisee was the better 
man. If the world today were full of men like him 
in conduct it would be a far better world than it is; 
If all men like the publican ceased to exist the world 
would be sweeter and cleaner. 

Yet Christ, the One best qualified to bring in a 
verdict on the two, commended the publican and 
rebuked the Pharisee. In view of that we are bound 
to ask: "What was wrong with the Pharisee?" and, 
"What was right with the publican?" 

The questions are answered not by considering 
what these men were, but what they were likely to 

The Relation of Our Educational Policy to 


In Two Parts — Part Two 

In last week's article we compared, or rather con- 
trasted, the present activity of the church in the two 
very important causes of education and missions. A 
greatly unbalanced emphasis was discovered. The 
seriousness of the educational situation is laid bare 
in the report of the Educational Commission and 
the seriousness of the missionary situation is disclosed 
in the fact that we have been running deficits with 
what may be properly termed a light missionary pro- 
gram. Although our missionary budget is below the 
average still we have deficits. It is serious also be- 
cause the missionary enterprise of the Church of the 
Brethren is comparatively in its infancy, and under 
the blessings of our Heavenly Father the future should 
see great growth and an expanded program in all our 
mission fields. 

As a silver lining to this dark cloud one must recog- 
nize that, since the missionary enterprise of most 
other denominations is from two to three times as 
old as ours, there has been a correspondingly longer 
time to impart missionary vision and to grow in the 
grace of giving. And obviously one of the most im- 
portant necessities for our future success in the mis- 
sion field is a continued campaign of information and 
education regarding our overseas work and the su- 
preme obligation of the church in fulfilling the great 
commission of her Master. 

But recognizing all of this a careful consideration 
of the present unbalanced status drives one irresistibly 
to the conclusion that a vital necessity in securing for 
the church her future full share of world-wide service 
is a reduction to more reasonable proportions of our 
" exceedingly heavy " educational program. In other 
words we should adopt the recommendations of the 
Educational Commission. 

We shall consider further evidence on this point 
presently, but pause now to remark that the excellent 
studies published under the title of " Opportunities for 
Growth " in the Gospel Messenger for Aug. 15, 1925, 
and following, contain many facts confirming the wis- 
dom of the conclusions of the Commission. For these 
studies reveal the fact that if every one of our present 
colleges attained the highest percentage of enrollment 
now attained by the one with respect to our own young 
people the average number of Brethren College stu- 
dents in each institution would be only 279. This 
means that if we -had four senior colleges as per the 
Commission's recommendations and every one of these 
students were attending them the average enrollment 
for the four colleges would be only 55S. This is not 
too many ; indeed, the average enrollment in other de- 
nominational colleges is given as 473. And that four 
senior colleges are sufficient for our young people is 
especially apparent if the other colleges continue as 

(Continued on Pane 36) 



THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 9, 1926 

The Lure of a Practical Idealism 


Tradition dictates the separation of church and 
state. This has constituted, to many minds, the ex- 
cuse for a professedly non-religious attitude on the 
part of political leaders and a disinterest in social, 
civic, and national affairs on the part of church offi- 
cials. The religious life and ordinary daily activity 
are commonly regarded as existing in water-tight 
compartments, hermetically sealed against each other. 
Men shrink from mixing religion and politics, ethics 
and business, or ideals and labor, because they are not 
accustomed to see the affinities which each of these 
has for the other. 

Science and religion' are frequently regarded as be- 
ing contradictory and mutually exclusive. They are 
set up to repel each other as. the repelling poles of 
magnetic action. The idealist is viewed with pity or 
scorn by the pragmatist, who in turn is regarded as 
flippant or superficial. The plans and principles of 
many a truly practical idealist are hounded and jeered 
at by the snickering crowd, merely because some day 
dreamers have not been able to bring into tangible re- 
lief the conceptions of their unreal world. To some 
persons, both religious idealism and scientific prag- 
matism seem to be warped out of shape and twisted 
beyond hope of recognition. 

The gigantic figure of life itself overrides and 
tramples under foot the petty cobwebs of philosophy 
that many paltry, two-by-four philosophers (?) spin 
out of their musty brains. Life should be the finest 
manifestation and the. most conclusive evidence of 
truth, but as it is often lived it is blasphemous rather 
than complimentary. Divinity, which should be inter- 
preted and reflected in the commonplace, too often suf- 
fers its most disjointed travesty right there. Practi- 
cal life, which ought to be a dramatic presentation of 
the livableness of sacred truths, we find converted into 
a gross secularism, profane in attitude, rude and cold 
in mien, and decidedly barbarous in its narrow vision. 

" The world is too much with us ; late and soon, 
Getting and spending, we lay waste our powers." 

— Wordsworth. 

This uncouth, unpoetic system of living would 
trample as boldly upon God's handiwork as upon the 
barren sidewalk, would as lief throw pebbles through a 
temple window as through a barn door, would des- 
ecrate not only the labelled areas of religion, but alike 
the holy sanctums of everyday life ; as winking in cold 
indifference at the sunset, or treading needlessly upon a 
beetle, or making light of human suffering, or jesting 
about the character-strides of a human soul. One of 
the saddest heresies that are infesting our life today is 
•the mutual exclusiveness of the secular and the sacred. 
The secularization of life has resulted in an in- 
crease of materialism, which accounts for emotions 
as the throbbing of material energy, thoughts as physi- 
cal motion, and " dreams as dust." This worldliness 
is what James Martineau defines as " the growing en- 
croachments of the outward upon the inward." It is 
the domination of the five senses without the moral 
sense. It is blind to any great trends of moral progress 
that are threading their way through human history, or 
any noble ideals of the broader social consciousness 
that are yearly taking more definite form. Secular- 
ism would poison our streams at the fountain head, 
would sprinkle the corruption of its thoughts over the 
sanctity of such vital realities as friendship, the home, 
motherhood, and unselfish sacrifice. Secularism, 
swooning in its sordid sense-world, would materialize 
our education and recreation, would jazz away the 
sublimity of life into syncopated debauchery, and 
would coin the gold of sand, Stardust, goldenrod, and 
sunbeam into mint-cast coins. 

There is a class of men who interpret the realities of 
life in terms of logic and reason. The cold, calculating, 
critical attitude, which is concerned primarily with 
measurements, statistics, and quantitative analyses, is 
antagonistic to that warmth and tenderness of heart 
which values aspiration above infallible exactness, the 
poet's theme above grammatical and rhetorical ele- 
ments, life above corpuscles and anatomy, the spirit of 
a school above its building and equipment, and the soul 

of America above its political and commercial success- 
es. Though our schools and laboratories advance in sci- 
entific analysis to the nth degree of development, 
though they catalogue and categorize all the elements 
and substances known to man, our civilization will col- 
lapse unless it is accompanied by a corresponding in- 
crease in sympathy and social sensitiveness. 

Social understanding and goodwill can best be fos- 
tered through the use of both synthetic processes and 
the processes of analysis. The poetic temperament is es- 
sentially sympathetic and altruistic. The Christian at- 
titude of human brotherhood and social service is 
positive, constructive, uplifting. The follower of 
Christ is more deeply interested in the task of 'classify- 
ing and understanding moral and social forces than in 
analyzing the elements in rocks and .soils. He would 
rather learn how to irrigate and cultivate the arid 
zones of human life than the deserts of the southwest. 
(We do not mean to disparge the value of natural sci- 
ence and agriculture, but merely, to look at different 
realities of life with the proper perspective. Natural 
science is important only in so far as it contributes to 
spiritual welfare.) 

The follower of Christ loves to gaze upon the glow- 
ing sunset or upon the gorgeous grandeur of mountain 
scenery, but human lift is much more beautiful, more 
interesting, more varied than pictures such as these. 
The soul is as a blank and vacant photographic print, 
which, after being treated with the proper solution, re- 
veals, /as if by magic, figures and images, lights and 
shadows, symbols and prefigurements. The soul, to an 
imaginative and sympathetic person, abounds in mean- 
ing and significance. Victorious human life and so- 
cial relationships are scenic beauty in themselves. For 
here are the interlacing of duty and desire, the in- 
terplaying of sunshine and shadow, the intermingling 
of types and temperaments, the interblending of soul- 
forms and soul-colors. 

The career that is devoted to social life and its re- 
ligious development is one of constant surprise and 
discovery. Each day, as it were, is a journey into an 
undiscovered country, where there are new sights and 
sounds and where beauty is renewed in a thousand 
different forms. Into this ever-shifting panorama of 
experience the individual infuses his personal identity 
and society is reinterpreted and reunderstood in a 
better way than ever before. To the sensitive Chris- 
tian soul, human life is throbbing and pulsating with 
unused energy. It bears the tracing and inscription 
of the Divine Artist. It is the crucible in which this 
world is melted to be fashioned anew. It is the lyre in 
the hands of the Master Musician. It possesses the 
insignia and birthright of the Giver of all life. It is a 
lineal descendant of the Guardian of truth. It is the 
image of God. 
McPherson, Kans. 

of war when we had a chance would condemn us. 

Under these circumstances is it riot reasonable to 
expect every church in the Brotherhood, without ex- 
ception, to take a vote within the church on this ques- 
tion and then communicate the result of this vote 
to the two United States senators who represent the 
particular State in which the local church is situated ? 
It is fairly safe to predict that our church will never 
get another chance to go on record as having had a 
part in this most remarkable humanitarian accom- 
plishment. Will any voice be raised to say that the 
help of our church is not needed on this proposition, 
that it will succeed without our help? Surely not, Be- 
cause that line of thought would completely deny the 
purpose of the church to help put into practice every 
other principle of the Prince of Peace. 

Nov York City. 

Your Chance to Further Peace 


In some cases it is literally true that " opportunity 

knocks but once." 

One such instance is the opportunity for every 
Christian and every church preferring the World 
Court to the war system to place himself or itself on 
record to this effect. This question will doubtless be 
decided for our nation by our United States senators 
within the next few weeks. It is a question of such 
vital importance that no person or no church can af- 
ford to be neutral on it. To use a scriptural expres- 
sion, we should be either hot or cold on the proposition. 
We have now put directly up to us the choice between 
the World Court system and the World War system 
as a method of settling disputes between nations. 

The Church of the Brethren is placed in a position 
of peculiar responsibility in this matter for the simple 
reason that we have been on record as opposed to war 
and as refusing to go to war throughout our history 
as a church. If we now fail to support the method 
actually adopted by practically all other' nations for 
outlawing war, how are we going to justify our posi- 
tion as opposed to the war system in the future? The 
only answer is that we cannot. If we should ever at- 
tempt it, our record of failure to support the outlawry 

Song Worship Inherent in Man 


Man's impulse to sing seems to be inborn. The ex- 
pression of human feelings in song is universal, which 
is to say, it is natural. It has been found to be spon- 
taneous with all races, civilized and uncivilized. As 
far back as human history goes there .are found evi- 
dences of man's jubilations, wailings and gallantry ex- 
pressed in song. The folk-music, which comes from 
great antiquity, requiring ages and isolation for 
growth, points to a certainty that the talent of song 
is God's gift to man. There is a certain charm inher- 
ent in folk-music which is no doubt owing to the fact 
that it is the spontaneous out-flow of the emotions, 
unhampered by conventional modes. The folk-tunes 
are really " the wild flowers in .the realm of music." 
When this continent was discovered the American 
Indian was found to be using music and song as a 
means of communication between himself and the 
unseen but all-powerful spirits. The negro slaves 
brought with them to America their crude songs which 
probably were the fruits of centuries of evolution. 
The African negro, seemingly, . is the most gifted, 
musically, of the undeveloped races. His religious in- 
cantations and ceremonies are inseparably connected 
with music. With the African, as with all primitive 
peoples, where superstition is always rife, speech is 
not sacred enough for the purpose of invoking the aid 
of spirits inhabiting the earth, so untutored man breaks 
into song. The universal use made of music and song 
in all religious rites and ceremonies has been noted 
among all peoples from the earliest times. 

Paralleling what is revealed in secular history evi- 
dencing the inherency and spontaneity of the talent of 
song, are indications found in the Bible. It is thought 
by some that singing largely contributed to the happi- 
ness of our first parents in Paradise. At least it is 
only natural to suppose that one of the delights of 
life as yet unsullied by sin would be to sing praises 
to God. Milton, in characterizing his ideal Adam, 
fits into his mouth his " Hymn, to the Deity," as " a 
suitable expression of his adoring love." 

There can be no doubt that the patriarchs sang the 
praises of God. Their neighboring nations of that age 
used vocal and instrumental music. Abraham must 
have been versed in the music of Chaldea, as well as 
that of Egypt where he dwelt for a time. Jacob evi- 
dently had abundant opportunity to learn, music during 
the long sojourn with his uncle Laban, vdto, when his 
nephew left so surreptitiously, after overtaking him 
in his flight, said to him: "Wherefore didst thou flee 
away secretly, and steal away from me, . 
that I might have sent thee away with mirth and with 
song, with tabret and with harp ? " 

Music and song were a frequent means of encour- 
agement and enjoyment during the wanderings in the 
wilderness. Moses, having been educated in Egypt, 
and having spent his youth and early manhood where 
the best music was regarded as a daily necessity, prob- 
ably became as efficient in this art as he was gifted in 
poetry. Samuel belonged to a musical family and 
became an accomplished musician. With the aid of 
the sons of the prophets he introduced psalms into 
their services, and from that time singing became a 
prominent part of the public worship of God. All the 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 9, 1926 


way down through Jewish history we get occasional 
glimpses of the use of the service of song. Of course, 
Jesus, like other Jewish boys, was taught to sing the 
psalms. The " hymn " sung by him and his disciples 
at the last supper was doubtless one of the psalms. 

For some time after the ascension the disciples un- 
doubtedly used the Jewish hymns (psalms) in their 
worship. As time went on, however, they began to 
write and use hymns of their own. Perhaps the oldest 
hymn written by one of Christ's followers that has 
come down to us' and is still widely used, is the one 

written by Clement of Alexandria in about 200 A. D., 
the first line of which is, " Shepherd of Tender 
Youth." This hymn has been translated into various 
languages, and is still found in most of the standard 

Following the ascension of our Lord, the Day of 
Pentecost, Peter's wonderful sermon and the adding* 
of many souls to their number, the disciples "con- 
tinued steadfastly in the temple . , . praising 
God," which of course was largely in song. Passing 

(Continued on Page 28) 

Our Forward Movement 

Edited by J. W. Lear 

■al Director of the Council of Promotion 

Our Inherited Stewardship — Continued 

/. Stewardship of Personality. One of the most 
sacred and potential endowments from our God is 
life*. Everyone possesses a personality of enormous 
possibilities. Certain it is, too, that we are here not 
by our own choice or volition, but at the behest or 
will of God. He not only created life but has ar- 
ranged suitable environment for the sustenance of life 
and the development of personality. The will is su- 
preme in the choices one makes, yet one cannot es- 
cape the fact that life is a sacred trust and that in the 
end each one must give an account to God for the 
decisions made in developing and investing personality. 

" Ye are not your own." No, our God has a claim 
on each one based on three very reasonable grounds. 
He who is wise will not overlook this fact but will 
find the greatest satisfaction in a practical recognition 
of these claims. 

First, the creation claim: "And God said, Let us 
make man in our own image and after, our own like- 
ness. . . . And God created man in his own 
image, male and female created he them." This is the 
record in the book of Genesis. All life came into being 
at the fiat of the Almighty. Paul said that even the 
heathen poets declared man to be " the offspring " of 
God. All are sons of God by creation. . " For in him 
were all things created." 

Second, the providence claim : " In him we live 
and move and have our being " suggests utter de- 
pendence. Indeed, can we not all testify that it is 
verily true? Man's seeming independence and indi- 
vidual achievement rest upon his total dependence. 
In God all things consist (hold together) and man is 
no exception to the rule. James 4: 13-15 clearly enun- 
ciates this idea. 

Third, the redemption claim : Paul told the Ephesian 
elders that the church was purchased with the blood 
of Jesus. Now the church is not an impersonal organi- 
zation but rather an organism composed of believers 
in Christ Jesus — hence purchased personality. Peter 
warns believers against unholy and careless living on 
the ground that they are redeemed by the precious 
blood of Christ, stating that some had forgotten the 
" Master that bought them " and had thus brought 
" upon themselves swift destruction." 

Personality, therefore, is an emanation from God, 
subsists by the power of God and when marred by 
sin or iniquity may be restored by the grace of God. 
There was nothing in all of God's creation on the 
earth that received so much thought from him as did 
man. T,he value of human life is immeasurable by 
any system known to man. The Master startled his 
hearers by saymg: " For what doth it profit a man to 
gain the whole world and forfeit his life? For what 
should a man give in exchange for his life?" He 
who barters his soul for gold or sacrifices his life for 
sinful pleasure has trifled with eternal values. 

"What is man? " Who is this being that God im- 
mortalized and in whom the character of God finds 
affinity and the mind of God takes pleasure ? The 
Psalmist raised this question and men in all ages have 
been interested in understanding their own creative 
powers and values. To know.- self is essential if one 
expects to make himself function for the highest good. 
The things of greatest values are guarded the most 
closely and he who underestimates his own possibili- 

ties or proves indifferent thereto neglects the steward- 
ship of the greatest moment. 

Paul in writing to the Thessalonians inadvertently 
answered this question when he said: "I pray God 
your whole spirit, soul and body be preserved blame- 
less unto the coming of the Lord Jesus." Fearfully 
and wonderfully made is man. A trinity in unity — a 
triple alliance. 

1. The body — most interesting in form, most won- 
derful in functional possibilities, and yet formed from 
the dust of the ground, the body of man is one of the 
most highly developed of machines. 'It can handle 
artistically the finest and most intricate particles and 
at the same time manage the most gigantic creations. 
When properly controlled it is most charming and 
can render the most altruistic service ; but when 
improperly directed it becomes most frightful and 
exceedingly dangerous. It may house some of the most 
tender and sympathetic passions or the most despicable 
and vicious of emotions. It may constitute a temple 
for the dwelling of the Spirit of God or become a 
rendezvous for spirits of the most vicious type. The 
body should be given a chance to grow normally and 
be kept well and fitted for the largest service. But 
the body is not the personality. Physical training is 
important, but not the most important. The body is 
mortal ; it is the workshop of the soul and the temple 
of the Spirit. It will return to dust but tne personality 
lives on. Nevertheless, we must consider the members 
of our bodies " instruments of righteousness unto 

2. The soul — what is it? Our bodies are com- 
posed of earthly elements and through them we are 
sense conscious. Our souls are classified with the 
animal kingdom, but of a superior order — so much so 
that the human is self-conscious. The possibilities' of 
the human soul are near limitless. The intellect, the 
emotions and the will of the soul of man may he 
charmingly inventive and admit of a development 
that approaches divinity. The intellect perceives, imag- 
ines, conceives, reasons and judges. The emotions in 
their varied forms of expression give color and 
warmth to the products of the intellect. The will 
is the soul's self-determiner and through choices made 
decides the course of action, forms habits, builds 
character and determines destiny. The soul may with- 
out any thought of honoring, trusting or worshiping 

God develop a high state of artistic, aesthetic, economic 
and ethical culture. I do not mean to say the highest 
state, neither do I say that this is accomplished totally 
apart from the power of God. But rather apart from 
any recognition or individual reliance upon God. Such 
a soul is a highly organized, sensitized and developed 
animal, emanating from God and subsisting because of 
God, but determining an existence and growth in 
personal thought and ambition apart from God. This 
accounts for the selfish, sordid, unsympathetic ration- 
alists of our day— splendidly trained and highly spe- 
cialized animals devoid of the sense of heavenly moti- 
vation. We have not yet reached the personality or at 
least what determines the personality. What next? 

3. The Spirit. Here we enter the realm of the 
divine, both " in possibilities and in powers." The 
body was formed' by God the Spirit— was breathed 
from God. The union of the two created the human 
soul. The body is visible, houses the soul and affords 

tangible expression to the soul's program. But there 
is an unseen substance which if not dead brings the 
soul and body under the influence and will of God, 
forming a union between the material and spiritual 
and making it possible for man to have dominion over 
the works of God. His eternal purpose is determined 
not in the body or soul of man but in his spirit. 
" He that hath not the Spirit of Christ is none of his." 
We cannot have the mind of Christ unless we are born 
of his Spirit. Just here is our inheritance in Christ 
and no wonder the Holy Spirit is the earnest thereof. 
We are begotten by the Spirit and thus the Holy 
Spirit " beareth witness with our spirit " and " we 
cry Abba, Father." Now this redeemed spirit of the 
individual renews the mind and sanctifies the body. 
So that under the power of the Holy Spirit our spirit, 
soul and body are preserved blameless unto his coming 
and while awaiting his coming render service accord- 
ing to his will. 

His workmanship. Jesus said to Pilate in answer 
to the question, "Art thou a king then?" "To this 
end have I been born, and to tins end am I come into 
the world, that I should bear witness unto the truth." 
In this answer we must infer that Jesus recognized 
a divine plan for bis earthly existence. And no 
marvel that he would say, " I came not to do mine own 
will but the will of him that sent me." Not a single 
utterance of the Master suggested other than complete 
submission to the purpose of this heavenly Father. 
Paul to the Ephesians wrote: "For we are his 
workmanship, created in Christ Jesus for good works, 
which God afore prepared that we should walk in 
them." Here we have a divine objective for human 
life as well as a divine creation of life. Both the life 
and the works for that life arc ordered of God. It is 
foolish therefore if we refuse to become fellow work- 
ers with him to will and to work of his good pleasure. 
Acknowledge bis ownership. Everyone should glad- 
ly acknowledge that God is the Creator, Supporter 
and Redeemer of life and that we are not our own. 
A very important question arises when we make this 
acknowledgment. It is: What am I going to do with 
my life, its powers mid possibilities? There can be 
but one right answer to that question; i. e., do the 
Father's will, Some incline to the notion that doing 
the will of God determines seriously the activities 
and narrows the vision. By no means, for the highest 
attainment one can reach and the largest service one 
can renderTic not outside but inside the will of God. 
This will can be discovered only in the realm of the 
Spirit. It is not a matter of human reason. The 
rationalist never finds God. i It is a matter of faith 
born of the Spirit working 1)y love. Human reason 
has a part in working out the will of God, but that 
will must be born in the" spirit as the Holy Spirit 
broods therein. If we^can say with Paul, " For to 
me to live is Christ," then we can surely join him 
heartily in declaring " to die is gain." 

We possess our personalities and powers. God is 
the owner of them. Shall we not therefore possess 
them for him and his cause? 

A Young Tither 

Sister Beryl Firestone, Hershey, Pa.„ sends with 
her offering the following interesting statement: " I 
am again sending my tithe offering for the year and 
as a Christmas present for world-wide mission pur- 
poses. This is the tenth of my yearly earnings. 

" I am just nineteen years old and have been a 
member for three years and a teacher of the infant 
Sunday-school class for two years. May the Lord 
bless this offering to be used where most needed." 

If we could get the young people of the church to 
dedicate their lives and their possessions to the Lord 
for his glory and kingdom the church of Jesus Christ 
would move upward and forward with an amazing 

This young sister has started in the right direction 
and we pray for her a larger service as the years ad- 
vance. We hope, too, that her zeal for service will 
kindle the fire in many other young hearts so that the 
work of the next generation will far surpass that 
of this generation. 



The Pastor's Challenge 

The Care of the Child by the Church-Number 2 

■ It is one thing to say that America is facing a real 
crisis in terms of daily conduct, but quite a different 
matter to attempt to discover a solution for this situ- 
ation. There must be a cause which should be con- 
sidered in order to find a cure. Is it not rather dis- 
tressing that America, a land which has had such a 
splendid reputation as a Christian nation, should come 
to have such an unsavory record because of certain 
aspects of her national conduct? Must we explain 
that this situation exists in spite of our Christianity or 
are we as Christians involved in this perplexing dilem- 
ma ? Have we done the wrong thing or is it possible 
that we have failed to do all that a Christian nation 
should do in the interest of personal development and 
national retrenchment? 

Conditions are alarming here in America because 
our standards of conduct are faulty. That point is ad- 
mitted by all. Our conduct is abnormal either because 
of a false program of education or because of an in- 
complete education, for all conduct is a product of 
teaching. The trouble can not be on account of insuffi- 
cient time for such work, for our schools run during the 
greater part of the year in those areas from which our 
poorest returns are coming in terms of conduct. A 
careful survey of the situation would seem to sug- 
gest that it is the incomplete education which is re- 
sponsible for this faulty conduct and that our edu- 
cational program is incomplete largely because it does 
not include religion and morals as basic elements in 
its curriculum of instruction. 

If our national dilemma is due to the conspicuous 
absence of morals and religipn in our national teaching 
program then two further facts are facing us with 
rather piercing eyes. This guilt is resting on the 
shoulders of the Christian people of America and the 
Christian church must take a new interest in the care 
of the child before any real solution can be found. 
The Christian church must see to it that our children 
receive a balanced education or training, which is to 
say that the church must become responsible for an 
adequate training in terms of morals and religion — 
which is but another way of saying an adequate train- 
ing in terms of Christianity. America needs, chiefly, 
to come to apply the principles of Jesus in her daily 
conduct as a nation. Such conduct can never result 
from a study of algebra and Latin and English and 
the many other associate s'tudies which are being of- 
fered by our public schools. .Such studies have only 
to do with efficiency in making a living and with gen- 
eral standards of culture. They are helpless when it 
comes to -the living of a life. It is only when life is 
properly undergirded by moral and religious convic- 
tions that men and women are able to regulate their 
conduct in terms of right standards of daily life. And 
it is not possible to realize this high objective as it 
should be except in so far as we teach the child cor- 
rectly during that plastic period when his life habits 
are being molded and fashioned. 

What can the church do to properly care for the 
child as she tries to respond to the challenge which is 
facing her ? There needs to be, first of all, a renewing 
of responsibility on the part of the Christian home 
which has always been God's first aid in terms of 
character building and the control of conduct. This 
should be a foundation point of emphasis in the pas- 
toral program which we hope to develop as a denomi- 
nation. The pulpit, the Sunday-school and every 
teaching agency of the church should back this idea 
most vigorously. The Home and Family department 
of the Gospel Messenger should be more and more 
switched from a miscellaneous collection of contribu- 
tions to a constructive series of articles which should 
have experts back of them in the interest of this great- 
est. of all objectives which is the control of conduct 
through 'a practical application of the principles of 
Jesus. Our Missionary Visitor might well devote reg- 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 9, 1926 

ular space to this same point of emphasis in terms of 
its own particular interests since the future of the 
whole missionary program largely depends on the par- 
ticular training which our homes shall give to their 

Next to the home comes the Sunday-school as a 
teaching agency through which conduct is to be set in 
action and properly directed. Three points need seri- 
ous attention in our present Sunday-school program. 
First, we need to have fixed in mind certain specific 
goals' toward which we shall be constantly struggling 
in the interest of the individual child as we think of 
his future conduct in all of the walks of life. Such 
goals at present are largely conspicuous because of 

(Continued on Page 27) 

pastor is he who has sent out, even from a small 
church, a number of ministers, missionaries, home 
builders, etc. This is real success. In conclusion let 
me invite you, fellow pastor, to read Ezek. 3: 16-21. 
May God bless all our pastors. 
Raisin City, Calif. 

Hints for the Pastor 


In Four Parts— Part Four 

What the Pastor Should Do 

There are many things a pastor should do. He 
should read. The best books and magazines should 
fill his shelves and desk. He should read them too. 
Some of them may be reference books, yet most of 
them should be read. New books should frequently 
find their way into his library. 

The pastor must commune. He must pray and 
meditate. The, men who have moved the world God- 
ward have been men of prayer. Think of Moses, 
Paul and Christ. If a pastor would be a power he 
must spend time on his knees. It is also important 
to meditate. Meditation and prayer go together. The 
time spent alone in communion with God is time 
doubly regained out in the field of soul culture and 
uplift among fellow-men. 

The pastor should preach the Word. Paul's injunc- 
tion to Timothy : " Preach the Word," is still needed. 
The minister should find the basis of his preaching in 
the Word. It is not theories, theology, news of the 
day, nor yet his hobbies that he is to preach. " The 
preacher should ride his hobby at home and not trot it 
out before his congregation every Sunday." Many 
souls are starving for the bread of life and turn away 
in disappointment while the minister is getting off 
his theory as to some " isms " for which he has a 
particular fancy. 

The pastor should make things interesting. A lady 
said in the presence of the writer: "If people talk 
or cut-up in services it is the fault of the minister." 
There may be exceptions to this, and yet doubtless 
there is more truth here than most of us are willing to 
admit. The pastor should also make other things of 
interest as well as his sermon. 

The minister is one who must learn to take some 
knocks. Pity the preacher, as some one has said in 
the following: "The preacher has a great time. If 
his hair is gray, he is old; if he is a young man, he 
hasn't had experience. If he has ten children he has 
too many; if he has none, he isn't setting a good ex- 
ample. If his wife sings in the choir, she is presuming; 
if she doesn't she isn't interested in her husband's 
work. If a preacher reads from notes, he is a bore; 
if he speaks extemporaneously, he isn't, deep enough. 
If he stays at home in his study, he doesn't mix enough 
with the people; if he is seen around the streets he 
ought to be at home getting up a good sermon. If 
he calls on some poor family, he is playing to the 
grandstand; if he calls at the home of the wealthy, 
he is an aristocrat. Whatever he does, some one could 
have told him to do better." He is expected to endure 
all this and keep sweet. 

Finally, the pastor must lead souls to Christ. The 
one aim in all that he does is to lead the unsaved to the 
Savior. He must also build them up in Christ. We often 
laud the evangelist but forget the man who must stay by 
the job after the enthusiasm of the campaign is over. It 
it a greater work to feed souls and keep them grow- 
ing than it is to help them start. But even 
then the work is not completed. The final test is how 
many souls can he send out for Christ. It would be 
fine if all pastors could have large congregations, but 
some must be content with the smaller charges. Per- 
haps some day we will realize the most successful 

" Shine Inside " 

Note: Clip and file under the heading "Joy." Cross references: 
" Love," " Light," " Radiance." 

In the passenger depot in Richmond, Ind., on New 
Year's eve, 1923, I saw hanging beside the door of 
the men's washroom a sign which read : " Shine In- 

This is a good motto for us if we are preachers 
of the Gospel of glad tidings, and examples of "the 
joy that is within us ! " How essential as a guiding 
principle of life for every Christian who is worthy of 
the name, " for the kingdom of God is not eating and 
drinking, but righteousness and peace and joy in 
the Holy Spirit " (Rom. 14 ; : 17) ! 

" Shine Inside." If we are going to shine at all, 
we must first shine inside. Our outward appearance 
is but the manifestation of our inward state. Let the 
love of God kindle a holy fire within us ; let the oil of 
human compassion and brotherhood feed that fire 
until it become a mighty flame: then will it be that 
we shall shine outside with all the radiance of the Spirit 
of Christ. ' 

" Shine Inside ". — for that which, is in must come 
out. It is the best kind of a Christian sermon. It warms 
our own hearts; it warms the hearts of those with 
whom we come in contact. It dispels sour faces, it sub- 
stitutes sweetness for bitterness of soul. It changes 
shadow to sunlight, it makes friends out of foes. It 
is " the leaven which leaveneth the whole loaf " ; it 
is the love of God in our hearts. 

Christian radiance ought through each of us to in- 
fluence a circle of acquaintances; it ought to make 
our own church more actively evangelical; it ought 
to shine out from the citadels of Christendom more 
than it is doing at the present time. For it is a mighty 
flame that can give light unto the whole world. How 
unparalleled a message to carry from one Christmas 
or New Year's tide to another here or abroad, at home 
or in foreign lands : " Shine Inside ! " 

Tucson, Ariz. , . , 



A few years ago some one wrote to the Rev. David 
Smith, a corresponding editor of the British Weekly, , 
asking his advice as to how to deal with cranks. The 
correspondent said that in the church of which he 
was a member there were some individuals who seemed 
to take an unholy delight in causing trouble, and when 
things did not go their way showed their keen dis- 
pleasure by staying away from public worship, or ex- 
aggerating their grievances and talking about them to 
others. The answer to this correspondent was so full 
of common sense and kindly feeling that we believe 
its publication will do good. Dr. Smith wrote: 

Be friendly and kindly whenever you encounter cranks, 
but never go out of your way to show them attention in 
the vain hope of winning them. It is related of Diogenes 
the cynic, that once, to demonstrate his contempt for 
creature comforts, he stood out in the pouring rain to the 
admiration of passers-by, until Plato came along and told 
them that, if they took no notice of Diogenes, he soon 
would go home and make himself comfortable. 

But I confess to a certain sympathy with cranks. They 
are no doubt very unpleasant, and, if you let them, they 
can be very troublesome; but there is generally a reason 
for their being what they are, and, depend upon it, -if you 
knew their reason, you would' look upon them, at least, 
with sympathy. . 

More and more do I see, in this dark, world of ours, 
where each is a veiled mystery to his fellows, there is no 
place for blame and condemnation; rather is there need 
of patience and forbearance and pity and gentleness. Be- 
lieve me, there is not a hard word that you have ever 
spoken which you would not bitterly regret if you knew 
all It was like striking a wounded animal. Never strike 
until you see what you are striking; and when you see, 
you will not strike. Be patient, be kind, be gentle. 

Toronto, Canada. '*' 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 9, 1926 




If you'd possess felicity, 
Choose as your guide simplicity. 
You'll find her in the rarest gem, 
The sweetest flower grows on her stem. 
You'll find her in the primmest frock 
Devoid of furbelows that mock. 
And if she rules your table, too, 
I'm sure 'twill mean good health to you. 
The sweetest tones man ever heard 
Came from the throat of plainest bird- 
The cooing of the turtle dove 
A-singing songs of simple love. 
In the rural sun and shade 
One ever finds the sweetest maid ; 
Simplicity, her willing guide, 
Endows this maid with simple pride. 

Los Angeles, Calif. 

Intercessory Missionaries 


Rosamond had come home much disappointed. For 
many years she had planned to go to the foreign field. 
But the. door was closed. She could not pass the rigid 
health examination. 

Uncle David bided his time for he is very wise. 
One day Rosamond came into the home with Priscil- 
la. At once Priscilla left the room to busy herself with 
some homely duties. She, too, felt that this was an 
opportunity for Uncle David's healing influence. 

Rosamond answered the casual questions put by 
Uncle David rather indifferently. Then rather sud- 
denly he leaned forward in his chair saying: "Rosa- 
mond, what are you going to do for the world field 
now? " 

All the longing, yea, despair, within the young wom- 
an welled up into her voice as she replied : " Why, 
Uncle David, you know the door is shut in my face. 
What can I do? " 

" You have put in much faithful time and effort for 
preparation," he answered. 

" I certainly have," Rosamond replied sitting up 
straighter than Uncle David had seen her do for some 
time. " Oh; how I had counted upon working with 
girls and young women! I had visions of sending 
them out equipped to work in villages, or of making 
into splendid home-keepers and thus exert a wonder- 
ful influence upon their neighbors. But now that is 
all over," she said dejectedly. 

Uncle David shook his head in vigorous denial. 
" No, my dear girl ; you are mistaken. It is time for 
you to begin your work." 

The girl looked up curiously. For the first time 
she was beginning to feel hopes again for a useful 
career as a willing volunteer in Christ's service. Then 
she asked: "Will you please explain to me?" 

" It is like this," Uncle David began, " only one 
door has been closed to you. There remain other 
doors; with your broad understanding of the needs 
of the field you can enter into some of these other 
doors. Can you not find your team-mate upon the 
field? You wanted to go to Africa?" 

" Yes," the girl nodded, her eyes fastened upon Un- 
cle David's face. 

" Very well. Look over the list of missionaries in 
that field. Find out who is working particularly among 
girls and women. Write to her. Project yourself in- 
to "her work. Learn of her field, her opportunities, 
and her difficulties. Then go on your knees in daily 
prayer to almighty God for her, your team-mate spir- 
itually speaking. I'll warrant you that you will be 
holding her arms Godward and she will be enabled to 
do' mighty work. 

" Have her to write freely to you. Of course you can 
write often to her, three letters to her one I should 
say. And you will find your life bubbling over for 
the same cause in the foreign field though you may 
never put your foot upon that particular ground. 

'■Again there is another door I might mention. We 
have need here at home for sympathetic interpretation 

of the missionary enterprise. Many folks have never 
become interested in missions because they lack true 
knowledge of it. Can you not find time to impart in- 
formation to others, in other words sell the cause of 


" I understand you are going to teach in a girls' 
school this year. Will you not find girls there who 
need to be set on fire with true ideals for life? With 
loving comprehension you will see various needs. 
With broadening vision you will find many oppor- 
tunities that may prove stepping stones to larger oppor- 

" The one door has been closed, but I am thinking 
many other doors are waiting for your coming." 

Rosamond's eyes were shining with unshed tears, 
her voice trembled in spite of herself. " Uncle David, 
you have given me the first real help I have had since 
I heard I could not go. I'll not try to tell you what it 
means to me." 

She rose to her feet. " Please excuse my de- 
parture to Priscilla." With that she was gone. A 
very short while later Priscilla came into the room. 
" Oh, Uncle David, I knew you were the tonic that 
Rosamond needed. Bless your kind heart! " So say- 
ing she left a kiss on the top of his silvery head. 

One day months later Priscilla received a letter from 
Rosamond. In it were these words for Uncle David, 
" The doors are opening. I have found my team-mate 
in Africa and it is a wonderful blessing to me. I am 
telling others how to be intercessory missionaries." 

Fort Seneca, Ohio. 

The Savior of Women 


.As the years pass and I learn more of the past and 
of heathen lands today I grow more and more grateful 
to the Father for sending Jesus Christ to emancipate 

Even the Jewish woman of old who had been taught 
from infancy to serve and honor Jehovah, had a very 
restricted life compared to that of her sister who 
has been blessed by the coming of the Messiah. 

When I was a child I loved to read the story of 
Queen Esther and had a joyous thrill over the rise 
of this sweet Jewish girl to the throne of a foreign 
country, and over her popularity and her triumph as 
the savior of her nation. But now I think, " Poor, 
poor Esther — her uncle's chattel, her husband's slave 1 " 

Solomon described the Jewish ideal of a perfect 
woman in the last of his proverbs. Women love to 
read this as the description of the pattern to which 
they must mold themselves. It is really amusing to 
hear them do so, for which of them in her heart wishes 
to be exactly like this woman? If Solomon's wives 
were of this type it is no wonder that he could sup- 
port a harem almost a hundred times bigger than 
Brigham Young's. His ladies' could keep him hand- 

It may be noted that this woman's virtues were 
such as produce or save money — a most excellent 
Jewess. By her own efforts she either gathered or 
purchased the wool and flax she used in spinning and 
weaving goods for household linen and the clothing 
of her family. She did the marketing, she made extra 
goods above her needs, to sell; she bought the family 
real estate, and worked before day and after dark 
to do these things. Besides these duties, she fed her 
household, gave to charity and said wise things. She 
not only did the work classed as woman's but also 
that of a man. She was said to be wise, yet without 
protest, she consented to have her husband sit all day 
in the gates with elders. I assume he was a judge 
and not unduly energetic. 

What time did this woman give to religious wor- 
ship? What to the training of her children? Noth- 
ing is said of this obligation, although they transcend 
the other. How very different were the lives of the 
first good Christian women! 

The most housewifely of them all, who certainly 
was not so interested in material things as Solomon's 
paragon, was rebuked for neglecting spiritual things 

for earthly ones. That -was Martha, who merely 
wanted to make Jesus physically comfortable. 

The Savior constantly warned his disciples of the 
folly of being overly anxious about material things 
and of the great danger of wealth. They were told 
to give no concern for their food and clothing which 
the Father would provide. Of course he expected 
everyone to labor for his necessities, but he probably 
meant that we were not to center our minds on things, 
nor worry about them, but to do our duty and leave 
the rest to God. Always he taught men to seek God 
and his Kingdom and not to fix their affections on 

That is why he commended Mary. I do not believe 
that she was an idler but that she was wise enough 
to put first things first. 

Through Jesus, the world has learned that woman 
has a soul and a mind. Before his day she was sup- 
posed to have neither, but to be a mere convenience 
for man. In feeding and clothing her family, bearing 
children and adding to the family income she fulfilled 
her destiny. 

Jesus placed a paramount value on the human soul. 
Woman, rather than man, has the keeping of souls 
in her hand. The training of little children has been 
given her and all women know that men also are little 
children, more or less. For these reasons the noblest 
woman is she who exerts a wholesome spiritual in- 
fluence over others. Nowadays we know that admit- 
ting it is quite noble and part of God's plan to do the 
home duties, it is even better to train souls and build 
up the Kingdom. Had Jesus not come into the world 
women would not have had such a great part in this 
work. The powers of the feminine world would have 
remained latent. 

Mary, the mother of Jesus, as we know, spent much 
time in training her Son in the Scriptures. When he 
became a man and preached to the masses he quoted 
freely [nun Lhe Old Testament. Mary, the mother 
of Jesus, and Mary of Bethany are examples of the 
new ideal of woman. 
Long Beach, Calif. 

The Best Missionary 


I was asked at a young people's Endeavor Meeting 
recently to give an answer to this question: At what 
age are we the host as missionaries? The answer I 
gave was: " When we are from twelve to twenty 
years old." If I were answering the same question 
again I would change it to — do I hear a suggestion? — 
" From twenty to thirty-five when we are at our best 
physically, mentally and intellectually" But I will 
say now that I think we are best as missionaries from 
one to twelve. Perhaps there is not a man or woman 
living who would not be touched by a little five-year- 
old trying to pray, or by one in the early teen age 
earnestly trying to live a Christian life. Innocency, 
simplicity and purity — these with earnestness at a 
young and tender age will win where great strength 
and force in those of more mature age will often fail. 

This view may have a tendency to put a damper on 
the enthusiasm of us older ones. Perhaps we can catch 
the thought of the little folks and just remain in- 
nocent and maintain our purity, simplicity and ten- 
derness. It lias been said that we are twice a child and 
once a man. May we not be as children all the time — 
at least having the purity of children, the tenderness 
and simplicity of children? Then we will not lose our 
hold on those about us, for our prestige and our effi- 
ciency as missionaries will be maintained as when we 
were children when we were sowing in weakness and 
reaping in power, instead of sowing in power and 
reaping in weakness, as many of us are doing after 
we reach mature age. And thus much of our mission- 
ary energy is often wasted. May I say, even worse 
than wasted. The fineness and tenderness of charac- 
ter has not been touched by that which lifts us to a 
higher plane. Could we but maintain this simplicity 
and tenderness and thus develop fineness of charac- 
ter! May we be able to touch others and more effective- 
ly lift them to a higher level 1 

Avilla, Mo. I 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 9, 1 926 


Calendar for Sunday, January 10 

Sunday-school Lesson, Five Men Believe on Jesus.— 
John 1:35-49. 

Christian Workers' Meeting, Saved by Its Students.— 
Psa. 119:9-16;. Acts 2:14-18. 

* * * ♦ 
Gains for the Kingdom 

One baptism in the Wawaka church,- Ind. 

Two baptisms in the Spokane church, Wash. 

Seven baptisms in the Canton City church, Ohio. 

Eleven additions to the Pleasant Valley church, Ohio. 

One baptism in the Des Moines City church, Iowa. 

Three baptisms in the Northwest church, Roanoke, Va. 

Two baptisms in the Upper Poplar Run Union Chapel, 


Bro. M. 

Six baptisms in the Wenatchee church, Wash., 
S. Frantz, of Lindsay, Calif., evangelist. 

Five baptisms in the Mt. Morris church, III, Bro. H. F. 
Richards, of McPherson, Kans., evangelist. 

Fifteen baptisms in the Little Swatar'a church, Pa., Bro. 
Wm. Zobler, of Petersburg, Pa., evangelist. 

Seven baptisms in the Mississinewa church, Ind., Bro. 
W. B. Stover, of Mt. Morris, 111., evangelist. 

Eleven baptisms in the Eagle Creek church, Ohio, Bro. 
D. R. McFadden, of Smithville, Ohio, evangelist. 

Five decided for Christ in the Lebanon church, Pa., 
Bro. Michael Kurtz, of Richland, Pa., evangelist. 

Eleven accepted Christ in the Donnels Creek church, 
Ohio, Bro. S. Z. Smith, of Springfield, Ohio, evangelist. 

Four accepted Christ in the Okaw church, III, Brother 
and Sister C. I. Weber, of Allison Prairie, 111., evangelists. 

Twenty-nine baptisms in the South Beatrice church, 
Nebr,, Bro. J. Edwin Jarboe and the pastor, Eld. G. W. 
Ellenberger, evangelists. 

.*. «j, 4* <{* 

Personal Mention 

Bro. Harper Snavely, of Shamokin, Pa., pastor, began 
evangelistic meetings at his church Jan. 3. 

Bro. D. A. Crist is the delegate and Bro. J. E. Small, the 
alternate, to Standing Committee of 1926 from the District 
of Northwestern Kansas. 

Bro. Edward Frantz, senior editor of the "Messenger," 
is still at the hospital but continues to make satisfactory 
progress toward recovery. 

Bro. C. D. Bonsack spent most of the holiday week with 
the church of Middle Iowa, and was scheduled to be in 
Kansas City over last Sunday. 

Bro. C. D. Brendlinger will have some time that he can 
give to evangelistic work in 1926. Any churches wishing 
help should write bim soon. His address is 55 Bellevue 
Ave., Pontiac, Mich. 

Bro. F. D. Anthony, of Hooversville, Pa., is available 
for at least two series of meetings during the first three 
months of 1926. He would be glad to hear from churches 
desiring such services. 

Bro. F. H. Crumpacker plans to attend the Foreign 
Missionary Conference of North America at Atlantic City, 
N. J., Jan. 12 to 15. After the missionary conference he 
will spend about two weeks with the churches of Southern 
Ohio before returning to Elgin. 

Bro. Jas. F. Swallow's address is Malmo, Minn., again 
instead' of Grand Junction, Colo. Sister Swallow has fully 
recovered from the sickness that took them to Colorado 
two years ago. Bro. Swallow also wishes to announce 
that he will spend the coming year in evangelistic work, 
and those desiring dates should write early. 

The party from Africa consisting of Brother and Sister 
A. D. Helser and child, Bro. H. Stover Kulp, and prob- 
ably Sister Homer L. Burke, will reach New York about 
Jan. 12, at which time they will call for mail at 25 Madison 
Ave., New York City, care of Student Volunteer Move- 

Brother and Sister J. Edwin Jarboe, who were injured 
in an auto accident Dec. 27, as noted in last week's 
" Messenger," are now at home and apparently well on 
the way to complete recovery. Bro. Jarboe writes: "We 
have much to be thankful for and pray that we may be 
able to show our appreciation to our Heavenly Father 
for his care. Expect to be able to take up our work 
about the last of February." 

Bro. S. Z. Sharp of Fruita, Colo., is far beyond the al- 
lotted three score years and ten as most of our readers 
know. Writing of how it feels to be ninety years old he 
says: "I feel no different from what I did thirty years 
ago, except that my hearing is not quite so good. I can 
still write letters without my glasses as I always could. 
As nothing can happen without God's direction or his. 
permission, I give God the praise for my condition." 

Brethren C. L. Baker and E. S. Miller are delegates 
on the Standing Committee of 1926 from the District of 
Southern Pennsylvania. Brethren James M. Moore and 
C. R. Oellig are the alternates. 

Bro. C. A. Lewis, of Champaign, III, has sent us a report 
of additions to the church for the year 1925, as^ given in 
the " Messenger " under "' Gains for the Kingdom." Accord- 
ing -to mouths they are as follows: January, 575; Feb- 
ruary. 684; March, 445; April, 600; May, 634; June, 396; 
July, 429; August, 487; September, 605; October, 910; 
November, 784; December, 739; total, 7,288. He also calls 
attention to the fact that June has the smallest number 
and October the largest. We are greatly indebted to 
Bro. Lewis, and hope the figures will be of interest to 
many. .;. <$> <$*- 4» 

Miscellaneous Items 

The churchhouse at Pyrmont, Ind., burned about noon, 
Dec. 27, and is a total loss. These are the meager details 
that we were able to gather from a letter that came to 
the mission rooms a few days ago. 

" Your Chance to Further Peace " is the title of an article 
by Bro. George Fulk which appears on page 20 of this 
issue of the " Messenger." We recommend that you look 
it over and see what he suggests as a way that you can 
further the cause of peace. 

Church papers in the nation's life— have you ever 
stopped to think just what they mean both to the state 
and to you? On -the last page .of this "Messenger" you 
will find a series of statements by such men as Charles 
E. Jefferson and Robert E. Speer on the place of church 
papers in the nation's life. Read them over. We believe 
they deserve your careful thought. 

An unsigned letter mailed at Lanark, 111., Dec. 27 and 
dealing with some matters relative to the Gish Fund 
books was received some days ago. As the letter was 
written on a typewriter our handwriting experts were 
unable to give us a clue as to the writer's identity." As 
soon as Bro. J. E. Miller finds out which one of a half 
dozen ministerial possibilities wrote the letter he will 
be glad to giye the letter attention. 

Attention to small matters makes for perfection— at 
least we were reminded of this ancient sentiment when a 
sister in Iowa complimented us recently on the use "of 
a little more or a little better grade of paste in the manu- 
facture of her "Messenger."- It seems that - the sister 
referred to wants her paper to hold together in good shape 
so that she can pass it on for neighbors to 'read. If more 
of our readers will raise their hands in favor of this kind 
of inexpensive home mission work we will be glad to urge 
the foreman of the bindery to make sure that his paste 
is in prime condition. 

In his last letter from India Bro. J. E. Wagoner writes 
of the whitening fields of India as follows: "Thursday 
afternoon we took a survey of our evangelistic field. 
. . To my mind the most outstanding point in this 
survey was that in every district the people are open- 
minded toward the Gospel What a challenge this presents 

Mission Study classes interested in getting more material 
for the January and February studies on China will find 
some helpful articles in the January number of "The 
World Tomorrow." The spirit of new China is interpreted 
by Chinese writers. If you can not get "The World To- 
morrow" from your public library or a news stand send 
fifteen cents to the Fellowship Press, 104 East Ninth St., 
New York, N. Y., for the January issue. 
♦ * ♦ ♦ 
A Bystander's Notes 

The age that has boasted of its scientific spirit has 
still something to be desired in the way of tolerance. 
Thus the International Committee for Political Prisoners 
in a pamphlet (Political Persecution Today) is the authori- 
ty for the statement that "throughout the world today 
more prisoners are now serving terms for their politi- 
cal and industrial beliefs and activities than at any 
time in recorded history." Our guess is that this spirit 
of intolerance is not confined to politics; there has been 
a strange recrudescence of narrowness in many fields 
with lively propagandists seeking to make the average 
man swallow their ideas whether they are digestible or 

"The first essential of a good soul-winner is quality of 
life. He must be good. In commercial fields it is esti- 
mated that ninety per cent of a salesman's success depends 
upon the character of the man himself. If that be true 
of commercial agents, how much more is it true of the 
messengers of God? The soul-winner must be good. 
Good, not because he has not intentionally done that 
which is bad— that is mere negative quality. The good 
man of today is good not only because he leaves the 
bad alone, but also because of his untiring efforts to 
further the good. His goodness is both negative and posi- 
tive. It is true that some 'evangelists' and 'tramp 
preachers' have lived questionable lives and won their 
multitudes. But the real evangelists of today are resident 
pastors— hence the greater need of the enduring qualities 
of life." • . 

Notices and announcements for the "Messenger" should 
arrive in Elgin about ten days before the date of the 
issue in which they are to appear. In a pinch -we can put 
short items in on the second side on the Monday before 
our subscribers are to receive the paper on the following 
Saturday. Just last week we received an important notice 
of meetings to occur Dec. 29 and 30. As we were then fin- 
ishing the issue dated Jan. 2, it was obviously just a 
case of where the notice arrived too late for publication. 
Because this is not an isolated case it may be in place to 
outline for our readers the schedule the "Messenger" 
must run on to get to its readers' hands on time. Take 
the issue for Jan. 9 which the reader has in hand. On 
Wednesday, Dec. 23, the matter for the first side, pages 
18, 19, 22, 23, 26, 27, 30 and 31, was handed out to the 
linotype operators to be set up. Dec. 28 galley proofs were 
received and a dummy for the first side pasted up. Dec. 
29 the forms for the eight pages mentioned were made 
ready for the press and the printing of one side of the 

to us! And what a difference from a few years ago when original large sheets of paper, each one of^ which when 

we were hated and feared; when .everything the uu^iun 
did was looked upon with suspicion and distrust. Pray 
with us that we may be made able to make the most of 
these opportunities." , 

A pastor in Ohio is planning to preach a series of ser- 
mons on the Christian home during February.- It would 
be a fine thing if more of our ministers would not only 
preach on this pastor's subject but follow his method. 
Many of our ministers might well cultivate the habit of 
that close exhaustive study of a topic which enables them 
to find a whole series of sermons in a great theme such 
as the Christian home, the parables of our Lord, prayer, 
the church, or what it means to be a Christian. We once 
heard of a minister who used the parables given in the 
thirteenth chapter of Matthew as the basis for a ser- 
mon. He plowed so shallow that he was done before his 
time was up. We know of another minister who is" bas- 
ing a whole series of sermons on the parables, finding 
plenty of material in the implications of each parable 
for one or more sermons. Plow deep, fellow ministers, 
and you will find the sort of material that enables you 
to give your people a connected, balanced spiritual ra- 
tion. 4* *> ♦ ♦ 

Special Notices 
Evangelistic tour of the South: For the last several 
years the General Mission Board has assisted the churches 
in the Southland in evangelistic efforts by sending some 
one to conduct a series of evangelistic meetings in the 
various churches. Bro. John R. Snyder made a very suc- 
cessful tour of this field. Several evangelists have gone 

folded makes one copy of a "Messenger," was begun. 
Meanwhile matter for the second side, pages 17, 20, 21, 24, 
25, 28, 29 and 32 was in course of preparation. The dummy 
for the second side was pasted up Dec. 31, a little earlier 
than usual on account of Jan. 1 being a holiday; that is, 
all but page 24, " Among* the Churches," which is always 
held open until Monday night (in this case Jan. 4) for 
last minute news. Obviously matters that come in after 
Dec. 31, the date upon which all but page 24 is pasted up, 
must b'e content with a short notice on the "Among the 
Churches" page or be held over until the next issue- 
Jan. 16. There is one other possibility, and Bro. Fulk's 
article entitled, "Your Chance to Further Peace," will 
serve as an illustration. It came to the editor's desk after 
the dummy for page 20 was pasted up. Yet it contained 
matter, on account of the time element involved, which 
should' go into the pending issue if possible. In looking 
over page 20 as it had been pasted up it was discovered 
that another article of very similar length, but which 
could wait, might be lifted out and replaced by the new 
article if the linotype operators were not too busy to set 
the new one at once. As the way was clear for such a 
shift you have Bro. Fulk's article in this issue. We are 
writing these lines on Dec. 31 and if nothing unexpected 
happens this paper finished by Monday night, 
Jan. 4. Tuesday morning it will go to press. Tuesday noon 
finished papers will begin to come through and the mail- 
ing department will get busy mailing out to the most 
distant points first, gradually working back nearer and 
nearer to Elgin, 111. The mailing is so timed that if trains 
nd mail clerks function normally our readers will prac- 

" W e 

into the field- at different points. The General Mission tically all have their papers, by Saturday night, Jan. 9^ 

have made a rather long story about notices and a 

Board has asked Bro. S. Z. Smith, pastor at Springfiefd, 
Ohio, to make a tour of these churches this winter. Ac- 
cording to present plans he will start at Fruitdale, Ala., 
Feb. 7 and continue in the Southland until Conference 
time. He will go west from Fruitdale, Ala., to Roanoke 
and Rosepine, La., then to Manvel, Tex., and north. We 
feel very fortunate in securing Brother and Sister Smith 
for this winter and we request that the churches pray for 
th?ir success,— M. ^. Zigler, Home Mission Secretary, 

nouncements for the "Messenger." but we want our read- 
ers to understand the schedule upon which we run in or- 
der that they may help us to give all the best service possi- 
ble. Please remember that to insure the best service notices 
and announcements should reach the "Messenger" not 
less than ten days before the date of the issue in which 
they should appear. If they cap be sent earlier so much 
the better- 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 9, 1926 



Pity the Poor Venezuelans 

The Venezuelans, like most oE the people who live in 
the tropics, are not particularly enthusiastic workers. 
Thus it happened that when the radio came into such 
widespread popularity, Venezuelans home for luncheon 
and the mid-day siesta, often turned on their receivers 
and forgot to go back to work. Now it is reported that 
the government has stepped in and forbidden the importa- 
tion of any more radio sets. So it looks like more work 
and less entertainment for the poor Venezuelans. 

Railroads of the Future 

What will the railroads- of 'the future be like? Per- 
haps one guess is as good as another — except that a rail- 
road man's guess might grade somewhat above the aver- 
age run. At any rate the president of the Pere Marquette 
thinks that the trains of the future will move as fast as 
airplanes, and more safely. He thinks they will run 
on concrete road beds reinforced with steel beams. En- 
gines and cars will be equipped with roller bearings and 
so capable of incredible speed. What is your guess? 

The Farmer's Share 
Does the middleman get too much or are there just 
too many middlemen trying to get a share? Some years 
ago the writer studied a text book on retailing in which 
it was shown that the grocery business is not self-sup- 
porting. It is mainly kept going because there are so 
many folks with a few thousands, or even hundreds, of 
dollars who think that anybody can run a store. Well, 
whether the trouble is with the middleman's share or 
with his unnecessary numbers it is quite evident that the 
farmer is not getting his share. Recently one hundred 
and fifty Oregon farmers sat down to a banquet. "Every- 
thing served came from the farm. The farmers figured 
the cost of the dinner per plate, according to the prices 
they were paid for the things they were eating. It was 
sixteen cents. Then they went to a large restaurant in 
the same town and got the restaurant's price for the same 
thing. It was one dollar and fifty- five cents per plate. 
In other words, what the farmer was receiving sixteen 
cents for, the consumer was paying almost ten times 
as much to get. Somebody in between was making a 
rake off to the tune of one dollar and thirty-nine cents." 

A World of Bugs 
Those who have fought chinch, bugs, codling moths, 
army worms, or the various scale pests that infest fruit 
trees know a little something of the world of bugs. These 
bugs, and others that might be named, cause immense 
damage every\ year. Indeed it is said: "Within the life- 
time of the present generation plant pests have been 
introduced into this country from abroad which are doing 
at least a billion dollars of damage each year. And that 
figure does not include costs of control measures. Thus 
far there have been kept out of this country such pests 
as the Mediterranean fruit fly, citrus bark borer, Philip- 
pine orange moth, citrus black fly, which are particu- 
larly threatening to citrus: as well as the avocado weevil, 
grape beetle, black alfalfa leaf beetle, cherry weevil, plum 
borer, West Indian sweet potato weevil, pear fruit borer, 
painted apple moth, sweet potato stem borer and a 
thousand and one others, largely by virtue of Plant Quar- 
antine 37, known as the nursery stock and plant quaran- 
tine." . ___ 

The Spirit of Franklin Marching On 
" Benjamin Franklin, patron saint of thrift, will bestow 
wealth and honor on four high schools in the United 
States this year, and silver medals on four high school 
students. The students and schools are unknown at pres- 
ent, but they will come into prominence soon after Feb- 
ruary 1, when the awards for the four best essays on 
'The Many-Sided Franklin' are made public. The 
essays, not more than 2,000 words in length, are to be 
submitted by high school boys and girls during Thrift 
Week, January 17 to 23, and passed upon by a local 
committee. The best one from each school will be 
mailed to the Thrift Committee, at 347. Madison Avenue, 
New York, to be entered in the contest finals. No school 
may submit more than one essay. The winning paper, 
selected from hundreds sent from all over the country, 
will bring a silver medal to the writer and $250 to his 
high school. The next three will bring medals to the 
authors and $150, $75, and $25, respectively, to their 
schools. The awards are made possible by a donation 
of $500 from the International Benjamin Franklin Society. 
Members of the society's executive board will serve as 
judges in the national contest." 


War and the Taxpayer 

No doubt the popularity of war will wane appreciably 
when it is generally understood just bow heavily it 
weighs down upon the taxpayer. Mr. Mellon, Secretary of 
the United States treasury, is to be commended for his 
recent statement showing the relation between war and 
taxpayiug. Here is the gist of what he said in a recent 
report: "It is of interest to point out the proportion of 
government expenditures which are due to war. While 
it is not possible to segregate entirely all expenditures 
which might fall in .this category . . . the expendi- 
tures which are directly or indirectly attributable to war 
and the national defense compose over eighty per cent 
of total federal expenditures. The amounts spent by this 
government in aid of agriculture and business, for science, 
education, better roads, and other constructive efforts 
are insignificant when compared with outlays due to 
war and national defense. This will be the inevitable 
situation as long as war is the method of settling inter- 
national disputes. These facts should be faced' squarely 
by those who clamor for reduced government expendi- 
tures and at the same time oppose the world's efforts to 
devise rational methods for dealing with international 
questions." . . 

Women as Governors 
Down in Texas things are getting a bit interesting for 
Mrs. Miriam A. Ferguson, the Governess of the State. 
One critic claims: "Mrs. Ferguson functions as Governor 
so far as affixing her signature to official documents is 
concerned, but further than that I doubt whether she 
functions at all." The inference is that her husband "Jim" 
Ferguson is the power behind the throne. Governess Nellie 
Ross of Wyoming is leading a somewhat quieter life with 
the affairs of state moving along about as usual. Appar- 
ently the coming of women governors is not to mean 
any very great changes in the political world. In history 
one reads of good, bad, and indifferent queens and doubt- 
less the same will be true jf women as governesses. To 
our minds the most interesting aspect of the governess 
phenomenon is the light it throws upon the role of senti- 
ment in a democracy. Where the masses rule one finds 
plenty of strange turns on the part of the mob. A wave 
of sentiment sweeps some person into office, and with a 
change in tide he or she is rejected or forgotten. Of 
late the American people have been electing widows and 
sons to vacancies. And the significant fact is not just who 
happens to be the victim, but the increasing tendency of 
a nation to respond to sentiment rather than to convictions 
based on all the facts involved. 

Paris to Have a School of Salesmanship 

As a country, America is a tremendous producer and 
consumer, and it is but natural that salesmanship — which 
is the art of making' contacts between producers and con- 
sumers- — should come to its finest flower in the United 
States. Here a goodly proportion of our population is 
engaged in selling the rest of us anything from real estate 
to dime novelties. And now in recognition of our achieve- 
ments in this line, Paris, France, is to have a school of 
salesmanship modeled after the Prince School of Edu- 
cation for Store Service of Boston, Mass. "When the 
Prince School was first organized in 1905 training was 
given to saleswomen only. The work taken up included 
salesmanship, store system, textiles, color and design, 
arithmetic, hygiene and English. All of these subjects 
were taught in direct relation to the pupil's work as 
saleswomen. This was all with a view to increasing 
their efficiency and broadening their outlook. The re- 
sults of this course proved so satisfactory to all concerned 
that .it was decided to establish a training course for 
educational directors who would be fitted to undertake 
the directing and teaching of workers within the stores 
themselves. This course is now the chief work of the 
school. Students who enter this school with a bachelor's 
degree from an accredited college, may be candidates 
for the degree of Master of Science from Simmons Col- 
lege upon satisfactory completion of the course." Regard- 
ing the course as now given we read: "The Prince 
School offers a one-year course preparing its students 
to train and to teach various groups of store workers, 
those employed and those entering the retail field. The 
■ students receive not only theoretical training but prac- 
tical experience through the cooperation of a number 
of large department stores in Boston. Each student 
spends one day a week in a department store gaining 
practical selling knowledge. During the Christmas rush 
the school suspends classes and the students work in the 
stores in executive capacities. They may serve as floor 
managers, assistants in adjustment office, supervisors of 
new sales-persons, managers of gift shops, or super- 
visors of juniors. And they are paid for this part of their 
training." In the organization of their new venture of 
a school in salesmanship the French are to have the 
assistance of Miss Isabel Craig Bacon, Special Agent of 
Retail Selling, Federal Board for Vocational Education. 
As to character of training "The new French school 
for training saleswomen will be conducted in two sec- 
tions. First, the training of people already employed in 
stores, and second, the training of educational directors 
or teachers. The latter will be on a post graduate level 
—that is, it is preferred that students taking this course 
should have had previous college work. Americans may 
be proud of their women when their business efficiency 
is recognized to such an extent that a foreign Govern- 
ment formally requests the assistance of one in organiz- 
ing such a venture as the Ecolc Technique de Vente." 


Genesis 45: 5-10 
For Week Beginning January 17 

13; 39:2-6, 21-23; 41:37-44; 47:1-10). 

In the home of his father, as the servant of Potiphar, 
as trusty in the prison, as ruler in Egypt, and again, as 
son and brother to a famine-stricken home, lie is, under 
all circumstances, faithful. Stranger alike to bitterness 
and pride, he did not pine under injustice nor grow proud 
when exalted. Faithful in that which is least he be- 
came ruler over much (Matt. 25:14-30). 

II. GOD'S HAND IN JOSEPH'S LIFE (Gen. 45: 5-l»). 
Had Jacob been told at first that Joseph should save his 

entire family from famine, it would have been most 
unbelievable. As time passed it would appear utterly 
impossible. From a human point of view each successive 
event seemed to make such a possibility more and more 
remote: hated by his brethren, sold into Egypt, sold 
a slave, cast into prison. "Who said Joseph was to be the 
savior of Israel?" A few years, a few dreams and a 
famine, and |o, the purpose of God is accomplished! 
Joseph is the savior of Israel! 

Go to the good fathers and mothers in the church and 
you will find one of their deepest faiths to he thai they 
have not walked and worked alone I God's hand is in the 
lives of those who trust him (John 5:17; 14:10; Matt. 
0:25-34; Rom. S : 28 ; Gcil. 48; 15-lfi) I 

III. JOSEPH'S FORGIVENESS (Gen. 42:1^15:4). 
There i.s a sort of forgiveness which minimizes the 

offense. It simply doesn't care. It is unmoved by wrong. 
Its moral sense is dead. 

Another, in haughty pride, "just considers the source," 
as \vc say. 

Another harbors spile, but through fear or indolence, 
does nothing. 

Another, whose sense of justice is outraged, seeks 

Another, a modern sort, says: " O forget it; sin is all 
an imagination." 

But real forgiveness, is this of Joseph. It tomes from 
a heart full of iiitcnscst suffering. It came, like Christ's, 
from a cross. It induced the most sincere repentance 
in his brethren. Then, when he made himself known 
to them, they were not to him, nor lo themselves, acquitted 
criminals : they were brothers, in each other's arms. 
Like the forgiveness of God, il restates the family rela- 
tionship! The whole scene is bathed in a radiance of 
joy I Then if you allow your imagination to fill in be- 
tween the lines, you hear further confessions and forgive- 
ness as they explain to Jacob the blood-stained coat of 
many colors. As we see the united family in Egypt, Jacob 
blessing Joseph's children, we exclaim, " Behold how 
quarrels are settled, lives saved and joy created by one 
forgiving heart" (Matt. IS: 21 -35; Luke 17:3-4; Matt. 
n. 14-15; Mark 11:25-20; Eph. 4:32; Col. 3:13; Jas. 2:13)1 

I. What are some of the influences in modern life that 
work against the spirit of loyalty and truthfulness? 

II. How may we he sure of God's guidance and help? 
Ill Forgiveness : the true and false kinds. R. H. M. 

Why Not a Locarno of Our Own? 
In discussing the rather strained relations that have 
existed at times between Japan and the United States 
a mid-west newspaper makes a very sensible suggestion. 
Here it is: "Why not a Locarno of our own? Why should 
not representatives of Japan and the United States sit 
down tiigcthcr as the representatives of European na- 
tions did. with an open recognition of the perils they 
are facing and an honest desire to remove them? Could 
not Americans and Japanese come to an agreement of 
the Locarno sort— an agreement that might make possible 
a further reduction in the load of armaments under 
which each country labors; an agreement that would 
permit us to look to the future with a little more hope 
and a little less foreboding? Surely there is a desire 
for peace, at bottom. The average American doesn't want 
war with Japan; he merely fears that some day one 
will be necessary. And' the average Japanese feels the 
same way about it. After all. the exact form of the 
treaty isn't important. Words on paper mean nothing 
unless there is a spirit back of them. But if that spirit 
is of the right sort the words mean everything. The 
spirit is waiting to be given expression. Neither nation 
wants war. Let the- leaders get together and free us 
from our last fear of armed conflict. Make the endunng 

peace ttniversa 

1 ! Let's have a Locarno of our own | " 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 9, 1926 

The Relation of Our Educational Policy to 

(Continued from Page lv) 

academies and junior colleges as recommended and so 
care for a large number of those 558 during their 
freshman and sophomore years. 

And surely a small denomination should not at- 
tempt to finance three or four more standard colleges 
in order to provide education for other young people. 
The figures indicate that to maintain eight standard 
colleges with an average enrollment of 500 nearly 
one half of these, or 221, must be secured from homes 
outside of the Church of the Brethren. Now most of 
these can easily secure a Christian education else- 
where; in fact, in many instances we shall doubtless 
simply compete with other Christian colleges in order 
to get them. Pursuing such a policy would seem very 
unwise especially in the light of the experience we 
have been having in both College and missionary defi- 
cits. Surely we 1 can ill afford to attempt such a pro- 
gram if by so doing we hinder the educational develop- 
ment of our foreign churches. And this is indeed the 
situation we are facing. 

Possibilities, too, are not always probabilities. Be- 
cause one church out of every eleven in the entire 
Brotherhood averaged $6.65 per member in missionary 
giving during the last fiscal year may not indicate 
that the other ten will ever reach this high average, and 
because one college has obtained a certain record in 
giving may not warrant us in counting on a like record 
for all. And in this comparative study one is com- 
pelled to note the unpleasant fact that the constituency 
supporting this college averaged last year only 1.95 
cents per member for missions ; whereas the church at 
large has given 280 per cent of the general per capita 
average of other denominations to the cause of educa- 
tion and 72 per cent to missions, this territory has 
given 360 per cent of the general per capita average to 
education and 60 per cent only to missions. If through 
intense campaigns and continued solicitations our other 
seven colleges could attain the standard of giving 
pointed to in this territory would this be the effect on 
our missionary enterprise? Could we hope that this 
would advance in similar proportions? Do we wish 
a symmetrical growth and development? If so, how 
much may we wisely undertake? 

The condition in the territory cited emphasizes the 
plea of these articles. The church at large now has 
a very unbalanced emphasis and we are in imminent 
danger of its becoming still more so. This is shown 
still further in the following table. 

In this table, column one is the amount received 
by the college for every ten thousand dollars of its 
wealth. (We regret not having been able from this 
distance to secure the full report of the commission. 
The figures have been determined from the net assets 
and wealth of the territory as published in the report 
to the Conference of the Commission.) Column two 
is the amount each college territory has given to mis- 
sions for each ten thousand of its wealth and col- 
umn three is the per capita giving to missions. In this 
each territory is considered as a unit, the total amount 
of its missionary offerings having been ascertained 
from the figures given in the Board's Annual Report, 
July Visitor, column four on page 272. The letter a 
indicates above the average, b indicates below. 

Amount Received Giving to Missions Per Capita 

for every Ten Per Ten Thousand Giving to 

Thousand Dollars Dollars of Wealth Missions 
of Wealth 

Juniata 185 a 7.46 b 1.95 b 

McPherson 171a 6.02 b 2.14 b 

Elizabethtown 158 a 9.45 a 2.82 a 

Bridgewater 133 b 7.05 b 1.32 b 

Blue Ridge 130 b 10.55 a 2.58 a 

Mt. Morris 124 b 9.58 a 3.31a 

La Verne 117 b 8.63 a 2.71a 

Manchester 95 b 9.01 a 2.62 a 

General Average 142 8.54 2.35 

First note in the above the two distinct groups with 
respect to educational giving. The first three have 
greatly exceeded the other five in the ratio of educa- 
tional giving. If the last five were considered together 
the general average in gifts to institutions would fall 
very much. Again note that with two exceptions an 
a of column one is followed by a b in columns two 

and three, and a b in column one is followed by an a 
in the others. The general fact disclosed is that those 
who are excessively high, above the average, in edu- 
cational gifts are below the average in missionary 
giving and those below the average in "gifts to educa- 
tion are above the average in missionary gifts. The 
two exceptions are Elizabethtown in liberality to both 
and Bridgewater in default. But it will be noted that 
Bridgewater shows up much better in column two 
than three. This District has by far the lowest per 
capita wealth of any in our Brotherhood. Noting 
again the general rule, consider especially the figures 
for the first two institutions. The figures in column 
one are exceedingly high, those in two and three ex- 
ceedingly low. Possibilities in two directions are here 
indicated. The chief message of the table in consider- 
ing the two distinct groups, and these two records in 
particular, is the danger to the church in drawing 
exceedingly heavily on her resources for one particular 
cause. The table points clearly to a definite relation 
between the 280 and the 72 per cent and confirms 
the statement of the preceding article that " the 
church's educational program in America cannot be 
determined without due consideration to her overseas 

Three colleges it will be noted are greatly below the 
average in missionary giving, while the other five are 
greatly above. The lowest average in the other five 
is $2.58 per capita or 23 cents above the average of 
the Brotherhood. The Bridgewater territory's low 
average is partly because of her very low per capita 
wealth and probably due also to local situations. What 
about the other two? Well, these territories have been 
making education par excellence " the great first work 
of the church." They stand at the head in this. 
Their constituencies have given liberally to standardize . 
their colleges. There is a strong indication, however, 
that if they had only had more help (that is, a larger 
constituency) the figures in the latter columns would 
be better. 

The highest good of the church, and what all of 
us desire, is the highest possible efficiency in both these 
fields of endeavor. This will mean the greatest good 
for the church and her mission. On the educational 
side there should be adequate colleges in number, 
with adequate assets; and on the missionary side lib- 
eral giving. What have we now in this respect? First, 
as a general average our colleges are equipped about 
seventy-five per cent as well as the average, and curi- 
ously enough our missionary giving is 72 per cent of 
the average. But can we discover in any college terri- 
tory a higher efficiency in both these fields of endeavor? 
Yes, we have one such territory as will appear in the 
following table. And with this higher efficiency than 
the average in both fields of endeavor it represents 
also very nearly perfectly, a balanced emphasis. And 
that is what we want, too. In the table column one is 
the net assets of the college in thousands of dollars, 
column two the percentage as compared with the 
median average of 860,000 of the colleges founded in 
1879, column three the percentage of giving to mis- 
sions as compared to the average of 3.25 for other 
denominations. Column four is the total marks ob- 
tained by each territory in the test : 

~° M 

Z C E H- 

Juniata 929 107J-5 60 167J4 

Manchester 765 88^ 83^ 172 

McPherson, 720 83K 65J4 149 

Elizabethtown 585 66yi 89 155^ 

Bridgewater .- 533 61^ 56^ 118 

Mt. Morris 485 56 101H 1S7!4 

La Verne 234 27 80J4 107^ 

Blue Ridge, 196 22'A 79'A 102 

The second territory in the list wins the " blue rib- 
bon " in this test. And on two counts. First in the 
totals of column four indicating her highest standing 
when the two fields are considered together ; and sec- 
ondly, on her balanced emphasis — to the two causes 
of activity. There is only five per cent difference in 
columns two and three. Note the great difference in 
columns two and three for the nearest competitor in 
totals. And a paradox is that this second territory 

wins the comparative efficiency test despite the fact 
that two or three others are more liberal in giving to 
both causes. (This territory can grow in giving.) The 
failure of those who have given more liberally in both 
to excel is, of course, due to their small constituencies. 
Their assets, with the liberality, have not approached 
what they should. 

Compare this table further with the preceding one. 
Note that this territory which excels stands at the 
foot of the list in the first table. In attaining second 
place in net assets and the best record for the two 
causes considered together, she has called forth from 
her constituency $47 less per ten thousand than the 
average and very little more than half of the one in 
the first rank, in net assets. In per capita donations she 
has also called for less than all and for 22 per cent 
less than the average. Here is great economy coupled 
with efficiency. And largely as a result of the whole 
situation her missionary gifts are 27 cents above the 
per capita average of the Brotherhood. 

The reasons for this efficiency coupled with a prop- 
erly proportioned emphasis are apparent at once. Of 
all our colleges this one has the nearest approach to 
a proper constituency for its support. Nearly one 
fourth of the Brotherhood lives in this territory ! Her 
constituency is almost equal to the combined number 
of the other two that lead in net assets. The con- 
dition indicates in the strongest possible way the bene- 
fits which a properly proportioned educational policy 
may bring to the church. In this territory one can look 
forward with confidence to a symmetrical growth and 
successful achievement in both fields of activity. 

In the light of the above considerations shall the 
church endeavor to standardize eight colleges? We 
trust not. The highest good of the church asks that 
our colleges get together. The report of the Commis- 
sion should find early acceptance. The commission 
" unanimously agreed " that " we have more senior 
colleges than the church needs and more than she can 
adequately support," and " that the best interests of the 
church would be served if the maximum number of 
senior colleges did not exceed four." If some of our 
colleges can combine with their neighbors into systems 
of schools the best interests of the church will surely 
result. There will result the " best interests " in the 
educational field itself. The economy effected is shown 
conclusivly in the two tables above. But with this 
economy there will be no loss in adequate and the best 
educational facilities for our young people. Rather, 
there will be gain here also, for one well equipped 
standard college is much better than two struggling 
ones. And the economy effected will release some of 
the church's resources for other needy, and now finan- 
cially crippled phases of her work. In this way the 
church can step forward into the ranks of those ful- 
filling a broad and world-wide service to a needy world. 
Ahwa, Dongs, India. 

God's Call to Mourning 


"Repent for the kingdom of heaven is at hand," is 
just as applicable today, as it was in the day John 
emerged from the wilderness, and uttered those mem- 
orable words. The King was there, and they rejected 
him, and the literal setting of the Kingdom became a 
future event ; but he said to those who followed : 
"The kingdom of heaven is within you." In other 
words, let the principles contained in the Sermon on 
the Mount, dominate your lives until "I keep my cove- 
nant with Israel." " After those days, saith the Lord, 
I will put my law in their inward parts, and write 
it in their hearts, and will be their God, and they 
shall be my people." 

God has dealt with the human family through the 
prophets. " Surely the Lord will do nothing, but he 
revealeth his secret unto his servants, the prophets." 
Then, if we would know God's plan, we must study 
prophecy. " Israel went backward, and not forward, " 
and when God sent his prophets to warn them of 
their iniquity, the people said " Come, let us devise 
devices against Jeremiah, . . . Let us smite him 
with the tongue, and let us not give heed to any, of his 
words." "O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, thou that killest 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 9, 1926 


the prophets and stonest them, which are sent unto 
thee ! " In that day did the Lord call to weeping and 
to mourning and to baldness, and to girding of sack- 
cloth for their wickedness; but instead, the prophet 
beheld, " joy and gladness, slaying oxen and killing 
sheep and drinking wine." They "said, "Let us eat 
and drink, for tomorrow we shall die." The Lord 
said: " Surely this iniquity shall not be purged from 
you till ye die." 

A prophetic message may be past, present or future ; 
usually it has a double or threefold meaning, as is 
found in the above mentioned event. They were eat- 
ing and drinking before the flood. They were eating 
and drinking before Israel's captivity. They will 
be eating and drinking at the coming of the Son of 
Man. Can anything be more plain? Is it possible 
we have failed to take the " light that shineth in a 
dark place " to find where we are in God's calendar 
by the signs of the times? The fig tree is budding, 
and all the trees shoot forth. Every nation on the 
earth bobs up with a word to say. " So likewise, when 
ye see these things come to pass, know ye that the 
kingdom of God is nigh at hand." "Jerusalem shall 
be trodden down until the times of the Gentiles be 
fulfilled." Listen to a paragraph from a booklet on 
Tlie Deliverance of Jerusalem: " On December 9, 
1917, General Allenby walked into Jerusalem, and 
the Turk walked out without the firing of a gun or 
the drawing of a sword ; there was not so much as a 
stone scratched, or an inch of soil destroyed. Are 
you a Jew, and having seen this happen upon the anni- 
versary of the Feast of Miracles, while every other 
war front was a devastated tangle of cities, barbed 
wire, and the graves of millions of slain, fail to know 
that the God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob wrought 
a miracle of deliverance on your behalf, as clearly 
as he did at the Red Sea?" God mercifully extends 
a day of grace known in the Scriptures as " The Time 
of the End." It is in such an end time that I believe 
the Gentile nations are now living." That which is 
happening in Russia, but indicates how rapidly na- 
tional bulwarks crumble when God withdraws his 
restraining hand. When God sent the prophet Jonah 
to a heathen city with a warning message, when it 
finally reached them, they repented and the city was 
spared a catastrophe. God is now, through the same 
agency, the prophets, sending out a warning and a 
call to mourning and repentance to a nation which is 
saying: "I am rich and increased with goods, and 
have need of nothing." 

" The glory of the young man is his strength." The 
strength of millions of our youth was spent in 
a recent war. Their glory was turned into shame. 
" The glory of woman is her hair." Today she is 
willfully casting off the glory God bestowed upon 
her, thereby turning her glory into shame, and un- 
consciously robbing herself of certain virtues, and 
power that should be hers through obedience to God. 

Another evil which is gaining rapidly is men- 
tioned in Deut. 22:5: "The woman shall not wear 
that which pertaineth unto a man, neither shall a man 
put on a woman's garment: for all that do so are 
abomination unto the Lord thy God." The judg- 
ment for the former evil, according to the Scrip- 
ture, is baldness. The latter nudeness. If we deem 
lightly the gifts God has so wisely provided for our 
use, he finally takes them away. 

Israel " hearkened . . . not nor inclined 
their ear," but walked in the counsels and in the 
imagination of their evil hearts, and turned their 
glory into shame. Therefore, thou shalt speak all 
these words unto them— but they will not hearken to 
thee — but thou shalt 1 say .unto them : " This is a nation 
that obeyeth- hot the- voice of the Lord, their God, 
nor receive^ correction;, truth is perished and is 
cut off from their mouth. Cut off thine hair, O Jeru- 
salem [virgin daughter of Zion] and take up a lamen- 
tation on high places, for the Lord hath rejected and 
forsaken. the generation of rus wrath " (Jer. 7: 28-29). 
Does this prophecy fit our day, and are the daughters 
pi America unwittingly assuming an attitude of 
mou rn i n g g n £ i arnen tation for God's judgment to 
follows—By '.their attitude are-there als.o those .who 
profess Christianity' wh'O are "unconsciously : separati-ng 

themselves from the Bride of Christ (Jude 19) thereby 
preparing themselves for mourning and the cry of 
weeping and wailing, when the Bridegroom comes, 
and the "door is shut" ? Surely a John the Baptist 
message is needed today : " Repent, for the kingdom 
of heaven is at hand." 
Des Moines. Iowa. 

What Is Wrong With Our Church? 


Is there anything wrong? 
• Has there been anyone who has complained about 
something being wrong — wrong with our church? 

I do not believe that I have ever heard of any just 
criticism about the doctrines of our church, but I have 
about some of the people that belong to it on the part 
of a good many people that do not belong to it, or to 
any other church; they, of course, being just plain 

But since the church, as we understand it, is made 
up of people, and the people are not what they ought 
to be, it is not likely that our church is what it ought 
to be; and, therefore, not what God would want it to 

In this case there may be something wrong with our 
church, and if there is we ought to try to get rid of the 
wrong in it, and get it right. 

And since the wrong is on the part of the people, 
then we, the people, the brothers and sisters, zue who 
profess to belong to our church, need to get right — 
right with God. 

Jesus the Good Shepherd has appointed under shep- 
herds over his sheep to watch over them, to care for 
them, to nurture them and train the little lambs of the 
flock, to lead them in the right paths, to teach them 
obedience and loyalty to their church and to their Lord. 

I believe that Jesus meant that his shepherds should 
be men of experience who have received their train- 
ing from him, the Master Shepherd. They should be 
men of mature minds, men who have been tested and 
tried in the hard school of life, men who have stood 
steadfast and true to God under great temptations and 
hard trials without flinching. They should be men 
with Christian courage and fortitude to withstand suc- 
cessfully the onslaught of the devil's hosts (the wild 
beasts) when he tries to get into the fold and scat- 
ter the flock. 

Jesus wants shepherds that are not afraid of men or 
devils, shepherds with the wisdom of the serpent and 
with their entire being filled with a compassionate love 
for the souls of men, willing to forget self, and give 
their life if need be, for the eternal welfare of the 
flock over which the Master Shepherd, the Christ him- 
self, has appointed them. 

When you look at Jesus and then take a look at our 
people ; when you study Jesus and then study our 
people; when you read the life and teachings of Jesus; 
and then read the life of our people, and the life and 
teaching of many of our shepherds, then you are driven 
to the conviction that there is something wrong with 
our church. 

, And since a flock will most usually follow its shep- 
herd, is it not clear that when you see the flock lost out 
among the weeds and briars and rocks of worldliness 
and unbelief, that the shepherd has either led them 
there or was asleep when the flock wandered away 
from the fold and from God? 

Watchmen, what of the night? 

Shepherds, where will you be when God finds you? 

C onnellsville , Pa. 

The Pastor's Challenge 

(Continued from Page 22) 

their absence in many of our Sunday-schools. Then, 
we need a constructive curriculum of study which has 
been definitely prepared with these goals in view and 
the individual needs of the child in mind. There may 
have been some excuse twenty or thirty years ago for 
certain types of neutral Sunday-school literature which 
would suit everybody and give but little inspiration to 
anybody,. but that day is, in the past. You can now get 
from- the Brethren- Publishing. -House at Elgin one of 

the best, if not the best course of study in existence, 
and certainly every Sunday-school in our Brotherhood 
should begin to use this at once. The third need is 
that of teachers who can really teach. We have come 
to a time when we simply must make a serious effort 
to place teachers in our Sunday-schools who are at least 
as efficient as those who teach in the public schools. 
We must have individuals who are experimentally ac- 
quainted with the principles of Jesus in terms of daily 
conduct and who can carry these principles of Jesus 
over into the daily conduct of their students. 

A third field of action for the Christian church is 
through our general school system. Some of the 
leaders of our country in the field of constructive 
thought declare that we are actually training the chil- 
dren of America to be irreligious. Two reasons are 
given : In the first place we constantly affirm that " you 
must go to school to fit yourself for a successful life " ; 
but we diligently exclude every thing from our curricu- 
lum of study that even suggests religion or morals. 
Then we are constantly employing certain teachers 
who scoff at the idea of religion, who by act and word 
teach against religion. It is easy to guess at the results 
in terms of conduct on the part of the child. Three 
lines of action are suggested to the Christian church 
as she thinks of the care of the child. Our first re- 
lief is to be found in our own church schools which 
offer a complete course of study and a Christian teach- 
ing force. The fact that so many of our people do not 
send their children to our own schools suggests 
that there needs to be some getting together some- 
where. Then there should be a growing tendency to 
carefully consider those who are to teach in our pub- 
lic schools The day should speedily come when no 
person would be thought to be eligible for teaching un- 
less a Christian, for that is the actual fact which the 
American people are beginning to appreciate. Cer- 
tainly we should use our influence to secure only those 
teachers who have a moral and religious foundation 
for the serious work which they are proposing to un- 
dertake. Again, the church should he wide awake to 
every opportunity for giving her children a religious 
training in connection with their public school training. 
The Week- Day program for religious instruction is 
growing very rapidly and should have the most com- 
plete cooperation possible from those who are inter- 
ested in the character of the conduct of the American 
citizen of tomorrow. Many of our high schools are 
offering a course of study in the Life of Christ which 
should be very helpful if a Christian is teaching it. 
There are many other lines of action which are open to 
the Christian church, but the immediate challenge which 
faces us as pastors is to get four square back of an in- 
telligent teaching program which shall be constantly in 
operation in the direct interest of Christian conduct as 
we prepare our children to face the strenuous experi- 
ences which shall be soon thrust upon them. 

Daleville, Va. 



In June, 1924, wife and I left school to spend the sum- 
mer in mission work at Fairchance, Pa. Our health was 
broken down from school work and we found the needs of 
the place so great, that we decided to accept the call to 
remain as pastors of the mission for a year. We left the 
work there the last of August, 1925, planning to spend the 
remainder of the year in evangelistic work, with some 
time to rest before reentering Bethany Bible School in 

With our trusty Ford we crossed the mountains into 
Southern Virginia, visiting relatives and mission churches 
on the way. We arrived at the home of my wife's uncle, 
Eld. A. N. Hylton, early Saturday morning, Sept. 12. 
That afternoon Bro. Hylton went with us to the Free- 
mont church in Carroll County, where we began a series 
of meetings. 

The Freemont church is a mission church in the Pleas- • 
ant Hill congregation. Here we found a small body of 
members, standing together for the cause of Christ. The 
people were hungry for the Gospel and the interest of 
the meetings grew rapidly. Bro. J. D. Sours assisted some 
in the meetings and led in the song service. The meet- 
ings continued just one week and closed with a com- 
(Continued on Page 30) 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 9, 1926 

lifted, which i 

Song Worship Inherent in Man 

. (Continued from Page 21) 

down through the history of the early church we 
hear the notes of psalmody coming, at the dark mid- 
night hour, from the gloomy old jail at Philippi. 
Paul and Silas, instead of giving vent to wailing and 
lamentations, gave expression to their feelings of joy 
in witnessing for their Master in prayer and song, 
making good use of this gift inherent in their lives,. 
During the first century, while the lives, work and 
influence of those who walked with the Master lasted, 
Christianity flourished. Later the Christian religion 
became diluted with Platonic philosophy, and weak- 
ened by controversy, politics and ecclesiasticism, which 
sapped it of its vitality, and the shadows of the six 
hundred years of darkness covered the world. But 
even during the " Dark Ages " the spirit of song sur- 
vived, being kept alive by the holy men who established 
and lived in the monasteries, which were schools of 
music and song. Quoting the words of Rev. Win. H. 
Parker: "Some of the precious, grand old hymns 
which were composed and sung in the cloisters, have 
come down to us venerable with age; and, while they 
express the pious thought of today and bear our wor- 
ship to heaven, they are also the echoes of the re- 
ligious life of far-off centuries." 

While for ages the singing was confined to the ec- 
clesiastics, when the interdiction was removed the com- 
mon people filled the churches and joined enthusiasti- 
cally in the worship and praise. For centuries the 
Scriptures had been locked up in a dead language and 
the singing in the church barred from the masses. 
With the translation of the Bible into the vernacular 
of the people and the introduction of congregational 
singing there came a great revival of the true religion 
of the Christ. The Bible and the hymn book have 
traveled tdgether and are destined to be life com- 
panions in the evangelization of the world. The talent 
of music and song, along with the truth as revealed p^pie 
in God's Word, being coresident in the soul of man, JJ^ 
have borne and survived the neglect, opposition and 
persecution encountered along the way, and remain 
a challenge to the hearts of men to use them to the 
glory of the bountiful Giver of all that is good. 

Elgin, III. 


i basket 
100 ate 
general thanks- 
lie sermon irc-m 
was lifted, which 

„ offering tor the Crumpaeker China 
lountcd to $15. Thanksgiving Day was a rn. 
his year. We had an all-day meeting, jvithi 
dinner lii the basement of the church at noon, 
dinner at the church. The morning service was • 
giving period of worship. The pastor delivered I 
Psa. 116: 1M, after which the missionary offering 

congregation opened up their hearts 
- thanksgiving for the bless- 
In the afternoon 
which was helpful 
enjoyed by all. Dec. 13 we held our 
th Eld.' S. G. Nickey, of McClave. 
decided to adopt the budget system 

his good 
ing effort! 

few well chosen words presented to 
rife a buffet, set of dishes and a pun 
i by the church and friends who 
of a pastor striving hard to rai 
of living in Virdi 



and uttered real heartfelt prol- 
ines which they had received from the rami, 
the children gave a special Welfare program 
and interesting. The day 
regular members' meeting 
Colo., presiding. 


the general over- 
started which we 
... .., th'e near future 
At this meeting the church 
new deacons and the call 
of Brethren Ja 



administered the 
:arly a year. On 

th the every 
ings. A finance committee of five 
sight of all church finances. A m< 
hope will lead to the erection of a 
Officers were elected for the new ye 
felt keenly the need of at least t 
was made, resulting in the chooi _ 
.„d Silvan Raker They, with their good 

at tta ™nij « vice. We very greatly appreciated the prophetic 
and timely message delivered by Eld. Niekey on the morning of 
Dec 13. Eld. Nickey, assisted by the pastor, 
anointing to one who has been paralyzed lor n 

Dec. 23 nearly 200 enjoyed the Chr.stmas program «™""S «' 

readings, recitations, exercises, special music and the PUt™ 

entitled "The Messiah Comes." After the program thecUSj. 

- each treated to a sack of candy, nuts and pop «".VJ^ =f" 

print we will have had our watch night 

(.n<-,. r ; n rr a short program, social fellowship 

cration service as the clock strikes 

formulating plans for a Junior C. 

of the junior boys are engaged in 

hours each week. All in all we feel 

that U the"vvork%e'; e "'i's progressing very nicely ; ind we have great 

reasons to be encouraged to go forward.-Mrs. Ella Engle, Colorado 

Springs, Colo., Dec. 28. 


union service was held at the 

lowing the pastor preached a 

, ,. xt, "Bless the Lord, O my soul 

Ind Set not all his benefits," after which an offering was hf ed 

for home and foreign missions. Dec. 1 the church met m busines 

session, with Eld. W. H. Shull in charge Church officers elected 

for the year were: elder, Bro. E. F. Caslow; trustee. Bro Wm 

TV.™-,-, president of Christian Workers (young peoples department), 

' ,dult, Sister Anna Gruber. All other 

-ccognizc tnc umaucr- 

: and maintain higher 
nunity as well as to 
ise the spirituality of the church. His daughter, Edith, who 
is in training in a hospital in Chicago, was remembered a so With 
a small purse After a few short talks on the spirit of giving 
and another reading and song by the octet, the benediction was 
given by J. H. Bruhaker, followed by hearty handsnak.— 
expressions of fellowship and goodwill. All departed 

.Christmas spirit which is reaching out ♦- " 

of the church and city.— Elma Brubaker, 

mcil Dec. 12, with Bro. Roy Stern 

.r elder, Bro. I. E. Weaver, could 

■e elected in October. We decided 

^rmeetin^Vometime in September, 1926. We were 

iro Merlin Miller, of ML Morris, with us recently 

mi the subject of Peace. This was fine and was 

The Sunday-school rendered a Christmas pro- 

"' White Gifts for the, King. 


III., Dec. 26. 


Creek church met 
presiding. Owing to bad 
not he with us. Our offic 
to hold a rn 
glad to havi 
to give a talk on 
greatly appreciated. 

gram the evening of Dec. 24, entitled, 
Each class did something for a worthy cause and quite 

took collections for the mission fields. The primary class 
Bethany workers to be used 


:rap books 

the Old Foil 
City, III., De! 


classes sent fruit 
at Mt. Morris, 



fore this appears i 
on New Year's Eve, teaturi 
hour, and testimony and coi 
the hour of twelve. We a 
W. Society- Already fourtct 


Center church met in council Dec. 10, 
.Biding. Three letters of membership Wt 
old officers were retained 
elected elder; Bro. Clydi 
committee and elder and 
for the next six months. 

Astoria.— Thank sgivi 

Sister Lulu Durgat 


Elkhart City i 

presiding. The 
Bro. Buckley, 

with Bro. J. O. Kcsler pre- 
re accepted. Nearly all the; 
.„. year. Bro. Kesler was re- 
Miller, clerk. Dec. 22 the ministerial 
inister met and arranged their program 
.,,,,; ,jee. 20 the Sunday-school gave a Christ- 
which each member of both the Sunday-school 
cd a Christmas treat. Our Sunday-school is 
tisfactorily, with Bro. John Haag, superintendent. 
;urke, Walkerton, Ind., Dec/ 27. 

ith Eld. Wm. Buckley 

progressing very 
—Mrs. Lucy M. 

church met in council Dec. 

church officers were elected fi 
elder; Sylva Kistler, clerk. AU 
report for the year shows t 
and twenty-two by letter. The averrjg. 
for the third quarter in 1924 
year, 275. Our Vacaf 


ng ye; 

enty received by baptism 

Sunday-school attendance 

190, "and for the same period this 

School held this summer had 


hool in 

year was 

held. The missionary 

Stuck, Elkhart, Ind., 


iciea were filled, 
for- the District Meeting of 1926. It was 
piano. Dec. 13 Prof. M. W. Emmert, of 

sage from Heb. 
funds. Brother and Sister 
Brother and Sister August 
holidays with home folks 
the morning of Dec 

ihurch decided to call 

i decided to use the 

Morris, delivered a 

few days soliciting 

C. I. Weber, of Vincennes, Ind., and 

Becker, of Chicago, are spending the 

Bro. Weber delivered a sermon on 

and Sister Weber told a story to the 

irth of Christ 



sermon on 
a large and 
for the Nea; 
good consid 

:ker gave 


nary message to 

nd Bro. Becker delivered a 

rayer. A program was given Christmas evening to 

ttentive audience. An offering was lifted at the close 

East Relief, The attendance at all services has been 

ing the weather. The Sunday-school is sending two 

the District Sunday-school Institute and the young 

department one to the Young People's Conference at 

, The Signal Light Class has lieen busy during the holiday 

sending gifts and bringing good cheer to the aged and 

shut-ins bv singing carols early Christmas morning. A union 

watch service will be held at the Christian church.— Hettie L. 

Gib'ble, Astoria, 111., Dec. 28. 

held Sunday, Nov. 

Lanark. — Our Thanksgiving 

. Forest 



ed for the General Mi 

for a number of years v 

basement of the church. 

lowship with each other i 

homes of the membership 

o£_ Chicago, 
Following thi 
ision Board. 
had our 1 
his affords 
a larger w 
It seemed t 


an offering was 
been the custom 

y than is pos 
specially oppor' 



i council Dec. 11, with our 

Calvary church met in council Dec. 11, with our new pastor, Bro. 
hS in' charge. He announced that instead of having our 
evangelistic meeting this fall, we arc to have a pre-Easter campaign. 
FIH T W Cline was reelected church trustee. The treasurer s 
report was' read and accepted. It was also decided to post the 
report in the vestibule of the church that all may have an op- 
portunity to read it. The budget for 1926 was accepted as follows: 
es, $4,000; for missions. $1,350. The missionary, temper- 
re committees will be appointed by the pastor. Sister 
president of the Sisters' Aid Society, gave 

nt expen 

gent, the 


jr the past 

After our 

;ral Mission 

optionally good report. Other church officers^ 
Bro. J. D. Clear; correspondent and "Messenger" 
superintendent of Christian Workers' Society, Bi 
Bible School superintendent gave a favorable report f. 
year but our standard will be much higher for 1926. 
Thanksgiving offering the church sent $150 to the Gem 
Board. An increase in numbers as well as interest is < 
at all our preaching services; also our prayer meetings hs 
than trebled in numbers. We extend an invitation to east 
pic who arc planning to spend the winter in Los Angele" 
and worship with us at Fifty-third and Denkei 
Wolfe, Los Angeles, Calif., Dec. 26. 

Lindsay.— The young people of the church, under the direction of 
Mr. I. L. Feightner, presented a Christmas pageant Dec. 23, en- 
titled, " When the Star Shpnc." Judging from the compliments 
received it was a great success. But it was not put over without 
a great deal of time and effort on the part of Mr. Feightner and 
the young people. The Ladies' Aid Society, Eld. Maust, the young 
people's adviser, and Wilbur Garman also did much to make the 
thing a success. Our pastor, Bro. M. S. Frantz, was in Wash- 
ington the past five weeks holding revival meetings at Sunnyside 
and Wenatchec. During his absence the pulpit was filled by Bro. 
Harrison Frantz. of La Verne; I. V. Funderburgh, of Fresno; I. 
L. Feightner and Eld. H. F. Maust. of Lindsay; and President 
Studebaker, of La Verne College. During the Sunday-school and 
Christian Workers' hours Dec. 20 Christmas programs were given 
by the classes from the beginners to the high intermediates.— 
Howard Frantz, Lindsay, Calif., Dec. 25. 


Irricana church met in council Dec. 12, 
presiding. Officers for the new year were ch 
Bro. Wm. Culp. Sunday-school superintendet 
church correspondent. We held our Harve 
Bro. J. Culp brought us a Thanksgiving sermon ir 
At noon a basket dinner was enjoyed by all. Bro. 
Bow Valley, preached an inspiring missionary s 
afternoon, after which an offering of nearly $39 w 
were glad to have the brethren from Bow Valley 
of the young people with us.— Clara Heins, Irricana, 
Dec. 21. 


Colorado Springs.— We were very much pleased with the clear cut 
missionary address brought to us Nov. 4, by Bro. Crumpaeker, 

from China. His message was an inspiration to all of those who 

at this 

preaching for 
only from Saturday evening till Sunday night. 
This social fellowship is a means of drawing us closer together in 
Christian love and most of our membership availed themselves 
of this opportunity. On Dec. 8 the Bihle Class Federation of Men 
of this community held a Father and Son banquet in our church 
basement. The banquet was served to over two hundred men and 
boys by the young women of the church. The children of the 
Sunday-school rendered a delightful Christmas program to a large 
audience Sunday evening, Dec. 20. Dec. 21 we held our regular 
business meeting. Bro. R. M. Livengood was reelected Sunday- 
school superintendent. Bro. Forest S. Eisenbise, who has been doing 
our preaching for the past three months, was chosen pastor for 
this church. He will continue doing the preaching for us until the 
close of his school year at Bethany in June, when he will move 
to Lanark and assume regular pastoral charge of the church. Bro. 
P. F. Eckerle was reelected elder for the coming year. Our 
church will join in a union Vacation Bible School the coming summer. 
Two were recently added to our church by letter. A number of 
our people are ill and unable -to attend services, but the interest 
and attendance at all our services are commendable. — Ada M. Eckerle, 
Lanark, 111., Dec. 28. 
Mt. Morris.— Since our Tast report Bro. F. H. Richards 

average attendance of 180. being twice i 
the Elkhart district. The amount raisec 
$2,833. Dec. 20 our Christmas exercises 
offering that day was $263.10.— Mrs. M. 
Dec. 28. 

Killbuck— A Christmas program dramatizing the 
was given Dec 23 at the Antioch house. Sister Ethel Neher had 
charge of the program. The quarterly council met Dec 26, at 
the Antioch house, with Bro. Ira Hiatt in charge. Brother and - 
Sister Neher were received by letter into fellowship. New officers 
were elected for the following months.— Chrystat Jackson, Muncic, 
Ind., Dec. 23. 

Pleasant View church enjoyed a White Gift service on Sunday 
evening Dec. 20. A fine program was given, about fifty children 
taking part. The service was largely attended and greatly cn t oyed 
by all. Following the program an offering was taken amounting 
to nearly $100, which will go to the General Mission Board.— 
Opal Metzger, North Manchester, Ind., Dec. 25. 

Union City congregation met in council Dec. 18, with Bro. Erbaugh 
presiding Officers were elected for the coming year. Bro. brbaugh 
was chosen elder, and Don Weimer, superintendent. Dec. 20 a 
White Gift service was held, each class bringing its contribution 
to the altar. The gifts were distributed to needy families by the 
young people. At night our Christmas program was given by the 
primary department and the young people. The church was crowded 
at both services.— Mrs. Ruth Ruff, Union City, Ind., Dec. 26. 

Wawaka church held her council Dec. V- Sunday-school officers 
were elected for the coming year, with Chester Pepple. super- 
iitendent; the writer, "Messenger" agent and correspondent. A 
letter was received for a brother and wife and some members o 
the family. The children gave a Christmas program, consisting of 
appropriate songs and recitations. One has been baptized since 
the last writing.-Hattie Weaver, Brimfield, Ind., Dec. 28. 

called council Dec. 22, with Eld. D. C. 
ioderator. The Sunday-school officers were elected 
with Forest Groff, superintendent. The writer was 
elected correspondent and Bro. E. P. Dunbar, " Messenger " agenf.' 
Our Sunday-school attendance is increasing.-J. R. Rettinger, Darling- 
ton, Ind., Dec. 24. IOWA 

Panora house in council Dec. 19, 
Various committee 

White church met 


Coon River church met at th 
with Bro. Chas. Rowe presiding 
were chosen for the coming y> 
some of our number who have i 
seeing any of our workers leav 
Sunday-school gave a Christmas 
The Panora school expects to g 
and Christian Workers' officers 
ready to begin work with the 
Panora. Iowa, Dec. 22. 

Monroe County church met 
H. Fouts presiding. The foil' 

ir. Four letters were granted to 

loved away. We very much regret 
as we need their help. The Yale 
program Sunday morning, Dec. 20. 

/e one Dec. 27. The Sunday-school 
and teachers are all elected and 

<ew year.— Mrs. Vinna E. Persons, 

the writer, 
). S. S. Scrogui 

sting talk on 

the good con- 
reived by baptism 

nspiration to the 
e chapel hour to 

held a two weeks' meeting. Thr 

fession during the meetings and two more * 
at the close of the meetings. Bro. Ricr 
structive and spiritual sermons which wci 
membership. He also spoke each morning 
the students who very greatly appreciated the instructive and 
educational messages he brought. During the fall our pastor, Bro. 
Wine, and his wife, entertained the young married people's class 
in a social at the church, which was enjoyed by all. Dec. 20 the 
adult members of the Sunday-school gave a Christmas pageant, 
" The Bethlehem Inn." at which time our white gift offering 
was made, each class deciding where its gift was to go. As a 
result we had gifts of clothing, fruit, groceries and money. On 
Monday the children gave a program which was enjoyed by many. 
At this time they received their annual Christmas treat. Recently 
a Teacher-training Class was organized which meets each Sunday 
morning under the capable leadership of Bro. W. O. Beckner. Our 
Sunday-school is showing an increased enrollment and our four 
Christian Workers' divisions which meet each Sunday evening are 
increasing in numbers and interest.— Anna L. Long, Mt. Morris, 111., 
Dec. 28. 


iollowed by 

vith Eld. Ellis Wagoner 
ascn: E. Wagoner, elder; 
t; Sister Mary Wagoner, 
st Meeting on the 13th. 

Shannon church met 
Delp presiding. Churc 



rmon in 


s taken. 


nd also 


Alta., Canada, 

business session Dec. 19, with Eld. C. E. 
nd Sunday-school officers were elected for 
. C. E. Delp, elder; Wm. Ficrheller, super- 
tendent and church correspondent. We observed missionary day 
with a program, also the fiftieth anniversary of the Shannon church. 
The Sunday-school rendered a Christmas progj 
ing of Dec. 20 which was enjoyed by all. 
the new song books.— Wm. Fierhcller, Shannon, 

Virdoh.— On the evening of Dec. 18 when prayer meeting tim. 
arrived the church was fast filling with not only members oir 
business men and people of the community. The pastor, Bro H 
B. Martin, not understanding the reason for such a mixed gather 
ing and so big a crowd, asked the elder to lead the 
immediately called on Bro. Martin to lead 


decided to use 
111., Dec. 22. 

leting. He 

, tsm ,,4 ,« app.^., M &&1S& t iffitsns-- «« »" - 

council Dec. 19, with Eld. D. 
ig officers were elected : Sister 
Henderson, S~unday-school superintendent; D. H. Fonts, elder 
:hurch clerk and correspondent. Nov. 
thany Bible School, gave us a very 
ife's Program." Nov. 24 our love feast was 
,,.. ,,,.. „, Fouts officiating. About thirty communed — 

,.j Henderson, Fredric, Iowa, Dec. 23. 
Ottumwa.^A Thanksgiving offering was taken for the General 
Mission Board of $10.60. Our Christmas program was given Sunday 
Dee. 20, including the "Shepherds' Vision" directed by the 
i wife, assisted by the Sunday-school classes. This was 
a White Gift service. All the classes made gifts 
for some needy persons. The church was crowded; people stood 
and many were turned away. Dec. 28 we expect Bro. ^Shively, of 
Mt MnrrU Collcee to give a stcrcopticon lecture on An fc.ven- 
to Wirt, h Ps .?'.'■ Dec. 21 « held our council, with ou, pastor 
Bro W H Brewer, presiding. Bro. David Sink was elected 
Sunday school superintendent; Sister Cora Harris president of the 
Christian Workers' Band; Sister Bessie Clark, "Messenger" agent; 
the writer correspondent. The pastor then read his report which 
was full of good ideas. The budget for the church was set for 
Sod which is $100 more than last year.-Lawrence Clark, Ottumwa. 
Iowa, Dec. 27. KANSAS 

rr^™u, church met in council Dec. 19, with Eld. A. C. Daggett 
, SSn« Officers were chosen for th. coming year. A. C. Daggett, 
P ,,nr.scnt elder was unanimously elected for the coming y.aj 
„„, present Ma ^ ^^ c)mch .^ Nov . B 

we enloycd a thanksgiving and praise service, and also > mes- 
Tage by our pastor. Oct. 3 at our council meeting Bro. Clark 
5S*'-. wife, were elected^ installed^ ^deacon suffice. 

h here and Bro. Robinson was granted license 
The writer was elected correspondent and 
. ......Gertrude Miller, Fredonia, Kans.. Dec. 22. 

Messenger , eC entlv concluded a $25,000 drive 
, P " ,r ' d J*c^r»™y y chur „ to bc r erec,ed y in "be town of Partridge 
for a new community cnu Cassady. of Huntingdon. Pa.. 
,"„" the^work H™ services were very much appreciated as h. 
^c^^\_grca,,o,W r vemen.i„.u, co 

Arthur Robin 
ited with our chi 
preach one yea 

the fact that many- souls responded 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 9, 1926 


to his great spiritual appeal. The church feels greatly strengthened 
in its effort to build and grow. It is hoped that ground can be 
broken the first of February. On the closing day of our campaign 
we had a great community and homecoming day. Several letters 
were read from former pastors and residents which were en- 
couraging. Bro. Cassady and I)ro. Kurtz both gave us very in- 
spiring messages.— C. A. Eshelman, Partridge, Kans., Dec. 22. 

Richland Center.— Brother and. Sister W. W. Blough came here 
Nov. 1 to serve as pastor for the year. Thanksgiving we had 
services at the church and a reception for Bro. Blough with dinner. 
In the afternoon there were several talks by the deacons and 
. a short program. Dec. 10 we had a community sale to raise 
rfloney for the church debt. Everything was donated and the Aid. 
furnished everything free. A chicken dinner was served, and the 
proceeds from the sale and dinner amounted to $600. A Christmas 
program was given Dec. 20, with recitations and singing by the 
children. The story of " The Littlest Son," was given by the chorus, 
with Bro. Blough as reader. This was much appreciated. Our 
church is taking on new life and with Brother and Sister Blough 
as leaders we are expecting big things.— Lizzie Dellenbach, Beattic, 
Kans., Dec. 23. 

Meadow Branch church met in council Dec, 10 in the Westminster 
house, with Eld. Wm. E. Roop presiding. A number of regular 
committees made favorable reports. Bro. Herbert Petry was selected 
as. " Messenger " agent in place of Bro. J. W. Thomas, resigned. 
Our next_series of meetings is expected to be held in the Meadow 
Branch house, beginning Aug. IS, with Bro. A. C. Baughcr in 
charge. The time set for the next love feast is May IS, beginning 
at 2: 30 P. M. The male chorus from York, Pa., sang in our 
Westminster house Dec. 13. At the same time Bro. J. Elmer Leas 
delivered a splendid sermon to a full house. The Christian Workers' 
Society assisted the Westminster Sunday-school in rendering a good 
program in the evening of Dec. 20, after which the primary children 
received a Christmas treat.— Wm. E. Roop, Westminster, Md., 



in council Dec. 

Shoal Creek church met in council Dec. 19, with .Eld. J. H. Arga- 
bright presiding. The following officers were elected for one year: 
Elder, Ira Witmorq; J. H. Argabright, assistant elder; Evan Arga- 
hright, church clerk; the writer, correspondent and " Messenger " 
agent; Bro. Harve Harter, Sunday-school superintendent. We were 
glad to have Bro. Geo. Hallett, of Springdale, Ark., preach two 
sermons for us Dec. 13.— Ova Erisman, Fairview, Mo., Dec. 23. 


Ray.— The church met in council, with Eld. W. W. Keltner pre- 
siding. Three letters were granted. We elected new officers for 
the coming year: Bro. W. W. Keltner, elder; church clerk, Bro. 
Alfred Hartsock; " Messenger " agent and church correspondent, 
Sister S. C. Herman; trustees. Brethren Early and Lee ^Stutsman; 
Sunday-school superintendent, the writer. Members were also chosen 
on the finance committee. We have but few workers, but we hope 
and pray that the church mav grow this next year.— Mrs. S. C. 
Herman, Ray, N. Dak., Dec. 23. 


Brookville church met in council Dec. 2, with Eld. J. W. Fidler 
presiding. Bro. Glenn Moyer opened the meeting. The officers 
for the coming year were elected, with Bro. Vern Dull, Sunday- 
school superintendent. Our series of meetings will begin Jan. 24, 
with Bro. Rufus Bucher. of Pennsylvania, evangelist. Sister Cora 
Stahly will be with us some time in January in a singing school. 
Pur elder, Bro. J. W. Fidler, is now holding revival meetings 
in the Pleasant Valley church.— Mrs. Arthur Hay, Brookville, Ohio, 
Dec. 21. 

Brookville.— The yearly report of the Mather's Society of the 
Brookville church is as follows: During the year twelve meet- 
ings were held with a good program rendered at each meeting. 
The society held one market with proceeds equaling $19.42. In July 
the society enjoyed a picnic in which all the daughters shared. 
A good program was rendered. During the year the society was 
privileged to listen to a number of splendid talks given by mothers 
of our own organization and speakers from other places. We also 
held a missionary meeting, with Sister Ida Shumaker as the 
speaker. The offering from the meeting amounted to $24.36 which 
was given over to the General Mission Board. We also rendered 
a special program at Thanksgiving and Christmas. During the year 
quite a bit of charity work was done. The donations consisted of 
Iruit, flowers, books, clothing, sheets and blankets. Our total 
yearly offering was $78.47. Our average attendance was thirty - 
eight. Election of officers was held at our last meeting, and the 
following were chosen: President, Opal Hay; Vice-President. Ollie 
Fidler; Secretary-Treasurer, Ruth E. Runs; Assistant, Ada Klep- 
inger. As mothers we feel our organization is filling a real need, 
and through it many mothers are receiving practical help in 
meeting the problems of the home.— Ruth E. Kuns, Brookville, Ohio, 
Dec. 26. 

Canton City church is now closing a very interesting and profitable 
year. Recently a pleasant day was enjoyed when Bro. A. Brown 
Miller, of Cleveland, and Bro. Medford Neher, of Akron, conducted 
an all-day meeting in the interest of the Rally-Institute. The base- 
ment of the church has been repaired and finished at a cost of 
$1.000.. The Sisters' Aid Society has given a large amount toward 
this. The love feast Dec. 16 was the largest in attendance in 
the history of the church. A young people's department has heen 
organized and has interesting meetings. The prayer meeting is 
growing in attendance; also the Sunday evening service. Two 
Christmas programs were given, one by the primary department and 
one by the young people. On the evening of Dec. 15 a members' 
meeting was held and $3,500 was .raised to free the church from 
debt. Eighteen have been baptized, seven recently. Our pastor 
held a revival in the New Philadelphia church resulting in sixteen 
conversions. We feel that the Christmas message of " Peace, on 
earth, good will to men," has been emphasized in our church 
more this year than for several years. Some of our members are 
working in the interest of establishing a mission fn the northeast 
end of the city, where there are about 400 children that do not go 
to Sunday-school or church.— Mrs. M. B. Wade. Canton, Ohio, Dec. 26. 

Donnela Creek church met in council Dec. 5, with Bro. Cyrus 
Funderburg presiding. Bro. S. Z. Smith was also present. The 
Sunday-school superintendent elected for the coming year is Bro. 
Geo. Gctz. Bro. S. Z. Smith and wife, of Springfield, Ohio, assisted 
us in a revival, beginning Nov. 29 and closing Dec. 13. Bro. Smith 
preached seventeen sermons. The music was well directed by 
Sisters Edna Funderburg and Marie Barnhart. Special numbers of 
song were given at various times which added interest. Eleven 
young people accepted Christ. The church has been greatly 
strengthened.— Ruth Dresher, Springfield, Ohio, Dec. 26. 

Eagle Creek church met in council Dec. 24, with Bro. J. J. Angle- 
myer in charge. Officers were elected for the coming year as fol- 
lows: Bro. J. J. Anglemyer, elder and pastor; Bro. Truman Donald- 
son, Sunday-school superintendent; Sister Bertha Sampson, presi- 
dent of the Ladies' Aid Society; Sister Orvil Snyder, "Messenger" 
agent, Last Monday evening closed our two weeks' series of meet- 
ings conducted hy Bro. D. R. McFadden. of Smithville, Ohio. He 
Preached some of the good old time Gospel sermons which were 
appreciated by all, and we feel much encouraged to do better 
service for the Master. Bro. McFadden with Bro. Anglemyer 
did much personal work. One special feature of our meetings 
w as the singing which was conducted by our home leader. Sister 
Sarah Freed, with special numbers by home talent. We were 
favored by several selections from the Big Lick quartet one even- 
ing. As a result of our meetings eleven were received into the 
church by baptism. It was requested at the beginning of the 
year by the teacher of the Beginners' Class that they do what 
they could for missions. As a result they have raised $29.50. which 
was sent to the Dahanu Hospital.-Mary Rodabaugh, WiUiamstown, 
Ohio, Dec. 26, 

Georgetown congregation held a members' meeting Dec. 5, with 
Bro. Sylvan Book waiter presiding. Visiting ministers present were 
Brethren Granvil Minnich and Newton Binkley. Officers for the 
year were elected, with Bro. Bookwalter, elder; Bro. Harry Dclk, 
Sunday-school superintendent and church clerk; Bro. Lester Hcisey, 
member of the ministerial board; the writer, church correspondent.— 
Velma Hcisey, Laura, Ohio, Dec. 21. 

Green Spring church held its regular council Dec. 7. with Eld- 
Wilbur Stover in charge. We decided to hold the Young People's 
Conference here next year. Sunday-school superintendent is Russell 
Zimmerman and Christian Workers' president, Caroline Eberlcy. On 
Sunday evening, Dec. 13, the young people of the Fostoria church 
gave a very interesting program including the " Challenge of the 
Cross."— Mrs. Elias Ebcrly, Old Fort. Ohio, Dec. 17. 

Marion.— On Nov, 15 our revival began, conducted by our pastor, 
Bro. Ralph R. Hatton, and closed on Nov. 29. The attendance 
and interest throughout the entire meeting were excellent. The first 
week of the meetings was a week of simultaneous meetings through- 
out the whole city and county. Each church was having meet- 
ings conducted by its own pastor. As a preparation for this, 
a census was made of the entire city and county on Sunday after- 
noon. This was a great help to the meetings as it gave each pastor 
much information. As a result of our meetings, fifteen stood for 
Christ; ten have been baptized and one received on former baptism. 
On Dec. 8 we met in" regular council, with David Byerly, our 
elder, presiding. Various reports for the year were read and 
approved. The election of church and Sunday -school officers was 
held. A new plan of nominating- at least two for each office 
was used this year and worked excellently. Our Sunday -school 
superintendent is Bro. E. A. Snider. Bro. Byerly was unanimously 
reelected elder for another year: This is his third year. The 
church budget for the year 1926 was presented by the finance 
board and accepted. It was decided to continue the little weekly 
bulletin called "The Pastor's Helper" which is edited hy the pastor, 
for the year. The Sunday-school and Christian Workers' Society 
to bear the expenses of it. The Christmas program given by the 
Sunday-school was rendered on Sunday morning, Dec. 20, to a full 
house. It was an excellent program. Afterward the Sunday-school 
was given a treat of candy and oranges. In the evening nnothcr 
Christmas program was given, the young people furnishing read- 
ings and music and pageants', the pastor preaching a special Christmas 
sermon on the subject, " Keeping Christ in Christmas." On Sun- 
day evening, Dec. 27, the annual candle light service was con- 
ducted. This service is held on the last Sunday night of every 
year. The church was lighted by ninety candles. A program of 
piano solos, vocal solos, duets, etc., was given. The pastor preached 
a special New Year's sermon on the subject, " Opening a New 
Road." Jan. 3 we will have our installation of Sunday -school 
officers and teachers. The pastor for the next three months is 
arranging special services for the Sunday evenings. Such sermon 
subjects as " The Devil's Chain Gang," " Why I Am Not a Member 
of Any Secret Order," " Why Jones Does Not Go to Church," etc., 
wilt be used. On Jan. 31 we will have a special missionary program, 
and on March 14 a welfare program. During the month of February 
the pastor will preach a series of sermons on the "Christian Home." 
On Feb. 14 he will give an illustrated address on " Home, Sweet 
Home,' 1 then follow with " The Head of the Home— Father," " The 
Home Maker— Mother," " The Life of the Home— the Children." 
The pastor will attend the Pastors' School at Bethany. Chicago, 
from Feb. l-7.-Mrs. Ralph R.' Hatton, Marion. Ohio, Dec. 28. 

Middletown church enjoyed a two weeks' meeting, held by Roy 
Teach, of Huntington. Iud. Five were baptized as n direct result 
of this meeting. The church was much strengthened by the in- 
spirational messages given by Bro. Teach. On Thanksgiving even- 
ing our love feast was held, with Bro. Hawke officiating. Our 
deacon brethren gave a very encouraging report of the annual 
visit. On Dec. 11 our quarterly council was held, with Bro. J. 
Howard Eidemillei, our elder, in charge. The Sunday-school and 
church officers were elected at this meeting. Bro. John Williams 
was elected superintendent of the Sunday-school.— Mrs. William Wray, 
Middletown, Ohio, Dec. 18. 

New Philadelphia.— Our council was held Dec. 16, with Eld. Edw. 
Shepfer presiding. Church officers for the. coming year were elected. 
The writer was chosen as "Messenger" agent and correspondent. 
It was decided to have a Bible Institute sometime during the com- 
ing year if an instructor could be secured. We have also planned to 
have song practice weekly. On Sunday evening. Dec. 20, our Christ- 
mas program was rendered. It consisted of songs, recitations, etc., 
and was well received. We had a White Gift service in con- 
nection with the program and there was a. good response. We 
have a wide-awake Y. P. Department, under the supervision of 
Sister Ruth Shriver. We look forward to a very prosperous year 
for 1926-Mrs. Oliver Roycr, New Philadelphia, Ohio. Dec. 21. 

Poplar Grove church met in members' meeting Dec. 1. The 
meeting was opened by Bro. Eley, after which Eld. Sharp took up 
the business. The church decided to liave electric lights installed 
in the near future. Officers were elected with Hugh Onkat super- 
intendent. Members were chosen on the ministerial and mission- 
ary committees. Since our last report it has been our privilege 
to have a lecture on World Peace by Bro. J. M. Henry, of Blue 
Ridge College. I am sure all present were inspired hy his wonder- 
fill message. Our church is planning for a Christmas program to 
be given on the evening of Dec. 27. Nov. 22 the young people 
of Washington Township gave a very interesting program at our 
church.— Blanche Wagner, Greenville. Ohio, Dec. 21. » 

West Charleston.— Wc have been privileged to enjoy an interest- 
ing season of worship, conducted by our pastor, Bro, Ray Shank. 
Special sermons were preached prior to the meetings, one for the 
older people and one to the young. Much personal work was done 
and many homes were visited by our pastor. The interest was 
good throughout the meetings. As a result eight were baptized. r 
Goldie Hoy, Tippecanoe City, Ohio, Dec. 16. 

West Milfcm church met in council Dec. 17. Our elder, S. A. 
Blessing, being absent, Eld. G. W. Minnich presided. At this meet- 
ing Sunday-school and church officers were elected for the coming 
year Bro. B. F. Studebaker. who had formerly been called to the 
deacon's office, was installed. Bro. Sylvan Bookwalter and Bro. 
Wm. Minnich, of the Salem congregation, assisted in this service.— 
Evelyn Frcy, West Milton, Ohio, Dec. 21. 

Big Creek church met in council Dec. 17, with Eld. W. R. Arga- 
bright presiding. The church unanimously decided to rcta.n him 
as pastor and elder for another year. Officers were elected as fol- 
lows: Sunday-school superintendent, Oliver Fillmore; Christian Work- 
ers' president, John Smith; "Messenger" agent, Erma Argabright; 
correspondent, the writer. A goodly number meet each Wednesday 
evening to study " Doctrine and Devotion," with Bro. Argabright, 
teacher. Dec. 15 the Live Wire Class gave some music and a 
play entitled. "The Missionary Awakening of Elm Grove," at a 
near-by schoolhouse. They charged a small admittance fee and 
turned the proceeds over to the church building fund. A large 
audience witnessed a splendid program rendered at the church 
Christmas eve. Altogether we feel that the past year's work has 
been very profitable.-Beulah Fern Kinzie. Ripley, Okla., Dec. 26. 


Portland church met in 
Dyke presiding. He was r 
gation. A number o( olhei 

school were cared for. El 

>uncil Dec. 19, with Eld. S. P. 
lected elder of the Portland congr 
acancics in both church and Sun> 
H. Shank, of Fruitland. Idaho, 
remained over Sunday. He deliv 
two stirring messages and we greatly appreciate his help and 
earnestness in the Lord's work. On Sunday morning of the 6 
day the Sunday-school rendered a short Christmas program. 
service of giving and helping others was emphasized at this 
and the members of our Junior department made a liberal o 
ing to the Armenian sufferers.— Grace W. Hewitt, Portland, ( 
Dec, 21. 

Bethany— Our revival services held by our pastor, Bro. S. G. 
Greyer, closed on Sunday evening, Nov. 29, with splendid results. 
What a wonderful sight it was to see at that last service a whole 
family, led by the father, accept Jesus Christ! Ten have been 
baptized and nine await the rite. On Thanksgiving night we held 
our, love feast and communion service with a large attendance. We 
greatly appreciated the presence of Brethren Ross Murphy and 
Bricker, of the First church, and Bro. Garman, from the LTpper 
Dublin church. Sunday morning, Dec. 13. Bro. Thos. Kirkman. 
one of our deacons, filled the pulpit, and the evening service was 
taken care of by Mr. Wallace, from the Near East Relief. Dec. 20 
Bro. Miles Murphy preached for us. He gave us a splendid Christ- 
inas sermon in the morning and in the evening spoke on " The 
City of Rome." We afe always glad to have Bro. Murphy with 
us. We have had the happy privilege of listening lo some- very 
inspiring messages from him quite often.— Mrs. L. V. Bartolett, 
Philadelphia. Pa., Dec. 21. 

Cocalico.— The scries of meetings at Cocalico conducted by Eld. 
E. M. Weugcr, closed Dec. 6. Regular fall council was held at the 
Mohler house Dec. 14. with Eld. I. W. Taylor in charge. The 
election of officers resulted as follows: Sunday-school superintendent, 
Bro. R. P. Royer; Christian Workers' president. A. S. Hcisey; Aid 
Society president, Sister Alice Helncy. Members were also chosen 
on the temperance and missionary committees.— John L. Myer, 
Stevens, Pa., Dec. 15. 

East Petersburg church met in council at the Salunga house 
Dec. 9, with Eld. M. G. Forney presiding. Bro. Forney's term of 
eldership expired at the close of 1925. Brethren I. M. Musscr and 
Linn Lougcnecker were invited in to elect our elder for the next 
three years. The church was so well pleased with Bro. Forney's 
work and watchful care that he was reelected as our church leader 
again for the coming three years.— S. Clyde Weaver. East Peters- 
burg, Pa., Dec. 21. 

Glade Run.— At this, another Christmas season, we have many 
things [or which to be thankful. When we see so many others 
that are deprived of the blessings with which We arc favored, wc 
cannot help but think that God has been instrumental in wondrous- 
ly blessing us. During our Christmas service a purse from the 
congregation containing a very handsome sum of money was 
presented to the writer, the pastor, lor the family's use as a 
Christmas present and appreciation for our services here. We 
cannot help but express our thanks and appreciation to- these 
dear brethren and sisters who have brought such cheer into our 
home this season. Surely if anything will make a pastor go into 
the work whole-heartedly and in earnest it is when he feels that 
his efforts are worth while and appreciated. Our work here is 
moving along nicely for which we arc thankful.— J. Lloyd Nedrow, 
Kittnnning, Pa., Dec. 26. 

Lelmnon.-The church lien- lm« just closed an eighteen day evan- 
gelistic meeting, conducted hy EI<1. Michael KnrU, of Richland, Pa. 
He preached the Word with power and labored earnestly for the*' 
salvation of souls, We appreciate the helpful messages brought us. 
Five young hoys decided lo unite with the church. A few weeks 
ago the son ol our elder decided for Christ. Our Thanksgiving 
Hervice was conducted by Bro. Yoder, of Lancaster. There was 
a fair attendance. An offering of $66.66 was lifted and sent to 
the General Mission Board. The Lebanon Sunday -school held the 
customary service Dec. 25. The beginners and primaries proved 
themselves interesting indeed, with their recitations. The class 
composed mainly of high school girls deserve credit lor the i 
cellcnt rendition of a dialog, " Spirit of Christmas," Dec, 26 our 
regular council was held in the Lebanon churchllOUSC, with Eld. 
Nathan Martin presiding. Four certificates were granted. Wc will 
In the near future hear a speaker on the conditions m the Near 
East. The church decided for various reasonss to merge the mis- 
sionary and temperance committees with the Religious Education 
Committee. Our assessment of the church is $3 per $1,000 and $1 
per member. Names for church and Sunday-school officers were 
then presented and approved; Midway Sunday- school superintendents, 
Bro. Mark Keller and S, K. Wengcr; Lebanon superintendents, Paul 
Breidenstoin and Fred Nichols; Christian Workers' president, Fred 
Nichols; church clerk, Bro. S. K. Wenger; " Messenger " cor- 
respondents, Elizabeth Noll and Martha /.. Lckcrt; " Messenger " 
agent, Nora Edris. The Student Volunteers of Elizabeth town 
College having offered their services will undoubtedly be with us 
before many more weeks,— Martha '/,, Eckert, Lebanon, Pa., Dec. 28. 
Little Swntara church enjoyed a spiritual reviving recently. Bro. 
Wm. Zobler. of Petersburg, 1'u., was with us from Nov. 22 to 
Dec. 6. He preached eighteen powerful, uplifting sermons. He 
also gave two social purity talks, one to the young women and 
another to the young men, both being very beneficial. Sixteen 
accepted Christ; fifteen were blip tiled and one will be later. We 
also had the pleasure ol having with us Brethren Henry Obcr 
and Ralph Schlosscr, of Elizabethtown. who conducted a Bible 
Institute Dec. 12 and 13 at the Zcigler house. The church derived 
an abundance of Bible knowledge through these efforts. We met 
in council Dec. 19. with Eld. Ira D. Gibble presiding. The officers 
of the four Sunday-schools were appointed and a temperance com- 
mittee was elected. Afterward the fifteen applicants were received 
into the church.— Mrs, Paul H. Roycr, Frystown, Pa.. Dec. 26. 

Mt. Plea»ont.-Dec. 6 will long he remembered by this congregation, 
since on that day wc moved into our new church. As yet we 
are having services in the basement. Dec. 13 we had our love 
feast. Bro. Rhodes officiated, assisted by our home minister, Bro. 
A. J. Bcegllly. fn the afternoon Bro, Rhodes delivered an inspir- 
ing dedicatory address to a large audience, Dec. 20 wc elected our 
Sunday-school officers, Dec. 27 we will have our Christmas pro- 
gram. Bro. Henry wits with us in November and held a very 
inspirational service. His illustrated lecture was very impressive. 
Our young people are going out to sing carols on Christmas morn- 
ing. The Sisters' Aid Society baa done more this year than for 
many years. Their number has increased and everyone seems 
Interested. A Teacher- training Class of twenty -three has been 
organized, with Bro, W. S. Neiderhiser as teachcr.-Ruth Strohm. 
Mt. Pleasant, Pa., Dec. 21. 

Norristown.— Sunday, Dec. 20. we held Sunday-school and church 
(or the first time since October, when wc started to remodel the 
church The main church is now completed but the basement 
has not been finished. Every one was glad when they received 
a card from our superintendent on Friday telling us that we would 
have services on Sunday. Mr. O. R. Garner, of Berwyn, taught 
the lesson to the whole school. In the evening we had a short 
Christmas program. The feature of the evening was a Christmas 
tree which everyone helped to trim with dollar bills. Two hundred 
and eighteen greenbacks were received. This money will be used 
to pay for a part of the remodeling. Council meeting was held 
on Wednesday evening and the officers for 1926 were elected.-Edgar 
H. Grater, Norristown. Pa.. Dec. 25. 

Palmyra— Our regular business meeting was held Dec. 3. with Eld. J. 
H. Longenccker presiding. Five letters were granted. On the 
ZOth our Christmas program was rendered to a full house.— iaran 
G. Shelly, Palmyra, Pa.. Dec. 26. 

Riddlesburg.-At our quarterly council, with Eld. H. H. Brum- 
baugh presiding, we elected officers for 1926. with Bro. H. H. Brum- 
baugh Sunday-school superintendent. Church officers are elder, 
H H Brumbaugh; pastor, L. R. Holsinger; corresponding secre- 
tary, the writer. Our pastor is to begin evangelistic meetings 
Jan.' 3— J. N. Cogan, Riddlesburg, Pa., Dec. 28. 

Plea.ant Valley.-Dec. 20 was a full day for our church. Sunday- 
school convened at 9:30 A. M. At 11 o'clock Bro. John Hdbert 
of New Hope, gave a very interesting discourse on the ongm of 
Christmas Instead of taking a text and preaching from it, ne 
preached to it. Beginning with the creation of man and the 
transgression in the garden of Eden he finished with the advent 
(Continued on Page 32) 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 9, 1926 


(Continued from Page 27) 

munion. In the afternoon before the communion seven 
young people promised to dedicate their lives to the Mas- 
ter's service and were baptized. The next morning I 
preached in the Bethesda church, another mission point m 
the same congregation. • 

On the evening of Sept. 20 we began ,n the Laurel 
Branch church near Floyd, Va. Here we continued for 
two weeks, and as a result nine precious souls were bap- 
tized and three reclaimed. 

We had the privilege of attending the communion in the 
Topeka church Oct. 3. This church has been the center of 
a strong Brethren settlement for generations. Many of 
the surrounding congregations are the result of mission 
appointments filled by Brethren ministers of another gen- 
eration who endured more hardships and made great- 
er sacrifices to spread the Gospel than many are willing 
to do today. They did it because they loved their Mas- 
ter and he has blessed their work. It was interesting to 
see the hundreds gather for the old-time love feast oc- 
casion. All available space was filled in the house and 
many were on the outside of the church. About 250 

C °ThTeommunion in the Pleasant Hill church was just 
one week later, Oct. 10. This was another splendid 
meeting. We preached to a crowded house the following 
morning and then gave good-bye to many friends we had 
made in Virginia. The next week our home was our 
Ford which was taking us rapidly westward. 

Oct 18 we began in the Liberty church in Illinois, con- 
tinuing two weeks. Bro. Perry R. Hoover is pastor 
there Most of the people in this community are mem- 
bers of some church. A group of faithful members met 
each evening in the parsonage, in special prayer for the 
meetings. God heard their prayers and on Sunday be- 
fore the communion six Sunday-school girls accepted 
Christ and were baptized. 

After a few more days of travel and rest we began 
another meeting in the Peace Valley church, Missouri, 
Nov 7 Here there were many discouraging things ex- 
isting but the little band of members are standing loyally 
together for Gospel principles, firmly convinced that 
right will eventually win. A special prayer meeting was 
conducted each evening in the kitchen of the church. Two 
were baptized as a result of the meetings. Others were 
near the Kingdom. Some desired to accept Christ but 
■were hindered by relatives. , 

Nov 24-29 was spent at Brandsville, Mo., a mission 
point in the Peace Valley church. This is a new place 
for the Brethren's doctrine. Many a.e eager to learn, 
and we trust that the seed sown by sermon and tract will 
some day produce much fruit. 

While visiting at my wife's home we were urged to 

preach a few nights at the Park schoolhouse near by. 

This is in the Fairview congregation -but so far from the 

church that a number in the community seldom attend. 

We preached eight sermons here beginning December 6. 

One mother attended who had not heard a sermon for 

eight years. _ 

There is certainly much to be done in the great har- 

. vest field of the world, not only in the foreign lands but 

also here in the homeland. Some places the grain is ripe 

unto harvest, while at other places the Gospel seed has 

not yet been sown. It is time that every professed 

Christian should awake and do his utmost for the Master, 

trusting him to bless the work and reward the laborer. 

Chicago, 111. Lester E. Fike. 

■ • ■ 


From well filled baskets both dinner and supper were 
served to over 250. The main speaker of the day was 
Bro. O. R. Myers, of Juniata College. We also enjoyed 
the cooperation of the Leamersville and Carson Valley 
churches which made the good programs possible The 
total attendance throughout the day went over the 600 
mark. An appreciated offering was lifted for our new 
parsonage to which we are still looking forward. 

Dec 11 one of our members, Bro. James A. Sell, was 
highly honored at the Juniata College Bible Institute. It 
was a celebration in honor of his sixtieth year in the 
ministry Dr. M. G. Brumbaugh's sympathetic, appealing 
and honorary address on "The City that R^ine.h 
was reproduced by the pastor's wife m our church the 
following Sunday as another token of our appreciation 
of Bro. Sell's faithful service. 

Dec 13 in the afternoon the Hollidaysburg church, 
under the leadership of their pastor, broadcasted an en, 
tire service over the Gable "Tribune" station m Altoona. 
Dec. 4 our church met in council and the following 
officers were elected: Church clerk, Bro. Geo R. Stiffler 
corresponding secretary, Mrs.. Alice D. Sell; ••Messenger 
agent and missionary secretary, Mrs. Elinas Brubaker 
trustee, A. F. Nelson ; Sunday-school superintendent Bro. 
C. C. Shiffler; superintendent of the Christian Workers 
Society (adult), Mrs. Alice Sell. _ 

Great preparation is being made for our three weeks 
evangelistic meetings beginning Jan. 3, Brother and 
Sister Oliver A. Austin, evangelists. Cottage prayer meet- 
ings are being held in. various sections of the town during 
the week. At noon every day each member stops for one 
minute and breathes a prayer for the success of this 
revival. W. C. Sell. 

Hollidaysburg, Pa. 

places and that we received a much-needed view of our 

Father and of ourselves. 

Then we had two hours of special prayer conducted: 
first, by Sister Woods; and second, by Bro. Hollenberg 

Thursday afternoon we took a survey of our evangel- 
istic field. This was conducted, by Bro. Blough. To my 
mind the most outstanding point in this survey was that 
in every district the people are open-minded toward the 
Gospel. What a challenge this presents to us 1 And what 
a difference from a few years ago when we were hated 
and feared; when everything the mission did was looked 
upon with suspicion and distrust. Pray with us that we 
may be made able to make the most of these opportunities. 
Friday there was a round table discussion of our 
Boarding schools also conducted by Bro. Blough. We had 
several practical and pertinent questions pertaining to 
our work. More and more we are emphasizing educa- 
tion and its importance, and more especially, religious 
education. It seems hardly worth our while to educate 
our boys and girls unless with this we can give to them an 
adequate conception of God and salvation. In this, too, we 
crave your prayers. J. E. Wagoner. 
Bulsar, India. 



Eld Peter S. Lehman was born Nov. 23, 1856. He was a 
son of Daniel and Nancy Shank Lehman. There was a 
family of seventeen of which only two, a brother and sis- 
ter, survive. Dec. 18, 1883, he 
married Annie E. Zug. Three 
children were born to them. 
One died in infancy; one son 
and one daughter survive. 

Eld. Lehman united with 
the Church of the Brethren 
thirty-three years ago and 
was elected to the office of 
deacon in 1896 and to the 
ministry in 1897^ In 1911 he 
was chosen elder by the 
Chambersburg church in 
which capacity and as minis- 
ter he served for thirteen 
years. He also served as trustee of the Old Folks' Home 
of the Southern District of Pennsylvania for a number 
of years. 

After seven days of patient suffering with neuralgia 
of the heart he passed peacefully over on Aug. 17, 1925, 
aged sixty-eight years, nine months and four days. By 
his death the Church of the Brethren lost an earnest, 
faithful worker and supporter. The Chambersburg church 
has lost its leader and main pillar, leaving a vacancy 
hard to fill. Eld. Lehman bore more than his share of the 
burdens of the church. The high esteem in which he was 
held by the community was attested by the large attend- 
ance at his funeral, over i thousand being present, 
Chambersburg, Pa. J- J- Kriner. 

HELENA OKLA-Plea.ant Plain, church organised an Aid April 
27 f^f We held 12 meetings. Number of member., 33. We made 
oil. -erved hinche. and made articles , to .ell • *»»P» • f ^ 
Sent lor ,ong book., ,10.10; General "■»»»_J»" 1 1 »f > # *£ 
in building ho.pital in Alrica, *5; balance, S24.63.-Mr.. W. *.. 
Dupus Sec, Helena, Okla. 

WAWAKA IND— We held 12 all-day meetings, with an average 
aiMdanVTof IS The work con.i.ted ol ouilting, knotting com- 
attendance oi 10. . ki , We a i so held a Christmas 

b»»\r W P .' «n, SO .J V gTnia £«.' ■ Jl*L, bough. ,13 worth 
of groc.rks In .poor widow; contributed S35 to minister', .alary; 
bought flower, lor a .ick .i.ter; receipt,, IWl^WJ™ 11 
■- .76'.— Ella, Secretary -Treasurer, Wawaka, Ind. 


Piease note., ha, the filly e. ««. »",»«*< %£&.**< ' S™ He.' 
marriage notice may be applied o a three months P ^^ 

nTmade wta'n th'e'no.ree is -. »d Ml addre.. given. 

M.trg.r-Hemmger.-By the undersigned, at the home o the 
Dec 9 »" Bro. Kelvin Me.zger and Si.ter In. Heminger. both 
ol Wenatchee. Wash.-Ira J. Lapp. Wenatchee, Wash. Batavia, Ohio. Nov. 25. 1925, Bro. Le.lie D. 
Parte and 1 Si.ter Pearl, both ol Edenton, Oh.o.-Anna Le.h, 
Goshen, Ohio. 

Edna Barnhart.-G.len B. Royer, Jr., Nappanee, Ind. 



Friday evening, Oct. 2, our church gave a reception to 
our newly elected elder, Bro. D. B. Maddocks, of Altoona. 
Oct. 11 Bro. Maddocks preached our examination ser- 
mon on the subject, " Feasting on God's Love." The house 
was full and the message was winsome and instructive. 
Bro. Maddocks also officiated at our love feast in the 
evening. About 140, mostly of our own members, were 
present. It was a very sacred and impressive service. 
Fifteen non-members were present and expressed their 
appreciation of the service. 

Oct. 25 Mr. Stephen Potts, of Hollidaysburg, dressed in 
costume, gave us a very interesting and instructive talk on 
Palestine. He has traveled extensively through Italy, Asia 
Minor, Egypt and Palestine. 

Nov. 1 Mrs. Alice D. Sell, the pastor's wife, filled the 
pulpit at the Twenty-eighth Street church both morning 
and evening. At our church the same evening Bro. W. 
J. Hamilton agreeably surprised us with a message on 
"The Teaching Task of the Church." 

Nov 13 a surprise reception was given at the church 
in honor of Bro. C. C. Shiffler who has been our super- 
intendent for the past ten years. An improvised program 
and free will purse were two main features of the recep- 
tion. Nov. 29 was red letter day for our church. It was 
the sixteenth Home Coming anniversary, and one to be 
long remembered. The house was well filled morning, 
afternoon and evening. Each session seemed to grow 
richer and more inspiring until it reached the climax in 
the evening session. The overflow meeting at 9 P. M. 
was so inspiring that it seemed almost impossible to stop. 


I was so impressed when I read, "It Pays to Trust 
Jesus," by Bro. N. J. Paul in the "Messenger" for Dec. 
5. It pays to trust Jesus and serve him too. We are so 
prone to forget Jesus, to fail to seek his help when he 
alone is able to help us always. A good way to cultivate 
trust and reverence is to meditate on his goodness and the 
blessings that are ours. We have so many more blessings 
than failures or losses. 

I have had problems, and find that when I take them 
to Jesus he hears my prayer and sends a fuller answer 
than I dared ask. Too often we go to man for advice and 
help, when Jesus is willing and ready to help us if we 
but seek him. He never disappoints or betrays us— but 
often man does both. 

The daily evidences of God's love and grace are rich 
rewards to those who trust and serve him. 

"Thou wilt keep him in perfect peace, whose mind is 
stayed on thee, for he trusteth in thee." 
Midland, Va. Eva Hinegardner. 
■ » ■ 


Our devotional meetings were carried out according to 
the program given some time ago. Bro. Adam Ebey gave 
us a much appreciated discourse on the value of small 
things on Wednesday evening. On Thursday Bro. Long 
began his lessons of the Book of Ephesians. There were 
six hours spent in this study and I am sure that every 
one of us felt that we were made to walk in heavenly 

a „„„ Si.ter Martha Ann, died at her home in the Bethany con- 
rSSiWati » year., 1 month and 7 days. She 
married GW. Anion April 19, 1866. There Were lour .on. and 
",„ daughter., the olde.t .on and daughter having preceded b«£ 
Oct 24 Bro. Annon was stricken with paralysi. and), .till in 
uct. /. oru. Nov ^ sister Annon became ill and died 

ol C p„'eum.n°»".he ' following Saturday. Owing to B,0. Anno*. 
condition there was no luneral, except a .bort at the borne. 
Inlermen. in the Payne cem.lery.-A. C. Auvil. Thornton W. Va. 
d ~ *A SUter Letitia born in Franklin County, Va., died Dec. 
12 mf aged 68 years. 'She had been in poor health lor several 
month.' She was a laithlul member ol the Church ol the Brethren 
. l, m t,«r nf vears Surviving are five sons, two daughter, and 

ne .i.t™ Servic a. h"r liom' near Wirt.. Va., by Eld. J W. 
Barnhar. ' Interment in the cemetery near by.-OUi. Ted Eiken- 
berry, Wirtz, Va. 

Berger, Si.ter Nancy Caylor. born in Defiance County, ph.0, d.ed 
Nov 7 1925, aged 78 years, 3 month, and 28 day.. Sept. «, 187', 
.he married Jefferson Berger. Be.ide. the husband she leave, one 
.on, three daughter., sixteen grandchildren, ..x great^randenudren 
one brother and one si.ter. One daughter preceded her She died 
the larm where she was born and spent most ol her hie. 
She was known (or her cheerlul dispo.ition. Services by Bro. John 
Flirt at South Poplar Ridge church. Interment at Riverside 
cemetery Defiance.— Mr.. Obert Noffsinger, Defiance, Ohio. 

Bowser^ Jacob M-, born near Kittanning, in the Glade Run 
congregation, died suddenly Dec. 16, 1925, aged 74 year, and 9 
month. The cau.e ol hi. death was. not definitely known. Be 
"a. a mn.t a liie-long member ol the Church ol the Brethren 
and lived laithlul all through hi. We. In 1876 he wa. elected 
," the office ol deacon and ..rved in that capacity until death. 
He was married twice, hi. first wile preceding him year. ago. 
In 1895 he married Mrs. Sarah Morrow, who survives with one 
.on and on. daughter. Services by the writer in the Glad, i Run 
church. Interment in the adjoining cemetery.-J. Lloyd Nedrow, 
Kittanning, Pa. '. 

a, B b,rhomfS'p»,S i K^,trl9 C lS';g^ ye^^ 

• '» d " kt £ = d w C e'"\ C o,rn,r Sreu!' 1 R,"&."E 
in'lancv .even are living. The departed ha. eight grandchildren, 
one sis'ter aS lou, brother, living. He united with the Church p 
the Brethren about twenty,five year, ago and "'"""T^"^ 1 ^ 

\'" , V He' of. 'Kan".,. "pionc^he'Ta, much SSfci T Z 
n'rler ation ofeari? day r^ics and .pent a great par. oi hi. 

,' ^.herine a worth-while collection. Funeral service, were 

coTducUd in the North Solomon Church ol the Brethren Port,,. 
Kan... by Bro. F. A. Wagoner, Waldo, Kan, ...isted by Bro^ 
Lewis Naylor, Harlan. Kan.. Interment was made ,n Cry.tal Plain, 
cemetery, Smith County, K.ns.-W. Earl Breon, Huntington, Ind. 

Brochard, Susannah (Spurgin). born at Colombo., Ohio, died near 
Sunned. Kan.., Dee. 12. 1925. aged 85 yea,., 9 month .nd 
11 days She wa. married to Harvey Brochard, ol Iowa, a mml.ter 
ol tne Church ol the Brethren, Aug, 31. 1862^ Later they moved 
,„ Kan.a,, and home.teaded near Summerfield. Nme chddren 
were born to thi. union, six ol whom are living, be.ide. forty- 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 9, 1926 


five grandchildren and twenty -five great-grandchildren. She v/as 
a member of the Church of the Brethren for nearly half a century, 
having been one of the few remaining charter members of the 
Richland Center church. Services in that church by the writer. 
assisted by Eld. John Eby. Interment in the church cemetery. — 
\V. W. Blough, Summerficld. Kans. 

Drushel, Bro. A. C, born in Putnam County, Ohio, died at his 
home near Centropolis, Kans., Dec. 13, 192S, aged 68 ycar3, 1 month 
and 29 days. He was married Oct. 10. 1882, to Mary Beekly, who 
died tn 1889. Feb. 10, 1891, he married Eliza Shoemaker. To this 
union were horn one son and one daughter. The son died in 1917. 
Bro. Drushcl united with the Church of the Brethren forty-five 
years ago and remained faithful. He is survived by his wife and 
daughter. Services by the writer, assisted by Bro. J. M. Ward.— C. 
W. Shoemaker, Overbrook, Kans. 

Hahn, Sister Julia, daughter of Wra. and Mary Frush, born near 
Aurora, W. Va., died at the Old Folks' Home, San Mar, Md., 
Dec. 12, 1925, aged 58 years and 6 months. She united with 
the Church of the Brethren in her teens and remained faithful 
to the end. She was married to John Austin, of Vinton, Iowa. 
There were three sons and one daughter who survive. They moved 
later to Union Bridge, Md., where her husband died soon afterward. 
Some years later she married Thos. Hahn, who preceded her a 
few months ago. Services by Bro. J. M. Henry at her son's home. 
Interment in the Union Bridge ccineterv. — T. S. Fike, Thurmont, Md, 

Horshberger, Mary Ann Peck, born in Somerset County, Pa., 
April 3, 1837, died near Lindsay, Calif., Dec. 10, 1925, from the in- 
firmities of old age. She was married in October, 1857, to John 
Hershberger, who preceded her in death. There were six children, 
three of whom survive. For sixty- seven years she was a member 
of the Church of the Brethren. Fifty years of her life were spent 
near Gibbon's Glade, Fayette Co., Pa. In 1907 she came to 
California, where she made her home with her daughter, Sadie Maust. 
Funeral services at the home by the writer, assisted by Eld. 
H. M. Brubaker. Interment in Olive cemetery at Lindsay.— C. 
Ernest Davis, Patterson, Calif. 

tel Lewis, died at the 1 

Hollenbaugh, Brc 




and 28 days, 
sons, three daughters, one bro 
Services in St. James 
Rev. John B. Rupley. 
E. Roop, Westminster, Md. 

Marsh, Bro. Jacob, born i 
1925, aged 61 years, 3 mom 
Baker Feb. 4, 1889. There we 
son preceded him at the age 
four children, five grandchild 
four sisters. l~ 

Md., Nov. 30, 1925, aged 76 

survived by his wife, three 

one brother and a number of grandchildren. 

church By Eld. Geo. A. Early, assisted by 

Interment in the adjoining cemetery. — Wm. 

years ago and i 
np church hy Bro. Gi 
rs. Asenath Bakei 

Wood County, Ohio, died Dec. 10, 
i and 16 days. He married Lucy 
two sons and three daughters. One 
f five years. He leaves his widow, 
l, an aged father, two brothers and 
the Church of the Brethren about 
ccs at the Black 

rnained faithful. 

co. Garner. Interment in Welbridge ceme- 
tery.— Mrs. Asenath Uaker, Lemoync, Ohio. 

Miller, Sister Lucinda (Tibbets), died Nov. 17, 1925, aged 79 years. 
2 months and 22 days. She was married to William Miller. They 
together united with the Church of the Brethren in early years 
and lived good, consistent Christian lives to the end. Bro. Miller 
preceded her some ten or eleven years ago. Two children survive. 
Services by the undersigned, assisted by Eld. Chas. Yoder. at 
the Miller farm home near South Bend, Ind.— J. W. Grater, South 
Bend, Ind. 
Newton, Alyce Mae, infant daughter of John and Martha Newton, 
■ was born in Decatur, Nebr., died in Lincoln, Nebr., Dec. 2, 1925, aged 
10 months and 28 days. She leaves her parents and four sisters. 
Services in the Lincoln church by the writer, assisted by Bro. 
Edgar Stauffer. Burial in Wynka cemetery.— J. R. Smith. Lincoln, 

Royer, Bro. John, died at his home in Westminster, Md., Dec. 
12, 1925, aged 90 years, 1 month and 20 days. His wife, who was 
Sister Elizabeth Geiman. preceded him many years ago. Most of 
his long life was spent in active service of the Church of the 
Brethren. He is survived by four sons and three daughters, twenty- 
nine grandchildren, ten great-grandchildren and two brothers. Services 
in the Meadow Branch church by Eld. J. W. Thomas and the 
writer. Interment in adjoining cemetery. — Wm. E. Roop, Westminster, 

Ryan, Moses, son of Mr. ; 
County, Ind., died in Indi 
Dec. 14, 1925, aged 43 year-: 

nd Mrs. Moses Ryan, born in Jackson 
.napolis, at the Robert Long Hospital, 
2 months and 18 days. Aug. 27, 1922, 
Ross. There was one daughter who 
preceded him. He was in failing health for a long time but during 
his long suffering he was cheerful, pleasant and patient. He loved 
the Sunday-school and church. He leaves his widow, four sisters 
and two brothers. Services at Cana hy Eld.' M. Smeltzer. Interment 
in the Cana cemetery.— Catharine Smeltzer, Seymour, Ind. 

Simpson, Sarah E., born in Hillsboro, Ohio, May 5, 1844. She came 
with her parents to Indiana at the age of twelve years. Nov. 26, 
1374, she married James W. Simpson. There were two sons and one. 
daughter. She died at the home of her son, H. G. Simpson, Dec. 
14, 1925, aged 81 years, 7 months and 9 days. She is survived by 
one son, six grandchildren, and two great-grandchildren. She united 
with the Church of the Brethren at an early age and lived faith- 
ful to the end. Services at the Pleasant Valley church by J. 
H. Fike and Bert Pontius. Burial at the Pleasant Valley ceme- 
tery.— Ethe! Pontius, Osceola, Ind. 

Sowers, Dana A., daughter of A. J. and Geneva Reed, born in 
Floyd County, Va., died at the Altaraont hospital in Christians- 
burg, Va., Dec. 4, 1925, aged 27 years, 11 months and 4 days. She 
married Harvey B. Sowers Oct. 8, 1915. She united with the 
Church of the Brethren Nov. 9, 1916. She was a good church 
worker and lived faithful until death. She is survived by her 
husband, father, mother, one sister and three brothers. Services 
at the Church of the Brethren by Chris Eller and J. S. Showalter. 
Interment in the Sunset Hill cemetery.— Mary C. Smith, Christians- 
burg, Va. 

of Samuel and Elizabeth Stayer, born at 
lied at the home of his son, .Samuel J. 
, La., Nov. 24, 1925, aged 80 years and 21 
!ed Miss Hannah Stucky, who died 

htel, who preceded 
union were born two sons and 
n infancy. He is survived by 
a sister and a brother. He 
thren at the age of eighteen, 
orker for the Master. About 
em shore of Maryland, where 
tartcd the Ridgel 

by Eld. L. R. Bn 

Stayer, David S., : 
New Enterprise, Pa. 
Stayer, in New Orle; 
days. In 1868 he m; 
later. In 1874 he m 
him in the spring of 1921. To thi: 
one daughter. The daughter died 
two sons and two step-daughters 
united with the Church of the B 
and was a faithful and untiring 
1880 the family -moved to the ca 
he and a few other pioneer meml 
Services from the Ridgely chui 

sisted by the pastor. Bro. H. K. Zigler. Interment 
cemetery.— Franklin A. Stayer, Ridgely, Md. 

Wagner, Jacob, born near Cerro Gordo, III., died i 
Dec. 19, 1925, aged 65 years, 11 months and 9 day: 
Sarah J. Shull Nov. 22. 1885. There were five child: 
"i infancy. Sister Wagner died Oct. 5, 1901. June 30, 1907, he ma: 
ned Ada May Cook. In this family are three children. He leaves 
his wife, two brothers and six grandchildren. He united with 
the Church of the Brethren when eighteen years old and lived 
faithful unto the end. Services by the undersigned, assisted by 
E'd. W. T. Heckman.— D. J. Blickenstaff, Oakley, III. 

Weaver, Bro. Wm. died Dec. 15, 1925, at the home of his son-in- 
law, Bro. Shannon Wyants, Riddlcsburg, Pa., aged 61 years, 7 months 
a "d 4 days, Soon after his marriage to Sister Jane Himes he 
united with the Church of the Brethren and remained faithful. His 
wife preceded him about three years ago. He is survived by four 
children. Services in the Bethel church by Bro, D. A. Stayer, 
assisted by Bro. Paul Dilling. Interment in the adjoining cemetery.— 
J. N. Cogan, Riddlcsburg, Pa. 

the Ridgely 

Decatur, 111., 
He married 

A Choice Collection 

The True 


of These 

Days Is a 


of Books 

— Carlyle 


the Horizon 
of Your Life 

A Selection 

from this List 

of Books 

Will Help You 

For the Little Folks 

Bed Time Stories. Byrum .$ .60 

Twilight Talks with the Children. By- 


First Steps for Little Feet in Gospel 
Paths. Foster 1.25 

Bible Pictures and What They Teach Us. 
Foster 2J0 

The Boy Jesus 

The First Christmas 

Moses the Leader. Royer, 


Jesus the Savior. 2 vols. Royer 70 

Samuel the Judge. Royer J5 

David the King. Royer -55 

Esther the Queen. Royer -15 

Elijah the Prophet. Royer JS 

Abraham the Faithful. Royer J5 

The Tale of Cuffy Bear. Bailey. 50 

The Boy Who Would Be King. Rosen- 

berger -^5 

The Tale of Jolly Robin. Bailey 50 

For the Boys and Girls 

A Voice in the Night. Hall 1 JO 

Joel, A Boy of Galilee. Johnston 1.90 

Character Builders' Club 1.25 

Hurlbut's Story of the Bible 150 

Story of Jesus. Hurlbut 150 

Story of the Bible. Foster 100 

Story of the Gospel. Foster 1.25 

Paul the Dauntless. Matthews 150 

Paul, the Herald of the Cross. Wayland, J5 

Beautiful Girlhood. Hale 1.00 

Two Ancient Red Cross Tales. Wilson, M 

By This Sign We Conquer. Wilson JO 

The Book of God's Providence. Faris,.. 1.25 

The Book of Joy. Fari 1 J5 

The Book of Faith in God. Faris 1.25 

White Queen of Okoyong. Livingstone, 1.25 

For Young People 

The Manhood of the Master, A Daily Life 

Book. Fosdick, I Ji 

The Meaning of Prayer, A Daily Life 

Book. Fosdick, LIS 

The Meaning of Service, A Daily Life 

Book. Fosdick L25 

Quiet Talks on Power. Gordon 1.25 

Visioos and Voices. Blanchard .75 

God's Minute JO 

Personal Life of David Livingston:. 

Blaikie, 1-50 

Pilgrim's Progress. Banyan 1J0 

Quiet Talks on Prayer. Gordon, 1.25 

Out for Character 1.00 

For Older People 

My Daily Meditation. Jowett, IX 

Fanny Crosby's Story of 94 Years 130 

The High Calling. Jowett, L50 

Quiet Talks About the Tempter. Gordon, 1.25 

Quiet Talks on Service. Gordon, 1 .25 

Daily Manna. Lawson 1-50" 

The Real Christ. Torrey 1.75 

Greatest Thoughts About Jesus Christ. 

Lawson, 1*75 

Greatest Thoughts About God. Lawson, 1.75 
Tributes of Great Men to Jesus Christ. 

DeLong, t JO 

The Beatitudes. McCann -75 

Address all orcWi to 

Elgin, Illinois 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 9, 1926 


OfllclM Ort.n ot the, Church of the BretHrcn 

Published weekly by Brethren Publishing Honse, R. E. Arnold, Gen- 
erf, St^rS. o I S. S..« Si Elgin, 111 a, S 2.00 per ..=o=, ,» 
advance. (Canada subscriptions fifty cents extra.} ^^^ 


Assistant Editor 


Post-office at Elgin, III., as Second-class Matte 
.nailing at special rate of postage provided for 
103, Act of October 3, 1917, i 

uthorized August 20, 1918. 

Notes From Our Correspondents 


led irom Pa 


lunch the Suriday-sc 

s. A. T. Ferguson, Jo: 

making the 

ot Christ, the Savior of the world. 
gave an excellent Christmas program, 
boro, Tenn.. Dec. 23. 

Brick church met in council Dec. 19, with Eld. G. B. He 
siding Officers were elected for the coming year, with 
B Flora superintendent of the Sunday-school. Forward H. 
committees were reappointed, also members on the mi 
-.mmiitcc It was also decided to meet in the near fut~... . 
.1,,. iHirnose of electing some brethren to the deacon's office. Our 
voung p'ple have been enjoying singing lessons for the last two 
months on Friday and Saturday evenings, conducted by S.ster Lizzie 
Parnhart.-Ollie Teel Ikcnberry, Wirt*. Va., Dec. 26. 

Northw«t.-At the close of the prayer services Nov IS three 
were added to the church by baptism, the result of the series ol 
meetings held in September by the pastor, Bro. Rufus Bowman. 
Bro. Sbowaltcr, our supply pastor, has kept in close touch w.h 
those who came forward during the meeting, these tlree be ng 
the result of his follow-up work. Nov. 22 Mr. Geo. Fulk, of New 
York City, occupied the pulpit at the evening service, speaking 
on " World Peace." Many people said it was the best and most 
enlightened talk they had yet heard on the subject. An offering 
of SIS was given for the work of the Welfare Board m this cause. 
The Thanksgiving service was voted the best in every way in 
rnurnber ofyears. The service was held at 7 AM. A splendid 
audience was present, and nearly all brought gifts of food for 
the needy Bro. W. M. Kahle gave the principal sermon, followed K 
by a short talk by the pastor and special music. The ^ring 
of the morning amounting to $1,000 was donated to the building 
fund of the church. Rally Day the whole school assembled in the 
church auditorium for the morning worship. The superm tender, t 
" inked the school for the splendid co- 
day such a wonderful success, and urged 
; former superintendent, 
' made a strong appeal for encouragement to 
r..= by still better cooperation. The pastor then 
with a story for the children and a short sermon concluded the 
services. On Rally Day the school assembled at 9:45 instead of 
10 o'clock. The school continues to meet at 9:45 and finds it is 
for the better. Tiie fifteen minutes in the junior department is 
used at the close of the session by the pastor in a special service 
of stories, short talks, prayers and songs. Teachers' meetings are 
held on the first Monday of the month and are well attended. Some 
verv definite plans for the year are being worked out at these 

.:„„, The regular council was held Dee. 4. All church officers 

that F. T. Forbes was chosen member of 
mmittee to take the place of D. P. Shickel, 
asked to be relieved.— Mrs. John H. Shickel, Roanoke, Va., 
Dec. 24. 

Richn.ond.-We decided to have a Bible Institute during the 
holidays. We thank the " Messenger " for the nice notice given 
our Aid Society on how worn articles can be used here to ad- 
vantage. Some packages have already come and we are looking 
for others. We are very hopeful of having Bro. M. R. Zigler 
visit us in the near future. Especially do we need a home mission 
worker in Richmond. A capable, exemplary and discreet woman, 
:o the church of Christ would be of great value 
vill recommend such a woman address H. H. Eye. 
clerk, R. D. 6, Richmond, Va.— Katheryn Moore Ewing, Richmond. 
Va., Dec. 20. 

Valley Bethel church met in council Dec. 19, with Eld. A. H. 
Miller presiding. All the officers were elected for the coming year: 
Brethren N. W. Bussard and M. C. Carpenter, Sunday-school super- 
intendents; church clerk. Bro. R. E. Bussard; "Messenger" cor- 
respondent, Sister Eva Carpenter. The date of our regular council 
was changed to Friday before the third Sunday of December, and 
Friday before the first Sunday of March. Eld. P. E. Ginger 
attended our council, remaining over and preaching for us on 
Sunday. Eld. A. A. Miller preached for us on Thanksgiving. Wc 
gave an offering of S2S.55 for general missions, and ?S for District 
Sunday-school work. Eld. A. H. Miller preached for us Golden 
Rule Sundav and an offering of $11 was given for the Near East 
Relief— Mrs! Chas. B. Gibbs. Bolar, Va., Dec. 22. 


Spokane.— Dec. 8 the church met in council, with Eld. J. U. G. 

o, Wenatcliee, Wash., member 

isent. Church and Christian 

were elected for the coming year. Brother and 

were granted letters, as they expect to leave 

vill make their home. The members granted 

of absence to go to Omak, Wash., the last 

two weeks' revival. Dec. 13 Bro. Frank 

preached for us from the subject, " The 

Service," which we enjoyed very much. Dec. 

o. Stiverson preached on " Self-examination " at 11 o'clock, 

which he baptized two children. At 7 P. M. we held our 

;ast,. with forty-six present.— Grace Mcintosh. Spokane, Wash., 

■ reelected, except 
church property ec 


If any on 


n charge. B 


the Distric 

t Board 



ars were 


er She 





re they 


. Stiv 


a leave 



y t 

hold E 




R.'F, Hin 


Wenatchee.— 1 
weeks' evangel 


added to 

attendance has 

ing. We have 

present church 

are trying to 

social interest among i 

was organized which aims pi 

tion in music; but it also ai< 

with special selections. Dec. 

mas pageant, "The Shepherd Lad's Gift," 

who wished brought gifts to be sent to th 

was very impressive and 
large number of packages 
the Chicago mission to be d 
Wis., Dec. 28. 

$ « # 

® m ^ 

Frantz, of Lindsay, Calif., just closed a two 
meeting with us and six were baptized. Bro. 
Frantz delivered some very inspiring messages which will benefit 
us all, I am sure. At our last council Dec. 5, several letters were 
granted and a financial program was agreed upon whereby we 
continue our church building next fall. Bro. Woods has organized 
a chorus among the children. We arc having some rare treats 
over Christmas both in word and in song.— Gertie Racus. Wenatchea, 
Wash., Dec. 21. 

Stanley.— Dec. 20 we held our council, with Bro. C. H. Gnagy 
presiding. Church officers were elected and a report of the past 
work was given. Very marked progress has been made 
church and Sunday -school work. Forty-three have been 
iber during the past year. The Sunday-school 
rcascd. often being over 100, which is encourag- 
t our aim in attendance at 165, which is our 
mbcrship. We have two organized classes which 
:omplish definite things and to> foster a good 
Recently a boys and girls' chorus 
arily to give them a correct founda- 
in church and Sunday-school services 
■ the Live Wire Class gave a Christ- 
Following this anyone 
This service 

Church Papers in the Nation's Life— 

, the 

What do church papers mean in a nation's life . . . have you ever 
slopped to think? Read a few samples of what nationally recognized religious 
leaders say they should mean to you — 

Henry Churchill King — 

" I quite agree with you that it is well to emphasize just now the value of 
religious journalism and the importance of having a strong paper of some kind 
in the homes of our Protestant people." 

Charles E. Jefferson — 

" I am a steadfast friend of the religious press, and am a firm believer in its 
usefulness. It is performing an indispensable service to our churches, and I regret 
that so many people fail to appreciate its value. The efficiency and enthusiasm of 
many professing Christians would be immeasurably augmented by the faithful 
reading of some religious weekly." 

Robert E. Speer — 

" I believe with all my heart in the value of the religious press and lament 
all the more on that account that we have so few religious papers which are able 
to maintain themselves and which approach the Christian ideal. I think we ought 
to put forth every effort today to maintain our religious papers and to lift them 
to a still higher level of effectiveness and Christian spirit." 

Alexander MacColl — 

" The religious press has a sphere all its own by reason of the irritating in- 
accuracy of the daily newspapers, their assignment of callow youths to discuss^ 
the most vital matters of faith and life, and their habitual emphasis upon the more 
sensational features of church life. For this reason our church papers should 
be heartily supported by all Christians who think it important to keep informed 
about the affairs of the Kingdom. Many of the most serious problems of church 
life today come from a lack of accurate information, especially among the laity." 

Lynn Harold Hough — 

" Personally, I feel that if it were possible to develop a genuine interest i 
best books and magazines which are being produced by our religious press, in every 
home which is nominally Christian, the whole of our American life would be 
profoundly changed for the better in a generation. I can not think of any one 
thing which would do more for the deepening and enriching of our whole national 
life, and what it would mean to the homes and individuals who make up our 
Republic is quite beyond computation." 

William F. McDowell— 

" I suppose there would be no question at all about the value of pure house- 
hold food in an American family. The singular thing is that many families are 
very careful about the food they eat and utterly reckless about the literature they 
read ; careful about the food they supply their children and utterly reckless about 
the magazines, books and papers which get into their children's hands. The current 
revelations as to the literature on sale at the news stands all over the country are 
appalling. If these revelations mean anything, they ought to mean a new apprecia- 
tion of the importance of Christian literature, especially periodical literature. I 
do not see how our churches and families can possibly be at their best without it." 

The Gospel Messenger seeks to bring to Brethren homes just the type of 
clean and inspiring reading matter that these leaders regard as a saving ele- 
ment in the national life. 

Subscribe today for The Gospel Messenger 

fleeted the true Christmas spirit, 

ived which will be sent to 
—Mrs. C. E. Guyer, Stanley, 

Brethren Publishing House, Elgin, Illinois: 

Enclosed please find two dollars for which you 
may send me the " Messenger " for one year. 

Read the news of the Broth- 
erhood; keep in touch with 
the plans of the church 


-s or friends who should be taking the 

. Add re 
. Addrt 


The Gospel Messenger 

"THY KINGDOM COME "— m.«. e= io, L„k. h, z 

" Till we all atlain unlo . . . the 
the fulness of Christ."— Eph. 4; 13. 

Vol. 75 

Elgin, 111., January 16, 1926 

No. 3 

In This Number 

The F< 

ations of Peace.— No. 3 (H. A. B). . 

Hit It at the Center, 

It Takes Blood 

Among tilt- Churches 

Around the World 

Tlie Quiet Hour (R. H. M.) 

Our Forward Moi 

Our Inherited Stewardship— Conl 
The 1926 "Yearbook," 


General Forum- 
Waiting (Poem), 34 

Needed— Some Old Time Preachers. By J. H. Moore, 34 

Christ and World Brotherhood.— No. 1. By John Luke Hoff, ..34 

"The Moral Equivalent for War." By Paul P. Bechtold 35 

The Old Jew Who Quit Making Money. Part 1. By Earl M. 



The Simple Life. By Maude C. Jones 

Wasting the Lord's Goods. By D. E. Cripe, 
Condition of Mission Treasury, Jan. 1, 1926, . 

The Joy of Giving. By S. Z. Sharp 

Scarecrows. Bv Archer Wallace 

The Pastor's Study— 

The Pastor's Challenge.— No. 1. By Walter McDonald Kahle, 

The Root and Fruit of Douht. By Albert C. Wieand, 

Divine Preservation. By C. I. Scott, 

The Anger of God. By J. C. Shull 

Home and Family — 

The Hour of Worship (Poem), 

What a Pity! By Leo Lillian Wise, 

Too Tired to Play. By Olive A. Smith 

Harmful Censorship. By Lula R. Tinkle 


The Foundations of Peace 

3. War and Production 

If we may assume that the 6rdeal of war tends to 
place authority and leadership in the hands of the 
strong and capable, then war may be expected to 
bring tremendous gains through centralized control 
and more efficient management. The Romans may 
be taken as a'good example of the subtle gains that 
may come through war. By conquest the Roman 
genius for organization was made available for the 
whole western world. Even where the Romans did 
not care to manage, their ideals and methods made 
subjected peoples more capable. Hence the case for 
war as a solution of overpopulation problems does not 
rest wholly on the fact that war reduces the number 
of hungry mouths; rather it .rests on the fact that 
war tends to centralize control in the hands of capable 
and energetic people, even as today many lands still 
inhabited by backward races are being made to yield 
tremendous resources under the superior management 
of the civilized nations. 

A few centuries ago a scattering of North American 
Indians eked out a precarious existence where today 
other races have founded great nations and smitten 
the rocks until food and gold have poured forth. If 
such genius could be applied to all of the waste places 
of the earth our resources of food and material could 
be increased almost indefinitely. Some of the richest 
river valleys of the world, like the Congo and Amazon 
basins, are today nothing but tropical jungles awaiting 
the day when they may become the source of food for 
hundreds of millions of men. Thus it must be clear 
that the case for war rests more upon its possible 
effects upon food production than upon its use as 
an easy way to get rid of hungry men. / 

In the last analysis war as a solution of the over- 
population problem must stand or fall upon the basis 
°f what it promises through centralized control and 
expert management. Suppose that the modern world 
could be organized and directed from London, Paris, 
Berlin, Rome, Tokyo or Washington. Suppose that 
the able English, the thrifty French, the scientific Ger- 
mans, the energetic Italians, the capable Japanese or 
the efficient American business man — that is, that any 
°ne of these was directing world production. Think 
of the material comforts we might all enjoy — if there 

was time — if some one of these great nations controlled 
production ! 

Now supposing that some one of the nations named 
could by war make itself the master of the modern 
world much as Rome made herself ruler of the ancient 
world. How would the food supply be affected — one 
thing which seems to be very near the heart of the 
overpopulation problem? Well, we have first to accept 
the doubtful assumption that the nation proven" strong- 
est by the ordeal of war would also prove the most 
capable and energetic in the direction of a world in- 
dustrial organization. We would have to assume that 
a Napoleon could also be a Rothschild, a Stinnes and 
a Henry Ford. But peace has problems that are more 
intricate than those of war and it does not follow that 
a militaristic nation will be as efficient in industry as 
in war. The Romans succeeded as largely as they 
did because they recognized genius in others and drew 
constantly into their own group as citizens the capable 
and energetic throughout the empire. This was in itself 
the tacit admission upon the part of the Romans that 
they were not sufficient unto themselves as managers 
of a world empire, though they had contrived to 
build the structure. 

YY hat would naturally result if one nation were 
today to gain the hegemony of the world through mili- 
tary force? The order of life for the individuals of 
such a nation would have to be materially changed. 
In order to maintain its position the able-bodied men 
- of the ruling nation would have to be very largely 
withdrawn from productive lines and used to police 
the balance of the world to keep it at work. Thus 
the first loss would be the productive power of the 
ruling nation. Again, the balance of mankind, sullen 
and resentful, would produce less than if working 
of its own free wHIl. The situation would be much 
as if farmer A should 'decide to quit work, believing 
that he could compel farmer B to do the work on 
both farms, while he, A, managed affairs. But with 
A quitting work and with B sullen and inefficient it 
is likely that both farms would be badly neglected 
and A's fine dream would fade away as B gathered 
nubbins in weedy cornfields in the fall. The situation 
would be even worse if A and B got into a light and 
both got laid out. Then, of course, neither farm 
would be tilled and both ruler and the ruled would 
go hungry. The situation and its inherent possibilities 
would not be materially changed if A and B were 
nations and not farmers. Thus world conquest for 
world industrial management would most likely de- 
crease rather than increase the food supply and thus 
would go aglimmcring most that war promises 
through the centralization of authority and efficient 
management. A community or the whole world will 
produce the most and have the most to enjoy when 
all men are working of their own free will and at 
those lines of work for which they are best fitted 
by interest and resources. 

War fails as a solution with respect to the indirect 
gains promised because it would retard production 
in more ways than it would facilitate it. But more 
than all, war fails as a solution because the underlying 
idea of living by conquest is a fallacious and deceitful 
chimera. There is a law written deeply in the book 
of nature that they who live as parasites can only 
prosper when the host prospers. The young lions 
lack meat when the antelopes fail, and these last van- 
ish when grass is scarce. Years ago the white cottony 
scale threatened to destroy the orange groves of Cali- 
fornia. Then some one discovered a parasite, and how 
that parasite multiplied and destroyed the cottony 
scale ! But in the measure that the scale was destroyed, 
the future for the parasite was reduced. Today the 
cottony scale is rarely found and never feared. The 

parasite keeps it in perfect control and is itself con- 
trolled by the almost complete destruction of its host. 
But what is true for bugs and lions is equally true for 
men; it holds also for the parasitic nation that fastens 
itself upon some more peaceful or helpless host. 

War is nut a real solution of the overpopulation 
problem. So long as the seed of man remains the 
best that can be expected is that killing men will sim- 
ply delay, rather than solve the overpopulation prob- 
lem ; and sooner or later the bloody business has to 
be done all over, fur nations rise again as weeds in the 
waste places. Further, under modern conditions, war 
is so expensive that even the victors lose more than 
they gain by trying t.i kill nil" neighboring nations. 
What is promised in theory on the basis of centralized 
control and expert management is more than overbal- 
anced by losses in initiative. Might is a brittle sword; 
they that fight against the meek also light against 
nature and nature's God. If the overpopulation prob- 
lem really has to be solved we must look elsewhere 
for some more humane and promising method. 

Hit It at the Center 

We have never been able to get much interested in 
the efforts to have poison gas, submarines, or any 
other particular kind of death dealing instrument de- 
clared unlawful in war. For one thing, we have little 
confidence that any such agreement wuuld hold under 
the stress of "military necessity." When war passions 
take possession of the public mind, reason and con- 
science are brushed aside and it becomes easy to justify 
anything thai promises victory. 

There is no use trying to civilize war. It is inher- 
ently barbarous and cm not he brought within the 
pale of civilization. There isn't any such thing as a 
nice respectable war. Attempted refinements of that 
kind are even more futile than trying to regulate the 
liquor traffic. The only way to manage that was to 
abolish it entirely. That is all there is to do to war. 
The only proposal for handling that which awakens 
any enthusiasm within us is the one which would out- 
law the whole thing. 

It Takes Blood 

WAS it fur some technical reason that the writer to 
the Hebrews declared that "apart from shedding of 
blood there is no remission "? Did he mean that God 
just woukl not, or could not, otherwise forgive a 
penitent sinner? Not at all, for the law provided for 
the possibility of forgiveness in those cases where the 
offerer was not able to bring a sacrifice of blood. But 
he was dealing with the broad and universal princi- 
ple which bail made the death of Jesus unavoidable, 
the same principle that he referred to a few chapters 
later when he reminded his readers that they bad " not 
yet resisted unto blood striving against sin." 

And that was said to Christians, it must be remem- 
bered, those who had supposedly experienced the 
cleansing benefits of Jesus' blood. Sin is such an aw- 
ful fact in human experience that only the utmost in 
sacrificial effort can get rid of it. That means resist- 
ance unto blood. Even God could not take it away 
without entering into the life of man in the closest 
possible way, and that he could not do without shed- 
ding blood. Neither can we successfully cooperate 
with him in the fight against sin, unless we go into it 
to the uttermost. And that means, sometimes in lit- 
eral fact, resistance unto blood, and always a resist- 
ance so desperate that " unto blood " is the only fit- 
ting symbol of it. 

If Christians lived more like they understood this 
and believed it, the Kingdom of God would come faster. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 16, 1926 


Serene I fold my hands and wait, 
Nor care for wind, nor tide, nor sea; 

I rave no more 'gainst time and fate, 
For lo I my own shall come -to me. 

I stay my haste, I make delays ; 

For what avails this eager pace? 
I stand amid the eternal ways, 

For what is mine shall know my face. 

Asleep, awake, by night or day 
The friends I seek are seeking me; 

No wind can drive my bark astray, 
Nor change the tide of destiny. 

What matter if I stand alone? 

I wait with joy the coming years 
My heart shall reap where 

And garner up 

t has sown. 
ts fruit of tears. 

The waters know their own, and draw 
The brook that springs in yonder heights. 

So flows the good with equal law 
Unto the soul of pure delights. 

The stars come nightly to the sky, 

The tidal wave unto the sea; 
Nor time, nor space, nor deep, i 

Can keep my own away from me. 

—John Burroughs. 


Needed — Some Old Time Preachers 


By the time this appears in print it will be forty- 
two years, within a few days, since we preached our 
first sermon in Florida, Jan. 20, 1884. We left our 
home at Mount Morris, 111., five days before, and at 
Jacksonville took a boat up the St. John's River for 
Palatka. Behind us we had left great banks of snow 
and intense zero weather. The trip on the river opened 
up to our vision the most charming scene we had 
ever experienced. From the snow banks to orange 
groves, with growing vegetation on every hand, 
seemed like a dream. It was fascinating. We were 
charmed by the gentle, balmy breezes, the fragrance 
from evergreen plants and flowers as well as the 
semi-tropical scenery. 

A short railroad run from Palatka westward brought 
us to the little village of Mannville, where we were 
kindly entertained by members of the Disciple Church, 
and in whose place of worship we preached morning 
and evening the day mentioned above. So far as we 
know this was the first preaching by any of the 
Brethren in the State. We were then young, full 
of energy and a bit venturesome. Two months later 
found us with wife and children located in the woods, 
three miles west of Mannville, at a place known as 
Keuka. Here the first Brethren Sunday-school for the 
State was organized on the platform of a little rail- 
road depot, and it was here that we began real mission 
work, reaching out in different directions. The under- 
taking was almost like a leap in the dark, but there 
were fruits, and to this day we meet with people who 
recall incidents connected with our efforts of the two 
score years in the past. 

From those days to this would make too long a 
story for a newspaper article. It has meant many a 
struggle, some seasons of joy and even occasions of 
sadness, but the efforts to win as much of Florida as 
possible for the Brethren still go on. More workers 
and wealth have entered. Instead of a lone preacher 
and his \v\fe we number more than a score of min- 
isters. Instead of a little Sunday-school on a depot 
platform we think of nearly a dozen doing efficient 
work. Instead of thinking in terms of a few members 
we think in terms of congregations, missions and com- 
modious church buildings. 

With us the vision is enlarging, first a little group 
of members and now a State District composed of 
churches. First a worker or two and now different 
boards to direct in various church, Sunday-school and 
mission activities. Instead of our people settling in 
one little community they are stringing themselves 

along the east coast, along the west coast and in still 
greater numbers along the ridge that runs through 
the greater part of the State from north to south. 
Thousands belonging to other churches are swarming 
into the State and it keeps, the leaders of these religious 
bodies busy looking after their steadily increasing 
flocks. But it is about our own people, and their 
welfare, that we are concerned, and that is why we 
are offering this article for the consideration of the 
Messenger readers at large. 

To take care of our growing interest is going to 
tax the resources of our District Mission and Minis- 
terial Boards. They need men and money. Just for 
the present we may be able to take care of the groups 
settling along the ridge, but how about the work and 
the outlook along the Atlantic and the Gulf coasts? 
Here may be found scattered groups of members and 
the children of members, without efficient shepherds 
to supply the bread of life and to direct the work 
that ought to be done. The opportunities are numer- 
ous and great, but the workers for this line of church 
activity are few. Money might bring the leaders 
needed, but there is something needed in advance of 
money, and that is a class of preachers of the old 
horseback type. Preachers who can take care of lit- 
tle flocks, and their own families until these little 
flocks can grow large enough to provide for some 
needed shepherds. The supported ministry, when not 
abused, is a fine thing for churches able to take care 
of pastors, but when it comes to building up churches 
in new communities the system is weak, decidedly 
weak. For such work there is nothing like the self- 
sacrificing preacher, the man whose call to preach has 
penetrated his heart and brain so thoroughly that he 
is constrained to preach the Gospel to the neglected, 
salary or no salary. 

This is the type of preachers that built up churches 
over the West and the middle West when the country 
was a comparative wilderness. And it is because the 
Church of the Brethren had a good supply of this 
kind of ministers that she succeeded so well in estab- 
lishing strong congregations in new countries. We are 
not calling in question the advisability of a supported 
ministry, but say what you will about the system, it 
falls short when it comes to planting churches all over 
the Southland. The churches so far established were 
made possible because of the willingness of several 
self-sacrificing men, men who could hold the hammer, 
saw, ax, plow handle or business in one hand and the 
Bible in the other. It is believed that we still have a 
number of this type of preachers scattered over the 
Brotherhood, but the problem is to get them to locate 
in the new fields where they are so much needed, and 
where they can make themselves eminently .useful. 
Then there is another class having sufficient income to 
provide for all their needs, who could easily afford 
to devote a few years to planting and caring for the 
Lord's vineyard, long enough at least for the vineyard 
to support a pastor. This, of course, would be a case 
of one .planting and another reaping, possibly hard on 
the man who does the planting and much easier on 
the pastor who later comes onto the scene. But the 
Lord knows how to proportion the reward, and the 
man who does the planting may rest assured that his 
reward will not be overlooked. 

Our schools are in a position to turn out a lot of 
pastors and even missionaries — workers whose needs 
are provided for, but none of them among any of 
the denominations, have a noticeable reputation for 
molding men of the same self-sacrificing type of the 
noble preachers, who planted and nourished churches 
on the broad and uncultivated prairies and in the dense 
forests of the trackless wilderness. We are not plead- 
ing for the old time religious experiences when we 
had no colleges, no Sunday-schools, no meeting 
houses, no foreign missions, and no real enjoyable 
traveling conveniences, but we would like to witness 
a sufficient revival of the old time horseback-riding 
spirit in enough of strong, well-trained preachers to 
supply the needs of scores of the new and neglected 
sections in the great Southland. We would not insist 
on the horseback experience ; the automobile, for new 
fields, is the preacher's horse these days; but we do 
plead for more of the old time spirit, going up and 

down in the country and preaching the Gospel to a 
people who are hungry for the Bread of life. This 
our Brethren did in the generations gone by, and made 
for themselves a name that will stand out for still 
other generations, and there is still plenty of room 
here in Florida and other parts of the South for well 
informed and well indoctrinated preachers of like 
spirit and like vision. 
Sebr'mg, Fla. , , , . 

Christ and World Brotherhood 

1. The Relationships of the Self 

One of the most perplexing problems in human 
history is the problem of properly adjusting the self 
to its environment. The self has been adopted as the 
unit of experience for all the varied contacts of life. 
Thus, we have the individual self, the family self or 
identity, the church self, and the national or political 
self. The problem is further complicated by the fact 
that each of these units has its particular environ- 
mental relationships. Each person has duties and op- 
portunities with respect to his fellow-man and also 
with respect to his family, his church, and his na- 
tion. But the church as a whole, as well as the family 
and the nation, has distinctive obligations with respect 
both to individual and to corporate life. Consequently, 
the social relationships of men and women are multi- 
plied again and again. 

The difficulty of the problem lies in the fact that 
men become confused by the different spheres of 
duty and often allow the obligations of one unit to 
take precedence over those of another or even entirely 
to usurp their place. Or again, these different rela- 
tionships and responsibilities may be wrongly inter- 
preted and the principles of one be allowed to con- 
flict with those of another. Now one sphere of human 
life is just as potentially moral as another. The rela- 
tionships between two brothers offer no greater oppor- 
tunities for moral and religious life than those between 
members of different religious faiths or of different 
social castes. Furthermore, there are no two fields of 
legitimate and normal experience which are mutually 
exclusive or antagonistic. The unity and harmony 
of which all life is capable is just as certain a fact 
as the discord and dissimilarity with which it so often 

Life is made up of a series of concentric circles 
and as culture and civilization progress, the experi- 
ences of the individual man or woman embrace more 
and more of these broader spheres. With this fact 
in mind we can realize what a remarkable man was 
Abraham. Living back near the dawn of recorded 
human history, he had a- larger horizon and a broader 
vision than a great many people of the present time 
with all their facilities and opportunities. " By faith 
Abraham, when he was called, obeyed to go out unto 
a- place which he was to receive for an inheritance ; 
and he went out. not knowing whither he went. By 
faith he became a sojourner in the land of promise, 
as in a land not his own, dwelling in tents, with Isaac 
and Jacob, the heirs with him of the same promise. 
These all died in faith, not having received 
the promises, but having seen them and greeted them 
from afar" (Heb. 11:8, 9, 13). 

In all ages there are heroes who tower above their 
contemporaries to lead them on to higher culture. But, 
as history proceeds, the general level of human intel- 
ligence steadily rises and the multitudes think in larger 
terms. In fact, education means simply an increasing 
disposition and ability to think in larger terms. Each 
experience is rich or poor according as it calls forth a 
large or a small number of associations. When per- 
sons see their actions in the light of distant sources or 
consequences, they have broken the shackles of time 
and space and have attained a new degree of liberty. 
Any educated person today who does not have an 
international mind cannot be called Christian. The 
Fatherhood of God and the brotherhood of man cannot 
mean anything else but the erasing of all boundaries 
which separate men. In the light of the great Chris- 
tian goal for the world, each person who clings to 
Jesus' ideals must have a broader horizon of thinking 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 16, 1936 


than those who do not follow his leadership. The true 
Christian has a sense of proportion, a perspective of 
life, by which he measures the claims and duties of 
himself and of the broader social and international 
units. He never thinks of one without seeing its re- 
lationships to the others. Capacity of personality 
means duty to the programs of larger relationship. 
McPherson, Kans. 

" The Moral Equivalent for War " 


" The Moral Equivalent for War " is a phrase 
made popular by William James' search for " some- 
thing heroic that will speak to men as universally as 
war does and yet will be as compatible with their 
spiritual selves as war has proved itself to be incom- 
patible." The great psychologist's proposal of com- 
pulsory industrial (instead of military) service in the 
fight against nature, leaves much to be said on the 
subject. Is this remedy comprehensive enough? Is 
man naturally a fighting animal ? Is war inherited 
or acquired? Are conflict and war the same? What 
kind of competition, if any, do we need in life? These 
and other questions must " give us pause " ; they 
indicate that further analysis of the situation is neces- 

When we have pictured the wickedness of war and 
the blessings of peace, we have perhaps decided that 
something must be done. That is the first step. Just 
what is to be done, and why and when and where 
and how, is to be decided by further study. Education 
and organization are essential in our program ; edu- 
cation should precede and accompany organization. 
It is in the hope of provoking further investigation 
that the writer is venturing three articles on (1) The 
Nature of Conflict. (2) IV hat Is War? and (3) The 
Moral Equivalent. 

I. The Nature of Conflict 

A. Origin of Conflict. 

That life is a struggle finds repeated sanction in 
Biblical literature. " I have fought a good fight," 
" fight the good fight of faith," said Paul. The author 
of Hebrews advised: "Run with patience the race." 
" Strive to enter the strait gate," the Master urged. 
Throughout the Old and New Testaments the idea 
is plain that something must be overcome, that ob- 
stacles must be surmounted in order to reach the true 
religious ideal. This notion fin'ds ready response in 
our individual minds; reflection on one's experience 
brings him the conclusion that it requires an effort 
against internal or external forces to achieve any suc- 

Do we inherit a tendency to engage in conflict? 
Hobhouse (Morals in Evolution, Vol. I., p. 241) in- 
sists that " man being a pugnacious creature, it is 
natural that they [groups] should in the absence of 
any external influence, be frequently in a condition of 
strife." Thorndike, McDougall and others have fol- 
lowed the example of William James in mapping 
out a detailed schedule of human instincts — one of 
these being the pugnacious. 

Why do we thrill at a football game, foot race, or 
a fight for prohibition at a city election? Why does 
Sunday-school attendance swell when a contest is on? 
Why do our fists clench at the thought of a drunken 
ruffian attacking our mother, wife, sister or sweet- 

Self-preservation is the first law of nature; the 
will to live is strong in all healthy, normal persons; 
sympathy for others would also appear to operate. 
The problem is set but not solved ; however, it seems 
reasonable to suppose that since human beings must 
live together on this planet, their natural endowment 
should in some way fit them for this life. While we 
may maintain a healthy skepticism of instinct schemes, 
it can hardly be disputed that man at least has a 
capacity for conflict, whether inborn or developed 
in early childhood. 
B- Conflict Is Natural and Normal. 

If all were just alike, if all people's ideas and 
experiences were the same, if struggle and ad- 
justments were unnecessary, this would be a static 

and uninteresting world. Originality, rivalry and 
competition are necessary to enrich life. Society 
then becomes complex, much like the familiar relation 
between cats and stock-raising : the cats keep down 
the mice which destroy the nests of the bumblebees 
which fertilize the blossoms of the clover that fattens 
the cattle. 

Conflict need not be purely the physical combat 
with the forces of nature ; it may be emotional or in- 
tellectual, as in art, science or religion. Conflict need 
not be destructive ; a debate may simply destroy ar- 
gument, or it may be an inspiration to the discovery of 
new truth, as in a discussion. Conflict need not be 
carried on with an external force; it may be internal, 
the struggle of ideas in the human mind. Self-expres- 
sion is always greatest when conflict refines the de- 
sires and makes possible living on a higher level. 

Is it possible to " be carried to the skies on flowery 
beds of ease " ? A very rich man decided that his 
son should have the blessings of poverty; that is, 
character and success must be achieved by constructive 
conflict, by " rising on the stepping-stones of our dead 
selves to higher things." 

Conflict is normal physiologically : it is a common 
truism that muscular and constitutional strength come 
by pitting the physique against obstacles in work or 
play. Conflict is normal psychologically: after wres- 
tling with a problem for hours or weeks, the mental 
endurance and vigor developed are even more valu- 
able than the solution. Conflict is normal sociologi- 
cally: association of individuals or groups brings 
about a wholesome interplay of ideas and a friendly 
rivalry between personalities which results in the finest 
type of moral education. 

The struggle for existence and the survival of the 
fittest in the biological world is only a small part of 
conflict in general. This little gleam of truth has 
been overemphasized and extended ad nauseam. Con- 
flict, or face-to-face competition, need not be extremely 
fierce and unfair. Then, too, conflict is only one of 
the many activities in which human nature expresses 
itself. Cooperation, for example, plays a much larger 
part in the drama of life. Conflict keeps society from 
becoming stagnant, static and effeminate; but, of 
course, doesn't explain everything. 

What relation does conflict have to war? Is war 
necessary to develop the manly virtues? What is 
war? Answers will be attempted in the next article. 
An Irishman was entering this country; an officer 
on Ellis Island questioned him about his political be- 
liefs. "Is there a government here?" he asked. 
" Yes," was the reply. " Then I'm agin' it," he quickly 
responded. Let us hope that we who are against war 
can give more of a reason for the faith which lies 
within us. 

Brooklyn, N. Y. 

his ideas and principles; men who were filled with his 
convictions, aspirations, affections and spirit; men who 
were energized by his might and dynamic. The twelve 
disciples would not be called great men speaking in the 
fashion of the men of this world, but the very fact that 
they were unspoiled by human philosophy and tradi- 
tional religion fitted them for receiving as teachable 
disciples the simple words of Jesus. 

Now one of these men whom Jesus selected to help 
him in his mission of redemption was an old Jew. His 
name was Matthew. One of the main roads of north- 
ern Palestine was that leading from Damascus along 
the north end of the Sea of Galilee to Acre on the 
Mediterranean. A customs office was situated on this 
road on the boundary between the territory of Philip 
the Tetrarch and Herod. It was, therefore. Matthew's 
job to examine the goods that passed this office, and 
levy and collect a tariff. No one in those days was de- 
spised more heartily than a tax-collector. Imagine 
Matthew's surprise one day to hear the much talked 
about young Prophet of Galilee say to him personally, 
" Matthew, follow me " ! 

Matthew, in one respect at least, was the most ca- 
pable of the twelve disciples. He was not so influen- 
tial as Peter, nor so lovable as John, nevertheless he 
has made a large contribution to Christianity. Dr. 
Whyte once said: "When Matthew rose up, left all 
and followed our Lord, the only thing he took with 
him out of his old occupation was his pen and ink." 
Under the inspiration of his Lord, he used the pen and 
ink so well that his book has blessed the lives of mil- 
lions of Christians, and will continue to do so down 
through the ages. 
Washington, D. C. 

The Old Jew Who Quit Making Money 


In Four Parts — P art One 

I. Introductory 

The call of the Twelve Disciples was not only one 
of the most important events in the ministry of Jesus 
and the founding of the Kingdom, but was also of 
colossal pertinency in the history of the world. By 
calling these plain men and saturating them with his 
convictions and spirit Jesus set in motion a process 
that was destined to completely change the history of 
the world. He set afoot a movement which some day 
will cause every knee to bow to him, and every tongue 
to confess him Lord. 

It is significant to observe that all leaders must have 
good helpers, and the greater a man's ability and the 
higher up in position and responsibility and service the 
more dependent he is on others who must aid in car- 
rying out his plans and purposes. The general in the 
army must have soldiers ; the president must have his 
cabinet; the employer must have employees; the think- 
er must have disciples who will spread his profound 
thoughts; Christ depended much on his disciples, and 
on one occasion needed'a donkey and sent for one. 

Jesus needed men who were taught and trained in 

The Simple Life 


The simple life, what is it? How much does it 
embody? Have we as a church embraced it in its 
entirety or have we been, and are we still, lopsided in 
our views and actions in the matter of simplicity? 
When our church forefathers saw the wisdom and 
necessity of inculcating simplicity as one of the strong 
planks in our church foundation how much did they 
mean for the term " simplicity " or the " simple life " 
to convey? Since giving the matter a little study and 
making some observations I wonder whether we are 
carrying out the principles that were laid down by 
Christ and endorsed by our early church leaders, or 
whether we are not clinging to the term and observing 
some phases of it to' the utter neglect of some equally 
important measures. 

Is it not a well known fact that to many of us the 
term "simple life" presents but one picture or car- 
ries but one thought, and that is, personal appearance? 
Does the term apply any more to our bodily adorn- 
ment than it does to our everyday life and conduct or 
business methods and ways of spending our time and 
energy and money and talents? Observing some of 
our most conscientious people along this line we are 
forced to admit that it does not seem to embrace these 
things just mentioned. May I cite a few concrete ex- 
amples that have come under my observation to illus- 
trate what I mean ? 

Some time ago it was my privilege to meet and be- 
come personally acquainted with a very conscientious 
sister who was and is an ardent advocate of the simple 
life. She is a devoted church worker and does much 
for the advancement of the Kingdom. In personal 
appearance she is the acme of neatness and plainness, 
absolutely denying herself any form of superflous 
adornment and clinging tenaciously to the teachings 
of the early church fathers along this particular line. 
Imagine my surprise when I came in touch with her 
home and its surroundings and found what I did. A 
large, well-kept farm with many commodious build- 
ings, modern equipment everywhere, electric lights, 
splendid live stock and poultry, beautiful shrubbery. 
sun parlors, den, rugs, curtains, piano, victrola, radio — 
in fact a home which would have been beyond the wild- 
est flights of the imagination of any of our church fa- 
thers was hers, and yet with all the expense and care 

(Omtiaued •> Pil* 42) 


Wasting the Lord's Goods 


It is hard for a man to convince himself that he 
owns nothing, that all which he possesses belongs to 

the Lord and he himself is only a steward to use it 
for the Lord, and that if he wastes this goods sooner 
or later he must hear the sentence which was given to 
the steward in the parable : " Thou canst be steward 
no longer." The worldly theory, " It is mine and I 
can do with it as I please," lis deep-seated in the 
human heart and cannot easily be eradicated. 

When a solicitor fails to get as much money as he 
thinks he should have he is usually prepared to tell 
how much is wasted in our country every year on - 
liquor, tobacco, luxuries, amusement, unnecessary 
adornment and on many other things. Sometimes he 
forgets that our people do not indulge in most of 
these things, and are, perhaps, not quite so wasteful 
as he implies. But there is one drain which affects our 
people more than most of those he mentions, and one 
to which he never refers. This is the costly monu- 
ments that are erected to mark the graves of our dead. 
It is right and good to show a proper respect for the 
dear ones who have departed by marking their rest- 
ing place, but this does not require large and ex- 
pensive monuments. This is wasting the Lord's goods 
which he has entrusted into our hands to be used to 
his honor and for the good of his cause. 

Having the privilege of attending this year's Con- 
ference at Winona Lake wife and I spent several 
months visiting the Indiana homeland, friends, scenes 
and churches so w r ell known in the long ago. We had 
been gone for thirty years, with only now and then a 
hurried visit. We found that everything had changed. 
Some of the churches had become strong and prosper- 
ous ; in others the congregations were small and seemed 
a little discouraged. Most of the familiar faces of long 
ago were there no more, while the few friends who 
remained were old and gray-haired. When we failed 
to find the beloved faces among the worshipers we 
found their names engraved on the monuments in the 
adjoining cemetery. May they be as plainly written 
in the Lamb's Bouk of Life! Whether the church 
grows and, prospers or not, the work of the sexton does 
not cease, and the population of the City of the Dead 
becomes larger and larger. 

The graves of those who were laid away a genera- 
tion or more ago were marked by a small white slab, 
with name and age and date of death upon it. Many 
who have passed away in recent years sleep under the 
shadow of a costly monument, which tells just the 
same sad story ; they lived, they died, they are with 
us no more. We were made to wonder what was 
found wanting in the plain little slab, so touching in 
its simplicity, so unchanging, so time-defying? Surely 
when the archangel's trump shall sound there can be 
no danger that the piercing, life-giving call will not 
reach every saint who sleeps in Jesus. The humble, 
nameless, sunken, briar-covered grave, so lonely and 
forgotten, will open just as readily as the one marked 
by the proudest monument ever reared tp human 

In company with a lineal descendant of Eld. Daniel 
Cripe, the first minister of the Church of the Breth- 
ren to locate in Northern Indiana, we stood by his 
humble grave. He selected a farm mostly in the beau- 
tiful Elkhart prairie, and built his house in a fringe 
of timber near the river at as lovely a spot as a pio- 
neer ever found in the wilderness. -This is several miles 
south of where the city of Goshen now stands. He lo- 
cated here about 1829, or nearly one hundred years 
ago. He had a large family and his descendants are 
numerous, both in Indiana and elsewhere. Here he 
lived for almost thirty years ; with what ability he 
preached the Gospel we do not know, but that part 
of the country is now thickly dotted over with 

This pioneer died at the age of eighty-seven years, 
and is buried in a small burying ground on his home 
farm. He lies by the side of his wife, who preceded 
him seventeen years. Their graves are marked by 
small marble slabs, nine inches wide and three inches 
thick, and a little over two feet high. It is all that 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 16, 1926 

is needed, and no monument could add to the grandeur 
of such lives. 

In another cemetery, a -large one, we stood by a 
grave where another aged elder had recently been laid 
away. The marker at this grave was more impressive 
by its very simplicity than any monument that was 
reared around it. It was a simple rough stone, almost 
round, perhaps selected by his own hands for this pur- 
pose from the field he had long tilled. Its weight 
was such as two strong men could have carried, and 
it was securely planted in a small concrete foundation. 
On a face made smooth by the stone cutter was en- 
graved the name, age and date of death, which is all 
that any monument needs to tell. Such a stone is dur- 
able, almost as Time, and will long outlast the sorrow 
which placed it there, or any regret the world may feel 
at losing the one who lies beneath it. 

As followers of him who was content to sleep in 
a borrowed tomb, that did not even bear his name, 
it were well if we could show the, same indifference 
of the place of rest our Savior did, the same contempt 
for the grave which can hold its tenant for a little 
space of time, but which must sooner or later give up 
its dead. To erect monuments at the grave that seem 
to be made to endure through eternity looks as though 

Condition of Mission Treasury 
January 1, 1926 

Deficit on December 1, 1925 $31,885.24 

Expenses for December 27,434.47 

Less Income for December 40,084.90 

Deficit on January 1, 1926 $19,234.81 

we considered the tomb an everlasting home and had 
no hope of a glorious resurrection morning. 

We visited a large cemetery that included fields 
and wooded hills, just recently laid out, which is in- 
tended as a burying place for rich and poor, for city 
and for country people. The rules governing this 
" God's Acre " are that only one monument is per- 
mitted to be erected on a lot, but each grave is marked 
by a small stone sunk into the ground so low that a 
lawn mower can pass over it. This is a beautiful cus- 
tom and far more appropriate than to have the ground 
thickly studded with big and glaring monuments, as 
if each one was trying to outdo his neighbor, even on 
this field of death. 

It would become us as humble Christian people to 
set an example of meekness and humility by thus 
marking graves in this simple manner, using for the 
monument a rude stone from the field with the neces- 
sary inscription upon it. This would be much more 
fitting than to be blindly rushing after the worldly 
fashion — following afar off, it may be — and before 
we have quite caught up with it learning that the 
fashion has changed. 

Such a course would also save us from wasting 
much of the Lord's goods, enabling us to use them in 
a way that would be far more pleasing to him to whom 
all things belong. 

Thomas, Okla. , 9 , 

The Joy of Giving 


According to the best of my recollection, the happi- 
est person I ever knew was an old Quaker lady. She 
dressed plainly, always wore a plain white cap like 
our old sisters and a plain Quaker bonnet. She and her 
husband had a stare for many years in Chestnut 
Street. Philadelphia, where they were very prosperous 
and accumulated great wealth. They had no children 
and when her husband died he left this great fortune 
to his wife. She decided to spend the greater part in 
charities. She had two faithful clerks to whom she 
entrusted the care of her wealtn and she started out 
to travel and search out worthy objects and persons 

whom she might assist and relieve. She found many. 
Whenever she helped anyone in distress that one was 
made very happy. By the law of reciprocity the joy 
that was created in the heart of the recipient was re- 
flected in the heart of the old lady so that she was 
all the time smiling. It was said that she was ■swim- 
ming in happiness. 

The joy of giving may be noticed in a little child 
when some coins are given to it to be placed on the 
contribution plate. The child feels that it has done 
something important and is filled with joy. 

When money is given to the boys and girls in the 
Sunday-school to invest that the proceeds may be 
given to some mission it is a pleasure to them to watch 
the income of their investment during the summer, 
then in the fall of the year when they deliver their 
earnings what a joy it is to feel that they have done 
something worth while. We never knew any one who ■ 
practiced tithing who did not receive great joy from 
giving one-tenth of his income to the Lord. If all who 
have means would know the joy of giving we would 
never have a deficit in our missionary account. 

It must have given great joy to the Savior when 
he healed so many sick and afflicted and they rejoiced 
and thanked him ; thus he could truly say : " It is more 
blessed to give than to receive." 

Frulta, Colo. , , , 



There is a story told of an old man who had lived 
alone for many years. After his death his room was 
found littered with pieces of paper on which he had 
figured out how long he could live on his money laid 
away, should ill health overtake him. He had evidently 
written and rewritten over the matter, wondering 
where he could cut down expense, and save a few 
cents, thus making his money last longer. When he 
died he left more money than he had ever had at any 
time before, so that all his anxiety had been for 
naught. He had been burdened with the thought of a 
trouble which never overtook him. 

In Numbers, chapter 13, there is the story of the 
men whom Moses sent forward to find out and report 
what were the prospects for settlement in Palestine. 
•-.The report which the spies brought back was, in the 
main, a woeful account. They failed to see the things 
of beauty and the amazing fruitfulness and fertility 
of the land. The hills dotted with well-fed flocks and 
the promise of even greater things did not arrest their 
attention. They simply saw the giants — they were blind 
to everything else. 

Rev. F. W. Boreham points out that, after the Is- 
raelites did enter the land nothing was ever seen or 
heard about these giants. He says : " What happened 
was this: the spies crossed the border and the peas- 
ants told them hair-raising stories about the ferocity 
of the bandits— robWs who occasionally swept down 
upon the rural districts, levying v toll on all the farms, 
vineyards and orchards. Some of these bandits were 
probably tall men — perhaps seven feet— but to the 
terrified peasants they seemed to be ten feet, and when 
they came to tell the story, they made it twelve feet." 
There are some things which ought not to enter into 
the work of today. The things of yesterday should not 
be allowed to become a source of worry. Then again, 
the things of tomorrow should be left until tomorrow 
comes. The greater part of the misery which comes 
to the human race, comes not from the actual presence 
of trouble, but from the dread of it. So many try to 
cross their bridges before they come to them. The 
apprehension of what may happen causes nervous 
strength to be worn, peace destroyed, happiness ruined 
and lives shortened. Useless worry is the rust upon 
the wheels of life, and it is calculated to do more 
harm to the machinery than any amount of hard work. 
A distinguished American preacher suggests that a 
new degree ought to be conferred upon deserving 
people—the degree of D. W.—" Don't Worry." It 
would certainly be a better world in every way, if 
more people were entitled to that degree. 
Toronto, Canada. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 16, 1926 


Our Forward Movement 

Edited by J. W. Lear 

-al Director of the Council of Promotion 

Our Inherited Stewardship — Continued 

//. Stewardship of Divine Purpose. Nothing can 
be more sure than that there is an eternal purpose. 
There is design in creation. A superintelligence 
and an unspeakable emotion fashioned the universe. 
Its expanse produces awe and its minutiae, inspire 
wonder and devotion. The accommodation of nature 
and the interrelation of the parts to each other are 
the marvel of the student of science. " The heavens 
declare the glory of God and the firmament showeth 
his handiwork.'' " Worthy art thou, our Lord and 
our God, to receive the glory and the honor and the 
power: for thou didst create all things, and be- 
cause of thy will they were, and were created " (Rev. 

The material universe glorifies the Creator under 
the dominion and subjugation of man. Man was 
created to fill the earth and make all nature rejoice 
and praise the Creator. But today the whole creation 
groaneth and travaileth because man failed in the 
eternal purpose of his Creator. Although God's pur- 
pose was thwarted through man's disobedience and 
failure to subject in righteousness that over which 
he was given dominion we discover a redemptive 
purpose which God made to abound toward man that 
atones for man's failures, revealing unto man the _ 
mystery of his will which- he purposed in Christ. 
So while we do not now see all the creation of God 
subjected to man, " We behold Jesus because of the 
suffering of death crowned with glory and honor. 
For it became him, for whom are all things, and 
through whom are all things in bringing many sons 
into glory to make the author of their salvation per- 
fect through sufferings." 

The Creator became a creature so that being tempted 
as men without sin he might succor them that are 
tempted and become the Captain qf their salvation 
and the Author and Finisher of their faith. In this 
mysterious dispensation of God the unsearchable 
riches of the eternal purpose in Christ Jesus are to be 
made known through the church. The Infinite became 
an Infant that he might dwell among men and save 
them from their sins. 

This eternal purpose in which our inheritance is 
revealed and which unfolds man's salvation was a 
great concern of the Old Testament prophets. They 
searched for the time and the manner of Christ's 
suffering and the glory that would follow only to be 
told that it would not be in their day. The angels 
also were wonderfully interested in the glory of this 
purpose and .desired to investigate. We now are the 
recipients of this amazing purpose, having had it re- 
vealed to us by men filled with the Holy Spirit. 

This great purpose of God is the believer's inherit- 
ance. But God's grace abounds to all men for " the 
Lord is not slack concerning his promise, as some 
count slackness; but he is longsuffering to you-ward, 
not wishing that any should perish but that all should 
come to repentance." Because of this universal pur- 
pose of the Father, the Son said to the church : " Go 
ye into all the world, and preach the Gospel to the 
whole creation." God expects to publish the " good 
news " of his eternal purpose in Christ the Head of 
the church through the church which is his body. Paul 
sensed this responsibility and therefore said : " We 
are ambassadors on behalf of Christ, as though God 
were entreating by us; we beseech you on behalf of 
Christ, be ye reconciled to God." 

A great stewardship has thus been entrusted to the 
believers. They are stewards of " the manifold grace " 
and " the mysteries of God." This " mystery " must 
be revealed and this " grace " must be ministered. 
To neglect or become indifferent is criminal. The in- 
herited purpose of God in Christ is both an asset and 
a liability. It is an asset only as one undertakes the 
liability. To enjoy the purpose of God one must tell 
that purpose to others. " To have is to owe." The 
purpose of God in Christ is not a " dead sea " but 

a river of "living water." Jesus said: "If any man 
thirst let him come unto me and drink. He that be- 
lieveth on me, as the Scripture hath satd, from within 
him shall flow rivers of living water." 

In Christ Jesus, then, God purposes to save every- 
body who is willing to believe. " God is no respecter 
of persons: but in every nation he that fearcth 
him, and worketh righteousness is acceptable to 
him'" (Acts 10:34). By being a faithful, obedient 
steward of God's grace Peter discovered a larger 
purpose in God's plan. Probably fur the first time , 
Peter discovered that God was international in his 
election. Jesus said " zvhosocver believeth," and Paul, 
who had accepted the liability entailed in the steward- 
ship of God's purpose, said: "How shall they call 
on him in whom they have not believed ? and how 
shall they believe in him of whom they have not heard? 
and how shall they hear without a preacher? and how 
shall they preach, except they be sent?" 

The church that is not evangelistic and missionary 
has failed to discover the heart of God's purpose. 
Our Father exhibited a marvelous expression of love 
for sinful humanity at the cross. Jesus went to the 
cross at the command of the Father and became a 
willing sacrifice on behalf of sinful man. " Him who 
knew no sin he made to be sin on our behalf; that 
we might become the righteousness of God in him." 
Paul to the Colossians expressed a deep sense of grati- 
tude when he said: " Giving thanks unto the Father, 
who made us meet to be partakers of the inheritance 
of the saints in light, who delivered us out of the 
power of darkness, and translated us into the king- 
dom of the Son of his love; in whom we have our 
redemption, the forgiveness of sins." • Such an elabo- 
rate and sanctifying purpose deserves the widest publi- 
cation and all the more so in that there is nothing men 
and women need so much. The sins of the race can 
be expiated only by fellowship in Christ's death, and 
a new day of righteousness can be enjoyed only by 
fellowship in his life. For the church to withhold 
Christ from the world is to assist Satan hide the pur- 
pose of God from needy men and women. And such 
an act on the part of believers must merit the sore 
displeasure of the Father. 

The purpose of God to salvage a lost humanity 
was taken seriously by our Lord. The letter to the 
Philippians puts it thus: "Who existing in the form 
of God counted not the being 'on an equality with 
God a thing to be grasped, but emptied himself, taking 
the .form of a servant, being made in the likeness of 
men; and being found in fashion as a man, he humbled 
himself, becoming obedient unto death, yea, the death 
of the cross." The greatest manifestation of God's 
loving purpose was ^enacted on Calvary. "God so 
loved the world that he gave his only begotten Son." 
" For it was the good pleasure of the Father that in 
him should all the fullness dwell: and through him 
~to reconcile all things unto himself, having made peace 
through the blood of the cross." In harmony there- 
fore with that great purpose of the Father the Son 
became obedient to the death of the cross. His going 
to the cross was a voluntary choice in harmony with 
the commandment of his Father (John 10: 17, 18) in 
order that the enmity in men's hearts toward God 
and their fellows might be slain and that the " peace 
which passeth understanding " might be made known 
" for through him " all men have .access in one Spirit 
unto the Father. 

The church as the body of Christ has inherited the 
responsibility of making known this purpose. Jesus, 
the Head of the church, talked to his Father thus: 
" As thou didst send me into the world, even so I 
sent them into the world. . . . Neither for 
these only do I pray, but for them also that believe 
on me through their word. . . . That the world 
may believe that thou didst send me." To the twelve 
and through them to us he said: "Ye shall be my 
witnesses both in Jerusalem, and in all Judaea and 

Samaria, and unto the uttermost parts of the earth." 
Is the Church of the Brethren faithful in propa- 
gating this eternal purpose which the Father revealed 
in his Son? To neglect to receive this great salvation 
for oneself means to abide in death. To neglect to , 
publish it after having received it is criminal negli- 
gence and will produce a forfeiture of personal bless- 
ings if it dues not mean a reverting to the once lost 
condition. A noted Hindu said that the Christian 
people uf America had been inoculated with a mild 
form of Christianity which made them immune to 
the genuine article. Can this be said of our denomina- 
tion? How much are we willing to sacrifice to make 
Christ and his Gospel known to the unsaved? A 
stewardship of < md's purpose in Christ Jesus is ours. 
1 1 is required in stewards that a man be found faith- 
ful." Can we say with Paul: "As much as in me 
is I am ready " ? As members of the body we should 
have a like passion as our Head, "who came not to 
be ministered unto but to minister." Brethren, let us 
go forth bearing our cross and lifting him up that 
he may draw nun unto himself and thus reconcile, 
them to the Father. 

The 1926 "Yearbook" 

Fob reasons lies! known to those who prepared copy 
and assembled it for publication, the "Yearbook" is 
about three weeks later in making its appearance than 
we had intended it should he. No one knows, except 
those who have had experience, just what it means to 
get correct data for the" Ministerial List" and the sec- 
tion called "Churches with Pastors and Elders in 

The Brethren Publishing l-Iouse is now ready to 
fill orders, however. The "Yearbook" has many 
valuable features and should he read by all members 
of the church. The members id" District organizations 
should have a copy for study and reference. A report 
of the fourth meeting of the District Mission Boards, 
held at Winona Lake (1925), is in the "Yearbook" 
and ought l" furnish splendid suggestions for all mem- 
bers of Boards, Members of District Boards should 
make one u\' their number responsible for keeping the 
General Boards advised as to changes in the personnel 
as well as the organization of the Boards. We are 
reasonably sure that there are a number of errors 
both of omission and commission for which the Dis- 
trict Boards are responsible. The General Boards can 
only tabulate what is sent In. 

The General Ministerial Board spent much time in 
an endeavor to correct the Ministerial List. Then a 
number in the office spent whole days doing what the 
Board had not yet accomplished, and now we are 
reasonably sure that mistakes occur. The General 
Board depends largely on the District Ministerial 
Boards, but evidently some of the District Boards do 
not have a [dan to gel .1 correct tabulation of ministers 
if we are to judge by the many changes we must 
make in their prepared lists. Some of you may think 
it makes nu difference, but if you could read some of 
the censure that the General Director gets for the 
discrepancies in this list you might think otherwise. 
Then, too, what is worth doing at all is worth doing 

Every minister, of course, will want a copy of the 
" Yearbook " fur his tiles. Each should be interested 
in the correctness of name and address. If you do nut 
find your name, or if there is some mistake in spelling 
..r address, do not write our office; please find out 
who the secretary of your District Ministerial Board is 
and write him requesting that he be more faithful in 
tabulating and filing the names of the ministers of the 
District. May I say in this collection, however, that 
changes in address which reach our office later than 
Nov. 15 will be too late to get recognition. There must 
be a limit and that is our date. 

May I ask these questions in the hope that the 
readers of the " Yearbook" may write us: 

1. What changes would you make if you were edit- 
in- the " Yearbook" ? 

2. Is there a real necessity for its publication? 
Why ? 

3. Would there be any advantage in the names of 
ministers beiny listed by States? Why? 



The Pastor's Challenge 

I. Our Conduct as a Denomination 

There are times when a change of emphasis is not 
only restful but desirable. Human nature is so con- 
stituted that we usually become absorbed in one in- 
terest to the neglect of others. It is even possible for 
a minor interest to crowd out a major interest and 
cause us to forget it entirely. This of itself is quite 
serious; but is, in reality, the smaller part of the mis- 
fortune which follows, and especially in the religious 
life. In religion every principle and every virtue is 
inseparably related to all other principles and virtues. 
Hence, to become absorbed in a particular interest 
means' not only the neglect of other interests and a 
consequent loss in those particular areas of growth 
and expression; but such an attitude actually results 
in the undoing of that interest in which we have be- 
come absorbed. The reason has already been sug- 
gested. Other reasons are very evident. We soon be- 
come a slave to one interest instead of becoming a 
master spirit in the midst of many interests. Our 
special interest soon becomes a fad and fads are fatal 
to a healthful religious experience. Such a restric- 
tion of emphasis invariably results in narrowness at 
all points and such an attitude renders progress and 
service impossible. 

A brief review of our own denomination in the re- 
cent years from this angle will be interesting and 
should furnish us with some fruitful suggestions. We 
discover, first, that our emphasis of interest has shift- 
ed a number of times even in recent years. Each 
period of emphasis has gathered around some im- 
portant principle as we think in terms of a well bal- 
anced religious program; but none of these various 
points of emphasis could lay claim to outstanding 
merit as we measure them in their relation to the 
general vital principles of Christianity. They have 
merely represented partial aspects of a complete whole, 
and when we combine all of these specialized points 
of denominational emphasis we are still far from hav- 
ing a complete emphasis if we take the daily life of 
our Christ as a standard of valuation. These statements 
do not offer any criticism as to any point of past 
emphasis but rather do they hope to solicit a new 
interest in behalf of a more complete emphasis as we 
face the future of our denomination in terms of per- 
sonal as well as group development and service. 

Our line of thought has naturally brought us to 
face a common question which demands much serious 
thought. What adjustments of emphasis do we as 
a denomination need to make in order to give us a 
balanced program that will bring us up to that virile 
and vigorous type 1 of life which we should have as 
a result of our commitment to the Christ way of 
living? Should we give less emphasis to those ideals 
which we have recently held up rather conspicuously 
and turn our attention to other points of interest or 
what course shall we follow ? Here is a real challenge 
to every leader in the Christian church. It is a chal- 
lenge that calls for our best thought and closest at- 

Whatever our conclusions may be it is quite evi- 
dent that we shall need to discover what a complete 
emphasis involves and then join wholeheartedly in 
an effort to bring about such an emphasis in our own 
denomination. The field of discovery is always inter- 
esting and usually involves much of the spirit of dar- 
ing. This will undoubtedly be true if we resolutely 
set about to discover that balance of emphasis which 
Jesus presented in his own life — a life which was lived 
in our midst purely as a means of revealing and mak- 
ing possible such an emphasis in our own experience 
as we actually endorse and follow his way of life. 
Certain questions are inevitable. What were the out- 
standing attitudes and habits in the life of Jesus that 
made him winsomely different from other men? What 
were the special ideals which Jesus constantly held 
up before his students as he patiently led them step 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 16, 1926 

by step through a course of training that would easily 
surpass the most thorough college course that might be 
found in our day? What were the vital lessons that 
Jesus longed to have his -accredited graduates teach as 
they went out into the wide world to touch the lives 
of men and women in all the walks of life? What are 
the big gripping interests that should dominate in our 
denomination and in the program of every church in 
our circle of activity? 

Without question we need a certain amount of em- 
phasis from the angle of doctrines and ordinances. 
The urge of the simple life in all its varied applications 
should be kept consistently before us. Our missionary 
interests should be intelligently intensified. We seri- 
ously need a broader appreciation of the value of 
Christian education. The layman movement deserves 
a larger support and many other interests lay claim to 

(Continued on Page 42) 

The Root and Fruit of Doubt 


" If any man willeth to do his will, he shall know " 
(John 7:17). 

" He that doubteth is damned if ... " (Rom. 

The fruit of doubt is don't ; but the root of doubt is 

Doubt and fear and pain are closely akin, and have 
very much the same office or function. The distinction 
between them is, that doubt is intellectual, fear is 
volitional, and pain is physiological. In other words 
doubt is intellectual pain ; fear is pain of the will. 

Now, pain of whatever kind, is always disturbing, 
annoying — never satisfying. In fact, its function is 
to make us dissatisfied with present conditions, and to 
arouse us to alter them so that normal satisfaction 
will again be possible. 

So he that nurses his doubts, and broods over his 
fears is as much a candidate for the psychopathic hos- 
pital, as he who takes a morbid satisfaction in his 
physical misery. 

The Fruit of Doubt Is Don't 

Doubt is the mother of fear on the intellectual side, 
just as pain is on the physiological side. And so doubt 
paralyzes the will and prevents action, or partially 
cripples it. In fact, the function of doubt is to inhibit 
action until we have further knowledge. 

We are taught that a man may " believe a lie and be 
damned." In this case, it is perfectly legitimate to 
raise a doubt concerning a belief that is damning, or 
deceptive, or essentially false. This is the true province 
of doubt, but its function is always destruction. 

But when doubt destroys true faith — be it ever so 
humble — in any truth that men live by, in ever so small 
a measure, then doubt itself becomes damning. There- 
fore, doubt is the great traitor to human welfare — 
the paralysis of good. 

In the days of Robert Ingersoll, the atheist and 
blatant infidel lecturer, Henry Ward Beecher was the 
greatest preacher in America. One time they met in 
conversation. After Mr. Ingersoll's attack, Beecher 
quietly told this story : " The other day I was walking 
down the street. It was a rainy day. The street was 
muddy. A crippled woman was trying to get across 
the street on crutches, making her way as best she 
could. Then all at once, a big burly fellow, coming 
across the street, met her, and knocked her crutches 
out from under her, and the lady fell into the mud 
puddle, while he went on rubbing his hands in glee." 
Mr. Ingersoll impulsively, and right out of his heart, 
cried: "The brute! " Then Mr. Beecher calmly said: 
" The crippled lady making her way with crutches 
across the street is humanity leaning on the crutches of 
its faith, and you, Mr. Ingersoll, are the burly ruffian, 
who knocks her crutches out from under her. " And 
so he who destroys any man's faith is a traitor to 
his best interests; while he who cultivates a man's 
faith is his greatest benefactor. 

In a recent course with a class on the Pedagogy of 
Jesus, we have carefully been studying every incident 
in the life of Christ, with reference to his teaching 
aims and methods. It is astonishing to note that Jesus 
was much more concerned about cultivating a man's 
faith than his knowledge. To the woman who came 

up and touched the hem of his garment, he said : " Oh, 
daughter, great is thy faith. Thy faith hath saved 
thee." To the blind men who approached him, he 
said: "Believe ye that 1 can do this? According to 
your faith be it done'untd you." To the hesitating 
man with his son, he said : " All things are possible to 
him that believeth." He reassured the hesitating leper; 
he spoke even to the deaf-mute in such a way that he 
could understand, in order to arouse his faith in God. 
He put his finger on the weak spot in men's faith and 
roused it to action, and nursed it. to strength. 

Chicago, III. , . , 

Divine Preservation 

"Who shall harm us if we be followers of that which is 
good" (1 Peter 3 : 13) ? 

Here is a life preserver. Here Is safety. Here is 
security. Here is the shadow of his wings. Here is 
the secret place. Here a never sleeping, watchful eye 
is on guard. Here is the place where a strong arm is 
our defense. Here is where the angelic host encamps 
round about us, and delivers us. 

Ah, but this place is not found in hiding away some- 
where, in seeking shelter, in housing ourselves, in in- 
activity, in avoiding cares and burdens, and in taking 
good care of ourselves. 

No, but hear this grand assuring promise : " Who 
shall harm you if you be a follower of that which is 
good?" Yes, that is the place— in the line of duty. 
This is to enlist God on our side. It may mean that we 
will have the world and men against us, even as the 
hosts of evil will be against us, but what matters that if 
God be for us, if the omnipotent hand is our wall of de- 
fense ? 

To follow that which is good will require vision, and 
faith and courage. It may take us into paths of 
danger, bring to us unpleasant tasks — where we may 
have burdens, where we are misunderstood, misjudged, 
misrepresented ; it may take us among false brethren, 
and open foes and enemies ; but who or what shall 
harm you if ye be followers of that which is good? 
Evil men may assail you : they may say sharp, cut- 
ting things ; the arrows may fly, the fiery darts may be 
hurled, but safe art thou where thy God has called 
thee. Elsewhere, no matter how promising the way, 
there is sure to be failure and disaster. But they who 
follow that which is good carry the guarantee of di- 
vine protection, security and safe passage until the 
appointed task is finished. 

It was thus that Paul kept the faith, finished his 
course, and completed his work. 

" Where duty calls, or danger, 
Be never wanting there." 

This is not the line of least resistance. 
Milford, Nebr. 

The Anger of God 


Apart from careful thinking we may say that God 
does not possess the faculty of anger, but a moment's 
deliberation will show us the utter impossibility of 
that belief. If God is actively righteous he could not 
maintain a passive or indifferent attitude toward evil. 
God is righteous in his judgments. He condemns and 
destroys evil. Evil is opposed to God. There is the 
long continued conflict between good and evil. It is 
significant for our thinking that we believe that the 
universe is organized on the side of good, and that the 
great power back of the universe is not indifferent to 
good and evil. We believe that evil men and evil na- 
tions will reap a harvest of evil, and that falsehood 
and evil carry seeds of their own destruction, in the 
long run. There is a certain inherent vitality in right, 
and a certain definite weakness in evil. There is a cre- 
ative aspect in goodness and a destructive element in 

So the Christian conception presents a God who is 
actively opposed to evil and supremely engaged in the 
production of good. How could we call him Cod if 
he did not hate evil? 

Springfield, 111. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 16, 1926 



The Hour of Worship 

When the daily toil is ended, 

And the evening shadows fall. 
Then we gather round the hearth-stone, 

Where sweet peace reigns over all. 

There our gentle mother smiling, 

And dear father brave and strong, 

Teach us with unceasing patience, 

That we know the right from wrong. 

Then from the old, thumb-worn Bible, 
Is read the chapter for the night, 

While" bright angels seem to hover 

Round the glowing, warm lamp-light. 

Then in voice so deep and fervent, 
Earnest prayer invokes his grace, 

Asking for his love and mercy, 
For the men of every race; 

For kind guidance and protection, 

And his blessing on our home, 
That the God of truth be with us, 

Keeping watch where'er we roam. 

Then in unison, the Lord's prayer, 
And the solemn, thoughtful pause, 

When we've finished and are dwelling 
On the holy amen clause. 

How the blessed hour of worship, 
Peace and hope and quiet brings, 

Drawing us in brooding wonder, 
'Neath the shelter of his wings. 

—Louise Hollingsworth Bowman. 

What a Pity! 


" Why so doleful? " Uncle David called out to Pris- 
cilla as she entered the room. Aunt Ella looked up ex- 

Priscilla put down her books methodically before 
she took time to answer his question, then she be- 
gan wearily : 

" I've just had a letter from Nell Brown and she 
has told me some things that don't make good read- 

"What, do you mean to tell me that Nell writes 
letters you are ashamed of ? " asked Uncle David teas- 

" Uncle David ! You know Nell better than that," 
said Priscilla in an indignant tone. Then catching 
sight of the twinkle in his eye she subsided quickly, 
saying, " I might have known you would say some- 
thing like that." 

Aunt Ella decided it was time for her to try for 
further revelations and remarked diplomatically, " We 
understand him, dear. And what is Nell worried 
about? " 

Priscilla. had managed to spend a few days out of 
each year in the home of her old-time friend, Nell 
Brown. Consequently she was quite well acquainted 
with Nell's friends and had an insight into their dif- 
ficulties and problems. She began slowly : " In the 
Springboro church there is a group of young folks 
whom you would love to know. They are enthusiastic 
about everything they take up. More than that, they 
are sincere in their loyalty. But a few of the older 
folks persistently accuse them of this or that, and do 
it publicly. They blame and do not praise. It is 
pretty hard for Nell with all her loving, buoyant per- 
sonality to act as a buffer between the self-appointed 
critics and the younger element. Things have come 
to a crucial pass. The young people are disheartened 
and feel that if slams are all they are to receive they 
had better quietly withdraw. Uncle David, why is it 
that some must think it their duty to continually nag. 
criticize and tear down?" 

Uncle David was silent as Priscilla paused, he was 
remembering many similar tragedies. Aunt Ella was 
sympathetic. " Isn't it too bad ! " she sighed. 

" Now you've said it. Aunt Ella," answered Priscil- 
la looking up. " It is a pity to always be destructive. 
I remember one boy who came to me in the fourth 

grade. His home training had not been of the best 
kind. And just as sure as some child would make 
something this boy came along and managed to de- 
stroy it. The usual forms of punishment meant noth- 
ing at all to Scott ; day by day he became bolder. Then 
one day he destroyed a boat another boy had made. 
I was determined that Scott should learn his lesson. 
I said to him, ' Scott, you will have to make another 
boat exactly like this one before I will allow you to 
play with the other boys.' He wished me to know 
that he didn't have to comply with my command. I 
said, ' Very well, then you may take your books and go 
home.' That seemed to stun him as well as the ac- 
cusing looks of all in the room. He turned to the 
work of making a boat. Since he had never con- 
structed a boat it was hard for him. But he realized 
that if he wished to be reinstated in the good graces of 
the others he must make good. It was fully three 
weeks before he came in and presented a boat to 
Robert. But you should have seen the look on his 
face ! That boy has never done a destructive act 
since and his teachers are all proud of him." 

"And all because one plucky little teacher was de- 
termined that Scott should learn a lesson 1 " said Uncle 
David with hearty approbation. " But alas, the folks 
who tamper with a human soul! And God can't en- 
trust them with the job of remaking a soul once they 
have destroyed it." 

" But, Uncle David, the very thought is abhorrent 
that professing Christians should be guilty of destruc- 
tion ! " and Pricilla spoke earnestly. 

He nodded gravely, "Ah, that's the pity! Oh, that 
the Lord might enable such folks to see the errors of 
their ways so they might lead instead of antagonizing, 
might help and not hinder, might construct and not 
destroy lives." 
Ft. Seneca, Ohio. 

difficulty which may not be made a source of good if 
we are able to gain such a vision of it. 

A young girl writing to her cousin concerning the 
vows she had assumed as a Christian said : " I want 
to be willing to work wherever the Father wants me. 
If he wants me on earth it is all right, for I love life. 
But if he wants me in heaven, I hope I shall not be 
unwilling to go." 

Is this childlike faith an impossible dream, an im- 
practical ideal in this day of the demand for the in- 
creasingly practical basis of everyday life? We hope 
not. But it conies only as the result of a deep-seated 
conviction in the real Fatherhood of God. To view 
nature as the mother who lulls her child to rest when 
the day's work is ended, is a beautiful and poetic 
thought. But that view alone can never satisfy the 
human soul or seem to meet the needs of universal 
justice. The personal element within us longs for the 
personal touch. At the end of every period of our 
strenuous play as children who must learn to master 
these arts of the builder, we turn for rest, for com- 
fort and encouragement, lor help and guidance, to him 
who said, "Ask and ye shall receive, seek and ye shall 
find. Knock, anil it shall be opened unto you." And, 
when we shall be suddenly, or gradually, overwhelmed 
with weariness, when there is lacking the power to han- 
dle one more block for the completion of the play- 
house we have so fondly loved, we need the child's 
faith to leave it all without a backward look. And, in 
addition to this child's faith we need the man's faith 
that we shall go on building; that we shall build real 
houses when this play weariness is past. 
Emporia, Kans. 

Too Tired to Play 


We have often seen little children at their play, and 
we have been astonished at the seriousness and ear- 
nestness of their efforts. No achievement of mature 
life calls forth more energy, the exercise of more te- 
nacity of purpose than the building of the first block 
house or the successful management of the first dimin- 
utive train of cars. The child will not consider the 
possibility of failure. He is determined to succeed. 

Then, at the very moment when success seems as- 
sured, we have witnessed a strange spectacle. A sud- 
den weariness overcomes the little one. For some 
reason he loses, in an instant, the desire and the power 
for further effort. Even though the placing of one 
more block would complete his house, he abandons 
all effort and runs to his mother. In nine cases out of 
ten he stumbles, in his haste to find the rest and com- 
fort of her arms, and his unfinished building is 
wrecked. He is too tired to play. 

So, it would seem, the child of God should view his 
efforts to build, to achieve, and realize in his earthly 
environment. Not that life is a mere child's play or 
that there is nothing worth while to be accomplished. 
We should love our work. We should have a supreme 
passion for the accomplishment of the task which is 
lined up for our efforts. It is right that we be en- 
grossed, be consumed with eagerness and earnestness 
to finish our building. But let us remember that, as a 
part of the universal order of things, our work is only 
play. The great object of its existence is the power we 
derive from the exercise of our efforts, just as the 
objective of the child's efforts is his own power to 
learn, to master more and larger forces. 

We all know the joy of leaving our work for a 
brief hour of rest and of coming back to it with new 
vision, clearer purpose and a firmer faith in the wis- 
dom of our choice. But, as the simplest things are al- 
ways the hardest to learn, we frequently find it hard 
to attain to that simple faith of the child who relin- 
quishes his task without regret, without a backward 
glance at the structure which has cost a long and 
strenuous effort. We fret and worry and blame others 
for the difficulties we encounter, whe» there is no 

Harmful Censorship 


Seldom docs one listen to an address when there 
is not siime reference made, to the immodest dress 
of women, or to the artificial complexion that tries 
to pass for beauty. But have you noticed in what way 
the references are made? Almost always it is some 
witty (?) joke about the short skirt, the low neck, 
the bare knee, the sleeveless dress, the painted cheek, 
or penciled eyebrow. It is told in a way that brings 
the smile or a roar of laughter from the audience; and 
the speaker feels he has denounced one of the great- 
est modern evils. 

A short time ago I heard a famous speaker tell 
several jokes about the shocking appearance of women. 
The men cheered ami the women laughed. Even those 
women who were living examples of the ones men- 
tioned in the jest laughed too, feeling no doubt that 
they were popular because of the attention they were 

What is the result of such censorship? Is it help- 
ful? No indeed, it is not helpful. It is one of die 
things that arc making the public look more lightly 
upon this indecency. It is helping to make the whole 
thing so common that even good thinking people pass 
it by with unconcern, though they used to have a 
feeling of shame or disgust in the presence of such 
indecency. To most girls these jokes are not a re- 
buke. They rather like these comments that call at- 
tention to their fashionable costumes. These jokes 
hold up to the audience the wrong type of woman. 
They give a strong suggestion, and people usually act 
upon suggestion, not upon reason. 

I am sorry that many of the ministers of the Church 
of the Brethren will stoop to such harmful censorship. 
They are well meaning but surely very thoughtless 
in that they do not see the harm they do. Surely they 
need to cry out against this awful indecency in 
women's dress, but why joke about it, often leaving 
the audience in doubt as to the real convictions of the 
speaker? Can you imagine Jesus referring to the 
money changers in the temple, or to the woman taken 
in adultery, with a joke that would fill an audience 
with laughter? He used no uncertain terms and no 
jokes about any of the evils of his day. Let us think 
more seriously of these evils and speak in terms that 
will really be a rebuke, and leave none to doubt our 
Muncie, Ind. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 16, 1926 


Calendar for Sunday, January 17 

Sunday-school Lesson, Jesus and Ni cod emus.— John 3: 

Christian Workers' Meeting, A Land of Fermenting 
Minds.— 2 Tim. 2:14-26; Rom. 12:1, 2. 

•& * *> *> 
Gains for the Kingdom 

Five baptisms in the Elgin church, 111. 

Two baptisms in the Fostoria church, Ohio. 

Five baptisms in the Meyersdale church, Pa. 

Four baptisms in the Buck Creek church, Ind. 

One baptism in the Licking Creek church, Pa. 

Two baptisms in .the Pleasant Hill church, Ohio. 

Two baptisms in the South St. Joseph church, Mo. 

Five baptisms in the First church, Los Angeles, Calif. 

Eleven were received into the church at Taiyuan, China. 

Ten accepted Christ in the Beech Grove church, Ohio, 
Bro. C. H. Petry, evangelist. 

One baptism in the Chiques church, Pa., Bro. Daniel 
Bowser, of York. Pa., evangelist. 

One was added to the Belmont church, Va., Bro. C. M. 
Driver, of Oakton, Va., evangelist. 

Four baptisms in the Poages Mill church, Va., Bro. 
Enos Bowman, of Naffs, Va., evangelist. 

Fourteen baptisms in the McFarland church, Calif., Bro. 
• A. D. Soilenberger, the pastor, in charge. 

One accession to the Eversole church, Ohio, B,ro. Edson 
Uiery, of North Manchester, Ind., evangelist. 

Nineteen additions to the Scalp Level church, Pa., Bro. 
F. A. Myers, of Mt. Pleasant, Pa., evangelist. 

Eleven baptisms in. the Muncie church, Ind., Brother 
and Sister O. H. Austin, of McPherson, Kans., evangelists. 

One baptism in the Portage church, Ohio, Bro. J. A. 
Guthrie and Bro. Max Hartsough, the pastor, in charge. 

Seven entered into Christian fellowship in the Markle 
church, Ind., Bro. J. S. Zigler, of Portland, Ind., evangel- 

Ten united with the Springfield church, 111., Bro. J. F. 
Burton, of Greene, Iowa, evangelist; six baptisms follow- 
ing the meeting. 

Six baptisms in the Garden City church, Kans., Bro. O. 
H. Feiler, of McPherson, Kans., evangelist; one baptism 
preceding the meeting. 

.;. ,$» ,j» ,♦. 

Our Evangelists 

Will you share the burden which these laborers carry? Will you 
pray for the success of these meetings? 

Bro. S. Z. Smith to begin Feb. 7 in the Fruitdale church, 

Bro. W. L. Hatcher, the pastor, began Jan. 10 in the 
Canton church, Canton, 111. 

Bro. Earl Frantz, of Nickerson, Kans., began Jan. 7 in 
the first church, Wichita, Kans. 

Bro. Burt Pontius, of Osceola, Ind., to begin Jan. 17 in 
the Second South Bend church, Ind. 

Bro. W. H. Tigner, of Gray, Wash., to begin Jan. 17 
or 24 in the Winchester church, Idaho. 

Bro. C. O. Beery, of Juniata, Pa., to begin the last of 
January in the Franklin Grove church, 111. 

Bro. E. E. Eshelman, of Woodland, Mich., began Jan. 
10 in the Painter Creek church, Ohio. 
♦ ♦ «J» *& 
Personal Mention 

Bro. W. L. Hatcher, formerly of Summitville, Ind., has 
taken up the pastorate of the Canton church, 111. 

Bro. J. W. Lear reports a profitable ten day Bible Insti- 
tute held with the Eglon church. West Virginia. 

Bro. Minor M. Myers is the representative on the Stand- 
ing Committee for 1926 from China ; F. H. Crumpacker 
is alternate. 

Bro. O. E. Messamer, of Fredericksburg, Iowa, is open 
fey evangelistic work in February and March or immedi- 
ately after Conference. 

Bro. Max Hartsough, of Portage, Ohio, could hold two 
or three series of meetings this year and would prefer 
serving the smaller churches near home. 

Sister Homer L. Burke, according to later information, 
did not come with the party from Africa which was sched- 
uled to arrive last Tuesday. 

Bro. Forest S. Eisenbise, of Chicago, who ministers to 
the church at Lanark over the week-end, gave us a pleas- 
ant call last Monday morning. 

Sister D. M. Garver is in the Miami Valley Hospital, 
Dayton, Ohio, awaiting a serious operation. So Bro. 
Garver writes on Jan. 8 and adds, " May we ask for the 
prayers of God's people?" 

Brother and Sister C. H. Boggs would like to corre- 
spond with those churches desiring to have a series of 

meetings within the next few months. They may be ad- 
dressed at 451 Crain Ave., Kent, Ohio. 

"The Waynesboro Messenger," published by the Church 
of the Brethren, Waynesboro, Pa., is the name of a new 
and attractive parish paper that came to hand a few 
days ago. We suspect that Bro. James M. Moore, the 
pastor, is the moving spirit in the venture. 

Miscellaneous Items 

The Greentree Sunday-school, District of Southeastern 
Pennsylvania, New Jersey and Eastern New York, re- 
cently gave awards to ninety scholars who had perfect _ 
attendance records for 1925. 

The Irricana church, Canada, was recently divided. The 
members in and around Irricana were organized into the 
Second Church of Irricana with Ellis Wagoner as elder 
and I. M. McCune as foreman. Correspondence intended 
for the new organization should be addressed accordingly. 

Appeals Because of No Plans 

Everybody enjoys helping in a good cause, but 
we all tire of constant appeals for the same need. 
Most of us believe that Jesus Christ is the only 
hope of mankind and yet we must beg to support 
his. kingdom which should be first. Why? Most- 
ly because we have no plan for Christ's work, 
and we forget. 

Attractive advertisements bid us buy that which 
we may want, but do not need. High salaried 
salesmen sell us what we neither want nor need. 
Solicitors secure our gifts often for unworthy 
causes. Why? Mostly because we have no fixed 
purpose and plan to make the Church of Christ 

Faithful Christian stewardship put into a plan 
of regular, proportionate and cheerful giving, will 
not only honor the church with tithes and offer- 
ings for her work, but will multiply the safety 
and value of both what we give and hold as 
stewards of the Lord. Moreover, it will deepen 
our love of God and the church and cure our 
tendencies to worldiness, fault finding, and the 
forgetfulness of God. But until such plans 
function more generally, we must come with 

We desire to lay the mission cause on our 
people's hearts for their prayerful support. Many 
have done splendidly. Others intend to. But 
we are anxious to close the fiscal year, February 
28th, with a balance instead of a deficit. Deficits 
mean additional interest, and discourage both 
workers and givers. For two years it has 
haunted us. Let us make this opportunity a 
challenge to our faith and sacrifice and convert 
the deficit into a balance for the Lord's work. 

We suggest, Sunday, February Seven, as a 
time for a special offering to meet this need. 
Those who may want to use the second or third 
Sunday may do so, but any remittance must be in 
Elgin before the close of the month to count in 
this year. Next week we shall give the amount 
of the deficit, but meanwhile pray and plan to 
convert this debt into a friendly balance for God! 
Elgin, 111. 

The 1926 "Yearbook" is now ready. It is practically 
indispensable to ministers and members of District Boards. 
All members will find it worth much more than the 
usual price, which is ten cents. Attention is called to Bro. 
J. W. Lear's statement regarding the "Yearbook" which 
appears on page 37 of this issue of the "Messenger." 

How about your church goals for 1926? One of OUr 

correspondents writes of his congregation as follows : 
"The church is working with a fine spirit of dobperation 
as evidenced by the following goals which have been set: 
50 per cent increase in attendance at all services; every 
member attending; every member a worker; every mem- 
ber a payer; every member a prayer; over the top with 
the budget." 

The " Fallen Asleep " columns are double their usual 
length this week. Of the thirty-eight persons whose 
deaths are recorded, twenty-six, or two out of three, 
were over fifty years of age. Four were in their fifties, 
six were in their sixties, nine were in their seventies, four 
were in, their eighties and three ninety or more. The 
total sum of their ages is 1,895 years. This is enough to 
take us back to A. D. 30, or to -cover the time that has 
elapsed since the close of Christ's ministry. 

A sister in Pennsylvania writes us an earnest letter 
about the situation in Florida. She is deeply concerned 
about the fact that many of our people are going into 
this wonderful southern State along with the crowds that 
are pouring in from the North. Our sister has a daughter 
in Miami who is without a church home since the Breth- 
ren have no organization in that city. We sympathize 
with the folks back home in Pennsylvania and in other 
northern States; we also sympathize with the settled 
Brethren in Florida. They have a problem on their hands 
that can only be understood by those who have lived 
in a new country in process of being swamped with an 
immigrant population. We recommend that readers of 
this paragraph turn to page 34 of this issue and read Bro. 
J. H. Moore's article. They will see at once that the 
settled Brethren in Florida are awake both to their op- 
portunity and their problem. But the responsibility for 
the scattered members in Florida is 'not' all upon the 
members who are banding together and trying to con- 
serve our forces there. A lot of heartaches and disappoint- 
ment would be saved if the Brethren who go south 
would stick together in place of scattering to the four 
winds and getting lost with the crowd. It is a case where 
the responsibility is mutual. We should remember that 
this is not the first time the Church of the Brethren has 
faced a similar problem- We faced it when our people 
moved west with the tides of population that were only 
stopped by the Pacific. We faced it to some extent when 
our people stampeded toward Western Canada. And, of 
course, we are facing it now as the tide turns south. It 
is not just a question of the Brethren in Florida. It is 
our opinion that the next generation will see the center 
of population swinging south rather than west. More 
and more people will be drawn by the advantages of the 
South, all of which means that as a church we must give 
increasing attention to this mission field— a field beset 
with many perplexities unless we are willing to learn 
from past experience. Let our people stay together and 
build up solidly for it is only by such foresight "that we 
can build up strong Brethren communities such as Water- 
'loo, Iowa; Quinter, Kans., and La Verne, Calif., and others 
that might be named. ... ... ... ... 

Special Notices 

Notice to Churches of North Dakota and Eastern Mon- 
tana; We earnestly request that the questionnaires not 

yet filled out and returned by churches to the District 
Ministerial Board, may be sent promptly as we cannot 
give our summary report till these are in. — G. I. Michael, 
Sec, Kenmare, N. Dak. 

Notice to the Sunday-schools of Washington: I have 
sent out two notices to all schools asking that the report 
for 1925 be sent in early, and all schools, whose reports 
do not reach me by the first of February, will be too 
late for my report to the General Board for this year.— 
J. U. G. Stiverson, State Secretary, E. 1824 Rich Avenue, 

A Bible Institute will be held at McPherson College, 
McPherson, Kans., Jan. 24-31. The daily schedule is as 
follows: 8 to 9 A. M., a conference on pastoral problems 
led by W. H. Yoder; 9 to 10 A. M., Dr. D. W. Kurtz will 
speak on, The Teachings of Paul; 10:30 to 11:30, Studies 
on the Sermon on the Mount by R. H. Miller; 11:30 to 
12:30, talks concerning India by E. H. Eby ; 2:30 to 
3:30 P. M., European Conditions by R. H. Miller; 3:30 
to 4:30, Religious Education, J. L. Hoff; 7 to 9 P. M., 
Monday to Saturday, respectively: Musical; play, The 
Terrible Meek; lecture, What It Means to Be a Chris- 
tian, by R. H. Miller; The Pietistic Movement, by D. W. 
Kurtz; He That Willeth to Do Shall Know, by R. H. 
Miller; lecture by A. C. Wieand. There will be special 
sermons Jan. 24 and 31, also a missionary pageant— 
J. W. Deeter, McPherson, Kans. 

Mission Notes 

A check for a thousand dollars was sent in by a brother 
and sister to the memory of their good mother. What a 
monument to a good motlier ! Such a memorial is not 
only an honor to the departed, but one to the living as 

The children and their friends of Sunnyside, Washing- 
ton, send in for the Dahanu Hospital a check for $453. This 
only shows what can be done when there is a will, a 
leader and a worth-while cause. Besides it solves the 
boy and girl problem and many others. 

A Mohammedan treated by a native doctor was per- 
mitted to develop gangrene in his finger. He came to 
our hospital at Bulsar, India. They amputated his arm. 
His friends told him' to go home and die. He said, "I will 
stay here and die where they know God." He is now 
telling to his friends the story of the help he received 
from the Christian hospital. 

Many people in reach of the China Mission are com- 
paratively poor. Bro. Oberholtzer tells us of a certain 
village, however, where the folks will not accept the help 
of the mission to build their village church; but have been 
saving for four or five years to do this for themselves. 
Such sacrifice and initiative mean success to those who 
thus build, either in China or America. C. D. B. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 16, 1926 


One on the Atheists 
We pass the following along because it seems to be a 
pretty good one on the atheists: "Dispatches from Mos- 
cow say that the Atheists' League broadcast anti-religious 
talks on Christmas day but that few" people listened in 
'because the majority were too busy celebrating Christmas 
at the churches.' Broadcasting speeches against religion 
is a thankless task at best. But he who would try it 
at Christmas time — well, he must have a wheel or two 
that fails to mesh." 

German Railroads Recovering 
About fifteen months ago the railroads of Germany 
were placed in the hands of an international organization 
entirely divorced from' politics. Just what the change 
has meant — a change from control by ministers responsi- 
ble to parliament to sound business procedure — is indi- 
cated by a recent financial statement. As the first fiscal 
year draws to a close gross profits of $275,000,000 have al- 
ready been earned. These figures compare favorably with 
prewar records and indicate that the railway system of 
the German Republic is well on the way to normalcy. 

rubber manufacturing industry at 960 million dollars as 
against 26S millions in 1914 and 162 millions in 1909. There 
are still great possibilities of rubber production by the 
'plantation' system, notably in our Philippine Islands, 
Liberia and other sections of West Africa and in the 
Latin American countries which lie near to our great 
rubber consuming market." 


Floods in Europe 

What is described a,s perhaps the worst flood in history 
has been taking a terrible toll of life and property in the 
river valleys of Western Europe. This is particularly true 
in the valleys of the Rhine and the Danube. Just why Hol- 
land and Belgium at one extreme and Hungary and 
Roumania at the other extreme should be the worst suf- 
ferers will at once be apparent to those who know their 
European geography. The greatest rivers of Western 
Europe — the Rhone, the Rhine and the Danube — rise in 
the mountainous core of which Switzerland is the center. 
The Rhone flows south, the Rhine north and the Danube 
by a long and devious course flows east into the Black 
Sea. The lower courses of the Rhine and the Danube 
broaden out into great delta regions, fertile but low, and 
very densely populated in the case of the former. Thus 
it is easy to see not only why the Rhine and the Danube 
river valleys are both the scenes of great loss in property 
and life, but also why the disaster should come to both 
valleys at the same time. Heavy storms in the central 
region of Western Europe would at once tend to flood 
both river valleys since the ultimate sources of the Rhine 
and the Danube are within a few miles of each other. 
The Rhine is commercially the most important river in 
Europe. Great cities stud its banks and the lands it 
drains are some of the richest and most highly cultivated 
in Europe, The Danube is a much longer and larger river 
than the Rhine. In its progress to the Black Sea the 
Danube is joined by sixty navigable streams and this fact 
should show at once how general storms would lead to 
the flooding of the low and delta regions toward or 
at its mouth. __^ 

Some Figures on Rubber 

About fifty million dollars' worth of rubber was imported 
by the United States during the month of October, 1925. 
" Where does it come from, this 400 odd million dollars' 
worth of rubber which we have imported in the year 
just ending? Over 200 million dollars' worth of it from 
the 'British East Indies,' which term presumably in- 
cludes India, Ceylon, Burma, the Malayan Peninsula, 
Borneo, Hongkong, Singapore, Australia and New Zealand. 
Nearly all of the rubber production of this area is of the 
type now classed as 'plantation rubber' in which there 
has been ,an enormous increase of production in recent 
years. Plantation production of rubber has advanced from 
a little over 8,000 tons in 1910 to 320,000 tons in 1920, 
■ ■ . while the production of 'wild rubber' fell from 
62,300 tons in 1910 to 40,000 tons in 1920. The same authori- 
ty states that the United States consumed in 1920 260,000 
tons of rubber out of a world production of 364,000 tons. 
Apparently, the plantation production of India rubber at 
the present time is 40 times as much as in 1910, while 
the production of 'wild' rubber in 1920 was only two- 
thirds as much as*in 1910. The growth in world demand 
'or India rubber has been more striking in the United 
States, the largest world producer of automobiles, than in 
any other country. The value of our total imports in the 
calendar year 1925 will considerably exceed 400 million 
dollars against 243 million dollars in 1920, 110 million dol- 
lars in 1910 and 33 million dollars in 1900. Rubber manu- 
factures in the United States in 1921 were valued at over 
700 million dollars as against a little over 300 millions in 
iyi4. A considerable part of the large sums which we send 
abroad for rubber comes back to us in the form of sums 
Paid by people of other countries for manufactures of 
rubber exported from the United States. The total value 
of our rubber exports in the calendar year 1925 will ap- 
proximate SO million dollars against 14 millions in 1913, 11 
millions in 1910 and 3 millions in 1900. Quite naturally the 
growth in capital invested in the rubber manufacturing 
industry, meantime, has been very great. The official fig- 
ures of the census of 1919 show the capital invested in the 

The Age of Quantity 
One New York newspaper boasts that it will "se 118,- 
000,000 pounds of paper during this year. It is said that 
this is probably more paper than had been used in the 
history of the world up until the time George Washington 
was born. Yet, most of the writing that we count worth 
while was produced before our age of paper in unlimited 
quantity. Of all that the newspaper which plans to use 
118,000,000 pounds of paper stock will print it is probable 
that a page or two may be worthy of preservation. Truly 
if we could multiply real intelligence, as fast as we have 
the means of conveying it. the world would be civilized 
by the end of 1926. 

- Jewish Appreciation of Jesus 

The recent furor, especially in Jewish circles, over some 
statements alleged to 'have been made by Rabbi Wise, 
serves to call attention to what seems to be a growing ap- 
preciation of Jesus upon the part of the Jews. There 
seems to be quite a tendency amongst Jewish leaders to 
accept Jesus as an historical character and to laud him 
as the greatest of Jewish teachers. Even if this type of 
acceptance of Jesus is at present little more than the 
result of characteristic Jewish acquisitiveness it can not 
help but have important ultimate results. For one thing, 
it should help to dispose of the arguments of those who 
have questioned the historicity of Jesus. Secondly, ac- 
cepting Jesus as a great teacher will put the Jews in a 
pretty intellectual dilemma. If he is what they are begin- 
ning to claim for him as a Jew, then they are under a 
moral obligation to study his teaching and follow his pre- 
cepts. But as soon as they do this they will come under 
the spell of the winsome Jesus who is also the Christ. 
What we mean to say is that even a grudging acceptance 
of Jesus has far-reaching intellectual and moral involve- 
ments — that to the openminded it is practically impossible 
to start with Jesus and not go all the way, accepting him 
as the Christ. Jewish appreciation of Jesus is therefore 
an important development though it may be generations 
before the Jews as a whole realize what a dilemma their 
acquisitiveness has gotten them into. Meanwhile such an 
attitude on the part^of the Jews should make for better 
racial relations as between Jews and Gentiles, 

Conserving Our National Coal Resources 
The first coal land law was passed in 1S73, but it did not 
prevent coal lands from gravitating in large blocks into 
the hands of private individuals. Hence in 1906 the Presi- 
dent ordered the Secretary' of the Interior to withdraw all 
public coal land and according! y all land suspected of 
containing coal was withdrawn for conservation by the 
government. These withdrawals have totaled 63,000,000 
acres, and so far as they have been examined and classi- 
fied some 32,000,000 acres are now definitely listed as coal 
'lands. "In 1920, however, to further the policy of con- 
servation, and at the same time utilize the immense coal 
resources, a lease law was passed. This act provided for 
the leasing of lands at auction, and superseded the old 
sale law. It set the maximum area of land to be leased 
to one person or organization at 2.560 acres. At the pres- 
ent time about 81,000 acres are under lease, their potential 
coal tonnage being about 790,000,000., The minimum annual 
production from these lands is about 4,000,000 tons. There 
a*e now 211 leases on government coal lands. The largest 
producer of coal from public lands in 1924 was the State 
of Wyoming, the amount being 792,000 tons, or more than 
11 per cent of all the coal produced in the States. Colorado 
produced the second largest tonnage. A total of 375,000 
tons came from leased government coal lands in that State. 
Utah was third in the list, the amount produced being 
I SI ,000 tons, while North Dakota records showed a pro- 
duction of 153,000 tons from public lands. Most of the 
government coal lands are in the Western States— Wy- 
oming, Colorado, Utah. North Dakota, Montana, Washing- 
ton, New Mexico, South Dakota, and Oregon, given in 
the order of their production. The Government receives 
a royalty of ten cents per ton on every ton mined from 
leased lands. The Government royalty precludes any 
freeze-out methods on the part of the lessee. Likewise 
there- are certain stipulations he must comply with in 
leasing the lands. If one man happened to control the 
entire 81,000 acres now under lease and attempted to hold 
them idle in order to fight a competitor, he would have 
to pay something like $400,000 whether he mined an ounce, 
a rather large price for what he would get. Like- 
wise any homesteader settling on land known toi contain 
coal, or included within the general withdrawal has no 
jurisdiction over mineral rights, which, of course, include 
coal mining rights. Since the passage of the leasing law 
five years ago, one twentieth of the coal mined in the pub- 
lic-land States comes from mines operated under govern- 
ment leases, and this figure is growing annually." 


Heb. 11: 23-29 

For Week Beginning January 24 

I. A LOVING PROVIDENCE (Ex. 1:22—2:10). 

Was ever evil design more artfully outwitted? The 
king who purposed to tear Moses from his mother's 
breast and kill him, paid this mother for nursing him! 
The river which was to have been his grave became a 
means of salvation. This victory was won, not by the 
pompous proceedings usually associated with courts, but 
by such common things as infant sweetness, helpless 
innocence, the appeal, of a baby's cry, the tender heart of 
a woman and the ingenuity of a mother's love. The proud 
oppressor cares for him who is to break the yoke of 
oppression ! 

\cl, dear friends, such providences are not unusual. 
If wc could but sec and know, each of us could name 
enmities* instances of such loving care in our own lives 
(1 Cor. 1:26-29; 1 Peter 5:7; Job 5:12; Psa. 374-7- 
Heb. 13: 5-6). 

II. A CALL FROM GOD (Ex. 3: l^t: 17). 
Several things stand out here: 

1. The injustices and cruelties of the Egyptians con- 
cerned high heaven. "1 have surely seen the allliction 
of my people " (Ex. 2; 23-25; Psa. 10:11; "4:5-11 ■ Kif, ■ 44- 

2. The burning bush, Mir leprous hand, the rod and 
(In- serpent must have built up in the soul of Moses the 
conviction that God is real and that he brings things to 
pass (Heb. 10:23; 11:6-11; Ex. ,i : 13-14). 

3. The deadliness of excuses. Excuses hush the calls to 
belter living. They are the an;esthetic by which we go 
to sleep in the arms of case, failure and death (Rom. 
1:20; Luke 14:18). 

III. AN EXAMPLE OF COURAGE (Ex. 2: 11-12; 5: 1-5). 

Mere is set in strong contrast two sorts of boldness, 
the one human, the other divine. 

The motive of one is hatred of the oppressor; of the 
other, love for the oppressed. Human boldness lacks 
wisdom, II never slukes ;,l the Strategic point. It kills 
an Egyptian and hides him in the sand, while the arch- 
or/pressor, Pharaoh, goes scot free. It is undisciplined, 
has no Roal nor aim, no method, and finally takes to its 
heels lo escape the mess it makes. Divine courage is the 
opposite mi" all this It goes with the elders, in the strength 
"i God, i" the arch oppressor, Pharaoh. It works in har- 
mony with (Jud's plan to make his. people a nation in the 
land of Canaan, And it doesn't get afraid and run I 

It lakes spiritualized insight to discern real courage. 
Noise and talk and bluster are current counterfeits. Of 
all things which courage is unlike and which it avoids, 
these counterfeits stand first (Isa. 42:2-4; Matt. 21:5). 

IV. AN EXAMPLE OF DEVOTION (Ex. 32: 30-32). 
Supreme unselfishness is the price of usefulness. Neither 

father, teacher, preacher, nor friend has attained the 
full measure of usefulness in his chosen circle until he 
would give his life for those whom lie serves. Love like 
this arms every word and deed with irresistible power 
for good (Rom. 9:1-3; Matt. 20:28; 1 Cor. 13:1-3). 

V. ON MOUNT PISGAH (Deut. 34: 1-7). 

We have missed (he glory of this incident. We have 
shrouded it with the atmosphere of punishment. "Moses 
could not go into Canaan because he smote the rock 
when he should have spoken to it." Tins is true, but by 
no means the whole truth of Pisgah. Life's evening sun 
reveals the promised laud of his hopes, and he falls asleep 
in the arms of God. This is not tragedy; it is triumph! 

For Meditation and Discussion 

I, This providence is against us when we do evil, for 
us when we do right. 

II, How may wc make these two simple truths effective 
in our lives (1 and 2) ? Reflect upon this fact: Moses, 
whose excuses were utterly banished, was the giver of 
God's eternal law of righteousness (3). 

III. Differentiate further between true and false cour- 

IV. Are not many of the failures of teachers and min- 
isters and others due to this : they have not loved enough ? 

Uncle Sam's Christmas 
A new record was set in postal business during the 
holidays— the 1925 record being the biggest ever. Postal 
receipts during December for fifty cities totaled $38,655,- 
752, an increase of H506.774 over December, 1924. Of 
the' fifty cities Jacksonville. Fla.. had the largest percent- 
age of increase over one year ago, with 43.40; Baltimore 
was second with 32.94; and Fort Worth third with 25.37. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 16, 1926 

The Simple Life 

(Continued from Page 35) 

and energy that it required to maintain such a home she 
strongly contends that she is living the simple life. I 
couldn't help but wonder about it. 

A well known brother and his wife believed in the 
simple life. He preached it and she taught it and they 
both dressed it. They were blessed wonderfully with 
material things, having land, bonds, property and cash 
but it required so much of their time to keep these 
possessions lined up and in the perfect working or- 
der that was pleasing to them that they could scarcely 
ever bother with brethren who chanced their way, even 
though they might have thereby entertained angels un- 

On a certain occasion we were invited into the 
home of some members who were noted for their 
'-' stand-pat " views on the dress question. The simple 
life (?) motto was theirs indeed. That home was 
so well regulated and so wonderfully kept and so 
scrupulously immaculate that we breathed a sigh of 
real relief when we stepped into our conveyance and 
started down the public road where we felt we had at 
least the right to breathe the germ-laden breath from 
our lungs without seriously contaminating some one 
around us. Those good " preacher folks " spent most 
of their time in cleaning and scrubbing and polishing 
and beautifying their surroundings not only during the 
week but on the Lord's Day as well. As to the church's 
activities they were not very well informed. He " took 
his turn " with the other ministers, getting to church 
on those particular days, but was not concerned when 
some one else's turn came. They seldom entertained. 
Folks made dirt and they absolutely could not tolerate 
dirt. So on Sunday morning while their neighbors 
and friends, some of them dressed a bit pretentiously, 
wended their way churchward in order to worship 
God, these good folks remained at home and cleaned 
already clean premises and lived the simple life. 

A certain sister who I know deeply mourns the 
church's departure from a prescribed form of dress, 
and would scorn to follow fashion's dictates or to en- 
gage in any worldly pleasures whatever, but this is 
what occurs daily in that home : From early morning 
until long after the day is done, that sister and her 
husband toil relentlessly in order to accumulate world- 
ly possessions. She does the work of three or four 
persons, indoors and out, in order to save hired help 
and thereby add more to their already big account. In 
buying they seek everywhere for the best bargains. In 
selling they seek just as diligently for the highest bid- 
der. They have a beautiful home and every modern 
convenience. True, they do not neglect the Lord's 
services and his work as they give quite liberally to the 
cause. Because of this perhaps you will say that their 
work is commendable. In a measure perhaps this is 
true, yet I am made to wonder if sometimes we do not 
do deeds of charity in order to salve a guilty con- 
science after we have mistreated our own bodies, which 
are God's temple, by overwork and hurrying and scur- 
rying and worrying after things of this world, which 
we do not need. 

Is attending church services on Sunday or week- 
day, dressed in a plain garb, with every nerve stretched 
taut and our bodily organs in a nervous strain from un- 
necessary overwork — even though we do give the Lord 
his share— is this, I say, living the simple life? Is this 
in accord with " take no thought for the morrow " and 
" lay not up for yourselves treasures where moth and 
rust corrupt "? 

A certain brother was elder and spiritual adviser 
of a rural congregation. His constituency was allowed 
to make no departure from certain church customs. 
Such an offender was at once brought to account and 
either forced into submission or ousted from the 
church. On a certain Sunday it was our pleasure to 
be invited into this elder's home. We found a home of 
elegance and prosperity. When dinner was called we 
sat down to a veritable feast. Abundance, variety, 
display — we dared do little more than nibble at each 
dish if we tasted all, so great was the variety. In the 
middle of the afternoon another serving of luscious 
home grown fruit was urged upon the guests. A large 
portion of that Lord's Day was spent in preparing and 

gormandizing and yet these good folks professed 
loudly to the world that they believed in the simple 
life. Their actions belied their words and made them 
stumblingblocks to others. 

A few years ago there lived in the church a brother 
noted for his great liberality. He loved to give and he 
gave without stinting. But the other side of the story 
is this. He would rob a widow of her very livelihood 
and then turn and give it as a gift to the Lord. Could 
he believe that his charity would overshadow his 
crime? We know that it could not. Yet is that any 
worse than for us to rob ourselves of our God-given 
energies and break down our bodies and shorten our 
lives to accumulate and pile up wealth and possessions 
even though we do give part of it back to the Lord? 
Does he expect his dues at so great a sacrifice? And 
just how does this kind of a life tally up with the sim- 
ple life? Does it help to draw the world any closer to 
the lowly Nazarene who had no place he could call his 
own — nowhere to lay his head ? 

In my mind these questions remain unanswered. I 
am not able to see how we can reconcile Christ's 
teachings to some of the things that I have" mentioned 
nor am I able to understand why wc should lay undue 
stress on some things and then overbalance our vir- 
tues by doing, or failing to do, other things not in ac- 
cordance with his Word and will. In order to be con- 
sistent we must sprinkle his teachings through all our 
activities and not become lopsided by stressing a few 
minor points thereby losing sight of the really big, 
important, worth-while things that make for time and 
Syracuse, Ind 

of growth. As we receive new ideas and discover 
higher ideals our conduct improves. The Christian 
church is the only institution which functions for the 
specific purpose of regulating conduct. Our conduct 
as a denomination should be a matter of first con- 
cern and all other interests should center in this out- 
standing objective. A well balanced religious emphasis 
will always begin .with Christ and will constantly em- 
phasize the importance of conduct on the part of all 
who profess to follow him. 
Dalct'illc, Va. 


The Pastor's Challenge 

(Continued from Page 38) 

our attention, but is it not a fact that all of these in- 
terests are but incidental to the one problem which 
concerned Jesus more than any other? That problem 
is the problem of conduct. This problem has always 
been outstanding. It is giving us occasion for the 
gravest concern throughout the world at the present 
time— and especially here in America. It is the one 
problem which must be solved before real progress 
can be made from any other angle of human achieve- 
ment. When conduct is once cared for all other prob- 
lems will become relatively simple. 

We are constantly affirming that " Jesus went about 
doing good," but we have largely failed to grasp the 
significance of that statement. What are the actual 
facts as to his life? He came to correct the conduct 
of men. His first problem was that of correctly con- 
ducting himself. His own conduct would be correct 
only to the extent that he applied those vital princi- 
ples of living which he knew lay at the very founda- 
tion of life. A correct interpretation and application 
of God's great principles of life would result 
in correct conduct. That' is a foundation assump- 
tion of the Christian religion. It should be the basis 
of our faith as, a denomination. Jesus entered into 
this life much in the same spirit as a skilled chemi*t 
would enter a well equipped laboratory with a class of 
students. He was thoroughly familiar with the great 
dynamic principles of life and knew that they would 
produce definite and specific results whenever properly 
applied. His first task was to prove this by demonstrat- 
ing this eternal fact in his own life. This he did in 
such a complete way that we universally speak of 
his life as the perfect life. Having demonstrated the 
working possibilities of the principles of the life which 
he had come to make known, and having instructed his 
disciples in this fine art of Christian conduct our Lord 
was ready to have his church begin its great conduct 

Let us summarize briefly. Conduct represents a first 
and foremost interest of life. Christianity is primarily 
concerned as to the conduct of men and women in the 
common walks of life. Correct conduct requires a 
personal application of those principles of life which 
Jesus presented and applied in his own life. Correct 
conduct involves all of the activities of life, and every 
activity of life is included in Jesus' program of con- 
duct. Conduct is constantly influenced by our ideas, 
our ideals, and our convictions. Conduct is a matter 


The first conference of the League of Evangelical Stu- 
dents was held at Grand Rapids, Michigan, November 
20-24, 1925. Great and important results, I believe, will 
come from this newly formed organization. 

The purpose of the League and qualifications for 
membership in it are set forth in the following articles 
which are taken from the Constitution of the League: 
Inasmuch as mutually exclusive conceptions of the nature of the 
Christian religion exist in the world today, and particularly in 
theological seminaries and other institutions of higher learning; and 
since it is the duty of those who share and cherish the evangelical 
faith to witness to it and to strive for its defense and propagation; 
and in view of the value for this end of common counsel, united 
effort, and Christian fellowship: 

Wc, the undersigned representatives of students' associations _ in 
theological seminaries and schools for the training of Christian 
workers, do hereby form a league organized upon the following 

Article I 
'Section 1. The name of this ' organization shall he, "The League 
of Evangelical Students." 

Article II 

Section 1. The purpose of this League shall be to bear united 

witness to the faith of students in the whole Bible as the inspired 

Word of God; to endeavor to interest others in the work of the 

gospel ministry; to have fellowship with one another; and to meet 

in conference for the discussion of common problems. 

Article III 

Section 1. Qualifications for membership in the League shall be 

faith in the Bible as the infallible Word of God, and acceptance of 

the • fundamental truths of the Christian religion, such as: the 

Trinity, the Virgin Birth of Christ, His Divine and Human Nature, 

His Substitutionary Atonement, His Resurrection From the Dead, 

and His Coming Again. 

Section 2. The above summary is not intended to be regarded 
as a complete statement, nor as an authoritative definition of the 
limits of Christian fellowship, but simply as an indication of the 
class of persons whom the League welcomes as members. 

Section 3. Any student association, society, or club, of any theo- 
logical seminary, school for the training of Christian workers, college, 
or other institution of higher learning, may apply for membership 
in the League upon the ratification and adoption of this Constitution 
by a three-fourths vote of its members. Where no such action on 
the -part of an existing association, society, or club, can be had, it 
is suggested that those favoring the ideals of the League shall 
organize, if they so desire, to form an association, society, or club 
ngelical students. 

Although the League is less than a year old, twenty- 
seven theological seminaries and Bible schools had adopt- 
ed the constitution at the time of the conference. These 
institutions represent several thousand young people anrl 
are distributed geographically from the Atlantic to the 
Pacific and from the Gulf to the Lakes. 

The principal speakers of the conference were: Dr. 
Leander S. Keyser, of Springfield, Ohio; Dr. Melvin 
■ G. Kyle, of St. Louis, Mo.; and Dr. J. G. Machen, of 
Princeton, N. J. 

Dr. Keyser showed in his address that the account of 
creation as given in Genesis is the most reasonable and 
best supported, philosophically and scientifically, of any 
that has ever been set forth. It is wonderful how the 
Bible and science 1 agree. This is particularly apparent 
when we have a correct understanding of the Bible and 
when we have true science. 

Dr. Kyle, an eminent archaeologist, presented in his 
addresses an array of evidences, in support of the Bible, 
dug up by pick and shovel in Bible lands. The land and 
the book wonderfully corroborate each other. 

Dr. Machen was historically interpretative. He brought 
out the fact in his addresses that the unique lives of the 
early Christians were due to the unique doctrines that 
they accepted, The fact is ever true that doctrine influ- 
ences life in a remarkable degree. 

The conference was rich in spirit and in thought. It was 
a great inspiration to be associated with students from 
many educational institutions in our land. Not only were 
there students of splendid type at the conference, but 
also a number of theological and college professors were 
in attendance. Although the League is primarily a student 
organization, professors are invited and welcomed in 
for the counsel and help they may give. 

I am glad Juniata saw fit to be represented. When the 
call comes to stand together in support of the Christ and 
of the Bible we ought to be on hand. 

Calvin College and Theological Seminary, where the 
conference was held, with open hands and hearts took 
care of the delegates and friends. Truly it was a great 
meeting May lasting results for eood follow. 

. , -n T. T. Myers. 

Huntingdon, Pa. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 16, 1926 



The above caption may seem a trifle antique but never- 
theless it is still sounding in the ears of the writer, even 
if the festivities of the yuletide arc rapidly passing into 
oblivion. When the Christmas program was ended a little 
girl came with a box which she passed to the mistress 
of ceremonies who read, " From the primaries to Bro. 
Wright." Another, a junior, came, and with the usual 
" ring " ceremony passed a package into the hand of 
the one in charge who said, "To Bro. Wright from the 
juniors." A matron came and with a now familiar ges- 
ture said, " Christmas greetings from the Aid Society to 
Brother and Sister Wright." And now who but the stal- 
wart and congenial Sunday-school superintendent, N. W. 
Sollenberger, who bore a box more commensurate with 
his size, and said: "The main school wishes to recognize 
the efforts of our pastor and wife and hereby tenders them 
this gift." 

Then the meeting did come to a close. The pastor's 
home was where the next scene was laid. And we opened 
ihe gifts — gold, frankincense and myrrh. The gold pieces 
from the Aid Society; the glowing tribute from the pri- 
maries and juniors of tender hearts and years ; the frankin- 
cense of a sweet, fragrant twelvemonth of Christian fel- 
lowship and service with the East Dayton congregation. 
Almost twoscore of the congregation were newly re- 
ceived men and women, boys and girls, coming by letter 
and baptism. 

Well, it all came to seventy-five dollars; other gifts 
came in proportion, useful and many. We felt we were 
almost robbing those who did not share so bountifully. 
The people are kind to us and our appreciation though 
feebly expressed is keenly felt within. 

And lastly a mother who had laid a daughter to rest 
in the grave came with a beautiful floral offering that it 
might lend its last fragrance to the sick one in our home, 
who we are glad to report is rapidly convalescing. To 
those who have wished us a Merry Christmas we falter- 
ingly but gladly wish them a prosperous and happy 1926. 

Dayton, Ohio. Van B. Wright. 


It has been our delightful privilege to spend another 
Christmas season in the Southland at Eustis, Fla. We 
enjoyed the ordinary festivities of the season with the 
;^dded charms afforded by the southern clime, such as the 
1 rivilege of eating our turkey dinner out in the open 
where blooming roses cast their fragrance upon the 
balmy air. There was also the singing of Christmas 
carols about the community tree in the park by the lake 

One of the most pleasant occasions of the season was 
the Peace and Goodwill program at the Seneca Church 
of the Brethren about six miles out of town. The work 
at this mission point has been carried on during the past 
year through the untiring efforts of Bro. Meyers. Not 
only has he worked arduously to build up a congregation 
of our own faith and to minister to the spiritual needs 
of the community, but he has been notably successful as 
a teacher of the young men's class at the Methodist church 
in Eustis. The large attendance and their token of appre- 
ciation—ten dollars in gold presented to their teacher as 
a Christmas gift— show that the simple Gospel as pre- 
sented fearlessly and earnestly by Bro. Meyers meets 
with a hearty response. 

The church building at Seneca is located out in the 
pine J wood just off an improved road. It is now only a 
delightful drive from Eustis. Many of our Brethren and 
Mennonite friends who live in and about Eustis made use 
of the opportunity to drive out for the Christmas pro- 
gram. Bro. Ira Miller who has lived in Seneca for twelve 
years remarked that it looked like old times to see the 
church almost full. However, on this occasion the people 
came in autos instead of on horseback and on foot as 
they did years ago. 

The large attendance, among the number being four 
ministers and one returned misionary-; revealed a good 
nucleus of workers. The congregation joined heartily in 
the singing and Bible reading. The church was appropri- 
ately decorated with beautiful green pine branches. Spe- 
cial songs, readings and short talks comprised the informal 
program. It was indeed worth while and enjoyed by all. 

The influx of tourists, the many new developments 
about Eustis, the earnest work of Bro. Meyers, and the 
spirit of cooperation manifested by those in attendance- 
all tend to indicate that there will be a strong church of 
the Brethren in Eustis in the near future. 

Eustis, Fla. , - Floyd M. Irvin. 


Since our last report in June I have not only experi- 
enced the severest trial of my life but have also had 
times of rejoicing and sweet communion with him who 
is more than life to me. Bro. Colyn was in the hospital 
thirty-three days with typhoid; at the end of the second 
week complications had developed which frightened the 
doctor. I firmly believe that it was only through the 
anointing service, the prayers of the church, and an un- 
swerving faith in God combined with the best medical 
and hospital service that he was allowed to remain with 

us. Man's extremity is God's opportunity and without 
God's help in this case I fear the illness would have been 
fatal. A good family physician is just another blessing 
made possible by God. And what a blessing to have a 
heavenly Father to step in and help when all earthly help 
fails I 

When we consider that not only individuals who were 
scattered here and there over the Brotherhood were send- 
ing up petitions in Bro. Colyn's behalf, but that four 
churches were also united for the same purpose, we say 
that there is power, wonderful power in prayer. Bro. 
Colyn's complications abated to the extent that the doctor 
upon examining him could not understand how such a 
change could come about in so short a time. Even the 
serious typhoid symptoms were gone and his weakened 
physical body was left without pain to recuperate until 
his limit of five weeks was up. We were made to realize 
what blessings we Christians do miss by not taking God 
at his word, trusting him for all, We wonder, too, what 
we might not be able to do toward the salvation of the 
unsaved, if they should take God at his word. I fear 
the power of God would be felt to the extent that no one 
would be able to resist it. 

Nov. 15 the church met to celebrate the birthday of 
the oldest member of this congregation — Sister Katie 
Caster who was eighty-eight years old the day before. 
After morning services a basket dinner was served and at 
2 P. M. a program was rendered. 

Thanksgiving Day we met at the church for services, 
followed also by a basket dinner. To some this seems 
like a great deal of work, but I believe it pays as it helps 
better than anything else to bring church people, neigh- 
bors and friends closer together. In eating together peo- 
ple realize a fellowship which is gotten in no other way. 
After dinner a program was rendered, consisting of songs, 
recitations and instrumental music. At the close, our 
hearts rejoiced when Abe McVey, who was once a 
deacon in the church, came forward and was restored to 
full fellowship. Four young people 1 also came forward 
and were baptized Nov. 28 just prior to our love feast. 
Twenty surrounded the Lord's table with Bro. Colyn offi- 
ciating. Our Thanksgiving offering was $8.93. 
Leon, Iowa. . ^ . Mrs. Nora Colyn, 


Muncie church, Ind., as a result of its recent real re- 
vival and the related services, has experienced a truly 
gratifying ''season of refreshing from the presence of 
the Lord." 

Readiness for the revival was provided for a month 
beforehand by a program of prayer. Each Wednesday 
evening there were three places arranged in the city 
where our people gathered for a cottage prayer meeting, 
and the following evening all assembled at the church in 
a workers' conference. Good interest was taken in these 
meetings, and they engendered a heart-warming that 
enabled us to be better led of the Spirit. 

Sunday, Nov. 22, was our Rally Day. It was an all-day 
gathering, and a decidedly good one from start to finish. 
There was an unusually large attendance, and special 
interest was manifested in our Sunday-school. Our live- 
wire speaker for the day was Bro. Virgil C. Finnell, of 
North Manchester, Ind. He gave us an excellent message 
in the forenoon on " Some New Battlefronts." 

There was for all a fellowship meal at noon, and it af- 
forded an unusual opportunity to feed the social appetite 
as well as the physical. It contributed to Rally Day. 

Bro. Finnell's afternoon address was on "The Biggest 
and Best Paying Business." And in the evening service 
he gave that effective, anti-tobacco, stereopticon lecture 
of his on "The Brown God and His White Imps." Next 
morning he gave this lecture to the very appreciative 
Royerton High School, near Muncie. 

Our revival was to begin Thursday evening, so services 
were held on the intervening nights. Thanksgiving eve- 
ning, Nov. 26, our evangelists arrived— Brother and Sister 
Oliver H. Austin, of McPherson, Kans. They came to "us 
from their very successful revival in the Goshen City 
church, Goshen, Ind. 

One item of our advertising was to report the services 
and parts of the sermon through our daily newspapers. 
These reports were widely read and appreciated by the 
public, and it brought some to the revival meetings we 
might not have had otherwise. We, of course, also made 
liberal use of posters and hand bills. 

Then we had two electrically illuminated signs in op- 
eration; and, since our church is so publicly located, they 
were a decided asset. The one is our changeable-letter 
bulletin board which we installed a year ago. It has done 
great good during this' time. It is our purpose to set 
up a new and helpful message, or some church announce- 
ment, each day, and many are the people who have 
volunteered sincere words of appreciation. This bulletin 
board was a good booster for the revival. The other sign 
was one of the writer's own manufacture, and expressly 
for such an occasion. It proved very effective and was 
sufficiently large that at a distance of several city blocks 
one could distinctly read the electrically illuminated glori- 
ous fact— JESUS SAVES. 

But the best advertisement, certainly, was the excellent 
way our evangelists " delivered the goods," To come to 

the meetings once was to want to come every time. The 
good words of the enthusiastic church-goers operated 
for good on friends. It was a genuine pleasure for the 
pastor, in his " rounds of the town." to receive, unsolicited, 
a number of favorable comments here and there about 
the good services being conducted by the Austins. 
Brother and Sister Austin are possessors of pleasing per- 
sonalities and winning ways. In their work of evangelism 
they dignify religion, and they leave a wholesome after- 
math that is decidedly helpful and encouraging to the 
one who remains on and serves the church as pastor. 

During the meetings we received various delegations 
from the adjoining churches: Antioch (or Killbuck), 
Mississinewa and Anderson. The latter gave the largest 
delegation of the three, furnished some good male quar- 
tet music and an appreciated reading. But the first named 
gave a splendid attendance, considering its small member- 
ship. They deserve special mention, too, because they 
were not only present once but a number of times, thanks 
chiefly to their good pastor and wife, Brother and Sister 
Ira T, Hiatt. 

Special music, sometimes vocal and sometimes instru- 
mental, featured each service. One unique musical con- 
tribution was the singing by four aged veterans of the 
Civil War, accompanied on the piano /by a fifth, who is 
Prof. Theodore H. Johnson, who until two years ago 
taught piano playing. They did well, considering that 
all of the five arc octogenarians. Another evening there 
was a concert of uplifting music rendered by Bro. Elzie 
W. Garrett and his large and famous Muncie Boys' Band. 
Brother and Sister Austin were present with us and 
participated in a part of the Fortieth Anniversary and 
Home Coming at the Mississinewa church, Sunday, Nov. 
29. One morning they rendered a delightful program for 
the boys and girls of the near-by Jefferson School. And 
one Sunday afternoon they responded to the request for 
a service at the County Orphans' Home. 

The revival closed Sunday evening, Dec. 13. There 
were seventeen decisions. The Austins remained with us 
over Monday night, when we had our baptismal service. 
We administered the rite to eleven. Others are to be 
baptized later. This increases our membrship to 211. 

Tuesday night, the next night after the baptizing, we 
held our love feast, and we rejoiced for the blessings it 
brought us. The officiating minister was Eld. Russell L. 
Showaltcr, of Anderson, Ind. 

"The Lord hath done great things for us, whereof we 
are glad." We will appreciate the prayers of our friends, 
as wc and our fellow-workers here continue to give our- 
selves to the task of building up the church at Muncie. 

Muncie, Ind. , « , Ralph G. Rarick. 

, The District Meeting of Northwestern Kansas was held 
this year in the Quintcr church Oct. 16-19. The District 
was well represented by all the churches. The spirit and 
inspiration and value of the meeting were increased by 
the presence of Ezra I'luiy, E. F. Sherfy, C. S. Morris, 
S. J. Miller, II. H. Nininger and others. The two days 
just preceding the opening of the conference were spent 
in a special workers' conference with Ezra Flory, Rep- 
resentatives from several Districts were invited to take 
part in this special leaders and workers' conference. The 
time was very profitably spent, closing with a general 
Sunday-school Institute on Friday afternoon. Then fol- 
lowed the regular sessions of the various meetings of the 

A special feature and perhaps an innovation for District 
Conferences wis the publication of a conference daily 
by the editors of the local paper, the Gove County Advo- 
cate. This was the contribution of A. A. Keiser, a member 
of the Church of the Brethren, and his helpers. 

The business session paid particular attention and 
placed particular emphasis upon the establishment of 
the proposed mission church at Salina, Kans. As money 
is being solicited, the necessary arrangements are being 
made. The Mission Board now holds the deeds to some 
choice lots, an excellent site for the location of a church. 
Eld. D. A. Crist was chosen delegate to Annual Confer- 
ence; Eld. J. E. Small, alternate. District Meeting of 1926 
will be held in the Belleville church beginning the third 
Friday of October. Roy A c r ; st| District Clerk. 

Chicago, 111. . .-•-. ■ 

William Quinter Calvert was born in Adams County, 
Ohio, Aug. 7, 1851, being the youngest of three boys born 
to Mills and Susanna Calvert. He died at his home in 
La Verne, Calif., Dec. 16, 1925, aged seventy-four years, 
four months and ten days. 

He married Susan E. Couser, Jan. 30, 1873. They 
located in Rice County, Kans., on the frontier, but re- 
turned to Ohio two years later. They moved to Covma, 
Calif in October, 1902; to Inglewood in 1906; to the Im- 
perial Valley in 1911. and to La Verne in 1913. While he 
lived in the Imperial Valley in 1912. his beloved wife 
passed into the spirit world, Jan. 30. 1916. he married 
Mary V Ebersole, who survives him. Eleven children 
were born to the first union, of whom the following sur- 
vive i G«o, C, La Verne, Calif.; Mills C, McFarland, 
(Continued on Page 46) 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 16, 1926 

Notes From Our Correspondents 

Fruit dale.- 

■ruitdalc. His 
■ well pleased. 

Otho Winger came to us Dec. 23. He preached 
the Brethren church and one in the Union Chapel 
s messages were uplifting anil all who heard him 
; held our council Dec. 26 so Ero. Winger might 
:cted church and Sunday-school officers, with 
Bro. M, Wine, elder; Bro. G. W. Petehcr, assistant; Bro. S. 
E Miller clerk; the writer, corresponding secretary; Sunday-school 
superintendent, C. Weimcr. We have the promise of Bro. Smith 
to commence a series of meetings in the Fruitdale church Feb. 7.— 
J. Z. Jordan. Fruitdale, Ala., Jan. 4. 
Phoenix.— Our Thanksgiving offering for the General Mission Board 
was 523.50. Recently we purchased forty -two primary chairs for 
the Sunday-school department. Our main churchhouse 
painted white. The Christmas program was well attended 
house listened appreciatively. The school was treated at the close 
of the program. Our calendar year's growth in the Sunday- 
school has been encouraging to the workers. The first quarter 
averaged thirty-seven; the second, fifty-one; the third, seventy-s.x; 
and the last, eighty-six. Dec. 30 a well prepared program was given 
by four students from La Verne, accompanied by their supervisor. 
They made many friends for the college, and their coming enlarged 
their, ideas concerning this great .State and the church work.— Mrs. 
D. W. Shock. Phoenix. Ariz.. Jan. 2. 


Chico congregation v on Thanksgiving Day gathered some of the 
needy and worthy into their service. The day was spent in praise 
and thanksgiving' At 11 A. M. a Thanksgiving message was delivered 
by our elder. At noon a meal was served. The afternoon was spent 
in a social way and was enjoyed by all present. Some assistance 
was given the ncedv. While Eld. S. S. Garst was here at the 
love feast he consented to assist in a revival which began Dee. 14. 
The meetings closed Dec. 27 and we feel we have been greatly 
blessed. The Deputation Team from La Verne College rendered 
a program Dec. 27 during the hour of the Young People'- ■ 
ing, which was enjoyed by a full house. Some 
lately located at Proherta, near Red Bluff, and ; 
placed their membership with us. Our r 
them on the second and fourth Sunday: 

afternoon. Bro. Arnic Wright is serving the Urctliren at uoaora 
twice a month with preaching services. Our Sunday-school is 
growing in numbers and interest; our attendance is around the 
one hundred mark. Our Voting People's Meeting, with Sister. Elvira 
Manson, president, is also gaining in favor* and interest. Should 
this item fall under the notice of any brethren seeking a location 
we invite you to investigate the possibilities of Chico.— Martha 
Harhtcher. Chico, Calif., Dec. 31. 

Empire.— Dec. 6 Bro. S. J. Miller, of La Verne, member of the 
General Ministerial Board, spoke concerning his work. On Christ- 
mas eve our Sunday-school gave an interesting program, each class 
responding with a part which helped make the program a success. 
An offering was taken at the close of the program for the orphans' 
home of our county. Dec. 25 the deputation team of La Verne 
gave us a message which was appreciated by a large audience. 
It has been decided to take up the book, " Teachers' Study of 
Life of Christ." We also will learn new songs at our Wednesday 
evening meetings— Pearl Wirth, Empire, Calif., Dec. 26. 

Live Oak.— On Sunday night, Dec. 20, our Christmas program was 
given. The work of each department was splendid but the special 
feature was " The Search of the Shepherds," by the Live Wire 
Class. This was a scries of twelve pageants, covering the events 
connected with the birth of the Christ Child. The evening of 
Dec. 25 brought us an illustrated talk on the first Christmas. Today 
at the morning preaching hour*the deputation team from La Verne 
College, gave a message on " Christ in Education," based on Luke 
2: 52, Lunch was- served at the church so that all could enjoy 
their short stay.— Albert Cntes, Live Oak, Calif., Dec.*27. 

Raisin City.— Various reports given at our last quarterly business 
meeting showed the work in excellent condition. The church decided 
to use the offering on the first Sunday of each month for missions, 
to be divided among general and home missions and La Verne 
College. The trustees were given authority to solicit funds for im- 
proving the bnsement of the church. G. W. Fink was selected 
of the board of trustees to fill the vacancy caused by 



of the Br< 


ng to 

, program 
,as Adorati 

Fresno. The choirs of the First 
nd Raisin City consolidated for 
splendid cantata entitled, 



being present. The request 
workers in and around tin 
The dividii 

: Scott 


^as directed by Mn 
City, Calif., Jan. i 


ization which 



council, Brefh: 

ie was duly co 
upon as well 
Weddle and Culp and e 
the Second Chui 

Culp and Weddle 
gregation for the 
lered and granted. 

other conditions. 

of Ir- 

that all correspondence intended for the 
congregation be addressed accordingly. The elder in charge is 
E. Wagoner; foreman, I. M. McCune; clerk, Chas. Carnegy; cor- 
respondent, the writer. Having no churchhouse of our own, and 
the one we now occupy being very inadequate, we are thinking 
seriously of providing better accommodations. Last night we enjoyed 
a rousing watch meeting in which the children took a prominent 
part. After light refreshments and a program of recitations, read- 
ings and miscellaneous exercises the watch meeting began with 
singing, scripture and prayer, closing at midnight.— G. C. Long, Ir- 

. Alia. 



Colorado Springs church met in coui 
Nickey presiding. The officers for th< 
Christian Workers' were elected for the 
superintendent, Bro. John Mitchel; C 
Sister Mitchel. A financial committee 
church solicitor and treasurer. Two 
installed: Bro. J. F. Flory 

cil Dec. 13, with Eld. S. G. 
church, Sunday-school and 
coming year: Sunday-school 

hristian Workers' president, 

was appointed to assist the 
deacons were elected and 

Sylvan Baker. Our Christ- 


mas program was given last Wednesday evening. A pageant, "The 
Messiah Comes," was given by nineteen of the young people. Our 
church is progressing very nicely under the leadership of our pastor, 
Bro. J. 0. Click— Edna Frantz, Colorado Springs, Colo,, Dec. 28. 

Fruita congregation celebrated the new year afternoon in council, 
putting on a program for 1926. Bro. Sharp, ninety years of age. 
acted as moderator. The prospect for the new year is very flatter- 
ing, with our very efficient pastor, Bro. J. H. Hcckman, " feeding 
the sheep," and our newly elected elder, Bro. Ira Frantz, co- 
operating with him. A number of committees and a Sunday -school 
board were arranged for more complete service. Bro, Ira Frantz was 
elected president of the Christian Workers' Meeting. We were 
: with us at this time, with his pleas- 
suggestions and remarks. Our Sunday-school 
Redeemer," was very ably and impressively 
, Fruita, Colo., Jan. 1. 


Farmington.— We have organized our Sunday-school for another 
year, Henry Fike being reelected superintendent, The children gave 
a Christmas program. On Sunday evening, Jan. 3, Emery Wine 
delivered an illustrated lecture on the World Court and the League 
of Nations. The children of the Sunday-school raised $58.04 for 
the India hospital.— Mrs. H. G. Baker, Bridgeville, Del., Jan. 4. 

to havt 
ing and helpful 
pageant. " The Wo 
rendered.— Effic Gn; 


Bowmont church met in council Dec. 29 for the annual election of 
officers, with J. L. Thomas presiding. Two letters were received 
and four granted. The following officers were ejected: J. L, [homns, 
elder; Rachel Pike, clerk; Chloe V. Gross, Sunday-school super- 
intendent. A short time ago Bro. John Deitz, of Detroit, Mich., gave 
two very spiritual sermons. Nov.' 28 Sister Rachel Fike gave an 
interesting report of the Sunday-school convention held at Payette, 
Idaho, on Thanksgiving Day. A short Christmas program was 
rendered Sunday evening, Dec. 27, after which Bro. Bruce Tharmg- 
ton. of Roswell, Idaho, gave us a fine message. The attendance and 
interest were good.— Chloe V. Gross, Bowmont, Idaho, Dec. 30, 

Clearwater church met in council Dec. 26. Our elder, Bro. Chas. 
M Yearout. not being present, the foreman, Bro. A. J. Detnck, 
presided. One letter was received. It was decided to hold a_ revival 

; on scrv i ee s oon. Our active membership is only 

... ,,rescnt. Officers tor the coming year were elected, with 

. u . Yearout, elder; Sister Mollie Harlacher, Sunday-school super- 
intendent; Bro. Paul Lind. Christian Workers' president. The church 
held Thanksgiving services, after which a basket dinner was served. 
An* offering of $17.20 was taken for the Mission Board. Our Sun- 
day-school also took an offering on Golden Rule Sunday for the 
Near East Relief.— Mrs. Ida Luid, Leiiore, Idaho, Dec. 30. 


Franklin Grove church met in business session Jan. 2, with Bro 
O D Buck presiding. One letter of membership was granted and 
five were received. Officers for the new year were elected. O. D. 
Buck' was reappointed elder for another year. The of the 
Franklin Grove church from its beginning h * ve nee » carefull > r 
written by C. M. Sutcr and given to the church, which appreciates, 
his efforts very much. The Mission Band from Mt. Morris College 
will be with us in the near future to give a program. Bro._ C. 
O. Beery, Martinsburg. Pa., will assist us the last of January in a 
revival effort. The income from the quarters given the children 
to invest last spring was returned in December and amounted to 
$178, which will go toward a hospital at D.thanu. India. Dec. 20 
we enjoyed a Christinas program given by the children. Our 
Aid Society is busy and ready for another year's work, with Florence 
Wingert, president.— Mary Lehman, Franklin Grove, 111., Jan. 2. 

Rockford church met in council Dec. 27. In spite of the mercury 
standing at 20 below zero our elder, Bro. W. E. West, of Mt. 
Morris, drove over and was present. The church decided to have 
a midweek prayer meeting and this will be held each Wednesday 
evening. During the past year the church at this place has had 
sixteen accessions by baptism and three have been reclaimed. Of 
late several have been received by letter. Dec. 20 the Sunday- 
school gave a very interesting Christmas program to a well-filled 
house.— Mrs. E. C. Wise, Rockford, III., Jan. 2. 

Springfield.— The church here has experienced a season of in- 
spiration and spiritual blessing.- Bro. J. F. Burton, of Greene, Iowa, 
conducted our revival the first two weeks of December. At that 
time thirteen came forward, ten of whom united with our church. 
Since then six others have been baptized. Since the work was 
begun here about five vears ago 113 have been received into the 
church, sixty-two by baptism and fifty-one by letter. There is a 
renewed interest in all phases of the work. One evening during the 
revival we enjoyed our regular yearly fellowship supper in the 
church basement. This is an event wc always look forward to. 
On Sunday evening preceding Christmas the children rendered a 
program. Following, the pastor showed stereopticon pictures of 
the Christmas story with appropriate scripture readings. The 
Ministers' Association of Southern Illinois convened here Dec. 31. 
These quarterly meetings prove helpful and inspiring to all who 
attend. New Year's evening Dr. L. S. Shively, of Mount Morris 
College, gave us his very interesting and instructive lecture, " An 
Evening With the Stars." Saturday evening following we observed 
the love feast. Our elder, -Bro. W. T. Heckman, was present, 
officiating. Bro. Heckman preached for us on Sunday morning 
and in the afternoon the church held its business meeting. Bro. 
Heckman was again chosen elder. Other officers for the year were 
elected. The young people have recently organized for a Teacher- 
training Class to be taught hy the pastor each Sunday evening 
during the Christian Workers' hour.— Mrs. J. C. Shull, Springfield, 
111., Jan. 5. 


Blue River church met in council Dec. 19, with Eld. L. U. Kreider 
presiding. Two letters were granted. Church and Sunday-«chool 
officers were elected as follows: Bro. Omar Zumbrun, superintendent 
of the Sunday-school (adult department); Bro. Chas. Zumbrun, church 
clerk; Bro. Amos Zeigler, "Messenger" agent; the writer, cor- 
respondent. Various other officers and committees were elected to 
complete the organization for the year's work. Dec. ' 13 Sister 
Bertha Neher gave us an inspiring message on " The Second Coming 
of Christ." Dec. 27 our primary department and young people gave 
a program, part of it being the beautiful pageant, " Holy Night."— 
Etta Bitting, Albion, Ind., Dec. 30. 

Buck Creek church met in council Dec. 19, with Eld. L. L. Teeter 
as moderator. All officers were elected for the coming year: Church 
clerk, Elmer Wampole; "Messenger" agent and correspondent, the 
writer; prayer meeting leader, Win, -Oxley; Sunday-school super- 
intendent. E. N. Cross; Christian Workers' president, Minnie Wam- 
pole. The Sunday-school gave a program. White Gifts for the 
King, Dec. 27. An offering of $68.20 was given to our missionary, ' 
Sister Nettie B. Summer. Dec. 19 four of our Sunday-school 
children were baptized.— Mrs. Phebe E. Teeter, Mooreland, Ind., 
Dec. 28. 

Fairview church met in members' meeting Dec. 30. We took an 
offering of $28.50 to be equally divided between the general budget 
and the Near East Relief. The council decided to select a permanent 
date for our annual love feast, the time being the second Saturday 
of October. It was also decided to have a new lighting plant 
installed in our churchhouse, and also to have the building insured. 
The Sunday-school was reorganized and selected Bro. Claude Remaly 
as superintendent. Church officers were also elected for another 
year as follows: Bro. Clarence Idle, clerk; the writer, correspondent; 
Bro. Jos. Fisher, " Messenger " agent. The annual reports given 
by the Sunday-school and church treasurers were very encouraging, 
showing a surplus on hand. During the year thirty-three have been 
added to our number by confession and baptism.— Lulu E. Root, 
Lafayette, Ind., Jan. 1. 

Guernsey.— We had a business meeting Dec. 2 for the election of 
Sunday-school and church officers for the coming year. The Sun- 
day-school superintendent is Bro. Gilbert McCombs; Sister Flossie 
McCray, " Messenger " agent; Sister Laura Sicklcr, correspondent. 
Dec. 4 about sixty of the Guernsey folks went to the home 'of our 
pastor, Bro. Chas. Oberlin, and family and surprised them by- 
filling their kitchen with many good things to cat, as each one 
took several pounds of vegetables, fruit, meat, sugar, butter and 
other things. Dec. 22 a very appropriate Christmas program , was 
given at the church.— Mrs. Cecil Sickler, Reynolds, Ind., Jan. 4 

Hickory Grove— We had a short Christmas program Dec. 20, 
after which Bro. J. A. Snell preached for us. We were glad for 
his presence and for his inspiring message. Our offering for 
World-wide missions was $139.70.— Cyntha E. Fox, Redkey, Ind., 
Dec. 29. 

Ladoga church met in council Dec. 12, with Eld. E. N. Goshorn 
presiding. The following officers were elected: E. N. Goshorn, elder; 
Sister Laura Miller, church correspondent; Bro. John A. Harshbarger; 
Sunday-school superintendent.— Mrs. Mark Himes, Ladoga, Ind., 
Dec. 26. 

Markle.— On Nov. 1 Bro. Jacob S. Zigler, of Portland, Ind., 
began a series of meetings with us and labored earnestly until the 
18th. While his health was a handicap during most of the time, 
yet he preached the Word in its purity and with power. The 
membership was strengthened and encouraged. Seven confessed 
Christ and have entered into Christian fellowship. On Nov. 29 we 

were glad to have with us our young minister, Ora Garber, who 
is attending college at North Manchester. He preached a fine 
sermon on Christian Living. Oct. 12 Bro. Jesse Cook, of North 
Manchester, who was called to the ministry by our church several 
years ago, preached a very acceptable sermon for us. Dec. 10 
Bro. Virgil Pinnel! delivered his illustrated peace lecture which was 
greatly enjoyed.— Etta B. Heaston, Huntington, Ind., Jan. 4. 

Mississinowa.-Uro. W. B. Stover began our series of meetings 
Dec. 8, preaching each night, also twice on Sundays— in all, twenty- 
one sermons. The meetings closed Dec. 23. Seven young people 
were baptized and much good was done by the spiritual sermons 
and visits in the homes. We were glad wc could have Bro. Stover 
with us and get acquainted and have his help. We greatly ci>;oyed 
hearing about his many experiences. He gave some stereopticon 
pictures of India, which were interesting and helpful. Bro. Ernest 
Boycr, of North Manchester, conducted our song services and was 
a good help to us.— Mrs. Alice E. Miller, Gaston, Ind., Dec. 29. 

Nappanee church met in business session Dec. 15, with Bro. David 
Metzler presiding. A number' of yearly reports were r (: .ad and ap- 
proved. We decided to help along i.-i the united charity work of 
the town, the different churches and societies contributing into 
one common fund to help the poor. The Christian Workers' officers 
were elected for the coming year, with Bro. John Metzler, presi- 
dent. A welfare board was also appointed. At the close of the 
meeting the church without a dissenting vote decided to advance 
Bro Galen Rover. Jr., to the eldershhip. Bro. Chas. Cnpe, ol 
Bremen, Ind., 'was here to assist in the ordination. We had 
very interesting, and instructive Christmas exercises Dec. 20, when 
the children gave the morning program -ml the young people a 
pageant in the evening.-Mrs. Almeda Geyer. Nappanee, Ind., Dec. 22. 

New Hope church met in council Oct. 24, with Eld. O. D. Werking 
presiding. We elected Sunday-school and church officers for the 
coming year with Bro Geo. .Dailey. Sunday-school superintendent; 
Bro. John Bedel, clerk; the writer, correspondent. Nov. 26 we 
spent the day at the church. Bro. J. J- Spall and Bro Carme 
Carpenter gave us interesting talks on Thanksgiving and love for 
one another. At noon a basket dinner was served. In the after- 
noon the audience was entertained by special songs, recitations and 
readings in keeping with the day .-Bessie Carpenter, Seymour, Ind., 
Dec. 29. 

Peru church met in council for the annual election of officers 
with Bro. A. G. Crosswhite presiding. Bro. Thos. Shiyely and 
wife assisted in our election. We retained most of the old officers. 
Wc decided to hold a Vacation Bible school next summer and a 
series of meetings the/early part of March. We had a father and 
son banquet Nov. 11. We had a nice Christmas program by the 
children Dec. 20 and the following evening a cantata.— Layman 
Peters, Peru, Ind., Dec. 28. 

Plevna church met in council Dec. .7, with Eld. F P. Hosteller 
presiding. Church .officers for the new year- arc as follows: Elder. 
Bro F P Hostetler; clerk, Bro. Harley Lorenz; church correspondent, 
the' writer Dec. 20 we reorganized our Sunday-school, with Bro. 
Earl Kendall, superintendent.— Tena Smith, Kokomo, Ind., Jan. 4. 

Upper Fall Creek church met in coyncil Dec. 26, with Bro. Frank 
Dillon as moderator. Bro. L. L. Teeter was elected elder for three 
more years. All officers for the coming year were chosen.— Rachel 

E. Alexander, Middlctown, Ind., Jan. 2, 


Cedar Rapids church elected officers for next year with but .little 
change being made. The writer is elder. We had our Chriatmas 
program the evening of Dec. 20 with a treat for the children. The 
fiscal year closed with finances in good condition and church work 
active along various lines and prospects for a good year ahead.— S. 
B. Miller, Cedar Rapids, Iowa, Jan. 4. 

Des Moines City.— Our second year as pastor closed Aug. 31. With 
the beginning of September we began thinking about the program 
for 1926. Our presiding elder, Bro. A. M. Stine. came Dec. 3 and 
directed the organization and planning for the next year. He was 
retained as our elder. Some changes were adopted, among them was 
what was termed " Financial Sunday." The plan was put into 
practice on Dec. 6. It gave very splendid satisfaction. Ihc amount 
of the budget was so nearly pledged on that day that we think 
it will be comparatively easy to meet our obligations for the ^ yea 
1926. The attendance and interest are splendid. On Dec. 26 and 
27 a Young People's Institute was held here. It was primarily for 
he bcnefit 8 of the middle group of churches of the State District 
Bro C D Bonsack and Bro. W. W. Peters, President of Mount 
Morris College, were the principal speakers. Yet there were many 
of the young people who rendered very fine and helpful service m 
making the Institute a success. The closing exercise was a Pageant, 
" Robert and Marv." given by the young people of the lanther 
Creek church. We arc glad for the association and uplift of such 
gatherings. One has been baptized since our last report and one 
is to be baptized soon.-D. F. Landis, Des Moines, Iowa, Dec. 30. 

Ottumwa.-The Aid Society elected officers for the coming year, with 
<^ter W. H. Brower, president. New Year's eve a watch party 
was held at the church. An impromptu program was given an. 
an enjovable evening spent. Dec. 28 a stereopticon progn 
given by Dr. Shively, of Mt. Morris-" An Evening With the 
Stars." His interesting talk was much appreciated by the audie 
Lawrence Clark, Qttumwa, Iowa, Jan. 2. 


Appanoose church met in business session Dec. 29, with Eld. J. 
M. Ward presiding. Eld. John Shcrfy and wife also were with us. 
Officers for church, Sunday-school and Christian Workers Society 
were chosen: Bro. C. W. Shoemaker, elder in charge; Bro. Jim i Sim- 
mons. "Messenger" agent; the writer, correspondent; Bro. Milton 
Ikenberry, superintendent of Sunday-school; Sister Florence Shoe- 
maker, president of Christian Workers. One letter was granted. We 
have had some sickness among our membership this fall and winter. 
Two of our older brethren passed away within a week s time: 
John Fishburn and Chester Drushel. We miss them ,n our church 
services as they were regular attendants and helpers.— Mrs. John 
B. Beckner, Qverbrook, Kans., Jan. 2. 

Buckeye church met in council Dec. 12. with Eld. C. A. Shank 
presiding. Church officers were chosen. Bro. Shank being re- 
elected elder. Mrs. E. Derrick is church clerk; Mrs. J. F. Correll, 
Sundav-school superintendent; Florence M. Bowser president of 
Christian Workers. Bro. W. A. Kinzie, of Kansas City, Mo., con- 
ducted ten days of helpful and inspirational meetings in November.— 
Mrs. J. E. Bowser, Abilene, Kans., Jan. 5. 

Calvary church held its regular business meeting Dec. 15 ; At this 
time we decided to have our church year begin Oct. 1 instead of 
Tan 1 The church and her several activities were reorganized by 
'selecting a corps of spiritual, intelligent and devoted servants. 
Some of the principal officers are as follows: Church clerk, Sister 
Chas Harvcv correspondent. Sister Leo Bartmess; Sunday-school 
superintendent', Bro. Ernest Goens; Christian Workers' president. 
Bro lohn Alexander; prayer meeting directors. Loyd Ross, and li. 
W Burchficld. The church is working with a fine spirit of co- 
operation as evidenced by the following goals which have been 
set: 50 per cent increase in attendance at all services; every 
member attending; every member a worker; every member a payer; 
every member a prayer; over the top with the budget. Following 
is a' brief summary of the work done during the year: Number of 
sermons, 124; sessions of Sunday-school, 52; Christian Workers 46; 
gospel team, 43; pravcr meeting, 41; Sisters' Aid, 80; boys club, 7; 
toTal attendance at worship, 6,913; at Sunday-school. 4,970; Chris- 
tian Workers, 2,515; Gospel Team, 639; prayer meeting, 625; Sisters- 
Aid 400- boys' club, 35; sermonettes, 80; council meetings held, 
4; funerals, 7; communion meetings. 2; visits and calls, 334; bap- 
tisms l 1 " restored 6. Total amount of money received by all 
departments, for all purposes. $1.200.-Geo. R. Eller, Kansas City. 
Kans., Dec. 29. 

Wichita (First).— Dec. 23 the Sunday-school rendered an interest- 
ing Christinas program. On Sunday night following a pageant, " The 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 16, 1926 


to/ J. We 
jt A'ery much. 

Light of the World," was presented— a very beautiful and impressive 
service. By request it was presented at the West Side church on 
Tuesday evening. Dec. 30 the church met in business session. 
Church officers were elected for the year: H. F. Crist, elder; Bro. 
Lester Hubbard, church clerk; Orpha Highbarger, " Messenger " 
agent. The trustees are adding two new Sunday-school rooms. The 
rooms in the primary department were recently rearranged and 
scorated. A junior Christian Workers' Band was organized 
i using the new Brethren Hymnal and like 
much. The church hereafter will be known as the First 
church instead of the East Side church, this heing the legal name. 
Bro. Earl Frantz, of Nickerson, Kans., will begin a revival here 
Jan. 7. A number of our members are deprived of attending services 
at this time on account of serious illness.— Bettie Crist, Wichita, 
Kans., Jan. 4. 


Mt. Zion church is now conducting Sunday-school and all church 
services in the chapel at San Mar, continuing until April 1. Sun- 
day-school officers were elected for the ensuing year, with Bro. John 
Wishard, superintendent. The evening following officers were chosen 
for the Christian Endeavor Society, with Bro. R. E. Bell, president. 
Recently we enjoyed a splendid program given by the Rocky Ridge 
and Detour Sunday-schools, also by the Men's Bible Class, of the 
llagerstown church. Dec. 5 we had the pleasure r,f havii 

Bfo. Wilbur Stover, who gave 
work. A splendid Christmas 
, Dec. 27.— Mrs. W. F. Carte, 

,'ery interesting talk on 
program was rendered Sunday 
Boonsboro, Md., Jan. 5. 

San Mar Home for the Aged.— An unusually merry Christmas was 
enjoyed by the aged folks. At present there are fifty-three members 
in the Home. All were able to enjoy the chicken dinner. Gifts 
were received from the following: Men's Bible Class, of the Hagers- 
town church, Meadow Branch Sunday-school, Hagcrstown Grocery 
Company, Ladies' Aid Society of Mt. Zion church, John Galor, 
Mrs. Geo. Slabaugh and Sister Sudie Barnhart. Quite a number 
of donations have been received from various churches. The interest 
manifested in the Home is greatly appreciated. The management 
as well as members of the Home wish to thank all contributors. — 
Mrs. W. F. Cartee, Boonsboro, Md., Jan. 7. 


th W. H. Gc 

Bro. W. H. Good as 

-ch by letter. Officers 

M. L. Moats, super-. 

■ill clean t! 
:ott, Mich., 


.ire in staling a funiai 
on New Year's Day. 
dinner there. — Mildred Wi 


Malmo. — We reorganized our Sunday-school, with Paul Swallow, 
superintendent. AH correspondence for the church" should be ad- 
dressed to Sister Jas. T. Deyoung, Glen, Minn. The writer and 
wife have returned to Malmo. the latter having recovered from the 
sickness that took us to Colorado two years ago. The brethren 
and friends surely gave us a whole-hearted welcome home again. 
Some came for many miles with baskets well filled. We spent 
the day together in service and visiting.— Jas. F. Swallow, Malmo, 
Minn., Dec. JO. 

Minneapolis.— Thanksgiving Day was spent in an all-day meeting 
at the church, with a sermon in the morning, fellowship dinner, 
meeting in the afternoon and love feast in the evening. An offer- 
ing of $85 was given toward the missionary deficit. Bible Sunday 
was observed in a special program by the laymen of the church. 
In the evening the young people's section of the Christian Workers 
gave a missionary program, a part of which was a debate. Dec. 
lj the pastor gave the first illustrated lecture of the season— 
The Social Aspects of Foreign Missions. Dec. 19 the annual Christ- 
mas sale of the Aid Society was held downtown, the proceeds 
amounting to §156.32. The Christmas program was given Sun- 
day evening, Dec. 20. The closing part was made practical by 
each Sunday-school class bringing an offering. Watch night services 
were held at the church. Rev. Iven E. Deer, of the city, gave a 
splendid address on " The Three Essentials for Christian Progress 
in 1926." The " Messenger " correspondent for the year will be Mrs. 
Alonzo Kesler.— Mrs. D. H. Keller, Minneapolis, Minn., Jan. 2. 



Tting the fol- 
nd elder, Bro. 
i. E. L. Shoe- 
;spondent, the 

Smithfork.— At our regular qu 
lowing officers \verc chosen for 
Harvey Haste tier; clerk and secretary- treasure 
maker; " Messenger " agent, Bro. B. F. Bricke 
writer; Sunday-school superintendent, Mrs. Cora Hoov 
Workers' president (adult), Geo. Hoover. The officers will begin 
work with the new year. All departments of church and Sunday- 
school work have been active the past year.— Ada Sell, Plattsburg, 
Mo., Jan. 3. 

South St. Joseph church met in council Dec. 2S, with Eld. Jas. Jt, 
Mohler in charge. We elected officers for another year as follows: 
the writer, pastor in charge; Sister Mae Wolfe, clerk; Bro. Jess 
Palmer, Sunday-school Superintendent. We decided to organize a 
Christian Workers' Society. The Aid Society reorganized by elect-, 
ing Sister Hancock, president. Bro. Hancock and Bro. Jess Palmer 
were elected trustees for three years. Dec. 20 a husband and wife 
were baptized. The church seems to be taking on new life for a 
successful year.— E. N. Huffman, St. Joseph, Mo., Jan. 2. 


South Beatrice.— On Thanksgiving evening our revival began, with 
our pastor, Bro. Ellenberger, doing the preaching. The meetings 
were well attended and the interest was good. At the end of 
tun days eleven had come out. Bro. Ellenberger's voice gave out 
and Bro. Jarboe and wife were persuaded to come and take up 
the work, which was continued two weeks. Bro. Jarboe gave us 
good sound gospel sermons. Twenty-nine were baptized. Dec, 21 
we held our love feast, with most of the members present. Bro. 
E. H, Eby was with us. We had a very good, quiet meeting. Our 
Aid gave an oyster supper in the basement and sold many pretty 
and useful articles. We cleared §50. When this was over Bro. 
Eby gave a talk on " Fighting Caste in India. " Sunday we had 
a Christmas program and a treat of candy and nuts from Uncle 
John Shock ' and wife. This is the third year they have treated 
Hie Sunday-school— Hattie Dell Frantz, Holmesville. Nebr., Dec. 29. 


i met in council Dec. 12, with Eld. W. H. Handy 
gather being bad there was not a very large 
landy preached an interesting sermon on Sunday 
Ml a large congregation. 'The church is twelve miles from Galax, 
• a., our nearest railroad station. We are not visited very much 
by our ministers and would be glad if they would stop and preach 
for us.— Mrs. Elizabeth Green, Eunice, N. C. Jan. 1. 


Kenmare church 'met in council Dec. 26, with Eld, G. I. Michael 

presiding. Church and Sunday-school officers were elected for the 

G. I. Michael, reelected elder; Sister 

e, superintendent; Sister Effic Michael, 

;r, correspondent. — Jennie Harris, Ken- 


council Dec 5, with Bro, S. A. Bless- 

:e letters were received. Bro. P. S. 

ndent. Our revival meetings began 

gclist. Ten accepted Chris 

been added to the church during the year. Out of our enroll, 
mum i.ii eighty- eight, twenty -four received prizes for perfect at- 
tendance; six had not missed a Sunday. Financially wc have done 
W ell , the regular offerings were §177, plus $50 donated by the 
children and young people for the support of an orphan in India. 
The school rendered a program Christmas evening which consisted 
of readings, recitations, dialogs and a play, " The Christmas Spirit." 
Afterward a treat was given the scholars. Jan. 3 we reorganized 
our Christian Workers' Society by electing Bro. Alva Garner, presi- 
dent.— Mrs. Asenath Baker, Lemoync. Ohio, Jan. 4. 

Castine church met in council Dec. 19. Our elder, S. A. Blessing, 
was unable to be present so Bro. Jos, Louganccker presided. One 
letter was received and one granted. The committee decided to 
remodel our church. It was decided, to pay the home ministers 
just the same as the outside ministers. We had our election and 
Bro. C. C. Slade was chosen superintendent. Members were chosen 
on the missionary, ministerial and finance .committees. The Ladies' 
Aid Society and the finance committee gave their report for the 
year. We had our Christmas program on Sunday night, Dec. 27.— 
Mrs. Mary Rinchart, New Madison, Ohio, Jan. 2. 

Dcshler congregation met in council Jan. 2, with our elder, J. F. 
Horuish, as moderator. Our delcgales to District' Meeting arc 
Brethren S. O. Wilcox and Geo. Buchanan; alternates, Esther 
Dishong aud Bernice Rutter. Sunday-school superintendent is Bro. 
Webb Buchanan, Jr.; clerk, Esther Dishong. Bro. J. F. Hornish 
preached for us on Sunday, which was greatly appreciated as we 
have no resident pastor.— Mrs. Esther Dishong, Deshler, Ohio, Jan. 4. 

Ft. McKinlcy church met in members' meeting Dec. 9, with Eld. 
E. S. Pctry as moderator. Elders Parker Filbrun and Van B. 
Wright assisted. Eld. E. S, Pctry was chosen presiding elder for 
the coining year"; W. C. Baker, adult Sunday-school superintendent, 
The reports of the various committees showed that the church 
made much progress during the past year. The Christmas season 
was very appropriately celebrated. A Christmas tree party was 
held in the primary rooms for the children. The active Y. P. D. 
presented to the church a very beautiful reproduction of the 
Sistine Madonna. It was unveiled by the president, Miss Vera 
Albert, and accepted for the church by the pastor, D. R. Murray. 
The congregation, by rising, showed their appreciation. The choir, 
directed by Llowcll Bollinger, rendered a cantata on the Sunday 
evening before Christmas. On Christmas eve the Sunday-school gave 
a very splendid program. At this service White Gifts were given 
for those in need in the community. We are praying and planning 
for even greater things (or his Kingdom in 1926.— Mrs. D, R. Murray, 
Dayton, Ohio, JJec. 29. 

Eversole church met in council, with Eld. C. G. Erbaugh pre- 
siding. Visiting brethren were R. N. Lcathcrman, N, V. Erbaugh, 
Parker Filbrun and J. W. Fidler. Church and Sunday-school of- 
ficers were elected, with R. C. Priser, Sunday-school superintendent. 
The report of the Daily Vacation Bible 'School was read and ac- 
cepted, the average attendance being ninety. one. Since our Inst 
report we have enjoyed the pleasure of having with us such 
enthusiastic workers as J. W. Robinson, secretary of Religious 
Education, and Bro. Snyder, who gave a very interesting illustrated 
lecture on peace. Bro. Edson Ulery, of North Manchester, recently 
closed a ten-day revival. There was one accession to the church.— 
Mrs. R, C. Priser, New Lebanon, Ohio, Dec. 28. 

Fostoria.— The pastor and his wife are again at the post of duly, 
both in the home and in the church, after quite a long siege of 
typhoid. Dec. 6 the purity program, arranged by the General Welfare 
Board, was presented. Dec. 6 two were baptized. Dec. 27 a splendid 
Christmas program was rendered, a White Gift pageant being the 
main feature. An offering of about §65 was received for mission 
work.— Mrs. I. J. Gibson, Fostoria, Ohio, Dec. 30. 

Greenville.— Our services on Thanksgiving Day 
attended. H. M. Coppock, of Tippecanoe City, reminded 
the many blessings we enjoy and presented the need of a \ 
among the weak churches of Southeren Ohio, in the mo' 
district. He also officiated at our communion in the evening. Our 
quarterly business meeting was held Dec. ,11. Bro. Sharp was re- 
elected elder for the coming year; Bro. John Weimer, superintendent 
of the Sunday-school; Bro. Win. Marker, trustee. All other church 
officers were elected also. Sister Elizabeth Hoks is "Messenger" 
correspondent. Dec. 20 the Sunday-school rendered 
program. Our Aid Socielv was reorganized for the yeti 
Witwer, Greenville. Ohio, Jan. 2, 

Middle District congregation met in council lo elect officers for 
the new year. Reports from present committees were heard and 
approved. Due to the use of the envelope system the year's work 

was closed with all bills paid and a margin ahead. The Tip] inoi 

mission work will be continued.— Roy Karns, Tippecanoe City, Ohio, 
Jan. 6. 

North Poplar Ridge church met in council Dec. 12, with Eld, 
Guthrie presiding. Officers were elected for the coming year. It 
was decided to use the envelope system to take up the offering for 
the yearly budget. We held a scries of meetings Dec. 6 to 20. In 
all seventeen gospel-inspired sermons were given by Bro. A. M. 
Bashor, of Lawreuceburg, Tenn. Much serious interest w.ib manifested 
" " the faith.— Mrs. E. E. Travis, Defiance, 


Albany.— Dee. 27 the Sunday-school held their Christmas program 
at the usual preaching hour at 7:30 P. M. Eld. Geo. Strycker 

atehec, gave us a splendid Cli 
the 1'rince of Peace." Wc are jus 
Society organized, with Bro. Jos. 
planning for a more aggi 
under the leadership of Eld. 
Ore., Jon. 4. 


Chiques church met in council Nov. 28, 
11 S. Zug. S. S. Esbelman, H. L. Hes: 
C. Zug and Allen G. Beck. 
voice of the chui 

;ssage on " Christ as 
t getting our Christian Workers' 
. G. Pratt, president. We are 
campaign for Christian growth. 
Smith.— Eugene W. Pratt. Albany, 


home elders, 

d adjoining elders, John 

visiting ciders took the 

to fill the place of our departed 

Little Pine ch 
presiding. The 

■Messenger " agent; the < 
mare, N. Dak., Jan. 2. 

Beech Grove church met 
"Jg as elder in charge. Thre. 
Ehy was reelected superinten 
D «- 7, with Bro. C. H. Petry 
a s their Savior. We feel that Bro. Pctry has 
ft ast.-Mrs. Russet! Pease, New Madison, Ohio, Jfli 

Black Swamp chur'ch met in council Ja 
Presiding. We elected Sunday-school officers 
wilh Bro. Walter Kurfes, superintendent. Wc 
tf) e condition of our Sunday-school. 



,ith Eld. J. L. Guthrie 

fairly well 


. Anna 

- and many 
Ohio, Jan 

Pointer Creek 

elect officers 

ngthened i 


for the 
: the I 

ch met 

ncil Dec. 12 to reorganize and 
Bro. Lawrence Krcidcr was 
:r for two years. Ethel Loxley 
itendent. A number of other 
n to serve in the different dc- 
1 held Thanksgiving 

elected Sunday 
officers and committees were chosen to 
partments of the church. At a special 
.veiling Bro. Walter Swinger was called lo the ministry. Bro 
Wesley Hocker and Bro. Chas. Snyder were chosen deacons. Oui 
si ries of meetings will begin Jan. 10, with E. E. Esbelman, of Wood. 
land, Mich., in charge. Cathrine Royer : ~ 
lespondent.— Mrs. Irvin Fourman, Greenville, 

Pleasant Hill.— Since our last report a you! 
were received into the church by baptism. ' 
a Christmas sale and supper early in December, the 
of which were about S65. Our White Gift offering 
with our Christmas program was approximately $125, 
ior District mission work, besides many gifts of food 
from the primary department. The Young People' 
of Southern Ohio was held here Dec. 25-27. Wc 
enjoyed entertaining this splendid, wide-awake and con 
of young folks. Bro. V. F. Schwalm, Dean of Man 
gave the main addresses. We expect Bro. Frank 
China, to be with us Sunday morning. Jan. 17. Ou 
[s starting off the new year with renewed enthusi 
Raymond Dccter as superintendent.— Mrs. J. C. Flora 
Ohio, Jan. 6. 

Pleasant Valley church. (Ohio) closed a very successful revival 

Ohio, Jan. 5. 

usband and wife 
Aid Society held 

to be 'used 
; nd clothing 


crated band 
hestcr College, 

m, with Bro. 
Pleasant Hill, 

Dec. 20, with eleven being added to 
spirit W as manifested by all. Wc als 
meeting Dec. 23. The following officer 
[Jro, W. A. Clark; elder. Bro. Ivn 
granted to Brother and Sister Arthu 

was the a 

tod., Dec. 

Portage. - 


Kingdom. A very good 
held our quarterly members' 
were elected: Superintendent, 
Erbaugh. One letter was 
Dodge. Bro, David Minnich 
-Grace Rhoades, Union City, 

this church as an inexperienced pastor and found a small 
liscouragcd group of people. Since then by the 
n of both pastor and people the work has gone 
We had expected Bro. O. P. Haines to be with 
ast August. Bro. J. A. Guthrie was with us one 
f November, giving US several Gospel messages, 
nued the meeting the following week. One was 
28 — a season of rejoicing. 

:ting elder . 


It has beer 


and somewli 

!■.!]'■■ I" ■ ■' 

steadily forwar 

week the last of Novcmbei 
The pastor continued the I 
baptized. We held our com 
New dear's Day our elder, 
council. Bro. Henry Daui 
and Sist 

rilh us for 

in is our superintendent for the 
ler Goldie Farabec, Christian Workers' presi- 
t. Bro. Garner was retained as elder for another year.— Max 
tsough. Portage, Ohio, Jan. 5. 

Bro. M. G. Hollinger. The result was that Bro. Elmer H. Zug 
was chosen and installed with his wife. Other officers for 1926 
Were elected, with Bro. M. B. Cinder, superintendent for the Chiques 
Hill Sunday-school, aud Bro. Hershcy Zug for Mt, Hope. Bro. M. - 
B, Ginder is president of the Christian Workers' Society and Sister 
Kale K, Zug, president of the Sisters' Aid Society. Nov. 28 Eld. 
Daniel Bowser, from York, Pa., came into this church and began 
a series of meetings at the Mt, Hope bouse. He preached nineteen 
Spirit -filled, profitable sermons to large, attentive audiences. The 
church was built up ami one confessed Christ and has been bap- 
tised since.— P. C- Geib, Manheim, Pa., Jan. 2. 

Fnirviow church (Georges Creek) met in council Dec. 4, with Eld. 
F. F. Durr presiding. The following officers were elected; Church 
secretary and Sunday-school superintendent, Sister Anna Cover; 
Christian Workers' president, Bro. J. P. Mcrrymon; the writer, 
" Messenger "• agent and correspondent. We also met in general 
council Jan. 1, with Eld. J. E. Whilacre presiding. He was re- 
elected elder for another year, with Bro. D. F. Lcplcy, general 
secretary. Our Sunday-school rendered a fine Christmas program. 
The Intermediate class, the writer, teacher, lifted a Christmas 
offering of 55.50 to be used for mission work in India,— Grace Merry- 
man, Masontown. Pa.. Jan, 4, 

Gcminntown church gave thrir Christmas entertainment Dec. ^S. 
As usual the children <i( the Sunday -school t«ok the leading parts. 
Our Sunday-school attendance for the first Sunday in the new 

year was 301. Raymond Norm, ol our boys who is a student 

at Juniata College, led the prayer meeting Doe, 31. As these notes 

arc being read our series tcctings will be on. Ilro. Brouglicr, 

ol Grccnshurg, Pa., will be with us, Jan, 4 wc held our yearly 
busmen a meet inn, with Bro. Swigart presiding, tie was elected ior 
another year, Most ol the present officers were retained, Action 
was taken toward the purchase of another oryau lor the church. 
Should we succeed in gctline. this organ Adam Geibcl 'be noted 
blind composer and organist has promised to give us the first 
recital. Frank P, Jcaier, Gcrmantown, L'a., Jan. (.. 

Glndo Run clmrcl I in council Dee, 2(i, with our pastor in .'barge. 

Bro. J. Lloyd Nudrow was elected elder ior the comity /car. Church 
and Sunday- school officers wee chosen for the new year. Bro. 
Lewis Dowser was reelected dcaconj Bro. Alfred Dowser, clerk; 

Bro, Itoj Mollis Suntlny-schoo! itiperintcndent; Sister Maura 

Bowser, '* Messenger " correspondent, We had an enter t am nun t 

Christmas evening given by the children of the Sundaj >i I. 

Our pastor was presented with a purse of money. A collection 
was taken foi home missions, also ,i special Sunday-school col- 

leoti I Dee -7 was given for home missions. Our Sunday- 

tichool and church services are well attended and we arc looking 
forward to one of the best years in the history of our church.— 
Mir. Carman Bowser, Kitlaiining, l'a., Jan. 5. 

Hanover. -Bro. Walter Thomas, of Westminster, Md.. preached for 
us Dec, 20, from Psa. 51, using for his theme, "There Is a God." 
Ilro. Chatlnccy Trimmer, ol York, l'a., preached for us >n the 
evening. We met in council Dec. 30, with Eld. Chas. L. U.iker 
presiding. Ilro, Grant Croup was with us also. Officers ot various 
committees were elected. Sister Vera Ila.Um.-ui will direct our 
Vacation Bible School this summer. Uro, ClRs. Hull .van re- 
elected Sunday-school superintendent and Bro. Jacob E. Myers, presi- 
dent of the Christian Workers' Meeting; the writer, correspondent. 
Bro. Jacob Stauller preached lor us Christmas evening. Bro. Roy 
Miller, a student of Blue Ridge College, preached for us Sunday 

morning, Dec. fl . The -S lay ichool elected officers and teachers 

Jan. 3.— Mary A. Rhinehnrt, Hanover, l'a,, Jan. -I. 

Indian Creek church met in regular council Dec, 5, with Kid. 
James B, Shisb-r presiding. Sonfe regular routine business was 
disposed of, such as rcadfug ol reports, election of Sunday-school 
officers for the year 1926, etc. Brethren Frank' D, Moyer and Jonas 
N. Cassel were elected superintendents, The missionary solicitors 
reported the collection of a total of $167 which it was voted lo 
contribute to the General Mission Board to help " wipe out " the 
deficit. We hatl a well attended and interesting service on Thanks- 
giving Uav at which an offering was also lifted for the benefit of 
The General Mission Board, which amounted to (163, Bro. A C 
Baugber. of Elisabeth town, was with us in our regular Christmas 
morning services and favored us with a very helpful and inspiring 
sermon. On Sunday evening. Dec. 13, a number of the members of 
our church met in a " surprise gathering " at the home of Eld. 
James B. Shisler and wife, and presented them with a purse oi $137 
as a gift from the church in honor of their fiftieth wedding an- 
niversary.— MaLhias P. Landis, Vcrnneld, l'a,, Jan. 6. 

Lancaster church met in council Dec. 9, with Eld. R. P Bucher 
presiding. Officers for both church and Sunday. school were elected: 
superintendent of the adult division, Christian L. Martin; church 
correspondent, Ida Fisher. Two deacons also were elected: Bro. 
C. L. Martin and O. G. Witmer. Elders S. H. Hertzlcr and David 
Kilbefner assisted in the election. Mrs. Cora M. Stahly. of Nap- 
panec, Ind„ gave us a week of music instruction, closing Dec. 20 
with a recital. A very interesting program was rendered to a 
large and appreciative audience. A chorus of some forty voices 
of the Codorus church rendered several selections. Mrs. Stahly 
had been engaged in similar work there the week previous. Bro. 
H. Stanley Ober, . of Elizahcthtown, delivered a splendid temperance 
address on the morning of Dec. 27. Preceding the sermon our 
local " No Tobacco Contest " was held. Miss Caroline Missimer 
was the winner and will represent the Lancaster Sunday-school at 
intest at East Petersburg. Dec. 27 the children rendered 
„tmas program, consisting of songs, recitations and ex- 
ercises— EBtclla Frantz Martin, Lancaster, Pa., Dec. 29. 

Licking Crcck.-Sincc our last report we lifted an offering for 
the Old Folks' Home. Recently one has been added to the church 
by baptism.— Roy Mason, Plum Run, Pa., Dec. 22. 

Lost Crock congregation met in annual council Jan. t and elected 
the following officers: Bro. C. E. Grapes, pastor and elder; Bro. 
S. H. Burns, Sunday-school superintendent. Our pastor gave a 
report of his work for the year, showing a gain of twenty-one 
members Wc have an active Sisters' Aid Society which is doing 
quite a lot of charitable work. The young men's Bible class of 
our school arranged with Brethren Baughcr and Schlosser, o£ 
Llizabcthtown, to conduct a Bible Institute for us sometime ago 
which was well attended and appreciated by all. Jan. 1 one 
hundred and six of the members gathered at our pastor's home 
and gave them a surprise donation party which seemed to be 
enjoyed by all. The work of the church is progressing nicely 
under the leadership of our pastor and wife.— John H. Shellen- 
bergcr, McAlistervillc, Pa„ Jan. 2. 

Mart ins burg .—Wc have recently organized a Christian Workers 
Meeting, with Bro. C. E. Kensinger, head of the adults. The 
Thanksgiving offering was to go lo the General Mission Board. We 
had a program Christmas evening for which much credit is due those 
who trained the children. They also did their part well and at 
the close of the service received a treat. The Sunday-school elected 
officers with Bro. G. B. Wineland. superintendent. President of 
missionary meeting is Bro. John Beery. We arc now in the midst 
of the week of prayer, in which all the churches of the town 
unite. The first service was held in our church Sunday evening. 
At the close of these services Jan. 4 the pastor, Bro. Beery, will 
(Continued on Page *S) 

! group i 



THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 16, 1926 


(Continued from Page 43) 

David C, Fresno, 
Calif.; Mrs. Rose 
Spencer, Pomona : 
111., and Mrs 
At the early age of thirteen 

and united with the Church of the 

Calif.; Jesse C, Butte City, Calif.; 
Calif ■ Mrs. G. E. Olmstead, Pomona. 

Calif.; Mrs. Cora Fackler, Ashton, 
Sazel Price, Washington College, Tenn. 
he accepted Jesus as his 

married to 
daughters. He 
after his 
s deacon 

son of J. 
his home 

personal Savior 

Brethren. April 7, 1877, he was called to the munstry ... 
Ohio and served his home church for twenty-six years. 
He was a forceful speaker, a man of deep conviction 
who not only preached the Gospel but lived it m 
7e vice to his fellow-men and to his God. For many years 
L traveled over 2,000 miles annually, for the most part 
on horseback. Oftentimes he would read a book while 
riding across the hills to his appointment. He was a care- 
ul student of the Book and the years of his ministry 
were fruitful. He had as many as forty-six converts m 
a single meeting. As a representative of the District of 
Southern California and Arizona he served on the Stand 
ing Committee at the Annual Conference in St Joseph, 
1911 While the record of his work is not com- 
known that he officiated at 150 weddings and 
rals and received several hundred into 
the church by baptism. 

He had been in failing health for some time and an 
irfvalid for nearly ten months. At his request Rev. George 
Bashor, of Glendora, Calif., preached h.s funeral, 
local pastor assistin 

' Ball, Chas. 
W. Va., died 
65 years, 2 moni 
Kansas in 1870. 

ont daughter preceded hi 
a number of grandchild 
the Church of the Bret) 
a true and devoted Chi ' 

and Mehitable Ball, born in Elizabeth, 
ir Belleville, Kans., Dec. 4, 1925, aged 
lays. He came with his parents to 
Carrie Gooch Aug. 29, 1883. To this 
„„ and four daughters; two sons and 
m Surviving are his wife, eight children, 
-en and three brothers. He united with 
ren about thirty-five years ago and lived 
tian life. He held the office of deacon for 

twenty-seven years. As long as strength permitted he 
regular attendant at chutch and Sunday -schoo) and was « 
to lend a helping hand when needed. During *■■ 
of eighteen months he was bedfast only twenty- 
all his suffering he was patient. Services by 
Church of the Brethren near Belleville, Kans. 
etery.— W. P. Strole, Kansas City, 



ix days. Through 
the writer in the 
Interment in the 

e Dunba 

grew to manhood in Douglas County. Kans., and 
Martha Barnhart May 6, 1686. There were twt 
became a member of the Church of the Brethren soon 
marriage and remained faithful until death. He served 
m'mv vcars discharging his duties faithfully. He also 
church "treasurer and teacher of the men's Bible class for 
of years. He was a liberal giver, not only of his *"-■• 
helning the unfortunate or'~ 
orphan boys a home. He 
four brothers and one sis 

son One sister preceded him some years ago. i>erv 
W A. Kinzie. Burial in the Appanoose cemetery .- 
Beckner, Overbrook, Kans. 

Fralin, John Wm„ born in Franklin County, Va. died in Sum- 
merfidd Kans., Dec. 4. 1925, aged 70 years, 4 months and 2 days. 
Sr was married to Sarah E. Flora Oct. 9. 1881. To th.s union 
. born, all of whom are living. Bro. Frahn umted 
"ircn in 1882 and lived a consistent 
: writer, assisted by Bro. John Eby, 
Interment in the church cemetery.— 

r a number 
ans but in 

giving two 
two daughters, 
and one foster 
■rvices by Bro. 
J. B. 

nine childre 

with the Church of the Br 
life till death. Services by 
at the Richland Cer 



of Wo, and J: 
S, 1925, aged 43 years, 1 mo 
ghborhood with his parents 
this community except for 
:s. One sister and a fostc 


plete it is 
preached 100 fui 

2 day 

child and spent all his lite in tms con 

in Iowa with his grandparents. One 

preceded him. He leaves father, mother, one si 

Services by the writer.-D. C. Campbell, Colfax, 

Bricker, Sister Fianna, born in Lancaster Count; 
1850 died at the home of her daughter near A 
an illness of three months. Aug. 10, 1871, she m. 
Bricker! who survives with three sons and one 
daughter preceded her. In 1882 she united with 
the Brethren and lived a faithful Christian life. 
Astoria church by Bro. Chas. Walters, assisted by T 

vhen a 

ter ai 



rried Daniel K. 
daughter. One 
Church of 




him. Interment was made at 
,ood by the side of his first wife. 
Another one of our faithful veterans of the Cross ; has 
passed to his reward. The world is a little better for h.s 
life; the church he loved and served is stronger, and 
he has honored his Lord with a life of faithful service. 
He has gone to his reward. With Bro Bashor we can 
Blessed are the dead who die in the Lord. 
Edgar Rothrock. 

Elizabeth (Bar- 
sister survive. She was 
late home by Br 
[oore. Interment e 


say of him: 

La Verne, Calif. 



>. We held 45 rueet- 

verings, sun-bonnets, 

nd sold extracts and 

substantial sums toward the payment 

'oward a new furnace for the church, to 

Virginia Industrial School and to the Ruth 

; also provided coal, brooms and 

BERKEY, PA. (Shade Creek).-Enrollment, 
ings at which we quilted, made prayer 
aprons, etc. We also stamped quilt patche: 
cook books. We have i 
of the local church deb 
home missions, to th< 

Rover Kulp Memorial fund. We hav c 

utensils for the church and visited and given gifts to the 
Irs. Florence E. Livingstone, Window, Pa. 

Cfl-We held 12 meetings; average attendance. 11. 
„ was making quilts and comforts. We sent to 
n Board $20; for Africa hospital and State District 
of pillow slips and a quilt to a needy family; gave 
ie Indian brother and sister of our congregation. 
Officer's*: President, Sister Olive Noll; Vice-President Sister Hatt.e 
Witter- Superintendent. Sister Martha Shrider; Secretary the 
writer? Treasurer. Sister Jennie Noll.-Mrs. Ruth Mishler, Butternut, 
Mich. ' 

ENGLISH RIVER, lOWA.-Enrollment. 26. 
meetings, with an average 



General M 
work, $14; 

of quilting and sewing- 
for our annual sale, a 
the Children's Hospital 
and canned apple sauce 
the Industrial School, 1 
sent 29 pounds of cookie 
80 pounds 


giving. We received $31.35 the past six 
from sale of miscellaneous articles; reci 
we have a -fund of $150; total paid o 
Flory; Superintendent, Bertha Holsopple 

,. attendance of 17. Our work c 
, ; e made dresses, aprons and fancy 
i 15 . dresses and 60 other articles for 
at Iowa City. We made apple butter 
or the District Meeting. We sent $25 to 
icas; gave fruit and flowers to the sick; 
lo Home Finding Association at Ottumwa; 
Christian Home at Council Bluffs for Thanks- 

J. D. Miller. 
Gibble, Astoria, 111. 
Brindle, Sister Catherine, widow of George Brindle was found 
dead in bed by her daughter on Christmas morning. Although she 
had been a victim of diabetes for several years she was no worse 
than usual and her death was unexpected. She is survived by two 
sons and two daughters by a former marriage to Joseph Demutta. 
She has been a consistent member of the Church of thi 
for forty years and was a daughter of Sol 
rick) Gibble. Two brothers ai J 
sixty-three years old. Services 
Stover, assisted by Bro. James 
dale —Florence Hess, Waynesboro, Pa. 

Brown, Mrs. Pamelia, ninety, native of Vermont, died Oct. 4, 1925 
at her home in Reedley, Calif. She came to California in 1837, and 
resided in southern California. She moved to Traver, then to Center- 
ville and twenty-three years ago to Reedley, where she had lived ever 
since She practiced medicine sixty years ago in Kansas, when that 
State was hut sparsely settled and medical work was extremely 
strenuous Surviving is one son with whom she had made her 
home for some time. There are also six grandchildren, seven 
great-children and two great-great-grandchildren. She had lormerly 
belonged to the United Brethren Church but there was no con- 
gregation here and she attended the Brethren church when able. 
Services by the- writer.-J. J. Brower, Reedley, Calif. 

Cassel Henry Quinter eldest son of Richard and Mary Lizzie 
Casael 'horn on Cassel Run, Adams Co., Ohio, died Dec. 1, 1925, 
after suffering eight months with tuberculosis, aged 29 years. 8 
months and 25 days. Sept. 1'. 1913, he united with the Church of 
the Brethren under" the pastorate of Bro. Van B. Wright, in which 
faith he remained until death. One sister and one brother pre- 
ceded him some years ago. He is survived by his father, mother 
and one sister Funeral at the Cassel Run church by Bro. W. ±1. 
Satterfield. Interment in the Cassel Run cemetery.-Richard Cassel 
and Wife, Wamsley, Ohio. 

Elmer R., born at Yellow Creek, Jan. 16, 1890, died 
t the Blair County Hospital, where he had been 
tment. Death followed a long illness from com- 
was the son of Josiah and Linnie Clapper. He 
Elsie Whetstone, who survives with three 
vo brothers, one sister and a step-brother, 
lal Church of the Brethren, Martinsburg, by 
rid "d" T Detwiler, assisted by Eld. C. O. Beery. Interment in 
he'Fairview cemetery— Mrs. L. R. Holsinger, Martinsburg, Pa. 
Corle Sister Bertha Elizabeth, wife of Bro. Chas. Corle, died 
it her home in Martinsburg, Jan. 19, 1925, of pneumonia. She was 

Blough, Summerfield, Kans. 
Funk, Samuel, son of Jacob and Mary Funk, born in Stark County, 
Ohio died Nov. 11, 1925, aged 85 years, 9 months and 6 days. He 
was the last oi a family of fifteen children to be called home In 
1870 he married Leah Frantz. Three children were born to them 
all of whom preceded him, leaving three grandchildren. He served 
in the Civil War Soon after the war he joined the Church of 
the Brethren and lived a consistent life unto the end. He MM a 
man of strong conviction, a liberal giver, one who tried to live in 
accordance with the wishes of the Master. Services by Geo. W Miller, 
assisted by John Arnold. Burial in La Place cemetery.— Geo. W. 
Miller, Lintner, 111. 

Gauby, Moses, died Oct. 1, 1925, lacking nineteen days of being 
sixty five vears of age Jan. 24, 1689, he married Mary E. Smittle. 
Feb. 6, 1898, he married Clara Belle McCool, who survives with two 
Several years ago he united with the Church of the BTeth- 
ren 'in Bradford and enjoyed his association with those of like 
faith. He was afflicted with cancer and was unable to leave his 
bed for twenty-one weeks. During this tune he received the anoint. 
ing Services from the home by Brethren Berkebile and Over- 
is Creek cemetery.— J. E. Overholser, Brad- 

holscr. Interment ii 
ford, Ohio. 
' Ha Ink- num. Anna 
1925, aged 57 years, 
with her parents, 1 
age of twenty she 



of her choice 

for the church and the 
of others, her untiring 
marked characteristic 

Nebr., died Dec. 21, 

a little girl, she came 

, to Kansas. At the 

he lived since. She 

[93. There were four 

died in 1919. She united with the church 

life and was always a faithful contender 

ruth. Her consideration for the welfare 

fforts to he of service to others were 

her life. She leaves her husbar 

born at Rulo, 

nd 27 days. A; 
:. and Mrs. Jacob Heike 
came to Morrill, where 
to W. H. Haldeman Sept. 


rs. Service; 
letery.— W. I 

by the 

Yoder, Morrill, 
.nd died at Nora, 

children and six brothei 
signed. Interment i 
Hind, Martin, was born in Dorheim, Germany; 

s, 10 months and 1 day. He came 

en years of age and resided in 

after which he moved to Fulton 

was united in marriage to Barbara 

were born twelve childre 


14, 1925, aged 75 yeai 
l when he was fifti 
Pittsburgh, Pa., for three years 
Countv, 111. On Feb. 25, 1871, he 
Elizabeth Weber. To thi 


Clapper, Bro. 
Dec. 2, 1925, 
undergoing trt 
plications. He 
was married I 
children, his I 

still living. He and h: 
1893. His wife died Marc 
... marriage to Mary A. Grube 
union was born one son. The famil 
in 1906, where Bro. Hamel passed awa; 
of the Brethren early 
until death. Besides hi: 
grandchildren. Services at the N 
writer, assisted by Rev. Mr. Mill: 
Nora cemetery.— Paul 
Havener, James M. 

family i 

wife and 1 


ged 79 years, 9 months 
)hio. In 1862 he went i 
ie married Jane Kepner, 
,orn to them. They lived 
ater spent six years ii 

born at Duncan: 
H. and 

— Bertha Stoner, South English, Iowa. 
PYRMONT, IND.— We held 41 meetings, ■ 

, members 

ed $66.39 from our 

$65.89. President, 

Secretary -Treasurer, 

Rhoda Brumbaugh, 
father, mother 
the Memorial Church of the Brethr 
sisted by 


daughter of 



laid to rest 
Holsinger, M: 



her hus- 

T. Detwiler, as- 
it daughter were 
ery.— Mrs. L. R. 



In Octobci 



Our work consisted of i 
for which we received $124.12; maki 
etc., for which we received $17; receiv 
offerings, $80.24; carried over, $110.99 
for material and flowers, $20.84; 
for paint and varnish for churc 
$10 to Old Folks' Horn. 

average attend- 
ing lunch at public sales, 
quilts, comforters, aprons, 
from collections and special 
total, $337.91. We paid out 
lor papering the church, $56.35; 
, $56.90; $100 on pastor's salary; 
t fund ; gave bedding also to 
jf food to a needy family; total expenses 
and" donations, $255.23; balance, $82.78. Sister Ruth Houmard. Presi- 
dent; Sister Kate Wagoner, Vice-President; Sisters Mary Barnhart 
and 'Mary Leibert, Superintendents; Sister Una Wagoner, Secre- 
tary-Treasurer.— Ella Wagoner, Delphi, Ind. 

RICHLAND CENTER, KANS.— Enrollment, 10. Money carried 
over, $103.91; money received, $382.55; paid out, $434.37; on hand, 
$51.11. We held 14 meetings for sewing, quilting, etc, We served 
at public sales; gave a chicken dinner, $49.51; two ice cream socials, 
$37.90. We paid $100 on our church farm; $50 toward electric lights; 
bought clothing for a poor family; paid $50 to our pastor; $10 to 
J. J. Yoder; $12.25 for flowers. Sister W. W. Blough, President; 
Sister Lizzie Tice, Vice-President; Sister Young, Secretary -Treasurer. 
—Mrs. Eva Fralin, Sunnyfield, Kans. 

Davison, Sister Mary E., daughter 
Brook, was born near Mctamore, Ind 
at the home of her son Alvin in Munc 
57 years, 2 months and 5 days. She 
Perry Davison on Jan. 21, 1873. To tfv 
dren. The husband preceded her in 
last year, the victim of a railroad ai 
one son survive; also nine grandchild: 
one sister and two brothers. Sister I 
one years resided in Muncie. A year 
Nov, 24, we baptized 
was an exceptionally 
her chief joy 

f Spencer and Lucinda 
Sept. 23, 1858, and died 
Ind., Nov. 28, 1925, aged 
is united in marriage to 
were born thirteen chil- 
death. One son passed on 
cident". Five daughters and 
en, four great-grandchildren, 
avison for the last twenty- 
he exact date being 
the Church of the Brethren. Hers 
life of faith and prayer, and she 
hings of God. Funeral was con- 

jcted by Eld. 
lurch. Interment i 
arick, Muncie, Ind. 
Dickey, Sister Viol 

L. Studebaker 
l the city ce 

and the writer, in our Muncie 
etery— Beech Grove.— Ralph G. 


Miller, died at Hostettler, Pa 
Joy congregation, on Dec. 17, 1925, 
year's," 1 month and 23 days. Besides 1 
daughter she is survived by three sistei 
confessed Jesus Christ as her Savior wh 
united with the Church of the Brethren 

was to be a child of God and her faith was evidenced in her con- 
fession and patience. She was a long time sufferer from facial 
cancer Funeral sermon in the Mt. Joy church by the undersigned. 
Interment in the Mt. Joy cemetery.— F. A. Myers, Mount Pleasant, 



ad a 






. She 

a girl a 








the fifty ce 
lay be applii 
ion for the n 

ts required for the publication of a 
to a three months' " Gospel Mcs- 
wly-married couple. Request should 
, and lull address given. 


B eidle man - P ry tz .- 
5, 192S, Bro. P. E. 
Prytz, of Rice Laki 



y the undersigned, at the pastor's home, Dec. 

leidleman, of Stanley, Wis., and Sister Esther 
Wis.— A. S. Brubaker, Rice Lake, Wis. 
the undersigned, at the parsonage, Mr. Clayton L. 
Alma Verna Baker, both of Beilwood, Pa.— Galen 

. Blough, Beilwood, Pa. 

Jarboe-Eblin.— By the undersigned, Dec. 25, 1925, at the home of 
the bride's mother in Peace Valley, Bro. Clyde Jarboe and Sister 
Dessie Eblin, both of Peace Valley, Mo.— P. L. Fike, Peace Valley, Mo. 

Wblpple-Lenimui.— By the undersigned, at the home of the bride, 
Nov. 28, 1925, Bro. Ralph E, Whipple and Sister Frances Lehman, 
both of Arrowood, Alta.-V- L - Weddle, Arrowood, Alw. 

Wilson and Molly Edgecomb, 
Jov. 30. 1925, aged 47 years and 
vas' married to Elva Cripe, of La Place, 
born eight children, one son dying in 
e sister and one brother are left. His 
; brother preceded him. He united with 
en in 1910 and remained with the church 
called for the elders and was anointed, 
-elieved of his pain and that " all was well." 
by Geo. W. and N. H. Miller. Burial in La 
W. Miller, Lintner, 111. 
in of Brother and Sister Edwin G. Erb, of 
ata, died, aged 1 year, 5 months and 24 days. 
ult of burns received in an accident. The 
„" brother survive. Services at the home and at 
the MUbach Brethren church by Eld. David Kilhefner.— Gertrude K. 
Shirk, Ephrata, Pa. 

FiabbuTti, Bro. John W., son of Alfred and Sarah Fishburn. died 
at his home in the Appanoose congregation, near Overbrook, Kans.^ 
Dec. 7, 1925, aged 69 years, 8 months 
been well for sometime but hi 
intil about two days 

Edgecomb, He 
died at his home in Dec; 
11 months. In 1903 he 
III. To this union wen 
intancv. His mother, oi 
sister and or 
. of the Brcth 
until death. Nov. 7 he 
after which he felt 
Services in La Placi 
Place cemetery.— Gee 
Erb, Ralph D-, s< 
Arlington, near Eph 

ved to Cass County. 

S. In 1897 he was 

-, of Astoria, HI., and to this 

r moved to Nuckolls County 

He united with the Church 

ed a consistent Christian life 

children he leaves twenty-two 

a Methodist church by the 

of Nora. Interment at the 

Longeneuker, Carleton, Nebr. 

i of James and Rachel Havener, born in 

:h 6, 1846, died in La Place, Dec. 13, 1925, 

and 7 days. His early life was spent in 

into the army. At the close of the war 

>f Vandalia, 111. Eight children were 

i Minnesota for twenty-seven years. He 

the Soldiers' Home in Danville, HI-. 

home in La Place, 111., the remainder 

affiliated with the M. E. Church nearly all 

1923, he came into the Brethren Church. He 

m believer in the doctrines of the Bible. Services by Rev. 

of the M. E. church, assisted by the writer. Burial in La 

cemetery.— Geo. W. Miller, Lintner, III. 

rs Rachel Lehman, died Dec. 6, 1925, aged 83 years, 10 

19 days, at the home of her son, E. L. Mahan, of Scalp 

She had been living with her daughter, Mrs. Crist Kelly, 
n but had gone to Scalp Level to attend evangelistic 
' and while there contracted bronchial pneumonia, which 
VIrs Horner was always interested in the work 
served as a faithful member of the Scalp Level 
hren for many years. She is survived by one 
hree brothers, six grandchildren, and three great- 
.,., husband, Franklin S. Horner, preceded her seven 
Services by her pastor, the writer, assisted by Rev. 
in the Scalp Level church. Interment 
■L. S. Knepper, Windber, Pa. 
Katherman, Jonas C, son of Jeremiah and Anna Christian Rather- 
man was born near Webster, Ohio, died Dec. 6, 1925, at the age 
of 78 years, 8 months and 5 days. He was one of a family of 
thirteen children Two brothers died in childhood and one sister 
and the parents in more recent years. Nov. 26. 1871, he married 
Catherine Christian, daughter of David and Catherine Christian. 
She was born near Versailles, Ohio, and died five weeks ago, Nov. 
1 1925 aged 76 years. 7 months and 8 days. To this union four 
children were born; the only son dying in infancy. They spent 
the early part of their married life on the farm, moving to Bradford 
nearly thirty-six years ago. In 1874 they united with the Church 
of the Brethren, to which they remained faithful. Bro. Katherman 
died of pneumonia. They leave three daughters, seven grand- 
children and one great-grandchild. Bro. Katherman also leaves 
five brothers and four sisters; Sister Katherman, one brother and 
four sisters Both services were conducted by Brethren D. U- 
Berkebile and John Eikenberry. Burial at Harris Creek cemetery.- 
J E. Overholser, Bradford, Ohio. 

born at Belfast, Ireland, April 25, 
Waterloo, Iowa, Dec. 12, 1925. At 
to America and the family located 
On March 18, 1867, she was united in mar- 
Lamb of the same place and shortly there- 
Iowa and located on a farm in Black, Hawk 
■he mother of eight children-six are living; 
also'^evente'en grandchildren and one great-grandchild. About forty- 
five 'ears ago she and her husband affiliated with the Church 
of the Brethren in which she always took a great interest. She 
ulved her church and her Bible. For a number of years she was 
a teacher in the Sunday-school. Only as the infirmities of »ge 
eiadually came on was her place vacant in the sanctuary. Services 
conducted by the writer. Burial in the cemetery at Hudson, Iowa.- 
A P Blough, Waterloo. Iowa. 

David S., was born in 1857 and died at his home on 

led to her death, 
of the church and 
Church of the Br< 
son, one daughter, 
grandchildren. Her 
years ago. Servici 
P. Hoc 


Lamb, Sister Priscilla, 
1848, and died at her hi 
the age of fifteen she 
at Port Huron, 

they came 

fa the: 

Ridge on Dec. 5, 
-al services 

II days. 
condition was 
before his death. 

thought to 
Bro. Fishburn 

the age of 57 years. He was the 
u daughters. These with his wife ■nr- 
; conducted at the Mt. Joy church, of 
... by the undersigned; Interment in the 
•metery near by.— F. A. Myers, Mount Pleasant, Pa. 
Leibenight, Sister Sarah, died at the home of her niece^ »«**« 
=ars 11 months and 3 days. Death was due to bronchial pneumoo*. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 16, 1926 




of the Church of the Brethren for 

survived by two grandsons. Short 
in the Altland meetinghouse by Bro. 
the adjoining cemetery.— Florence L. 

faithful mem 
years. She 
her late home 
] I. Bowser. Interment 
Keency, York, Pa. 

Longanecker, Bro. Alfred W., born Nov. 20, 1840, after ; 
illness from the infirmities of age died Nov. 29, 1925, aged 85 


ago he 

and 9 days. Some tim< 
of Samuel and Cathari 
by his wi' c . Elizabeth, 
preceded him twenty-nin 
years of his life, 
jn the cemetery ; 
school. His seat 
him to go. He 
one to be baptized by Eld. J 
which Zion Hill church now 
" ■ethren in 1822 for 






son and two daughtei 

its ago. He was blind the last three 

by Eld. John F. Kahler. Interment 

Hill. He loved the church and Sunday - 

;ldom vacant when it was possible for 

with the church early in life, the last 

es.Quinter. The tract of land on 

ands was donated to the church 

tery and church. But there was 

the ground and in 1S68 Bro. Longanecker was ap- 

obtain a public road to these grounds, which he did 

.ater he got permission of Eld. Henry Kurtz to solicit 

,nd receive funds to build a house of worship. He worked willingly 

and faithfully 

and dedicated in November of the 
named the place Zion Hill. Bro. 
papers from the " Gospel Visitor " i 
J. Longanecker, Columbiana, Ohio. 

Lorenz, Blanche Irene, wife of H. 
John M- and Mary Eshelman, 

1872 the church 
jame year. Eld. Henry Kurtz 
Longanecker took our church 
down to the present time. — E. 

C. Lor« 

died Dec. 2, 1925. She leaves her husband 

and one t 



by the 

1 Can 



daughter c 

, lo 

va, May 2t 

, tv> 

o daughter 

— W 

L. Hatche 

Nye, Ethel Kathryn, daughter of Brother and Sister H. H. Nye, 
died Dec. 22, 1925, aged 1 year, 2 months and 14 days. Broncho- 
pneumonia was' the cause of death. The parents and an older 
sister survive. Services at the Elizabethtown church by Elders 
S. H. Hertzler and R. W. Schlosser, assisted by Bro. John Hirsh- 
man. Interment in the Mt. Tunnel cemetery.— Mrs. B. Miller, Eliza- 
bcthtown, Pa. 

Reddig, Sister E. Florence, daughter of the late Christopher and 
Katherinc (Funk) Reddig, died Dec. 17," 1925, following a two weeks' 

litis, \ 

inch later 



d into Bright's disease. She 

1S active in 

all ch 

urch work 


d w 

s a teachc 

r in the Sunday- 

hool. She 


with the c 



wenty year 

s ago 


e three bro 


and two 


Services a 

: the 

church by 

r pastor, B 

o. Jan 

es M. Moore 


sted by B 

o. C. 

R. Oellig.— 

Florence Hess, Wayhesboro, Pa. 

Rowzer, Lucy Ann, daughter of Adam and Mary Ripple Baum- 
C^rdner, born at Scalp Level, Pa., died Nov. 26, 1925, aged 74 years 
and 10 months. She married Bro. David B. Rowzer Jan. 25, 1877. 
There were two daughters and one son. The husband and one 
daughter preceded her. She united with the Church of the Breth- 
ren many years ago and lived a true, devoted Christian life. During 
the past four years she was confined to her room most of the 
time with tuberculosis. She and her husband called for the anoint- 
ing service a short time before his death. She leaves one son, one 
daughter, nine grandchildren and one great-grandchild. Services 
in her son's home by Eld. Geo. Rogers, assisted by Thos. Mickle. In- 
terment in the Mock cemetery.— Sadie M. Rowzer, New Paris, Pa. 

Saul, Sister Mary, nee Geib, wife of Bro. Alfred Saul, died at 
her home near Richland, Dec. 8, 1925, of pleura-pneumonia, aged 
60 years, 3 months and 19 days. ■ During her short illness she 
culled for the anointing. Forty-five years ago she became a member 
oi the Church of the Brethren. She lived a devoted Christian 
life. They were married Feb. 11, ,1893. One daughter preceded 
her. One daughter, three sons, four grandchildren, one sister, one 
brother, two half sisters and two half brothers survive. Services 
by Brethren Michael Kurtz and Harvey Frantz, in the Heidelbei 

retinghouse. Int 
Myerstown, Pa. 

Schwenk, Sister Htnrietl 
Miller, was born near Lin 
When she was about thn 
family moved to Nokesviii. 
then was left in the can 
the age of thirteen she 

the adjoining cemetery 
daughter of Benj. 


B. Roye 

\ and Amanda E. 

died Oct. 27, 1925. 

years old her mother died. Later the 

Va., where the father died in 1901. She 

gf her older brothers and sisters. At 

nited with the Church of the Brethre 

faithful member. She married Bro. Russell R. 
Schwenk Oct. 12, 1924, and they established their home in Washing- 
ton, D. C. To this union was born one" daughter, who died at 
birth Oct. 8, 1925. Services in the Washington City church by Bro. 
Earl M. Bowman. Interment in -the Oakton church cemetery, Va. 
She is survived by her husband, two brothers and one sister.— 
John F. Miller, Nokesville, Va. 

Smith, Wm. Sanford, born in Butler County, Ohio, Jan. 16, 1833, 
died in Clarks Hill, Ind., Dec, 10, 1925, aged 92 years, 4 months 
r.nd 24 days. He came with his parents to Marion County, Ind., in 
1840. He leaves five daughters and one son. Services by the writer.— 
D. C. Campbell, Colfax, Ind. 

Snyder, Bro. Elam, died Dec. 22, 1925, aged 22 years and 28 days, 
vife, father, mother, sister and brother. He 


,al Sa- 


about four months 
caused his death. Services at 
inisters and Noah Rissor, Men- 

accepted Christ as his pers 
He was kicked in the face by a i 
of blood and other complication 
the Chiques house by the home 
nonite.— P. C. Geib, Manhcim, Pa. 

Strickler, Andrew Henry, born in Mt. Carroll, III., died at 
home in Lanark, 111., Nov. 18, 1925, aged 75 years, 6 months 
10 days. He was the son of Jacob H. and Mary Royer Stricklcr. 

other chiidrt 

of whom died i 
Eshelman, who survives w 
Services at the residence 
the Lanark cemetery.— S. 

. the Wolgam 

Paul H. Royer, Fryst 

Buff em 


and two 

town churcli 

through fou 

was beautifully exemplified 

contact with peopli 


Funeral at the Elizahethtown church by Elders S. H. He 
K. Ober and U. B. pastor, Joseph Daiigherty. Interment a 
church cemetery.— Mrs. B. Miller, Elizabethtown, Pa. 



* ® 

# & & 


25, 1873, he 

two children and five grandchild™ 
Eld. P. F. Eckerle. Interment 
Eshelman, Elgin, 111. 

Terry, John Wesley, died at his home on the ranch near Reedley, 
Nov. 1, 1925. He was a native of Missouri but had lived io California 
for the last seven years and the last year near Reedley. He was 
fifty -two years of age and had suffered with tuberculosis _ for a 
number of years. Besides his wife, Mrs. Anna Terry, he is sur- 
vived by five children and two brothers. Services by the writer.— 
J- J. Brower, Reedley, Calif. 

Walls, Amanda Jane, born near East Berlin, Pa., March 19, 1869, 
died at her late home near Dillsburg, Dec. 14, 1925. Her death 
was caused by complications. She and her companion united with 
the church while young in years. They moved to Carrol Township 
about twenty years ago. She was a consistent member of the 
church and a willing worker. She taught a class in the Sunday- 
school for nineteen successive years. She leaves her husband, one 
son, one daughter and three grandchildren. Services 
church by Brethren Cook and Sheffer. Interment i 
cemetery.— R. D. Cook, Dillsburfi, Pa. 

Zeigler. Bro. Phillip, died Dec. 18. 1925, at the home of his 
son, Wm. Zeiglcr near Rchrersburg, Pa., aged 72 years and 2 months. 
He leaves his son, one brother and one sister. He was ( a faithful 
member of the Brethren Church for about thirty years. Services 
at the Zeigler house by Brethren Ira Gibble, Jacob Merit ey and 
Ceo. Snyder. Interment at Zeigler 

Zug, Sister Catharin 
Nov. 7, 1925, aged 82 ; 

lyer, widow of Emil R. Zug, died 
onths and 23 days. Two daughters 

held- the record in the Elizabeth- 
Many years the Bible was read 
ment of the meek and quiet spirit 

her life. Wherever she came in 
Wotion and loyalty were manifest. 

Church Papers in the Nation s Li fe— 

What do church papers mean in a nation's life . . . have you ever 
stopped to think? Read a few samples of what nationally recognized religious 
leaders say they should mean to you — 

Henry Churchill King — 

" I quite agree with you that it is well to emphasize just now the value of 
religious journalism and the importance of having a strong paper of some kind 
in the homes of our Protestant people." 

Charles E. Jefferson — 

"lama steadfast friend of the religious press, and am a firm believer in its 
usefulness. It is performing an indispensable service to our churches, and I regret 
that so many people fail to appreciate its value. The efficiency and enthusiasm of 
many professing Christians would be immeasurably augmented by the faithful 
reading of some religious weekly." 

Robert E. Speer — 

" I believe with all my heart in the value of the religious press and lament 
all the more on that account that we have so few religious papers which are able 
to maintain themselves and which approach the Christian ideal. I think we ought 
to put forth every effort today to maintain our religious papers and to lift them 
to a still higher level of effectiveness and Christian spirit." 

Alexander MacColl — 

" The religious press has a sphere all its own by reason of the irritating in- 
accuracy of the. daily newspapers, their assignment of callow youths to discuss 
the most vital matters of faith and life, and their habitual emphasis upon the more 
sensational features of church life. For this reason our church papers should 
be heartily supported by all Christians who think it important lo keep informed 
about the affairs of the Kingdom. Many of the most serious problems of church 
life today come from a lack of accurate information, especially among the laity." 

Lynn Harold Hough — 

" Personally. I feel that if it were possible to develop a genuine interest in the 
best books and magazines which are being produced by our religious press, in every 
home which is nominally Christian, the whole of our American life would be 
profoundly changed for the better in a generation. I can not think of any one 
thin- which would do more for the deepening and enriching of our whole national 
life, and what it would mean to the homes and individuals who make up our 
Republic is quite beyond computation." 

William F. McDowell— 

" I suppose there would be no question at all about the value of pure house- 
hold food in an American family. The singular thing is that many fam.hes are 
very careful about the food they eat and utterly reckless about the literature they 
read; careful about the food they supply their children and utterly reckless abou 
the magazines, books and papers which get into their children s hands The current 
revelations as to the literature on sale at the news stands all over the country are 
appalling. If these revelations mean anything, they ought to mean a new apprecia- 
tion of the importance of Christian literature, especially periodical literature. I 
do not see how our churches and families can possibly be at their best without it. 

The Gospel Messenger seeks to bring to Brethren homes just the type of 
clean and inspiring reading matter that these leaders regard as a savuig ele- 
ment in the national life. 

Subscribe today for The Gospel Messenger 




Brethren Publishing House, Elgin, Illinois: 

Enclosed please find two dollars for which you 
may send me the " Messenger " for one year. 

p. s. Pie 

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members or friends who should be t*kin B the 
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THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 16, 1926 


Official Organ of tho Church of the Brethren 

Published weekly by/Brethi 
rai Manager, If. 10 24 S. St; 
ivance (Canada subscripts 

.. Publishing House. K, E. Arnold, Gen- 
e St., Elgin. 111., at 52.00 per ar.nuni, id 
is fifty cents extra.) 


Assistant Editor 

Entered at the Postoffice at Elgin, 111., as Second-cla 

Acceptance for mailing at special rate ol postage provi 
section 11(13. Act of October 3, 1917, authorized August 20. 

Notes From Our Correspondents 


burg toiis. 

L. R. 

begin a series of meetings in the Mi 
Holsinger, Martinsburg, fa., Dec. 31. 

Mt Pleasant church met in council Dec. 28, with Eld. L. S. 
Knepper presiding. He was retained as elder for J""™* *J£ 
Eld. A. J. Bccghly by a unanimous vote was retained as pastor 
for an indefinite term, with the provision that if either party desues 
a change a three months' notice be given. The to»° wln « oft "" 
were elected* Bro. W. S, Nciderhiser. church clerk; Sister liccg lly, 
"Messenger- agent; the writer, correspondent; Bro. Bert Strohm 
trustee. Members were chosen on the ministerial board, board ot 
Religious Education and finance committee. An increase in at- 
tendance and a greater interest have been manifested since we 
are worshiping in the new church basement. Our pastor has had . 
words of encouragement for us; indeed, it seems that all his sermons 
together spell the word encouragement. His messages have in- 
spired and still arc inspiring all of us to greater service.— Bernard 
Rollins. Mt. Pleasant, Pa., Jan. 3. 

Mechanic Grove church met in council Dec. 5 Elders S. H- 
Hertzler and Isaiah Musscr were present. Win. Bucher was elected 
to the office of deacon and with his wile was installed. Uur 
delegates to District Meeting are Wm. P. Bucher and John Wick- 
ham. We will have a series of meetings sometime in May, con- 
ducted hy Bro. Frank Carper, of Palmyra, Pa.-Mary P. Habeckcr, 
Quarryville, Pa„ Jan. 5. 

Pike church met in annual council Jan. 1 and elected officers for 
the year. We also heard and approved reports of church and Aid 
Society The church has a nice balance in the treasury with which 
to begin the new year. The Aid Society did commendable work 
during the year. Eld. H. Q. Rhodes was elected elder and pastor 
for 1926— B. B. Dickey, Berlin, Pa., Jan, 2. 

Pleasant Hill.— We enjoved having with us Eld. Geo. W. Resser, 
of Black Rock, Pa., who preached an uplifting and Spirit-filled 
the North Codorus house on Nov. 1. Nov. 8 we held 
all-day meeting at the Pleasant Hill house. A program was 
arranged With speakers from our own congregation. This meet- 
ing proved a success and was enjoyed by all present. Nov. 22 Bro. 
Chauuccy Trimmer, of York, Pa., preached at the Beaver Creek 
house on "The Good Samaritan." We met in council Dec. 12 
and 36". Elders W* G. Group and A. S. Baughcr were with us 
on the 26th. An election was held for a deacon, the lot falling 
on Bro. James C. Sellers and the writer. Two certificates were 
granted. We decided to hold a series of meetings at the Pleasant 
Hill house and at the Beaver Creek house this coming summer. 
Bro. E. H. Miller was reelected Sunday-school superintendent. We 
also had services at the Pleasant Hill house on Thanksgiving Day 
and an offering of $78 was lifted for world-wide missions.— Paul K. 
Newcomer, Spring Grove, Pa., Dec. 28. 

Roaring Spring.— Our love feast was held on Sunday evening, 
Nov. 22. with Eld. D. T. Detwiler officiating. Two hundred and 
seventy-seven members communed. Dec. 7 we met in council to 
elect our Sunday- school and church officers for the new year. Our 
pastor, A. C. Miller, presided. Bro. D. Grover Replogle was re- 
elected general superintendent of the Sunday-school. Other officers 
are as follows: prayer meeting superintendent, A. C, Miller; Chris- 
tian Workers' superintendent. Howard Hoover; church clerk, Wm. 
ffinton; trustee, Brook Sell; "Messenger" agent. I. W. Zook. We 
enjoyed a wonderful service Christmas night, portraying the life 
of the Savior from the manger to the cross, given by our young 
people. A White Gift offering was taken for the General Mission 
$oard. The activities ol our Sunday-school and church are moving 
forward and we expect to make the first Sunday in the new year 
an " Evcrybody-go-to-Sunday-school-and-Stay-for-Preaching - Sun- 
day." In our last letter we reported fifteen received by baptism 
during our revival. This should read sixteen.— Mrs. Elmer Hoover, 
Roaring Spring, Pa., Dec. 29. 

Somerset.— Nov. 29 Ida C. Shumaker, missionary from India, was 
with us. At the close of Sunday-school she told a story to the 
children which was greatly enjoyed. She gave the morning ad- 
dress, followed in the afternoon by a lecture for women. We are 
pleased to report that the church was well filled; in the evening 
a number were unable to find seats. Everyone has a deeper interest 
in India through her inspiring messages. Dec. 10 the audience 
was delighted with a lecture by Ruth Bryan Owen, a daughter 
of the late William Jennings Bryan. This lecture was entitled, 
" Modern Arabian Nights," and was indeed worthy of being called 
one of the finest addresses ever delivered in Somerset. -The Christ- 
mas cantata, given by a chorus of thirty-three members of the 
Somerset and Geiger churches, under the leadership of Prof. John 
Fike, was most ably rendered on the night of Dec. 20, followed by 
the children's Christmas program on Dec. 23. Dec. 27 Bro. Hamilton, 
our field secretary, gave a short talk at the close of Sunday- 
school and preached at our regular morning service. The sermon 
was greatly enjoyed by all. The Juniata Glee Club will be with 
us Jan. 2.— Mrs. Ncvin Shaulis, Somerset, Pa., Jan. 1. 

Upper Concwago church met in council Dec. 12, in the East Berlin 
house, with Eld. S. S. Miller presiding. Various officers were elected 
for the coming year. Dec. 23 we held a Christmas program. Recita- 
tions were given by the children, after which Bro. Roy S. Forney, 
of East Petersburg, Pa., gave an address which was appreciated 
by all. Nov. 26 Bro. A. P. Wcnger. of Elizabeth town, Pa., preached 
for us at the Latimorc house at our Thanksgiving service. An 
offering of $79.29 was given for home and foreign missions. Dec. 6 
Bro. H. K. Obcr, of Elizabcthtown, was with us in the interest 
of missions at the East Berlin house. He preached Sunday morn- 
ing and gave his lecture on " Orange Blossoms " in the afternoon. 
Sunday evening Bro. A. P. Wenger preached for us in the interest 
of temperance and purity. These services were all well attended 
and much appreciated. An offering of S13S.79 was received.— Mrs. 
W. A. Kecney, East Berlin, Pa.. Jan. 1. 

Upper Poplar Run Union Chapel.— We are just on the threshold of 
a revival meeting. Bro. John Miller, ot Curry villc. will be with us. 
Jan. 8 and 9. Several other speakers will be with us nightly from 
then on. We hope to have a good revival. We are having cottage 
prayer meetings in the homes and I feel that will be a great gain 
for our church.— Archie Hosking, Claysburg, Pa., Dec. 28. 

West Concstoga.-Nov. 1-t we began a series of meetings at the 
Lexington house, with services in charge of Bro. Clayton Bucher, 
of Littlestown, Pa. The meetings were well attended and the sermons 
powerful and filled with food for the soul. The meetings con- 
tinued for two weeks, Three accepted Clirist. Thanksgiving morn- 
ing we had services. Bro. Bucher's sermon from Prov. 12: 27 wai 
well fitted for the occasion and enjoyed by all. An offering of 
over $100 was lifted for missions. Nov. 22 we had a very interest- 
ing children's meeting when Bro. Henry King, of Richland, Pa„ 
spoke to the children. Dec. 24 thirty of our young people were out 
singing at the Brethren Home, and at some private homes for 
the sick and shut-ins. Dec. 28 was our regular business meeting. 
Sunday-school officers for the year were elected.— J. M. Bollinger 
West Conestoga, Pa., Jan. A. 

Yoik.-Dcc. 6 the morning and evening services were largely at- 
tended and enjoyed hy all. Both sermons were delivered very 
forcibly by visiting brethren. In the morning Brov Wcnger spoke and 
in the evening Bro. Ii. K. Ober, both of Elizabethtown College. Dec. 
8 we reorganized our Sunday-schools: First school, superintendent, 
Bro. Ralph Lehman; mission school, Bro. Harry Hoover. Christmas 
morning a short program was rendered and a treat given the school. 
The program consisted of a sermonettc by Bro. Jos. Baughcr, 
followed by a recitation, song by the beginners' classes and several 
selections by v the mixed and the men's choruses. In the even- 
ing the mission school had their Christinas exercises, which were well 
attended and interesting. Jan. 3 the morning sermon was preached 
by Bro. Walter Thomas, of Westminster, Md.— Florence L. Keeney, 
York, Pa., Jan. 5. 


Meadow Branch church met in council Dec. 26, with Bro. R. B. 
Pritchett presiding. The church officers were elected, with Bro. 
Pritchett, elder for another year; Bro. W. R. Williford, pastor; 
Bro. Frank Iscnberg, church clerk; Bro. R. C, Hileman, " Messenger " 
agent; the writer, correspondent. We have a missionary meeting 
each fourth Sunday evening, conducted by Sister Elsie Winkcls. 
The interest seems to be growing. We still have our prayer meet- 
ing on Sunday evening. Our Sunday-school is doing fine. Bro. 
A. M. Isenberg has been the superintendent for the last year; 
Bro. Rhea Harris is superintendent for the coming year. Our 
boys and girls raised $18 for the Dahanu Hospital in India.— Cora 
A. Gammon, "Tate. Tenn., Dec. 28. -> 


Belmont congregation met in council at the Belmont house Dec. 
26, with Eld. 1. N. Zigler presiding. Bro. Zigler was reelected elder 
for another year, with Bro. L. L. Mason, clerk; Bro. I. Van Yagel, 
"Messenger" agent; Sister Alma Mason, church correspondent. Sev- 
eral important committees were appointed. The building committee 
reported some progress towards preparation for the erection of 
our new church building. Bro, C. M. Driver, of Oakton.Va., was 
wish us in a series of meetings from Nov. IS to 22. One was 
added to the church. Bro. Driver is a forceful speaker and his 
services were enjoyed by all.— Florence Yagel, Belmont, Va., Dec. 29. 

Cloverdale congregation met in council Jan. 2, with Bro. J. A. 
Dove as moderator. Letters of membership were granted W. K. 
Hunbert, E. K. Meadow and Mrs. E. K, Meadow. It was decided 
that communion will be at Bethesda at 7 o'clock the second Saturday 
evening in May. The examination service will be given the first. 
Sunday preceding the service on Saturday. The fall "communion will 
be held at Cloverdale, Saturday evening before the fourth Sunday 
in October. The examination service will be given the third Sun- 
day. The moderator was given the privilege to appoint a com- 
mittee to plan for a " Homecoming Day " that will be held some 
time in the summer, A statistical report of the work of the^ four 
different Sunday-schools and churches was prepared by the super- 
intendent of Cloverdale Sunday- school, W. S. Murray. The report 
showed that the average attendance of the Sunday-schools was 
higher in 1925 than 1924— Lois Showalter, Roanoke, Va., Jan. 4. 

Hollywood church met in council Dec. 19, with Eld. L. B. Flohr 
presiding. Officers for the coming year were elected: Brethren D. 
P. Oiiann and F. W. Uobtrson, Sunday-school superintendents; 
Sisters Mamie Sullivan and Thelma Roberson, Christian Workers' 
presidents; Bro. Harrison Sullivan, "Messenger" agent. We held 
our love (east Oct. 17, with twenty-two present. It was a quiet, 
spiritual feast. Brethren L. B. Flohr and Ord L. Strayer, with 
their families were the only visiting brethren. — Mamie F. Sullivan, 
Fredericksburg, Va., Jan. 1. 

Peters Creek church met in council Dec. 17, with Eld. J. S. 
Showalter presiding. Vacancies on the various committees were filled 
by reappointment. The different church officers whose time had 
expired were reelected. On Sunday, following the council, the 
Peters Creek ehurchhouse was rcdedicated. This building was 
erected in 1845, and is the mother church of the three Roanoke 
city churches. Oak Grove, Green Hill and Poagc's Mill. The 
church as it stands now is practically done over, excepting the 

walls which were built of solid brick; and being repainted they 
will stand the storms of many more years. On dedication day we 
had an all-day meeting. We had. a large crowd and served dinner 
to all. Eld. J. A. Dove, of Cloverdale, preached the dedicatory 
sermon. An offering of $380 was taken. The Aid Society pledged 
$500, of which $245 has already been paid. We were favored with 
special music from the three Roanoke city congregations and Oak 
Grove. Bro. Dove continued to preach for us each evening for one 
week afterward. Christmas Day he gave an excellent discourse on 
the birth o( Christ and his mission in the world. The membership 
has been greatly strengthened and built up at this place by 
Bro. Dove's earnest efforts. On Christmas Day we met to re- 
organize Sunday-school and Christian Workers' Society." Bro. 
Price Garst was reelected superintendent and Ruth Naff, presi- 
dent, respectively— Mrs. J. S. Showalter, Roanoke, Va., Dec. 29. 

Poages Mill.— Since our last report our church activities have 
been moving along nicely. Our Sunday-school has been better this 
year than in former years. Sept. 4 Bro. Enos Bowman, from Naff, 
conducted a ten days' revival for us. The attendance was fine and 
Bro. Bowman's sermons were most inspiring and helpful. At the 
close of the meeting four were baptized and three received by 
letter. Our love feast was held also. Dec. 12 our regular council 
was held, with Eld, D. C. Naff in charge. Officers were elected for 
the coming year as follows: D. C. Naff, elder and pastor; Nannie 
Henry, clerk; the writer, correspondent. Dec. 23 we gave our 
first Christmas program which was enjoyed by all and which was 
a great help to our school.— Mrs. Dave Beckner, Salem, Va., Dec. 29. 

Richmond.— Bro. M. R. Zigler was with us Dec. 27 and 28, and 
gave us five thoughtful, searching, helpful sermons. He seems to 
have a clear conception of this mission field which consists of many 
counties and is the most populous in Virginia. Hitherto it was 
practically untouched by any of the Mission Boards of the State. 
We hope that much good may come from Bro. Ziglcr's visit and 
from his study of the field. More packages of clothing are coming 
in. A fuller report will be given later on this point. Through the 
efforts of Sister D. H. Zigler, of Scbring, Fla., our Sisters' Aid 
has received $34. We expect to help the church fund at our ap- 
proaching council. Our Bible Institute is in progress with good 
interest. The Sunday-school has a birthday box and put into the 
box a penny " or its value " for each year since Jesus' birth— 1925 
cents. This is the first time we have done this.— Kathcryn Moore 
Ewlng, Richmond, Va., Dec. '30. 

Woodstock congregation held its quarterly council Nov, 21. Two 
elders, one minister and seven deacons were present. Bro. H. 
R. Mowery acted as moderator, Bro. J. M, Fravel was elected Sun- 
day-school superintendent for the Valley Pike church for the en- 
suing year. The District Meeting of the Northern District of 
Virginia will be held at the Valley Pike church in April, 1926. 
Bro. H. R. Mowery tendered his resignation as elder but it _ was 
not accepted; he was unanimously reelected. Our Thanksgiving 
meeting was held Nov. 26 and a good sermon was preached by 
Eld. H. R. Mowery. An offering of $20.44 was taken for world- 
wide missions. The church decided to hold a scries of meetings 
at the Valley Pike church In April or May.— M. H. Copp, Maurer- 
town, Va., Jan. 2. 


Seattle church met in council Dec. 18, with Eld. M. A. Long pre- 
siding. Five letters of membership were received. Church officers 
were elected for the coming year. It was unanimously voted to 
retain our elder, M. A.. Long, for another year. Through his un- 
tiring efforts and faithfulness of the past, the church has been 
greatly strengthened spiritually as well as through conversions. Other 
officers were; Clerk, F. F. Dull; " Messenger " agent and cor- 
respondent, the writer. We are very glad to have with us, Eld. 
Paul Mohler and family, from Oroville, Wash. Bro. J. Eller, a 
young minister, attending the university here, has given us several 
inspirational sermons, urging us to take hold, of the higher life 
with more zeal and interest in service. Our Christmas program 
was rendered very successfully on Dec. 20. The children brought 
gifts, which were taken to the Children's Orthopedic Hospital, and 
an offering was also received for the building fund.— Mrs. Isa E. 
Click. Seattle, Wash., Jan. 2. 

Which Is Wiser? 

Must it always be so that "the sons of this world are for their 
generation wiser than the sons of light"? 

Will Hays, ex-Postmaster General, railroad capitalist, cinema 
czar and Presbyterian elder in asking his church recently 
for a $15,000,000 superannuated ministers' fund said: "Our 
so-called 'soulless' corporations, with more conscience than 
most of our churches in this regard, all find it good business 
to pension well their faithful employees." 

The list of needy old soldiers of the Cross in our own be- 
loved fraternity is growing these days very rapidly. Current 
incume from the Conference Budget can provide for only a 
small part of them. It is now time to redeem ourselves and 
start a big endowment fund for the benefit of the next genera- 
tion of workers. 


Annuity Plan 
is open for 
endowment for 
ministers and 

fhe provision 
for use of 
your money 
at death 
for this purpose 
can be written 
in our bond; 
but during 
your lifetime ' 
you enjoy 
an annuity 

Just a postal request for Booklet M-216 will bring you information. 

General Mission. Board 

Elgin. Illinois 

Have YOU Renewed YOUR Subscription for YOUR "GOSPEL MESSENGER"? 

The Gospel Messenger 

"^his Gospel of the Kingdom shall be preached 
in the whole world."— Matt. 24: 14. 

"THY KINGDOM COME "— e= id, L»k. \v. 2 

"Till we all attain unto ... the suture ol 
the fulness of Christ. "— Eph. 4: 13. 

Vol. 75 

Elgin, 111., January 23, 1926 

No. 4 

In This Number 


Foundations of Pea 
nershtp in Busines 
Are the Branches 
ng the Churches, 

e.— N 

. 4 


A. B.), . 


' (H. 


Quiet Hour (R. H. 
rward Movement — 
Inherited Stewards! 
Worthy Minister, 
" Messenger " in ] 

Our Fo 




Home in 

the Brotherhood. 



ly Soul. I Am Free 
ersbip. By D. W. 
Old Jew Who Quit 





-Part 2. 





Do We Need Another Elijah? By V. F. Schwalm SO 

"The Moral Equivalent for War."— No. 2. By Paul F. Bech- 

told, SI 

Give Us to Build Above the Deep Intent (Poem) 51 

Christ and World Brotherhood.— No. 2. By John Luke Hoff, 51 

The Pastor's Study— 

The Pastor's Challenge.-No. 2. By Walter McDonald Kahle, 54 

The Torment of Fear. By Albert C. Wieand 54 

The Whirling Head. By C. I. Scott 54 

Home and Family — 

Don't Make the Wrinkles Deeper (Poem) 55 

Home Relations. By G. H. Van Dyke, M. D !55 

" You Simply Won't Talk About People." By Grace Hilcm.™ 

Miller, * : 55 

Practical Christian Expression. By John Wieand, 55 

The Choice of Frances. By George W. Tuttle 56 


The Foundations of Peace 

4, Population Pressure 

If the gentle reader has followed our series this 
far he must have guessed that our first aim was to 
establish two points : First, that there is an overpopula- 
tion problem; second, that war is not convincing as 
a solution, either directly or indirectly. What, then, 
are the foundations that undergird a better world 
order? Or how shall we make sure that the higher 
types of men survive to the end that the utmost 
progress of the race may be assured? 

Obviously the foundations of a better world order 
are both material and spiritual. Reformers have 
very commonly found that a higher standard of well- 
being is a first condition for man's spiritual advance. 
Vet, more to eat, to wear and to enjoy is not the 
whole solution. The resurrection of the masses near 
the starvation line is also a spiritual problem. Tbe 
sudden coming of an unusual measure of material 
comforts has often led directly to disintegration be- 
cause the recipients did not have the spiritual re- 
sources required to transmute material blessings into 
higher values. This is why the sudden coming of 
wealth is often more of a curse than a blessing. The 
land of hope that men have so long dreamed of rests 
upon twin pillars — upon both material and spiritual 
supports. The two types of resources are interde- 
pendent and tend to condition advance in each other. 

Now the material well-being of man is mainly a 
matter of the- ratio between population and the means 
of subsistence. That is, other things being equal, a 
doubling of the population of the world would simply 
halve the shares of the average man. Under present 
world conditions, with the earth's area and resources 
almost completely preempted, the population factor 
assumes a new significance as we search for the 
foundations of peace and progress. Population pres- 
sure in the past — that is, crowding men by whatever 
means toward the starvation dead line — has meant the 
restless, unintelligent, seething discontent which ^pro- 
duces unstable internal conditions and the ominous 
"iternational situations that are so often charged 
With dynamite. And such conditions have led on 
to strife and war — to the perpetuation of the age-old 
v >cious cycle of struggle and exhaustion which may 
seem to promise much, but which really settles nothing. 


us, overpopulation is not simply a fascinating possi- 

bility ; nor is our problem just the question of when the 
world will starve. As a matter of fact, there are 
lands now vastly overpopulated and their problems 
have an international aspect ; we have always had some 
measure of overpopulation especially when sudden 
famine or other conditions have forced the average 
man to consume somewhat less than customary. Hence 
the material foundations of peace seem to depend 
upon such conditiqns as will stabilize population to 
the end that what science contributes to the world's 
enriebment irlay henceforth go to raise the general 
well-being of men ; our new resources must not be 
continually used to sustain new spawnings in the 
lower levels of society. 

Now the stabilization of the world's population 
depends upon what is done about the birth rate. A 
highly resilient birth rate is typical of simple primi- 
tive communities. Children are always in evidence 
in a Mexican settlement, or in the sections of our 
great cities where the people are fresh from more o» 
less backward lands. And the infant mortality rate 
in such communities indicates much as to the tre- 
mendous population pressure typical of such a com- 
munity. Frontier life in America presents another as- 
pect of the relation between a primitive type of life 
and tbe birth rate. The American pioneer was gen- 
erally a man of large family, not simply because he 
lived under primitive conditions, but also because 
nature smiled on his efforts with gifts of room and 
bread. There was a time when American patriarchs 
with from ten to sixteen children had only to sell 
out and go west to find homesteads for all. But families 
today amongst this same stock are not nearly so large. 
Indeed, many lines have died out. or are dying out. 
What has taken the resilience out of the birth rate 
for the older American families, and that in the course 
of a few generations? 

For many years those who have been watching 
population tendencies have observed that raising a 
nation's standards of well-being tends in time to 
almost automatically slow up the birth rate and thus 
to reduce population pressure. Just why this is true 
may be reduced to a simple statement, or law of 
population' pressure. Toward the formulation of 
such a statement let it first be assumed that' on tbe 
physical side every human being is comparable to 
a dynamo capable of generating a certain amount of 
energy. Not all will generate the same ; but given 
health, a body of a certain weight, known kinds of 
food, and a certain temperament, and the amount of 
energy that will be generated can be roughly approxi- 
mated. Now in a simple, primitive type of society the 
interests to which one may devote his energies are few. 
Thus,- it must follow that in such a community the 
proportion of an individual's energy that can go toward 
any given interest is proportionally larger than where 
the interests are more numerous. Hence it must be 
clear that there is really no mystery in the fact that 
when men's interests were summed up in hunting, 
fighting, eating, drinking, sleeping and reproducing 
that families were large and population pressure high. 
On the other hand, as fast as the interests of life are 
multiplied, energy is divided and more and more it 
is consumed by the individual upon himself. Marriage 
is delayed— perhaps never consummated — with the 
result that the birth rate loses its resilience and popu- 
lation tends to become stabilized at a higher point with 
reference to the ratio between the number of men 
and the means of subsistence. Gathering up all that 
has been suggested it may be stated that other things 
being equal, population pressure tends to vary in- 
versely as the sum of the interest factors in life. That 
is, the fewer the interests in life the higher the popu- 

lation pressure; or conversely, the greater the number 
of interests the lower the population pressure. 

If population pressure tends to vary inversely as 
the sum of the interest factors in life we may take" 
our newly stated law as a rule by which to test war 
and peace with respect to what they may or may not 
promise with reference to the stabilization of popula- 
tion. For if the order we hope for is to come, we 
must somehow find a way to appropriate the gains 
of science more and more completely toward the rais- 
ing of the general standard of well-being and so 
lay broad and deep the foundations of peace, u. a. b. 

Partnership in Business 

If a Christian is a Christian, he is a child of God in 
a sense that others are not. He is also a friend of 
God and a servant of God. Indeed, many terms ex- 
pressive of various human relationships are necessary 
to set forth all aspects of Ins relation to God. He is, 
for example, also his partner in business. 

In some lines of activity there are decided advan- 
tages in sole ownership and management. In others 
this is not so desirable and in some it is impossible. The 
business of extending the Kingdom of God belongs to 
the last-named class. Us wry nature makes it a 
partnership between men and God. 

In some kinds of business in which large companies 
are engaged the operation of subsidiary activities has 
been found an advantage. Henry Ford makes automo- 
biles alid burns a lot of coal in doing it. So he oper- 
ates a railroad also to haul in tbe coal. 

Promoting the Kingdom of God is the greatest busi- 
ness in the world and requires the operation of more 
subsidiary enterprises than any other. Agriculture, 
manufacturing, merchandising, education, civil govern- 
ment, and whatever else is needful for human wel- 
fare has its place as a part of the main business. 

Are you doing your daily work with a clear recogni- 
tion of your partnership with God? Or did you think 
you were running a business of your own? 

"Ye Are the Branches" 

To the reader who buys his fruit in cans or paper 
bags the pruning business may seem a rather cruel 
and heartless practice. And such it readily becomes 
in tbe hands of a novice — one who has not lived with 
vines and trees and learned their habits. But in the 
hands of a good husbandman pruning is a very practi- 
cal type of solicitous interest. The mystery of prun- 
ing disappears when one grasps the simple why and 
how of the process. For pruning is simply tbe art 
of removing unfruitful branches and so trimming 
the remaining fruitful branches that they will bear 
the maximum of quality fruit. Of course, one must 
know growing and fruiting habits as well as buds 
and branches to succeed as a pruner. But when one 
knows fruitful from unfruitful branches, and just 
how to cut the former so that the finest type of fruit 
is produced, then the seemingly heartless practice of 
pruning becomes an intelligent, loving and cooperative 
service. Now according to the figure presented in the 
first part of John, the fifteenth chapter, you and I 
are branches in the Vine, which is Christ. As branches 
Tri this Vine we. differ from the branches in the natural 
vine in that we may choose whether we will be un- 
fruitful or whether we will be fruitful. If we choose 
to be nothing but unfruitful suckers, or weak dis- 
eased limbs, the Good Husbandman has but one 
choice. Ultimately such branches must be removed. 
But if one chooses to be fruitful, how solicitous the 
Good Husbandman ! " Every branch that beareth 
fruit he cleanseth it. that it may bear more fruit." 



In My Soul I Am Free 

Stone walls do not a prison make, 

Nor iron bars a cage; 
Minds innocent and quiet take 

That for a hermitage ; 
If I have freedom in my love, 

And in my soul am free, 
Angels alone, that soar above. 

Enjoy such liberty. 

—Richard Lovelace. 



I have attended many conventions of all kinds, but 
especially religious and educational meetings, and in 
every case, when the problem was faced how the pro- 
gram was to be put over, it resolved itself into the 
question of leadership. So it is always. We can talk 

about democracy all we please, the will of the people, 
the duty of all, but as humanity is constituted, the 
masses are followers, and the progress of our causes 
depends upon leadership. Many a good cause would 
have been saved, many a church would have prospered, 
many a community would have thrived, if the proper 
leadership had been there. 

The biologist is absolutely certain about the need of 
leadership. Read such books as Wiggam's— " The 
Fruit of the Family Tree " and his " Decalogue of 
Science," or any other book that deals with the human 
problem, and you get the same point of view. If 5,000 
of the leaders of New York City would perish, that city 
would be almost totally helpless, it would starve. Yet 
5,000 would mean only one person in a thousand. The 
real work of the world is directed by a very small 
group of persons. These leaders are born with special 
gifts of insight, of organization, of direction, etc. 
Take away your leaders, and people are, indeed, like 
" sheep having no shepherd." 

I believe iir democracy with all my heart. My 
friends think I am a little " daffy " on that subject. 
But I have no illusions about democracy going by it- 
self. Democracy in the nation, in business, in the 
church, demands leadership just as much as autocracy. 
What, then, is the difference between democracy and 
autocracy — both need strong leadership. The differ- 
ence is just this : the autocrat is a boss, and rules folks 
for his own benefit; the leader of democracy leads 
in the spirit of service for the good of all. The leader 
in democracy serves the people's good. He discovers 
their will, their needs, their deepest longings better 
than they themselves, and he helps them achieve their 
own best interests. 

Some one has said, "A leader is one who sees before 
others ; he sees farther than others ; he sees clearer than 
others; he sees more than others; and he has a plan." 
But the leader is the servant and not a boss. He serves 
the cause — the good of all, and gladly sacrifices his own 
interest, for the cause of humanity and the Kingdom 
of God. 

There is a general belief that during the last genera- 
tion our strongest young men have gone into business 
rather than into the ministry. I do not know. There 
are lots of fools in business, and there are many of the 
most brilliant men in the work of the church. But 
one thing is sure, we do not have enough real leaders 
in the work of the church and Christian education to 
meet the needs of men. Galpin's little book entitled 
" Empty Churches " should be read by everyone. His 
challenge to the leadership of the future to meet the 
needs of thousands of communities that are without a 
shepherd, is one of the strongest I ever read. The need 
of leadership is appalling. It must be supplied or the 
enduring elements of civilization will go down. 

Where shall we get this leadership? The usual 
answer is — send the young people to college, and that 
will answer the question. Of course, the leader must 
be trained for his task. But leadership is not an in- 
evitable result of sending young folks to college. Some 
folks can go to college for a generation and yet not 
become leaders. First, they do not all have the ca- 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 23, 1926 

pacity, the gifts, the ability to lead. And secondly, the 
leadership we need must be consecrated— we need men 
and women who gladly assume leadership in these re- 
ligious causes for the " love of Christ and for the 
Kingdom of God." We must seek leaders — lay be- 
fore men and vomen of native ability, the challenge of 
the need, and the opportunities for service. I recently 
heard the story of the late Dr. Jowett, perhaps the 
greatest preacher of this generation. His father was 
training him to be a lawyer. But one day his Sunday- 
school teacher asked him to consider the ministry. He- 
promised to give it consideration — and as a result be- 
came the world's greatest preacher of his age. The 
greatest asset of any age is its leaders. The church 
must seek them, challenge them, encourage them; so 
that they may serve the Kingdom of God, and not 
merely themselves. 

The leader must be consecrated. That goes without 
saying. But I mean more than an ordinary piety, good 
life, and general faithfulness. The leader in religion 
must feel that he is " called of God " for a service— to 
build a better community, a better church, a better 
humanity by the power of the Gospel of Christ, out of 
the raw material of humanity as he finds it. I find too 
many young men who are ready to serve God if they 
can serve him in their own way. They say, " I will 
not serve a church where there is this problem, or that 
problem. I will not consider any opening unless every- 
thing just suits me. Of course I want to work, but 
I want a church that just suits my training and abili- 
*ties, where I can work unhampered by any difficulties." 
Now, I confess, that is justifiable to a certain extent. 
Not everybody is fitted for any job or any community. 
But the spirit of it is, in my judgment, all wrong. Why 
should the leader expect some one to make the sac- 
rifice to create an ideal community for him to enter and 
without problems or ruffles to just " carry on " ? This 
is not right. The leader must have a faith that where 
folks are, and where the Gospel can be preached, there 

be a divorce of religion and business. There need be 
no conflict between them.; on the contrary, they sup- 
port and promote each other. Religion puts its right- 
eousness, confidence and hope into business; while 
business puts its practicality, system and dynamic into 
religion. ( 

It may be that when Jesus called Matthew his in- 
tention was to utilize Matthew's talent as a writer. It 
was essential for a tax-collector to be an accurate ob- 
server, accustomed to keeping records and ready in the 
use of his pen. He would, therefore, be a valuable 
man to be associated with Jesus as a biographer, and 
it is needless to say that Matthew made good in this 
office. Every one can use his peculiar abilities in the 
service of Christ. The Master calls each to a special 
task, and we should find our work and do it with the 
same willingness as the " old Jew who quit making 
money " to rise up and follow our Lord. We must 
win business men into the service of the Kingdom; 
we must not hesitate to go to their places of business, 
as did Jesus, when he asked Matthew to follow him. 
Very often a quiet word spoken in the privacy of the 
office or the roar of the mill has won a man to Christ. 
Furthermore, may we observe that Jesus makes 
room in his kingdom for all classes and conditions of 
men. The business of collecting the hated Roman 
taxes was a fearful offense and exasperation to the 
Jews, and the Jew that would accept this office made of 
himself a traitor and social outcast universally de- 
spised among his brethren. Now Matthew was just 
such a Jew, and it was a daring defiance of and break 
'with popular opinion and prejudice for Jesus to call 
him to discipleship. But this act of Jesus served no- 
tice that he would not be bound by public opinion ; 
that he was no Respecter of persons. The narrowness 
of Jewish exclusiveness and pride could not fetter Je- 
sus, and he showed his independence and originality. 
He struck out along bold and broad lines in order to 
break down class distinctions, racial barriers and ha- 

humanity out of the raw material ' treds, proclaim a human brotherhood and make wide 

we can create a new 

of human nature. The leader must not look for a 
position where all is done— except for him to draw his 
salary— but to be a prophet of God, with the message 
from the living Christ, to transform, create, build up, 
the cause of the Kingdom of God. The joy and the 
glory of leadership is here. This is the kind of leader- 
ship that is needed. 

We had some such leaders in the past. Are we not 
apt to overlook and minimize the excellent work done 
by the past generations? Is there not just a little snob- 
bishness developing at present which feels that " never 
before today did the church have a real program; 
never before now did the young people have a chance ; 
now, at last, we are getting a trained leadership, etc." ? 
Training alone is not enough. There must be vision, 
love, sacrifice, faith, loyalty ; a devotion that goes to all 
limits to guide folks to the living, transforming Christ. 
The leader that is always looking for a " better job," 
is no longer leading. He can render very little help 
unless his task is assumed as the special heritage of 
God. Such loyalty is always rewarded in time. Read 
the story of Dr. Oberlin, the German missionary, and 
you will understand what I mean. There is no hope 
for civilization without a consecrated, efficient leader- 
ship. What are our pastors doing, and our Sunday- 
school teachers as well, to seek out men and women 
of talent for leadership, and challenging them with the 
call of God to the greatest opportunity in the world— 
to lead men and women into the life of the Kingdom 
through Jesus Christ, our Lord ? 
MePherson, Kans. 

room in his Kingdom for all classes and conditions of 

•' Follow me," was the command of Jesus to Mat- 
thew, " and he arose and followed him." We must 
all follow some one, and we find the right Teacher and 
Guide in Jesus. When we hear the call of Jesus we 
must turn from our old life and go with him. 
follows him shall not walk in darkness! 

Washington, D. C. 

He who 

The Old Jew Who Quit Making Money 


In Four Parts — Part Two 

II. Christ Needs and Calls Business Men 

We have in the gospel story an example of the call 
of a business man into the service of Christ. Jesus 
found Matthew at his place of business and spoke the 
fitting word that drew the tax-collector after him as 
his disciple. Matthew was doubtless a very busy 
man. but it is " busy men " that Christ wants most. 
It is wholly unnecessary for people to think there need 

Do We Need Another Elijah? 


When Israel had left the simple, pure, austere life 
of the desert, with its Jehovah worship, and had taken 
up the corrupting, intemperate, luxurious life of the 
people who had occupied Canaan before them, and 
had added to it the debasing and immoral Baal wor- 
ship brought from Phenicia by Jezebel ; God sent the 
fierce, uncompromising prophet, Elijah, to sound 
the voice of impending doom to Israel. 

Elijah was a strange character. Like John the 
Baptist he was a voice in the wilderness. Like 
Savonarola of Florence, he prophesied an impending 
doom. He seemed like a disembodied spirit for he 
was so impersonal. He appeared out of the desert 
or wilderness, sounded his warning or pronounced 
his doom and was gone again. He was the champion 
of Jehovah; his hand was against Baal and all the 
promoters of Baal worship. He would destroy every- 
thing that seemed to have any connection with the 
causes of Hebrew idolatry and degeneracy. The work 
that Elijah began and Elisha continued culminated 
in the terrible carnage and destruction of Jehu, work 
that seemed necessary before a pure life and pure 
worship could be restored. 

It would not be well if all men were like Elijah. 
But Israel would have been immensely poorer with- 
out him. He was the ubiquitous, thunderous voice of 
God calling the nation to its senses. 

There are times when nations need such characters. 
Israel needed to be called to account by Elijah; de- 
cadent Judaism needed the grim, uncompromising call 
to repentance sounded by John the Baptist; compla- 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 23, 1926 


cent England needed the stern challenge of Wycliffe; 
Italy of the later Renaissance needed the fierce re- 
buke and threat of impending disaster preached by 

Nations like men are inclined to drift. They hecome 
complacent, compromise with sin and worship their 
self-made idols. Social and ethical standards are 
slowly changed through the passing years and without 
being conscious of it a nation goes over to the enemy. 
Then unrighteousness and paganism, if not idolatry, 

It is then that some servant of God, who from 
some lofty eminence may see whence his people have 
fallen and in what direction they go, may render a 
lasting service to his age. 

And does not our age need such a leader ? Are we 
not rinding ourselves in a slough of lowered social and 
ethical or moral standards? Are we not breathing the 
depressing air filled with the miasma of doubt, indif- 
ference, complacency, half-heartedness? What Elijah 
shall sharply call us to our altars and show us what in 
our social and political life weakens and corrupts? 

Was not this the role that the late William J. Bryan 
was attempting to play in his later years? An English 
writer recently wrote of him: "Our statesmen are 
not seldom men with strong and definite theological 
beliefs, but we have not had any statesman whose life 
runs at all parallel to that of Mr, Bryan. Some of 
us would feel happier if some of our leaders would 
lead, a crusade, or do something quixotic to show the 
faith that is in them." We may not agree with all of 
his conclusions but we certainly must respect his 
motives and spirit. 

If another twentieth century Elijah appears, let us 
hear him ! 

North Manchester, hid. 

" The Moral Equivalent for War " 

2. What Is War? 

A. Beginnings of War. 

There is an old legend that pictures the earth 
as resting on an elephant and the elephant on a turtle ; 
but nobody ever discovered what the turtle rested on. 
A university student recently made a list of the vari- 
ous causes of war which have been advanced, finding 
more than the 57 varieties. Many of these, like the 
turtle, were found to rest on nothing. 

" According to Thucydides, Locrians and Acar- 
nanians, ■ being professed thieves and robbers, were 
the first to clothe themselves in armour. 
There is evidence to show that the use of defensive 
armour is not usual amongst savages in the lowest 
stage of culture. It is not employed, properly speak- 
ing, by the Australians, the Bushmen, the Fuegians, 
or in the Fiji or Sandwich Islands" (Pitt-Rivers). 

" Contrary to the romantic notions of popular litera- 
ture, primitive man seems to be timorous rather than 
brave when not encouraged by adventitious excite- 
ment. . . . Military music, . . . poetry 
and dance, had their chief importance not as regulat- 
ing but as stimulating influences. . . . There 
are some tribes in which the soldiers try to acquire 
courage and thirst for blood by magical expedients 
such as smearing themselves with some powerful un- 
guent or eating the raw meat of a newly-slaughtered 
ox" (Yr'jo Hirn). 

Primitive man cooperated or engaged in friendly 
rivalry while struggling with nature and wild animals 
for food, shelter and clothing. Whereas conflict of 
some kind has existed from the first, war only begins 
when human needs or desires are unsatisfied because 
°f another man or tribe. 
B- War Is a Custom. 

War thus is not inborn, is not even found among 
the earliest men; but becomes a habitual method of 
securing justice for the individual or group. The sup- 
posed horror of savage wars as compared to ours 
is pure fiction. The social habit of war has been 
growing in the race, constantly becoming a greater 
cv il; the world war showed its power over us, and 
die next one will be infinitely worse. The way to 

quit a habit is to quit. The way to quit drinking is to 
quit blinking. The way to abolish slavery is to abolish 
slavery. The way to stop war is to stop war. 
C. War Is a Perverted Type of Conflict. 

Such a straight-thinking sociologist as Ellwood 
contends that war has given to the world leadership, 
government, social classes, moral development, and 
large nations. Some of these are benefits to humanity. 
As to whether or not war produced them we may 
take any one of three attitudes, perhaps: 

1. War did, and nothing else could. 

2. War did, but another form of conflict could. 

3. War did not; but other factors of human asso- 
ciation did. 

It should be remembered that good does not 
come of evil; that if war accomplished these things 
it is good, and not evil. Further, other customs have 
existed such as worshiping idols, killing girl babies, 
and magical practices, which man did not really need 
if he had only had sense enough to know it ; other 
methods would have been far better. Finally, war 
is only an extreme kind of conflict, and conflict is 

Give Us to Build Above the Deep Intent 

We know the paths wherein our feet should press; 
Across our hearts are written thy decrees: 
Yet now, O Lord, be merciful to bless 

With more than these. 
- Grant us the will to fashion as we feel, 
Grant us the strength to labor as we know, 
Grant us the purpose, ribbed and edged with steel, 

To strike the blow. 
Knowledge we ask not — knowledge thou hast lent, 
But, Lord, the will — there lies our bitter need, 
Give us to build above the deep intent 

The deed, the deed. 

— John Drink water. 

only one element in social progress ; hence these bene- 
fits may have arisen by other means. In the opinion 
of the writer, war is the most destructive type of con- 

D. War May Be a Social Vestige. 

Doctors tell us that the appendix was once useful 
to man but is not now needed. They say that we 
had better not have it ; it often becomes diseased 
and an operation is necessary. If we still think diat 
war has been useful in the past, it is now undoubtedly 
rotten and dangerous to the life of our body politic. 
Let's operate ! 

E, War Is Unnatural and Abnormal. 

It has been pointed out that primitive man did 
not enjoy killing other men; that he had to be intoxi- 
cated with war music, poetry, dancing, the sight of 
blood; in short, that he had to give himself over to 
the baser impulses entirely to be the best soldier. 
Hence, personality has always been held sacred to 
some extent. 

In a speech in New York City last Armistice Day, 
Rear-Admiral Rodgers, U. S. N., humorously men- 
tioned the fact that, all advanced nations fight occa- 
sionally ; that only the Eskimos do not, and they 
haven't anything to fight for except their climate, and 
nobody wants that. But other factors than war have 
entered to produce the so-called superior nations: 
climate and natural resources, for example. It is a 
question whether we are. so superior even in America 
as we claim ; we may simply be exploiting our abun- 
dant natural resources. Sweden has not had a war for 
over a hundred years, and yet is among the most ad- 
vanced of nations. At least these people's peaceful 
life argues against the necessity for war. They are 
not effeminate and stagnant ; they are at least as physi- 
cally robust as we are in the United States. 

War is abnormal physiologically; the body of the 
soldier is ruined by excessive fatigue, gas, etc., while 
the most virile young men are killed. War is ab- 
normal psychologically: prejudice, hatred and sus- 
picion are mental attitudes which make logical thought 
impossible. War is abnormal sociologically : society 
is disrupted and disorganized so that years are needed 
for readjustment in order that progress may be re- 

War is destructive of the most worth-while things in 
life. The biggest job social and religious workers of 
this generation have is to get rid of it. In another ten 
years the world will be recovered sufficiently that 
another larger war will be possible. That man is a 
moral coward, a slacker in the cause of Christ, who 
asked for exemption in war time but does not fight 
war now. Perhaps we have scolded one another 
enough because more has not been accomplished. 
How about some real thinking and then some effective 
cooperation with our peace leaders? 
Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Christ and World Brotherhood 

2. The International Mind 

The international mind does not mean absorption 
in an impractical Utopian dream, or an indiscriminate 
charity to other people, or a passive, colorless " turn- 
ing of the other cheek" when rights and authorities 
are ignored. Nor does it mean treason to one's own 
nation or neglect of the needs of society near at hand. 
But it means keeping informed on world conditions 
and using that information as a basis for consistent 
Christian service. 

In this day when the world is shrinking so rapidly 
and the restrictions of space are being increasingly 
eliminated through improved means of communication 
and transportation, there is no excuse for ignorance 
concerning China's sincere desires, but feeble efforts, in 
the task of establishing a sound Christian democracy. 
It ought to be a matter of common knowledge that the 
closed doors of some of Asia's interior nations are 
gradually swinging open and that some of the heathen 
religions in India are studying Christianity's phe- 
nomenal success and adopting some of her methods. 

The international mind does not depend upon the 
sensational daily press for the representation of condi- 
tions abroad, but studies authoritative literature, in 
the form of the best books and magazines. The Chris- 
tian citizen of the world is not satisfied with anything 
less than scientific accuracy and certainty in this study 
and will give no car to prejudice, jingoism, or pre- 
conceived ideas. He realizes that much history teach- 
ing in American schools is presented from a wrong 
point, of view. It is made to center around the ex- 
ploits of war and conquest and the degree of military 
power displayed, rather than around the triumphs 
and achievements of peace and constructive develop- 
ment. The Christian citizen studies history, geography, 
biography, or literature primarily for the purpose of 
discovering the intellectual, social, moral, and reli- 
gious advancements and achievements which different 
peoples have made and the conditions and circum- 
stances under which they have been realized. 

Furthermore, the international mind means thinking 
in world terms. Memory, perception, and the imagina- 
tion are all used in this light. The follower of Christ 
acquires information concerning world conditions only 
for functional purposes. Impressions are received but 
to stimulate his power of thought, his effort to solve 
the problems which they divulge. When he learns of 
the crimson antagonism to religion that is rending 
Russia, his impulses to reason it through and take a 
definite stand on the question are stirred. He tries to 
discover the basic fallacies in that movement and the 
remedies which America has to offer in removing 
them. He is made doubly alert to symptoms of a simi- 
lar nature which may be found within certain move- 
ments or institutions even here in his own beloved 

The colossal and graphic example of the overthrow 
of law in Russia makes him sensitive to sinister influ- 
ences which are boring against the pillars of authority 
and government in America. Free love, a selfish type 
of personal liberty, the abuse of the privilege of free 
speech, the libeling use of the yellow press (which is 
being championed by not a few professing citizens 
of our country) are simply some of the Bolshevistic 
allies which are doing their best to thrust the world 
into a sweltering chaos. On the other hand, clear 
thinking will reveal to the international mind that 

(Continued on Pa^e 58) 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 23, 1926 

^7 Forward Movement 

Edited by J. W. Lear 

the Council ol Promoti. 

Our Inherited Stewardship— Continued 

//;. Stewardship of Property. The term property 
as used in this context is not confined to real estate, 
chattels or money values. The term " property " in 
our day of inventions and discoveries has a very broad 
interpretation. It is really difficult to discover the 
boundaries of property. For instance, bodies of water 
for centuries have had more or less of property value 
in their respective basins, and laws have been passed 
governing the use of these waters. But only in the last 
few decades a by-product of water, steam, has become 
property of most astounding significance. Again, for 
ages the lightning jumped from cloud to cloud and 
from cloud to the earth purifying the air and at times 
doing great damage, but only recently has it been 
turned into property with almost unlimited possibili- 

There is an intangible something at the very heart 
of what we term property causing great fluctuations. 
Because of this fact men have come into possession 
of large fortunes over night, so to speak, and many 
times, too, this invisible unexpected something has 
so changed as to almost pauperize wealthy individuals 
in a fortnight. The intelligence of man has been able 
to lay hold of the raw materials of God's providences 
and turn them into all but priceless property values. 
Land values in some of our cities in less than a cen- 
tury have grown from a few dollars per acre to thou- 
sands of dollars per foot. Unprofitable marshes cov- 
ering vast territory have become most valuable by 
a system of dredging and under-draining. On the other 
hand, man's lack of judgment and foresight has caused 
the loss of immense property vajues. Witness the 
wanton destruction of vast forests in our own country. 
There are instances, too, in which great proprietary 
interests have developed by very simple processes. 
The Luray Caverns, which have come to be the ad- 
miration of travelers from all lands and have yielded 
the owners a bountiful income were discovered, I . 
am told, by a hunter who followed a rabbit into a 
hole in the mountain side. Great reservoirs of latent 
possibilities have often been disclosed by accident and 
developed into most valuable property interests. 

Moreover, property yielding a fair return has been 
found to contain residuary matter that when de- 
veloped became invaluable as a by-product. For many 
years the packing industry wasted much of this ma- 
terial which-when utilized has increased the volume of 
business- and added greatly to property holdings. It 
is said that the only part of the hog that is not made to 
yield profit is the squeal. Versteeg, in his book, 
" The Deeper Meaning of Stewardship," says : " Until 
very recently, our coke makers ignorantly wasted ' on 
the desert .air' some seven hundred thousand tons of 
ammonium salts each year." 

Still further, it may be said that one industry 
creates and gives value to other industries. The auto- 
mobile industry made possible a giant rubber industry, 
the end of which cannot now be determined. We have 
come a long way since the days of primitive man. 
And more and more as our social, industrial and com- 
mercial life expands do we come to believe that state- 
ment of the apostle Paul : " No man liveth unto him- 
self." In this highly sensitized commercialized society 
it is well, too, for an individual " not to think more 
'highly of himself than he ought to think." For very 
frequently when a man thinketh he standeth financially 
secure he awakes to find he is insolvent. The most 
independent soon find themselves utterly dependent. 
It becomes necessary sometimes to enjoy Paul's state- 
ment : " Having food and raiment let us therewith 
be content." That condition is impossible, however, 
unless we believe implicitly that, " godliness with con- 
tentment is great gain." 

The Father endowed us all — some more, some less — 
with the ability to acquire property. " Six days shalt 
thou labor and do all thv work " is just as much a part 

To the 
will not work 

of the divine command as to keep a seventh of rest. 
Paul admonished the Ephesians to labor that they 
might have to give to those who were needy 
Thessalonians he declared : " If any 
neither let him eat." 

One cannot help but admire the thrift and business 
sagacity of the farmer of whom Jesus speaks in Luke 
12: 16-21. He knew how to make "nature's laws yield 
a bountiful harvest. Then, too, he was not wasteful. 
He believed in taking care of the increase. Evidently 
this is the picture of a practical farmer. Then, too. 
there was the rich young ruler. He was a fine speci- 
men of young manhood— morally clean, mind keen, 
an eye for business. Most any father or mother would 
have considered it good fortune to secure him 
for a son-in-law. What a splendid living he would 
have provided for their daughter ! These men were not 
condemned for their thrift and business sagacity. The 
power to get wealth is a gift from God. However, the 
seeking of property as a miser or as a spendthrift 
seeks it is wrong. " Lay not up for yourselves treas- 
ures on earth," said Jesus in the Sermon on the Mount. 
And the rich farmer was dubbed a fool by the Lord 
because he was rich unto himself. The motive for 
acquiring property must be right. The Christian stew- 
ard will ask : " Why this effort to come into posses- 
sion of these earthly goods? " When a man endeavors 
to amass wealth without regard to the will of God 
his economic standards are pagan. 

The power of acquiring, although God given, can 
easily drift into faulty standards of life. When an in- 
dividual considers profit rather than purpose he is 
in danger himself and may easily become a dangerous 
man in society. The ambition for such an individual 
to accumulate is purely mercenary and selfish. Profit 
is the urge that keeps him working. And when the 
profits accumulated are sufficient to supply his carnal 
ambitions he usually quits work, retiring to a life 
of ease even though he may be in the prime of man- 
hood with all the God given powers active. To all 
who are hard at work for profit rather than for pur- 
pose — Divine purpose — Jesus would surely say: 
" What shall it profit a man if he gain the whole world 
and lose his own soul? " 

This habit of acquiring for profit grows until one 
yields to the temptation of violating the laws of God 
and man in order to accumulate. False measures, false 
weights, false advertising, and false standards of deal- 
ing practiced by anyone are born out of an uncanny 
desire for profit — all of which is an abomination in 
the sight of God. Bootlegging, beer-running, etc., are 
aggravated forms of the disease. The capital and labor 
strife with its attendant strikes, lockouts, bombings, 
war, slavery, child labor, unsanitary workshops, and 
a thousand ills of society can be traced to the mad 
race for profits. Much of the gold rush, oil rush, and 
land rush in which many Christians rush to their own 
spiritual detriment- falls in the class of an inordinate 
desire to acquire for profit. Paul would call it " a 
love of money " and Jesus would say that it was due 
to a misplacement of the affections. 

Christian stewardship principles rightly understood, 
cheerfully acknowledged and faithfully applied would 
change the motive of acquisition from profit to pur- 
pose. Such an one will enter into partnership with God 
in using his talents for money-getting and definitely 
determine to honor God in both getting and spending 
by having for his real objective the promotion of the 
Kingdom of God. He will not only pray, " thy king- 
dom come, thy will be done on earth as in heaven," 
but he will devote himself to honest toil that he may 
give a full and free share in helping to answer the 
burden of that prayer. Such an individual will not only 
pray the Christian's prayer but he will pay the Chris- 
tian's part. 

To apply the principles of Christian stewardship as 
they relate to property, requires faithful, honorable 
acquisition, faithful, intelligent administration in the 

matter of investing and spending and such an attitude 
toward God and his will as will produce consecrated 
giving in harmony with New Testament teaching. " A 
true stewardship of substance reaches its highest ex- 
pression in sacrificial giving, a giving which catches 
its inspiration at the cross of Christ where infinite 
love gave its'utmost for us." 
God wants our best. He in the far off ages 
Once claimed the firstling of the flock, the finest of the 

And still he asks his own, with' gentlest pleading, 
To lay their highest hopes and brightest talents at his feet. 
He'll not forget the feeblest service, humblest love; 
He only asks that of our store, we give the best we have. 

The Worthy Minister 

He will preach to please him who has called him to 
the ministry of the Word. 

He will address himself to the task of discovering 
what message will please his Lord at the time and 
place of delivery. 

He will discover the language in his native tongue 
that will best express his message and will omit all 
verbiage that would seem to attract the people to him- 
self and away from his Lord. 

He will conduct himself outside the pulpit in such a 
manner' that his parishioners will be delighted to have 
him enter the pulpit and minister to thefn. 

He will be a friend to. all classes of people, rich or 
poor, righteous or sinful, weak or strong, but always 
without sacrificing his personal convictions of right. 

He will preach the Gospel, without money if neces- 
sary and convenient; and if he is remunerated he will 
receive what is his right in the Gospel free from any 
mercenary spirit. 

He carries on his labors with a becoming sincerity 
and humility which makes it unnecessary for him to 
hint or hunt for eulogy. 

He faithfully preaches self-denial and personal sac- 
rifice but he never asks his parishioners to make any 
sacrifice that he himself would be unwilling to make. 

The " Messenger " in Every Home of the 


Before the Church of the Brethren owned its Pub- 
lishing House, there were three papers published by 
Brethren. The Vindicator served the ultra conserva- 
tive element in the church. The Progressive Christian 
represented the radically progressive, while The Breth- 
ren at Work took a middle ground and held to the con- 
servatives or main body of the church.. The tendency 
of these three papers was to train the minds of their 
readers in three opposite directions and apart from 
each other ; and the natural result was the Old Order 
and the Progressives split from the main body of 
the church and formed separate organizations. 

Bro. D. L. Miller, who had a vision and always 
looked out for the best interests of the church, tried 
to concentrate the minds of all the members of the 
"church upon a single church paper as a church organ 
to prevent any further division of the church. After 
years of effort, he succeeded in inducipg the church 
to take control of the Publishing House and all the 
publishing interests of the church. Since the church 
controls all its publishing interests we have had re- 
markable unanimity in our church councils and church 

Every organized body of any consequence has its 
paper. Each branch of the medical profession has 
its organ, so have the business interests, the trades 
unions, the fraternal bodies and clubs. It is just as 
necessary for the church to have its organ, and but 
one. More than one church paper would produce 
discord and lead toward division. The Church of the 
Brethren must have a church paper for the following 
reasons : 

1. To keep the members of the church united. 

2. To keep the members of the church informed 
of what the church is doing. 
To shape the policies of the church for develop- 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 23, 1926 


4. To train the children of church members for 
the church. 

To gain the above stated objects the contents of the 
Messenger are adapted to the various activities of 
the church and meet its various requirements. Hence, 
we have the Editorial Page to discuss the leading sub- 
jects affecting the church. Then the General Forum 
affords an opportunity for the best talent in the church 
to express itself and serve with articles of a superior 
quality. The Forward Movement page keeps the 
church informed of its needs.- The Pastor's Study 
js designed to help the preacher in his line of work. 
'flic Home and Family delights the home circle with 
interesting stories. The page, Among the Churches, 
informs the readers of the weekly increase of the 
church. The Around the World page gives us a 
glimpse of what is taking place all over the world. 
The Quiet Hour suggests how to conduct the prayer 
meeting. The Correspondence department affords all 
writers a chance to contribute something from their 
field of action. The Sisters' Aid Society can tell what 
they have been doing during the year. Even the Matri- 
monial Altar and Necrology are not overlooked. Fur- 
nishing such a complete variety of reading matter to 
meet all the needs of the, church, makes it important 
that the Messenger be found in every family in the 
Fritita, Colo. 

Notes From Our Correspondents 

elected for the co 
Swih.irt, pastoi 


Glendale church met in council Dec. 28. when the following of- 
:ar: church, Bro. D. D. Thomas, 
lay -school superintendent, Bro. 
Harold Kurtz"; Christian Workers' president, Sister Faith Swihart. 
A very interesting program was rendered at the Glendale church 
New Year's eve by a group of fine young students from La Verne 
rollege. It consisted of music 1 and talks and was much enjoyed 
by all present. After the program a watch party was given in 
honor of the visitors.— Frank Sine, Glendale, Ariz., Jan. 6. 


Belvedere church met in council Dec. 15, with Bro. J. E. Steinour 
presiding. A full corps of officers for the different departments 
of church work was elected for the coming year, with Bro. Steinour, 
elder, and Bro. H. R. Olwin, Sunday-school superintendent. A ChYist- 
mas service was held Dec. 20, the thought of giving being car- 
ried out. ' Gifts for the poor were brought by the children and 
an offering of over $U8 was taken.— Maria E. Barnhart, Los Angeles, 
Calif., Jan. 4. 

East San Diego.— During the regular preaching hour on Dec. 20 
we had our Christmas program. The children gave a real mes- 
sage in songs, readings and a splendid pantomime of the Good 
Samaritan. In the evening we were pleased to have with us Bro. 
C. E. Gillett, of Glendale, Ariz., who preached one of his "from 
the heart " sermons. Christmas eve our young people's Sunday- 
school class delivered well filled and practical baskets to a few 
of the needy ones in our city. The baskets were filled by donations 
from different members of the church as well as from the young 
people's class- Dec. 21 we appreciated having with us the deputa- 
tion team from La Verne Coliege. They gave us two programs, one 
in the morning and one in the evening. Both were highly inspirational 
and devotional.— Elva G. Schrock, San Diego. Calif., Jan. 3. 

Hermosa Beach.— The church met in council, with Bro. J. Z. 
Gilbert presiding. The following church officers were elected: Presid- 
ing elder, Bro. J. Z. Gilbert; church clerk, Bro. J. Hollingcr; church 
correspondent and " Messenger " agent, the writer. A committee 
was appointed to secure some one for a series of meetings soon. 
Members were also chosen on the missionary committee. We 
ri^tntly purchased new song books. Two letters were granted and 
a Sunday-school scholar was baptized recently. A Christinas program 
was rendered by the Sunday-school on the evening of Dec. 23.— Mrs. 
Vinna Bowman, Hermosa Beach, Calif., Jan. 5. 

Watcrford church hold a Thanksgiving service and each one 
present was given an opportunity to talk; many splendid thoughts 
were expressed. An offering was lifted for the South China work. 
In the evening we held our council, with Bro. Deardorff presiding. 
Nine letters were received. Nov. 29 Bro. White, of Empire, preached 
for us at the morning service.- Dec. 1,1 the boys' class gave a 
splendid program during the Christian Workers' hour. A program 
was given by the Sunday-school on Christmas eve, which was 
well rendered and enjoyed by all. A treat was given to the children. 
Bro. Levi Winkleble.~k, of Empire, delivered a sermon at our morn- 
ing service Dec. 27.— Mrs. Iva Kennedy, Waterford, Calif., Dec. 28. 


First Grand Valley church met in council Jan. 1. The budget for 
this year was presented and approved. Also the year's reports were 
given and accepted. They were a decided improvement over the 
year before and we feel greatly encouraged. Our Sunday-school 
gave a very good program on Christmas eve in which each class 
''ad a part. We also had the White Gift service. The primary 
department gave little gifts for the mission school in Africa. The 
jntermediatohoys gave theirs to the Near East Relief and the 
intermediate girls gave toys and* treats for a widow's family in 
Grand Junction. The young people presented the church with a 
beautiful electrical bulletin board. The older adult classes gave 
money to some of our yoUng ministers. The younger adult class 
remembered some of the shut-ins and old people, also going to 
the homes antf_ singing Christmas carols. On New Year's night 
they went to the County Farm and gave a program and passed treats 
<o the inmates. This Christmas has meant more to us than 
ever before. Last Sunday morning Bro. Fisher gave a very im- 
pressive installation service for the church and Sunday-school officers. 
-Berma Kelley. Grand Junction. Colo., Jan. 2. 

Grand Junction church met in council Dec. 17. with Eld. Salem 
B «ry presiding. He was unanimously reelected . elder in charge, 
with Eld. Harvey Mohler as assistant; Sister Beatrice Davis, church 
clerk; Bro. D. M. Click. Sunday-school superintendent. We decided 
'o hold a series of meetings as soon as we could arrange with 
some minister to do the preaching. If some minister passing through 
would stop off and give us a good meeting we would try and 
ne 'p him in a financial way. We also expect to hold a love feast 
'his spring. Our Sunday-school has been making fine progress 
'"is last year. We had a splendid program Dec. 27.— D. M. Click, 
Grand Junction, Colo.. Jan. 2. 

Haxtun church met in council Dec. 19, with Eld. I. C. Snavcly 
presiding and elected church and Sunday-school officers for the 
ensuing year. Dec. 22 the Sunday-school presented its Christmas 
program, the While Gift service, and some very appreciated gifts 
were sent out by the various classes. Bro. I. C. Snavcly has con- 
sented to remain with us until June 1. 1927. During the year we 
organized a senior chorus and also junior and primary choruses. 
Dec. 30 the seniors gave a short Christmas program consisting of 
four anthems. Prof. M. Mays Heinv is our director.— 
Vculah Whitney, Haxtun. Colo., Jan, 3, 

Wiley church met in council Dec. 17. with Eld. D. O. Cotircll 
presiding. Church officers were elected for another vear, with Bro. 
Cottrell, elder, and Bro. Roy Miller, assistant. Our Bible In- 
stitute was splendid and a great blessing lo those who took ad- 
vantage of it. Our pastor. Bro. B lough, was at Rocky Ford the 
past week, helping conduct an institute there. — Mae U. Bruhnker. 
Wiley. Colo.. Ian. 3. 


Lakeland.— The work here is moving along nicely. Our new 
ehurchhonsc is now ready for the plastering. We are holding Sun- 
day-school and preaching services in the auditorium of a school. 
The Young People's District Conference was held here Dec. 20, 
which was interesting and much appreciated. We extend an in- 
vitation to any members who are contemplating a visit to Lake- 
land to worship with us. There arc plenty of opportunities in 
the Southland for those who wish active church and mission work. 
One young sister was received into the church Jan. 3 by baptism, 
the first baptism in the Lakeland church.— Mrs. J. S. Leckrone. 
Lakeland, Fla., Jan. 4. 


Moscow church met in council Dec. 5, with Eld. Chas. M. Ycarout 
presiding. Church and Sunday-school officers were elected for the 
coming year: Bro. M. S. Taylor, trustee for the church for three 
years; the writer, church correspondent and " Messenger " agent; 
Bro. M. S. Taylor, Sunday-school superintendent. A ministerial board 
also was chosen. Our elder preached a very earnest sermon on 
the history of mission work in the Church of the Brethren on 
Nov. 22, after which an offering was taken for world-wide missions.— 
Mrs. Viola Hagedorn, Moscow. Idaho, Jan. 5. 

Twin Falls.— Dec. 26 Bro. Wm. Riddlcbarger, of Nainpa, Idaho, presi- 
dent of the young people's department for Christian Workers, came 
here. Saturday evening he, with seventeen young people and their 
leader, met in one of the homes for a social time, after which 
Bro. Riddlcbarger gave some very good suggestions on how to 
conduct the young people's meetings to make them more interest- 
ing. Sunday morning, Dec. 27. Bro. Riddlcbarger preached for us, 
using for his subject, " No Room in the Inn." After his very 
interesting talk, which we all enjoyed, we retired to the basement 
and satisfied our appetites as each family had brought well filled 
baskets. After spending some time together we returned to our 
homes. We met at the church again in the evening and had 
another good talk by our brother. He remained among us for 
several days visiting in the homes of the various young people 
in the interest of his work— Etta Melton, Twin Falls, Idaho, Jan, 9. 


Canton.— Dec. 28 a goodly number of our members and friends 
gathered at the church to welcome Brother and Sister W. I,, 
Hatcher Into our church and also into the church circles of our 
town. They have come from Summitvillc, Ind., to take up tile 
pastorate. The program consisted of a song service, led by O. P. 
Ague, of the U. B. church, readings and welcome addresses by 
visiting ministers from other churches, including Congregational, 
Baptist, Methodist, and Presbyterian, also Bro. D. E. Eshelman. 
from our church, and Sister Anna Westerficld for the Aid Society. 
Both Brother and Sister Hatcher responded, expressing their 
pleasure at the welcome extended and their desire to make this 
year the best the church here has ever experienced. After the 
reception the pastor and wife were presented with a number o( 
gifts. We will soon be in the midst of a revival service, planned 
to begin Jan. 10, to continue as long as interest is manifested, clos- 
ing with a love feast.-Mrs. H. J. Kramer, Canton, III. Jan. 3: 

Hurricane deck.— On Thanksgiving Day the churches of our com- 
munity met in union services. Talks were given in the forenoon 
, by the ministers of the different churches. At noon a basket 
dinner was enjoyed and dinners were taken to several not able 
to be with us. In the afternoon we were entertained with read- 
ings and recitations by the boys and girls, after which everyone 
had an opportunity to testify. We met in council Dec, 20, with 
Eld. N". E. Miller presiding. The following officers for churcli 
and Sunday-school were chosen: Elder, Bro. N. E. Miller; clerk, 
Flora Caylor; "Messenger" agent, Noble Bolinger; correspondent and 
Sunday-scHool superintendent, the writer. Jan. 2 the young people 
of the church met at our home. They reorganized and bad a 
social time together. Jan. 1 the teachers (or the Sunday-school 
were chosen.— Mrs. C. C. Ellis, Pleasant Mound, III., Jan. 6. 

Milled geville church met in council for the election of Sunday- 
school and church officers. Bro. John Guagey has been our super- 
intendent for seventeen years and we were loath to accept his 
resignation. He has seen the Sunday-school grow from lilly to 
over a hundred. Mrs. Frank Levengood became his successor, 
Bro. Paul Studebaker, who has been doing very efficient work 
among us, was reelected pastor and elder. He is also our delegate 
to the Annual Conference. A committee was appointed to see 
"what arrangements can be made toward fitting out the basement 
for Sundav -school purposes. Our church is experiencing the joy 
of giving toward missions. We set our quota at $450 and at this 
date have raised $530. Class organizations are helping, the Aid 
has been a strong factor, and the Sunday-school has special mission 
days. White Gifts were given at Christmas time and special 
offerings were taken. The children themselves have raised almost $50 
for the hospital in India. Bro. Peters, president of Mt. Morris 
College, officiated at our communion. He is winning his way into 
the hearts of our people. Thanksgiving was a day of bounteous 
blessings, physically and spiritually. Christmas was celebrated 
in story and song in the evening, and selections from the little 
tots in the morning. We have felt that the year has been showered 
with blessings.-Eva L. Whisler, MHIcdgevillc, III.. Jan. 2. 

Okaw.— Nov. 22 Bro. B. F. Stutsman, pastor of the Decatur church, 
was with us. In the evening the Christian Workers gave "The 
Life of Christ in Song." Thanksgiving services were held Wednesday 
evening and an offering of $70 was lifted for world-wide missions. 
Nov. 29 Brother and Sister C. I. Weber, of Allison Prairie, came 
to~us iu a revival effort at Centennial. Sister Weber led the 
singing and assisted in the services. Four Sunday-school girls 
accepted Christ. At the close, Dec. 14, our love feast was held at 
La Place, with Bro. Wcher officiating. Regular business meet- 
ing was held Dec. 5. Officers and committees for 1926 were chosen, 
At La Place, superintendent. Etta Arnold; Christian Workers' presi- 
dent. Arthur Alexander; at Centennial, superintendent, Oscar Beery; 
Christian Workers' president. Arvel Landis. Christmas eve the 
primary department at La Place gave a program. Dec. 27 we had 
an all-day service in commemoration of the fiftieth anniversary of 
the La Place churchhousc. The forenoon meeting was conducted 
similar to fifty years ago.- Jan. 3 . special services will he held 
for the officers and teachers for 1926. We are expecting Bro, W. 
B. Stover for a few days in February.— Estclla Arnold. La Place. 
111.. Dec. 29. 


Arcadia.-We met in council Jan. 2, with Eld. I. B. Wike in charge, 
Dallas Bamhizer was reelected clerk. The clerk and treasurer will 
serve three years instead o( one as heretofore. The writer is cor- 
respondent and " Messenger " agent. Our Sunday-school arranged 
for a Christmas program for Dec. 27, but on account of the severe 
cold it was postponed until Jan. 3. At this time a large number 
of children took part in the exercises and a treat was given to each 
child. We decidrd to fit up some Sunday-school rooms in the attic 
of the church for the accommodation of our growing Sunday-school. 
The outlook for the coming year is encouraging and we are plan- 
ning for more efficient work.— Sarah Kinder. Arcadia, Ind-, Jan. 6. 

Bethany church met in council Dec. S. A report of the visit was 
given. Bro. M. H, Gcyer presided. Sunday-school officers were 
elected, with Bro. Jesse Eisenhour. superintendent; president of 
Chnstian Workers' Meeting, Bro. J W, Weybright. We had a 
fine Christmas program. Dec. 13 Bro. David Metzler was with 
lis in tin- forenoon and gave us a fine sermon.— Mrs, Bertha B. 
Wcyhnght, Syracuse. Intl., Jan. S. 

Cedar Lake church met in council Dec. 22, with our pastor, Bro. 
C. C. Cripe, presiding. Church officers for the coming year were 
electcd.> with Carrie Rufncr', clerk. A finance committee was ap- 
pointed to make out a budget, and look after the finances for the 
year. We decided to have only one offering, which is to be taken 
during the Snliday-scliool period. We arc using the envelope system. 
A license to preach, which had been granted to Bro. Arthur Christner 
List June, was revoked. The children gave a short Christmas pro- 
gram, which was enjoyed by all. The pastor and family were 
remembered by the parishioners during the Christmas season by 
many substantial gifts. We arc beginning the new year with 
faith and hope for better work— Mrs. C. C. Cripc, Corunna, Ind., 

Indianapolis.— Ai our council meeting in November. Bro. I. B. 
Wike, of Arcadia, Ind.. was chosen elder, and the writer church 
correspondent. Since the last report three have been received by 
baptism, and one by letter. The attendance and interest in church 
service and Sunday-school continue to grow. We have a very 
large field in which to work, hut are pleased to sec the willing- 
ness on the part of the members to help in the work. The Sun- 
day-school rendered "White Gifts for the King" as a Christmas 
program. These gifts, with a Christmas treat, were taken to the 
Aged I', ..pie's and Orphans' Home of our District. The Aid Socicty 
llas been organized into two divisions and both are doing splendid 
work. Our prayer meetings are interesting and well attended. The 
brethren have organised ,-, Men's Council of Promotion and are 
planning some special wirk. The pastor and his wife were agreeably 
surprised when, on the evening of our prayer meeting prior to 
Christmas, Bro. Wilbur s. flarnliart made a very appropriate speech 
and in hcliali q1 the members and (rim- Is presented them with a 
very creditable money donation, While we greatly appreciate this 
token of appreciation yet it makes us feel more keenly our obliga- 
tions, and our prayer is llial we may be able to render more ef- 
fectual service, -Mrs, G. L. Studebaker. Indianapolis, Ind., Jan, 9. 

LaPorte. -Rhl. Clyde C, Cripe concluded a very profitable meet- 
ing Dec. 1,1, Me preached seventeen sermon* that helped the members 
as well as those outAide the church. The meetings steadily gained 
in interest till the close, when four were baptized. Bro. Cripe also 
assisted in our annual church council Dec, 12. The Mission Board 
continues in charge, with Eli Roosc as pa.ilor. The church officers 
arc, clerk, Herbert B. Bayer; " Messenger " agent. Sister Lola Col- 
lins; correspondent, Price Umphlct; Sunday-school superintendent. 
Sisler Amies Merchant, with a full corps of helpers in all the de- 
partmenls.-Mrs, Ellen Roosc. LaPorte. Ind.. Jan. 11. 

Manchester church met hi council meeting Dec. 3. with Eld. Otho 
Winger presiding, One brother was restored to fellowship. This 
was the regular annual election of officers. Bro. Otho Winger, who 
has SO faithfully ami efficiently presided over our work for the 
past four years, wan reelected elder lor another vear. Bro. W, E. 
Boyer was elected church clerk; gister Carrie Huffman, "Messenger" 
Correspondent. Bio It, C. WcilgCl was elected as a member of 
the pastoral committee. Oilier officers were elected. Sunday even- 
in p;. Dec, 13, there was a special council in ee ling for tile purpose 
of electing Sunday-school officers lor lln coming year. This re- 
sulted as follows: Or. O, G. Urubaker, general superintendent; M. 
M. Shcrrick, adult superintendent; J, E, Dottcrcr, superintendent 
.■I" young people's department; Mrs, Emma M, Dottcrcr, super- 
intendent of intermediate division; Mrs, Florence Schwalm, super- 
intendent ..f children's division and juniors. The selection ol 
teachers (or the Various classes is now practically completed and, 
with our enlarged equipment, we arc now anticipating a great 
year in our Sunday -school The Christmas season was very ap* 
pioprialely celebrated in our church Sunday, Dec. 20, All depart- 

meiils uf the Sunday scl 1 assembled in the main auditorium for 

lb. opening exercises, The young people gave a pageant entitled 

the "Nativity." The varioilfl events relating lo [be birth and 

early life ol Christ were enacted. This program was quite whole- 
some and effective iu starting the day in the right spirit. All 
appreciated this cxccllciil worh of the young people. In the even- 
ing the children's division and tin- intermediates gave a very inter- 
esting program. This consisted of readings, exercises, songs, drills 
and a pageant, Following ibis was .-, very impressive gift service. 
The children's division ami intermediates' offering, which amounted 
to about 5240, is given in tile now hospital at Dahanu, India. The 

children have earned till* no y during the past summer. All 

Other departments gave their offering to world-wide missions. The 
entire offering with wbal has been added since amounts to about 
(900, So our goal of one dollar a member at Christmas has 
practically been realized.— Mrs, Emma' M. Dottercr, North Man- 
chester, lud,. He.-. 29, 

Middletown— We had the pleasure nf listening to a good talk 
given by Bro. Roof, ol Anders. m, S,unla\ a week. Last Sunday Bro. 
J. S. AlldrCdgC gaVC US Jtlier good lesson and next Sunday we 

are looking lor Eld, Dillon, who never fails to admonish in his 
good way. Our Sunday-school is getting along nicely. The number 
is not great hut those who come seem to lake an interest in the 
work.-l-lorida J. E. Green. Middlclown, Ind.. Jan. 5. 

Monticollo.-Umlcr the efficient leadership and untiring efforts 
of our elder and pastor. Chan, H, Oherlin, and wife, the Monticello 
churches have made a steady and substantial growth during the 
pasl year. Fourteen have been baptized and three reclaimed. There 
llos been an increase in average Sunday-school attendance and 
in tile amount given (or missions. Our Thanksgiving offering for 
missions was ;>6J,57. Community Week and Rally Day were 
decided successes. Our missionary, welfare, Aid Society and Christ- 
mas programs were all helpluj. Among our outside helpers for 
the vear are; W. L. Hatcher, J. K. Eikenherry. J. O, Winger, 
Minerva Mctzger, Roy Teach, Virgil Finnell. Geo. Phillips. Lawrence 
Slnilt/, Paul Fisher and Ruth Mci/ W cr. Our love feast was held 
Oct. 31, with Bro. Gorman fleeter officiating. The council met Dec. 
S. Eld. Chas. Obcrlin was unanimously reelected. Other church 
and Sunday-school officers were chosen: J L. Hibner being re- 
elected superintendent for Pike Creek Sunday-school, and Gilbert 
McCombs For Guernsey. A Teacher-training Class : - 
witb ("has, Oherlin, le.icber. The church and commu 
miss the help ol Brother and Sister E, R. Zimmerman, wiw arc 
moving to Chicago to enter Bethany Bible School.— Mrs, L. G. 
Bridge, Monticello, Ind., Jan. 2, 

Muncic-.-This New Year's Day the pastor is disposed to write 
in a note on his sincere appreciation of the wide-awake Aid Society 
th:rr has been functioning in his church the past year. Sister 
Wm. J. Tinkle has acquitted herself in a highly satisfactory way 
aa ib. president. And she has had the cooperation of a group of 
women win. are also deserving of commendation for their good 
work and their good purpose to give themselves to the doing 
of things worth while and constructive. Their activities have 
been a decided asset to our church. Moreover, they have been 
instrumental in provoking others to good works. We give an 
instance. There was, until last summer, an old debt against the 
church, payable to our District Aged Persons' Home. It was 
impeding our church progress. The Aid took it for their task 
lo pay off this debt, and would have accomplished it by them- 
selves in reasonable time, no doubt. They had made an ap- 
preciable decrease in the size of the debt, when we were favored 
with a visit and an attitude of helpfulness from one of the good 
Home trustees, Bro. David F. Miller. Inspired to some extent at 
least by the good precedent set by the Aid, our members as a 

whol. rcsi led readily and we went "over the top." There has 

,,,,,., i . ri fit Ol a fine feeling and there has naturally developed 
an increase o) interest in the Aged Persons' Home.— Ralph G. Ranck, 
Muncic. In-]., Ian. 1 

(Continued on Page 60) 




The Pastor's Challenge 

2. Our Conduct a* a Denomination 

Conduct is the final test of Christianity. This idea 
was constantly emphasized by Jesus. He always ap- 
pealed to faith through the medium of conduct. When 
Philip asked to be shown the Father Jesus explained 
that he had been seeing the Father all the while 
through his own conduct. Jesus had been acting just 
as God would have acted. He urged his followers to 
follow him. Christianity makes some sweeping con- 
duct claims but they will make but little appeal to the 
world unless actually realized. 

Conduct is causing much unfavorable comment at 
present. Many are much alarmed, and some are giv- 
ing serious thought as to possible adjustments. We 
may as well frankly admit that our conduct as a 
denomination is far from being satisfactory. There 
is much to suggest that the conduct of the world has 
been unfavorably influenced by the conduct of the 
church. Whatever our share of the responsibility may 
be we may well give attention to the matter of con- 
structive adjustments. To do this we shall certainly 
need to look well to those influences which have 
brought about this condition. This is especially true 
with reference to inside influences. Have we failed to 
emphasize conduct, has our emphasis been too strong, 
or is it possible that we have had an unfortunate 
emphasis? Careful thought suggests the latter. 

From certain angles it is evident that our conduct 
emphasis has been decidedly vague. Our attitude to 
the peace principle is a good example. Much has 
been said about peace but always in a general way 
with no specific suggestion or definite information. 
We have believed in peace. We have been opposed 
to war. That was all. When the recent war came we 
were all at sea when we should have been on solid 
ground. If one wants a pathetic thrill these days just 
let him ask one of our young men as to what his 
peace principles require of him. Our frantic efforts 
to find ourselves in the recent world dilemma still 
loom up before us and haunt us. Vagueness of em- 
phasis can never result in a constructive type of con- 

Viewed from another angle our conduct emphasis 
lias been very much one sided. Our attitude to the 
great principle of simplicity will serve to illustrate 
this unfortunate situation. Simplicity was a matter 
of first concern with our Christ but he singled out no 
particular channel through which to express the prin- 
ciple. Rather did he stress the importance of a sim- 
plicity of life which would be operative in all of the 
relations of human experience. With the Master sim- 
plicity was a principle and not a compliance with any 
special set of rules. It is a principle which demands ex- 
pression in every net of life rather than in some desig- 
nated means of observation. Simplicity will naturally 
express itself through the clothing which we wear; but 
there are even greater opportunities for expressing 
this vital principle in the homes in which we live, 
through the selection of the food which we eat, the 
way in which we spend our money, and other channels 
of daily experience. But in the final analysis the law 
of simplicity must find expression in our activities. 
We must act for God and all action should be so re- 
lated as to give God the maximum of service. 

Again, it must be admitted that our conduct em- 
phasis has been of a decidedly negative character. This 
is most unfortunate for two reasons. It fails to secure 
a constructive conduct and it actually tends to work 
against such ends. An anxious mother who was going 
away from home urged her active youngsters not to 
chase the pigs around the barn. As might be expected 
she found a tired bunch of pigs and a panting group 
of youngsters making the rounds when she returned. 
The Christian must assume a negative attitude often 
but he can do this best through a vigorous positive 
line of conduct. An undue negative emphasis usually 
results in a static type of living which is incapable 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 23, 1 926 

of constructive conduct. Less don't's and more do's 
and we shall have a new conduct record in our de- 

Another influence which has figured largely in our 
conduct as a denomination may be designated as the 
human emphasis instead of the Christ emphasis. It 
is difficult to correctly conduct ourselves in the com- 
mon walks of life. It is the most difficult task'of 
human experience. We can never do it alone. Human 
incentives have long since proved helpless. The only 
hope is through the urge of the example of Christ and 
the assistance of the Spirit of God. The assistance of 
the Holy Spirit is conditioned on our response to 
the urge of the Master's example. As soon as we be- 
»in to offer our denominational decisions as reasons 
for conduct the urge is lost and conduct is apt to 
become formal and lifeless. Our Annual Meeting de^ 
cisions should always duplicate the decisions of our 
Christ and his example should without exception be 
the basis of every appeal which we may make in the 
interest of conduct. This same principle should hold 
good with reference to all of our church rules and 
regulations. They are necessary but not a sufficient 
urge for conduct. 

This conduct challenge should certainly appeal to 
every minister in our fraternity and should bring us 
humbly into the presence of our Christ as we attempt 
to retrench ourselves for the tremendous tasks which 
face us. Every aspect of our church program should 
center Jn this great idea and every resource at our 
command should be pooled in the interest of this su- 
preme fruitage of the Christian life. An occasional 
reading of Matt. 25:31-46 will be very suggestive. 

Daleville, Va. 

The Torment of Fear 


Fear inhibits faith, and prevents it from functioning 
in action. Doubts and fears are much alike. The dis- 
tinction between them is that doubt is intellectual, 
while fear is an affliction of the will. Doubt is theoreti- 
cal ; fear is practical. Or rather one should say that 
doubt hinders theory, while fear hinders practice. 
The normal function of fear is to prevent false faith 
or faith which is mistaken. " Early and provident 
fear," it is said, " is the mother of safety." When a 
real danger comes, we are warned against it by fear. 
And most of our fears are foolish fears; we suffer 
far too much from things which never happen. Some- 
where there is a picture of a little shriveled up, stooped 
over, wrinkled old man, leaning on a cane, tottering 
along the way. Underneath is this legend : 

"I am a very, very, very, very, old man. 
I have seen many, many, many, many troubles- 
Most of which never happened." 

It is these " troubles which never happen " that 
distress us most, and hurt our lives so that we become 
prematurely old. It is these foolish unfounded fears 
that paralyze most of our efforts. Where we fail once 
by being overconfident, we fan ten times through 
timidity, diffidence, and fear. 

Worry is a foolish kind of chionic fear, while ex- 
treme bashfulness is another. We are taught never to 
worry about anything, but when wt feel like worry- 
ing to pray. " Be anxious for nothing, but in every- 
thing by prayer and supplication with thanksgiving 
let your requests be made known unto God; and the 
peace of God, which passeth all understanding, shall 
keep your hearts and thoughts in Christ Jesus." It 
is also said: "Thou wilt keep him in perfect peace, 
whose mind is stayed on thee, because he trusteth in 

" Now fear hath torment." It is never satisfying. 
It is always annoying. It is always destructive. It is 
always exceedingly expensive. Fear in any form 
burns up a tremendous lot of nervous energy in a 
fruitless way — unless some real enemy is in view. 
The Bible frequently urges us to " Fear not." When 
the shepherds were prostrated with fear at the sight 
of the angel, he said to them : " Fear not, for I bring 
you good tidings of great joy." Why should they be 
afraid? When the apostles on the Mount of Trans- 
figuration were all on their faces with fear, Jesus 

came and comforted them, and told them not to fear. 
Isaiah said, as a message from Jehovah : " Fear not, 
for I am with thee. Be not dismayed for I am thy 
God. I will strengthen thee. Yea, I will help thee. 
Yea, I will uphold thee with the right hand of my 
righteousness." Therefore, why should we fear? 

In the thirteenth chapter of Hebrews, we are told : 
" For himself hath said, I will in no wise fail thee, 
neither will I in any wise forsake thee. So that with 
good courage we say/ The Lord is my helper ; I will 
not fear: what shall man do unto me?" 

Fear is often born of doubt, and so if we cultivate 
faith and eradicate our doubts, we shall be rid of our 
fears. In fact a man's fears are in proportion to his 
doubts, and exactly in the contrary proportion to his 
faith. Again we are told: "Perfect love casteth out 
fear." Therefore in proportion as the love of God 
is poured out in our hearts by the Holy Spirit, we 
shall eliminate fear. 

The fact is that life is beset with so many dangers ; 
and human nature is so fallible and weak that unless 
" we dwell in the secret place of the Most High or 
abide under the shadow of the Almighty " (Psa. 91), 
we shall not be rid of our fears. If, as in Jude 20, 
we build up ourselves on our most holy faith, pray- 
ing in the Holy Spirit, we shall keep ourselves in the 
love of God and be rid of fears. 

Chicago, III. , 

The Whirling Head 

"He looked this way and that" (Exodus 2: 12). 
These are the actions of a timid time-server, a 
place-seeker, a man-pleaser, a man-fearer. There is 
no upward look, no clear vision ; only a boneless, spine- 
less course shaped by faces, by frowns and favors, by 
smiles and flowers. 

Deep convictions and a settled purpose are not 
evident. The man with the whirling head just feels 
his' way, finger on the pulse, eye on the weather, ear 
on the ground. He seeks the line of least resistance, 
vacillating— a tree toad changing color with the crowd. 
What will folks say, what do people want? Poor 
fellow, what a time he has 1 Poor head, always on 
the whirl ! Like a weather vane it goes this way and 
that. It is so busy with its spiral twists and feats that 
there is no time to think or to have convictions of its 
own. Some become so adept in " this way and that," 
that they can look both ways at once. 

Two things may ' make the whirling head, fear of 
man's wrath or hope of man's favor. 

We find these folks everywhere : in pulpit and pew 
and in every walk of life. They are would-be leaders, 
but in fact being led ; would-be molders and shapers 
of thought and life in others, in the church and in the 
world, but in fact just clay on the molding board of 
public opinion, with no goal, no objective. Such men 
never bring about reforms, or break shackles, or 
change customs, or stem the tide of worldliriess and 
nauseating lukewarmness in the church. They will 
never deliver the people, they will never lead them out 
of bondage, or across the Red Sea, or into the 
promised land. 

This man went out and looked on his brethren, 
and would have delivered them, but looking this way 
and that he feared and fled. Some folks start too 
soon, they have ambition before they get vision. 

Later this same man who looked this way and that 
spent forty years at the back side of a desert urtder 
divine tutorship. Here he took off his shoes, stepped 
on holy ground, saw the burning bush, caught a vision 
of God, heard the divine call and his whirling head 
was completely cured, his face set like a flint, his 
eye fixed on the goal, his ear opened to the call of the 
great I AM. Thus changed he led a nation out of 
cruel and bitter bondage. 

Such men are needed in the world and in the church 

today. Does your face look this way and that? If so, 

you had better spend more time in the desert at the 

back side of the mountain atone with God. 

Milford, Nebr. . . 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 23, 1926 



Don't Make the Wrinkles Deeper 

Is father's eyesight growing dim, 

His form a little lower? 
Is mother's hair a little gray, 

Her step a little slower? 
Is life's hill growing hard to climb? 

Make not their pathway steeper; , 
Smooth out the furrows on their brows, 

Oh, do not make them deeper. 

There's nothing makes a face so young 

As joy, youth's fairest token; 
And nothing makes a face grow old 

Like hearts that have been broken. 
Take heed lest deeds of thine should make 

Thy mother be a weeper; 
Stamp peace upon a father's brow, 

Don't make the wrinkles deeper. 

In doubtful pathways do not go, 

Be tempted not to wander; 
Grieve not the hearts that love you so, 

But make their love grow fonder. 
Much have thy parents borne for thee, 

Be now their tender keeper; 
And let them lean upon thy love, 

Don't make the wrinkles deeper. 

Be lavish with the kindly deeds, 

Be patient, true, and tender; 
And make the path that ageward leads 

Aglow with earthly splendor. 
Some day, the dear ones, stricken low, 

Must yield to death, the reaper; 
And you will then be glad to know 

You made no wrinkles deeper. 

Home Relations 


Without trying to give a definition of home, it 
may be said that it comprises a house for protection, 
husband as creator, wife as director and children as 
the expression of the love that brought it into being; 
also marriage that legalizes it, comradeship that sta- 
bilizes it and fairness that unites it. The home is the 
result of God's purposeful, creative genius. In this 
creation he made man male and woman female, and 
so combined physical powers, social instinct and spirit- 
ual consciousness that out of these qualities other 
creations might arise, not of his immediate act. And 
in this endowment he said was the reason why " A 
man shall leave his father and mother and cleave unto 
his wife, and they twain shall be one," in purpose, 
in object, in hope, in result and in flesh. The com- 
pletes! fulfillment of becoming " one flesh " being 
in the child, whose body, social, and spiritual instinct is 
(when not marred) like the parents. This is the home 
God created, his own and first institution, blessed and 
endowed so as to perpetuate it. 

We read that God created the vegetable kingdom, 
the animal kingdom, and man out of the dust of the 
ground; but that in the creation of woman he used 
material already vitalized and specialized, thus we 
have in the human female the highest specialized or- 
ganism known to man. There are certain biological 
facts which tend to show that the female is farther 
removed from the animal kingdom than is the male, 
which agrees with the Bible story of creation. Fewer 
deviations from normal development, because truer 
to phylogenetic law, the female tends to stabilize the 
distinction and superiority of human over the lower 


This is a preparatory period for mating. If spent 
with any other purpose, or no purpose, it is un- 
worthy. It has grown out of the experiences of the 
best people of the past generations, and when so 
conducted is characterized by deliberation, investiga- 
tion and information. While other desirable advan- 
tages result, it is fundamentally the time for deter- 
mining whether individuals would be suitable mates, 
and that the mating instinct be cultured and strength- 
ened, expressions of love growing out of increasing 
evidence of adaptability. It is the time for determin- 
In g the kind of mate most helpful and desirable. 

When this choice is once made and later regretted, 
it is a clear case of one's own blunder. Consideration, 

tenderness, sacrifice for others, protection, helpfulness, 
such spiritual qualities grow out of association dur- 
ing courtship. These spiritualize mating and place 
love on a sounder basis than the physical only. It 
is the time for self-revelation, discovering ideals, ex- 
amination of family traditions, and the determination 
of grounds or lack of grounds for confidence and trust. 
Courtship characterized by enthusiasm, infatuation 
and the expression of affection is usually only pre- 
marital, and is grounds for the saying: "Love is 
blind." Normally, mating only prolongs and stabilizes 
what premarital courtship revealed. 

The Choice 

Courtship reveals moral tendencies and personal 
habits, such as: honesty, truthfulness, promptness, 
self-respect, consideration, financial tendencies, social 
standing, education, religious bias, etc., and in the 
light of this revelation the choice is made. Falling in 
love, while essential, is only one of the important 
factors looking toward successful marriage. If un- 
desirable qualities are considered before marriage the 
awakening after marriage would not produce such 
a shock. The chances of a happy married life will be 
proportionate to the way in which courtship is spent. 
Sentiment, ignorance and bent, are not enough to 
guide the inexperienced in making a good choice. 
There is certainly a glaring lack on the part of experi- 
enced and even cultured people in not putting in a 
usable way the fundamental principles that must guide 
a choice to be a safe one. If the venture is to run 
smoothly, sacrifice, whether physical, financial or 
emotional, including religion, cannot be one-sided. 
Prejudice or selfishness cannot control the judgment. 
Culture of character, not concealment, speaks for suc- 
cess. The idea that courtship terminates with mar- 
riage is not a desirable one. 


The choice should be made in the consciousness of 
two possible results: (1) family, (2) heritage. (1) 

Mating with the expectation of preventing children 
is unworthy and disappointing. If reproduction is 
undesirable, then mating is denied on the same ground, 

(Continued on Page S8) 

junior department last year." continued Jean, but 
Josephine " answered not a word." 

" Mary Jones had a new dress on today and she 
sure thought she was smart. I don't think her dress 
is une bit pretty," ejaculated Jean, but Josephine " an- 
swered not a word."' Jean looked at her quizzically, 
was silent a few minutes, and then said : " Will you 
help me mend my gingham dress, Josephine?" 
" Certainly I will," was her quick response. 
A few evenings later Jean had quite a lengthy criti- 
cism to offer about the pastor teaching in Vacation 
Bible School, but Josephine " answered not a word." 
After a few minutes' pause Jean exclaimed: "Jose- 
phine, will you help me do my Sunday-school les- 
son ? " 

" Be delighted to," she replied cheerily. 
The next evening Jean read aloud a letter she had 
received from her folks, criticising its contents as 
she read, but Josephine very cautiously answered not 
a word to these criticisms when they savored the least 
bit of gossip. 

That night as Jean bade Josephine good night before 
retiring she said: "Josephine. I know something 
good about you." 

"What is it?" asked Josephine. 

" You simply won't talk about people." 

La Verne, Calif. 

11 You Simply Won't Talk About People " 


Jean's folks had gone to Annual Conference. They 
had left Jean and her sister Marie with a neighbor 
girl whom we will call Josephine Curry. 

Now, though Jean is just a little girl, she is some- 
what given to gossiping. The very first evening 
Josephine spent with Jean and Marie, Jean spent the 
evening telling Josephine the faults of the girls in her 
Sunday-school class. 

" Here's a chance to teach that little girlie a lesson — 
but how am I going to do it? " soliloquized Josephine. 
" I will have to be very tactful or I will get her turned 
against me, and that will never do ; for I am responsible 
for her for the next few weeks." 

After seeking her mother's advice and praying over 
the matter Josephine felt she had a possible method 
of solution. 

''Josephine," began Jean the very next evening, 
" do you think it is right for parents to make their 
children go to Vacation Bible School?" 

" Why do you ask? " queried Josephine. 

" 'Cause Mrs. Smith is going to make Jack go. I 
told him it would not do him any good to go unless he 
wanted to go. His mother happened to hear me and 
she came out in the yard where we were and told me 
I was as bad as Jack, and that neither of us had 
sense enough to know what was good for us. She 
said if our parents did not make us do things like 
going to Vacation Bible School we would keep on 
doing things that were not good for our characters 
until we landed in the police station or reform school," 
exclaimed Jean impatiently. 

To all this Josephine " answered not a word." 

" Olive Smith says she is going to Vacation Bible 
School if they have decent teachers; so is Mary Jones 
and Clara Miller. They only had one decent one in the 

Practical Christian Expression 


One night I was one of a congregation of probably 
eight hundred people. Colonel Moore of Ireland, an 
officer in the British army, sang: "The Touch of 
His Hand on Mine." After the song he was asked 
to give his testimony. He said he was converted one 
day during a campaign of Dr. Torrey's in Ireland. 
Upon reaching home he told his wife of his religious 
experience. Then Romanism began its work, as they 
were members of the Catholic Church. He was forced 
to leave his dear wife and children whom he loved. 
He was an outcast from the community and lost his 
office with the government because of his attitude 
toward Catholicism. He became a wanderer. Several 
years were spent in poverty in London. During these 
years of hardship and degradation Jesus was his ever 
present, true Friend. He never lost faith in God nor 
hope of being reunited with his family. 

After seven years of exile from home, a telegram 
from his wife urged him to return as quickly as pos- 
sible. She, too, had been converted. He could not 
come soon enough to suit her. What a glorious re- 
union, a Christian family happy with each other and 
in Christ! Since then. Colonel Moore has been rein- 
stated in the community and honored by the govern- 
ment. Thus, in every way, he has regained much more 
than he lost. 

Today the son, a deaf mute, is preaching the Gos- 
pel. The next, a daughter, is singing the Gospel. The 
youngest, also a daughter, is winning souls while in 
college. And the father is witnessing here in Chicago. 
This testimony seemed to impress most of the con- 
gregation as much as it did me. Tears coursed cheeks. 
Faces showed emotion. Many audible expressions of 
praise for God's love were given. 

A few minutes later, these eight hundred people, 
predominantly Christian, were asked to volunteer 
autos for one hour in the morning to distribute food 
to poor people. After considerable delay and urging, 
two ,-iutomobiles were offered. 

What a commentary this is on our interpretation 
of Christianity! People like to have their emotions 
stirred; they like to feel religious. Sermons and testi- 
monies which arouse our feelings are glorious, but 
any interruption of plans for feasting is resented. 
And to a large extent, the automobile is not considered 
as an instrument for glorifying God. This is especially 
true when its use for Christ would interrupt pleasure 
plans already made. Christianity should cause more 
than tears, tense faces, and hallowed feelings. It 
should be our inspiration to a righteous elevating of 
others' temporal and spiritual needs to first place in 
our thoughts, desires and actions. 

Chicago, III. . . _ 


Calendar for Sunday, January 24 

Sunday-school Lesson, Jesus and the Samaritan 
—John 4:13-26. 

Christian Workers' Meeting, Prove All TllingS.- 
5:14-23; 1 John 4:1, 2. 

1 Thess. 

Gains for the Kingdom 

One baptism in the Summit church, Va. 

One baptism in the Windber church, Pa. 

Four baptisms in the Thomas church, Okla. 

Three baptisms in the Indianapolis church, Ind. 

One baptism in the Hermosa Beach church, Calif. 

Thirty-seven baptisms in the McPherson church, Kans. 

Three baptisms in the Fulton Avenue church, Baltimore, 

Eleven baptisms in the Woodberry church, Baltimore, 

Ten converts in the La Verne church, Calif., Bro. Edgar 
Rothrock, the pastor, in charge. 

Four baptisms in the LaPorte church, Ind., Bro. Clyde 
C. Cripe, of Corunna, Ind., evangelist. 

Seven baptisms in the Battle Creek church, Mich., Bro. 
John Wieand of Bethany Bible School evangelist. 

Two were baptized and one reclaimed in the Tippecanoe 
church, Ind., Bro. I. S. Burns of Etna Green, Ind.. evangel- 

Fifteen baptisms in the Aughwick congregation, Pa., 
Bro. S. G. Greyer of Philadelphia, Pa., evangelist; three 
were received on former baptism. 

Three baptisms in the Spring Run church, Pa., Bro. 
Ira Holsopple of Everett, Pa., evangelist; eleven baptisms 
in the Pine Glen church, Pa., Bro. Jos. Clapper of Yellow 
Creek, Pa., evangelist. 

Personal Mention 
Bro. O. H. Feiler of McPherson, Kans., is now in the 
midst oT a series of meetings at Live Oak, Calif. 

Eld. E. S. Rothrock of Davenport, Nebr., passed away 
Sunday morning, Jan. 10. A fuller account of his life 
will appear later. 

The party from Africa consisting of Brother and Sister 
A. D. Helser and Bro. H. Stover Kulp arrived in good 
health last week. 

Bro. L. A. Whitaker of 225 Forest Ave., Oakland, Kans., 
is in a position to do evangelistic work. Any churches 
desiring his services may write to him at Red Cloud, 

We have Bro. J. F. Graybill of Spanhusvagen 38, Malmo, 
Sweden, to thank for a copy of the " Vinternummer " of 
" Evangelii Budbarares." We enjoyed looking through the 
paper, but regret that we can not tell our readers more 
about it since we do not read Swedish. 

Brother and Sister Edmund Forney of La Verne, Calif., 
now both well along in their eighties, wish their many 
friends to know that they can not write, nor read even 
the largest type, on account of failing sight. However, 
they are still able to be taken to the Sunday morning 
church services which ^they greatly enjoy. Bro. Forney 
was a prominent elder in Northern Illinois years ago and 
will be remembered by the older residents about Polo. 
A son, Bro. D. L. Forney, has been a missionary on the 
India field for many years. 

♦ ♦ * ♦ 
Miscellaneous Items 
The new Catalog of books. Bibles, Sunday-school and 
church supplies was mailed out some time ago. If you 
did not receive a catalog send your name and address 
to the Brethren Publishing House, Elgin, 111., and receive 
your free copy. 

The Wenatchee Valley Church of the Brethren, Ira j. 
Lapp, pastor, is planning to complete its church build-. 
ing project during this year. When the building is com- 
pleted this congregation will have one of the best ap- 
pointed church houses in the Brotherhood. 

"We have good leaders now," writes one of our corre- 
spondents from a small congregation. She is referring 
to the "help of two young high school teachers, who in 
addition to their week-day duties, find their way to the 
Sunday-school and help as they can in the Lord's work. 

Elders and pastors can hardly expect to visit every 
home every week in the congregations over which they 
have charge. But they can encourage their members to 
welcome a substitute. Here is what one pastor says in 
his parish paper: "Are you a subscriber for our church 
paper, ' The Gospel Messenger ' ? If not, you better 
arrange to have it come to your home each week. You 
will find iis visits a great blessing, and it will mean much 
to you to keep in touch with the workings of the church 
in general." 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 23, 1926 

Some moltors of corraponJence "and a good many 
manuscripts we hope can soon have the attention of Bro. 
Frantz. We are saying this to assure our friends that 
some delays do not mean that their interests will not 
be taken care of. Give us a little more time and we shall 
do our best to clear the trays of waiting matter. 

"Tho missionary solicitors reported the collection of 
a total of $167 -which it was voted to contribute to the 
General Mission Board to help 'wipe out' the deficit." 
writes one of our correspondents. From the notice on this 
page it must be apparent to all that the Board would ap- 
preciate similar action on the part of many other churches 
throughout the Brotherhood. 

The Lincoln Conference— are you going? Well, if you 
are, be sure to read the special notice on this page from 
Bra J. F. Appleman, General Transportation Agent. Bro. 
Appleman is working on some plans, that he hopes soon 
to be able to announce which will be of special interest 
to all east and south of Chicago, 111. Don't make your 
plans until he is able to make his next announcement. 

Have I Done My Duty? 

What is my duty? Jesus said it was to love 
Cod and our fellow-men. How do we do it? 
We develop this love in our hearts and let our 
lives give expression to God and man. 

Our fellow-men are those close to us and those 
far away. The church through its missionary 
organization attempts to discharge its duty to 
those in distant parts. To this end the church 
through its Board of Missions sends carriers of 
the Gospel abroad as well as to the unevangelized 
in America. On Jan. 1, 1926. the deficit in the 
treasury was $19,234.61. This is an improve- 
ment over last year for then we had a deficit of 
$25,000. , But the Church of the Brethren should 
not have a deficit at all. The work has been re- 
duced and we can have a balance instead of a 
deficit if we will. 

On Feb. 28, 1826, the General Mission 
Board will close its fiscal year. On that date 
records are made of the giving of each church for 
the past twelve months. What will be the record 
of your church? Yes, here is a duty . . ■ 
and more ... a high and holy privilege. 
This appeal asks your church to receive a lib- 
eral offering Feb. 7, or at least in time to send 
it to Elgin before Feb. 28. Here, too, is a 
chance for members who are not in an organized 
Church of the Brethren to express their loyalty 
to God by sending in their gifts direct. ^You will 
be entitled to a year's subscription to the " Visitor " 
if your gift is above $2, and if you make the 
request for it. (Please note "Visitor" sub- 
scriptions are not given except upon request.) 
Yours in God's service as we believe Christ 
taught us to serve. 


Elgin, Illinois 

The Messenger Radiograms on the last page (64) are 
just so many personal messages to you. Elders and pas- 
tors, will you urge the members of your congregation to 
read these radiograms? Sunday, Jan. 24, would be a good 
time to give this word of encouragement. Help us to put 
our church paper in every home in the Brotherhood. 
Whatever gives the individual member an intelligent in- 
terest in the program of the whole church, whatever en- 
courages hirh to live a bit moVe faithfully, is a good work 
—and it is one in which elders and pastors can easily help. 
Our Vacation Schools of 1925: Reports of Vacation 
Schools continue to come even after we bound up a final 
report to file in the office. There are now 254, distributed 
as follows : Virginia 58, Pennsylvania 38, Ohio 33, Indiana 
19, Kansas 16, California 16, West Virginia 10, Maryland 
9, Iowa 9, Illinois 9, Idaho 5, Missouri 5, 
Nebraska 4, Michigan 4, Oklahoma 4, North Caro- 
lina 3, Minnesota 3, Washington 2, Tennessee 2, 
Montana 2, Arizona 1, Oregon 1, Florida 1. Sta- 
tistics of ten schools were not received. There were 
4,274 Beginners; 6,426 Primaries; 6,545 Juniors; and 3,692 
above Juniors— total 20,935; 44% were males. The average 
attendance was 79^%; average school 89.3; smallest 
school 12; largest school 301; number of pupils not in 
a Sunday-school 1,783; offerings to missions $1,635.34; 
total number of workers 1,833, of whom 321 were paid 
prices varying from one dollar a week to $15.00 a week. 
Twenty per cent of our Sunday-schools had Vacation 
Schools. This is too small. Many were union schools. 
Many schools are now in the Week-day movement so 
that for this reason they had no Vacation Schools. Past 
record: 1919, 7 Vacation Schools; 1920. 88; 1921, 305; 1922, 
341; 1923, 357; 1924, 260; 1925, 254.— Ezra Flory, Elgin, 111. 

Special Notices 

To the Churches of Western Pennsylvania: All reports, 
programs, queries, etc., to be placed in the Program Book- 
let for District Meeting to be held in the Meyersdale con- 
gregation April 5-7, should be in my hands before March 
1.— L. S. Kuepper, Clerk, 1207 Hoffman Ave., Windber, Pa. 
To the members of the church and all others east and 
south of Chicago, III., who contemplate attending the 
Conference : I am arranging for a special privilege for 
you all, therefore please do not make promises to any 
railway agent, until you see my next announcement in 
the " Gospel Messenger," after which you will have ample 
time to plan your trip.— J. F. Appleman, General Trans- 
portation Agent, Church of the Brethren, Plymouth, Ind. 
Wanted: Experienced pastors* who are available, or who 
contemplate a change in location within, the next nine 
months. Give experience and preference of location. We 
have churches who have made application to the General 
Ministerial Board for pastors, and will appreciate getting 
in touch with pastors who are changing locations, that they 
might be placed in touch with churches seeking pastoral 
care.— General Ministerial Board, John A. Robinson, Sec- 
retary, Pleasant Hill, Ohio. 

The School for Pastors, Elders and Church Leaders 
will be held Feb. 1- to 7 at Bethany Bible School, Chicago. 
111. The first session will be held at 11 A. M. on the date 
of opening. "The object of this school is to better pre- 
pare and equip both our rural and city pastors and leaders 
for the increasing responsibility laid upon the church 
I leader of today." If you are planning to attend write 
Eld. D. D. Funderburg, 3435 Van Buren St., Chicago, 111., 
for reservations. Upon arriving in Chicago take the Met- 
ropolitan Elevated " Garfield Park " car and get off at the 
St. Louis station. Walk one and one-half blocks north 
to Bethany. 

The Annual Bible Institute of Blue Ridge College will be 
held Jan. 29-31. The program has been intensified by 
shortening the time. The opening session will begin Fri- 
day, Jan. 29, at 7 P. M., when two addresses will be given, 
one by John S. Noffsinger and one by T. T. Myers. Jan. 
30, 10 A. M., addresses by Ida Shumaker and John S. 
Noffsinger; 1:30 P. M., addresses by T. T. Myers and 
John S. Noffsinger; 7 P. M., addresses by T. T. Myers 
and Ida Shumaker. Sunday, Jan. 31, 9:45 A. M., addresses 
by T. T. Myers and John S. Noffsinger, and missionary 
sermon by Ida Shumaker; 2 : 30 P. M„ temperance address 
by Hon. Lester Hill, congressman from Alabama ; 7 P. M., 
addresses by T. T. Myers and John S. Noffsinger. Bible 
study, Christian education, temperance and missions will 
receive special attention.— L. H. Brumbaugh. 

Quadrennial Convention of the International Council of 
Religious Education, Birmingham, April 12-13: Our de- 
nomination is a member of this great cooperative inter- 
national organization and we are desirous that we shall 
have a full representation to reap the fullest benefit 
through our own participation in its meetings. President 
Coolidge will address the convention on Christian Lay- 
man's Day, Thursday, April 15. Conferences of vital im- 
portance to all leaders will be held on Tuesday, Wednes- 
day and Friday of the week. We urge lay members, Sun- 
day-school workers, and pastors to attend. The latest 
and best phases of the work of religiods education will be 
considered. One feature of the convention will be that of 
church architecture. Equipment will be exhibited with 
unusual detail and care. Full information can be had by 
writing to the General Sunday School Board, Elgin, 111., 
or to Dr. Hugh S. Magill, General Secretary. International 
Council of Religious Education, 1516 Mailers Building, 
Chicago, 111— Ezra Flory, Elgin, 111. 

Licensed Ministers and the Gish Books 

By J. E. Miller 
Some are wondering whether licensed ministers of the 
Church of the Brethren are entitled to the privilege af- 
forded our regular ministers through fhe Gish Fund. 
This question was considered by the Gish Fund Com- 
mittee after Conference provided for the licensing of 
ministers. Considering it from all angles it was the de- 
cision of the committee that those who are licensed to 
preach and not ordained are not entitled to receive these 
books. The reason for this conclusion may be stated thus : 
Licensing a minister is like putting him on trial. If he 
is found faithful and efficient his license can be renewed 
year by year, but undoubtedly churches that find their 
licensed ministers faithful and efficient will not continue 
to license year by year but will ordain them to the min- 
istry. It is evident that it would not be proper to furnish 
the books at reduced rates to those who are licensed only 
for a year or two and not installed in the ministry. Li- 
censed ministers will understand from this that they 
are not entitled to these books. 

If a minister has been ordained, but his name does not 
appear in the "Yearbook," it will be necessary for him 
to accompany his order for Gish books with a statement 
from his pastor or elder to the effect that he is an or- 
dained minister in the Church of the Brethren. It would 
be well to state when and where he was ordained and 
why his name does not appear in the " YearboOK." 
Elgin, 111. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 23, 1926 



Helping Mother 
During the year 1925 Cook County, Illinois, paid out 
through the mothers' pension fund approximately three- 
quarters of a million dollars. Nursing provided in public 
institutions accounts for almost an equal sum. It would 
be interesting to know just how much all branches of our 
government have spent cither directly or indirectly in 
their programs for helping mother. 

Radio Service for Farmers 
A new radio service bureau has been established by the 
department of agriculture to aid farmers with market 
reports, weather forecasts, agricultural lectures and in- 
formation on other matters that may be of general inter- 
est to the man who tills the soil. The new service is headed 
by Samuel Pickard, Manhattan, Kans., formerly extension 
editor of the Kansas State Agricultural College. More 
than 600,000 farmers now have radios and Secretary 
Jardine believes that there is not only the means but 
the need for prompt market information. The service will 
also lend itself admirably to the dissemination of other 
helpful information to farmers. 

When Cooperative Marketing Is Effective 

Cooperative marketing is far from a cure-all, and this 
both reformers and farmers are beginning to learn. Co- 
operation is now said to be going through a "settling 
down" process; that is, a saner study and appreciation 
of just what can be expected of the~ cooperative movement 
in agriculture. Thus we read: "The sum of experience in 
cooperative marketing during the past decade indicates 
that cooperation is a really effective technique only when 
it is accompanied by other favorable factors in the ag- 
ricultural situation; such as: production of a commodity 
in quantities that can be readily absorbed by demand, 
adequate credit, abje farm management that can achieve 
low-cost production, a social ethic in the rural community 
which generates loyalty to cooperation at all costs." 

One Plants But Another Reaps 

Recently twenty-three missionaries were invited to a 
dinner by Ras Tafara, the prince regent of Abyssinia. 
One of those who attended the dinner writes as follows 
concerning the work of the pioneer missionary whose 
labors made such an invitation and dinner possible: "We 
could not help noting the contrast which this happy 
occasion made to the situation which existed formerly. 
For many years the Swedish mission was the only evan- 
gelical agency working in Abyssinia, and Dr. Cedarquist 
was the only member of that mission located in Addis 
Ababa, coming here after long service in Eritrea. For 
fifteen years h'e went his quiet, lonely way here. He, like 
the Master whom he served so faithfully, was often de- 
spised and rejected of men. He died as he had worked, 
alone. Certainly we reap the fruits of his labor. In gov- 
ernment offices and in business one finds boys 
who are our friends because they received their training 
in Dr. Cedarquist's school. The teachers and interpreters 
who help in all the other missions in this country are from 
his tuition. He truly blazed the trail, disarming suspicion, 
overcoming prejudice, training a few workers, and made 
it possible for twenty-three missionaries of several so- 
cieties and as many nationalities to sit at dinner with the 

ruling prince." 

Our Changing Habits 

The time was when celery was little used except in 'con- 
nection with turkey and cranberries at Thanksgiving 
lime. But habits change and today celery is much used 
throughout the year. As a matter of fact somebody has 
to keep chewing its brittle stalks for one county in Cali- 
fornia shipped 4,000 carloads of celery last year. And the*u 
there is lettuce. Once people had to be content with 
lettuce in season from their gardens, now they can eat 
lettuce the year round — and somebody does, for in the 
winter time lettuce goes north by thousands of carloads. 
Once bananas were a curiosity; now everybody eats 
them in preference to the meat-gravy-potato diet of the 
past generation. And we are in process of making other 
changes in our eating habits. Take the pomegranate, 
for example. It is one of the oldest known fruits. In the 
Bible it is mentioned along, with tigs, grapes and olives. 
The priests had pomegranates of blue, purple and scarlet 
as a part of the decorations on their robes; pomegranates 
were carved upon the pillars of Solomon's temple. But 
western people neglected the pomegranate, ■ and it was 
not until enterprising Americans discovered that they 
could raise pomegranates and sell them at a profit to the 
Greeks and others from the Near East, who in far-away 
America longed for the pomegranates of their homelands, 
that this ancient and interesting fruit began to come into 
its own on a commercial scale. Tulare County, California, 
na s just harvested a pomegranate crop amounting to one 
hundred cars, and the chances are that in a few years 
we shall eat still less meat, gravy and potatoes and some- 
what more of other things— including pomegranates. 

Uncle Sam as a Landowner 

Your Uncle Sam is still somet||mg of a landowner even 
though one hundred years have passed since the far West 
began to be settled. The largest part of the vast acreage 
which the government still holds in the eleven western 
States is the public domain. "There are 186,000,000 acres 
of such land upon which no homesteaders have filed. Next 
is the area in the national forests, approximately 136,000,- 
000 acres, of which 65,873,000 are in timber. The govern- 
ment also acts as trustee for the Indians, for whose bene- 
fit 72,000,000 acres of land have been withdrawn from set- 
tlement. Lastly, there is the large acreage of national 
park and monument lands. These areas, of course, are 
broken up and lie in small and large pieces in the differ- 
ent States. Eighty-two per cent of Nevada consists of 
public domain and national forest lands, while 62 per 
cent of Utah is made up of these lands. Utah also has some 
Indian lands. Taking the eleven western States as a 
whole, over 53 per cent of their area is still owned by the 
United States government as public domain, national for- 
est, national park and monument lands and Indian reser- 

Why We Don't Want the Game 

The "Chicago Daily Tribune" self-styled "the world's 
greatest newspaper," has been pounding away for months 
with agitation in favor of having the army and navy foot- 
ball game for 1926 held in Chicago. We suspected that 
the "Tribune" was really trying to put over a taking bit 
of propaganda in favor of the war business— that the plan 
was to fascinate and win the public by the glitter and 
pomp of a great spectacle. And such has proved to be 
the case. Read it for yourself in this excerpt from an 
editorial in the "Tribune" for Jan. 9. entitled: "Why 
We Want This Game" : "This game is wanted out here 
for the good of the service. It is asked for not as a circus 
and not even as a football game. Plenty of good football 
will be played in Chicago next season. It is wanted as a 
great occasion to give the whole midwest a renewed in- 
terest in the army and navy, of neither of which does the 
midwest see much. It is asked for in affection and for a 
national purpose. * We want the inland people to have 
regard for the army and navy, and we are confident that 
nothing can stimulate them more than a sight of the 
cadets of the two schools. There are people who still 
remember the West Point cadets at the Columbian ex- 
position: This dedication will be made an occasion of 
dignity and of importance to a who(e region." And now 
you have the reason: "It is wanted ... to give the 
whole midwest a" renewed interest in the army and navy." 
And, of course, that is just why we don't want the game; 
we will never get away from the killing business until we 
quit playing up the pageantry of war. 


An Export Bounty for Farmers? 
The head of a wholesale druggist firm in St. Paul, Minn., 
C. Reinold Noyes, believes that the cause of the agricul- 
tural depression in the Northwest is the result of dispro- 
portionately low prices for the four great food products 
—wheat, corn, cattle and hogs. That is, the tariff makes 
for relatively high prices on industrial commodities and 
services, but leaves the producer of the four great staples 
named without protection; and, hence, with correspond- 
ingly lower prices for his products. The essence of the 
Noyes p.lan is an arrangement to even up the prices of 
wheat, corn, hogs and cattle. An export bounty is the es- 
sential factor in the proposed scheme. The tariff on wheat 
and flour, for example, Mr. Noyes would leave as it is, 
but as an offset he would add a bounty of 40 cents per 
bushel on domestic wheat, or $1.00 per cwt. on flour made 
from domestic wheat, to be paid by the exporter. There 
should also be an excise tax on production of 10 cents 
per bushel. Thus if exports went as high as 25 per cent 
of the domestic production the ten cent excise tax would 
balance the 40 cent bounty on exports. "The effect of 
such a combination of measures, Mr. Noyes contends, 
would be that private exporters, knowing they could col- 
lect 40 cents a bushel from the federal government when 
they exported, would quickly bid the price of wheat in 
terminal markets to 40 cents over the world price. Mill- 
ers and other traders in wheat for domestic use would 
recognize that, if more wheat were bid in by exporters 
than the actual excess available, there would be a shortage, 
imports would be necessary and the price would then ad- 
vance to the world price, plus the tariff of 42 cents. They 
would, therefore, try to bid in their needs at just above 
40 cents and below 42 cents. All fluctuations in the world 
market would be immediately effective in our terminal 
markets just as now. The fluctuations would be those of 
the world market, plus 39 to 43 cents differential. The ex- 
porter would buy at a price higher than the world mar- 
ket by the amount of the bounty he would receive on ex- 
porting, but he would sell, exactly as now, at the world 
market, he holds. The domestic consumer would buy at 
a price just under or just over the world price, plus the 
tariff, which is exactly what he is doing on most other 
protected commodities. The farmer would receive the 
new protected price for his whole product, but he would 
pay back to the government all the gain on that portion 
which went for export. The amount of the excise tax 
would balance the export duty." 


Joshua 1: 1-9 

For Week Beginning January 31 


(Joshua 1: 16-18) 
It is sometimes said that it is hard to succeed a great 
leader. Not so, a truly great one. They open 'doors and 
create opportunities. So did Moses, Christ, St. Francis, 
Si. Ignatius. They all built so that their successors 
should do greater works than theirs. Am I such a pas- 
tor, teacher, parent that those who follow me shall find 
the cause ready for greater conquests? This is one of 
our first responsibilities (John 14:12; 1 Chron. 22). 


Note how full and explicit are the instructions which 
God gives Joshua. Our part is obedience. Obd givea the 
result. There is a real, though perhaps unconscious, 
egotism in the expression: " I raised this corn, these hogs; 
I earned this and that." But you didn't. You merely 
obeyed certain laws, and a merciful God gave you what 
you have. Let there he a stronger emphasis on obedi- 
ence. Let the iron of God's law enter into our blood. 
Jerichos fall only before the obedient. The disobedient do 
iint break God's law; they break themselves upon it 
(John 14:15; Matt. 7:21-29; 1 Cor. 3:6-7; Joshua 6:16). 

MI. THE SIN OF ACHAN (Joshua 7). 

Israel was defeated before Ai because a golden wedge, 
some silver and a Babylonish garment were sinfully hid- 
den under I he tent of Achan. " Thou canst not stand 
before thine enemies until thou take away the accursed 
thing from among you." This was God's word to Israel 
before Ai, but it applies to all men of all time. The church 
of God knows no sorer trial than the deliberate sin of 
those who bear the name of Christ (Isa. 59:1-2). 
IV. JOSHUA'S FAREWELL (Joshua 23 and 24). 

1. God's care in the past (Chap. 23:14). Though God's 
care is over us always, we should cherish with especial 
fondness those times when it was most discernible to our 
finite vision. 

2. Some few things must be fixed. We need anchor- 
age, decision (Chap, 24:15). Upon this Joshua insists, 
"Choose you this day whom yc will serve." Indecision is 
the paralysis of progress. 

3. False security. (Chap. 23:16). The boast of peace 
and safety is the prelude of sudden destruction. Our only 
security is in righteousness. 

For Meditation and Discussion 
What are some of the qualities of leadership necessary 
to leave a cause as Moses left Israel— united and loyal? 
What may we do to establish regard for law? Be 

Was it not unjust that the sin of one should bring de- 
feat upon all? Is this principle true in the work of the 
church? R- H. M. 

Commercial Development of Africa 
Trade of the United States with Africa has increased 
240 per cent since the opening of the World War. Our 
exports to Africa arc mainly manufactured articles in 
spite uf the fact that Africa is politically controlled by 
such typically manufacturing countries as Great' Britain, 
France and Belgium. It may be news to some to know 
that Africa has 23,000 miles of railroads, mostly owned 
or controlled by the states or colonics through which 
they pass. Through passenger traffic from the Atlantic 
to thC eastern coast is now possible by a combined water 
and railway route by way of the Congo River, Lake Tan- 
ganyika and the Dar es Salaam railroad. North and 
south the Cape-to-Cairo Rail and Water Line now lacks 
but 300 miles of railway to complete the proposed stretch 
of approximately 5.000 miles. How essential, even in the 
earlier stages of continental development, such travel 
routes are is made apparent in the following statement: 
" Much of this increase in the commercial activity of Africa 
is the result, of a better acquaintance of man with the 
interior of the continent and its producing and consum- 
ing possibilities. The twenty-three thousand miles of 
railway, which have been extended into the continent 
from various points on the ocean frontage have not only 
giveu a better view of the producing and consuming 
powers but are beginning to permit the transportation 
of merchandise from the interior to the water's edge 
and also the movement of manufactures and other arti- 
cles of this character to the sections in which they are in 
demand. A large part of the early service of these 
transportation routes was the facility which they offered 
for travel and observation by persons interested in the 
development of the continent through the investment of 
capital and otherwise." 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 23, 1 926 

Christ and World Brotherhood 

(Continued from Page 51) 

America holds the key which will unlock the door 
of Russia to permanent peace and orderliness. The 
forces of Christian education, with the highly sensi- 
tized conscience, the conformity to the laws of the 
moral order, and the unifying forces of love and serv- 
ice which they advocate, can offer to Russia liberty 
without chaotic and fettered license, and equality with- 
out the heartless, impersonalistic steam roller type of 
authority which inheres in communism. Thus, the 
Christian world-citizen serves both his own nation 
and its neighboring nations by his constructive thought 
on international questions. 

Space forbids mentioning the crises in Germany, 
France, the Near East, South America, India, Africa, 
and many other lands, as offering unlimited opportuni- 
ties for critical analysis, diagnosis, and study of the 
varied conditions involved, for discovering similari- 
ties and contrasts, for laying bare the different causes 
of unrest, stagnation, or frantic adventure in novel 
methods and policies. There is nothing so dramatic 
and of such enthralling interest; there is no study in 
science or philosophy so thought-provoking, so chal- 
lenging to the deepest thought of which man is capable 
—as the study of moral influences as they play and 
interplay in varied groups of men and women. There 
is no commercial enterprise which offers such large 
profit or which promises such extensive enlargement ; 
there is no problem anywhere in human experience 
so baffling, and yet so capable of certain solution— as 
the task of controlling the social currents, cross cur- 
rents, and counter-currents which are constantly surg- 
ing back and forth among neighboring races and na- 

McPherson, Kans. 

fore the choice is made. However, it is possible to found nor is it the highest good; but what is desired 
make either too little, or too much of differences, is a situation where self-sacrifice is exchjmgri tor the 

ain, an ( 

objectionable trait may be more than offset pleasure of sex expression; one where dependable 

bv°the possession of a desirable or commendable one; children are reared and so sociahzed as to perpetuate 

and even differences may definitely enrich the life these ideals in future homes. Happiness, as , „■ 
in the marital relation through the encouragement it 

gives to the cultivation of forbearance and tact in 
overcoming it. The most assuring thing is the mani- 
festation of a desire to compromise. To be fair we 
must grant the other party the same right to differ 
from us that we hold for ourselves. There are times 
when each will find need for special consideration of 
the other. Such times usually have a physical basis, 
as when one has become overtired, has overeaten, 
suffered loss or disappointment in social affairs, or 
experienced some deviation of health. There is one 
kind of failure that the judgment of the best people 
forbids us to overlook; that is any tendency to un- 
faithfulness—failure to make the mate the most de- 
sired one. Such a tendency is too avoidable and too 

It of sacrifice and service, adjustment and compro- 
mise, must be held as a worthy ideal. 

Married State 

Even following a reasonably careful courtship, there 
will be many opportunities for adjustments, forgive- 
ness and fresh starts. But those who want to coop- 
erate will find the way easy compared with those who 
are selfish in their desire. So that, first of all, coopera- 
tion lies deep in each heart. Neither one can afford 
to take a course against the other's interest. In addition 
to differences in taste, ideals, family traditions and so 
forth, the important possibility of differences in sex 
ideals may be present; and if so, must be reckoned 
with. A deliberate purpose to succeed must be evi- 
dent. Male and female ideals must come to a point 

rorthy to be overlooked, and no one escapes general f harmony, not one of adjusting to the other, but 

condemnation who is guilty of such failure. 

Basis for Character Analysis 

In the first place, notice yourself. Have I a definite 
goal or purpose in life ? Do trifles interfere? Does my 
conduct react helpfully on others? Do my friends uri 

each must respect the other so deeply that through 
tolerance each life will become richer and better 
through sacrifice. 

Education must be regarded as fundamentally nec- 
essary. Not exactly academic training, but the kind 

derstand me or find me difficult? How do I react that makes culture easy. Young people who honestly 

to disappointment, to surprise, to success, to defeat, look for help from older ones are so often disap- 

to advice, to temptation? pointed by either prudery or prurience that a more 

Test your own action and reaction. Ask your- open-hearted and helpful attitude is both desired and 

self: What is my behavior at home? Does it more justifiable in presenting the fundamental principles 

really represent what I am than that among strangers? of successful marriage. It is little less than cruelty 

How do I treat father and mother? Do home folks to withhold it. And no department of life needs it 

Home Relations 

(Continued from Page 55) 

except for a very few justifiable reasons. Such a 
course degrades marriage and those contracting it. 
We are trying to talk about an ideal home. 

(2) Nothing new appears in the child. It is only 
a product of earlier parenthood. The physical, mental 
and spiritual qualities of father and mother are all 
that enter into the child's being. Bad or undesirable 
characteristics are inheritable just as well as desirable 
ones. The effort and laws by which good heritage 
results constitute eugenics. The further fact should be 
remembered, that a good heritage may be early smoth- 
ered or concealed by bad euthenics, or environment 
which includes teaching and example. Acquired char- 
acteristics are possible, but that is aside from the 
point now. It is not known with the same definite- 
ness, as in animal and vegetable culture, just which 
characteristics will be inherited in a given case, but 
enough is known to assure and warn one in choosing. 
So the conditions of health, the mental and spiritual 
bent, those characteristics which are most dominant 
in heredity, should be considered. An earnest word 
must be said in favor of prospective parents studying 
eugenics and euthenics (as conditions playing in the 
lives of children) with at least as much eagerness as 
is applied to the raising of calves and pigs. On the 
back of each marriage license should be printed plain 
and simple instructions to this end, which should, in 
some way, appear in the certificate of births which 
follow. The state is interested because good parentage 
is an asset, and bad parentage is a liability to the 

State - Adjustability 

When a choice is made without considering the 
usual need of adjustments, a disappointing awakening 
will be the result. The question to be dis- 
cussed is a twofold one : " Can I adjust my- 
self to the choice I am making, and will I 
be willing to do so ? " No doubt some people 
can adjust themselves to undesirable 'traits of char- 
acter or conditions easier than others, but for one 
to do all, or the major part of compromising is not 
grounds for successful marriage. One who is stiff 
and uncompromising in the home life shows lack of 
culture and fairness. Conditions with which one can- 
not or will not compromise must be discovered be- 

seek my company ? How do children react to me ? 

How do I gain friends? Do I hold them? How do 
I behave toward unfortunates, to inferiors or superi- 
ors, to animals, to sickness? 

How do I spend my leisure? What constitutes 
happiness for me, and where do I find pleasure or 
entertainment? Am I emotional or indifferent? Is 
religion fundamental, occasional or circumstantial? 

Such introspection need not make oiie either morose 
or elated. Always remember that improvement can 
only follow recognition of failure or weakness, and 
that overconsciousness of good or bad qualities, spoils 

After applying such an investigation to yourself, 
apply it with the same earnestness and charity to 
your friend, and try with the same desire to arrive 
at an unbiased conclusion. Remember that courtship 

more nor repays so well. While sex differences exist 
and are basal in- character, spiritual qualities must 
be evaluated and so may cover their blatancy. A little 
knowledge of the differences sympathetically given, 
previous to marriage, would save some heartaches 
afterwards. Sometimes ignorance and misinformation 
of the physical relations are simply astounding, and 
often result in much harm. On the whole, greater ig- 
norance is on the part of the male, but each should 
share in a knowledge of the mate's physical structure 
and psychic and emotional nature. It is well known 
that the mother contributes more to the offspring than 
does the father, perhaps three-fourths to one-fourth. 
Her sacrifice is definitely greater on many points, and 
this fact should be reckoned with by the father's full 
sympathy in the care and support of both. 

" Love has to go to school," Dr. Cabot says, " like 

is the time, and also affords the opportunity, to decide any other human faculty ; and marriage is the only 

character; and the better we discern, the more likely 
is marriage to be successful. 

Single Sex Relations 

Not only has the experience of the past generations 
proven that monogamic marriage offers the best so- 

school where the sessions are long enough and continu- 
ous enough to break through the barriers just beyond 
which are the prizes which the truly human seek." 
Questions of finance and occupation, aside from 
household duties, may need consideration. In case the 

lution for the expression of the powerful impulses of girl, to whom marriage has been delayed, has quali- 
sex, but the further expression of the same prin- fied .herself, perhaps at sacrifice, for some desirable 
ciple, in that sex relations outside of such marriage occupation, can she at once give it up for a life for 

the one unpardonable offence. Whatever else of 
failure or lack there is in education or culture may 
be excused; but in the matter of sex relation there 
is no word of excuse here. Compromises that other- 
wise might be made, fall in its presence, for it de- 
stroys the grounds for confidence. It is an offence 
to sex consciousness and the function of reproduction. 

The time is past, if ever it was held by those 
who represent the best thought, when a difference in 
this regard is tolerated. It is basic in human history. 
Argument is not needed here. The demand is seen in 
the many perplexing, painful as well as pleasing ex- 
periences which come to parents in married life and 
in the rearing of children. Family life and family ties 
exert the most powerful humanizing and Christianiz- 
ing influence one meets anywhere in life. One of the 

which she has received no education and developed 
only emotional desires? Should she be asked to dn 
it? If not, does it logically follow that she should not 
marry? Such questions should receive early decision 
and not be allowed to drag. The question of rights 
in the home, of the dominant factor between husband 
and wife, arise, and sometimes should be raised where 
it is not. So long as we regard man as the superior 
being because of his strength, the question will not 
have a fair solution, for it has all the argument. Ex- 
perience teaches of a better home than an autocratic 
institution ; and also that the wife has personality and 
other rights besides maintaining the religion of the 
home. A solution of some of the more difficult prob- 
lems is usually supplied when mates are true as such. 
This is fundamental. Love may live in a smothered 

deepest emotions of a parent is to do well for the sake sense under many trying circumstances, but not where 

of those he loves. The dominant sex impulse, mat- 
ing, and caring for the offspring, belongs to both 
animals and to the human race ; it is basic in crea- 
tion, and. when properly carried out, is pleasing to 
the Creator. Its importance to the state and to society 
makes successful marriage desirable. Not that the 
end .sought is easy happiness, for this is neither often 

en casual preference of another is shown. No place 
in human experience is sacrifice in service so well re- 
paid and so urgently needed as in the Christian home. 
Both husband and wife should strive, as an ideal, to 
be " the best in the world," but always conscious of 
failure to reach it. 
Winona Lake, hid. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 23, 1926 


The Choice of Frances 


" I wonder," said Frances Merrihew to herself, as 
^he looked longingly into the milliner's window for the* 
thirteenth time that week, " if that wicked Gehazi, 
who coveted Naamarl's silver and fine raiment, wanted 
fine clothes and silver any more than I want that hat? 
I hope I shall not become a leper, as did Gehazi! Oh, 
I forgot, he lied to get the treasure, and I shall certain- 
ly not lie to get that hat! Well, I have saved every 
cent of my allowance for weeks and weeks — -next Sat- 
urday night I can purchase that hat 1 " 

As Frances walked briskly along on her way to high 
school she almost ran over a small girl, very shabbily 
dressed. " Good morning, Nora," said Frances, kind- 
ly ; " how is your mother ? " 

" Worse," was the reply ; " she needs more medicine 
but the druggist will not trust us for it. Father broke 
his leg and he has not been able to work for a month, 
so we have no money." 

" Isn't that too bad? " said the sympathetic Frances. 
" I will tell mother when I go home to lunch and she 
will go over and see if she can do anything for your 

Half way to high school an unwelcome thought came 
to Frances ; why, that five dollars she was saving 
would be enough to purchase some medicine and com- 
forts for poor Mrs. O'Flannigan, Nora's mother! She 
tried to still the thought by saying: "Nonsense, let 
Mrs. DeVries, the millionaire's wife, or Mrs. Connor, 
who lives in the great house on the hill, help her! Of 
course these folks with lots of money should help the 
poor! " But it was of no avail, for it seemed almost 
as if somebody said : " Get busy, Frances, and help her 
yourself! " 

Suddenly Frances stopped and said: "Frances Mer- 
rihew, you should be ashamed of yourself! You need 
a new hat about as badly as an elephant needs two 
trunks ! Mrs. O'Flannigan needs medicine, and med- 
icine she is going to have ! " 

At lunch that noon Frances unfolded the tale of dis- 
tress and need. " Mother," said she, "you are to use 
every penny of the money that I have been saving for 
a new hat, to help Mrs. O'Flannigan." 

Mrs. O'Flannigan was not long for this world. Here 
was her parting message to Frances: "Mrs. Merri- 
hew, do be givin' Frances my love, and tell her that 
when I get to heaven I'll be sayin* to the angels: ' Do 
be savin' your prettiest crown for that dear girl, and 
make it all up to her.' " 
Pasadena, Calif. 

would be called upon. In brief she said: "So I will know 
better how to live and help myself, and be able to help 
others." Did you ever hear a finer statement of the pur- 
pose of an education? I did not. And this is by a 15- 
year-old of this backward section. Of course, she rep- 
resents the minority class. Still there are a good many 
who have in them the stuff out of which real men and 
women are made. 

The talent of some of these children is hard to under- 
stand in the light of their heredity and environment. 
Apart from grace, heredity, environment and will make 
us what we are. The background of some of these chil- . 
dren could hardly be worse. Some arc the children of 
murderers, and for generations. Some of these parents 
have paid the debt of their crime with their own blood, 
while others are serving life sentences in the peniten- 
tiary, and still others are in prison for shorter terms and 
lighter offenses. Thus, some are the children of criminals 
guilty of crimes of various degrees. Some are the chil- 
dren of fathers and mothers not living together, who in 
some cases have taken up with other men and women. 
Some, not a few, are born out of wedlock — some of the 
children not knowing their fathers, and in some cases 
the mothers probably not knowing. Besides all this, there 
has been much intermarriage in the same strain of blood. 
It is common for cousins to marry first cousins, double 
first cousins, and cousins in all degrees of relation doubled 
and twisted together. It is thought that brothers and 
sisters are too close akin to marry each other. The line 
is drawn at brothers and sisters, but no line is drawn 
until this line is reached. Some of the children of such 
alliances are imbeciles, idiots, epileptics and such like. 
It is pathetic. 

It is easy to see why these children rebel against gov- 
ernment. They are real rebels against law and authority. 
It is born in them. Their fathers before them were 
rebels against law and authority. And the influences of 
their homes foster this spirit. Naturally, therefore, disci- 
pline over the children is a tremendous problem. 

You see the situation. The need is great. These people 
need help. They must have it. I have been on the great 
heathen fields of the world, and I must say that the need 
in some cases here is as great as I have seen in any part 
of the world. These people are here. They can not 
be left to themselves. They pan not be starved to death. 
The only thing to do is to develop some of the most 
promising children to be leaders among their own people. 
These backward folk will follow their own; they do not 
follow those coming in, in the same degree of confidence, 
It is a big task, and let us rally to its support. 

Geer, Va. H. C. Early. 



They are hardy youngsters, born and reared in the 
midst of poverty — indescribable poverty in many cases. 
The most thrifty of the fathers and mothers have a 
struggle to provide bread and clothing and shelter for 
their families, while the children of the improvident par- 
ents suffer for bread and from cold for want of clothing 
and live in mere shacks. Still they pull through and grow 
to have great endurance. 

Typhoid fever broke out in the family of a compara- 
tively young father and mother, with ten children, not 
far from us, and five of them, including the mother, went 
down at once, all in one room. They have all pulled 
through except one boy of eighteen, whose case is critical. 
The marvel of it is that they did not all die. The poor 
mountaineer lives in conditions that invite disease, and 
then when it comes he generally fights it through and 

And these poor families multiply at an enormous rate. 
It is no uncommon thing to meet mothers with from ten 
to fifteen children, in some cases as many as twenty. I 
have met such cases since I am here. They know nothing 
of birth control, which is the bane of educated society. 
y give passion loose reins and take the consequences. 


They represent an extreme condition and need help. Their 
marriage relations and home life and social conditions 
ar e in great need of improvement. 

Some of the children are talented, some are not; some 
learn well, some are stupid and dense. One of our 15- 
year-old girls was called upon to state before the school 
why she wanted an education. She knew not that she 

Muncie, Ind., Saturday, Dec. 12 

Coming here on Tuesday, while in Muncie the Raricks 
and Austins and I had the joy of sitting by the fire and 
talking of the Kingdom of God. How our hearts did burn 
within us as we chatted; growth, missions, consecration, 
sacrifice,' there is no end to profitable conversation on 
such subjects. 

I am now in the home of Bro. Carl Rarick, Mississinewa 
congregation. Here is the home of the Studebakers, and 
many are the stories of men who have come to Muncie, 
or who have grown up here and have gone out to other 
fields where they are making good. 

Bro. Rarick is elder of the congregation, and teacher 
of Bible in four near-by high schools. He has a full pro- 
gram, and it is interesting to see him at it. I have talked 
in the Royerton High and expect to visit others next 
week. This was the first consolidated school in the United 
States, and they are proud of it. First in the United 
States often means first in the world. It was about 1903 
when the consolidation was accomplished. The privilege of 
being first in any good thing is a joyous privilege; the 
proof of a really good thing is in the fact that many adopt 
the rtiea (Diary Leaves, for example); the consolidated 
school system seems destined to become universal. Bro, 
Rarick has prepared a series of two text books to guide 
the high school student in his study of the Bible, which 
have been adopted in many of the schools of the State. 
While Illinois law forbids the Bible in the public school, 
and Ohio is debating the question, Indiana seems to have 
made a delightful solution; here the Bible has a place in 
the curriculum. The credits in the class room are given 
the same as for any other work done, and Bro. Rarick's 
pupils sometimes come and tell him, later on in life, that 
their most profitable work in school was under him in 
the Bible class. The Rarick family is the real thing; it is 
to me a very pleasant experience to mingle with the 
large families of God's people, where everything seems 
clearly being arranged with reference to the Kingdom of 
God. This is so different from its opposite, where the 
boy and girl grow up, and without choosing a college, 
follow the crowd and go to a State institution, and re- 
turn, the son disrespectful to the Church of his parents, 
the daughter a regular butterfly. Of both of them it 
may truly be said that "Solomon in all his glory was not 
arrayed like one of these." Then the father takes a back 
seat, the son sits at the wheel, and smoke fills the carl 
Not so is it in the House of Rarick. 

Eaton, Ind., Friday, Dec. IS 

In the home of Bro. Sam McKJnley. They all call him 
Sam. When I asked the reason he admitted himself to 
be a cousin of i President McKinley. He and Sister Mc- 
Kinley dwell near the church, and their home is a rendez- 
vous for Church folks. To see the children go all over 
the house at will, and to see the way the McKinleys give 
them that privilege, produces a feeling akin to the re- 
ligious feeling. Last Sunday the folks all brought their 
lunches with them, and placed them in the McKinley 
home. After morning worship, all repaired to the McKin- 
ley home to break bread together. These good folks 
live alone now; the children went from the home nest as 
they grew up. On the other side of the church dwell the 
Brinsons, whose home has long been headquarters for 
the Brethren; God bless them all. 

The plan of Mississinewa is worthy of note. It is in the 
center of a prosperous rural community, at the edge of 
a bit of a grove. Its local name is Union Grove. A 
large colored map has been prepared, and hung up in 
the church, showing the location of every member's 
home in the neighborhood. In each square mile, one mem- 
ber has been chosen as a sort of spokesman for the rest 
of the block, lo give general information, to invite to 
service, etc. He is called a blockman, and they have thir- 
teen of these blockmen. I think I would call them block- 
wallas, the name " wallo" signifying everything that is 
needful. With these good blockwallas, as they have 
time, I am visiting the homes. Some time ago a good 
Baptist family lost their only daughter; they have offered 
her piano as a memorial, if the Church wishes it. There 
was a unanimous vote to accept with thanks. Bro. Roth, 
of the Mennonite Church, is teacher of the Young Mar- 
ried Folks' Bible class. He is heartily welcome as a mem- 
ber of the congregation, though not choosing to become 
a member of the Church. The idea of inviting folks to 
come and worship with us, whose own affiliation is per- 
haps yet preferable to them, thus becoming members 
of the congregation though not becoming members of 
the Church, is finding special favor in Mississinewa. The 
results will be awaited with interest, though it would 
seom that this is the only thing to do, if we would develop 
a community Church, and at the same time practice 
the Golden Rule of our Master. Seven will be baptized 
on Christmas day. 

Garrett, Ind., Chriatmas Day, 1925 

Yesterday came Miriam from Bethany, Mother. James, 
Helen and Daniel from Mt. Morris, and I from Muncie, 
to the home of Emmert and Mabel and the baby here 
in the parsonage of the Cedar Creek rural church. After 
(he Christmas exercises in the church last night, we 
assembled in the home around the big hard-coal burner 
and chatted long together, then we all kneeled down 
and committed ourselves to God before retiring for the 
night. We talked of the mission work in the home fields, 
and in the foreign; especially India. Ours all think of 
India as the goal of their highest ambition. This morn- 
ing after our usual morning prayers, we broke for the 
Christmas tree, which had been set up in one corner of 
the room, and rejoiced together as we delivered to each 
other what had been placed there. An interesting episode 
indeed, was associated with the whole proceedings, since 
last evening on returning from the Christmas program, 
we found bags of potatoes, sacks of flour, cans of lard, 
yards of sausage, hams, ribs, backbones, navy beans, 
sugar, cabbage, dried corn, pop corn, corn for the chickens, 
crackers and cookies, etc., which had been quietly placed 
in the dining room while we were all in the church. 
What a pleasant surprise this was; and what a thoughtful 
and practical way for a rural congregation to show its 
appreciation of its pastor and family. Any congregation 
will find its pastor warm toward them if they show them- 
selves in this fashion warm to him. Herein is experienced 
the blessed fellowship of giving and receiving, something 
like Paul speaks of in Col. 4:15 and 2 Cor. 8:4. The fel- 
lowship of giving and receiving is just as real as the 
fellowship of his sufferings, Philpp. J: 10. 

New Salem church, Dec. 29 

Sister Emeral B. Jones months ago wrote asking for 
a week about the time of the holidays. I replied that our 
whole family might give them a whole day, if desired. 
This is the Day. In the morning, after a drive of 50 miles 
in zero weather, we arrived. We were amused when it 
was told us that in this vicinity people freeze up quickly 
in cold weather. The first service was " Missionary Remi- 
niscences," then dinner in the church, then a service of 
song by the whole bunch of us (eight), and in the 
evening a bit of skyrocketing in the form of a Father and 
Son Debate. Sister Jones was not well enough to attend; 
may the Lord give her needed strength and grace. 

Rock Run church, Dec. 30 

This whole holiday season seems to be made of zero 
weather, but the papers say it will be warmer tomor- 
row, which sounds good to the most of us. Our morning 
services clustered about the "Soul of India," in which I 
felt an unusual freedom; afternoon song service some 
shorter than yesterday; evening the same debate, only 
in reversed order. Question tonight: Resolved, that the 
(Continued on Page 63) __, 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 23, 1926 

Notes From Our Correspondents 

North Webster congregati 

,, were with us Jan. 10. He 
Mrs. Warren Bowman, Syra- 

(Continued from Page 53) 

of the Tippecanoe church held theii 
..„ for the coming year, which resulted in Bro. A 
M Likens being chosen Sunday-school superintendent. Dec. 31 w< 
held a watch meeting at the church, which nrovca of interest to al 
present. We expect to hold a revival sometime before spring, 
elder, Bro. Kurtz, and wife, of Goshi 
delivered a much appreciated sermon. 
cuse. Ind., Jan. 11. 

North Winona.-Our church met in council early in December, 
when the yearly election was held. Bro. Enteral Jones, our elder 
for last year, presided. Bro. Geo. Snell, who lives in our own con- 
gregation, was selected as elder (or the coming year and Bro. 
Harry Lozier, Sunday-school superintendent. Christmas was ob- 
served by holding a White Gift service. The young people entered 
freely into the service and their gifts were sen! to the Children s 
Home at Mexico. Ind. A Christmas cantata was rendered by the 
older members of the church on Dec. 20, telling in song the wonder- 
ful coming of the Son of God. We have about 150 enrolled in 
our Sundav school and have nine interesting classes from Cradle 
Roll to seniors. Our secretary records, with other essential features 
of the work, the number of chapters read during the week by each 
class and we nearly always have over 100 and sometimes more 
than 200 chapters. We have just begun holding weekly teachers 
meetings which we predict will be a very great help to those 
who have the responsibility of teaching.— Catharine Beery Van Dyke, 
Winona, Ind.. Jan. 8. 

Oak Grovo congregation met in council Dec. 19, with Eld. 
Whitmcr presiding. Bro. Claude Ullery 
1926; Sunday-school superintendent, Bro. 
sengcr " agent; Bro. Richard Whitmcr; the 
were chosen on the missionary committee. 
Miller -began his illustrated lee 
tinued throughout the week, 
for us and in the evening gavi 
by the Arabs. His 360 views a 
filled houses. Bro. I. " 

Sa'st Relief. The church met in council Dec. 

tine presiding. He was reelected elder for 
two years Bro E F Einmert was reelected Sunday-school super- 
intendent; Sister Mabel Walker, president, of Christian Workers We 
also had an interesting Christmas program on the evening of Dec. 
20 A number of our young people gave a pageant at the Des 
Moines church Sunday evening, Dec. 27, and at the Dallas Center 
church Dec. 31. Three of our young men left to attend Bethany 
Bible School dining the winter term. We are expecting Bro. W. 
W. Peters, of Mt. Morris, to be with us on Jail. 3.— Ida M. Messamer, 
Adel, Iowa. Jan. 2. 

Sheldon.-Our love feast was held Nov. 25. Bro. M. W. Emmert, 
of Mt. Morris. 111., was with us and the next day, Thanksgiving, he 
gave us a very helpful sermon. A basket dinner was served in 
the basement of the church and was a very enjoyable tea 
the day. An offering was taken for the General M 

elected elder for 

las. Stroup; " Mes- 

-iter, clerk. Members 

Dec. 28 Bro. W. R. 

... the Holy Land and con- 

Dn Sunday morning he preached 

an account of his being captured 

d sermons were presented to well 

, of North Manchester, Ind., will 

' and 10.-Harry Miller, North Liberty, Ind., 

preach for us Jai 
Jan. 6. 

Pleasant Dale.— Dec. 9 Bro. Virgil Finncll gave a lecture on War 
on War," using the stereopticon views which were greatly enjoyed 
by a goodly number and impressed upon us more vividly the 
awfulness of war. Dec. 20 the children and young people gave a 
Christmas program which was largely attended. An offering of 
$15.80 was taken for the orphan children at Mexico, Ind. Jan. 3 
Bro. Kintuer. of North Manchester, had charge of the installation 
services for the teachers and officers.— Mrs. Fred J. Adler, Monroe, 
Ind., Jan. 4. 

Plymouth church met in council Dec. 17; with Eld. J. F. Apple- 
man in charge. The church. Sunday-school and Aid Society treas- 
urers gave their reports. Bro. Applcnian also gave a report of 
work for the year. Eleven letters have been received and two 
granted since the last report. The following officers were chosen 
for the coming year: for 1 the church, clerk, Sister Fern Price; 
trustee, Bro. Elmer Snyder; " Messenger " correspondent, Sister 
Eva Webster; Sunday-school superintendent. Bro. Ray Price. Mem- 
bers were also chosen on the missionary committee. Because of 
the ill health of Bro. Applcman, our pulpit was filled on Dec. 6, by 
Bro. David Metzler, of Nappance; Dec. 13, by Bro. E. O. Swihart. 
of Elkhart, and Dec. 20. by Bro. John Markley, of Blissville. Our 
Sunday-school had a White Gift Christmas service. Gifts were 
sent to our hospital here in Plymouth, to the Brightside Orphans' 
Home near here, to the Mexico Orphans and Old Folks' Home, 
Ind., and to the Hastings Street Mission, Chicago.— Emma E. 
Foust. Plymouth, Ind., Jan. 5. 

Somerset church met in council, with Eld. Elza Weimer presiding. 
Several officers were chosen. After disposing of other business 
our elder gave 'us a very encouraging talk which was very much 
appreciated by all.— Ora Knotts. Wabash, Ind., Jan. 7. 

Tippecanoe church held a two weeks' meeting beginning Dec. 7, with. 
Bro. I. S. Burns, of Etna Green, Ind., evangelist- The interest was 
good considering that three other revivals were in progress 



-suited i 


being baptized and one reclaimed. Dee. 12 we held 
icil. Officers were elected for the year as follows: Bro. 
P. Kurtz, elder; Sister Ella Kreger, Sunday-school super- 
t. The work looks encouraging at this place.— Mrs. Warren 
Bowman, Syracuse, Ind., Jan. 11. 

Wabash Country church met in council Dec. 5, with Eld. John 
Frantz in charge. Sunday-school officers were elected, with Bro. 
O. O. Brubaker and Wolford Cumrine, superintendents. Bro. O. 
J. Brubaker is church clerk and the writer " Messenger ". cor- 
respondent. Dec. IS Bro. V. C. Finnell gave a stereopticon lecture 
on peace. Jan. 1 will be Promotion Day in the Sunday-school. We 
are having our primary department newly equipped. Our attend- 
ance has been almost up to th($ enrollment for the past quarter 
and much interest is shown. Our elder and wife left Dec. 21 for 
a six weeks' visit with their daughter in Florida. We are anxious 
for the return of Eld. Ellis Brubaker, who is spending the winter 
in Florida. Our church starts the new year free of debt for which 
we are thankful.— Mrs. Etta Circle, Wabash, Ind., Dec. 26. 

West Goshen.— At the reques 
board called a special member: 
selecting two brethren for the 
office. The vote was taken 
Warstler and Chester Edward; 

of the ministerial hoard, the official 
■ meeting Jan. 1 for the purpose of 
ministry and two for the deacon's 
which resulted in Brethren Ezra 
elected. They accepted the 

call and were installed immediately. The names of the brethr 
the ministry were withheld because of the indefinite vote. We were 
requested to consider and pray over the problem so that in the 
near future we might come to a definite decision . — Blanche Michael, 
Goshen, Ind., Jan. 4. 

Yellow Creek.— Our revival meeting began Dec. 8 and continued 
until the 23rd. Bro. I. R. Beery, of North Manchester, brought us 
good Spirit-filled sermons from the Word each evening. Six of 
our young people decided to accept Christ.— Amanda Miller, Goshen, 
Ind., Jan. 6. 

Yellow River church held its Vegular council Dec. 12, with Eld. 
Chas. Cripc presiding. One letter of membership was granted and 
six received. Officers were elected for the coming year as fol- 
lows: clerk, Sister Lillie Markley; " Messenger " agent, Bro. Rus- 
scl Hanawalt; Sunday -school superintendent, Bro. Owen Price. 
Brethren Chas. Sellers. John Mann and Daniel Brown were elected 
trustees for five years, Bro. Cripe was reelected elder. Our Sun- 
day-school gave an interesting Christmas program on the even- 
ing of Dec. 20. An offering of $13 was raised for missionary pur- 
poses.— Mrs. F. J. Wiedeman, Bourbon, Ind., Dec. 26. 


Brooklyn church m 

n counci 


. 19, 

with o 

ur pas to 


ing. Sunday-school 


:crs for 





It was 

decided to extend the 

tor's tim 



1. Th 


rmc also 

was changed at the 


vious co 


to begin S 

e^t. 1 tc 


with the suggestion 


the Gcr 





We had 

an all-day meeting 





in the 

morning, basket dinr 

it noon 



in the a 


An offering of $30 \ 


taken fo 


. We 

also had 

a short 

program on Christnu 

ve. Our 


es' Aid clea 

ed over 

$32 with 

a bazaar and bake 


• We re 



e slides 

on Chi 

a to be 

suggestions o 
inspiring sern 

gave the fir 
exercises and 

taken for 

is subjects discussed. He also gave us a very 

Sunday morning 'following. Our Sunday'school 

'hristmas program Dec. 24. The children 

part of the program which consisted of songs, 

Stations, followed by a pageant by the older folks. 

les of the first Christmas night. An offering was 

issions. Preaching services were held on Christmas I 

wnsviile Sunday- scb 
and Sunday nights a 
of prayer. Jan, 4 to 9. 

ngs has been elected 
. Nellie S. Kaetzel, Browns- 



with slides 

fund. A 
lantern has been purchased and is being used in eon- 
„,.h our Christian Workers' Meetings. Bro. Eshclman, of 
Ruthven, Iowa, preached for us Dec. 20 and his sermon^was greatly 
appreciated. A Christams program was given """ 
of speaking and exercises by the children, supple 
illustrating the story of the birth of Christ, 
Scripture reading very realistic and impressive, 
the Christian Workers' Society were chosen, with 
mcl, president.— Grace Kimmcl, Sheldon, Iowa, Jan. 6. 

Spring Creek.— Our Sisters' Aid Society recently completed some 
much needed repairs on the church building. Dec. 23 we gave our 
Christmas program to an appreciative audience. Dec. 30 wc met 
in council with Bro. J. F. Burton presiding. Church officers 
were elected as follows: Elder, J. F. Burton;* clerk, C. F. Dutchcr: 
"Messenger" agent and correspondent, the writer; Sunday-school 
superintendent. Miss Maude Sharp. We are to have an_ evangelistic 
meeting in June, conducted by our' pastor. New Year's eve more 
than fifty young people met in the home of Brother and Sister 
Messamer for a watch night banquet. The early part of the 
evening was Spent in a social way. Later wc were seated at the 
tables and a program was given between courses. Still later there 
were hymns, brief messages from Eld. A. M. Sharp and our pastor 
and prayer— Anna Messamer. Fredericksburg, Iowa, Jan. 3. r 


First Central.— Jan. 3 was a great day for us here, It was 
Fellowship Day, with Bro. C. D. Bonsack, Secretary of the General 
Mission Board, as the principal speaker. In spite of rain the at-< 
tendance was very good. Bro. Bonsack preached for US in the 
morning. At the evening service we sat down to a banquet pre- 
pared by the ladies of the church, after which our .local church 
by E. G. Harman, M. R. Murray, E. T. 

officers for 
Laura Kini- 


nd W. P. Strole, clo: 
how to " put 

Harman, A. E. Meyers 
by Bro. Bonsack. He 
City. Our pastor, W. A. Kinzi. 
music was rendered by the orchestra 
the evening program a success. Ou 
to go forward with our program. We 
with members and friends of the churl 
W. A. Kinzie, 95 South Nineteenth St 
Strole, Kansas City, Kans., Jan. 9. 


and others, and helped make 
- courage has been renewed 
are anxious to get in touch 
h moving to the city. Write 

y . South and West 
• teres ting programs on Saturday 
mas. We are observing the week 
meetings every night. Bro. Wilbur 
superintendent of our Sunday-school.- 
ville, Md., Jan. 4. 

Frederick.— Just a word from "The Heart of Maryland." Our 
council meeting was held the early part of November, at which 
time Sunday-school officers were elected for the year at hand. Build- 
ing plans and general business were discussed in detail. Our Christ- 
mas program, comprised of fifty-seven numbers, was rendered to 
a packed house on Christmas night. A local artist volunteered 
to play several Christmas carols for us. using as his instrument a 
hand saw We are very much enthused over our building project 
and proud of the splendid work of our Dorcas Society and that 
of the Ladies' Aid in their endeavor to boost the movement. Sister 
J F Danner represented our church in the Near East Relief for this 
section of the county and succeeded in collecting $41.50, $13.25 of 
which was contributed by members of the Monrovia congregation.— 
Jesse C. Shaver, Frederick, Md., Jan. 7. 

Fulton Avenue.— Nov. 22 Bro. A. L. B. Martin, our pastor, preached 
a Thanksgiving sermon. In the evening a missionary program was 
rendered. The offering was $234.64, which was sent to the General 
Mission Board. We had a Christmas program Dec. 20. The offer- 
ing was $23, which goes toward the building of a new church here. 
The men's Bible class is now supporting a missionary on the 
foreign field. Three have been added to the church recently _by 
baptism. During- the year thirteet 
by former baptism and five by 1 
Md., Jan. 9. 

i met in council Dec. 19, with Eld. Jacob Sloniker in 
Foote was elected " Messenger " agent and cor- 
nt for three months to fill a vacancy. Plans were made to 
church where he could work 
pa'rt of the time and give the church the rest of his time. We 
would be glad to correspond with anyone interested. This is just 
a small country church.— Mrs. Gerry Foote, Copemish, Mich., Jan. 5. 
Hart church has just closed its work for the year, with full de- 
termination to do more and better work for the Master the coming 
year. The Sunday-school gave a pageant, " The Wise Men and 
the Shepherds," to a full house on Christmas. The Sunday-school 
is increasing in attendance and interest. Anyone planning on chang- 
ing locations would do well to consider Hart— Mrs. C. H. Kaiser, 
Hart, Mich., Jan. 11. 




Monlicello.-Dec. 27 Bro. D. H. 


City. Kai 


of tello' 





Garden City.— Last fall we enjoyed an excellent 
ship, when all of the ministers who have been resident pastors of 
this church were here at one time. The occasion presented itself 
when Eld. S. E. Thompson, of Bartlesville. Okla., stopped over 
with us in passing through. Eld. D. H. -Heckman, now resident 
with us, together with Eld. H„ D. Michael, our present pastor 
and elder, constitute the list of those who have served this church. 
Then, too, Bro. John Crist, who had been elder of the church a 
part of the time, was with us. A bounteous dinner was served 
at the church for all. Sometime preceding our revival a young 
man of our community was received into the church by baptism. 
At the close of the meeting by Bro. O. H. Feiler, six more were 
thus received into membership. We are very much enjoying the 
new Hymnal, purchased for use in our revival. A number of our 
Sunday-school classes, and the Sisters' Aid Society arc helping to 
bear the expense. We had a very good Christmas program on 
the evening of Dec. 29. Part of it was a general program, con- 
cluding with the Christmas story in readings and song. We are 
beginning the new year in our Sunday-school with good prospects 
of making it the best year the school has ever known. Eld. D. 
H. Heckman is the able superintendent. Our church is getting 
nuch-needed coats of paint, which greatly improves 

Keller, of Minneapolis, preached 
lie evening gave an illustrated 
uch appreciated for at present we 
ow on we expect ,to have preach- 
We have Sunday-school every Sun- 
hristmas program Dec. 23. — Mrs. O. 




Ruth Miller, Garden City, Kan: 



North Solomon church 
year were elected. J. E. 
Peterson, Sunday-school : 
ministerial board. Three 
since our last report. 
Dec. 27, the White Gift 
Harlan, Kans., Jan. 4. 

Ottawa church held a Thanksgiving service, 
of Appanoose, bringing the forenoon message 
ner in the basement, talks were given on 
and how to meet our mission quota. Dec 

net in council and officers 
Small was reelected elder a 
uperintendent. The deacons 
letters of membership havi 

A Christmas program 
service being observed. — Mr: 

>. C. W. 

been granted 
.vas rendered 
John Moyer, 


th Bro. John Ward, 
basket din- 
of missions 

ndered a Christmas program to a full house. Our small band 
of Hustlers and Rustlers earned $10.25 for the Dahanu Hospital fund. 
Our Christian Workers' Society takes up mission study Jan. 3 
as outlined by the General Mission Board.— Mrs. H. B. Wheeler, 
Ottawa, Kans., Jan. 3. 

Parsons.— The meetings conducted by Brother and Sister W. T. 
Luckctt, of McPherson, for two weeks, closed Jan, 3. Bro. Luckett's 
sermons from first to last were strong, deep and positive. Sister 
Luckctt brought many messages in song and chalk pictures. Sun- 

day morning, J: 

splendid installat 

Three made the 

with Eld. J. A. Campbell 

The ministerial board wa' 

ing in early fall. 

be for 




to Sunday-school 
e. Jan. 6 we met 
jrcsiding. One was 
advised to arrange 

entertain the worke 




Campbell felt his dutie 
signed as Sunday-school superintendent. B 
osen in his place. We have adopted a ft 
id-week meeting. We will serve dinner at 
ose whose birthdays have occurred since July 1.— Mrs. Jul 
Parsons, Kans., Jan. 9. 

lismissed by letter, 

s' conference "somc- 

vere too many and 

B. S. Miller was 

>ion Study for our 

an inspiring sermon Dec. 13 by Bro. S. B. Miller, of Cedar Rapids. - 
Mrs. H. M. Fields. Brooklyn. Iowa, Jan. 2. 

Panther Creek.— Our church gave a program of song on Thanks- 
giving evening, followed by a short sermon by Bro. J. B. Spurgeon. 
f $80 was taken for world-wide missions 
Rule Sunday and raised 

West Wichita.-Our pastor was away for two weeks in a revival 
and during his absence the pulpit was filled by D. W. Kcsler, of 
McPherson, Bcauford Miller, of Newton, and Sister Grace Greenwood, 
from Friends University of this city. These speakers brought mes- 
sages of inspiration and helpfulness. Bro. F. H. Crumpacker gave 
us one lecture as he passed this way from one District -Confer- 
ence to another. A special program was put on by the fathers and 
sons the evening of Nov. 21, consisting of talks and readings. Nov. 
29 a splendid set of colored pictures of Paul's life and journeys was 
given ' with the lantern. These were especially helpful to Sun- 
day-school workers. Our Christmas program gave every class an 
opportunity to do some tiling and was a splendid service. A small 
gift was sent to the Old" Folks' ' Home at Darlow, Kans. The 
pastor's family appreciated a very practical gift of groceries from 
the church. The recovery of the sick, who have been in the 
hospitals during these last six months, has been remarkable, even 
more than we could have hoped for. Our Christian Workers' period 
on Sunday evening is in four divisions. The new depart riieitt of 
juniors and intermediates is interested in the Studies in Doctrine 
and Devotion, with Bro. Sherfy, teacher.— Effie Strohm Sherfy, 
Wichita. Kans.. Jan. 6. 


Brownsville church met in council Dec. 19, with Eld. N. P. Castle 
in charge. It was decided that we should take up a missionary 
offering once a month. We appreciated 

are without a pastor. From 

ing services every two weeks. 

day and the children gave a i 

E. Stauffer, Monticello, Minn., Dec. 29. 

Worthing ton.— We held our council Dec. S. with Bro. J. A. Eddy 
as moderator. Officers -for the coming year were elected for church 
and Sunday-school. Our superintendent for the adult department is 
Sister Ida Strom. We will hold a series of meetings in the spring 
or early summer. On Thanksgiving evening we enjoyed a program 
given by the young people's class. Their teacher, Bro. Frank Wil- 
liams, had charge. At this time an offering was taken to he applied 
on the church debt. Our Christmas program was given Dec. 20, 
each, class giving two numbers. We were glad to have Bro. M. 
W Emmert, of Mt. Morris, with us on Thanksgiving Day. He 
preached a very helpful sermon in the evening.— Ruth Eddy, Worth- 
ington, Minn., Dec. 28. 


Shelby County.-Dec. 27 Bro. J. J. Serogum, of Bethany Bible 
School, gave a very interesting talk, 
audience- as the weather was cold and the roads 
was very much disappointed on Sunday morning as our Ford failed 
to get us there. We started but did not reach the church at all. 
We are few in number and feel the need of more help here. If 
anyone wishes to locate here or rent a farm, of which there are 
several, we would be glad to hear from him and help all we 
can to locate members here.— Mrs. Esta N. Stouder Folger, Leonard, 
Mo., Dec. 29. 

Fraternity church met in council Dec. 12, with Eld. J. F. Robert- 
son presiding. Officers for 1926 were elected as follows: Elder, H. 
J. Woodie; clerk, R. W. Sides; correspondent and "Messenger" 
agent, Edna Lashmit; Sunday-school superintendent, H. D. Robert- 
1 son. Dec. 22 the Sunday-school presented to a large audience " The 
Christmas Quest." We are looking forward to a series of meetings 
in the near future to be conducted by Bro. Wilford Peters, of 
Spray, N. C. This year the Sunday-school realized the most pros- 
perous year that it has ever experienced, which we feel was largely 
due to the unfailing cooperation shown both by teachers and students. 
At the beginning of the year the enrollment was seventy, while 
now it is ninety-six, with a Home Department of thirteen. Our 
average attendance was sixty -three, with a total attendance of 
3,269; average offering, $4.45; total, $230.38. In the fall of 1924 
our school decided to give birthday offerings, a penny for each 
year, and during 1925 alone this amounted to $16.14, which is ta be 
given each year to the Orphans and Old People's Home of the 
First and Southern Districts of Virginia. We are now enjoying 
our new Sundav -school rooms which have recently been completed — 
Mrs. H. D. Robertson, Winston-Salem, N. C, Jan. 5. 

Spray Mission— Our church and Sunday-school officers have been 
chosen for the year as follows: Bro. J. R. Perdue, superintendent; 
Sister Edna 'Rickman, secretary; Sister Edith Peters, clerk; Bro. 
W. M. Hundly, president of our midweek prayer meeting; the 
writer, "Messenger" correspondent. A committee was also ap- 
pointed to select Sunday-school teachers for the year. Funds havr 
been secured for the painting of our churchhousc both inside and 

iplcted. Plans are being laid for 
larger and 





At the clo< 

e of the 

voung man co 


Christ— Mrs. 

Lucy A. 

N. C, Jan. 4. 


Ellison church met in council Dec^ 19, with Bro. John Deal, elder 
in charge. His service during the year has been much appreciated. 
Officers were elected for the coming year: Elder, Bro. Earf Flora; 
clerk, Bro. Alfred Berry; the writer, correspondent and "Messenger" 
agent.' Members of the various committees were chosen. The 
budget for the year was decided upon. Sunday-school officers were 
elected, with Bro. " Harvey Burkholder, superintendent. Dec. 20 
we had our Christmas service. The work is moving along nicely 
under the leadership of our pastor, Bro. Flora, and wife. We expect 
to hold a scries of meetings in June.— Mrs. Alfred Berry, Sarles, N. 
Dak., Jan. 5. 

Minot diurch met in council Nov. 29, with Bro. Jorgen Boe pre- 
siding. Officers for the coming year were elected as follows: Bro. 
Boe. reelected elder; Bro. M. W. Petry, " Messenger " agent and 
correspondent; the writer, clerk; Sister Carrie Myers, Sunday-school 
superintendent. Three letters were received and two granted.— Chas. 
A. Zook. Minot. N. Dak., Jan. 8. 

an offering of Winger, of Hyattsville, who gave us kindly aid in explanatic 



Ross church met in co 
ng. Sunday-school and 
lectcd. with Bro. Drive 

uncil Jan. 2, with Eld. S. I 

church officers for the enst 

as elder; Sister Frances 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 23, 1926 


vcd by letter, making n total 
Mother's Day and our Auto 
and spirit. Our pastor has 

eighteen active worke 

day-school superintendent and "Messenger" agent- Bro. A. L. Coil 
was chosen delegate to District Meeling. The following Sunday, 
teachers were chosen and in the evening officers (or the local young 
people's cabinet were elected, with Frances Detrick, president.— 
Frances Detrick, Spenccrvdlc, Ohio, Jan. 5. 

Springfield.— The year of 1925 has been one of marked progress 
under the leadership of Bro. S. Z. Smith and wife. Special occasions 
have in a wonderful way built up and bound together our band 
of workers. Our pastor conducted a pre- Easter/ service of ten 
days, during whicli time fifteen were baptized, the greater number 
being heads of families. During the summer and fall eight 
baptized, one reclaimed and nine re 
of thirty-three added to the cburc 
Day were remarkable in attendan 
built up a class of young men wi 
Wednesday night service has been divided into 
the adult prayer service; young people's Mission Study, led by the 
pastor; also a very active junior department, conducted by Sister 
Smith, with a present average attendance of thirty. The church 
lawn has been beautified with shrubbery and Sowers; also portable 
partitions have been erected in the church basement for Sunday- 
school rooms, at a cost of over three hundred dollars; over one 
thousand dollars has been paid on the new church debt; all quotas 
and home expenses have been met, with a good sum of money left 
in each treasury ready for larger service during the coming year. 
Our annual business session was conducted Dec. 16 by Eld. H. 
Eidemiller. All church and Sunday-school officers were elected. 
Bro. Orin Ziegler was reelected Sunday -school superintendent. We 
decided to have the lecture course tliis winter"; it was also decided 
that we purchase 150 new song hooks. Our church budget was 
increased for the year 1926. There seemed to be great rejoicing 
over the accomplishments during the past year. The Ladies' Aid 
Society reported much progress and are launching toward a greater sue- 
cess in 192&i_ our young people have furnished several fine pag- 
eants and pantomimes; the Sunday-school scholars rendered an excel- 
lent Christmas program, and everyone is hopeful for still larger suc- 
cess. But at the close of our annual business session a message of 
disappointment was announced by our moderator: Our pastor has 
received a call from the General Home Missionary Board to enter 
evangelistic -service in such territory as they will direct. Brother 
and Sister Smith, after prayerful consideration, have accepted the 
call and will start their southern tour Feb. 1. While we were 
very reluctant to accept their resignation, yet we rejoice in their 
larger opportunity of service, and we voted a voice of thanks for 
their earnest atid successful labors with us, and promised our 
good wishes and prayers to go with them in the work of the Lord.— 
Florence Freeze, Springfield, Ohio, Dec. 30. 

West Alexandria church met in business session Dec. 5, with our 
pastor and elder, R. N. Leatherman, presiding. He was reelected 
elder for the next two^ycars. Church officers were chosen. Reports 
of various committees were accepted. During the holiday week 
we entertained the Sunday-school Institute of Southern Ohio. Brcth- 
K. Ober and J. Oscar Winger gave many 

,nd others. Bro. 
i, and will contii 
indria, Ohio, Jan. 

lal : 
J. A. Robin 

of ! 

■est to te 



eetings Jan. 
West Alex- 

Washita church met 


i council Jan. 2. 

decided to discontinue 
:otton crop again 

\ ! e expect Bro. Weaver, 
revival meeting next summer, 
r Sunday-school. We intend to 
; last year we made $160.50 from 
Bro. D. E. Cripe was chosen elder for this year; Bro. Floyd 
Lowber, superintendent; Sister Lula Brubaker, Christian Workers' 
president— Jacob Merkey, Cloud' Chief, Okla., Jan. 6. 


Ashland church met in council Dec. 18. Church officers were 
elected for the new year. Bro. M. C. Lininger was reelected elder; 
Bro. M. D. Brower, clerk; the writer, correspondent and " Mes- 
senger " agent; Sister Laura Goetze, superintendent; Sister Marie 
Pence, Christian Workers' president. Two letters have been re- 
ceived. Dec. 22 we gave a Christmas program to a full house. An 
offering was taken for the Near East Relief. Bro. C. H. Barklow 
and wife were with us Dec. 27. Bro. Barklow gave us two splendid 
sermons. We are grateful for visiting brethren. Bro. M. C. 
Lininger goes to the Williams church once every month, a distance 
of forty-eight miles. He has kept up the appointment for several 
years and it is encouraging to see some uuiting with the church. 
The attendance at Sunday- school is good. Since our last report 
(hree families have moved here. We feel encouraged and hope more 
will come— Mrs. B. M. Lininger, Med ford, Ore., Jan. 6. 

Myrtle Point.— Our Sunday-school presented a Christmas pageant, 
" The White Gifts for the King," to a crowded house. The service 
was real interesting; many seemed to he much impressed with 
the program. Each class lifted an offering for some worthy cause. 
Our Sunday-school board met on New Year's Day and selected the 
teachers for the Sunday-school. Then on New Year's Sun- 
day we held our installation service, which was very impressive. 
A good interest was manifested, and everybody seemed to nealize 
the responsibility of the work. The interest is fine. Bro. C. H. 
Barklow and wife have moved back from Grants Pass and are 
located among us again, assisting in the work. We have all our 
work pretty well planned for the coming year. We have a splendid 
corps of workers; we have nine classes in our Sunday-school, with 
fine teachers. Our Christian Workers' Society is organized into three 
departments.— Leander Smith, Myrtle Point, Oregon, Jan. 4. 


Aughwick.— Our quarterly council was held in the Rockhill house 
on Jan. 2, to plan work for the new year. Bro. Chas. Wakefield, 
of Germany Valley, was elected to the ministry and was granted 
a license for one year. The Hill Valley house is to have a new 
furnace and the Rockhill churchhousc is also to have some improve- 
ments. Our congregation has been much strengthened and en- 
couraged by a series of evangelistic services, conducted by Bro. 
Saylor G. Greyer, of Philadelphia. He began Dec. 7 and preached 
'o a packed house every .night. Fifteen were baptized and three 
received on former baptism; others await the rite. During the year 
the congregation received thirty- four by baptism, three by former 
baptism and one by letter; eight are yet to be received. Three 
letters were granted and five were removed by death. Our pastor 
Performed five marriages. As many of our members are locating in 
Mt. Union our people arc considering the possibilities of having 
preaching services in that place.— Mrs. A. M, Stout, Orbisonia, Pa., 
Jan. 8. 

Conewago.— Jan. i marked the close of the scries of meetings held 
at this place by Bra J. I. Baughcr. Two confessed Christ. Dec. 
•26 the election for the Sunday-school officers of both Bachmanville 
and Conewago was held. At Bachmanville Noah Gibble was chosen 
superintendent and at Conewago. 'M. S. Brandt.— Minnie Hosteller, 
Lawn, Pa., Jan. 11. 

Coventry.— We held a watch night service Dec. 31. We first en- 
joyed a social hour, followed by singing, several short talks and a 
season of prayer, There were many expressions of an earnest desire 
'<* do more and better work 'for the Master in the coming year. 
Jan. 1 the church met in council. Reports from committees were 
v ery encouraging. Missionary contributions for the year amounted 
'o almost $1,700. Our treasurer reported all bills paid with a balance. 
The treasurer of our helping hand fund also reported a fine balance. 
Sunday morning, Jan. i, installation services were held for all the 
newly elected officers of the church, Sunday-school and Christian 
Workers" Society. Taking ior his text, " Jesus Christ the same 
'yesterday, 1 today and forever," our pastor. Eld. A. R. Coffman, 
Preached a very helpful sermon. In the evening we enjoyed about 
twenty slides on the creation of the world, the fall and the coming 
of John the Baptist.— Mrs. Naomi T. Kulp. Potlstown. Pa.. Jan. 8. 

Greentree.— We had a busy and joyous holiday' season. Our Christ- 
mas entertainment was held Dec. 23. Every member brought a 
White Gift offering 'of money, food or merchandise to be distributed 

(o various institutions such as the Ncffsville Orphanage. Pho. 
villi Hospital, etc. A Christmas gift of $100 was given to mis 
from the Sunday-school. The pastor preached his Christni 
on Sunday morning, Dec. 27. In the evening the choir rendered a 
beautiful cantata. "The World's Redeemer," directed by the chorister, 
Bro. Paul Zuck. For the past few weeks various organizations of 
the church have been holding election of officers for the new year. 
Bro. S. H. Yocum was reelected superintendent of the Sunday- 
school- Sister Rcplogle was also reelected superintendent of the 
primary department, which consists of approximately 100 chil- 
dren. She is doing a wonderful work in this department. Bto. 
Jos. G. Famous is the new president of the Christian Helpers' 
Society. Bro. Replogle preached an inspiring new year's sermon 
on Sunday morning, Jan. 3. An important feature' of the Sunday- 
school service Jan. 3 was the presentation of awards to those 
who had perfect attendance during 1925. Ninety scholars made this 
record. One had completed his seventh year of perfect attendance, 
while two had made their eighth year, namely the superintendent, 
S. H. Yocum, and Howard Famous. Dec. 17 twenty-six of us 
held a meeting at the County Home, with Bro. Replogle in charge. 
He gave a short address and we sang a number of songs, both 
in I he chapel and in the hospital. Each inmate was given an 
orange and a chocolate bar.-iMrs. F. R. Zimmerman, Norristown, 
Pa.. Jan. 4. 

Harrisburg.— Nov. 15 Bro. Andrew Hollinger, of Nesvville, N. Dak,, 
preached a very interesting sermon on the subject, " Application 
of the Blood of Christ." We enjoyed the message of our aged 
brother very much. Bro. Geo. W. Beclman, of Lancaster City, 
has moved here and we very much appreciate his coming into 
our midst- Nov. 22 he preached to a very attentive audience from 
Psa. 90: 12, beautifully comparing the Christian life with the palm 
tree. The Christmas program Dec. 20 was very well rendered 
by our Sunday-school. Dec. 18 the Samaritan Band held a Christ- 
mas service at the Home of the Friendless. The meetings of this 
band held monthly at the Bethesda Mission arc well attended, with 
good interest manifested. Dec. 17 the quartet of the band sang 
in the county prison and Sister Stroup gave a talk on "The Promises 
of Christ to the Weary." At present our pastor is giving us a 
series of sermons on " The Sin of Following Fashion," which are 
very interesting and instructive. The representative from our Sun- 
day-school in the Anti-tobacco contest conducted by the Temperance 
and Welfare Committee of our District is Beulah Weaver. The 
church and almost alt auxiliaries have been reorganized for the year. 
—Mrs. Emory P. Trimmer, Harrisburg, Pa., Jan. 11, 

ML Joy church met in council Jan. 5. with Eld. M. J. Brougher 
presiding. Treasurers' reports and others were given. The pastor's 
report showed that -there were forty-nine additions to the church 
during the year, and that the average attendance at Sunday-school 
was close to 200. At a previous council the official board had asked 
for two new deacons to be chosen. Accordingly a vote was taken 
and Brethren Simon A. Summy and Marion L. Eichcr were elected 
and they will he installed later. The balcony at the rear of the 
church is nearly completed. This will give us three additional Sun> 
day-school rooms. The main auditorium has been repainted and 
repapcred, giving the church a very pleasing aspect. The women's 
adult Bible class donated the paper while Bro. L. R. Fox donated 
the labor for the painting.— O. A. Summy, Mt. Pleasant, Pa., Jan. 11. 
Parkerford.— The Christmas season here has again proven to be 
a most happy and blessed one. The first of our Christmas activities 
began Dec. 23, at our community tree. Christmas carols were sung 
and our pastor, Bro. Dixon, delivered the message on the subject, 
" The Tidings of Great Joy." Together with members of the 
Baptist church a community prayer service was enjoyed at our 
church Christmas morning. Thirty carolers through the village 
brought the Christmas spirit and much joy to many persons. At 
6 o'clock there was a short service of song and a talk by our 
pastor about singing, emphasizing the fact that the great Christmas 
message came through song. Baskets were packed and sent out 
to the shut-ins, sick and poor. Sunday morning the children gave 
a very delightful entertainment. The choir, under the splendid direc- 
tion of Sister Dixon, furnished some excellent music. A special 
Christmas offering was taken. The Emmanuel Bible Class' offering, 
amounting to $110, is to be used lor World-wide missions, and 
that of the young men's class of $16,50 is to be sent to Bro. I. 
S. Long, in India. In the evening the Christian Endeavor Society 
gave a special program which was very profitable and entertaining. 
New Year's eve is our longest service of the* year, with election of 
officers of our Christian Endeavor and Sunday-school. Sister Dixon 
is again the very efficient president of our Christian Endeavor 
Society. Bro. J. B. Reiff, who has served our Sunday-school so 
faithfully and efficiently for about forty years, is our Superintendent. 
Jan. 3 Bro. Dixon preached a New Year's sermon, emphasizing our 
opportunities and also giving a reminiscence ol Brother and Sister 
Dixon's pastorate of ten years. The past year has been a very 
prosperous one, according to the treasurer's reports. The greater 
portion of the balance of the Sunday-school money, $150, was voted 
for missions, plus about $30 birthday money. — M. Edith I'ennypacker, 
Parkerford, Pa., Jan. 4, 

Red Bank.— As the old year ncars its close we recount the bless- 
ings of., the months gone) by and meditate on our Father's mercy 
to his children. Nine persona were baptized during the year. Our 
Vacation Bible School was no small feature of the year's program 
of religious education. The splendid program rendered by the 
children ,at the close of the school bore evidence of the many 
truths absorbed in the two short weeks. The Manchester quartet 
cave their hearers a real treat of music, readings, etc. An orchestra 
of some twenty members from the young men's and intermediate 
hoys' classes has been progressing nicely under the leadership of 
Prof. C. A. Henry. They have played at quite a number of the 
special services and their efforts have been pleasing. The new 
Ford purchased by the Sisters' Aid Society for the use of the 
pastor and Aid, is proving a valuable asset to the work. The 
children gave a nice' sum for the India Hospital fund. Our fall 
community day was of a real special character. Varied neighbor- 
hood interests received attention from able speakers. Several hun- 
dred were present and dinner was served to all. The Parents' 
League is making for cooperation. Our Sunday-school year bas 
been changed to begin Oct. 1, to correspond with the schedule of 
graded lessons. Sister Warner, the pastor's wife, superintends 
the children's division and Bro. E. Z. Shumaker, the adult division. 
Our pastor is director of religious education and superintendent of 
the 'young people. The Sunday evening expressional meetings for 
the young people are now correlated with the Sunday-school les- 
sons. Jan. 1 we will have a full day's program, consisting of an 
address by the pastor, reorganization of various phases of the 
work, social hour and dinner.— Mrs. Carrie Allen, New Bethlehem, 
Pa.. Dec. 17. 

Shade Creek congregation met in council at the Bcrkey house 
Dec. 18. The election of officers to serve for the year resulted as 
follows: Elder, F. R. Zook; assistant, Wm. Fry; church clerk, 
Robert Livingston; corresponding secretary, Nellie Lehman. The 
work and the future outlook of the Central City mission were con- 
sidered at some length and placed in the hands of the elders to 
formulate plans. The outlook for the church through the Sunday- 
schools at the Ridge and Berkey houses is promising, with C. C 
Weaver as superintendent of the latter and Boyd Lehman, of the 
former. Each of these points has a targe number of young peo- 
ple who arc actively engaged in the different departments of the 
young people's work. This congregation enjoys the privilege of a 
monthly missionary program, held alternately at the different preach- 
ing points, through which the missionary spirit is fostered. The 
next program will be Jan. 10— a missionary musicale, by home 
tabnt. The writer recently held a ten day revival in the Pcnrr 
Run church, when four young ladies confessed Christ. One, a 
seventeen-year-old girl, was stricken with illness and sent for the 
pastor who had fifteen miles to drive through snow and mud. 
When he came she made her desire known— to unite with the 
church. The next morning she asked her mother to write a note 
for her to her girl friends and that evening they responded to the 
Spirit's call. Surely the Lord moves in a mysterious way often- 
times to bring people into the Kingdom. Our evangelistic efforts 

during the last year have centered around some of the weaker 
churches in Middle and Western Pennsylvania Districts. We were 
very much gratified as to the interest manifest at these places. Some 
people drove eight and ten miles over two mountains to be present 
at the services. This proves that there are people really hungry 
for the Gospel. Frequently the Spirit of God is found in large 
measure among the people in these weaker churches.— F. R. Zook, 
Windbcr, Pa.. Dec. 31. 

Sipesvilte church met in council Jan. 5. with Eld. W. C. Detrick 
presiding. The church officers were elected for the coming year, 
with Bro. Detrick. elder. Reports for the year show the church to 
be in a prosperous condition. Our Sunday-school rendered a mixed 
program Dec. 24 to an appreciative audience. Dec. 31 the Juniata 
Glee Club gave a concert, which was the third number of our 
program and was enjoyed by all. The Ladies' Aid Society re- 
organized Jan. 6. The sum of $125 was handed the church treasurer 
to go toward the building of the parsonage.— Mrs. A. G. Maust, Sipes- 
ville, Pa., Jan. 12. 


Bucna Vista.— As my husband has accepted the pastoral work 
of (he Progressive church at this place I had to give up my pastoral 
work at Tinker Creek. We have moved into our own home here 
in Bucna Vista. We left Tinker Creek with the best fellowship 
and love a church and pastor could have for each other, and we 
shall ever cherish the happy hours in their homes and in the 
church together. There is a great field at Tinker Creek for the 
Church of the Brethren. Bro. P. S, Miller, of Roanoke, was our 
elder all the while we were pastors at that place. He seemed to 
take great plcnsuie in the work there. I shall be glad to do 
some evangejistic work, holding meetings for anyone desiring our 
serviee.-Mrs I'. J. Jennings, Bucna Vista, Va.. Jan. 7. 

Green Hill church met in council Dec. 4, with Bro. John Showaltcr 
as moderator. Sister Lena Austin was elected clerk; Bro. B. F. 
Henry, " Messenger " agent; Sister Ocic Wimnier. correspondent. 
We also appointed a committee to solicit the members with a 
view of securing a regular pastor for this church.— Mrs. Ocie Wim- 
mcr, Glenvar. Va„ Jan. 6. 

Monteb olio.— Since Oilr Inst report we have had our quarterly 
council. One wns received into the church by letter and one letter 
was granted. Bro, W. E. Cunningham will preach for us another 
year. He has moved into our neighborhood and can do much more 
for the Upbuilding of the church. He preached on Thanksgiving 
anil Christmas— being the first to preach to us on those two special 
days. As we launch out into the new year we feel there is much 
to do. We have good leaders just now, teachers of Montcbcllo 
high school-lira. W. 1. Flory and Sister Helen Sandal. They are 
both good church workers and we certainly appreciate having them 
and Bro. Cunningham and family in our little Sunday-school.-Mrs. 
Emma Whilcsell, Moutehello. Va.. Jan. -I. 

Mt.. Zlon church met in council Jan. 1, with Eld. D. N. Spiller 
presiding, Officers (or tin- coming year were elected as follows: 
U, N, Spiller, elder in charge; Eld. C. E. Long, associate; the 
writer, church clerk and correspondent; Bro. Ray Rymon. "Mes- 
senger" agent; Bro. Amos Cave, Sunday-school superintendent. 
Jan. J Bro, M, G. Sanger, ol Augusta County, preached a soul- 
stirring sermon al the II o'clock service. We arc endeavoring to 
secure Bro, Sanger to hold a series of meetings for us in I he 
coining year. Our reports show that we have paid for missions, 
J82.2L— H. F. Sours, Luray, Va.. Jan. 6. 

St. Paul church (Va.) met in council Dec. 26, with Bro. W. J. 
Payne as presiding elder. The purpose of the meeting was to 
elect an elder ami new officers. Bro. II, J. Woo.lie was elected elder; 
Bro. Win. Loftwich, clerk; S^ier Minnie Johnson, correspondent; 
Bro, W. A. Williams, Sunday -school superintendent. We decided 
to receive a special offering once a month lor the purpose of repair- 
ing the church, -Mrs. Minnie Johnson, Mt. Airy, N, C. Jan. 6. 

University Park (Hush Creek) church met in council Dec. 11, 
with Eld, J. M. Burall in charge. Four letters were accepted. Three 
new members for the trustee board were elected: Brethren Anders 
Weslergren and F. M. Sampson and Sister Kate Thomas. A local 
council of promotion has been created, consisting ol the elder, pastor 
and other officers. Sister Mary Martin, of Baltimore, State secre- 
tary of the Maryland V. P. D., gave us a much appreciated mes- 
sage Dec. 6 on the aims and work of that department. We hope 
to. send a number of our young people to the next conference. 
Dec. 20 Dr. Oyer, ol the Washington Bible School, gave us a 
wonderful sermon. Already our present place of worship is prov- 
ing too small lor the gruwing congregation which lias more than 
doubled under the untiring efforts of our pastor, Bro. Roger D. 
Winger, and wile. Several new families have recently moved into 
our midst, Jan. 3 Rev. Thoburn Lyon, of the First Brethren church 
of Washington, I). C., gave us a message which was very much 
appreciated. AUo we enjoyed the presence of a number from a 
neighboring congregation, We would like to get in touch with 
anyone who may be contemplating moving to suburban Washing- 
ton. Address the pastor, Hyallsville, Md.— Mrs. Pearl J. Weimcr, 
Potomac, Va., Jan. 3. 

White Hill church met in council Jan. 7, with Eld. E. D. Kiodig 
in charge. Our pastor, Bro. P. R. Dcihl, also was present. All the 
old officers were retained for another year. Our election of Sunday- 
school officers look place in October. Bro. Donald Harris is our 
superintendent again. We remembered Golden Rule Sunday 
with a collection of $4,88 for the Near East Relief. Our pastor is 
still in favor with the congregation. He has held his third revival 
at While Hill. The attendance was line and his messages earnest 
and appealing. During the year there have been fifteen additions 
to the church. Many have been with us during the year whose 
presence we appreciated. While our pastor was doing evangelistic 
work Bro. Guy Stump ol Mt. Vernon church very satisfactorily 
filled his place for five Sundays. The Mission Band of Bridge- 
water College favored us with a nice program. The Sunday-school 
gave an interesting program Dec. 24 to a large audience.— Mary E. 
Hall, Mint Spring, Va., Jan. 8. 

Eglon church met in council Dec. 5, with Eld. John S. Fike pre- 
siding. Officers (or> the coming year were elected for the Sunday- 
school. Dr. B. B. Miller is our superintendent again. The necessary 
church committees were appointed. Six letters of membership were 
granted. Thanksgiving Day we met for services, with Eld. J. A. 
Arnold preaching the sermon. Dec. 27 we began our nineteenth 
annual Bible Institute and continued until Jan. 3. We had with us 
as main instructor Bro. J. W. Lear, of Chicago. Each forenoon he 
taught the Parables ol Our Lord, and each afternoon the book of 
I'hilippians. Dr. B. B. Miller taught a period each day on the 
Simple Life. The program was interspersed with talks, music and 
recitations. Bro. Lear preached each evening. He gave us strong 
sermons and as a direct result two young women accepted Christ. 
During Thanksgiving and the Christmas season we raised approxi- 
mately $400 for missions. During 1925 we donated $1,500 for the 
orphanage in our congregation.-Elmina Teets, Eglon. W. Va„ Jan. 6. 


Official Organ of the Church, of the Brethren 

Published weekly by Brethren Publishing House, R. E. Arnold, Gen- 
eral Manager, 16 to 24 S. State St., Elgin. III., at S2-00 per annum, in 
advance. (Canada subscriptions fifty cents extra.) 


Assistant Editor 

Entered at the Postoffice at Elgin, III., as Second-class Mattel 
Acceptance lor mailing at special rate of postage provided for i 
section 1103. Act of October 3, 1917, authorized August 30, 191S. 


nd is more urgent 



(Continued from Page 59) 
present need of missions in the home 

than on the foreign fields. Emmert affirmed, I dented. 
Last night he argned for foreign missions, while I pressed 
the home situation. Considerable interest ,s thus aroused; 
this is our sole purpose, to stimulate the present interest 
in the mission work of the Church throughout the world. 

Garrett, Ind., Dec. 31 

Returning to Garrett, we were invited to sing In 
Methodist chnreh tonight, and to give a " 
dress. Miriam has returned to Bethany, the other children 
will set out for home tomorrow, wife and I will spend 
Sunday in North Manchester. Our baby boy catching 
the inspiration of the two days' work, asked ,f we could 
no, as a family put on a Chautauqua course some sum- 
mer Here at the church, Emmert has made (in ahou 
twenty-four hours' time) a splendid bulletin «» cost of 
about $JS for material. It looks well, and is a bit of the 
needful advertising which every wide awake congrega- 
tion is glad to invest in. If you are interested, write h.m 
We did not stay for the completion of the watch-night 
services in town, but reached the parsonage at midnight 
And so endeth the year of grace, 1925. The Lord hath 
been good to us alVwhereof we ar e glad. 

~ » H<Tc7n^ to my" desk with a Quivering Up— 
The lesson was done— 
■ Dear teacher, I want a new leaf, he said, 
' I have spoiled this one.' 

of the leaf so stained and blotted, 
iin a new one all unspotted. 
And into his sad eyes smiled, 
• Do better now, my child.' 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 23, 1926 

Will you pray with us for all these workers that they 

may be used of the Father in an abundant way during 
these winter days. J. E. Wagoner. 

Bulsar, India. 



note that the fifty cents requ 
- notice may be applied to a t 
subscription for the newly 

be made when the 

for the publication of a 
months " Gospel lies- 
couple. Request should 
sent, "and full address given. 

— By the 



R. Pet* 

ndersigned, Dec. _ .. 

■r and Sister J. W. Steele, of Wenatehee, 
Jeardorff, of Cando, N. Dak., and Vera Steele— 
.atehee, .Wash. 
Graybill-Provo.-By the undersigned, at the home of" the bride's 
parents, Cashmere. Wash., Dec. 25, 1925, Dro. Jesse W and 
Sister Ada M. Provo.— Orville Booth, Wenatehee, Wash. 
" Harden-Stayer.-By the undersigned, at his residence Dec. 23. 1925, 
Clarence R. Harden and Ruth M. Stayer, both of 
Jonas J. Peters, Kremlin, Mont. 

Hartley -Cassel.- By the undersigned, at the hoi 
parents, Elder and Sister Jos. N. O 
Dec. 19. 1925, Brother Harry Hartley 
Cassel, both of the Mingo congregation. 

gave freely of her m6ney, and (let relations with her Maker were 
an incentive to better living for those who knew her. Her prayer 
life was her great comfort. She had been a sufferer with asthma 
since young womanhood. She was very patient and submissive to 
her Father's will.— O. E. Stern, Waddams Grove, 111. 

Bridges, Harold Dale, infant son of W. C. and Laura Bridges, 
died, aged 17 days. Services at the Pleasant View church by the 
,,nH P rsigned, assisted bv Eld. David Byerly. Burial in the Lewis 
•' I. Cool. Beaverdam, Ohio: 
Silas, died Dec. 15, 1925, In the bounds of the Fruit. 
,.11, aged 73 years, 10 months and 15 days, 
dead in bed. He was earnest in bis belief. His seat in church, 
seldom vacant. He' is survived by four sons, fifteen grandchild] 
and one brother. He was twice married; his last companion d 
in 1397. Services in the Brethren church by Bro. G. W. Petchei 
J. Z. Jordan, Fruitdale, Ala. 

Cave, Bro. Jacob H., of the Mt. Zion congrega 
the Rockingham Memorial Hospital Dec. 31. 1925, 
stomach, aged 65 years, 2 months and 9 days 
to fail about six months ago. He _ suffered 
vith Christian resignation 

Grove cemetery. - 

Va., died in 
cancer of the 
health began 
nuch but bore his 

of the bride's 

Village, Pa., 

Sister Margaret Kulp 

R. Coffman, Potts town, 

In plai 
I gav< 

quivering sou!— 

" I went to the Throne with i 

The old year was done— 
Dear Father, hast thou a new leaf for i-. 

I have spoiled this one.' 
He took the old ieai, stained and blotted, 
And gave me a new one all unspotted. 

And into my sad heart smiled, 

• Do better now, my child.' " 

Mt. Morris, UK, Tuesday, Jan. 5, 1926 

On the way home we spent Sunday in North Man- 
chester as guests in the home of Brother and S.ster Ross. 
Bro Ross is not better than before; if there is any 
change from a year ago perhaps he is weaker. We chatted 
together about the mission work; his interest never lags, 
and his mind is clear, but it is difficult for h.m to make 
himself understood, the paralysis is such. But how our 
hearts go out together to the field as we discuss the 
situation at the present moment It is good to commune 
together with one another and with the Lord; he seems 
very near to us all. Sister Ross and the girls are busy, 
mother in the home and daughters going to school. The 
one subject of conversation is India; the optimism of 
youth is most compelling. 

We have just been reading the January "Visitor," and 
are glad for its messages. The book, " India a Problem,' 
ought to be in every Sunday-school library now, for 
when the present edition is exhausted, it will not be re- 
printed. If any Sunday-school will write us what books of 
mine they have, we will be glad to make them some special 
offer on the remaining books, such as are available 
lable now; the supply of "Missions and 
exhausted. " A Year With Our Mission- 
is also not available. The ninth edition 
of "Charlie Newcomer" is running at present. I have 
always been glad for that little book. "The Great First- 
Work of the Church" is in the fourth edition. And the 
latest one, "Family Worship," may be had in paper, or 
cloth, or in morocco with gold edges. With respect to 
these books write to Sister Stover, at Mt. Morris, as she 
has a healthful desire to help keep the ball a-rolhng. 
Mt. Morris, 111. Wilbur B. Stover. 

, 1925, Bro. Wayma 
Butler, of Warsaw, Ii 

Hylton-Replogle.-By the undersigned, Jan. 4 1926, at the home 
of the bride's parents, Brother and Sister W. H. Rcplogle, near 
Pyrmont, Ind., Bro. Ferris V. Hylton, of Rossville, Ind., and Sister 
Edna Replogle.-J. G. Stinebaugh, Rossville, Ind. 

Meadowe-Ulrich.-By the undersigned, at the residence of the bode, 
Dec 5 1925 Mr. Leo Meadows, of Newcastle, Ind., and Sister 
Philena' Ulrich, of Muncie, Ind.-Ralph G. Rarick, Muncie, Ind. 

Miller-Smith.^By the undersigned, at his home, Dec. 27, 1925, Mr. 
Dew L. Miller, of Wabash, Ind., and Miss Dorthy E Smith, daughter 
of Brother and Sister J. E. Smith, of Indianapolis, Ind.-Geo. L. 
Studebaker, Indianapolis, Ind. 

Rarick- Butler .-By the undersigned, at the parsonage of the Church 
of the Brethren, Muncie, Ind., Nov 
of Milford, Ind., and Miss Delia E. 
Rarick, Muncie. Ind. 

Robarge-Geary.-By the undersigned, at the home of the bride's 
mo'hcr Dec. 6, 1925, Mr. Gideon Robarge and Sister Edith Geary, 
both of Rice Lake.-A. S. Brubaker, Rice Lake, Wis. 

Sherry -White.-By the undersigned, at his home near Blountv"~ 
Tenn Dec 20, 1925, Bro. Paul Kasper Sherfy, of. Blount- 
and Sister Mabel Grace White, of Jonesboro, Tenn.- 
Blountville, Tenn. 

Vader-Petorson.-At the home of the undersigned, Dec. 25, 1925, Mr 
Venus Clifford Vader and Miss Elsie Emma Peters' 
pendence, Mo.-Geo. R. Eller, Kansas City, Kans. 

Weaver- Baker .-By ■ the undersigned, at the bride 
1925, Bro. Claude Weaver, of Goshen, Ind., and. 
Baker, of Middleburv, Ind.— Chas. C. Cripe, , Breme 

three years. He was anointed 

jochenour, who preceded him Sept. 4, 

d two daughters. He stood for what 

lithful to that end. Services by Eld. 

Sanger. Interment in the cemetery 

Luray, Va. 

ih Ellen, born in Shenandoah County, Va.. 

.r Wakeman's Grove, Dec. 28, 1925, aged 62 

], 1880, she married Franklin P, Coffman, who 

vears ago. There were four daughters; one 

:d with the Church of the Brethren a 

ces by the writer at Wakeman's Grove 

emetery near by.— L. M. Helsley, Wood- 


L. Rarick, 
[.—Ralph G. 

irille, Tenn., 
H. Garst, 

both of\ Indc- 

—Mrs. Ira G. Maaemore, 



192S, aged 15 years, 2 rnc 

lia after one week's illness in 

was a member of the Church 

years. She is survived by her 

Andes, four sisters and one 

church by Elders Ruius Bucher and DUler 

rarpenter's cemetery.— Gertrude R. Shirk, 

Not all are aval 
the Church " is 
aries in India " 

Andes, Martha Marie, died Dec. 
and 28 days. She died of septii 
the Lancaster General Hospital, 
of the Brethren for the past si: 
parents. Brother and Sister Le 
brother. Services 
Myer. Intermen 
Ephrata, Pa. 

Baker, Sister Sarah M., died Dec. 5, 1925, of a 
diseases, aged 89 years, 1 month and 6 days. She w 
the Church of the Brethren and lived a beautiful ; 
tian life She leaves three sons and one daughter, 
the home of her son, Eld. Chas. L. Baker, by EMi 
J M. Danner and W. G. Group, and i 
house. Burial in adjoining cemetery.— J 
Berlin, Pa. 

Barklow Benjamin Franklin, son Of John and Nancy Barklow, was 
born in Keokuk County, Iowa, Aug. 21, 1869. He moved with his 
parents to Coos County. Oregon, in 1872, and settled in the Coquille 
Vallev when it was a wilderness. He grew up among the early 
settlers and attended the public school-all that was possible for a 
ited with the Church of the Brethren at 
vas married to Sister Emma Bonewitz, 

ilication of 
member of 
able Chris- 
vices from 
S. Miller, 
Mummcrt meeting- 
V. A. Keeney, East 


At this writing touring is the order of the day. 

pioneer community. He 

the age of sixteen. Hi 

daughter of Eld. John 

sons and three daughti 

He was called to the n 

ful to his calling until 

about eight years ago 

a long sick spell two ye; 

He died near Montague 

months. He leaves a wife, three sons 

brothers; one half brother preceded hii 

three full brothers and one half-sister. 


s; one daughter preceded 1 
nistry in September, 1898. 1 
the summons came to hirr 
j the Shasta Valley, Califo. 
s ago from which he 
Calif., Dec. 21, 1925, aged 56 
:. three sons and two daughters, two half- 
l four years; he also leaves 
i body was brought back 

in death, 
was faith- 
He moved 
. He had 
fully recovered. 



before the evangelists go into the district they usually 
have an institute with their workers. In this way Bro. 
Summer at Umalla spent a very profitable time. Also 
Bro. Miller at Anklesvar, and Bro. Blough at Vyara. 
The institute at Dahanu was held before our Mission Con- 
ference, as was also the joint meeting of Jalalpur and 
Bulsar. Bro. Forney has had a severe attack of influenza 
which began during the Missionary Conference and lasted 
for several days, leaving him very weak, and under or- 
ders from the doctor not to go into the district till after 

About the institute at Vyara Bro. Blough writes that 
it continued from Nov. 7 to 30. Four class periods a day, 
and services at night. Four Indian brethren did most 
of the teaching, with Bro. Blough giving special assistance 
at night. Vishrambhai, the Children's Missioner, from 
the I. P. Mission, was present for eight days and gave 
splendid help. 

The institute closed the 28th with a love feast. About 
350 communed. Twenty-six were baptized; two deacons- 
were elected. 

Brother and Sister Kaylor went out soon after the 
Missionary Conference on the Vada side from where they 
report a kindly reception for themselves and the Word. 

where he 

The writer used the 

the Norway cemetery.— Leander 

Point. The funeral wa: 
confessed and was 'called to the 
text found in 1 Cor. 15: 6. Burial n 
Smith, Myrtle Point, Ore. 
Bauer, Michael Wm., died Dec. 28, 1925, at his home in Marion. 
of David and Dorothy Bauer, and 


i. Over half 
here twenty- 
Scranton. When 
Center Street he 
val conducted in 

Marysvilk, Ohio. His age was S3 

father and mother preceded him several years ago. 

of a family of four children; two brothers preceded hi 

of his life was spent in the city of Marion, 

nine years ago. July 23, 1899, he married Mi 

the Church of the Brethren opened a miss 

attended the services regularly and during a revivs 

1913 he gave his heart and life to his Savior and 

He was a faithful member of the Church of the urciurcu. tic 

Was stricken with paralysis and for the last six years he was 

not able to work. Nov. 22 he had another stroke and took to his 

bed, growing gradually weaker. He leaves his wife, one son, one 

daughter, one stepson, two sisters and four grandchildren. Services 

at the First Church of the Brethren by the writer. Interment in 

Marion cemetery.— Ralph R. Hatton, Marion, Ohio. 

Bond, Mary E., daughter of R. T. and Phiana Myers, born in 
McVeytown, Pa., died in Porto Rico, Nov. 28, 1925, aged 41 years, 
6 months and 14 days. She leaves her husband, three sons, one 
sister, two brothers, father and mother. She had visited her parents 
in October. Burial in Porto Rico.— Mrs. Ira Masemore, McVeytown, 

... Brethren Church 
Dec. 10. He married Mai 
1922. There were six son 
the Bible teaches and liv 
J. M. Foster and Eld. M. 
near by— H. F. Sours 

Coffman, Sister Sara: 
died at her home neai 
years, 21 days. . Dec. 23 
preceded her thirteen : 
died in infancy. She 
number of years ago. 
church. Interment in 1 
stock, Va. 

Dunmirc, Emma (Rupert), wife of Geo. W. Dunmirc, of Mifflin 
County, Pa., died Dec. 8, 1925, aged about 63 years. Death was 
caused by being severely burned ten days before. She leaves seven 
sons four daughters and her husband, twenty-three grandchildren 
and one brother. She was a member of the Spring Run church where 
she was faithful in attendance. It was always her pleasure to 
some one who was in need. All the family attended the 
; Run church and Sunday-school from childhood and have all 
baptized into the church and are active workers, 
from the home of her son by Bro. J. 
church. Burial in the adjoining cemetery.- 
McVeytown, Pa. 

Eisenhart, Sister Katie Baker, died at her home near East Berlin, 
Pa Dec 22 1925, aged 44 years, 3 months and 16 days. She was a 
member of the Church of the Brethren. .She suffered from malignant 
cancer for more than two years and was always very patient. She 
leaves her husband, four sons, three daughters and one brother. 
Services at the Mummert meetinghouse by Elders C. L. Baker and 
S. S. Miller. Burial in adjoining cemetery.— Mrs. W. A. Keeney, 
East Berlin, Pa. 

Garst, Thomas Chester, son of David and Anna Mary Bashore- 
Garst, 'was born near Jonesboro, Tenn. He was the youngest of 
a family of four children, three sons and one daughter, all of 
whom have now gone to rest. After a short illness he died Dec. 18, 
1925 having lived 77 years, 6 months and 7 days. Bro. Garst was 
united in marriage in 1873 to Mary Crouch. To this union were 
born two sons, one of whom died in infancy. His wife died in 1881 
On May 17, 1883, he was united in marriage to Julia Catherine 
Bacon, who died March 17, 1916. To this union were born eight 
children During his last illness he was tenderly nursed by his 
daughter, Anna, in her home in Wichita. At an early age he 
became a Christian and was active i 
a layman and a minister in the Chu 
Christian Church. Twenty-five years of his most active life were 
spent preaching, teaching public school and farming. He loved 
his family and did not neglect their training educationally nor 
spiritually. He read and studied much. His favorite study wa:. 
the Bible. The outstanding principles of character of Bro. Garst's 
life were honesty, thoroughness, courage and an unyielding loyalty 
to his convictions of truth and right. Funeral services conducted 
by the writer, assisted by Judge Haymaker, a friend of the de- 
ceased, and Rev. Rodgers, of the Baptist church of Wichita— E. 
F. Sherfy, Wichita, Kans. 

Graybill, Bro. Benj. Z., of Penryn, Pa., died Nov. 14. 1925, of com- 
plications aged 81 years, 8 months and 19 days. He died at the 
home of his niece, Mrs. Theo. Myers, of North Canton, Ohio, where 
he had gone on a visit nine weeks previous. He was a member 
of the Church of the Brethren for many years. He is survived by 
two sisters. His wife preceded him six years ago and a daughter, 
an only child, eighteen months ago. Services at the Graybill house 
by the home ministers. Interment in adjoining cemetery.— Mrs. 
Chas. D. Cassel, Manheim. Pa. 

Graybill, Lois Ola, daughter of Irvin D. and Nora Graybill. died 
of diphtheria Dec. 6, 1925, aged 1 year and 8 months. Services at 
the home by Bro. W. M. Kahle. Burial in the TroutviMe cemetery.— 
Frankie Showalter, Troutvillc, Va. 

Harlacher, Bro. Jacob, born near Dayton, Ohio, died Dec. 13, 1925. 
at the home of his daughter, Mrs. David Helman. near Pleasant 
Hill Ohio aged 84 years, 9 months and 10 days. He was the son 
of Samuel and Eva Wolf Harlacher. Jan. 14, 1864, he married 
Catharine Barnhart. There were five children, all of whom arc 
living. His wife preceded him Nov. 6, 1914. In early married 
life he gave his heart and life to Jesus, uniting with the Church 
of the Brethren and living a Christian life. Services in the Pleasant 
Hill church by the pastor, Eld. J. C. Flora, assisted by Eld. Geo. 
Mohler The body was placed in the mausoleum, Highland ceme- 
tery, Covington— Mrs. J. C. Flora, Pleasant Hill, Ohio. 

Hickey, Wallace Samuel, born on a farm near Whitesville, Mo., 
died Jan. 3, 1926, aged 55 years, 10 months and 11 days. At the 
age of twenty he went to Belleville, Kans. He married Annettie 
Gooch Feb. 1, 1891. They returned to Missouri and to Mountain 
Grove in 1905,'where they have since resided. He became ill Dec. 28 
and was to go to Springfield for an operation but died before ar- 
riving at the hospital. He is survived by his wife and four 
children one brother and three sisters. Services by Eld. J. W. 
Sala, at the Mountain Grove church. Interment fn the Greenwood 
cemetery.— Mrs. J. M. Neher, Mountain Grove. Mo. 

Kile, Sister Delilah, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Levi Neterer, horn 
in Blair County, Ohio, June 13. 1855, died 
home, aged 76 years, 6 months and 4 days— BI; 


Kimmel, Mable Steele, born near Woo 
aged 38 years, 3 months and 3 days. 
Christ as her Savior and has been a 
Church of the Brethren. Dec. 31, 1911, 
There were three sons and two daught. 
McLouth, Kans., till Sept. 
in Empire, 


Boyer, Kathrine Joh: 
1846, died Jan. 2, 1926, 
Pennsylvania to Wi 
She married Ezra Boy. 
home near Lena. There were three s 
husband, two sons and one daughte 
one son, one daughter, a brother and 

:th hei 
Feb. 23. 18 

.ion County, Pa., Sept. 15, 
Lena, 111. She moved from 
ents during her later teens, 
nd they always made their 
s and two daughters. Her 
preceded her. She leaves 
ne sister. She united with 

Church of the Brethren in 1664, and was always a faithful child 
of God, supporting the work of the church in every way. She 

er, Ohio, died Dec. 13, 1925, 

Early in life she accepted 

:onsecrated member of the 

he married Walter Kimmel. 

s. Her home had been in 

when they came to make their home 

Empire church by the writer, assisted 



White.-Leo H. Miller. Empire, Calif. 

Krimmel, Bro. Raymond, son of Mr. and Mrs. Charles Krimmel, of 
near Sumneytown, Montgomery County, Pa., died Dec. 22, 1925, from 
blood poisoning, aged 20 years, 2 months and 6 days. He is sur- 
vived by his parents, three sisters and three brothers. The 
funeral was held in the Indian Creek Brethren Church, with inter- 
ment in the' adjoining cemetery, Brethren James B. Shisler and 
Abram A. Price conducting the services.— Mathias P. Landis, Vern- 
field, Pa. 

Lentz, Aaron, son of George and Catherine Lentz, born in Mont- 
gomery County, Ohio, died Dec. 17, 1925, aged 63 years and A days 
He was the fifth child of a family of thirteen children. Dec. 28. 
1884, he married Laura Erbaugh. He joined the Church of tbe 
Brethren about forty-two years ago and was faithful until the 
end, serving as deacon for almost twenty years. He lived a quiet, 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 23, 1926 


consistent Christian life. One daughter preceded him. He leaves 
j,is wife, four daughters, one son, fifteen grandchildren, five sisters 
a ,id five brothers. Services at the Bear Creek church by Elders 
p. M. Garver and Parker M. Filbrun.— Maudie W. Filbrun, Day- 
ton, Ohio. 

Lockett, Nora E„ nee Winchefl, was born in Howard, S. Dak.. 
c,ept 13, 1893; died in Ottumwa, Iowa, Dec. 16, 1925. She was mar- 
ried to R. A. Lockett Nov. 2, 1914. She united with the Church 
f the Brethren about one year ago, and lived a faithful Christian 
life. She is survived by her husband, two cbddren, four brothers 
and two sisters. Funeral services in the Ottumwa church, by the 
writer. Interment in Shaul cemetery. — W. H. Browcr, Ottumwa, Iowa. 

- of Jai 

cs M. and Mary J. Bcckner. 
nths and 24 days. She was 
They served in the deacon's 
:e Horn, of which she had 

She i 

: grandchild™ 

at White H. 

White Horn a 

Letery.— S. H. 

McFerrin, Lurinda J., daught* 
died Dec. 6, 1925, aged 71 years, 10 r 
married in 1873 to Bro. S. D. McFerrii 
office in the Brethren church at W 
been a faithful member for forty -fiv 
her husband, one son, one daughter, 
(the writer), and one sister. Scrvict 
Eld. A. E. Need. Intern 
Beckner, Bullsgap, Tenn. 

McKenny, Ionian A., born in Michigan, died Nov. 14, 1925, of 
cancer of the stomach, after an illness of four months, aged 55 
years. He was for seven years a teacher of the men's Bible class 
of the Fulton Avenue congregation, Baltimore, Md. He is survived 
by his widow and one son. Some years ago he was ordained as a 
minister of the Gospel by the Baptist Association. His special work 
was the evangelistic field and many souls confessed Christ as their 
Savior through his labors. He was an apt Bible student, a force- 
ful preacher and evangelist, Bible class teacher and Christian busi- 
ness man. Services by the writer at the home. Burial in Mount 
Peace cemetery, Philadelphia.— A. L. B. Martin, Baltimore, Md. 

Merritt, Bro. Harry, born in Thurmont, Md., died in the Maryland 
General Hospital, Nov. 25, 1925, from blood poison, aged 46 years. 
He was a member of the Fulton Avenue Church of the Brethren 
for a number of years. He is survived by his widow, one son and 
three daughters, his mother, one sister and five brothers. Services 
by the writer at the home. Interment in the Baltimore cemetery. — 
A. L. B. Martin, Baltimore, Md. 

Myers, Mrs. Cora, wife of Clinton Myers, died at her bome near 
York Springs, Pa., Nov. 22, 1925, of pneumonia, aged 47 years, 11 
months. She was a member of the Bcrmudian Reformed church. 
She leaves her husband, two sons and one daughter. Services 
at the Reformed church by Eld. C. L. Baker. Burial in adjoining 
cemetery.— Mrs. W. A. Keeney, East Berlin, Pa. 

Niswongcr, Mary, died Jan. 4, 1926, aged 81 years and 8 days. 
She married Martin Niswonger March 9, 1869. There were eight 
children; two daughters and four sons survive with two step- 
daughters and one stepson, fifty-two grandchildren and fifteen great- 
grandchildren. She was converted early in life, uniting with the 
Church of the Brethren in which faith and service her heart delighted. 

Her civ 
D. M. 


:h life was a real joy I 
Jarver, Trotwood, Ohio. 
s, Bro. Benj. Franklin, b 
30, 1925, aged 63 years, 11 
Dec. 30, 1686, to Lottie I 

ago. He is survived by 
seven grandchildren. He . 
locating at Laton and later 

, to Other; 

at Bowling Green, Ohio, died 
:hs and 23 days. He was mar- 
it ley, .who preceded him seven 
iisters, five sons, five daughters 
to California twenty -one years 
he Santa Ana congregation. He 
ted with the church while quite young. He was stricken two 
I a half years ago with palsy. The immediate cause of his 
th was cancer. He bore his suffering with Christian fortitude, 
vices at Fullcrton by Eld. O. V. Long, assisted by Rev. Ralph 
clhead, of the Nazarene church. Interment in Loma Vista ceme- 
y. — Iva Carl, Santa Ana, Calif. 

Rohrer, John, son of Frederick a; 
1847, died Dec. 24, 1925, at his hon 
had been in failing health for som 
Shank, of Dayton, Ohio, Sept. 26, 1 
He united with the Church of thi 
loyal member. He leaves his wife, one soi 
Services from the Pipe Creek church by Eld 
ment in the cemetery near by. — Martha O. Hi 

Sarah Rohrer, born Feb. 9, 
near Bunker Hill, Ind. He 
ime. He married Mary Ann 
I. There were three children. 
Brethren in 1871 and was a 
one son and one grandson. 
Nead. Inter- 
Peru, Ind. 
in Shenandoah County, Va.. 
r Columbia Furnace, Va., Dec. 
.ed Dillman M. Sine. There were 
husband, two daughters and five 
sons. She united with the Church of the Brethren a number of 
years ago. Services by the writer at Columbia Furnace church. 
Interment in the cemetery near by.— L. M. Helsley, Woodstock, Va. 
Stauffer, Bro. Velles C, son of Mrs. Priscilla Stauffer, died at 
the home of his mother at Vernfield, Montgomery County, Pa., 
Dec. 30, 1925, of dropsy and complications, aged 52 years, 5 months 
and 26 days. Bro. Stauffer was able to follow his daily work until 
within about two weeks of his death, which came as a great shock 
to his many friends throughout the community in which he resided 

Sine, Sister 


arah Cathcri 

May 18, 1869, 


ed at her h 

27, 1925. Apr 


, 1892, she 

eight children 

She leaves 

practically all his life. He 

.nd thr< 



vived by his mother, four 

Indian Creek Brethren Chui 


In these days when every organization must justify its existence, it is well to examine the 
reasons for our church organization. Why should there be a Church of the Brethren? What 
reasons has it for existence? 

In the words of Paul, " Be ready to give a reason for the faith within you." The following 
books will give reasons for our faith and practice as well as tracing the events that led to the 
present form and practice of the Church. 

conducted by Elders J. B. Shisler and R. H. Brumbaugh, 
with interment in the adjoining cemetery.— Mathias P. Landis, Vern- 
field, Pa. 

Sunderland, Martin Theo., fifteen-months-old son of Harold and 
Clara (Winkler) Sunderland, died at his parents' home near Vine- 
yard Station, Dec. 30, 1925. He is survived by father, mother and 
two brothers. Services from the home by Bro. L. W. Ruble. Burial 
in the Spring Run cemetery.— Mrs. Ira Masemore, McVeytown, Pa. 
Thomas, Marian Lyle, daughter of Walter C. and Marian L. 
Thomas, died Dec. 28, 1925, aged 14 years, 6 months and 25 days. 
She leaves her parents and three brothers. She was a member of 
the Church of the Brethren for about four years and was helpful 
and faithful. Services in the church by Bro. Geo. C. Car!.— Mrs, 
Vinna Bowman, Hermosa Beach, Calif. 

Urmey, Wm. Henry, son of Samuel and Mary Urmey, born in 
Darke County, Ohio, died at the St. Elizabeth Hospital, Dayton. 
Ohio, Nov. 16, 1925, aged 52 years, 9 months and 2 days. He mar- 
ried Bertha Ann Conover in 1901. There were two sons and one 
daughter. He gave his heart to God in 1901 and united with the 
Church of the Brethren at Bear Creek, later locating in the Trot- 
wood congregation, at which place his membership was held at 
the time of his death. He leaves his wife, two sons, one daughter, 
his father, three sisters and one brother. Services in the Trot- 
. wood church by the pastor.— D. M. Garver, Trotwood, Ohio. 
I Welty, Frances, daughter of David and Susan Beeghly, born in 
Montgomery County, Ohio, died near the place of her birth Dec. 
30, 1925, aged 71 years, 3 months and 13 days. She married Francis 
M. Ullery, Sept. 5, 1873. There were four children, one having pre- 
ceded the mother. March 2, 1880, the husband died. She married Chas. 
Welty in 1883. They had one daughter. Her conversion took place 
m 1883, and she united with the Church of the Brethren, in which 
faith she remained. She leaves her husband and children, five 
grandchildren and five great-grandchildren. Services at the Ft. 
McKinley church by the writer and E. S. Petry.— D. M. Garver, 
Trotwood, Ohio. 

Wilson, Elizabeth Anne, daughter of Wm. and Lydia Trostle. 
JjOrn near McKnightstown, Pa., died at her home in New Windsor. 
Md., April 1, 1925, aged 81 years. 11 months and 7 days. She was 
an especially devoted member of the Church of the Brethren for 
■nore than sixty years. During this period she several times called 
'or and received the anointing. In the year 1862 she married Jesse 
T- Wilson, of Carroll County. Md.. who preceded her in July, 1887. 
There , were seven children, two of wfiom died in childhood and 
'wo in manhood; two daughters and a son survive with a grand- 
daughter. Funeral at the old home church, Sams Creek, where she 
"ad worshiped so many years, and where her husband at the time 
of his death held the office of deacon. Services by Brethren Kinsey 
and Bixler. Interment in Sams Creek cemetery .-Mrs. W. T. Wilson. 
Westminster, Md 

By Kurtz, Blough, and Ellis. 

The first section by Dr. Kurtz of McPherson 
College gives a brief suggestive treatment of the 
fundamental doctrines of the Bible. A well 
studied presentation of the Bible teaching about 
God, Christ, the Holy Spirit, Man, Sin, etc., etc. 

The second section by Elder Blough brings to- 
gether the teaching of the Bible regarding the 
" ordinances " of the church, treating Baptism, 
Feet-washing, The Lord's Supper, The Commun- 
ion, etc. 

The third part by Dr. Eliis is intensely prac- 
tical in its relation to everyday living. Prin- 
ciples, amply attested by God's Word, are set 
forth for the right ordering of life. A person, 
following the principles outlined here, will grow 
"to the full stature of a man in Christ Jesus." 


John S. Flory, Ph. D. 

The author has done the church a fine service 
in making a scholarly study of the literary activ- 
ity of the Brethren during the first century of 
their existence. It is a book that you need to 
read and keep for reference. Literary Activity 
of the Church of the Brethren in the Eighteenth 
Century is itself a notable contribution to the 
church literature of the present century. 


S. N. McCann, Author of "The Beatitudes." 

The spirit and purpose of this little book are 
best indicated in the words of the author: "The 
volume grew out of my fruitless efforts to justify 
myself by mere works. These efforts led me to a 
more careful study of the Word of God and thus 
to better light." The author concludes that one 
must depend wholly and sincerely upon Christ 
for justification, while still faithfully obeying all 
his commands. 


J. H. Moore. 

This is one of the best books on the doctrines 
of the church that have ever been printed. The 
author is a master at clear and interesting expo- 
sition. His reputation as a concise and able ex- 
positor is fully sustained by this book. 



Otho Winger. 

Feeling the need in his classes in Manchester 
College of a book that would give adequately and 
yet at not too great length th ■ leading facts of 
the history of our church and a statement of her 
doctrines, Elder Otho Winger prepared this book. 
The history of the church is traced from its origin 
at Schwarzenau in Germany, to the Becker Bi- 
centennial Conference. Especial attention is given 
to the troubled times just preceding the division 
of the church. The chapters on church doctrine 
-are especially valuable. Completely indexed with 
bibliography for further study. Cloth binding. 


C. F. Yoder, A. B., B. D. 

A discussion of the various helps divinely given 
as aids to Christian character and a plea for 
fidelity to their scriptural form and purpose. 
Prof. Haines, of Juniata 'College, says, "I know 
of no work outside of the Bible itself that should 
prove more helpful and 
and earnest seeker aft sr truth." 631 
Bound in silk finish cloth ' 

directive to the sincere 
with gilt titles. 



D. H. Zigler. 

The author covers briefly the story of the be- 
ginning of the church in the old country and its 
establishment in America until the founding of 
churches in Virginia. The history of the church 
in Virginia is presented in illuminating detail. 
Many portraits and biographical sketches add 
value to the work. An especially welcome vol- 
ume to all interested in the Virginia church. 

QUINTER, $1-00 

Mary N. Quinter. 

Elder James Quinter was in his time an editor, 
an educator and an eloquent minister. However, 
it is not simply because he was sometime editor 
of The Gospel Messenger and President of Juni- 
ata College that he is best remembered, Bro. 
Quinter lived the kind of Christian life that will 
ever, because of its sheer beauty and purity, be 
an inspiration to those who have in the past or 
may in the future come to know of him. 

This volume contains a brief and fascinating 
sketch of Bro. Quinter's life, some tributes and 
memorial sketches and forty of his best sermons. 


Artistic Cloth, $1-50 

Half Leather, Gilt Top, 2.50 

At the Bicentennial Conference in 190S two 
centuries of church activity and progress were 
celebrated. Twenty-four addresses covering 
practically the whole field of church history were 
delivered. These were later collected and print- 
ed in a handsome volume entitled: Two Cen- 
turies of the Church of the Brethren. The book 
is a work of great historical importance. It is 
embellished with twenty-five full-page photo- 
gravure portraits of the speakers at the Bicen- 
tennial Conference. 

Mrs. M. B. Garrett and Wm. Beery. 

The authors have made a long study of hym- 
nology and the history of hymns. In this volume 
they have brought out the treasures they have 
found in their long, arduous search. They treat 
about 250 of the well-known hymns and Gospel 
songs. Sure to be helpful to the minister in his 
selection of hymns and to the chorister in the 
proper rendering of them. 


D. L. Miller and Galen B. Royer. 

The authors have rendered an important serv- 
ice of love in collecting and editing for the 
church a wealth of historical material that would 
otherwise have been widely scattered and per- 
haps completely lost. The volume contains brief 
sketches of the lives of more than fifty brethren 
who have been church leaders in the past. In 
addition there are reproductions of many rare 
photographs for the first time made generally 


Each, 10c; p»r Joz., $1 

S. Z. Sharp. 

A concise and logical treatment of New Testa- 
ment baptism. A booklet in which every word 
counts. References are given in order that the 
reader may be fully equipped to meet any ques- 
tion on New Testament baptism. 

Elgin, Illinois 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 23, 1926 


Messenger Radiograms 

Homer F. Sanger— 

The Gospel Messenger is one of the greatest forces for unity 
in our church. It is the' message of all the church to all the church. 
It is a weekly exponent of safe and sane ideals. I have read it for more 
than a third of a century. 

Jno. S. Flory — 

No Christian home can afford to be without its church paper. 
We need it as a corrective to offset the scandal, scoffings and sala- 
cious stories that find their way to our reading tables in spite of 
everything We need it to keep us in touch with Christian ideals 
and right standards of living. We must have it in order to keep 
informed about the policies and activities of the church, and in or- 
der that we may have an intelligent interest in its work. 

E. B. Hoff— 

The Gospel Messenger and predecessors have been welcome vis- 
itors in our home from my earliest recollections. No one will ever 
know how much the influence of such wholesome instruction means in 
the family circle. 

W. W. Peters— 

I cannot conceive of a healthy religious growth apart from loyalty 
to one's denominational interests and activities. Nothing produces more 
interest in an institution than knowledge of its program of service, its 
expressions of principles and ideals, and its visions for future develop- 
ment. The Gospel Messenger is as indispensable to me as a member 
of the Church of the Brethren as my journals of education are to me 
as a teacher. I cannot remember when the Gospel Messenger has not 
been in my home; and personally, I feel it should be in each home in 
the Brotherhood. I prize most highly the editorials, the news and the 

D. W. Kurtz— 

I appreciate my church paper the Gospel Messenger more than 
any other magazine that comes to my home. It is the first one to be 
read and finished before others are considered. I do not see how any 
one who is a member of the church can do without it. One of the joys 
of my life is the fellowship with the church as a whole through our 
splendid paper. We cannot hope to keep alive a ' wholesome spirit of 
church loyajty and cooperation without; a weekly contact with the pulse 
of the church, which is so splendidly given us through the Gospel 
Messenger. I appreciate its value and advise everyone to subscribe 
for it and to read it. 

Sam'l H. Hertzler— 

In the secular realm a man's politics is largely the outcome of the 
literature he reads. He may hear a political speech occasionally but the 
paper comes daily. Moreover the " daily " determines the kind of 
political speech he goes to hear. What is true concerning the moulding 
of our political views is many fold more true regarding our religious 
ideals. In these days when the public press, which comes to all our 
homes, is owned and controlled by modernists it becomes of the utmost 
importance that the religious literature of our faith be in every home 
of the church. In this matter elders and pastors can assist not only 
by urging their members to subscribe, but by calling attention, in the 
preaching service to well written articles in the Messenger, thus awak- 
ening a desire on the part of members to investigate for themselves, 
which results in a volunteer instead of a drafted subscriber. 

No wonder the Gospel Messenger has more readers compared 
to total church membership than any other denominational paper. 

Subscribe today for The Gospel Messenger 

Brethren Publishing House, 

Enclosed please find twp 
"Messenger" for one year. 

Elgin, Illinois : 
dollars tor which 




me the I 

! P. S. Please send 

; should be taking the 
; <3f the church. 

us the names and addresses of 
" Messenger." Place an X befor 


r m b es r 

s or fr 

of the 

ends who 





C. S. Ikenberry — 

The daily press is a mighty factor in moulding- public sentiment. 
This accepted fact is a proof of the educational value of our church 
paper. The Gospel Messenger is the publication of our church that 
creates and fosters church loyalty. Th,e editorials and the notes from 
correspondents keep us acquainted with each other and hence give us 
a keen sympathy in each other's welfare. The contributors' forum has 
a double' value in that it both solicits our interest in church doctrines 
and presents valuable suggestions on church polity. The Messenger 
is a unifying force in our Brotherhood. 

M. W. Emmert — 

Since starting our own home more than a quarter of a century ago, 
wife and I have not passed one month without the Gospel Messenger. 
We would no more think of going without our church paper than 
we would of going without church services. No home is complete 
without the influence which the church makes upon it: and one of 
the most fruitful ways of bringing church influence to bear upon the 
home is through reading the church paper. It is hard, to see how one 
can be loyal to his church without reading the official organ of his 

Ralph W. Miller- 
Fancy if you can or will a physician without his medical jour- 
nals, a lawyer without his legal briefs, a farmer without his mar- 
ket returns, a business man without his trade reports, and you 
have a composite photograph of a Christian without his church 
■ periodicals. 

F. F. Holsopple — 

There is no sacrifice too great to make in order that the Messenger 
may > come regularly to your home. Parents and children owe it to 
themselves to keep in touch with their church — the greatest power 
for good in the world. In planning your expenditures for the coming 
year let the first $2.00 be set aside for the Gospel Messenger. 

H. K. Ober— 

No one has yet invented a yard stick by which we can measure 
the silent influence of the Christian press for constructive living. The 
Christian press is performing an indispensable service to the home and 
to the church. Only that which we see in others or what is experienced 
vicariously through the printed page can by our choice be a part of 
us. The subtle influence of the ideal has never been measured. Ideals 
are largely determined by the type of reading that a person does. Who 
is able to measure the importance of proper thought life? A clean, 
clear thought life is essential. The best way for increasing thought life 
is to mingle with the quiet guests who speak to us through books and 
periodicals. Let no one miss this j choice fellowship of exceptional 
friends through these sources. 

T. T. Myers — 

I have always been a reader of our church paper. I do not see 
how I could do without it. It came into my -father's home and had 
much to do, I think, with all the children coming into the church at an 
early age. There is much trashy and unwholesome literature today. 
To counteract this influence it is necessary to bring into our homes and 
churches a literature of a high religious and spiritual character. I con- 
sider the Gospel Messenger an able, clean, wholesome church paper. 
It ought to be very widely read. 

D. H. Zigler— 

I am free to say that I regard the Gospel Messenger worthy a 
place in any home. Its clean, wholesome pages wield a silent but power- 
ful influence in upbuilding Christian character. We would not like to 
do without its helpful visits in our home. As members of the church 
we are interested in becoming acquainted through its columns with 
those we have not yet seen. Although thousands of miles may separate 
us, we may jointly read its pages, observe the great program of the 
church as it appears week by week and unitedly study the problems 
before us. Thus we are drawn closer together in our spiritual life. 
Team work is made practical and greater good is accomplished in the 
Master's name. It would be better if all* of us were readers of the 
Gospel Messenger. 

R. H. Miller— 

I cannot see how any member of the Church of the Brethren can 
afford to be without the Gospel Messenger. The editorials are among 
the sanest and keenest which it is my privilege to read. The reports 
from churches, schools, conferences and personal items are most help- 
ful in keeping alive that family spirit for which the Church of the 
Brethren has been noted. No leader nor layman can keep posted on the 
church's activities in missions, education and evangelism without this 
official organ of the Brotherhood. You, as a member of the church, 
should be a subscriber to the Gospel Messenger, not only for the 
good it will bring to 'you, but for the higher standard of excellence 
which your support will make possible. 



The Gospel Messenger 

THY KINGDOM COME "— m.u. e : io ; Lu k e n t 2 

"Till we all attain unto ... the 
the fulness of Christ."— Eph. 4: 13. 

Vol. 75 

Elgin, III., January 30, 1926 

No. 5 

In This Number 


The Foundations of Peace— No. 5. (H. A. B.) 65 

The Big and Little in God's World (H. A. B.) 65 

The Moral Eagerness of Youth (H. A. B.), 65 

Among the Churches 72 

Around the World, 73 

The 'Quiet Hour (R, H. M.) 73 

Our Forward Movement — 

The Stewardship Study Class, 68 

Why Arc We Crippled? 68 

Helpful Suggestions 68 

Encourage Simplicity. By Edith Lockridgc Reid, 68 

General Forum— 

I.ove Expels Doubt (Poem), 66 

Age and Youth in the Church. By David Metzfer 66 

Brethren's Aid Societies. By H. M. Coppock, 66 

The Old Jew Who Quit Making Money.— Part 3. By " 


Christ and World Brotherhood.— N< 
"The Moral Equivalent for War. 1 


The Pastor's Study— 

Our Present Ministerial Situation. By S. G. Fahnestock 70 

The Ministerial Board. By S. J. Miller, 70 

The Pastor"s Challenge.— No. 3. By Walter McDonald Kahlc, ..70 

;iome and Family- 
Lost Brothers of the Alleghanies (Poem). By lames A. Sell, ..71 

Common and Uncommon. By A. V. Sager, 71 

That Legacy of Greatest Value. By Grace Hileman Miller, ..71 
A Few thoughts on Prayer. By H, P. Brinkworth, 71 



The Foundations of Peace 

5. The Spirit for a New Order 

What should be the spirit for a new order of so- 
ciety in which the race may be assured of continued 
progress? Shall it be the spirit of conflict or the 
spirit of cooperation? If the new order- is to be 
reached through a stabilization of population, which 
i ffers most by the law of population pressure : the 
\iay of war or the way of peace? 

Those who lived through the World War will re- 
call how every ounce of energy was drafted and con- 
sumed toward the consummation of one purpose. 
America went into the conflict to win. Those were 
days in which men did not stop to deliberate ; it was 
a time for action. The few who objected, or who 
smuggled with nascent convictions were speedily si- 
lenced either by an early order to the front or by 
quiet years in prison. The inherent tendency of war, 
because of the life and death issues which it raises, 
is to fuse varied interests into one central purpose — - 
the winning of the conflict. 

Now if population pressure tends to vary inversely 
as the sum of the interest factors in life, the whole 
force of war must be toward a narrow primeval order 
in which the gains of science, if not actually prosti- 
tuted to man's destruction, are at best little more than 
a basis for population increases in the lower levels 
of society. But how can war raise population pressure 
when it slays not only the soldier at the front but as 
well the broken-hearted and the fatherless at home? 
War reduces population ; by what paradox can it 
produce overpopulation ? It has already been indicated 
that overpopulation is essentially a matter of the 
ratio between men and the means of subsistence. 
And war reduces the means of subsistence because it 
retards production, diverts energy to destructive ends 
and so narrows the interests of life that the whole 
thrust of population pressure is toward the starvation 
dead line. During the World War infant mortality 
rates went up and birth rates went down because of 
a sudden and terrific population pressure induced by 
the wastes of war. It could not well be otherwise 
when with every life destroyed men were wiping out 
from two to five times its capital value — and this from 
the capital reserve of society. Why has the American 
dollar stuck at two-thirds of its prewar purchasing 
value? It is mainly because the world's supply of the 
means of subsistence has been so curtailed by the 
destructive processes of war that even in America it 

still requires about $1.50 to buy what $1.00 would 
have bought in 1913. If there is any further doubt in 
the reader's mind relative to war's effects upon popu- 
lation pressure he is respectfully referred to the starv- 
ing hordes in Russia and the Near East in want 
today because the equilibrium between men and food 
was so gravely altered by the war. Hence, in the 
measure that the well-being of man depends upon a 
stabilized population with an ascending scale of well- 
being, war fails as the spirit of a new day. 

Now what is the relation of peace to the law of 
population pressure? Does it offer more than war as _ 
a stabilizer of population to the end that the gifts of 
science may be more and more used to the liberation 
and elevation of worthy types of men? The story of 
the increase, stabilization and even decline in num- 
bers for families of the original American stocks is 
our clearest answer to the long run effects of peace 
and prosperity on population pressure. Generally it 
takes from three to four generations for new stock to 
come to equilibrium under American conditions if 
exposed to the full effects of our much higher standard 
of living. Thus the multiplication of the interests of 
life, in America, for example, has profoundly in- 
fluenced population pressure toward stabilization, and 
seems to do so irrespective of the stock concerned. 

Indeed, a rising standard of well-being, such as 
might be conditioned by world-wide peace and coopera- 
tion, promises far more than war as a population sta- 
bilizer. In the long run, the question might well come 
to be, not will peace as it tends to multiply the in- 
terests of life serve to control population pressure; 
but, rather, may it not prove too effective? This possi- 

, bility is suggested because die-back at the top is a 
dreaded characteristic of highly civilized societies. 
That is, the types of stock which have the greatest 
social value tend to flower and die out as they rise 
in the scale of well-being and usefulness. The Presi- 
dents of the United States have not been conspicuous 
as men of families, although from the social point 
of view the lines they might have founded would have 
been immensely more valuable to society than the 
sons of average men, to say nothing of the Jukes and 
the Kallikaks. Because of the prevalence of die-back 

1 at the top the nation is struggling under an increasing 
load of wastrels and parasites. Everywhere the pru- 
dent, the energetic and the capable are being penalized 
for their finest contributions to society. If such a 
paradox were possible, the burden of taxation should 
fall upon the profligate and the criminal. But such is 
impossible, and so the' man who saves and increases 
social capital is being made to slave for the most worth- 
less element in our population. The ethical interests 
of the race doubtless demand that mercy be extended 
to weaklings and offenders, but there is no sound 
reason in any science why we should seemingly make 
a special effort-' to conserve and breed the poorest 
strains of men. If it is good ethics for society to save 
life to the uttermost, as she is doing today, then it 
must also follow that society has a right to say that 
those who but promise to increase her burdens shall 
not be permitted to reproduce their kind. If this is 
not done the salt of leadership will fail, the light of 
genius will dim, and a new dark ages will come. 

Hence there is a real need for a social check on the 
increase of men who belong to the worthless strains. 
And such a restraint will relieve the drag on the upper 
classes, giving them a chance to increase and mother 
their own children in place of wasting energy on 
stuff that should never have been born. With the 
proper social restraint on the increase of antisocial 
types the way of peace promises a stabilization of 
population which should enable worthy men in all 

nations to greatly free themselves toward the attain- 
ment of the heritage that is justly theirs. 

In considering the foundations of peace what we 
have tried to show is that overpopulation is a live 
international problem that had best be faced in a 
spirit of cooperation. War is not a solution. Peace 
promises vastly more. Indeed, it is high time that 
the nations develop the utmost possibilities of the 
council table in order that they may plan together for 
the future. The tendency in world relations today is 
toward the increase of friction because nations are 
no longer isolated and self-sufficient entities. Now 
they are neighbors and their interests are common. 
The nations of the world must cooperate or face the 
terrors and losses of a warring household. 

There is plenty of slack between the world's present 
population and its possible population capacity to allow 
for the stabilization of population if die nations of 
the world have a mind to cooperate to this end. Some 
reapportionments of territory will be necessary, but 
such problems must be faced and solved if the world 
is to escape from the old vicious cycle of expansion, 
conflict and exhaustion. There is but one way out; 
that is the way of peace and understanding. And the 
foundations of peace arc: population stabilization, 
restraint for the wastrel classes, and cooperation in 
international relations, We live in a day when the 
world must decide whether it is better to ignore the 
fundamental problems of our social and economic life 
—which choice must certainly issue in war; or, 
whether it is better to face the issues and through 
cooperation achieve stability, the increase of better 
men and an ascending scale of well-being! h a b 

The Big and Little in God's World 

The astronomer explores the heavens with a tele- 
scope and comes back with ever enlarging concepts 
of the vastness of the universe. The physicist, chemist, 
or biologist from his study of atoms and cells, tells no 
less amazing tales of the aspects of this world visible 
only through a microscope. But it is the same with 
God's Word as it is with the big and little in God's 
world. The synthetic study of God's Word reveals a 
sweep of plans that is timeless and universal. The 
textual study of God's Word discovers hidden veins 
of richness that are inexhaustible. H A B 

The Moral Eagerness of Youth 

A good many middle-aged folks find themselves 
turning hot and cold in the presence of varying mani- 
festations of the eagerness of youth. It is said that 
youthful criminals are crowding the older hardened 
classes into the background. And we do not deny 
that youth has its faults, But when all things are con- 
sidered is it likely that the modern youth is worse than 
his father would have been under similar circum- 
stances? Moreover, whatever is said of the shortcom- 
ings of youth, we must not forget his appalling moral 
earnestness. One is often made to wonder if there 
ever was a time when so many young people were so 
terribly in earnest as they are today. Thus, along with 
the youth who disappoints us, we must think also of 
the young men and women who are surprisingly in 
earnest. And who is there to say that we parents 
would not want our sons and daughters confident 
that they can build a better world order? From what 
little we know of life it is our guess that the moral 
earnestness and idealism of youth is the best guaran- 
tee of a better day that we have. Criticise youth if 
you want to, but do not forget his moral earnestness; 
it has redeemed other generations and it will likely do 
as much for ours. h. a. b. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 30, 1926 


spirit and 

Love Expels Doubt 

Beneath the deep and solemn midnight sky, 
At the last verge and boundary of time, 
I stand and listen to the starry chime 

That sounds to the inward sense and will not die. 

Now do the thoughts that daily hidden he 
Arise, and live, in a celestial clime- 
Unutterable thoughts, most high, sublime, 

Crossed by one dread that frights mortality. 

Thus, as I muse, I hear my little child 
Sob in its sleep within the cottage near- 
My own dear child!— Gone is that mortal doubt 1 

The Power that drew our lives forth from the wild 
Our Father is; we shall to him be dear, 
Nor from his universe be blotted out I 

—Richard Watson Gilder. 

Age and Youth in the Church 


Age and youth are not physical conditions only ; they 
are mental as well. Their place and work in the church 
must therefore be considered and determined psycho- 
logically. ,, 
Age is spoken of in the Scriptures as the " evil day, 
when even the grasshopper becomes a burden. It is 
a time of fear " of that which is high," a time when 
many see " terror is in the .way," and a time when 
" desire shall fail." Age is like the old used wine skin 
that has been expanded to its limit until it has become 
" set," and so can no more adjust itself to the new 
wine. The good days are in the past. The present 
has no pleasure for it, and danger lies ahead. Age 
is a " set " state that is not necessarily the result of 
having lived many years. 

Youth is what age is not. It is not afraid of that 
which is high ; it sees no terror in the way and desire 
fails not. It is heroic, venturesome, challenging, hope- 
ful, responsive. It is like the new or unused wine 
skin that expands and adjusts itself to the pressure 
of the fermenting wine. It looks anxiously and hope- 
fully into the future and has but little concern for 
the past. Youth is a state of action and progression 
that is not limited to those who have lived but a few 

According to temperament and disposition, age and 
youth are opposites; the one is counteracted by the 
other. Both are extremes and need to be neutralized. 
Age is the ballast that gives the ship poise ; youth is 
the power that moves it onward. The ship that has 
all ballast and no sail is a dead weight and makes no 
progress. The one that is all sail and has no ballast 
topples over. Age curbs youth and youth spurs age. 
Age is like the bit in the horse's mouth, and youth is 
like the spurs on the rider's heels. The rider knows 
that direction without action is useless, and that action 
without direction is dangerous. Age looks into the 
past and weeps for the temple that has been; youth 
looks into the future and shouts for joy in anticipa- 
tion of the one that shall be. The weeping neutralizes 
the shouting, and the shouting neutralizes the weeping. 
Age flees in terror while youth boldly slays the giant. 
These tendencies function in the church, but not 
always as they should, and when this occurs ab- 
normal and extreme conditions are created and the 
church invariably suffers for it. When age pre- 
dominates in the church and youth is denied ex- 
pression, it will find expression elsewhere, and the 
question will be, How save the children for the 
church? When youth predominates, the church will 
lose her poise. Disregard by youth for age divided the 
kingdom of Israel. Every age movement should have 
sufficient youth associated with it to give it action. 
Every youth movement should have enough age in- 
jected into it to give it stability. 

Age has a strong tendency to adhere to old cus- 
toms and methods in doing church work. Antiquity 
appeals to it strongly. Changes are undesirable and 
are looked upon with disfavor and as being " danger- 
ous departures." Seemingly, perfection has been 
reached and changes are indications of retrogression. 

s the opposite. Its forward look, heroic 
challenging disposition move it forward to 
seek new ways of doing things. New methods are 
introduced and new programs are put on; those of 
past generations do not appeal to it, and it will not 
perpetuate them. Antiquity has no attraction for it; 
change is the spice of life for it. 

God has. called both age and youth to serve him 
in the church. He has made youth and he understands 
age. Age must recognize and accord youth its right- 
ful place. Youth must consider and respect age. These 
neutralizing forces must be preserved in the church 
so that the " happy medium " between the two ex- 
tremes may be found, lest the weeping will become 
so pronounced as to be discouraging and repelling or 
the shouting so extreme as to become hilarious and 

The proper functioning of these elements in the 
church will, on the one hand, keep the church from 
becoming " set " in her use of methods and customs, 
and from becoming centered in them. On the other 
hand it will keep her from running into extremes in 
novelties. It will fit the church to serve existing gen- 
erations, which is the place where the Lord wants 
her to serve. Age must have youth and youth must 
have age in the church; God has so ordained. May 
age and youth love and trust and bear with each 
other and so fulfil their mission in the church. 

Nappanec, Ind. 

■ m ■ 

Brethren's Aid Societies 


In the Gospel Messenger for January 2, under 
the above caption, Bro. M. W. Emmert suggests some- 
thing that merits more than ordinary consideration. 
At the close of his article he asks this question: 
" Where is the first church that will organize a Breth- 
ren's Aid Society? " 

It may be of general interest to know that Southern 
Ohio has had a Brethren's Aid Society in one of 
her churches for more than three years. It is im- 
possible to measure the good that has been done. Prob- 
ably the influence of the church has been felt in the 
community more through the ministry of this organiza- 
tion, than in any other way, so far as the meeting of 
the local needs is concerned. 

Bro. Emmert offers several practical suggestions. 
In the light of our experience with a Brethren's Aid 
Society permit us to offer the opinion that beyond a 
doubt his suggestions can become operative through 
such an organization. 

What he has to say about the small rural churches 
is well worth our serious thought. Brethren, I feel 
sure that it is possible to solve this problem. We have 
small rural churches that can meet a real need and 
this being true I know the Lord, wants it done ; and 
when he finds ministers who are willing to be used 
in the most sacrificial way it will be done. 

A mission point, a very poor church financially in 
our District, was desirous of having a series of meet- 
ings but could not finance it. The Brethren's Aid So- 
ciety offered to hire help to take the minister's place 
on the farm if he would conduct this meeting. The 
meeting was held and as a result seven were baptized, 
some reconsecrated, the church greatly helped, the 
minister made happy, and the Brethren's Aid Society 
greatly encouraged to know that a real service had 
been rendered. 

Not only is it possible for the Brethren's Aid So- 
ciety to help finance the ministry, but their minister- 
ing to the needs of the community greatly reduces 
the pastor's responsibility in that respect ; thus he may 
have a little time to " make tents " in order not to 
be an overburden to the church. 

Remember, brethren, that we are not dealing with 
' the conditions that might have been, neither what we 
think conditions ought to be, nor with what may exist 
in the future, but with the cold, stubborn, uncom- 
promising facts of the present. In order that we may 
leave as a heritage to the next generation better con- 
ditions born of our ideals, the ministry of the present 
will have to sacrifice. I fear, brethren in the ministry, 
that we shall never solve this problem of the minister's 

finances by leaving this field for financial reasons. 
If somehow we can find men so anxious to preach the 
Gospel, that they will be willing to pay for the privi- 
lege by making tents, or raising corn, or by some means 
help the weak church to meet her moral obligations 
as well as her spiritual, then I think that we will have 
taken a step toward a brighter future. Not only can 
the Brethren's Aid Society cooperate in helping to 
supply the temporal needs of the preacher, but the 
social value of the organization is beyond measure. 
In one of the regular meetings, at which fifteen men 
were present, a deacon brother more than seventy 
years of age said: " My regret is that there were not 
such organizations as this when I was young, that I 
might have had this joy years before that we have ex- 
perienced the last few years." Immediately after him 
a young brother in his early twenties told how he en- 
joyed working with this band that had for their motto : 
" Serving others." Are you having trouble getting the 
younger and the older to think together and appreciate 
each other? We are having no trouble since we are 
really learning to live together, by serving together. 
If spirit and feeling could be put into words, and if 
we could relate in this article some of the things that 
our eyes have seen and our ears have heard in these 
meetings, I am sure there would be many such organi- 
zations in a short time. Think of twelve to twenty 
men from a smafl congregation coming together, pray- 
ing, singing hymns, discussing the needs of the com- 
munity. Then think of big full grown men rising 
from their knees, taking each other by the hand, ask- 
ing forgiveness, and in tears pledging each other their 
support and love without being asked to do so by the 
elder or council meeting! 

Of course, there are problems, and Satan will tell 
you that it can not be done. But we are ready to lay 
our hands on twenty real men that will tell you that 
it can be done. They are eyewitnesses. A sister was 
losing her sight for the want of twenty dollars for an 
operation. The Brethren's Aid Society had the pleas- 
ure of supplying the need and of hearing how thankful 
she was as she told her appreciation in tears. A mother 
changed time for eternity, leaving a husband and largt 
family in need. In ten minutes' time $60 in cash and 
clothing was made up for their help. Free convey- 
ances for funerals, Christmas boxes, visiting and 
flowers for the sick are some other practical activi- 
ties of our Society. In fact, the Brethren's Aid Society- 
is our week-day pastor. 

Our church offers no financial support for the min- 
istry; it is a small country church. Five years ago 
the records show a membership of near eighty. Jan. 
1 , 1926, we had a membership of one hundred thirty- 
four. This is a rather small increase in membership : 
and yet, we think it better than to have slipped back 
as some churches under the same circumstances have 
been known to do. I am sure the Brethren's Aid So- 
ciety has done more to make this possible than any 
other department of the church. There is a small 
booklet published by the Society giving rules, etc., 
governing the organization, which is available for the 

Tippecanoe City, Ohio. 

The Old Jew Who Quit Making Money 


In Four Parts— Part Three 

III. Christ Enters Into the Social Affairs of Men 

Matthew was a man of wealth, and soon after Je- 
sus called him to the new task we find him giving a 
" dinner party " in his home at which many publicans 
and sinners sat down and ate with Jesus and his disci- 
ples. Now this feast was no ordinary occasion, but a 
notable social affair and the " great company " (Luke 
5 : 29) implies a general gathering of this class of peo- 
. pie. Perhaps there were a hundred or more publicans, 
sinners, politicians and grafters gathered in the spa- 
cious court of the tax collector's palace. 

It is important to note that Jesus was at this dinner 
party. Jesus was not an ascetic or recluse standing 
aloof from the joys of the social life with an air of 
disapproval ; rather he shared in human festivities. He 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 30, 1926 


attended weddings and sat with men at banquets. The 
One who was pictured as a " man of sorrows and ac- 
quainted with grief," was also anointed with the oil of 
gladness and merriment, even above that of his fel- 
lows. He touched all the shores and sounded all the 
depths of human experience and yet kept himself un- 
spotted. We may have our boat in the sea, but we 
need not have the se^a in the boat. We are in the world 
but not of it. 

Nevertheless at this feast Jesus had a religious end 
in view and was working out his mission. He was dig- 
ging down into the lower strata of society that he 
might put under them the lever of the Gospel. He as- 
sociated with the lowest classes, not that they might 
drag him down, but that he rfiight lift them up. Jesus 
met these disreputable people on natural human ground 
as a man among men in pleasant social intercourse, 
and thus he gained their goodwill and confidence. Ev- 
erybody else was against them, but they felt Jesus was 
interested in them and this drew them to him. We 
cannot help people as long as we stand apart from 
them, especially in an attitude of " better than- thou," 
but we must stand on their level and give them a 
friendly hand. Then may we win their sympathy 
and lift them up. Wherever we go we should take our 
religion along with us and turn every opportunity to 
the Master's use. 

Moreover, let us observe that this dinner party end- 
ed in a public scandal. It was an offense to the Phar- 
isees. The Pharisees were the proper people who wit- 
nessed the dinner. All their principles and precedents 
of social decorum and decency were outraged by' such 
conduct. They were quick to make their criticism 
known to the disciples, asking and taunting them, 
" Why eateth your master with publicans and sinners?" 
It's a disgrace. He is lowering himself. He is killing 
his influence. People will misunderstand him. Their 
self-righteousness had crystallized into such cold hard- 
ness of heart that they despised others and regarded 
themselves as defiled even if the shadow of a sinner 
fell upon them as they passed along the street. And 
we need to be on guard lest this blind, foolish and 
wicked spirit be lurking in our own hearts. It is 
pleasing to our sense of pride to regard ourselves as 
better than others, to think we must keep aloof from 
the common crowd. However, this spirit is diametri- 
cally opposed to the spirit of Christ, and a proger 
sense of our own unworthiness will burn it out of us. 
This criticism of the Pharisees was reported to Je- 
sus and he made a reply that cut deep into the quick. 
He first laid down the principle that they who are 
whole have no need of a physician; rather it is they 
who are sick. The physician does not attend sound and 
well people. He would forsake his mission if he left 
the sick and associated only with the healthy folk. Je- 
sus took the Pharisees, therefore, on their own ground. 
Admitting that they were without taint of sinful dis- 
ease as they claimed, he had no mission to them, but 
with the publicans and sinners, who the Pharisees 
themselves allowed were sick unto death. Jesus " as- 
sociated with sinners." With whom else was- he to as- 
sociate unless he went back to heaven ? 

Next, Jesus suggests to these Pharisees that they go 
back to their own Scripture and observe how they 
had violated its principles. '' But go ye and learn what 
that meaneth, ' I will have money, and not sacrifice.' " 
They had often quoted this well known passage, but 
never had learned its meaning. It is even so with us. 
Some of the most familiar texts are vague to us. It is 
important that we go to them again and again, clear 
them of any false or mistaken meaning we have been 
reading into them, or that other men or ages have been 
reading into them, get a closer understanding of their 
truth, and thus come into more vital fellowship with 
their spirit. We may hold fast to the " letter " of the 
Scriptures and miss its " spirit " entirely. 

The Pharisees were as absurd as a physician who 
would set up an elaborate medical establishment and 
yet refuse to see a patient. They had no " milk of 
human kindness." They knew nothing of compassion 
and kindly fellow-feeling. In so far as we profess re- 
ligion and maintain an exclusive and unbrotherly at- 
titude toward sinners, even the vilest, we are guilty of 
the same absurdity and bring upon ourselves the same 

condemnation as the Pharisees. Brotherhood and 
humanitarianism meant nothing t to the Pharisees. 
Man's inhumanity to man makes countless thousands 
mourn." But Jesus had mercy for he said: "I am 
come, not to call the righteous, but sinners to repent- 
ance." This still is thft mission of the Christ. If we 
are "righteous" and "whole" we have no need of 
Jesus. But if we are sinners he is the very Savior we 
need. Jesus would have religion defined in terms of 
mercy — mercy toward the sinners. 
Washington, D. C. 

Christ and World Brotherhood 

3. The Human Horizon 

If the individual would keep apace with human 
progress, he not only needs to keep informed on in- 
ternational problems and think in international terms, 
but he also needs ,to form his life plans and purposes 
in the light of this broad horizon of intelligence. It 
should be his ambition to have no frontiers to his 
realm of relationships. The radio message can dart 
from distance to distance no more certainly than can 
his insight grasp the situations afar and near. 

It is said that John Wesley regarded the world as 
his parish. William Lloyd's purpose was formed in 
the light of this statement: " My country is the world; 
my countrymen the inhabitants of it." One of the 
distinctive characteristics of great men has always 
been the ability to make effective correlation between 
the immediate and the remote, whether it be in logical 
relationships or in historical sequence or in geographi- 
cal area. 

Those men whose life-records are transcribed in 
the hearts of their fellow-countrymen are men who 
realize the true mission of their country in the more 
general field of human progress, and who also realize 
the true mission of' them own lives in this enterprise. 
They do not interpret their personal mission to mean 
extending the bounds of some commercial system, 
or working primarily for the numerical expansion of 
a particular denomination, or adhering to the policies 
of an ultra-nationalistic expansion. They are inter- 
ested primarily in the advancement of men and women 
in righteousness and only secondarily or incidentally 
in the progress of a particular group. 

The group is beneficial only in so far as it is in- 
strumental in extending the forces of moral and 
religious welfare. A church, or social or national 
group is justified in its existence only as it helps to 
bring men and women, irrespective of caste or race 
or nation, into a more intimate and more harmonious 
relationship with the God of all. Persons who really 
belong to Christ rejoice to follow him wherever he 
may lead. They are not deaf to him when he says: 
"And other sheep I have, which are not of this fold: 
them also must I bring, and they shall hear my voice; 
and they shall become one flock, one shepherd " (John 
10:16). They are eager to enter into an active co- 
partnership with him in his enterprise of world re- 

McPhcrson, Kans. 

" The Moral Equivalent for War " 

3. The Moral Equivalent 

A. It Must Be Comprehensive. 

As the farmer drives across his corn field, first 
cultivating lengthways, then " crossing," he plans to 
destroy pig weeds, thistles, water grass, and morning 
glories— everything but the stalks of corn. Some weeds 
may be worse than others, but all are a menace to the 
life of the corn. Should he attempt to get only the 
pig weeds, the corn would be destroyed by the others. 
Were he to reason : " Well, the pig weeds are the 
worst; I'll get them first, then go after the others," 
he would make a great mistake; for while he was la- 
boriously fighting these, the others would have choked 
out much of the corn. A little hoe work around the 
hills is all right, but it's more efficient to use a culti- 
vator for most of it. 

As we pacifist farmers go up and down, north and 

south, east and west, across out* world corn field, 
shall we try to pull up the obnoxious political war- 
fare weed and leave the weeds of industrial war, 
racial war and all the others to destroy the growing 
stalks of spiritual personalities? Selfish, destructive 
conflict has many forms besides that of armed mili- 
tary fighting between nations. Pulling or hoeing may 
be needed at some points, but we must do enough 
plowing to uproot racial, religious, domestic, denomi- 
national, political party, industrial, class, and many 
other war weeds, else these will in the meantime 
threaten our crop of human character. 
8. It Must Be Interesting. 

Our moral equivalent must appeal in the compel- 
ling way which war has to the capacity in us which 
makes us energetically respond when a contest for' 
ideals is announced. For "enlightened self-interest" 
is no longer as strong an incentive as some altruistic 
ideal. Recent history of wars proves that slanderous, 
lying propaganda against 'the enemy for the purpose 
of idealizing the conflict is necessary. 
C. It' Must Be Constructive. 

Darwin found it hard to explain how a relentless 
and cruel antagonism could yield the peaceful fruits 
of righteousness. Dr. Tenncy has pointed out the 
value of world like-mindedness: "Let there be pro- 
duced sufficient ' likeness among the peoples of the 
world, and harmonious organization' based on sym- 
pathy will follow of itself." Herbert Spencer, while 
contending that war was once a necessity, admitted, 
" Only when the struggle for existence has ceased to 
go on under the form of war, can these highest social 
sentiments attain their full development." 

Men of every generation, like children blowing bub- 
bles, project ideals and leap to catch them. Clearly 
the moral equivalent must be a kind of conflict which 
takes us toward our highest ideals. 
D, It Must Be Reasonable. 

Dr. Giddings has pictured the development of con- 
flict from the ideo-motor stage where men " fight it 
out " to the intellectual stage in which men " reason 
it out." 

When a group of medical experts from all parts 
of the world hold a conference to investigate the 
cause of cancer, they do not allow narrow patriotism 
to enter, but decide the question on its merits. Why 
cannot experts in international, racial, religious and 
other problems lay aside prejudice and think logically? 
We would laugh at the absurdity of Ohio sending an 
armed expedition against Illinois because of a disagree- 
ment ; reason without bias makes it just as ridiculous 
for France to send troops into Germany, or vice 

A world language, world radio service and student 
friendship tours of the world are some of the methods 
which will produce thinking in world terms. Science 
is solving our food problem by increasing " per acre " 
production. Overpopulation can be prevented by other 
means than killing girl babies or war; birth control 
by sex temperance is the natural and reasonable meth- 
od ; according to government appropriations babies are 
now almost as important as pigs; perhaps some day 
they will be more so. 
I-. It Must Be Spiritual. 

" For though we walk in the flesh we do not war 
after the flesh : for the weapons of our warfare are 
not carnal, but mighty through God to the pulling 
down of strongholds" (2 Cor. 10:3, 4). 

So materialistic have some national leaders become 
that they might fittingly conclude Lincoln's great 
Gettysburg address : " That this nation under force 
shall have a new era of business; that government of 
the money, by the money, and for the money shall not 
perish for the lack of money." Hence Paul's reminder 
is wholesomely refreshing. It is also hopeful that our 
last three Presidents, and most of the others, have in- 
sisted on the power of the unseen. 

Our equivalent must be a tremendous stimulus to 
spiritual energy. Unselfish sacrifice of all we have 
should follow: " He who saves his life shall lose it." 
Our motive should always be that of love; Lincoln's 

(Continued on Page 74) 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 30, 1 926 

Our Forward Movement 

Edited by J. W. Lear 

General Director < 

cil of Promotion 

That Stewardship Study Class 

What about a stewardship study class in your 
church or Sunday-school these long winter evenings? 
Would it not be helpful to your membership to know 
what the Bible teaches on the subject? Some one has 
said that " we profess the Christian way and live the 
heathen way." What a tragedy if the statement is true 
about us ! 

Why were we created? What do we know about the 
Creator? Not a theoretical but a practical acquaintance 
with him. Are we ready to acknowledge God's owner- 
ship of all that we have and are? If not. why? Is it 
easier to say, " / belong to God," than, " What I pos- 
sess belongs to God " ? Are \ve aware that squander- 
ing time, talents or money is criminal and imposes 
a heavy penalty on the guilty individual? 

These questions and many, many more might profit- 
ably be raised in a stewardship study class. If you 
had such a class in your church it might help the mem- 
bers to discover wdiether they are good or poor stew- 
ards. Paul said that faithfulness is the word for 
stewards. They should be faithful to God; faithful 
in using the things of God ; faithful in laying out for 
his use and glory our own lives. 

Why not organize a class among the children? 
If we older people have been more interested in formal 
obedience than we have been in practical Christianity 
let us help the children to grow up with different 
ideals. Some one has written thus: 

" If I could have the privilege of inducing 100 chil- 
dren and young people between the ages of eight and 
of eighteen, all without regular income, or 100 adults 
between the ages of thirty and forty, all with the ordi- 
nary income of men and women between those ages, to 
adopt at least one-tenth of their income as their rule 
of giving, I would without a moment's hesitation elect 
the young people. 

" Why? Because the primary object of a separated 
portion is distinctly not to get money; it is to build 
character, and youth is the time for that, , 

" The cornerstone of all character building worthy 
of the name is a deeply implanted sense of responsi- 
bility to God. Teaching that responsibility in theory 
only, may be, and very often is, evanescent. Reduc- 
ing it to practice by setting aside a tenth or some defi- 
nite proportion of income which can be done by the 
youngest, makes it permanent. We often forget what 
we are taught ; we never forget what we practice." 

If- you want help to start, write to the Council of 
Promotion, Elgin, 111. We are always glad to assist 
in such a worthy undertaking. 

conscience bearing witness with me in the Holy Spirit, 
that I have great sorrow and unceasing pain in my 
heart. For I could wish that I myself were accursed 
from Christ for my brethren's sake, my kinsmen ac- 
cording to the flesh." When we as a church people 
are moved with that same passion money will be re- 
leased for missions in a manner unknown in our day. 
The second condition is that our churches do not 
definitely plan their financial matters to adequately care 
for the missionary work of the Brotherhood. The 
reason for the indifference in this regard, of course, 
can easily be traced to the lack of the spiritual pas- 
sion as described above. The many calls for money 
these days make it imperative for individuals to be- 
come faithful stewards of their possessions. The 
necessities, comforts and luxuries of life are constant 
in their demands. Then too, many worthy causes, 
such as Near East Relief, Anti-Saloon League, etc., 
are appealing for our benevolence. A hit and miss 
method of spending and giving places the individual at 
the mercy of the loudest appeal regardless of merit, 
and too often the flesh gets the bulk of the income 
• and the Spirit is turned away with a collection 
shamefully inadequate. Is it not true with many of us 
that in the course of a year the luxury appeals receive 
larger contributions than the missionary appeals ? Sup- 
pose we keep an accurate book account for a year and 
observe how we spend the possessions from the Lord. 
In this article I am appealing for deep, abiding and 
overflowing springs of passionate and sympathetic love 
for our Master and in behalf of his saving Gospel. 
Also, a faithful stewardship that vvijl carefully hus- 
band the material increase pf our farms, stores and 
professions so that the work of the church shall re- 
ceive adequate support. The first must furnish the 
desire and dynamic. The latter is necessary if we 
are to have proper proportions and adequate system 
in our spending, investing and giving. Hear the Mas- 
ter, " If, therefore, ye have not been faithful in the 
unrighteous mammon- [money], who will commit to 
your trust the true riches? " 

Another quotation (and may it be said that the 
writer is very sympathetic with the missionary pro- 
gram, but simply discouraged at the indifferent re- 
sponse from those who ought to be interested) : 
" Would it not be best for one year at least that the 
Board get the cash and pledges from the different 
churches at Conference time and then make the list 
accordingly ? " 

What would that mean ? Twp years ago the Mission 
Board reduced their asking $100,000, cutting out all 
building plans except those started and thus allowing 
nothing for expansion. The work has gone into the 
third year with this program with the result that the 
workers on the field are discouraged. It requires about 
$27.S,000 a year from the churches to carry this re- 
duced program. Cash collections and pledges at our 
Conference amount to $60,000 or at the most $65,000 
or abouf one-fourth of the amount needed. To carry 
out the idea of our good friend just for one year would 
mean to call home at least two-thirds of our workers. 
In fact, to keep one-third of these workers on the 
field would leave insufficient money to bring the bal- 
ance home. This is especially true if the church is 
to keep up any semblance of work in its fields. 

We do not blame some of the missionary secretaries 
for suggesting such a course, for they have not 
thought through what that would mean. But they 
surely have as much occasion to get discouraged as 
some of the prophets in the days of Israel. Some of 
these dear souls give sacrificially of their own means 
and then give time and vital energy to interest others 
in the cause. Often, too, they are met not only with 
cold indifference but with rebuffs that only a good 
cause and sacrificial interest can endure. We must 
wonder why. 

The serious thing is that the heathen are robbed of 
an opportunity to know our Christ. The individual 
who withholds his money for fear if he gives liberally 
instead of grudgingly he will be asked to give still 
more is robbing himself of the. joy and blessing of 
giving. And any who rob themselves and others of the 
grace of God rob God of the opportunity of blessing 

Why Are We Crippled? 

There are many faithful mission secretaries who 
are heartily endeavoring to create more zeal in their 
respective churches for the foreign work. The Gen- 
eral Mission Board very warmly appreciates this fideli- 

We cannot help but feel that two things are sadly 
needed in many of our congregations. First, such an 
appreciation of Christ's love as to produce in his 
followers the same overflowing compassion for sinners 
that he had. All of us are lacking here. Paul said ; 
" The love of Christ constraineth us ; because we 
thus judge, that one died for all, therefore all died ; 
and he died for all that they that live would no longer 
live unto themeslves but unto him who for their sakes 
died and rose again." Paul's belief that all who lived 
apart from Christ were living in sin, and hence lost, 
and his knowledge of Christ's love manifested in his 
death for the sinner, created in Paul such a passion to 
get all sinners acquainted with his Master that he 
had been accused of being beside himself. This ab- 
normal (?) passion inspired Paul to say at different 
times : " As much as in me is I am ready to preach 
the gospel" ; "Woe is unto me if I preach not the 
gospel " ; "1 say the truth in Christ, 1 lie not, my 

The Welfare Board 

. Neher. Secretary 

Helpful Suggestions 

We are always glad for the letters that give some- 
thing of the feelings of the members toward the 
church's missionary work even though they, may be 
critical. Oftentimes ignorance of facts is the ground 
for the criticism and if we are informed we have a 
chance to disabuse the minds of the people. 

One party remarks thus: "We have to hear this 
so much, ' As long as we keep paying the deficit, they 
will continue to go in debt.' " 

The facts are these : The Boards of the church come 
to Annual Conference each year with a statement of 
how much money is wanted to promote the work of 
the church. This is called The Conference Budget, 
The churches are represented by delegates and these 
delegates consider the budget and finally approve of 
it. This is not the budget of the Boards, it is the budget 
of the church. The Boards are simply the agents of 
the church to administer these funds. 

Do the Boards have a right to expect the churches to 
raise the amount of the budget after Conference has 
approved it? That ought not to be a question, but 
rather the logical conclusion. But is it true? No, I 
am sorry to say that we never have received more than 
two-thirds of the amount. Why? The quotation above 
indicates the reason. Let us not pay all of the budget 
the Conference has approved or they will ask us to 
pay still more. One of two things must be true. Either 
Conference is asking the members to pay too much or 
the members are not wjlling to give for the Lord's 
work what they should. If the former, then Confer- 
ence should take time and occasion to regulate the 
matter ; if the latter is true, the members who are guilty 
ought to commune with their own hearts before the 
heavenly Father in the light of Mai. 3:8. 

Encourage Simplicity 


Children, naturally, have very simple tastes and 

How is it, then, that many of them even before the 
age of five become spoiled and petulant and demand- 
ing? This is the reason: their natural tendency toward 
simplicity has not been fostered and developed. 

Since a mother is the strongest influence in a child's 
life in his early years, surely it is Mother, then, who 
must hold to the simple standard if the beautiful art- 
lessness of childhood is to be preserved. 

" Give Baby his other rattle box, he's tired of this 
one," a mother said to her little daughter in my pres- 
ence. So the rubber rattle was picked up and put away 
because Baby had thrown it down a number of times, 
and a pink celluloid one was substituted. 

Without entering into a discussion of whether rat- 
tles are ever suitable playthings for babies — this mother 
was destroying the ability of her child to find pleasure 
in simplicity. The baby was barely old enough to grasp 
anything in his hand. As yet his own fingers and fists 
were a perfect marvel to him. He would have played 
with them contentedly until he dropped off to sleep, 
and when he awoke and was once moref fed and com- 
fortable those same fingers would have been as attract- 
ive and novel as if he had never seen them before. 

Yet in the space of half an hour of his waking time, 
he had been entertained with two different rattles, a 
bright balloon tied to the foot of his bed and one or 
another of several toy animals which aroused very 
little interest in him. 

Giving the baby toys too early and in too great a 
variety creates unnatural inclinations and desires. He 
is being forced ahead, and like a hothouse bulb, he may 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 30, 1926 


grow more quickly but he will be less sturdy in 
character than if permitted to develop naturally. 

Drawing attention to the baby's accomplishments 
repeatedly and exploiting his achievements before vis- 
itors or relatives are sure ways to make him self- 
centered and artificial in manner. How can be remain 
unconscious when folks continually exclaim over his 
abilities, and direct attention to him? 

I have a friend with a cunning three-year-old boy. 
Occasionally I drop in to call on her, but never do we 
have an opportunity for a good old-time chat on little 
personal affairs or any sort of consecutive conversa- 
tion for Billy always interrupts: "Mother, see what 
I'm doing," and if Mother doesn't look immediately 
he screeches louder than ever, " Watch me now ! watch 

me ! " ■ 

And more often than not the mother says to me, 
" Look at him — don't you think he's quite wonderful 
to be able to do that at his age? " 

Another mother stresses clothes until Anabel is vain. 
Each time this mother embroiders a new frock she 
sends Anabel around the- neighborhood among her 
friends to show how cute she looks dressed up in her 
new togs. Alas! Simplicity will soon be a lost art 
with Anabel. 

Surely we cannot blame our boys and girls for their 
sophistication and false attitudes toward life when they 
grow older if we do not cherish as beautiful and pre- 
cious traits their unconsciousness and simplicity. 
Mothers will do well to remember that it is in baby- 
hood and during the early pre-school years that a 
child is " spoiled " in the sense of losing his native in- 
nocence of thought and manner. To cultivate sim- 
plicity means to add a rare charm to any personality. 

i Notes From Our Correspondents 


Clendale.— We have elected officers for the coming year, Bro. D. 
D. Thomas being retained elder. Emma Whisler is clerk; Etta Wilson, 
"Messenger" agent; Harold Kurtz and Ola Gillett. Sunday-school 
..uperinlendents. The increased attendance and activity o( our young 
[jLuple during the past six months has been encouraging. We think 
a great deal of commendation is due our pastor, Bro. Walter 
Swthart, and family, for this fact. The deputation team from La 
Verne College gave us an inspirational program New Year's eve. 
The ability and talent exhibited in rendering the program with the 
wonderful subject of " Abiding in Christ," as the theme, was ex- 
cellent; but the fact that young people of this age are willing 
to give their time for the study of " the real things of life " made 
it inspirational.— Addie G. Kurtz, Glemlale, Ariz., Jan. 16. 

Springdale church met in council Jan. 16. A very good representa- 
tion of the members was present, and while the amount of business 
was small it was all done in a peaceful way. The outlook for the 
year's program gives us courage to press on. We need more 
consecrated workers throughout the Southland, especially ministers 
who have the undaunted courage to deliver the good tidings, that 
God still reigns and the blood of Jesus Christ is yet available to 
cleanse our sins.— L. W. Stong, Springdale, Ark., Jan. 17. 


Figarden.— Our regular council convened in December, with Eld. 
f. V. Funderburgh in charge. A few committee reports were read 
and accepted. We talked over our financial affairs, ways and means 
by which, we could meet our obligations for the coming year. 
We elected a permanent program committee, consisting of the 
superintendents of the different departments, The Sisters' Aid 
Society has been quite busy the past two months with some special 
efforts. They cleared over $100 and gave $50 to the church, $5 to 
the Mission Board of Northern California, for the support of Sister 
Minneva Neher, of the China Mission field. We are also help- 
ing La Verne College some by keeping our pledges paid. Bro. 
S. P. Noll has been faithfully bringing us the morning messages, 
which we appreciate very much. Dec. 27 J. E. Jones, of Biola, 
Cnlif., gave us a splendid New Vear's sermon. The junior depart- 
ment of the Sunday-school gave a Christmas program Sunday 
morning, Dec. 20, The giving and serving spirit was quite manifest 
throughout the entire program. During the summer the junior 
class of girls and hoys raised money for missions by investing a 
quarter in various ways. The amount raised was very creditable. 
Our Thanksgiving offering, amounting to $23, was given to our 
District Mission Board. The Christmas offering of $25 was taken for 
Sister Minneva Neher. Three letters' have been called for recently.— 
Mrs. F. E. Weimert, Fresno, Calif., Jan. 7. 

Glendora.— At 9 A. M. Thanksgiving Day we held services. Bro. 
Jacob Wine had charge in the absence of our pastor, Bro. G. 
" Bashor. He gave each an opportunity to express his thanks 
W what the Lord had done during the past year. It was a most 
soul-inspiring service. The offering was $91.31 lor world-wide mis- 
sions. ^Brethren Ellis Studcbaker, J. B. Emmert and John Ernst, 
all of La Verne, have been with us lately and brought helpful and 
inspiring messages. 'Dec. 20 the young people rendered a most ex- 
cellent and unusual Christmas program, carrying out the idea of 
'he true Christ spirit. This was followed by a talk along the 
same line of thought by our pastor, who had just returned from a 
six weeks' evangelistic service. Christmas eve a splendid program 
was rendered to a crowded house, under the direction of our primary 
superintendent. Sister G. H. Bashor, after which a treat was given 
'o all. At the close of the first service of the new year our hearts 
rejoiced when one young man came forward and confessed Christ. 
J*e was baptized the following Wednesday after prayer meeting. 
Our council was held Jan. 14. with Eld. Bashor presiding. Officers 
"ere elected for the coming year: Elder, Bro. G. H. Bashor; clerk, 
*">. Roy Brubaker; "Messenger" agent, Sister Effie Norcross; 
correspondent, Sister Anna Gnagy. Six letters have been received 
and two granted since our last report. We decided to have Sister 
L °ra Stahly give us a week or two of instruction in music. The 
year has been very successful for the Glendora church, one of 
"«e best; more harmony and unity prevailed in work and service. 
«■ prayer meetings are increasing in numbers and interest, often 
M more being present. Bro. '. 
"ices, anointed fifteen, preached 

has held three evangelistic 
funeral sermons, performed 

two weddings and baptized eight.— Mrs. Anna M. Gnagy, Glendora, 
Calif., Jan. IS. 

Hcmct.-Our regular council met Dec. 17, with Eld. S. E. Yoder 
presiding. Sunday-school officers were chosen for the year, with 
Bro. D. L. Yoder, superintendent. Church officers were also elected, 
with Bro. I. B. Gibbel. clerk. Dec. 20 the Sunday -school gave a 
Christmas program after which all received a treat. Jan. 3 our 
Christian Workers took up the study of China.— Ruby Tinkle, Heinet, 
Calif., Jan. 11. 

Los Angeles.— The First church met in council Dec. 9. with Eld. 
N, E. Baker presiding. Bro. R. V. Lehmer was elected ■ trustee to 
fill the vacancy caused by the death of his father, G. G. Lehmer. 
The treasurer's report shows that the church has met all obliga- 
tions and has a small surplus. The repair work on the church- 
house will be completed this week. The Ladies' Aid is doing some 
good work. They put on a sale Dec. 12, the returns from which 
amounted to about $151. Their obligation of $100 for the new 
administration building of La Verne College has been met. Also 
some Christmas presents, consisting of three comforters and $15 
in cash were given. A small band of faithful intercessors meet 
on Wednesday evening for special prayer; wonderful answers have 
been realized. Our love feast, held Nov. 15, was an event long 
to be remembered. It was the largest feast we have had since 
the Belvedere church was organized from this congregation. The 
assistance given by a number of visiting ministers was very en- 
couraging. At the close of the morning services four letters were 
read and one sister was reinstated. At the close of the after- 
noon services four applicants were baptized. In the evening about 
160 members surrounded the Lord's table. Dec. 20 a very interesting 
program was rendered by the Sunday-school which was enjoyed 
by- a well filled house. At the close of the program, in response 
to a call from the General Mission Board for a dollar per mem- 
ber offering for world-wide missions, an offering of $W was taken. 
The church is making a steady growth. The Sunday-school is 
much larger in attendance than it was a year ago. Since our last 
report five have been received by baptism, five by letter and one 
has been reinstated. The Sunday-school recently decided to help 
bear the expenses of hiring an automobile to haul the downtown 
Chinese children to Sunday-school at the Chinese mission. This 
work, under the supervision of Sister Maggie Early and Bro, Oscar 
Walton, is very encouraging,— Mrs. Delia Lehmer, Los Angeles, 
Calif., Dec. 28. 

McFarland church met in council Dec. 12. Bro. A, Blickcnstaff 
was reelected elder in charge and Bro. A. D. Sollenbcrger, assistant; 
Bro. Walter Root, church clerk; Sister Odessa Bowman, "Mes- 
senger " agent and correspondent. Nov. 22 our pastor, Bro. A. 
D. Sollenbcrger, began a series of meetings, continuing for two 
weeks and closing Dec. 7, with the baptizing of fourteen. Bro. 
Sollcnberger preached some very splendid sermons. Thanksgiving 
Day was observed in the usual manner with prayer and praise 
service at 10 A. M. At noon a basket lunch was served which 
everyone enjoyed and in the afternoon a program was rendered. 
An offering of $103 was lifted for the General Mission Board. 
A committee of three was appointed by the Sunday-school Board 
to arrange a Christmas program which was rendered Dec, 23. The 
church and Sunday-school are growing and everything is moving 
along very nicely.— Mrs. H. G. Updike, McFarland, Calif,, Jan. 2. 

Rio Linda church met in council Dec. 12, with Bro. W. R. Bru- 
baker presiding. He was reelected elder for another year: Bro. Louis 
Robertson, Sunday-school superintendent; the writer, " Messenger " 
agent. We are very few jn number but we have preaching and 
Sunday-school every Sunday. To anyone desiring to change location 
and to work for the Master there is a large field near and around 
Sacramento.— Mrs. Golda Whipple, Sacramento, Calif., .Jan. 9. 

San Bernardino.— In looking back over the work since February, 
1923, when our congregation was organized with a membership 
representing approximately eighteen and a Sunday-school of per- 
haps twenty, then coming to the present status with a total of 
fifty -three, the future ought to be better than doubled should we 
keep on in the way we were going. Again looking back over the 
road thus (raveled, we can see rugged steeps, valleys deep, stormy 
clouds and much opposition in our pathway. Another look back 
finds us gazing intently on the brighter side of life, not on the 
battles fought, but on the victories won. We sec those who 
were faithful and true, those whom you could count on being 
there. These are the ones who have the praise of God. These 
will be given the real credit for the successes in spite of obstacles. 
From this happy viewpoint there is hope and joy. These who 
have proven faithful to the trust under trying circumstances can 
be counted on for the future. There is no reason why the work 
can not take care of itself from now on. Perhaps the pastoral 
duties could not be as we would like them to be (or awhile, yet 
with faith, zeal and all working together with God, " who can be 
against us?" We are having encouraging congregations now and 
the Sunday-school is crowding at the walls of the house (or 
room. The present is not just as wc had desired and hoped for, 
but our prayers are answered in that wc were granted to see 
the church established and bidding for a glorious future.— L, D. and 
Mrs. Bosserman. Riverside. Calif., Dec. 28. 

Santa Ana.— Our regular council was held Dec. 29, with our pastor 
and elder, O. V. Long, presiding. Three letters were received and two 
granted. The finance committee made a very optimistic report. 
Dec. 27 the Sunday-school presented the Christmas program. Dec. 
6 Eld. H. A. Frantz was with us in both morning and evening 
services in the interest of La Verne College. During the week he 
solicited in each home for funds for the new administration build- 
ing. Dec. 13 Eld. J. B. Emmert was with us in the Christian 
Workers' and preaching hour in which he gave a stereopticon lecture 
on India. His own personal experience |n that field together with 
the pictures made the needs more real to us. An offering was 
lifted for the foreign work. Sometime ago Brother and Sister Long 
entertained the deacons and their wives. Tile evening was spent 
in conversing on problems concerning the growth o( the church. 
Dec. 30 the members agreeably surprised Brother and Sister M. M. 
Carl, who are moving to Pomona, by calling on them in a body 
(or a farewell. Beginning Jan. 3 a school of missions will be eon- 
ducted (or six weeks in the Christian Workers' Society. "Our Mis- 
sions Abroad " will he the chief text book.— Iva Carl, Santa Ana, 
Calif., Jan. 2. 


Denver church met in council Dec. 17. Church officers for the 
year were chosen. Bro. I. J. Sollcnberger will be our paslor and 
elder another year. Two splendid pageants were given Dec. 20. 
Dec. 28 Bro. John F. Diets, field man for McPherson College, gave 
two stirring sermons. We held a watch night service New Year's 
eve. The Ladies' Aid served an oyster supper, after which an 
interesting program was given, summing up the past year and 
looking forward into the new. The service was unique in that 
one of our children was received by haptism. The Ladies' Aid 
reorganized for the year, with Sister Margaret Fox, president.— 
Mrs. B. R. Fox. Denver. Colo., Jan. 12. 

Rocky Ford.— Our church met ill council for the annual election 
of officers on Dec. 16, with Eld. Roy E. Miller presiding. Eld. 
Roy E. Miller was reelected as elder for the coming year, and 
the writer was elected church correspondent. The committee on 
special programs offered a list of sixteen programs for the coming 
year which was adopted. For several years we have been arrang- 
ing a schedule of special programs for the year, together with a 
list of those who are responsible for .each program. We find that 
in this way we secure better programs, satisfactorily distributed 
throughout the year, and more people have an active part in them. 
The day before Christmas a sunbeam cabinet heater was installed 
in the church; this is more attractive than a stove and distributes 
the heat more uniformly, and is very much appreciated. We held 
our Christmas program the evening of the same day. Many say 
the program was the best they ever attended. A special feature 
was the last number, the play, "The Orphans' Christmas Eve." 
At the close of the program treats were distributed to children 
of school age. Some provisions were brought to the program and 
later distributed among the needy. An offering was received lor 
world-wide missions amounting to $74.45. We are just now enter- 

ing upon a week of institute work, conducted by Eld. Homer E. 
Blough. of Wiley.— Rosetta Cottrcll, Rocky Ford. Colo.. Dec. 29. 


Seneca.— The year's work has closed with encouraging results. 
Wc had Sunday- school (and Bible study or preaching each Sun- 
day afternoon with two exceptions. One Sunday wc worshiped with 
the brethren' at Brooksville. eighty. five miles toward the west coast. 
and another Sunday a number went to the Orlando love feast. 
One Sunday afternoon Eld. Bowers, with fifteen members of the 
Orlando Sunday-school, rendered a program on the Home, which 
was much appreciated. After the services lunch was served under 
the high pines on the grounds. The social joined to the spiritual 
made the event a most joyful one. Dec. 27 a "Peace and Good 
WTll " program was rendered. Those who spoke on the sub- 
ject were Eld. S. C. Lehman, Bro. Floyd Irwin and Sister Ida 
llimmelsbaugh. Rev. Mulhanan and Rev. Ray, of the Methodist 
church, also gave addresses. A family from Ohio, by the name of 
Stutsman, of the Mcnnonilc brethren, who are building a winter 
home between Eustis and Travaries. were present. They have no 
church in Lake County and arc glad to worship with us. We met 
accidentally on Christmas eve. Mrs. Stutsman and three children 
stood before the bank in Eustis and seeing a lady with a bonnet 
I introduce*! myself, thinking she was a member of our church. The 
bonnet was the point of contact and if all members of the Breth- 
ren Church coining to Florida would come that way it would help 
us get together. One letter was read and an offering of $11 for 
world-wide missions given. Jan. 3 we elected Sunday-school officers, 
With Bro. Floyd Irwin, superintendent. We invite all members com- 
ing to Florida to look over the city of Eustic and Lake County. - 
John W. Mycr, Eusim, Fl..., Jan. 4. 


Winchester.— The Sunday-school had a Christmas program Dec. 20. 
Sunday-school officers were elected for the year, with Clyde Alexander. 
superintendent. We expect llro. W. H. Tigner, of Gray. Wash., 
to hold meetings for us to commence about Jan. 17 or 24.— Amanda 
E. Flory. Winchester, Idaho, Dec. 23, 


Champaign. Jan. 31 we expect lo have Prof, W. W. Peters, 
president of Mt. Morris College, with us in all-day meeting. Basket 
dinner will be served in the church. We want to extend the 
invitation to each adjoining congregation to be with us. We hope 
the message will be an inspiration lo all-Mrs. Katherine Norris, 
Champaign. ML, Jan. 13. 

Hustings Street Mission, —Last week about 200 persons of the 
Hastings Street community enjoyed a fellowship supper, These